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. 3 1833 01723 9481 



GENEALOGY 
974 
N42NA 
1886 



23. 



TIIJ5 



■NEW-ENGLAND 



istoncat ani (Hencahgical Register 



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, BY TH3 



Xcto*EnflIat«j p?tstonc {genealogical <Soctct£. 

We 

FOR THE YEAR 1886. 



VOLUME XL 




BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED AT THE SOCIETY'S HOL T SE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

Printed by David Clapf & Sox. 

1886. 



V 597179 



Committee m UublieatioK, 

188 6. 

JOHN WARD DEAN, WILLIAM B. TRASK, 

LUCIUS R. PAIGE, HENRY H. EDES, 

EDMUND F. SLAFTER, HENRY E. WA1TE, 

JEREMIAH COLBURN, FRANCIS E. BLAKE. 



©&ttor, 
JOHN WARD DEAN. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 



http://archive.org/details/newenglandhistorv40wate 



iv 



General Index, 



Book Nottees-- 

Lamed, Edwin Channin?, Memorial of, 339 

Lee Family Gathering 1 , 233 

Marshall's Extracts ~ Parish Register Ardeley 

County, England, 423 
Marshall's Miscellanea Marescalliana. Vol.11. 

Part I. 129 
May's Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree, 423 
Memoires de L'Academie des Sciences de Tou- 
louse, Tom. VII. 228 
Moore's Prytaneum Bostonlense, 124 ; Second 

Paper, 417 
Morris's Bontecou Genealogy, 129 
Morristown (N. J.) Record (Monthly), 419 
Musical Record, The, 421 
NefTs Neff Family. 344 
North, Rev. Simeon, Memorial of, 339 
Northern Notes and Q leries, Vol. I. No. I. 422 
Northeud's Address before the Essex Bar Asso- 
ciation, Dec. 8, 1335, 223 
Painter Staioers, some account of the Worship- 
ful Company of, 229 
Pascoe's London of To-day, 341 
Paxtou's Marshall Family, 233 
Perin's Perrin Genealogy, 129 
Perkins Family, Boston Branch. 234 
Perry, Commodore, Inauguration of Statue, 

Newport, R. I., Sept. 10. 1SS5, 123 
Peyton's Glasse of Time, 225 
Phillips's Phillies Genealogies, 129 
Robertson's Chase Family, 234 
Roberts >n's The Attempts made to separate the 

West from the American Union, 126 
Robinson's Genealogical Notes, No. I. Ancestry 

of U. S. Grant, 129 
Roome Genealogy, 129 
Root's Fe.onor Family, No. I. 423 
Salisbury's Family Memorials, 125 
Sands Genealogy, 423 
SargentVCushiug's Island, 232 
Bharpe's Sketch George Lansing Taylor, 422 
Slafter's Chairs of New England Governors, 123 
Slaughter's Colonial Churcti iu Virginia, 122 
Bniveley's Sniveiey Memoranda, 129 
Souther Family, 315 

Southern Bivouac, The. Vols. I. and II. 343 
SUples's Notes on St. Bcto ph, 232 
Stebbias's jftebbins Genealogy, 345 
Stiles's Kec <rd or Kiogs County and City of 

Br.x> ilyn, N. Y. 224 
Thurston Family Reunion, 129 
Titus's Wiswall Genealogy, 234 
Todd's Life and Letters a Joel Barlow, 335 
Torrey's Torrey Gen-aloj ; cal Notes, 234, 423 
Truro Eapti-insfmi-ljoj}, 231 
Upharn's Upham Family. 2-i4 
Upton's Upton Family, 345 
Virginia Historical Society Publications, Vol. V. 

343 
Vose's Sketch of Loammi Baldwin, 123 
Waters-Chester— Cheaters of Blaby and Weth- 

ersfield, 423 
Waters's John Harvard and his Ancestry, 123 
Waters's Genealogical Gleanings, VoL I. Part 

I. 123 
Weekss Weekes Genealogy, 129 
Wimhrop's Memoir of Hon. David Sears, 344 
Woburn (M:ss) Historical Sketch, 126 
Wood's Wood Genealogy, 129 
Wyoming Historical and Genealogical Society 
Proceedings, Vol. II. Part I. 123 ; Part U. 
419 
Wyoming Vall<?y Fami'ies, 120 
Book Platts, Heraldic, early Ne.v England and New 

York, 2'Jb 
Boston, In li in narue3 of and their meaning, 94 
Bradley, G,,r^., q u,ry, 323 
Bradstreet, query, 107 
Brairaree tiecortis, notice, 326 
B.itish StAffli. f r Am- rica, 1755, 105 
Brocklebaiik, Capt. Samuel, and his company, 100 
Broughton, note lu6 



Brush, Crv: 



qusry, 106 ; reply, 211 



Burchard F irt ly, fragment or, 4;j5 
fiythewood Family of South Carolina, 299 



Chester's (Col.) Oxford Matriculations and Marriage 

Licenses, note, 111, 211 
Church Bells of Suffnk, England, 111 
Clarke, Ki;z:ibetb, query. 21.0 
Ccal and Iron in Virginia, note, 409 
Co. its of Arms. (See Illustrations.) 
'•Columbia," the name, 310 
Corb o, rep y to query, 110 
Cunoabel, reply to query, 110 
Cunningham, William, query, 106 
Gushing Inscription, note, 322 

Death? {current), 131, 239, 347, 425 

Dedham Etcords. notice of, 326 

Dcnnysville Centennial, note, 409 

Depositions — Cowell, Edward (1675), 400 : Cooper, 

Jos-ph (.1700), 63 ; Scott, Elizabeth (1^63), 63 ; 

lorry, Philip (1640), 62 
De Wo: A query, 407 
Dexter. Lord Timothy, life of, 3S0 
Donu'^iay Celebration, note. 403 
Dorchester, early matters relating to the Town and 

the F;rst Church, 253 
Driver, Richard, query, 210 

Eagle, the, as a symbol cf America, note, 323 
Eany New Euglaud and New York Heraldic Book 

l'iates, 295 
Early Am-rican Engravers, brief notices of, 204 
Eaton, Nathaniel, the first Principal of Harvard. 

*ke;ch, 294 
Egeruu Ms. Papers 2395, 175 
Ellis, Francis, note, 32 i 
Euglaud. Wate:s's Genealogical Gleanings in, 34, 

153, 3oO, 362 
Engravings. (See Illustrations.) 
F^pitaphs. (See Inscriptions.) 
Essqs Iroticute, New l;uildmg for, note, 40S 

Farmington (Conn.) Church Records, 31, 155, 359 

Fire in Boston, 1775, note, 106 ; reply, 211 

Fitch, query, 324 

Fletcher Family Re-union, note, 212 

Forty years of the Register, note, 406 

Gardner. Thomas, query, 3.4 
Genealogies — 

Anurews, 21 Rain3borowe, 162 

Bar: et:, 97 Rasing, 365 

Burchan (fragment) fcears, 251 

4J6 Se-wail, 47 

Bythewood, 299 Upton, 147 ± 

niteheick, 307 Willou^hby, 60 

H.rae, 47 Wis wall, 53 

Jo-ie.yn, 290 Wright, 230 

Pote, 13 
Geneaio-gies in preparation — 

Adams, xxxu. 345 ; Allen, cover Oct. 1572 ; An- 
drews, xxv. 192, xxxix. 293, 391 ; Acgel, coter 
Jan. 1>69; Anthony, xxxi. 221; Avery, coter 
JulyliTu; Axteli, xxxu. 2*2 ; AyK.-swunii,xxxv. 
91 
Babcock, xxxvi. 410 ; Bagg, xxvi. S3 ; Eaker, 
xxxi. 427, xxxvi. 326-, Baldwin, xxxiii. 243; 
Bal.ari, xl. 112 ; BalLu, xXXViik 36 ; Bar:ow, 
cuter July 1370; Barrett, cover July 1370, 
XXXix. 2'J3 ; Barton, xxxiv. 412 ; Bassett, 
XxxviiL 346 ; Bennett, xxxiv. ll)3 ; Benson, 
covtr July 1870 ; Billings, xxxviii. 345 ; Bing- 
ham, xxxii. 212 ; Bin^ey, xxxviii. 232, xi. 323 ; 
Blake, xxxii. 242 ; Boaraman, cover July- 1878 ; 
Bodge, xxxvii. 312 ; Boyden, XXXili. 1:4} ; H -yn- 
lo.i, xxxviii. 232 ; Bieckenridge, xxxiL 427 ; 
Breed, xxxviii. 316 ; Brown, xi. 4Ua ; Bruce, 
xxxd. 4^7; BuUley, xxv.i. l'JO, xxix. 321; 
Bui c h or Burley, xxxu. 427, xxxviii. 357; 
Bu.h^eii, Xxvii. 190; liuu-rheid. xxxiX. 293 ; 
Ca'-elL, xxxd. 427 ; Caief, xxvi. 433 j Campoell, 
xxxii. 242, xxxi. 220; Uacd.-e, xxx/, 2->2 : Car- 
peutcr, xxxui. 444 ; Carriu^io.i, xxxu. 427 ; 
Carter, xxxiv. 316, xxxvi. 3-0. xl; 323 : Cha2ee, 
xxx.-.i. iJj, xxxviii. -Ai ; Chandler. cocer July 
li70 ; Ctapmaa, XxxviiL 347 5 Chadtt, XXXir. 
412 ; Chester, xxxi. 429 ; Chi i 2 ey, xxxii ST7 ; 
ChristLaa, xxxii. 427 ', Churchill, xxxvni. 347 } 



General Index. 



Genealogies in preparation— 

ChurclmiaD, xxxii. 97 ; Chute, xxxvii. 312 ; 

Clarke, cover 18G9, xxxv. 387. xxxvi. 410 ; Clay, 

Xxxvii. 205 ; Cleaveland, xxxi. 220, xxxv. 91, 

xxxvi. 86, xxxix. 391 ; Codman, xxxviii. 

86; Coggcshall, xxxvii. 312 ; Coggewell, xxxv. 

387 ; Conant, xxxii. 97, xl. 212 ; Coley, xxx\ii. 

205 ; Corliss, xxviii. cover xxx. 4-39, xxxi. 334, 

xxxvi. 410 ; Cragie, xxxii, 97 ; Crai.e, xxviii. 

470 ; Crittenden, xxxii. 427 ; Crosby, xxxix. 

194 ; Cummings, xxxviii. 233 ; Cunnaljell, 

Xxxvii. 407, xxxix. 2^3 ; Curtis, cover October 

xxiii. ; Cutler, cover July xxiv. 
Damon, xxxv. 3S7 ; Danforth. xxxii 445; Djven- 

port, xxxi. 223 ; Dennet, xxxiii. It 9 ; Dennison. 

cover July xxiv.; Dod, T e, xxxii. 242, 343, xxxvi. 

66, xxxviii. 86; Poubleday, xxviii. 109 ; Doug. 

la33, xxx. 464, xxxi. 220 ; Dowd, xxxix. 294 ; 

Lupuy, xxxvii. 205 
Eaton, xxxvi. 86 ; Edes, xxiv. 426 ; Ellis, xxxvi. 

326 ; Eliot, xl. 113 ; Ely, xxxiii. 357 ; Emerson, 

xxxv. 91 ; Ensign, xxxvi. 86. 87 ; Estabrook, 

xxxix. 294 ; Evans, xxxiv. 412 
Farley, xxxvi. 87 ; Felt, xxxvi. 326 ; Father, 

xxxix. 391 ; Fitch, xxvi. 434 ; Fletcher, xxviii. 

470; Flourney, xxxii. 427 ; Floyd, xxxii. 427 ; 

Folsom, xxxiii. 243, xxxvi. 196 ; Foster, xxxii. 
97, xl. 113 ; Fowler, xxxiii. 109 ; Fuller, cover 
Oct. xxiii. 
Garland, xxxii. 427; Glenn, xxxiv. 206; Gleason, 
xxxvi. .87 ; Gibson, xxxiv. 103, 316 ; Gilmer, 
xxxii. 427 ; Goddard, xxxvii 312 ; Goode, 
xxxviii. 233, 312 ; Goodhue, xxxviii. S6 ; 
Goodrich, xxxviii. S6, xl. 213 ; Goouricke. 
xxxix. 84 ; Goodwin, xl. 32S ; Griswold, xxvii! 
190 ; Guild, xi. 328 
Hack, xxxii. 243 ; Hale, xxix. 109, xxxiii. 110, 
xxxv. 184 ; Hall, xxxiv. 316 ; Hartnoo, xxxvii. 
332; Hamed, xxxii. 97; Harris, xxxvii. 313, 
Xl. 112; Uast, xxxii. 427; Hay ward, xi. 213; 
Hazen, xxxiii. 109 ; Heuld, xxxix. 1J4 ; Henry, 
xxxii. 97, 427; Hepburn, xxxii. 97 ; Henick, 
xxvii. 421, xxxvii. 205, 407, xxxviii. 233, 347 ; 
Hoes, xxxii. 97 ; Hoi, ister, xxxvii. i'05; H p- 
kins, xxxv. 91 ; Hoyt, cover July xxiv. ; How- 
land, xxxiv. 206 ; Hubbell, xxxii. 427, xxxiv 
412; Huling, xxxvi. 410; Hull, cover Oct. 
xxiii. ; Humphreys, coter July xxiv. ; Hunt- 
ington, xxviii. 193 ; Huiuon or Iluutoon, cover 
Oct. xxiii. ; Hurlbut, xxxvi. 325 
Jacobs, xxxv. 91 ; Jessup, xl. 113 ; Johnston, 

xxxii. 427 
Kenney, xxxv. 184 ; Kidder, xl. 213 ; Kimball, xl. 
113 ; Kingsbury, xxxiv. 103 ; Knight, xxxiv. 
103 ; Knowlton, xxxii. 346 
Lamb, xxxviii. 86 ; Lathrop, xxvii. 317 ; Leach. 
Xl. 213 ; Learned, xxxv. 91; Leavitt, xxxiv. 316, 
xxxix. 391 ; Lee, xxxviii. 44J, xxxix 391, xl. 
329 ; Leihngwd!, xxxvii. 310 ; L'll .mmedicux, 
Xl. 213 ; LeValley, xxxviii. 233 ; Lewis, xxxii. 
427; Libby, xxxv. 282; Liliibridge, xxxi. 220; 
Livermore, xxxvi. 410 ; Locke, xxxv. 59; Lord, 
xxxii. 97; Lothrop, xxvii. 317; Loveiand, 
xxxviii. 347; Lucas, cover July xxiv.; Lut- 
trell, xxxv. 2S2 
McCaliey, xxxiv. 316 ; McCriHis, xxxiii 248 ; Mc- 
Cullagh, xxxii. 97 ; McDoweil, xxxii. 427 ; JIa- 
hon, xxxii 97 ; Mann, xxxii. 427 ; Marcy, cover 
July aiai Oct. xxiii. ; Marsh, xxxix. 234 ; Mar- ' 
tin, xxvii. 422, xxxvii. 91 ; Mayo, xxxii. 427 
xxxvu. 313 ; Mead, xxxiv. 316 ; Meeker,' I 
xxxviii. 347 ; Mercur, xxxiii. 444, xxxiv. 103 ; ! 
Merriaro, xxxiv. 412 ; xxxv. 91 ; Mid^r, xxxv. J 
184; Montgomery, xxxii. 97 ; Montague, xxxix. I 
291; Morris, xxxix 194 ; Morris .n, xxxiv. 317 
Aason, xl. 409 ; Neill, xxv. 296 ; Kclion, xxxiv. 
517 ; ftevall, xxxviii. 233 ; Newion, xxxix. 194 ; 
Mxon xxxviii. 233 ; Noble, xxx. 233 
Well, xxix 203 

Paca, xl. 323 ; Page, cover July xxiv ; Paine, 
xxxii. 243; Parham, xxxii. 346; Patterson, 
xxxvi. y^o ; Payson, xxxv. 91 ; Pearce, xxxii. i 
«V xxxix. 194; P,-irce, xxii. 97, covr Jan. I 
xxui., April xxiv., xxxv. 91 ; Peno, xxxi. 430 ', i 



Genealogies in preparation— 
Perhatu, xxxii. 346. xl. 409; Perley, xxxiii. 
444; Perkii.s, xxxvi. 87; Philbrck, xl. 213, 
xxxviii. So" ; l'h:!o, xxxvii. 205 ; Phillips, 
xxxviii. 233, 347 ; Piatt, xxxii. 427 ; Pope, 
xxxix. 84 ; Porter, xxxii. 464, xxxv. 2S2 ; 
Potter, xxxix. 294 ; Powers, xxxviii. 86 ; Pren- 
tice, xxxiii. 207, xxxvii. 90 ; Prestou, xxxii. 
427 ; 1'rii ce, xxxiv. 412 
Raulett, xxxviii. 86 ; Ransom, xxxvi. 326 ; Raw- 
son, cover Jan. xxvii.; Raymond, xl. 409; 
Reed, xxxii. 427, xxxviii. 347 ; RiilJell or Rid- 
die. xxxi. 223 ; Ridley, xxxi. 223 ; Ridlon, 
xxxi. 2.'3 ; Rives, xxxii. 427; Robinson, cover 
Jan. xxiii , xxxviii. 233, xxxix. 322, xl. 113; 
Rodenbousjh, xxxii. 97 ; Root, cover July aud 
Oct. xxiii. ; Rylands, xxxiii. 248 
Sanfoid, cover July xxiv. ; Savery, xxxv. 184 ; 
Sawyer, xxxiii. 109, xxxvi. 196 ; Sears, xl. 
213 ; Seduon, xxxu. 427 ; Seldou, xxxii. 98 ; 
Seymour, xxxiii. 444; Sh-.rpe, xxxiv. 317; 
Sheldon, xxxvii. 90 ; Shedd, xxxix. 194 ; Sher- 
wood, xxxwi. 90 ; Shfwall, xxxii. 97 ; Simpson, 
xxxiii. 110, 249; Sl'cum, xxxiv. 317. xxxix. 
194 ; Smith, xxxix. 194, xl. 213 ; Smyth, xxxiv. 
206 ; Spare, xxxv. 1S5 ; Spaulding, cover Jan. 
xxiii. ; Spooner, xxxiii. 243, xxxvii. 90 ; Squire, 
xxxii. 427 ; Staples, xxxv. 185 ; Starkweather, 
xxxvii. 407; Siarr, xxxiv. 412; Sttrry, xxxix. 
194 ; Sterne,' xxxiv. 412 ; Steven?, coter July 
and Oct. xxiii. ; Stevenson, xxviii. 329 ; SticK- 
ney, cover Jan. xxiii. ; Surf, xxx. 467 ; Stile3, 
xxxix. 194,391 ; Stimson, xxxiii. 110 ; xxviii. 
329, xxxv. 3S6 ; street, xxxiii 444 ; Streeter, 
xxxv. 2s2, xxxviii. 450 ; Swift, xxxv. 3S7 
Talcott, xxx. ll)4 ; Terrell, xxxvii. 313 ;' Terry, 
xxxix. 294. 391 ; Th mas, xxxiv. 412 ; Thurs- 
ton, xxxii. 95 ; Thwing, xxxiv. 317, xxxvii. 
205 ; Tillinghast, xxxvi. 410 ; Trahue, xxxvii. 
2u5 ; Treat, xxxvii. 407, xxxviii. 87 ; True, 
xxxviii. 347 ; Tucker, xxxii. 329 
Underwood, xxxviii. 233 
Van Dyke, xxxviii. 233 ; Van Eoosear, xxxvii. 

205 ; Yenable, xxxii. 427 
Waddington, xxxii. 427 ; "Wade, xxxix. 195 ; 
"Wakefield, cover July xxiv. ; Walklry, xxxii. 
9S ; Waller, xxx. 107 ; Waterman, xxxv. 185 ; 
Watkins, xxxii. 427 ; Watts, xxxii- 427 ; 
Weeks, xxxviii. S6, xxxix, 195 ; Wtilman. cov- 
er July xxiv. ; Wcntwonh. cover Jan. xxiii. 
Wetherbee, xxxiii. 110; Whitney, cover July 
xxiv , xxviii. 470 ; Wilder, xxxii. 346, coter 
Oct. xxx. ; Wilcox, xxxiii. 444 ; Wileoxson, 
Xxxviii. 233 ; Winslow, xxxii. 4-7 ; WithmgtoD, 
xxx. 235 ; Wooster, xxxvii 90 ; Wright, xxxiv. 

Genealogical G'eacers, notice, 327 

Genea ogical Gleanings in Englank, 34, l'S, 300,362 

German Immigrants 1752. note, 323 

Gieason Family, query, 324 

Green Family, queries, 407 

Greenwood, reply to query. 110 

Guide to English ar.d Foreign HeraMry, 326 

G^ilf urd (Conn.) Geneal fries, note, 209 

G urtiey, WiLiam, query, 210 

Hanbury, note, 106 

Harvard, J. hn, an 1 hia Ancestry, Part II., 362; 
notes on, ISO, 181, 321 

Harvard, John, aad Cambridge University, note, 
103. 207 

Has'.am, John, query, 108 

Ileref'Tdshire P« digrees, notice, 825 

IMlyer, query, 1U7 

IIi?torical Societies, Proceedings. — Chicago, 114, 215, 
331; Connecticct, 331; Maine, 215; New Eng- 
land Ili-t.ric G.n -alogical. 113, 213, 329; Old 
Colony, 3,0 ; Rhode Inland, 114. 215, 330, Vir- 
ginia, 114, 215, 331 

FLtxhcock Getealogy, excerpts from, 307 

Home tabular pedigree, 46 

Huguenot Emigration to Virginia, LOte, 110 

liulen, reply lo query, \\j) 



vi to X 



General Index. 



Illustrations— 
Aut^raphs— Richard BartMt, 203 5 ITenry Con- 
liffe, 258 ; J ->hn Ginaill, 253 ; Pendabake, mark, 
43; William A. Whitehead, 13; John West, 
43; A*hbel Woodward, 132 
Book Plates— Chandler, 297 5 Ho'yoke, 297; Isai- 
ah Thomas, 297 ; Wemworth. 297 
British Stamps for America (1765), 1C5 
Coats of Arras— Gov. \\ ill .ughby, 51 
Inscription — on Timothy Dexter'a tomb, 390 
Maps— Huston, neighborhood of, 102 ; Monta- 
na's Map New England Coast, 95 ; JNarragan- 
sett Swamp Fight, 74; John Smith's Map New 
England, 101 ; W insor's Map. 94 
Portraits— Peter Oliver, 239 5 William A. "White- 
head, 13 ; Ashbel Woodw .rd, 133 
Tabular Pedigrees— Bartlett Family, 201 ; Home 
Family, 47 ; Josselyn, 290 ; Rasing, 365 5 
Sewall Family, 47 ; vVilloughby Family, 50 
View of the Site of the old Swamp Fort, 75 
View of the early home of John Harvard's mother, 
349 
Indian Names cf Boston and their meaning, 94 
Ipswich, Mass., Founders of, note, 210 

Jacob, Henry, a suggestion as to, 137 
Jones, Nathan, query, 323 
Josselyn, Henry, pedigree of, 290 

King Philip's War, soldiers in, 75, 182, 313,391 
King Family, query, 324 

Lapham, query, 107 
Larmon, Elizabeth, 10S 
Latham, Deliverance, query, 325 
Leigbton Genealogy, note, 212 
Letters of— 

Samuel Brocklebank (1676), 313 

Daniel Denison (1676), 319 

Joseph Dudley (1675), 87, 89 

Eichard Jacob (1676), 391, 392 

Hugh Peters, 175 

Jos. Pote(i776), 19 

John Nuddock (1675), 317 
Longfellow, note, 322 
Loyalists, assembly of associates, query, 324 

Meade, query, 107 

Members of the New England Hist. Gen. Society, 

Obituaries of. (See Necrology.) 
Memoirs — 

Lord Timothy Dexter, 380 

Peter Oliver, 241, 349 

William A. Whitehead, 13 

Ashbel Woodward, 133 
Moulthrop, query, 408 
Muii30n, query, 323 

Name " Columbia," 310 
Narragansttt Swamp Fight, account of,.81 
Necrology of the New England Historic Genealog- 
ical Society— 

George Hayward Allan, 411 

John Jamts Babsoo, 415 

William Barry, 222 

Frauds Merri.l Bartlett, 410 

Thomas Wells Hartley, 119 

JoUiam Gould Chase, 218 

Isaac Child, 219 

Nathan Crosby, 223 

John Daggett, 222 

Robert Kendall Darrah, 332 

George Parkman Lenny, 116 

Henry Edwards, 221 

Nicholas Uoppin, 414 

Franklin B Hough, 113 

William Edwin Johnstone. 413 

Henry Purkitt Kidier, 413 

Edward Lawrence, 334 

John Allen Lewis, 221 

George Mountfbrt, 116 

George Buttrick Noyes, 117 

Willium Piirs,ns, 217 

Pearce Wentworth Penhallow, 220 

C&muel IrenaeuB Prime. 118 



Necrology, &c — 

George Carter Richardson, 414 

Ch irles Franklin Robertson, 334 

Elward Ashton Rollins, 333 

G.-or-e Sheffield, 416 

William Temple. 412 

Ebenezer Bancroft Towne, 119 

Joseph Warren Tucker, 217 

William Warren Tucker, 219 

John Gerrish Webster, 415 

Charles Octavius Whitmore, 412 
Newbury and the Bartlett Family, 192 
New England. A [true] relation concerning the 

estate of, 63 
New England Gleanings, 62, 269 
New England Historic Genealogical Societv — An- 
nual Address, 133 ; Necrology of, 115, 217, 332, 
4 10 ; Proceedings of, 113, 213, 330 
Newgate, John, note, 110 
New Word, note, 105 
NichoII, query, 107 

Norwich, Ct., Town Record, note on, 203 
Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters, 26, 

172, 294 
Note3 and Queries, 103, 205, 321, 406 

Obituary Notices. (See Necrology and Biographi- 
cal Sketches) 
Oliver, Peter, memoir, 241, 349 
Old Colony Historical Society, new building of, 403 

Palmer, query, 104 

Peters, Hugh, notes and documents concerning, 23, 

172, 234 
Petition of Daniel Warren and Joseph Peira, 401 
Plans of Towns in Massachusetts, note, 105 
Portraits. (See Illustrations.) 
Pote Family", 18 
Prescott. note, 104 
Prince, Diaries of Rev. Thomas, query, 325 

Queries. (See Notes and Queries.) 

Rainbcrowe Genealogy, 162 
Basing Pedigree, 365 
Read, William, note, 73 
Recent Publications, 236, 346, 425 
Records— Farmineton (Conn.), 31, 155, 359 ; Win- 
chester (N. H ),55 
Relation concerning New England, note on, 10? 
Robinson, George, query, 109 
Rockwood, Mrs. Sarah Chaplin, note, 105 
Rogers, query, 107 

Sankey Family, query, 109 
Scotch Record Examinations, note, 209 
Sears, Jacob, query, 210 
Sears Pedigree, some doubts concerning, 261 
Sewall Pedigree, tabular, 47 
Shepard, query, 324 

Signers of Independence and their descendants, bio- 
graphies and genealogies of, note, 112 
Smokes, taxing fireplaces, note, 321 
Soldiers in King Philip's War, 75, 182, 313, 391 
Sprague, reply to query, 110 
Stark, query, 103 
Stevens, query, 325 
Stride Family, query, 408 

Terry, Samuel, query, 325 

Tbacher, Thomas, Jr., query, 210 ; Peter, c+e, 210 

Town Histories in preparation— Durham, N.H., 212 5 
Hall, Mass., 323 

Tompson, Abigail, note, 322 

Town Records. (See Records.) 

Towns -nd, query, 107 

[True] Relation concerning the Estate of New Eng- 
land, 63 

Tafton, Capt. John, note, 406 

Unpublished Manuscripts in Eurone relating to 

America (1772-84), 112 
Upham, query and reply, 326 
Upton Genealogy, 147 



General Index, 



XI 



Virginia Newspapers and Postage (1607-1886), no- 
tice, 327 

Wadsworth, Capt. Samuel and the Sudbury Fight, 

391 ; at Narragansett, kc. 393 
Walkingame and Walkingham, 108 
Warren, reply to query, 110 
■Washington Family, note, '209 
Waters, Henry F., and his English Researches, 34, 

163, 300, 30-2 
Waters's Genealogical Gleanings — 

Allen, Thomas, 367 

Blake, Joseph (1750), 39 

Boomer, Rose (1595), 376 

Bowmer, Richard (1593), 375 

Carter, John (1691), 304 

Coaker, Jane (1651) 305 

Coytemore, Rowland (1626), 160 

Cutler, John (1645), 302 

Klmes, Sarah (1653), 305 

Feuner, Edward (1605), 367 

Gregory, Francklin (1624), 377 } (1635), 380 

Greene, Robert (1645), 372 

Goore, William (15S7), 38 

Guy, John (1625), 372 

Harvard, Thomas (1621), 370 

Harvey, Christiana, 376 

Herford, William (1518), 369 

Hervy, Thomas (15u5), 367 

Jones, George (1743). 40 

Jupe, Nicholas (1650), 44 

Lane, Dorothy (1605), 158 

Ludlowe, George (1655), 300 

Medcalfe, Peter (1592), 371 

Mew, Noell(1691),4S 

Newton, Francis (1660), 46 

Palmer, Aon (1624), 373 

Parker, Nathaniel, 49 

Parker, Agnes (1617), 373 

Parks, Edward (1650), 37 

Perne, Richard, Rachal, 49 

Plummer, Berjamin (1740), 49 

Rainborowe, Thomas (1623), 158 ; Martha (1626), 
150 ; William. (1633), lei 



Waters's Genealogical Gleanings — 

Rasing, Rose (1655). 365 

Rogers, Thomas (1639), 363 

Roper, Th'mas (1626), 42 

Rf.well, Thom.is (15<3), 371 

Sadler, John, 3G6 ; Miry. 367 

Sampson, Katherine (1627). 303 

Berier, Manane (1607), 303 

Sewall, Henry (1624), 45 

Smith, Richard (1660), 45 

Smythe, William (1626). 364 

Spinckes, Edmund (1671), 171 

Stockton, William (15°3). 41 

Stou.'hton, John (1639), 306 

Symonds, John (1691). 304 

Webb, Nathaniel ( .741). 48 

Whitmore, Anne (1624), 379 

Wile or.. Robert (1626). 41 

Winslow, Edward (1654), 306 

Winthrop. Steven (1658). 161 

Wood, Anthony (1625), 159 

Yardley, Ralph (1603 1 ). 372 

Yearwrx d, Richard. 371 
Weston Family Acniversary notice. 327 
Whitehead. William A., Memoir of, 13 
W'ilcox, Sjlvanus, query, 407 
Wilder, Marshall P., annual address of, 138 
Wills, Deeds and nther Probata Records, abstracts of 

and from. (See Waters,''* Gen. Gleaning*.) 
Bartlett Richard (1693), 200 
Hannura, William (1637), 253 
Kollister, John ( 1690). 62 
Minot, John (1656). 255 
Willoushby Genealoejr, 50 
Wilton English Parish Registers, 212 
Winchestor, N. H., record, 56 
Wing, John, reply to, 325 
Wiswall Genealogy, 5S 
Wood, note on, 104 ; query, 324 
Woodward, Ashbel. memoir of, 133 
Woodyear. query, 108 
Wright Genealogy, 280 
Wright. Joshua Granger, query, 108 
Wyatt Family, note, 43 



i'-'-'V-^ ■" 









"VS 






XI 



') 






/7&?he^f<J« 



«^> 



THE 

HISTORICAL A:sI) GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JANUARY, 188G. 



MEMOIR OF WILLIAM A. WHITEHEAD, A.M. 

By his Niece. 

^TILLIAM ADEE WHITEHEAD, Lite Corresponding Sec- 
\ * retaiy of the Xew Jersey Historical Society, was a man of 
no ordinary attainments. He -was born in Newark, Xew Jersey, 
Feb. 19, 1810, His father was William Whitehead, cashier of the 
Newark Banking and Insurance Company, and his mother, Abby, 
daughter of Benjamin and Bethia Coe. The attractive old-fashioned 
brick house in which he was born, serving both for business purposes 
and family home, has since been removed, and on its site are the 
rooms of the Xew Jersey Historical Society. It is a pleasant coin- 
cidence that it was on that same spot, especially during the last years 
of his life, that Mr. Whitehead devoted so many hours to the histo- 
rical writing and research in which he took so deep an interest. 

His early education seems to have been but meagre. When a 
email child he attended several primary schools, and when about ten 
years old became a pupil in the old ,r Newark Academy,'"' situated 
where the Post Office now stands. The two Scotchmen who kept 
the school, Andrew Smith and his son, were extremely superficial in 
their method of teaching, and on the approach of the seasons for 
examination, special preparation, popularly known as "cramming," 
was resorted to for the occasion. Quiet and order were apparently 
unknown, and the punishment administered for offences and short- 
comings was that of the " cat-o'-nine tails." After less than two 
years of this very unsatisfactory tuition young "Whitehead graduated, 
being just twelve years old. To his own diligent application in 
after years, either alone or with comrades of like tastes, he owed 
tnat knowledge of history, science and general literature which ren- 
'.ercd him the cultured and agreeable companion to whom so many 
looked fur sympathy, counsel and instruction. Thorough, exact and 
efficient as surveyor, draftsman, merchant, banker, historian and 
writer, who would think that his early advantages had been so few 
and limited ! When a youth of fifteen or sixteen the trust reposed 

VOL. XL. 2 



14 Memoir of William A. Whitehead, A.JT. [Jan. 

in him was very unusual. His father had removed to Perth Amboy, 
where he became cashier of the Commercial Bank of New Jersey, 
and to his sun was given the responsible position of travelling circu- 
lator of the bills of the bank. Thus he was in the habit of jour- 
neying to Woodbridge and Railway, carrying hundreds of dollars to 
be exchanged at those towns for bills deposited to the credit of the 
Amboy Bank in New York. A short time after this he was ap- 
pointed bank messenger, and made weekly journeys to Xew York by 
steamboat, there being then no railway communication between the 
two cities. In his leisure hours he devoted much time to the diligent 
study of French, Elocution and Drawing, while to his young friends 
in Amboy his literary work was a source of much pleasure and 
profit. His genial wit, keen sense of humor and affectionate dis- 
position made him a most agreeable companion and caused him to 
be generally beloved. 

In the autumn of 1828 he joined his elder brother in Key West, 
with the view of engaging in mercantile business. When lie arrived, 
however, the knowledge which he had acquired by his own efforts was 
signally useful to himself and to others, and he was found to be 
fully competent to run the dividing lines between the lots and portions 
of the respective proprietors of the island. With great modesty 
and distrust of his powers he undertook a new survey, which was 
successfully completed in March, 1820, and is still considered 
authoritative. When scarcely twenty-one he entered upon the duties 
of Collector of the Port of Key AYest, an office which he held until 
July, 1838.. During the ten years of his life in Key West, he spent 
much of his leisure time in diligent study and reading, and in efforts 
for the promotion of the good of his fellow citizens. There he be- 
gan those meteorological observations which he carried on for more 
than forty years. He was a member of the town council, mayor 
of the city, and was deeply interested in the establishment of a news- 
paper and the advancement of education in the island. He also 
united with several others -in establishing an Episcopal church, of 
which he was a devout member, and which was the first congregation 
organized in Key West. In grateful recognition of Mr. Whitehead's 
public spirit and beneficent labor in these early days, his name was 
given to a point of the island and also to a street in the town. 

Mr. Whitehead was married August 11, 1834, in Perth Amboy, 
to Margaret Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. James Parker, of that 
city, and with his bride returned to Florida in the autumn of the 
same year. Concerning his sojourn in the South he writes : '' The 
ten years of my life, during which I considered Key West my home, 
laid the foundation of my future usefulness. What success in life I 
may have achieved is due to application to reading and study, to the 
responsibilities which my official position rendered it necessary for 
me to assume, and the fixed determination to render myself worthy, 
if possible, of the regard of those with whom I was connected.'' 



1886.] Memoir of William A. Whitehead, A.M. 15 

In 1838 lie began business as stockbroker in New York, and lived 
in the city for nearly five years, during which time he had access to 
the library of the Xew York Historical Society, and conceived the 
idea of writing the early history of Xew Jersey, a plan afterwards 
executed by him. About this time a number of contributions from 
his pen appeared in the Xeicarh Dally Advertiser, under the title 
of "Glimpses of the Past." Numerous articles followed these on 
History, Meteorology, Biography, Political and Ecclesiastical mat- 
ters, besides various other topics of local interest. His monthly 
weather reports began in June, 1843, and were continued until his 
death. After 1843 his home was in Newark, although he continued 
for several years to do business in Xew York. In 1848 he entered 
the service of the Astor Insurance Company. The following year 
he received the appointment of Secretary of the Xew Jersey Pail- 
road and Transportation Company ; and in 1855 that of Treasurer 
of the Harlem Kailroad, which he held for three years, when he re- 
sumed connection with the Xew Jersey Railroad. His fine head and 
erect figure as he sat in his office gave him a military appearance, 
which was singularly in accordance with the spirit of the period. 
His keen but kindly eye will be long remembered by those with whom 
he had any intercourse and by the officers and soldiers of the late 
civil war, when the transportation of troops and supplies formed a 
large part of the business of the railroad. In 1871 Mr. Whitehead 
resigned his position on the railroad, and until 1879 was connected 
with the American Trust Company of Xew Jersey. 

In January, 1845, a meeting was held in Trenton to organize an 
Historical Society for Xew Jersey. The subject had been introduced 
a short time previous by the Pev. D. V. McLean, of Monmouth 
County. To it Mr. Whitehead gave his earnest and enthusiastic 
attention. He was chosen Corresponding Secretary of the new 
organization, and held the office until his death. A large amount 
of valuable material had been collected by him for a history of the 
province of Xew Jersey, and at the suggestion of Mr. Charles King, 
afterwards President of Columbia College, these manuscripts were 
adopted by the Society for the first volume of its printed collections, 
and issued in 184G under the title of "East Jersey under the Pro- 
prietary Governments." 

In 184G the Xewark Library Association was organized. This 
invaluable institution originated with the late Pev. Dr. Samuel 
Irenams Prime, then living in Xewark. His efforts were ardently 
seconded by Mr. Whitehead, and their labors to obtain subscribers 
to the necessary capital stock were unremitting. The charter was 
obtained in 1847, and the Xewark Library stands to-day a fitting 
memorial of its indefatigable founders. Mr. Whitehead was the 
first Secretary of this association, and for some time before his death 
President of the Board of Directors. The library contained in 
January, 184 ( J, 1900 volumes ; in January, 1855, li,500 volumes; 



16 Memoir of WitUam A. Whitehead, A.M. [Jan. 

in January, 1S75, 21,000 volumes; in January, 1885, 2G.G0G 
volumes. Books taken out in 1881, 31,421 — an increase over pre- 
vious year of 3,400. 

In 1860 Mr*. "Whitehead was elected member of the Board of 
Education and represented the first Ward of Newark fur ten years, 
when he was chosen President of the Board ; he declined a re- 
election in 1871. From 1862 till 1871 he was one of the Trustees 
of the State Normal School, and on the death of the Hon. Bichard 
S. Field, became President of that board, a position which he held 
during the remainder of his life. His services, in connection with the 
Essex county Bible Society, Trinity church, Xewark, and the Dio- 
cesan Conventions of Xew Jersey and Xorthern Xew Jersey to 
which he was a delegate, if not so conspicuous, were nevertheless 
indicative of his large public spirit and religious character. 

In 1858 there appeared a most exhaustive " Analytical Index to 
the Colonial Documents of Xew Jersey in the State Paper offices of 
England, compiled by Henry Stevens, edited, with notes, by Vfm. 
A. Whitehead." This work of more than 500 pages, the fruit of 
years of immense industry and determined zeal, is of the greatest 
interest and importance to the antiquarian. It could not be accom- 
plished without laborious research in England, and aid was solicited 
from the State for that end; but for seven years all efforts failed, 
and the completion of the volume is due to the liberality of the late 
James G. King, Esq. Finally in 1872 an appropriation was made 
by the Legislature through the instrumentality of Hon. Nathaniel 
Xiles, "for the purpose of obtaining, arranging and publishing any 
papers relating to the history of Xew Jersey." Mr. Whitehead then 
engraved in editing the *' Documents relating to the Colonial Ilistorv 
of Xew Jersey," the Index to which has just been mentioned. The 
first volume was published in 18 SO ; six others followed in rapid 
succession, and the eighth was ready for the press in 1883. Illness 
prevented the completion of the ninth volume which was in prepa- 
ration, and he was obliged to forego the industrious prosecution of 
his favorite pursuit. Declining health induced him in 1879 to 
resort to a European voyage in the company of his wife and son. 
To visit the scenes familiar to him through books of travel and cor- 
respondence with men of letters, afforded him new and enduring 
gratification, and it was a constant pleasure to him after his return, 
to recall to mind the venerable cathedrals and beautiful scenery, as 
well as novel and amusing experiences which he had enjoyed so 
much while abroad. But the journey failed to bring permanent 
benefit to his health; gradually he failed more and more in strength, 
until July, 1884. On the 2d of that month, he was borne by loving 
friends to his beautiful summer home in Perth Amboy, where on the 
8th of August, 1884, he gently passed away. On the 11th (hia 
Golden Wedding day), he was laid to rest in the peaceful church- 
yard of St. Peter's. * 



1886.] Memoir of William A. Whitehead* A.M. 17 

In liis social and domestic relations, Mr. Whitehead was most 
affectionate and hospitable. Humble-minded and jreneroua, to him 

and to his beloved wife "the cry of suffering was always the cry of 
Christ for help." In their early married life, when they had no 
money to bestow, they resolved to give their time, advice and sym- 
pathy to those who were in need. "Inasmuch as ye have done it 
unto the least of these My brethren ye have done it unto Me.*' 

"We may form some idea of Mr. Whitehead's industry and patience 
from the fact that to each of his many books on the shelves of the 
Society, he prepared a complete index and table of contents. Be- 
sides his larger works he wrote numerous important pamphlets, 
and more than six hundred articles and letters contributed to the 
newspapers between 1837 and 1882, chiefly historical and bio- 
graphical in character. His duties as secretary of the Society- 
demanded a voluminous correspondence for nearly thirty years, and 
his printed reports of the meetings give internal evidence of method 
and perseverance. We must not omit mention of numerous papers 
which hate added much value and interest to the meetings, and may 
be found in the publications of the Historical Society of New Jersey. 
The subjects of these, as well as the titles of his larger works, are 
here subjoined. 

1. — East Jersey under the Proprietary Governments. 1816. 311 pages. 
(A second edition revised and enlarged in 187-3, 486 pages.) 

2. — The papers of Lewis Morris, Provincial Governor of New Jersey; 
edited by W. A. W. 1852. 336 pages. 

3. — Contributions to the Early History of Perth Amboy and Adjoining 
Country, with sketches of men and events in New Jersev during the 
Provincial Era. 18-36. 428 pages. 

4. — Analytical Index to the Colonial Documents of New Jersey in the 
State paper offices of England. Compiled by Henry Stevens. Edited, 
with notes, etc., by Win. A. Whitehead. 1858. 504 pages. 

5. — The Records of the Town of Newark, N. J., from its settlement in 1 666 
to its incorporation as a city in 183o. 294 pages. By Win. A. White- 
head and Samuel H. Cougar.' IS 64. 

C. — Documents relating to the Colonial History of New Jersey. 8 volumes. 
1880 to 1884. 

The following is a list of his papers : 

1. — A Biographical Sketch of William Franklin. Governor from 1763 to 
1776. Read before the Society, Sept. 27. 1848. 

2. — A Biographical Notice of Thomas Boone. Governor of New Jersey in 
1760-61. Read May 17, 1840. 336 pages. 

3. — The Robbery of the Treasury of East Jersev, in 1768. Read Sept. 
12.1850. 

4. — The Facilities for Travelling, and the Transportation of Mails and Mer- 
chandise before the Revolution. Read Sept. 11, 1851. 

5. — A Biographical Memoir of William Burnet, Governor of New York 
and Now Jersey, 1720 to 1728. Read Sept. 8, 1852. 

6- — Paper, embodying an Account of the Voyage of the Henry and Francis, 
1684, with Sketches of some of her Passengers. Read Jan. 19, 1854. 



18 The Pote Family. [Jan. 

7. — A Biographical Sketch of Robert Hunter, Governor of New York and 

New Jersey. 1709 to 1719. Read May 17, 1855. 
8. — The Appointment of Nathaniel Jones as Chief Justice of New Jersey 

in 1759. Read May 21, 1S57. 

9. — A Brief Statement of the Facts connected with the Origin. Practice 

and Prohibition of Female Suffrage in New Jersey. ■ Read Jan. 21, 

1858. 
10. — The Circumstances leading to the Establishment, in 17<":\ of the 

Northern. Boundary line between New Jersey and New York. Read 

May 19, 1859. 
11. — A Brief Sketch of the Summer-house of Cockloft Hall, &c. Read May 

15, 1862. 
12. — Eastern Boundary of New Jersey: A Review of a Paper on the 

Waters of New Jersey. Read before the Historical Society of New York 

by the Hon. John Cochrane; and a rejoinder to a Reply of ,k A member 

of the New York Historical Society," bv VV. A. Whitehead. August, 

1865. 
13. — A Historical Memoir of the Circumstances leading to and connected 

with the Settlement of Newark, May, 1666. Read May 17, 18&dL 
14. — An Answer and Explanation concerning certain Documents presented 

to the New York Historical Society, with reference to the title oi New 

York to Staten Island. Read May 16, 1867, 
15. — A Review of some of the circumstances connected with the Settle- 
ment of Elizabeth, N. J. Read May 20, 1869. 
16. — The Circumstances preceding and leading to the Surrender of the 

Proprietary Government of New Jersey to the Crown in 1703. Read 

Jan. 15, 1874. 
17. — Sketch of the Life of Richard Stockton, one of the Signers of the 

Declaration of Independence from New Jersey. Read Jan. 18, 1^7 7. 
18. — -The Resting Place of the Remains of Christopher Columbus. Read 

May 16, 1878. 



THE POTE FAMILY, 

By Isaac Bassett Choate, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

THE following letter will be found to relate to a family of a 
name which the writer observes is " singular and not com- 
mon." The Captain Samuel Pote, to whom it was addressed, was 
a ship-master of Marblehead at the time of the Revolution. I: ap- 
pears that he had before the writing of this made a voyage to Liver- 
pool, and from the report of his arrival at that port reaching Mr. 
Joseph Pote at Eton, this correspondence began. Captain P< :e. it 
seems, expected to be in London in the spring of 1776. There 
Could not have been much intercourse between the colonies ami Eng- 
land during those years of war ; but at any rate, the letter reached 
the person for whom it was intended. The original is in the posats- 
sion of a granddaughter of Captain Samuel Pote, Miss Dorcas Pote, 
a lady of advanced years now residing in Hyde Park. The "per- 



1386.] The Pote Family. 19 

feet impression of the family arms M is also in tins lady's hands. 
The brother of Captain Pote, to whose changed circumstances ref- 
erence is made in the letter, would seem to have been a Jeremiah 
Pote who had left the colony on account of his tory sentiments, and 
who, according to the traditions of the family, spent the rest of his 
life a loyalist in New Brunswick. In the will of Samuel Pote his 
brother Jeremiah is mentioned as " not to be come at." There is, 
however, among the letters of the family one addressed by Samuel 
to his brother, in which he entreats him to return, saying that the 
feeling' towards the loyalists who left is far less bitter than towards 
the tories who remained ; and he adds that he is authorized to assure 
his brother of the good will of Col. Orne and of Mr. Gerry. The 
fact of the original letter being now in New England may be taken 
as evidence that Jeremiah Pote returned and declared allegiance to 
the government of the United States of America. 

Captain Samuel Pote was a proprietor, either original or by pur- 
chase, of North Yarmouth, Maine. In his will he devised his lands 
in that township to his sons, and one or more of these settled in that 
part of the town since made Freeport, near the end of the last cen- 
tury. It may be doubted if a descendant of Capt. Pote bearing 
the name is now living in Maine ; and as in England so in Xew 
England, "the name is singular and not common." 

To Mr. Samuel Pote, 
Sir: 

On the receipt of yours I looked into some papers that I have 
long had by me respecting the family. The most ancient of which is a 
writing on the marriage of William Pote and Johanna Cheridon in the 
Reign of Richard II. Am. Dora. 1334. They were then settled at Claicson, 
Devonshire and from that time continued by regular succession at Claicson 
till the year IG20, at which time there were three brothers. John, Thomas 
and Roger. John the eldest brother by Richarda, Daughter and Heir of 
Tito* Downe Esrf, had a daughter named Charity, his only child and con- 
sequently his Heir- This Charity, as near as I can recollect, about the 
year 1CG0 married into the family of the Rowes of Indyllon in Cornwall, 
and the estate whatever it was went from the family on this marriage. 
Thomas and Roger the two younger brothers were now at large to provide 
for themselves, and took themselves, it is reasonable to suppose, into Corn- 
wall also; and themselves, or sons rather, continued in part to settle there, 
and as I have it from the tradition of my own Father, they were dispersed — 
Krnie went to the West Indies, and one of the family went into Holland, and 
I have some reason to believe prospered in that country. You see, Sir, I 
now write on uncertainties, and must return to the brothers, Thomas and 
Roger, from whom I date that your branch of the family and my own are 
descended. In respect to myself I only know that my Father's Father 
lived at Truro in Cornwall; had some employ or station in the court of the 
Jin mines. Kis name is Kphraim; he had several children, among whom 
Was my Father, named Joseph, and a brother of the name of Ephraim also, 
•dy Father died now sixty years since and left me with a sister onlv (since 
dead) a youth. I should have observed that on the dispersion of the 



20 The Pole Family. [Jan. 

family, my Father with two sisters came to London, where he settled and 
was of good Report and Employ in the trade of a stay-maker. One of the sis- 
ters named Gertrude was married and lived in good credit also. The other 
sister Anne lived many years in the family of the Lord Arund.-il of Tru- 
ro (?) a noble family of Cornwall, and who was exceeding kind to the fam- 
ily in general (from long knowing their former estate). This Aune dying 
unmarried left considerable to her two brothers, Ephraim of Truro, my 
father and the sister Gertrude. Thus have I entered into as minute a rela- 
tion of circumstances as I can recollect* and in respect to myself have been 
nearly fifty years happily settled in badness at this college, and have many 
children— three sons and four daughters, all happily settled in life except 
one daughter who at present is with me. During this long course of life I 
have had regard to hear if there was any other of -the family Hying and 
have made enquiry in Devon and Cornwall to that purpose, but getting no 
intelligence from any quarter, have for years past concluded myself the 
only one remaining branch, as I before mentioned, of an ancient family who 
lived in those western parts of the kingdom many centuries with character 
and station, as I find they intermarried with .... of the respectable fami- 
lies in those counties till the con .... chance of life dispersed them in the 
manner I have related. The article in the papers of your arrival in Liv- 
erpool occasioned my late letter of enquiry, as after many ye: rs fruitless 
attention it gave me reason to believe I was not the sole branch of the fam- 
ily, as I had long conceived ; and as the name is singular arid not common. 
I conclude we are equally descended from the same stock, and ere one and 
the same family, tho' not so immediately connected in relationship. Wheth- 
er the above particulars may lead you and your brothers to the same senti- 
ment I should be glad to be informed of in due time. And as the address 
you give me to yourself leads me room to think your employ may some time 
bring you to London. I should be glad to have an opportunity to give you 
a meeting and with pleasure promote an acquaintance that I trust from 
namesake only (if no other considerations ensued) may be agreeable to 
both. 

You mention a change of circumstances respecting your brothers hi the 
neighborhood of Boston from the present unhappy differences with the col- 
onies. Unhappy indeed they are, I declare farther that I deem them un- 
natural and destructive to this Kingdom and her interest in general. But 
this is a subject I would 'choose not to enter into. I remain in hopes of 
future correspondence. Sir 

Your namesake and most humble servant 

JOS. POTE. 

Eton near "Windsor 
Mar. 177G. 

P. S. If in the course of your employ you should come to London, as 
I have above mentioned, on a line 1 would give you a meeting being fre- 
quently there myself On business for a week or more at a time. 

Lest the seal should be broke I besides give you the above perfect im- 
pression of the family arms. 
) (Addressed) 

For Capt n Samuel Pote, 
to the care of Mess" Lane Son & Eraser, 

Merchants in London. 



1886.] Genealogy of the Andrews Family. 21 



GENEALOGY OF THE ANDREWS FAMILY. 

By Lieut. George Andrews, U.S.A., of Fort Snclling, Min. 

nPHIS Genealogy is devoted to the descendants of John and Ilan- 
JL nah Andrews, of Boston, and mainly to the descendants of their 
son, Capt. John Andrews, of Taunton, Mass. 

1. John 1 Andrews, the progenitor of this family, is found in Boston, 

Mass., in 1G56. lie was a cooper by occupation. The bible record 
still in possession of the Providence (K.I.) branch, says, u A 
sea-cooper, and came from Wales to America." He died in Boston, 
June 26, 1679, and the inventory of his effects includes *' tooles and 
cooper's stufFe," dwelling house and ground, and household ejects. 
He married Hannah, daughter of Edmund Jackson, of Boston, by 
his wife Martha, who afterward married John Dickinson. They 
had children : 

i. Joun, 2 b. 21 Nov. 1656 ; d. youDg. 

ii. Hannah, b. Feb. 20, 1657. 

iii. Susannah, b. Aug. 12, 1659. 

iv. Martha, b. Doc. 5, 1H60 ; probably m. Thomas Raper. 

T. Marv, bapt. 0—4, 1661. 

2. vi. John, b. Sept. 20, 1662 ; d. 1712 ; m. Alice Shaw, of Weymouth, 
vii. James, b. Dec. 1, 1664; d. young. 

viii. Edmund, b. Nov. 4, 1665. 
ix. James, b. March 17, 1666. 

3. x. Samukl, b. May 18, 1668. 

2. Capt. John 2 Andrews (John 1 ), born Sept. 20, 1662, in Boston, and 

was a housewright. In 1692 he purchased several tracts of land 
and a dwelling house in "new Bristol,'* Mass. (now Bristol, R. I.), 
of Thomas Le^is, of Mendon, and resided there. In 1701 lie sold 
his property and purchased a farm in Taunton, Mass., including a 
water privilege on the bank oi' Three Mile River, where with .Na- 
thaniel Linkon he built, a gristmill and sawmill; and the location 
was called k Andrews' Mills " about a hundred years — now " West- 
ville." Here he resided the remainder of his life. Capt. Andrews 
held various town offices : was chairman of the board of selectmen 
four years ; also deputy sheriff; a man highly esteemed. He died 
25 July, 1742, at the age of 80 years. He married Alice, daughter 
of John and Alice Shaw, of Weymourh. horn July 6, 1666, and died 
Feb. 1, 1735, aged 69 years. He married second, Mary, widow of 
Jacob Barney, and daughter of Rev. Samuel Danforth, fourth min- 
ister of Taunton. His will was probated August 17, 1742. By his 
wife Alice he had children : 

i. Alice, 3 m. Nathaniel Linkon, of Taunton, by whom she had : 1. Aa- 
thaniet* Linkon; 2. Ichabod* Linkon; 3. Alice* Lin/con, m. Benjioiin 
Brings, of Rehoboth, .Mass. ; 4. Mary* Linkon, m. Peter Piatt of 
Taunton; 5. Constant* Linkon, in. baajucl Turrey, of Taunton* 6. 
Morcha* Linkon, in. Richard Liscumbe, of Taunton; 7. Susannah* 
Linkon, m. George Burt, of Tauntun. 

4. ii. Jbiix.h. 1686; d. 1763: m. Hannah Hall. 

5. iii. Edmund, d. Jan. 14. 1750, in 58th year ; m. lirst, Esther Harvey ; m. 

second, Hannah Linkun. 
VOL, XL. 3 



22 Genealogy of the Andrews Family. [Jan. 

6. iv. Samcel. d. 1756; m. first, Eliznhcth Emerson ; m. second, Miry Pitts. 
v. ISeth, d. Taunton, March 5, 1719, aged 16; in. Sarah Linkon, of Taun- 

t.m. by whom he had : I. Sarah. 4 

\i. Hannah, m. Jonathan Linkon. He d. 1773, aged 87. They lived in 
Norton. Mass. She had children : I. Jonathan^ Linkon. b. 27 Janua- 
ry, 1713, in. Mary Stephens; 2. James* Linkon, b. March 1, 1715; 

3. Eikanah 4 Lmkon, b. July 2, 171M, in. Lidia : 4 Ahtel* Lin- 

fc>n, b. March 5, 1719, m. Sarah Fisher; 5. Hannah 4 Linkon, b. Aug. 
29, 1723; 6. George 4 Linkon, b. Aug. 20, 1727; 7. Job* Linkon, b. 
July 14, 1730. 

vii. Martha, m. Thomas Jones, of Dighton, Mass. 

viii. Susannah, single. 

The records of births, deaths and marriages in Taunton were 
destroyed by fire in 1838, and mauy dates could not be obtained. 

3. Samuel 2 Andrews (Jo/in 1 ) was boru May 18, 1663, and was a 

housewright by occupation. He was in Milton, Mass., from 1707 
to 1711, and in Dorchester in 1716; signed the covenant in Can- 
ton, Mass., in 1717, and died about 1725. He married Elizabech, 
widow of Joseph Ludden, of Weymouth, Mass. They had children : 

7. i. Saml-el, 3 b. VV r eymouth, Mass., Feb. 17, 169S ; m. Mehiuble Trott. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. in W. Oct. 15, 1700 ; m. John Strowbridge. 

8. iii. Joshua, m. Hannai Truesdaie. 

9. iv. James, m. Abigail Jrane. 

v. Hannah, m. first, John Harris; m. second, Shubael Wentw>rth, of 
Stoughton. She had one child by first husband: 1. John 4 Harris, of 
Dedhaui, Mass. 

4. Dea. John 3 Andrews (John, 2 John 1 ), horn 1686. lie was one of the 

first settlers of Norton, Mass., and deacon of the first church in that 
town, where he died in 17.63. He married Hannah, daughter of 
Lieut. John Hall, of Taunton. She died Sept. 10, 1772. They 
had children : — " 

i. Hannah, 4 born in Norton, July 3, 1713 ; m. Ichabod Franklin, of Attle- 

buro'. 
ii. John, b. in N. July 28, 1714 ; d. Aug. 31, 1720. 
iii. LvrniA, b. in N. Feb. 7, 1717; d. July 6, 1772, aged 55: m. William 

Hedges, of Taunton. 

10. iv. Joseph, b. in N\ January 15, 17 9; d. 1500; m. Sarah T >rrey. 

11. v. John, b. in N. January 12, 1722; d. 1756; m. Mary Webber. 

5. Capt. Edmond 3 Andrews (John, 2 John 1 ) died in Taunton, Mass., 

January 14, 1750, in 58th year; married first, Esther Harvey, of 
Taunton; married second, Hannah Linkon. of Tauntou. She died 
Feb. 16, 1762, aged 70. By wife Esther he had: 

12. i. Fdmond, 4 m. Keziah Dean, of Raynham, Mass. 

ii. Esther, m. Thomas Linkon, of Taunton, Aug. 16, 1733. 

By wife Hannah he had : 

iii. James, m. Oct. 6, 1743, Mary Reed. She d. Oct. 12, 1771. 

iv. Freklove, m. Capt. Samuel French, of Berkley, Mass., a man promi- 
nent in church and town affiirs. They had children: I. Freelove 5 
French, b. 1747, m. in 1765 Soth Paul in Taunton : 2 Hannuh b 
French, b. 1749: 3 Samue/ b French, b. 175T; 4. Edinond b French, b. 
175-1 ; 5. Cyrus b French, b. 1756 ; 6. Racher French, b. 1753 : 7. Rog- 
er* French, b. 1760; 8. Matilda b French, b. 1764; 9. Aimer* French, 
b. 1767. 

V. Mary, b. Taunton, Feb. 14, 1721 : m. Dea. Joseph Hall* in 1719. She 
d. Dec. 21, 1814. They had children : 1. Peris b Hall, b. August 21, 

* Genealogy of the Halls of Taunton. 



1886.] Genealogy of the Andrews Family. 23 

1750 ; d. 179-2: m. Zilpha Dean, daughter of Ebenezer Dean of Rayn- 
hani, Mass. ; 2. Mary* Hull, twin (if Peris, (J. Dee. 1830 : m. May 24. 
1770, Capt. David Leonard, of Bridgewater. Mass*. : 3. Elizabeth* 
Hull, b. Fob. 17, 1752; d. March. 1848, aged 96; m. 1776, Nathaniel 
Dean, son of Ebenezer, of Kaynham ; 4. Josias b Hall. b. April 12. 
1751; d. July 2, 1809; ra. Dee. 8, 1701, Susannah* (20). daughter of 
Capt. Joseph" Andrews, of Norton, Mas*. ; 5. Hannah 3 Hell, b. Nor. 
23, 1755; d. 1847; ui. Cant. Zebulon Field ; 6. Sarah* Hall, b. 1758, 
d. 1708, unm. ; 7. Anna 5 Hail, h. April, 1761, d. 1823, unm. 
vi. Miriam, not in. in 1750, when her father's will was made. 

13. vii. Samuel, d. Taunton, Feb. 5. 1700. in 71st year; in. Abigail Cobb, 
viii. Hannah, d. Taunton, Oct. 7, 1705, in 35th year. 

6. Samuel 3 Andrews (John,* John 1 ), married first, Elizabeth Emerson. 

Sbe died March 14, 1724. lie married second. Mary, daughter of 
Ebenezer Pitts, of Dighton, Mass. The exact date of his death is 
wanting, but in the settlement of his estate, Sept. 6. 1757, his wid- 
ow Alary states that she " Paid to Capt. James Andrews (besides 
all the wages due to said deceased for his services as a soldier in 
the Crown Point Expedition in 1755) for going to Albany after 
deceased £0 14s. 5d." From the bible record it appears he had by 
Elizabeth : 

i. Samuel, 4 ii. Elizabeth, iii. Ruth, 

but no other record of them has yet been fouud. By wife Mary he 
had : 

14. iv. Ecenkzer, 4 b. in Dighton, T an. 10, 1726; m. first, Elizabeth Shaw ; m. 

second, Mary Francis. 

15. v. John, b. in D. March 13, 1720 ; d. June, 1707 : m. Elizabeth Talbot. 

16. vi. Elkanau, b. in D. March 4. 1731 ; d. June 8. 1787 ; m. Alice Beal. 
vii. Stephen, b. in D. Dec. 22. 1734: d. Dec. 22. 1737. 

viii. M\rv, b. in D. Nov. 30, 1730 ; d. Nov. 30. 1737. 

17. ix. Zephaniah, b. in D. Feb. 0, 1738: d. Jan. 23, 1810; m. Elizabeth Eddy. 

x. Marv, b. in D. August 2. 1741 ; d. in D. Oct. 3, 1813 ; m. Peirce. 

xi. Jod, b. in D. April 2, 1744. 

7. Samuel 3 Andrews (John 2 , John 1 ), born iu Weymouth. Mass., Feb. 

17, 1698 : died in Stougbton, Mass., January 1. 1739-40, in 42d 
year; married Mehitable Trott, if Stougbton. She was baptized in 
Milton, Nov. 13, 1G98, and was the daughter of John Trott and 
Mehitable Rigbye. and granddaughter of Samuel Rigbye. and great- 
granddaughter of John Rigbye, of Dorchester. She married second, 
1744, Philip Goodwin, of Stougbton. They had children: 

i. Samuel, 4 b. in Stoughton. March 25, 1727; d. 1728. 

ii. Samuel, b. in S. April 23. 1720 ; d. April 30, 1734. 

iii. Sarah, b. in S. August 29, 1731. 

iv. Eleanor, b. in S. Sept. 16, 1733 ; m. March 5, 1752, Ephraim Jones. 

ofS. 
v. Patience, b. in S. July 20. 1736 ; buried March 21. 1758, aged 21 years. 
vi. Rlizabeth, b. in S. Oct. 23, 1739. bapt. Jan. 6, 1710; m. John Nash, of 

AVeymouth, his third wife. She d. Dec. 10, 1795 — the record says 

aged 90 years. ? 

8. JosriCA. 3 Andrews (Samuel. 2 John 1 ), probably married March 10, 

1726, Hannah Truesdale, at Boston. She was of Newton, but after 

marriage lived in Milton, Mass. They had: 
i. Edmund, 4 bapt. Dec. 8, 1728. 
ii. William, bapt; Jan. 25. 1720. 
iii. M a k v , ha p t . " D ec . 26 , 1730-31. 
iv. Elizabeth, bapt. Nov. 4, 1733. 



24 Genealogy of the Andrews Family. [Jan. 

9. James 9 Andrews (Samuel? John 1 ) married April 13, 1732, Abigail 
Crane, of Stoughton, Muss. He owned the covenant August 5, 
1733. They had children : 

Abigail, 4 b. in Milton, July 20, 1733; m. Henry Shatter, of Stoughton. 
ii. Mary, b. in M. Oct. 1, 1731; ra. Blijah Houghton, of -Milton, 
iii. Seth, b. in Stousrhton, Dec. 9. 1735 ; d. 1736. 
iv. Rebecca, b. in S. Nov. 22. 1738. 
v. Ruth, b. in S. July 17. 1741 ; d. 1748. 
vi. Jon\, b. in S. May 2, 1743. 
vii. IIepzibah, b. in S. Jan. 30. 1745. 
viii. David, bapt. in Stoughton, May 22, 1718. 
ix. Maria, b. in Stoughton, Julv 22, 1751 ; in. Josiah Mero, of S. 
x. Benjamin, b. in S. July 8, 1754. 

10. Capt. Joseph* Andrews (John? John? John 1 ), born in Norton, 

Mass., January 15, 1719; died 1800. As executor of his father's 
estate he closed also the estate of his grandfather. He left a will. 
He married Sarah Torrey, by whom he had : 

18. i. Sarah, 6 b. in N. July 4. 1750 ; m. Sylvanus Braiuan, Jr., of Norton. 

19. ii. Joseph, b. in N. Aug. 20, 1758; m. Hannah Church, of Marslifield. 

20. iii. Susannah, b. in N. Feb. 3, 1761 ; m. Dea. Josias Ha!!, of Taunton. 
iv. Phebe, b. in N. Oct. 16. 1703; m. Ichab-.d Leonard, of Taunton. 

21. v. John, b. in N. April 9, 17K0 ; m. Rebecca Webber, of Taunton. 
vi. HANNAH, b. in N Jan. 29, 1709; not married. 

22. vii. Nathan, b. in N. Dec. II, 1771 ; m. Abigail Soaras, of Vermont. 

23. viii Isaac, b. in N. Jan. 12, 1775; m. Hannah Briggs, of Taunton. 

24. ix. James, b. in N. Jan. 23, 1778 ; m. Mercy Linkon, of Taunton. 

11. John 4 Andrews (John? John? John 1 ), born in Norton, Mass., Janu- 

ary 12, 1722 ; died there in 1756; married Mary Webber. He left 
no will. They had children : 

i. Mary, 5 b. in Norton, Oct. 20, 1752. 
ii. Hannah, b. in N. Sept. 19, 1755. 

12. Capt. Edmond 4 Andrews (Edmond? John? John 1 ) married Oct. 2. 

1742, Keziah Dean, of Raynham, Mass. He purchased land in 
Easton, Mass., in 1754, and kept an inn there from 17GI to 1773. 
They had children : 

Edmond, 6 b. July 16, 1743 ; d. Oct. 20, 1743. 
Edmond, b. Aug. 9. 1*44. 
iii. Keziah, b. Oct. 1, 1746; probably m. William Drake, of Easton, in 1767. 

13. Lieut. Samuel 4 Andrews (Edmond? John? John 1 ) died at Taunton. 

February 5, 1799, in 71st year. He married Abigail, daughter of 
Capt. Thomas Cobb, iron master, of Taunton. She died in 1815. 
They had children : 

i. Abigail, 6 m. Joseph Foster. 

ii. Freelove, m. Jonathan Ingell. 

iii. Lyd:a, ra. Jonathan Macomber. 

iv. Mary Ann, m. Abel Franklin. 

v. Helen, m. David Arnold, Jr. 

vi. Polly, m. Peleg Bowcn. 

vii. Sally, d. Dec. 5, 1839, not married. 

viii. Thomas. 

ix. Lincoln, probably m. Mary Short in 1789. 

x. Samuel. 

14. Ebenezer 4 Andrews (Samuel 3 John? John 1 ), horn at Dighton. 
Mass., January 10, 1726 ; settled in Bristol, N. Y.. and died there 
May 21, 1808; married first, Elizabeth Shaw, of Dighton. She 



188G.] Genealogy of the Andrews Family. 25 

died May 3, 17G7. He married second, Dec. 24. 17C8, Mary Fran- 
cis, of Dighton. She died in 1S0S, a few weeks before her hus- 
band. By Elizabeth his first wife, he had : 
i. Ebenezer, 5 b. in Dighton, June 4, 1752 : never married. 

25. ii. Melicent, b. in I). April 5. 1754 ; in. Seth Farrar, of Berkley, Mass. 
Hi. Stephen, b. in D. April 4. 1756; d Oct. 8. 1756 

26. iv. Stephen, h. in I). August 26, 1757 : m. first, Deborali Williams; m. 

second, Hannah Williams, both of Dighton. 

27. v. Lydia, b. in L). Sept. 3, 1759; m. William Gooding, of Dighton. 

28. vi. Sabrina, b. in D. Feb. 4, 176-J ; m. Azariah Shove. 

29. vii. Caroline, b. in D. March 14, 1765; in. James Gooding, of Dighton. 

By Mary, his second wife, lie had : 

30. viii. Samuel, b. in D. July 2, 1771 ; m. Dorcas Aldrich, of Farmington, N.Y. 

31. ix. Benjamin, b. in D. Feb. 28, 1775 ; m. Amy Cudworth, of Freetown, Ms. 
x. Mart, b. in D. ; m. Nichols, and settled in Kentucky. 

32. xi. Sally, b. in D. Oct. 10, 1781 ; m. Faunee Codding. 
xii. Betsey, b. in D., d. in Maes. 

xiii. Joseph, b. in D., d. at sea. 

15. John 4 Andrews (Samuel? John, 2 John 1 ), born in Dighton, Mass., 

March 13, 1729. He was a sea-captain and died at St. Ens tali us, 
West Indies, in June, 1767 ; married in 1754: Elizabeth Talbot, of 
Dighton. They had : 

i. Elizabeth, 5 b. in Dighton ; m. in 1782. Samuel Whitmarsh. 

33. ii. Hannah, b. in D. 1761 : m. Ephraim Hathaway, of D. 

34. iii. John, b. in D., drowned there Jan. 23, 1807, in 43d year ; m. first. Pa- 

tience Hathaway, of D. ; m. second, Sally Pettis, of Somerset, Mass. 
iv. Ichabod, b. in D. Aug. 19, 1767 ; d. young. 

16. Elkanah 4 Andrews (Samuel. 3 John* John 1 ), born in Dighton, 

March 4, 1731, and was a sea-captain. He made many voyage to 
the West Iudies and South America, and died at Essequibo, Brit- 
ish Guiana, June 8, 1787. He married Alice Beal, of Dig.h:.n. 
She was born Nov. 2, 1739, and died June 13, 1808. They had : 

35. i. Alice, 5 b. at Dighton, Jan, 12. 1758; m. Rev. John Smith, of D. 
Elkanah, b. at D. Feb. 29, 1760 : m Elizabeth Talbot, of D. 
Joseph, b. at D. April 5, 1764 ; m. Nancv Talbot, of D. 
David, b. at D. March 19. 1766; m. Phebe Smith, of Bristol, R. I. 
Polly, b. at I). Feb 2ft, 1768 ; m. first, Dr. George Ware, of DigL:on ; 

ni. second, Dr. William Wood, of D. 
William, b. at D. May 7, 1770 ; m. Mary Baylies, of D. 
Thomas, b. at D. Dec. 4. 1772 : m. Mary Leonard, of Raynham. 
Clarissa, b. at D. Feb. 18, 1775 ; m. Capt. William Richmond, of D. 
Job, b. at D. April 2, 1779 ; d. May 28, 1799 ; not married. 

17. Zephaniah 4 Andrews (Samuel 3 John. 2 John 1 ), born at DightflB, 

Mass., Feb. 9, 1738; settled in Providence. R. I., in 1756, where 
he lived the remainder of his life. He was one of the first T~:.i- 
versalists of Providence, a man of active mind, a reader and writer. 
He was colonel of the Providence Marine Artillery, and died Jarro- 
ary 23, 1816. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Benj^^n 
Eddy, of Providence. They had : 

Benjamin, 5 b. in Providence, Feb. 19, 1764; m. Elizabeth Gladding. 
Mary, b. in P. Dec. 2, 1785; m. Peter Grinnell, of Little Common. R. I. 
Charles, b. in P. March 20, 1768 ; d. Dec. 29, 1797 ; not married. 
Elizabeth, b. in P. Nov. 17, 1770; m. William Taylor, of Little Cocap- 

ton, R. I. 
John, b. in P. Nov. 4, 1773 ; d. Aug. 17, 1776. 
Susannah, b. in P. April 3, 1776 ; m. Benjamin HowlancJ. 
XL. 3* 



36. 


ii. 


37. 


iii. 


38. 


iv. 


39. 


v. 


40. 


vi. 




vii. 


41. 


viii 




ix. 



42. 
43. 


ii. 


44. 


iii. 
iv. 


45. 


v. 
vi 




VOL. 



26 Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [Jan. 

vii. Sally, b. Oct. 27, 17S0 ; d. April 1. 1781. 
viii. John, b. Feb. 2, 17S2 ; d. June 0. 17*3. 
46. ix. John. b. in P. Jan. 3, 1780 ; m. Betsey Whipple, of Cumberland. R. I. 
x. Zefhamaii, b. in P. July 20, 176s ; d. 1820 ; not married. 



The compiler is under great obligations to Capt. J. W. D. Hall, of Taun- 
ton, a descendant, for much valuable information. 

Many of the lines have been brought down to the present time. a::d the 
compiler expects soon to publish it all for the benefit of those interested. 
Those having dates and facts of the Andrews family lines, partially given 
in the foregoing record, will please communicate with the compiler. 



NOTES AND DOCUMENTS CONCERNING HUGH PETERS. 
Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of London, England. 
[Continued from vol. xxxix. page 378.] 
NOTKS. 

Thomas Ross, who was associated with Elias Ashmole in the examina- 
tion of Hugh Peters in the Tower of London,* was the " Keeper of his 
Majesties Libraries." Concerning the examination, Ashmole, in the pre- 
face to his Antiquities of Berkshire, says that " On June 18, 1G60 the church 
and state being restored to its Antient Glory M r Ashmole was introduced 
by M r Thomas Chifinch to kiss the King's hand, with whom he discoursed 
some hours the next day and then was constituted Windsor Herald and his 
patent signed on the 22 d of the same month and took the Common oaths of 
his Office on Aug 1 10 following. Soon after this he was appointed by the 
King to make a description of his Medalls and had them delivered into his 
hands and King Henry VIII tas closet assigned for that purpose. At die 
6ame time was also a Commission issued out for the Examination of that 
infamous Buffoon and Trumpeter of Rebellion Hugh Peters Concerning 
the disposal of the Pictures, Jewells & c belonging to the Royal Family 
which were committed chiefly to his Care and sold and dispersed over 
Europe and are yet in the Closets of several Princes who then conuived 
at, nay encouraged the depredations made on the Royal Exile and enriched 
their own Cabinets with the invaluable Curiosities of England at a verv 
cheap rate which neither Generosity, Honour, nor Justice has ever induced 
them to restore though they well knew the invalidity of the Title upon 
which they purchased ; but crowned Heads have as little regard to Honour 
or Justice when they interfere with their Interest, as the vulgar else how 
shall we account for their Courting the Usurper Conceeding to the most 
unreasonable demands, and sacrificing all even to the most sanguine Ex- 
pectations he could entertain. This Commission was soon brought to a 
conclusion by the obstinacy, or Ignorance of their criminall who either 
would not, or was not able to give the desired satisfaction. Thus was Litis 
matter drop* and every one left, if their own consciences permitted to enjoy 
without molestation the Plunder they had collected." In Dr. Rich'd Raw- 

* This examination of Hugh Peters was taken, Sept. 12, 1660, before Sir John K; v .;n?on 
(alderman of London), ereated a knight June 22J, 16>J3, by Charles II. The king's order 
to Sir John and the testimony of Peters are printed in the .Register, xxxix. 264. ~ 



188G.] Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 27 

linson's interleaved copy of Ashmole's " Antiquities of Berkshire," a note 
is made that " D r Rawlinson has a catalogue in Mr Ashmoles handwrit- 
ing of the persons names who bought the Kings and Queens goods with 
the sums of money paid for them, collected out of the Contractor's register 
MSS." 

On the 2Gth June, 1G49, parliament passed "an Act for the sale of the 
Goods and Personal Estate Of the late King, Queen and Prince," " Where* 
as the Goods and Personal Estate heretofore belonging to the late King 
Charles, and to his wife and eldest son, have been and justly are forfeited 
by them, for their several Delinquencies ; And though the same be of con- 
siderable value yet in regard many parcels thereof are dispersed in several 
hands and places, they may for want of a certain accompt, probably be 
spoiled and imbezled, or made away without advantage to the State, if due 
care be not had, and some speedy course taken to prevent the same; The 
Commons of England assembled in Parliament, taking the premises into 
their serious consideration have thought fit and resolved — That the said 
Goods and Personal Estate, heretofore belonging to the persons above 
named, and to every, or any of them, shall be inventoried and apprised, and 
shall also be sold, except such parcels thereof as shall be found necessary 
to be reserved for the uses of the State ; Be it therefore P^nacted, and it 
is enacted by this present Parliament, and by the authority of the same, 
that John Humphreys and George Withers of Westminster Esqr r , Antho- 
ny Mild may, Ralph Grafton of Cornhil, Michael Lampier. John Belcliamp, 
Philip Cartwright of the Isle of Jersey, Gent. Henry Creech, John Foach, 
David Powel and Edward Wiuslow, Gentlemen and Citizens of London, 
shall be, and are hereby constituted and appointed Trustees for the enquir- 
ing out, inventorying, apprizing and securing of the said Goods and Per- 
sonal Estate, and they or any four or more of them, shall be, and are here- 
by authorized, to repair to any and every house or place whatsoever, 
where any of the said Goods, or any part of the said Personal Estate doth 
lie, and to make or cause to be made a true and perfect Inventory or In- 
ventories thereof, and of every part and parcel thereof, which they shall or 
may any way finde out or discover, and to make a just and equal apprize- 
ment of the same & of every part and parcel thereof, according to the true 
value thereof, as they in their judgments and consciences shall think the 
same may reasonably and probably be sold for, expressing in the said In- 
ventory or Inventories the several sums or values at which the several par- 
cels shall be apprized as aforesaid, and to secure, or cause to be secured, the 
said goods, and every part and parcel thereof, at such place or places & in 
the hands & custody of such person or persons as they shall finde most fit 
and convenient to prevent any spoil and imbezlement thereof, of which 
Inventory or Inventories, with the several apprizements of the premises 
the said Trustees or any 4 or more of them shall make three Duplicates 
-certified under their hands and Seals, and expressing the several places 
where, and the persons in whose Custody the premises or any part thereof 
respectively are secured as aforesaid, and keeping the Originals in the 
hands of such Clerk register as they shall think fit to imploy, shall within 
fourteen days after any such apprizements make return and send one of 
said duplicates to the Councel of State, which shall be kept by the Secretary 
thereof & the other to the other Commissioner hereafter named to be Con- 
tractors for sale of the said Goods, or to the Clerk register whom the said 
Contractors shali impk)y for that purpose, which shall by him be Registered 
& safe kept, and the third to the Treasurers hereafter mentioned*" The 



28 Notes and .Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [Jan. 

trustees had ample powers given them to search, examine and issue war- 
rants for the calling of any person before them, suspected as possessing any 
of the late king's effects. The agents or officers appointed by the trustees 
to execute the various commissions for the search and sale of the said king's 
effects, were to be allowed seven pence in the pound out of all such moneys 
made by said sales. The commissioners and contractors appointed for the 
sale of the goods found, were '* Daniel Norman of the Isle of Jersey Mer- 
chant, John Hales of London Merchant. Clement Kinnei>ley, John Price, 
Henry Parre, and William Allen Gentlemen and citizens of London." 
Careful provisions were inserted in the act to regulate the sales and to dis- 
pose of the proceeds. With regard to certain goods a clause was inserted 
that " whereas divers of the said goods and premi.-es are of such a nature, 
as that though by reason of their rarity or antiquity, they may yield very 
great prices in Foraign parts, where such things are much valued yet for 
particular mens use in England they would be accounted little worth, and 
so yield no considerable price, if they should be forthwith sold here, accord- 
ing to the foregoing directions. It is therefore further Enacted and Pro- 
vided That for such particulars of the premises as the said Contractors\shall 
find to be of that nature, they or any 3 or more of them may treat & agree 
with any merchant-adventurer or Foreign Merchant about transporting 
such of the said goods into any Foreign parts where they may be soid at 
the best rates, &c. &c." The agents or commissioners of the contractors in 
this business were to be paid by the allowance of five pence in the pound 
upon such sales. The treasurers to receive and disburse all moneys under 
the operation of the act were " Humphrey Jones and John Hunt Gentlemen 
and Citizens of London," and any clerks they might need to assist them 
were to be paid by the allowance of two pence in the pound "out of all 
and singular the moneys to be received and accounted for by them." Par- 
liament made a condition that out of the first moneys raised by the sales, 
30.000£ were to be " issued and lent unto the Treasurer of the Navy," 
which said sum before the 2 d day of May, 16o0, was to be restored and re- 
imbursed by said Treasurer of the Navy out of his receipts for the Navy." 
Hugh Peters was paid £100, December 24th, 1G5G, as '.• one of the Preach- 
ers in Whitehall Chappell being for \ a years salary for y e same due 17 th 
December 1C55," and on -January 6, 1G57, the sum of £50 to '• Hugh 
Peters one of the Preachers in Whitehall Chappell being for one quarters 
salary for ye same and was due unto him 7° Janij. -55." Again on April 
8th, 1658, "To M r Hugh Peters being in full of a Warr 1 bearing y e 30 th 
day of 8 bre 1656 for y e paym' of £150 unto him 100£ thereof being paid 
unto him as by page y e 12 th appears and now more" tl.e sum of £50. M r 
Peter Sterry was one of the preachers at Whitehall Chapel associated with 
Mr. Peters, and his pay was also in arrears, he having been appointed in 
October (18), 1G56, and a payment of £100 on account made the 26th De- 
cember of the same year. Hugh Peters gave up his appointment as preach- 
er at Whitehall to attend the army into France. Sir William Lockhart, 
who is called k< His Highness's Ambassador in France," writes from Duu- 
kerk, July 8-18, 1G58, to " the Right Hon f,:c my Lord Thurloe one of the 
Lords of his highnesse Counsell and principal! Secretary of State," that "I 
could not suffer our worthy friend Mr Peters to come away from doukerke 
without a testimony of the greatt benefitts we have all receaved from him 
in this place, wher he hath laid himself forth in greatt Charity and good- 
nesse, in sermons, prayers, and exhortations, in vi.-iting and relieving the 
sick and wounded, and in all these profitably applying the singular talent 



1886.] j\ T otes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 29 

God hath bestowed upon him to the two Cheef ends pronper for our awdi- 
tory, for he hath not only sliowen the soldiers their deutv to God, and prest 
it home upon them I hcpi to good advantage, but hath likewyse acqwainted 
them with their obligations of Obedience to his highe government and affec- 
tion to his persone, he hath labored amongst us heare in much good will 
aud seems to enlarge his harte towards us and love of us for many other 
things, the effects whereof I desyre to leave upon that Providence which 
hath brought us hither, it were superfluous to tell your lo pp the story of our 
present condition either as to the Civil! governent, works, or soldiery, he 
who hath studdied all these more than any I know heare, can certain- 
ly give the best account of them, wherefore I remitt the whole to his in- 
formation and begge your lopp 8 casting a favorable eie upon such proposi- 
tions as he will offer to your lo pp for the good of this garrison." Another let- 
ter, also bearing the date from the 8th to the 18th of July, 1658, from •• lord 
ambassador Lockhart " to Secretary Thurloe, makes further mention to 
Hugh Peters. " Mr Peeters hath taken leave at least 3 or 4 tymes but 
still something falls out which hinders his return to England, he hath been 
twice at bergh and hath spoak with the lord: three or foure tymes, I kept 
my self by and had a care that he did not importune him with too long 
speeches he returns loaden with aue account of all things hear and hath 
undertaken every mans business, I must give him that testimony that he 
gave us three or foure very honest sermons and if it were possible to gett 
him to mynd preaching and to forbear the trubling of himself with other 
things lie would certainly proovc a very fitt Minister for Soldiers. I hope 
he cometh well satisfied from this place, he hath often insinuated to me his 
desyer to stay heare. If he had a Call, some of the officers also hath 
been with me to that purpose but I have shifted him so hansomely as I 
hope he will not but be pleased for I have told him that the greattest ser- 
vice he could do us 'tis to goe to England and Cary on his propositions, and 
to own us in all our other interests which he hath undertaken with much 
zeal." 

Many efforts were subsequently made by Charles II. to obtain the resto- 
ration of the goods belonging to his father, and to this end he had a separate 
clause inserted in the Treaty of Peaco concluded between himself aud the 
States General, at Breda, 21-31 day of July, 1G67. The following was 
the clause inserted in the treaty : 

" If it happen that any Tapestry, Hangings, Carpets, pictures or House- 
hold furniture of what kind soever or precious stones Jewells, with Curios- 
ities, or other moveable goods whatever belonging to the Kin^r of Great 
Britain either now or hereafter shall be found to be in the hands or power 
of the said States General or of any of their subjects, the said States Gene- 
rall do promise that they will in no wise protect the possessing of any 
moveables appertaining unto the said King which goods may be taken 
from them in such manner that they who shall make difficulty to restore 
them freely may not be dealt withal!, by any means contrary to equity 
aud Justice and the said States do promise to use their most effectual en- 
deavours that a plain and summary way of proceeding may be taken in 
this affair without the ordinary formal method of Process usually observed 
in Courts ; and that Justice be administered whereby his said majesty may 
be Batisfyed soe far as possibly may be without the wrong of any one." 

A committee was also appointed by Charles II. "authorized for the get- 
ting in and Compounding for his late Majesty's goods, &c.*' John Single- 
ton, the clerk to the committee, issued a notice 4 July, 1G62, at a meeting 



30 Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [Jan. 

where Mr. William Rumball. Mr. Elias Ashmole, Mr. Francis Rogers, 
Col. lluwlev and Mr. Beauchamp were present, for a further adjournriient 
to the next Tuesday at Somerset! House. They -called before them twelve 
persons who were suspected of possessing articles belonging to the hue 
king. The committee met from time to time, but with indifferent results, 
if we may take the following as a sample. "15. October, 1062, whereas 
Mrs willis of y e Starr Chamber Westminster y e relict of M r Willis de- 

ceased was this day before the said Corn'" & called in question for 2 old 
leaden eesternes and other goods of small value and satisfaction demanded 
for y e same and for as much as the said Mrs Willis hath made it appeare 
that y e goods are very inconsiderable & that y e greatest part thereof are 
fixed to y e said tenement called y e starr chamber & there remaineing 0c 
therefore prayed that she might be acquitted and discharged thereof. I: is 
therefore thought fitt & accordingly is ordered that the said Mrs Willis be 
acquitted & forever discharged of the said goods & that she be put to no 
further trouble for or by reason of y e same & all persons herein any waies 
concerned are desired to take notice of this order as occasion shall require." 

The warrant for the appointment of the commission to reclaim the King's 
property was issued 30 June, 1G62, and the first meeting was held 4 Ju!v, 
1662, when the following persons were present: — Mr. William Rumball, 
Mr. Elias Ashmole. Mr. Francis Rogers, Col. Hawley, Mr. Beauchamp. It 
was ordered by the committee that the "accomptsof the persons hereto- 
fore called Trustees Contractors, and Treasurers for the sale of the goods 
belonging to the late King of ever blessed memory " should be examined, 
and notices were to be served upon three of the late contractors to appear 
at Somerset House on the next Tuesday. The contractors were " y e wor- 
shipful Clement Kinnersley Esq r yeoman of his Majesty's removing ward- 
robe, M r Henry Parr, and M r William Allen. Trustees, Mrs Grafton, the 
widow of Ralph Grafton, Mrs ffoach, the widow of John Foacli, and M r 
Humphrey Jones as one of the treasurers." At a meeting on 

8 July, 1662, " Humphrey Jones late treasurer for the sale of the said 
goods bee hereby desired and required to send in to them a p'cular acc : of 
what moneys were paid to the late contractors and Trustees, &c." 

18 July, 1662. Mr. Robert Sherley at Bromley, Kent, and Mr. Robert 
Mallery of Scalding Alley, London, having failed to appear when sum- 
moned before the committee, orders were given to arrest them at their 
dwellings and bring them to the next meeting at the Queen's Council 
Chamber. 

3d Oct. 1662. Mr. Marshall, Senior, " hath some small quantity of mar- 
ble and stone that did formerly belong to his Majesty for which he hath 
offered as a composition for y e said marble. &c. to pay the summe of 45 
Shillings viz' 30 s for his maj y & 15s. for fees," which the committee ac- 
cepted of. 

$th Oct. 1662. Mrs. ffoach. the widow of Mr. ffoach, required to bring 
in the following articles, in the keeping of her late husband : " 1 great 
Chaire, 4 cushions, 2 blew chairs. 6 Stooles, a foot stoole of flowered velvet 
laced and fringed (all valued at) — 14£., one Turkey Carpet. 3£, 6 lesser 
Turkey old Carpets, 2£, a long picture of many figures, 3£, 2 paire of 
plaine water pots, 1£ 10. 0, two little paire of plaine water potts, ten shil- 
lings." 

\st November, 1662. The Earl of Salisbury having appropriated "50 
Tunnes of flour belonging to his Majesty, to his own use, during the tyme, 
of the late usurped power," is called upon to meet the committee at the 
Queen's Council Chamber. 



1886.] 



Church Records of Farming Ion, Con: 



31 



2lst January, 1662-3. Sir Launcelott L:\ke "is called upon to appear 
and give aec* touching several! hangings of China Sattin, Crimson and 
lemon colour." A letter also written to Mr. Pashall for a picture of a 
landscape done by Bartholomew. A letter also sent to Lady Gray desiring 
to be informed who Lord Gray's executor is. 

Mr. Oliver Bowles, without, over against the Mermaide tavern, is noti- 
fied to meet the committee on Friday, '2Sth Jaity. 1662-3, to give account 
of a bedd of crimson damask and other goods ; and Mr. Day in Lumber St. 
is to bring in "the nggot cup with him." 

Mr. Tryham to attend, \lth Dec. 1GG2, about a suit of Hangings of 
" Vulcan and Venus." Mr. Adrian about " 2 Christall Salts." Sir. Eng- 
lish at Mortlake to appear on the 15 April, 1663, to give account of "• y c 
disposition of divers hangings in his custody, etc." Mr. Duart to attend 
" y e 29 May, 1663, to account for a picture of the Queen by Vandyke, 
30£, one of y e King & Queen with the Lanrell leafe 60£, a Casket in the 
fashion of a Tortiss 4()£." "To attend 6 March 1662 flfry day M" Mason 
y e late wife of D r Mason in Doctors Commons to 2£ a lyning of a cloke 
or shew cause. Mrs Cogin at Greenwich to a Billiard table or shew cause, 
and eight others are summoned for goods not named. To nttend the 13 
March, 1663. " M r Sergeant Glynne iu Portugal Row in Lincolns Inn- 
fields, for a picture of an Italian familye done by Perdenino (Pordenone) 
to 2 pence to y e messenger." and four others summoned. 

It was ordered in the Committee that as Mr. Thomas Beauchamp " hath 
beene at more than ordinary pains and care in discovering y e said goods 
belonging to her Majesty that out of the moiety of all moneys received, the 
said Thomas B^aucham;) shall receive 2-5 part and Robert Jenkins Esquire 
Clerk of her Majesties Counsell, Henry Brown, Gent, and Colonel Wil- 
liam llawley each of tbein one fifth part of such money recovered." 



CHURCH RECORDS OF FARMIXGTOX, COXX 

Communicated by Julius Gay, A.M., of Furmington, Conn. 
[Continned from vol. xxxix. page 341.] 



January 3, 1763 
Jauuarv 26, 1763 
Jany 27, 1763 
February 2, 1763 
February 22, 1763 

April 14, 1763 
May 1763 

June It, 1763 
August 6, 1763 
August 21, 1763 
August 22, 1763 
September 26, 1763 
October 18. 1763 
Xovr. 2, 1763 
Xovr. 27, 1763 



Departed this life Susannah Dr. of David Hills. 
Departed this life Giles son of Ezekiel Cowles. 
Departed this life Rhoda Dr. of Timo Xorth 
Departed this life the Wife of Stephen Andruss. 
Departed this life Widow Wadsworth of Ensign Xa- 

thaniel. 
Departed this life Joseph Xewell. 
Departed this life David Grant. 
Departed this life a child of Charles Stedman. 
Departed this life Elijah son of Tim Wadsworth. 
Departed this life Thomas Couch. 
Departed this life Paul Andruss. 
Departed this life Lucy a Babe of Tim Woodruff. 
Departed this life Beth son of Mr Gay. 
Departed this life George son of Tin 9 Norton. 
Departed this life a Child of James Luske. 



32 



Church Records of Farmington, Conn. 



[Jan. 



January 16, 17G4 

Feb'y 4, 1704 
February 20, 17G4 
May 19,* 17 04 
August 1, 17 04 



August 5, 1704 
August 12, 1704 



o 



September 1, 1704 



October 14, 1704 
December 1 9, 1704 
December 23, 1704 
January 17, 1763 
February 0, 17G5 
April 1,*17G5 
April 3, 1705 
April 21, 1705 
May 21), 1705 
July 20, 1705 
August 20, 1765 
August 27, 1765 
October 6. 1765 
October 15, 1705 
October 24, 1705 
February 20, 1700 
February 23, 1700 
March 12. 1766 
June 1G, 1700 
July 14, 1706 
July 18, 1706 
August 10, 1700 
August 18, 1700 
September 11, 1706 
Oct r 1766 
November 20, 1766 
November 28, 1766 
December 7, 1760 
December 11, 1766 
December 25, 1706 
February 8, 17G7 

March 19, 1770 
May 11, 1770 
May 16, 1770 
June 30, 1770 
July 15, 1770 
August 18, 1770 
August 21, 1770 
Novr. I, 1770 
Novr. 18, 1770 
January 1, 1771 



Departed this life Nath 11 a babe of Nath 11 Wads- 
worth. 

Departed this life Olive Dr. of Matt hw Woodruff. 

Departed this life Samuel Gridley. 

Departed this life Wi,l° Elizabeth Woodruff. 

Departed this life Elizabeth, Dr. a babe of James 
Cowles. 

Departed this life Joel (?) babe of Gideon Belding. 

Carried from the womb to the grave a babe of Thos. 
Newell. 

Departed this life Dorothy Dr. of Thomas Norton. 

Departed this life Timothy Gridley 

Departed this life Joseph Hooker Esqr. 

Departed this life the Wife of Jacob Barns. 

Departed this, life Hezekiah Scott. 

Departed this life Betty Negro Woman. 

Departed this life \V m son of Ezekiel Cowles. 

Departed this life Ezekiel son of Ezekiel Woodruff. 

Departed this life AsaheJ Merriam. 

Departed this life Ephraim Smith. 

Departed this life W m Lewis son of Elisha Strong. 

Departed this life Solomon son of Solomon Mossage. 

Departed this life Abigail Dr. of Doct r Lee. 

Departed this life Esther Ilawley. -' 

Departed this life Sarah a babe of Noadiah Hooker. 

Departed this life y e Wife of Sylvanus Woodruff. 

Departed this life Stephen Andruss. 

Departed this life a Child of Matt. Woodruff. 

Departed this life a Babe of Capt n Judah Woodruff. 

Departed this life Nathaniel Thomson. 

Departed this life Wid° Woodruff. 

Departed this life a Child of Sol Massugg — Indian. 

Departed this life Doct r Thomas Mather. 

Departed this life the Wife of Seth Kellogg. 

Departed this life Matthew Woodruff. 

Carried to the Grave two Babes of Noadiah Hooker. 

Departed this life William Porter. 

Departed this life George a Babe ot'Timo. Marsh Jr. 

Departed this life the Wife of Tim Marsh Jr. 

Departed this life Wid° Susanna Woodruff'. 

Departed this life Wid° Bid well. 

Departed this life a Daghter of Aaron Woodruff. 
[A leaf lost.] 

Departed this life Erastus son of Mr. Gay. 

Departed this life y e Wife of Deacon Portter. 

Departed this life a Child of Tim Woodruff. 

Departed this life Dan 11 son of Dan 1 Thomsou. 

Departed this life the Wife of Mr. Seth Lee. 

Departed this life Eliz: Daugr. of Dea n Dorchester. 

Departed this life a Babe of "Gift Hills. 

Departed this life a Child of Ambrose Calling. 

Departed this life a Babe of Aaron WuO'lruff. 

Departed this life Abr m a babe of Elijah Woodruff. 



1886.] 



Church Records of Farming Ion, Conn. 



33 



January 13, 1771 
January 13, 1771 
Feb y 13, 1771 
February 21, 1771 
April 1771 
April 12, 1771 
April 12, 1771 
April 16, 1771 
May 25, 1771 
June 20, 1771 
July 11, 1771 
July 16, 1771 
July 17, 1771 
August 18, 1771 
Septr. 13, 1771 
Septr. 14, 1771 
Octr. 11, 1771 
Novr. 5, 1771 
Xovr. 17, 1771 
December 13, 1771 
January 22, 1772 
February 19, 1772 
February 27, 1772 
March 8, 1772 
March 10, 1772 
March 19, 1772 
March 22,1772 
May 30, 1772 
June 4, 1772 
June 10, 1772 

July 28, 1776 
August 14, 1776 
August 22, 1776 
August 24, 1776 
August 26, 1776 

August 29, 1776 
August 31, 1776 
Septr. 3, 1776 
Septr. 10, 1776 
Septr. 11, 1776 
Septr. 13, 1776 
Septr. 1776 



Departed this life Benjamin Ilawley. 

Departed this life the Wife of Stephen Hart Jun'. 

Departed this life Peg a Negro Woman. 

Departed tills life Mr; Thomas Wad.sworth. 

Departed this life Nath 1 a son of Rezin Gridley. 

Departed this life a Babe of Doct r Asa Johnson. 

Departed this life a Babe of Peter Curtiss. 

Departed this life a Babe of Heman Watson. 

Departed this life Eliz: Daugr. of Tim Portter Jr. 

Departed this life John Strong Jr. 

Departed this life Allan Merril. 

Departed this life Lydia North. 

Departed this life Jemima Warner. 

Departed this life Chauncey son of David Hart. 

Departed this life a Babe of Doct r Hosmer. 

Departed this life Abigail Evans. 

Departed this life Elizabeth Dag r of Benj n Andruss. 

Departed this life Ephraim son of Tim Woodruff. 

Departed this life a Dagtr. Child of Zadoc Orvis. 

Departed this life the Wife of Isaac Gridley. 

Departed this life Zenas son of David Hart. 

Departed this life William Cole. 

Departed this life the Wife of Ens 11 James Cowles. 

Departed this life a Babe of Ebenezer Hubbard. 

Carried to the grave a Babe of Capt. Judah Woodruff. 

Departed this life y e Wife of Solomon Whitman Esq. 

Departed this life a babe of Levi Clarke. 

Departed this life Cyprian son of Eneas Cowles. 

Departed this life a Babe of Gift Hills. 

Departed this life a Child of Sam 1 Adams — Indian. 

[A leaf lost.] 
Departed this life Sidney son of W m Wadsworth. 

Departed this life Titus son of Eli Andruss. 

Departed this life Col Fisher Gay at N". York. 

Departed this life the Wife of Amos Tubbs. 

Departed this life Theodosia Dag 1 " of Sam 1 Stedman 
Jr. 

Departed this life Sarah Daug r of Mr. Thomas Lewis. 
Departed this life y e Wife of Mr. James Judd. 
Departed this life Benj n Hawley, a Child.- '" 

Departed this life Ruth Gridley. 
Departed life a Dag r of Ebenezer Caronton. 
Departed life the Wife of PLbenezer Caronton. 
Departed life in y e Army Ensign Solomon Curtiss, 
Noadiah Woodruff, Phinehas Caronton, Isaiah Post, 
Ira Judson, Mark Woodruff, Ebenezer Dickinson, 
Joel Root & Gad Brownson, Elijah Woodruff. 
[To be continued.] 



VOL. XL. 



34 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan, 



M 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Hi;.nry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from vol. xxxix. page 308.] 

I R. WILLIAM REXDLE has published in the Athena-am of 



April 18, July 11 and Oct. 24, 1885, some communications a3 
to the genealogy of John Harvard, and in certain quarters allusions 
have been made to a K controversy " on the subject. There i- pro- 
perly speaking no controversy at all. There is and can be no 
question whatever in the minds of those conversant with the facts 
in the case as to who discovered the parentage and ancestry of John 
Harvard. The credit of this remarkable discovery belongs undeni- 
ably to Mr. Henry F. Waters, and to him alone. 

The facts in the case are briefly these. Mr. Rendle seem? to be 
a local antiquary who has, 1 believe, lived many years in South- 
wark, and who has spent much time among the records there, and 
has undoubtedly there done good work. But unfortunately for Mr. 
Rendle, there is not in this case so far a single scrap of evidence to 
show- that there is anything whatever in the Southwark records to 
establish the slightest possible connection between the HaryarJs of 
that Borough and John Harvard of Emmanuel College and or New 
England. There were Harvards in Southwark, it is true, and per- 
haps in other parts of Surrey, just as there were Harvards in Dev- 
onshire, Somerset, Dorset, Wilts, Middlesex, Warwickshire, and 
doubtless in other parts of England. The problem was to iden- 
tify, among them all, the father of John Harvard. So far as Mr. 
Rendle was concerned, this problem might have remained unsolved 
to the end of time, for there was nothing in the Southwark records 
which would have enabled him to solve it. 

The proof of this relationship Mr. Waters discovered after much 
research in the records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. 
There he found, among others, the wills of John Harvard's father, 
mother, brother, uncle, aunt, two step-fathers and father-in-law. This 
proved the whole family connection. If Mr. Waters had stopped there 
and gone not a step farther, it would have been enough to completely 
dispel the mystery which had so long enveloped the birth and early 
life of the benefactor of the noble University. After thus finally 
solving the problem he went to Southwark merely for suppl omental 
evidence, not at all necessary however to substantiate hi? case, and 
there in the parish registers he found the record of the baptism of 
John Harvard and other collateral matter. 

Information of this visit of Mr. Waters to Southwark and its suc- 
cessful result was communicated to several persons. That Mr. 
Rendle was apprised of it by one of them can be shown by evidence 
both direct and circumstantial. 



V 697179 

1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 35 

In articles published by Mr. Rendle in the Genealogist for April 
and July, 1884 (X. S. i. 107 and 182); he give- the name? of the 
Harvanis found by him in the records of St. Saviour's, Southwark. 
But there nowhere appears in his list the name of our John Harvard. 

He even quotes the late Chaplain Samuel Benson as saying that " he 
cannot find the name of John Harvard, the founder, hut that lie had 
no doubt he was born of this family of Harvard of St. Saviour's." 
Mr. Rendle then adds : " After careful, I will not say exhaustive 
examination, of the original books and papers, I am quite of the same 
opinion." On page 182 he quotes the entry in the books of Emman- 
uel College, where Harvard is said to be of Middlesex, and in a 
foot-note talks of drawing the f? attention of officials of Middlesex 
churches to the name Johri Harvard, and the dates circa 1605 and 
after." Mr. Rendle, although fully apprised of the fact that Har- 
vard, Harverde and Harvye were merely different forms of the same 
family name, had evidently overlooked the entry of Harvard's bap- 
tism, or had failed to recognize it, or to appreciate the importance 
of the entry, even if his eye had ever rested upon it, and was as 
late as July, 1884, turning to Middlesex for the record of it, having 
apparently given up all hope of finding it in Southwark. The " ex- 
tremely diverse spelling" of the name, being already well known 
to him, will by no means account for this failure. 

On the 11th of April, 1885, a date, be it remembered, subse- 
quent to Mr. Waters's visit to Southwark and his discovery of the 
record of this baptism, Mr. Rendle published in the South London 
Press a letter, which with some additions he again published in the 
Athenanim of April 18th. 

In this letter he printed conspicuously in Italics the record of this 
baptism, and added, "I believe" him f ' to be the founder" of 
Harvard College, but he neither then nor has he since offered any 
proof of his own to substantiate 1 his belief or to show any reasonable 
grounds for it. Sometime, therefore, between July, 1884, and 
April, 1885, Mr. Rendle saw a great light. lie evidently does not 
mean to tell us how or when this flashed upon him. But lie unwit- 
tingly, in the very letter above referred to, shows us the source of 
his information in these significant words : f * The clue, or rather the 
result of the clue, is before me. I believe that some American 
friends, anxious to do honor to their benefactor and his birth-place, 
are now among us. It would have been pleasant to me to have 
known them ; probably now I may." Of course he did not know 
"them." But when we consider that at the very time he penned 
these lines Mr. Rendle knew that the Ion" search for John Harvard 
was over, that even the record of his baptism had been found and 
that Mr. Waters was the successful discoverer, the extremely dis- 
ingenuous and misleading nature of this allusion to American friends 
can be readily isccn. What is the "clue" the result of which Mr. 
Rendle had before him ? Dues he mean to say that somebody else 



36 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

had the clue and that he had only the result? The general denial 
made by W. D. in the Athenaeum of July 11th, 1885, is altogether 

too vague. It should be more specific if it is expected that much 
weight should be attached to it. 

There seems indeed to be a confusion or haziness in Mr. Rendle's 
mind as to what constitutes not merely legal but even genealogical 
proof. Mr. Waters, on the other hand, like a true genealogist, 
has made a scientific treatment of the subject, and shows us step 
by step how he reached the successful result of his search, and on 
what his conclusions are based. He gives us the pedigree or' Har- 
vard and the proof by which it can be substantiated. That the 
search was an independent one, is shown by Mr. Rendle's chief and 
only witness W\ D., who, in the letter above referred to, kindly 
proves Mr. Waters's case for him by admitting that Mr. Rendle's 
offer of assistance was ce neither acted on nor acknowledged n by 
Mr. "Waters. 

In an article in the New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register for July, 1885, I expressed my astonishment at what I 
called this "extraordinary proceeding" on the part of Mr. Rendle. 
That such a proceeding is happily considered as extraordinary in 
England as it is here, and that the standard of literary morality is at 
least as high there as here, is shown by the fact that I have before 
me, as I write, letters from several English antiquaries whose names 
are known on both sides of the Atlantic, and who are fully cognizant 
of the facts in the case, who express surprise at what they call the 
"strange conduct" of Mr. Rendle. As these are private letters, not 
intended for publication, I have no right to quote them in this mat- 
ter, but the evidence thus afforded is overwhelming. 

Mr. Rendle's pamphlet, a copy of which I have only lately 
seen, will, I understand, be reviewed elsewhere and by abler 
hands than mine. I will therefore not take up space to point out 
certain inaccuracies in it, which are patent to everyone who has 
given much thought to the subject. I will content myself with 
calling attention to the fact that it furnishes not an iota of proof 
of the connection of John Harvard of Southwark with John Har- 
vard of New England, except what is taken from Mr. Waters's 
pamphlet on the subject. This indebtedness Mr. Rendle is, how- 
ever, careful to acknowledge, and he lias conspicuously marked with 
a W. the source of information thus obtained. It is instructive to 
notice how plentifully sprinkled Mr. Rendle's pages are with this 
initial letter. 

I freely admit — now that Mr. Waters has conclusively shown that 
John Harvard was a Southwark man, and has put this statement in 
print so that all may read — that Mr. Rendle's local knowledge as a 
Southwark antiquary may enable him to carry on still further the 
investigations in that Borough, and I certainly trust that he may 
supplement and add to the already accumulating data concerning 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 37 

the early life of the benefactor of America's oldest and most famous 
University. Any such supplemental and corroborative material will 
command the attention of Antiquaries on both sides of the ocean, 
and will deserve and receive due recognition on their part. 

John T. Hassam. 



Edward Panics citizen & merchant tailor of London. 23 January 1G50. 
To wife Mary Parks, in lieu of her thirds, fifteen hundred pounds (i;t va- 
rious payments) and one third of the plate and household stuff, and all that 
my freehold messuage or tenement with its appurtenances, &c. which I 
lately purchased of William Pennoyer of Londou, merchant, wherein I now 
dwell, in the parish of Stepney, being the North western part of that great 
messuage formerly the possession of the Right Flon. Ileury Earl of Wor- 
cester. My wife to have the education of my children. 

If my son Henry Parks shall within three months, &c. and after notice 
given, release and quitclaim, &c. all his part of all my goods, &c. (accord- 
ing to the custom ot the city of London) and release to George Jackson of 
Sandhurst in the county of Kent all his part of lands, &c. in Maid- 
stone in the County of Kent which I lately have sold to George Jack- 
son, then I give & bequeath unto him three hundred pounds (in various 
payments). And further I give & bequeath unto my said son Henry Parks 
and his heirs forever, in consideration as well of the release by him to be 
made to my brother George Jackson of the lands in Maidstone, &c. all my 
messuages, houses, lands, tenements & hereditaments situate, lying and 
being in New England in the parts of America beyond the seas. 

If my son Edward Parks, withiu three months next after notice given 
him of my death and after he shall attain the age of twenty & one years, 
release his part of personal estate according to purport of an indenture, 
dated 26 June 1640, between me the said Edward Parks, of the one part, and 
Thomas Westby of Fresby in the county of York, gentleman, and Edward 
Gell of Brimington in the comity of Derby Esq.. of the other part, then I 
give and bequeath unto the said Edward three score pounds for his prefer- 
ment & placing him to apprentice. To my son John five hundred pounds 
within three months after he attains the age of twenty-one years, and to 
sons William & Stephen (the same amount with the same limitation). 
To daughter Elizabeth Parks five hundred pounds at twenty-one or day of 
marriage. To sous Thomas, Dannett, Francis & Samuel (legacies similar to 
their brother John's above). To Mark, Francis & Susan Wilcox, three of the 
children of my sister Alice Wilcox, ten pounds apiece, & to Anne Wilcox 
another daughter twenty pounds, to be paid, the sons at tweuty-one and 
the daughters at that age or day of marriage. Bequeaths to the widow 
Brewer, to Martha Wilson now wife of Thomas Wilson, being both my 
late servants, to my daughter Mary, now wife of Thomas Plampiu and my 
two grand children Thomas and Edward Plampin. Reference to lands in 
Hadleigh in the county of Suffolk lately bought. 

My son in law Thomas Plampin and cousin John Bagnall. both of Lon- 
don, merchant tailors, to be my executors and my brothers D r William Forth 
and Dannett Forth of London, woollen draper, to be overseers. A Thomas 
Forth a witness. 

The above will was proved 29 January 1650 ; but the executors having 
died before fulfilling their trust a commission was issued 2 4 J March 1673 
to John Parkes, a son & legatee, lie also died before completing his ad- 

VOL. XL. 4* 



38 - Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

ministration, and commission was issued 3 November, 1GS1, to Mary Caw- 
ley ats Parkes, the widow relict of said defunct, &c. Grey, 10. 

[A full abstract of this will was printed in a note In Mass. Hi?t. Sue. Collections, 
4th S., vol. vii. p. 385, from a copy obtained for me by Col. Chester. The note was 
appended to several letters from Edward Parks to John Winthrop, Jr. These show 
that Parks terms Henry Bright of Watertown his uncle. In the genealogy of the 
Brights of Suffolk, Eng. (Boston, 1S53), we find on pp. 270-71, an abstract of the 
wilfof Mrs. Elizabeth Dell, sister of Henry Bright, in which she mentions her 
nephew William Parks. She also mentions her brother Henry Bright, William 

Forth and Blowers, her sister Martha Blowers, her cousin Cawby, Esq., 

and her nephew Dr. William Forth. 

Henry Parks, son of Edward, sold in 1655, his land in Cambridge to John Sted- 
man, and very probably came here for the purpose. This particular branch, how- 
ever, then ceased to have any connection with New England. But at Cambridge 
one of the early settlers was Dea. Richard Parke, 1038-1655, whose son Thomas 
had a son Edward. At Roxbury was William Parke, whose will of CO July, 1684, 
mentions only three daughters and their children, brother Thomas Parks of Ston- 
ington, deceased, and brother Samuel with his sons Robert and William. Savage 
gays that these three were sons of Robert of Wethersfield and New London, who 
died in 1665. Very probably this Robert was the man who wrote to John Winthrop 
in 1629 from Easterkale in Lincolnshire (see Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., 5th S. vol. i. 
p. 194), proposing to go to New England. 

These may have been relatives of Edward Parke, who was clearly allied to Win- 
throp through the Forths. The family name of Dannett ought also to lead to some 
trace of this family. 

The Alice Wilcox, sister of Edward Parks, recalls the William Wilcockes of our 
Cambridge, who died in 1653, leaving a widow Mary (Powell) but no children, and 
a sister Christian Boiden in Old England. A John Wilcox was of Dorchester, 
1661, and went to Middletown. The "names Wilcox, Hastings. Fox and Hall are 
in the Leicestershire Visitations, and Wilcox also in Rutland. — W . LI. Whitmore.] 

William Goore of Nether Wallop in the county of Southampton gen- 
tleman, 9 November 1587. To wife Joane, eldest sou William, all my 
land called Garlacks. To my four youngest sons Richard, John, Nicho- 
las and William Goore the younger all my laud in Newington, in the 
county of Wilts, and in Basingstoke, in the county of Southampton, and 
two hundred pounds apiece. To my four daughters Agnes, Elizabeth, 
Barbara and Margery Goore two hundred pounds apiece. The executors 
to be my eldest son William Gore and Margaret Reade, the supervisors 
to be John Pittman of Quarley, Thomas Elie, Clerk vicar of Nether Wal- 
lop and Leonard Elie of Wonston. 

10 May 1588. Emanavit comissio Will™ S* John armigero marito so- 
roris naturalis et ltime diet def et Leonardo Elie generoso uui superviso- 
rum &c. cum consensu W mi Gore filii &c. durante minori etate eiusdem 
Willmi et Margarete Reade als Gore alterius executorum &c. 

Rutland, 37. 

William Gore of Nether Wallop in the county of Southampton, gentle- 
man, 22 January 1G55, proved 29 March 1656. Wife Elizabeth to be 
sole executrix. To the poor of Nether Wallop three pounds to be distrib- 
uted in one month after my decease. To my wife a portion of my now 
dwelling house at Garleggs in the parish of Nether Wallop and part of the 
orchard. To my cousin Richard Hamon. To Amy Singer, daughter of 
my late sister Margaret, and Jane Singer, another daughter, and Roger 
Singer, a son. To my cousin Mary Poore the now wife of John Power 
thirty pounds. To Nicholas & Margaret, son and daughter of my late sis- 
ter YVallingford, twenty pounds apiece in one year after my decease. To 
my cousin Nicholas Gore, son of Nicholas Gore late of Farley deceased, 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 39 

ten pounds in one year. To Nicholas Hatchet of Nether Wallop five 
pounds in one year. My brother in law M r Robert Sadler, my cousin John 
Poore and my cousin Richard Miller of Broughton. To the now live child- 
ren of Richard llamon forty pounds apiece and to William Poore and Eliza- 
beth Poore, son & daughter of my late cousin William Poore deceased, 
forty pounds, and to the now children of my late cousin Thomas [Singer 
deceased, forty pounds. To my godson Richard Shertield, sou of my late 
brother Roger Sherfield, gentleman, deceased. If my cousin Nicholas 
Wallingford shall have issue of his body or Margaret Wallingford have 
issue of her body then, &c. To John Gore, son of my late uncle Richard 
Gore. To my uncle Hugh Muudy. Berkeley, 110. 

[In these Goore wills Mr. Waters is evidently probing the connections of the an- 
cestors of our Merrirnac Valley settlers. The villages of Wallop, like those of 
Chouldcrton, lie upon the edges of the Counties of Wilts and Southampton, and 
when Dunimer, Saltonstall and Rawson, with their English associates, had arranged 
for developing a stock-raising town in New England, they arranged also to secure 
from co. Wilts and its vicinity the transfer of a colony or practical men not only 
accustomed to the care of live stock, but to the trades which interlaced in the pro- 
ducts of a stock-raising community. The matter of first importance was to secure 
ministers with whom the community would feel at huine. Rev. Thomas Parker 
and his relatives the Noyes family, natives of Choulderton, were secured, and with 
them the Wiltshire men were glad to join. 

In the will, proved 28 March, 1657, the names of many of the Poore family are 
mentioned as cousins of the testator, and so is Nicholas Wallingford, who came in 
the Confidence from Southampton in 1633, with othei> — Stephen Kent, John Rolie, 
John Saunders, John and William Ilslcy. and more recruits to join their relatives 
who established the town of Newbury. Joseph Poore. of Newbury, married, 6 Au- 
gust, 1680, Mary Wallingford, daughter of Nicholas, born 20 August, 1663. Antho- 
ny Sadler was a passenger in the same vessel. In the Visitation of co. Wilts 
in 1623 are pedigrees of the Sadler family on p. 63. The son and heir of the family 
given there is Robert Sadler, bom in 1608. who may have been the person mentionel 
as " brother-in-law" in the will given above. 

The will proved in 1583 contains an instance, not uncommon at that period, but 
a terrible annoyance to genealogists, of two sons having the same baptismal name — 
eldest son William, and tour youngest sons, among whom is William the yuunycr. 
The name of Margaret Read recalls the fact that the Read and Noyes family inter- 
married in the locality of these testators. — John Coffin* Jones Brown.] 

Joseph Blake of Berkley County ia the Province of South Carolina. 13 
December, 1750. My whole estate to be kept together until it raises the sum 
of two thousand pounds sterling money of Great Britain and one thou- 
sand pounds Proclamation money, or the value thereof, in the currency of 
this province, exclusive of the maintenance of my sons Daniel and William 
and my daughter Ann Blake. After said sums are cleared — to be kept at 
interest and the interest applied towards educating & maintaining my sons 
Daniel & William and daughter Ann until they arrive at full age. Then 
one thousand pouuds sterling to my son Daniel, the same to son William 
and the remaining thousand pounds Proclamation money to daughter Ann. 
To son Daniel the plantation I now live on called Newington and a tract 
of land on the Cypress Swamp lying between the lands of M r James Post- 
ell and Barnaby Brandford, part of which I purchased of M r James Posteli 
deceased, the remainder I took up of the King; and that part of my land 
on Charles Town Neck which lies between the High Road and Cooper 
River; and fifteen hundred acres to be taken out of my lands on Cum bee 
River between M rs Hudson's land and the land I bought of Colonel Wil- 
liam Bull, the line to run towards Calf Pen Savanah as far back as will 
take in the quantity of fifteen hundred acres ; and a plantation containing 
five hundred & ninety-seven acres in two tracts bounding on M™ Donings 



40 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

and M™ Drake to the North East and to tlio North West on M rs Donings, 
M rs 8»tcljeveralls and Doctor BrUbanee, to the South West on ti tract of 
land which was formerly M r Doitses hilt now mine and on M r Ways, to 
the South East on M r Richard Warings. To son William & his heirs for- 
ever my plantation containing more or less on Wad me law River and new 
cut, commonly called Plamslield, lying between hinds of M r John Atchin- 
son and M r Fuller ; and that part of my land on Charles Town Neck that 
lies between the High Road and Ashly River, bounding on M r Gadsdens, 
M r Hunts & M r John Humes $ and two tracts of land lying between M r 
Atchinsons and M r Stoboes, one tract containing two hundred & thirty 
acres, the other seventy-six acres ; and two tracts of land containing four 
hundred & forty acres purchased of Stephen Dowse by M rs JeimU, bound- 
ing on M r William Elliott, M- John Drayton & M r Graves. 

I give and bequeath unto my loving daughter Rebeeea Izard, to her and 
her heirs forever a tract of land containing eighteen hundred £ seventy 
three acres in Granville County on the Lead of Coosaw, Hatchers and 
Chili Phina Swamp, bounding on James Therrs to the North West ; and 
an Island on Port Royal River in Granville County commonly called Cat 
Island, containing four hundred acres. I give and bequeath to my loving 
daughter Ann Blake one thousand acres of land to be laid out by my exec- 
utors and executrix on the Calf Pen Savanah to be taken out of my lands on 
Cumbee on the head of the said tracts and an island containing two hundred 
and eighty-six acres of laud in Granville County on the North East side of 
Port Royal River and on all other sides on marshes and e.'e-k> out of the 
said River. I give all my Real estate, not already given, devised or be- 
queathed, unto my two sons Daniel & William Blake, all my household 
goods & plate to be divided between my two sons Daniel & William & my 
daughter Ann Blake, to each a third. To son Daniel my coach & harness 
and Prime Thorn, his wife Betty Molly & all their children which they 
have or shall have. To soti William Wally Johnny Molatto Peter Mol 
Juda & all their children, &c. To daughter Ann Blake Lampset Nanny 
Patty & Molly child of Hannah & all their children, &c. All the residue 
of my personal estate (not already given, devised or bequeathed) unto 
my four children Rebeccah Izard, Daniel Blake, William Blake & Anu 
Blake, to be equally divided. 

I nominate, &c. daughter Rebecca Izard, son Daniel Blake and son 
Ralph Izard executrix & executors & guardians to my children until they 
attain the ages of twenty-one years, &c. & to improve the estate of my. said 
children either by putting money at Interest, buying slaves or any other 
way they shall judge most advantageous. 

Wit : Jacob Molte, William Roper, Alexander Rigg- 

Charles Town So : Carolina Secretarys Office. 

The foregoing AVriting of two sheets of paper is a true copy from the 
Original will of the Hon ble Joseph Blake Esquire deceased. Examined 
& certified p William Pinckney Dep ty See ty . 

II February 1752 Depositions of John Ouldfield, of South Carolina, plant- 
er, & William George, freeman of South Carolina, at present residing in 
the city of London, gentleman. 

The will was proved 20 February 1752 by Daniel Blake Esq. son, &c. 
&c. Power reserved for the other executors. Bettes worth, 30. 

George Jones, of the City of Philadelphia in the Province of Penn- 
sylvania, yeoman, having a design by the Permission of the Almighty to 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 41 

pass over the seas, 22 September 1743. To Sarah Torus daughter of Rob- 
ert Toms twenty pounds current money of Pennsylvania, to be paid her at 
her age of eighteen years. To Thomas Howard of the city of Philadel- 
phia, joyner, all my right & title of & to my seat in Christ church in Phila- 
delphia. To Mary Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard, ten pounds at 
age of eighteen. To Andrew Robertson, miller at We>schioken, my horse, 
saddle & bridle, my watch & seal thereto affixed. To Kattrine Hintou 
one hundred pouuds immediately after my decease, &c. provided that the 
said Katrine do not marry till after my decease. To Abraham Pratt, of 
the city of Philadelphia joyner, twenty pounds, &c. To the children of 
my brother James Jones deceased, of the parish of S e John at Brogmore 
Green in the County of Worcester in Great Britain, & to my sister Eliza- 
beth Clay, of the city of Worcester, & to her children, all the rest & re- 
mainder of my estate, Real & Personal, to be equally divided. 

I do nominate & appoint Jonathan Robeson of Philadelphia Esq., Law- 
rence Anderson, of Philadelphia merchant, and Jacob Duchee, shopkeeper 
in Market Street, executors. 

Wit: William Cunningham, Warwick Coats John Chapman. 

14 February 1752 Admon. with the will annexed of the goods & chat- 
tells, ccc. of George Jones late of the city of Philadelphia, in the Province 
of Pennsylvania, but at the city of Worcester deceased, lying and being in 
that part of Great Britain called England only but no further or otherwise, 
was granted to Elizabeth Clay, widow, the natural & lawful sister of the 
said deceased & one of the Residuary Legatees named in said will, for that 
Jonathan Robeson Esq., Lawrence Anderson & Jacob Duchee, the execu- 
tors appointed in said will, have taken upon them the execution thereof so 
far as concerns that part of the estate of the said deceased within the Pro- 
vince of Pennsylvania, but have respectively renounced the execution of the 
said will and their right of administration, of the said deceased's estate in 
that part of Great Britain called England. Bettesworth, 39. 

[Probated in Philadelphia, 1751, Book i. p. 404.— C. R. Hildebcrx, of Phila- 
delphia.] 

William Stockton, Clerk, parson of Barkeswell in the County of 
Warwick, 2 March 1593, proved 17 June 1594 by Elizabeth his relict & ex- 
ecutrix, through her attorney Thomas Lovell Not. Pub. The will men- 
tions brother Randulph Stockton, brother Raphe Stockton, the children of 
cousin John Stockton, parson of Alcester, the children of cousin Thomas 
Gervise, son Jonas Stockton, eldest daughter Debora Stockton, wife Eliza- 
beth & daughters Judith & Abigail, cousins John Stockton & Thomas Ger- 
vis and Thomas Benyon of Barkeswell yeoman, & John Massame of the 
city of Coventry, clothworker, to be overseers. Dixey, 49. 

[I suppose the " cousin John Stockton, parson of Alcester," mentioned in the above 
will, wns the father of Patience, wife of Edward Holyoke of New England, whose 
father, John Holliock. of Alcester in the county of Warwick, mercer, made his will 
21 November 30th Elizabeth (proved 31 January, 15S7) in presence of John Stock- 
ton. If this be so, then Mr. Stockton must have removed before 1607 to Kinkolt 
in Leicestershire, where he wos living (probably as Rector of that parish), as shown 
yv a letter from young Edward Holyoke to his betrothed, dated 21 Nov. 1607. (See 
Lmruerton & Waters's Gleanings from English Records, pp. 57-59.)— h. f. w.] 

Robert Wilcox, the younger, of Alcester in the county of Warwick, 
mercer, xiiii October 1G26\ proved 14 February 1026. To-my father AP 
Robert "Wilcox, over and above the two hundred pounds due to him 
by bond, one hundred pounds within one year after my decease (and some 



42 • Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Chattel! goods). To my son Robert fifty pounds to be put out for lii.s best 
use at his age of xiiii years. My will is that Ann & Elizabeth Heath shall 
have x il between them for the money I received by their brother Richard's 
will. To each of my si-tors xr\ To Humfry Bedowe x*. To Joane 

ray maid servant xv\ to Elenor ray maid servant x*. I give x 1 ' to be from 
time to time lent gratis to hoi:e>t tradesmen at the discretion of M* Ilay- 
lifie for the time being, with the assent of my father Wilcox, brother 
Bridges, brother Ilolioke and M r Jelitfe, or of three, two or one of them 
so long as any of them shall live. and. after the death of the survivor of 
them, at the discretion of M r Bayliffe for the time being. To mine ap- 
prentice xx s at thend of his term. The rest of my goods chattells, &c. to 
Martha, my beloved wife, whom I make sole executrix. The overseers to 
be my well beloved father in law John Halford and George Jelliffe and my 
brother Florisell Bovey and I give them ii 3 vi d apiece for their pains. 
AVit : Samuel Ilulfoid, Edward Holioke. Skinner, ] 2. 

[An article on the AVilcoxes of New England is printed in the Register, xsix. 
25-9, bat no connection with Robert of Aleester is fband. There is probably some 
relationship between his " brother Holioke" and Edward HoJyoke, the immigrant 
ancestor of the Holyokes of New England, who seems to have come from Aleester 
(see will of Edward Ilolliock, 15S7, In BmmertOn and Waters'-; Gleanings, p. 57). 
Two other New England immigrants, William and Richard Waldern (written by 
descendants, Waldron), were natives of Aleester (see Keg. via. 76). — Editor.] 

Mr. Thomas Roper's will. John AYest my servant to be set free. Al- 
exander Gill, servant to Capt. Peirce. to be set free or else if Capt. Peirce 
6hall refuse to release him, then that the said Alexander receive two hun- 
dred pounds of Tobacco from Capt. Peirce. I give and bequeath all tobac- 
coes due unto me in Virginia to my brother John Roper in England and 
that ii* George Fitz Jefferyes receive it to the use of my said brother. Item 
a pair of Linen breeches to William Smith of James City. To the said Wil- 
liam Smith a waistcoat. To my brother John Roper three hundred and 
odd pounds of good & lawful money of England, in the hands of my father 
in law M r Thomas Sheaperd of Moine in Bedfordshire. The residue to 
my brother John Roper. Fifty shillings in money to M* Haute Wyatt, 
minister of James City. 

Wit: Ilaut Wyatt, William Smith, George Fitz JefTerey. 

In the letter of administration (5 February 1G26) to John Roper Tho- 
mas Shepard is spoken of as the natural & lawful father of John. Eliza- 
beth and Constance Shepard, brother and sisters of the deceased on the 
mother's side {ex juaterno latere), the letters of administration granted 
in the month of May 1G2T having been brought back and renounced. 

Skinner, 11. 

[According to a pedigree of the ~W«yatt family furnished me some years ago by 
Reginald Stewart BoddJngton, Esq., London, England, the Rev. tiawtq Wyatt t'a 
younger brother of Sir Francis Wyatt, twice governor of Virginia, marrieo 1618, 
buried 24 August, 1014, at B<xley) was the second son of fiieorge and Jane (daugh- 
ter of Sir Thomas Finch of Lustweil, KnL'ht, by his wife Katherine, elder daughter 
and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Movie of Eastwclt) Wyat (of Allington Castle. Ti^x- 
ley, and in right of his wife, Lord of the Manor of Wavering, feon of Sir Thomas 
Wyat by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Brooke. Lord Cobhain, beheaded 
II _ April, 1554) and June (married 1537), younger daughter and cy-heiress of Sir 
W iihibi Hawte of Bishopbourne, co. Kent. Knight, and to whom Queen Mary 
granted the Manor of Wavering) ; inducted after his return to England to the liv- 
tngofBoxley, 3 October. 1032, and Rector of Merston, co. Ken;; died 31 July, 
1C3S ; buried at Boxley. 

lie was married twice, " and his issue said to hace gone to Virginia.'" 



1886.1 -Genealogical Gleanings in England. 43 

The following document in my possession may be of interest in connection with 
the immediately preceding paragraph : 

" Oct. 120. 16.33. This day Pindabake the Protector of the young King of Chis- 
koyack was at my house [punctuation mine], intending to have epoken with the 
Governor, then expected to he heer'd, but he came not. & therefore hee desyned to 
leave his mind with mee, Mai " Will Wiat & divers others, as foUowitb, viz : that 

Wassahickon the [illegible] had freely given unt i Mr. Edward V\ yatt and his 

heyres, executor*, administrators or assigns, all the land (rum Mr. Hugh Gu inn's 

old marked trees to Yttamarke Creeke, including all Pagan [illegible] high 

Land, being freely given, and with the consent ot all the rest of the Indians, it was 
also amvel among them all that neither t!ie King not any other of his Indians 
should "sell, alienate or dispose of any land belonging unto them without the con- 
sent of Mr. Ed. Wyatt, which was the only business that ho had to Acquaint the 
Gor'r therewith in the behalfe of Mr. Ed. Wyat, as we heere doe testify under our 
hands, this present 29 tb of October, 1655." 



&£«~ r M<?& 




Will'm Benett 
John West Junior 
Toby West 



The marke \y(/ of W™ Godfrey 



The marke of w ^ John Talbutt 
Pindabake, Protector of John King 

the young King of 
Chiskoyake 
Signed and sealed in the presence of 
all whose names are here subscribed. 

T find the following grants of land to the name Wyatt and Wyat of record in the 
Virginia Land Registry Office: Ralph Wyatt, " Gent." Book No. 1, p. 590, lease 
to Richard Johnson, Roger Davis ami Abraham Wood, " planters," '.* one pnroeil 
of Islands," 1636 ; Henry Wyat, Esq., eldest son ot 'Sir Francis Wyat, p. 757. lease 
for 21 years, of 50 acres in Pasbyla'iers James City county for the raising or" corn for 
the better protection of the plantation, Dec. 16, 1641 ; Thomas Wyat, p. U I <">. 2000 ac. 
on the south side of the Rappahannock river. ** twenty miles up," Sep:. 24, 1643 ; 
George Wyatt, No. 2, p. 54, 250 acres in James City county, April 12, I0i2 ; Rich- 
ard Wyatt, p. 154, 500 acres in Mohjack bay, Aug. 20, 1615 ; William Wyatt. No. 3, 
p. 4, 400 acres in Gloucester county, April 27, 1653 ; p. 354, 300 acres in New Kent 
county. June 6, 1665; Edward Wyatt and Robert Grig, 4, p. 430, 370 acres in 
Kingston parish, Gloucester county, April 10, 1662; William Wyatt. 5, p. 2S6, 
400 acres in Gloucester county, March 16, 1663; Major William Wyatt, p. 43'J, 
1910 acres in New Kent county, May 20, 1661; William Wyatt, p. 133. 300 
ncres in New Kent county, May 20, 1661; Anthony Wyatt, p. 510. 2S2 acres 
in New Kent county, June 28, 1661: Thomas Wyatt. p. 608, 500 acres in M >'.;aek 
buy, May 0, 1666; William Wvatt, 6, p. 322, 500 acres in New Kent county. June 
20, 1670; Anthony Wyatt, p. 217, 39H acres in Charles City county, July 21, 1069; 
William Wyatt, p. 296, 2210 acres in New Kent county, April 17. 1609; p. 364, 
1SMJ0 acres in New Kent county, Oct. 21, 1670; 7. p. 32. 850 acres in New Kent 
county. April 25, 16S0 ; Henry Wyatt, p. 123. 64!) acres in New Kent county, April 
20, i*;,t2 '; John and Richard Wyatt, p. 321, 650 acres in New Kent county, Sept. 
20, 1683; Nicholas Wyatt, p. 510, 1 15 acres in Brandon parish [Charles City oun- 
tv'.'], April 27, 1686; John Wyatt, 9, p. 654, 700 acres in King and Queen county, 
May 2, 1705; James Wyatt, No. 10, p. 85, 139 in upper parish ufNansemond 
county, May 2, 1713; Richard Wyatt, p. 217, 2S5 acres in Charles City county, 
Aug. 15, 1715; Francis Wyatt, 2'.i, p. 635, 377 acre- in Prince Gorge County, 
gov. 25, 1713; Francis Wyatt and Mary Hawkins, No. 23, p. 20s, I oO acres in 
Pnnce George county, Aug. 20, 1747, and in same, p. 211, 200 acres in Amelia 
county, Aug. 20, 1747. 



44 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Anthony Wyatt was a prominent citizen of Charles City County, Virginia, 1060- 
70. — K. A. Brock, of Richmond, Va.] 

Nicholas Jupe, citizen & merchant Taylor of London, 10 March 1650, 
.proved 13 October IGol. To cousin Benjamin Jupe, his executers & as- 
signs, all my moiety or half part of two houses, &c. in the parish of S { 
Buttolph Aldgate, London, in the occupation of Richard English and Ed- 
ward Mott, and the house where a stone-cutter did dwell and my own 
dwelling house and so much of the dwelling house as is now in M r Finch's 
occupation, — which I and Richard English bought of Matthew Beanes. To 
the said Benjamin fifteen pounds and to his brother Johu & his sister Mar- 
garet five pounds apiece. To Anthony and Mary Jupe, equally between 
them, my half of fire houses which were bought by me and the said Richard 
English, standing in Gravel Lane in the Parish of Saint Buttolph without 
Aldgate, London, being in one row or rank, they to pay, out of the profits, 
to Christopher Jupe & Thomas Evans ten pounds apiece within two years 
after my decease. I give to Simeon Smith my half of four tenements 
granted by lease from the Hospital of Christ Church London. To Rebec- 
ca Smith, daughter of my brother Joseph Smith, my lease of tenements 
in the occupation of M r Mason & M r Ilarman. To the poor of Bishops- 
gate, to the minister, M r Fuller, to the poor of Aldgate. To Richard Eng- 
lish & John Euerett & to each of their wives twenty shillings apiece, to 
Sarah Martin & Mrs Katherine Jackson twenty shillings apiece, to Mr Dye 
and his wife twenty shillings apiece, to Simeon Smith forty shillings, to 
Sarah Wilmott ten pounds, to Rebecca UnckJes three pounds & to her 
mother four pounds, to my brother Christopher's daughter Mary five 
shillings, to my cousin Evans forty shillings, to my cousin Christopher Jupe 
forty shillings, to cousin John Jupe twenty shillings, to cousin Margaret Jupe 
twelve pounds, to Anne Foster twenty shillings, to my wife's sister Den- 
ton three pounds & to her daughter twenty shillings, to M r Hedges & his 
w T ife twenty shillings apiece, to Edward Smith the elder and Edward Smith 
the younger and to Elizabeth Smith (certain legacies), to William Harper 
forty shillings, to Thomas Jackson twenty shillings, more to Benjamin 
Jupe ten pounds, more to Joseph Smith & his daughter Rebecca Smith, 
&c. Loving friends M r Grimes, Richard English & John Everett to be 
overseers, Simeon Smith to be executor. Grey, 189. 

[At the time of the decease of the testator, the five houses in Gravel Lane above 
devi.-ed were in the occupation of " John Trigg senio r m rs oakeman ; widdow 
Izard widdow Bocken and m r Chambe" " and the interest of the testator's niece 
Mary Jupe, afterward Mary Morse, therein, was conveyed with other property by 
her husband John Morse of Boston in New England, salt boiler, by deed of mort- 
gage dated Nov. 9th, 1651, recorded with Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 2, fol. 180, to Capt. 
Robert Keaine of said Boston, uncle of said mortgagor, to secure the payment of 
£32. Capt. Keaine had advanced £15 to pay for the passage of Morse, his wife and 
his wife's brother, Benjamin Jupe, from New England back to Old England, and 
the latter sum was to be paid at the Golden Crown in Birchin Lane, London, on or 
before April 26, 1655, out of the rents belonging to the said wife or brother Benja- 
min Jupe remaining in the hands of Simeon Smith of Southwark. the executor of 
the foregoing will, as appears by a bond and order recorded fol. 183 and lb I. See 
also fol. 8(5 and 182. See note to the will of Benjamin Kaine (ante, xxxvii. 234). 
See also the abstract made by Stanley Waters of an indenture, found by him in 
the Suffolk Court Files, dated March 10, 1652, " between Benjamin Kayen of Lon- 
don Esquire, sonne and heire apparent of Robert Kayen of Boston in N. E., 
Esquire, on the one part, and Simeon Smith, Cittizen and Haberdasher, of London, 
the executor of the last will &c. of Nicholas Jupe, Cittizen & Marchant Tayler of 
London, deceased, of the other part." This abstract was published in the Register 
for July, 1881 (xxxv. 277).— Joun T. Uassaii.J 






1886.] -Genealogical Gleanings in England. 45 

Francis Newton* of London, grocer, 24 August 1GG0, proved 11 Jan- 
uary 1(301, now bound out on a voyage to Virginia. To wriffl Mary New- 
ton six hundred pounds within six months after my decease. The residue 
to my loving sisters Elizabeth and Susan Newton and loving brother Joseph 
Newton, equally, &c. Friends John Berry, Anthony Stanford & Joseph 
Wilson to be executors. Laud, 8. 

[See note " Newton of Kingston upon Hull, England, 1 ' Reg. April, 18S3, p. 
194.— R. A. Brock.] 

Richard Smith, of S* Dunstau's "West, London, Cook, 13 January 1GG0. 
proved 17 January 1661. To be buried in the parish church of S l Dun- 
stans in the West. Wife Joane. brother John Smith. To my sister Ann 
Hawthorne rive acres in the possession of John Alley, butcher, of the year- 
ly value of five pounds for her natural life. &c. and then to her two sons 
John & Nathaniel Hawthorne and their heirs equally. To my brother 
John Smith the reversion I purchased (after the decease of Anne Ilenmau, 
widow) of William Backhouse E^q., with remainder to his eldest son Satn- 
uel Smith & his heirs male, next to Richard Smith, second son of said 
brother John, then to the right heirs of the body of the said John Smith. 

I give and bequeath to William Hawthorne, son of Anne Hawthorne, 
my sister, the reversion of one pightle called Leachrye or Tan-house Figh- 
tle, containing by estimation three acres, in the possession of John Vincent. 
One third part of land called Welshman's (after my wife's decease) to my 
loving sister Mary Holloway and the heirs of her body, one third to my 
loving sister Rachel Ilorton & the heirs of her bodv, the remaining third 
to the children of John Topping begot upon the body of my sister Fru- 
dence and their heirs. To my wife the lease or leases of the two houses 
in Chancery Lane, &c. To my loving friend Mr Robert Hawe of Woke- 

Ingham twentv shillings to buv him a ring. To M r Sedgwick, with- 

out Temple Bar, ten shillings to buy him a ring. To the poor of the town 
of Wokeingham twenty shillings. To the poor of the parish of Wokeing- 
ham and dwelling in the said town twenty shillings. Lauds, &c. in Woke- 
ingham in the County of Berks. Brother John Smith to be executor 
& Richard Palmer of Wokeingham Esq. to be overseer. 

Wit : L. Astry, George Chapman. Laud, 9. 

[The Salem Hathornes, as well as the Hawthornes named above, were allied witii 
a Smith family, the immigrants, William and John llathorne (Reg. xii. 295 ; Eai- 
merton and Waters's Gleanings, pp. 52-5) having had a sister Anne who was the 
wife of Hu^b Smith (Reg. xxxix. 201-4).— Editor.] 

Hexrt Sewall of the parish of S* Michael in the city of Coventry, 
alderman, aged fourscore years or thereabouts. 1 Sept. 1G24-. proved the 
last of June 1628 by Margaret Sewall his relict and executrix. To my 
wife Margaret an annuity or yearly rent charge of eleven pounds, eight 
shillings, issuing out of certain lauds in Ausley in the county of Warwick, 
granted to me & my heirs forever, and now in the tenure of Elizabeth 
Throckmorton widow, and all my lands, tenements and hereditaments, with 
the appurtenances, &c. in the city of Coventry & in Corley and Coundon 
in the County of Warwick and in Radford Coundon in Urchenfield & 
Stoke in the county of the city of Coventry. To Henry Sewall, my eldest 
son, all my lands, tenements and hereditaments, &c. etc. in the hamlet of 
Radford in the county of the city of Coventry and in Coundon in Urchen- 
field in the county of the city of Coventry and in Condon in the County 
of Warwick, and all my lands, tenements & hereditaments, &c in Dog 

VOL. XL. 5* 



46 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Lane in the said city, in the occupation of Richard Buldwyn. a messuage 
or tenement & one garden, with the appurtenances, in Much Park Street, 
in Coventry, in the tenure of Henry Critchtovre, draper, ami all those mes- 
suages or "tenements, &c. &e. in the said city in the several occupations of 
John Ilarbert, William Hey ward. Richard Heyes or Walter tViggens, and 
all those three tenements in Little Park Street, in the occupation of M* 

Henry Davenport, Thorton, Katherine West, or their assigns, after 

the decease of my wife Margaret, and during his natural life ; then to the 
heirs of his body lawfully begotten, &c. ; also to the said Henry, my son, 
a tenement & garden, &c. &c. in Heylane in the said city, in the tenure of 
Bryan Conigrave. 

To Richard Sewall, my younger son, after the decease of my wife Mar- 
garet, lands & tenements, &c. in Corley, in the county of Warwick, which 
I lately purchased of Stephen Hales Esq. with the wyndell thereupon now 
standing, and other lands, &c. purchased of Richard Patchett. of Martin 
Whadocke & of Thomas Nicklyn and of Thomas Barre; also to the same 
Richard one messuage, &c. in Smithford Street, Coventry, in the tenure of 
JefTord, barber, and a tenement & certain stables called the Sextree in 
Coventry. 

To my daughter Anne, now the wife of Anthonie Power, my messuage 
& tenement, &c. &c. in Corley, now in the occupation of me the said Hen- 
ry, which I lately purchased of Daniel Oxenbridge, and other lands, 
&c. purchased of Thomas Patchet & of George & Walter Holbech, and 
two tenements in Bailie Lane in Coventry, one in the tenure of Theophi- 
lus Washington, and a messuage in High Street, Coventry, in the ten- 
ure of M r William Hancock, and a messuage in the suburbs of Coventry - 
in the tenure of John Lindou, and a messuage in the tenure of Roger 
Bird and a tenement in the tenure of Joyce Hobson, a widow and late in 
the occupation of Lawrence Armesou. 

To Margaret, my youngest daughter, now the wife of Abraham Randell, 
tenements without Newgate in the several tenures of Francis Robinson & 
Edward Coles, lands, &c. purchased of John Home of Stoke, gentleman, 
lands in the tenure of John Wilkinson, & of William, or Thomas, Pywall, > 

that my messuage or tenement & garden in Bailie Lane, in the city of 
Coventry wherein I now dwell, tenements, &c. in Bailie Lane in the oc- 
cupation of Roger Dudley, James Knib, William Miller, Edward Malpas, 
Johane Newland, widow, William Cumberledge & Edward Bissaker, a ten- 
ement in Earl Street in the occupation of John Wright, a garden in the 
occupation of M r Richard Clarke, a tenement I purchased of John Ham- 
mond, Doctor in Physick and tenements in Darbie lane in the occupation 
of the widow Wothon & the widow Kinsman. Reference also made to 
tenements in the occupation of Richard Faulkner. Raphe Mellowes, Peter 
Baxter, Henry Wetton, Randall Cleaver, Clerk. Thomas Hobson and John 
Hill. To my loving friend Humphry Burton forty shillings, &e. &c. Wife 
Margaret to be executrix and friends M r William Hancock, of Coventry, 
alderman, and my loving kinsman Reginald Home, gentleman, to be over- 
seers. To my cousin John Home a cloke cloth. 

Wit: John Brownell, James Brownell. Barrington, 63. 

[The eldest son of the testator of the above will, Mr. Henry Sewall, came over to 
New England and was the ancestor of the distinguished family of that name in 
Massachusetts. In E-sex County Court Papers (E)-jk xxvi. No. 59) may be found 
a deposition made 10 April, 1079. by Robert Walker, of Boston, Linen Webster, 
aged about seventy-two years, in which he testified that about tifty-six years before, 
living with his father in the town of Manchester, in Lancashire, within the realm 



1886.] 



Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



47 



of England, he did then know one Mr. Henry Scwall -who lived at the same town 
and in the same street with the deponent's lather, beinir his overthwart neighbor, 
and that afterwards the said Mr. Henry Sewall removed with his family to New 
England, and there dwelt in the town of Newbury, &c. &c. II. F. Waters. 

This will furnishes another example of the wisdom of the coarse pursued by the 
associated collection and publication of material of this kind. In the introduction 
to the Sewall Papers, now in course of publication bv the Mass. Historical So- 
ciety, after stating the investigations made by Col. Chester, the main results of 
whose search was placed in their hands, the editors state that the Sewall family 
cannot be traced beyond the two brothers (Henry, whose will is here given, and his 
brother William, both of whom had been mayors of Coventry in England). It is 
to be supposed that neither the editors nor Col. Chester had the detail which Mr. 
Waters furnishes your readers, for in the closing paragraphs of the will here given, 
the mention of his " loving kinsman Reginald Home, gentleman," who was made 
an overseer of the will,aud the bequest to his *' cousin John Home," furnish direct 
guides to obtain the name of the father of Henry and William Sewall. It ap- 
pears from the pedigree of the Home family, which is given below from the. 
Visitation of Warwickshire, 1619 (see Harleian Sue. Pub., vol. xii. p. 313),* that 
William Shewed married Matilda Home, and that her brother John was the father 
of both Reginald and John, who are mentioned in this will of Henry Sewall 
respectively as his '"kinsman" and" cousin." 

Reginaldus Home de Pickesley=Margeria fil. . . .Lee de Whitechurch 
in com. Salop | 

Matilda Winifrida Joh'es Home de=Jana filia Thomas Ellena uxor 
ux. Wii'i ux. Mathei Childes Areole I Morton de Ingleton Rob'ti 
Shewell Dorington in com. Salop | in com. Staff. Cooke 

Margareta Maria uxor Reginaldus Hornc=Anna filia 2 Johannes Alicia ux. Rici 

ux. Joh'is Hen. Crow- de Stoke infra I Tho. Holland de 

Unett de der de lil/tate? de Couen- | Pachet do Sadington in 

London Stoke iuxta try fil et hoar, j Barwell in 3 Tho- Com. Leic. 

Couentry sup'stes 1619 | Com. Leic. mas Clericus 



1 Anna 2 Johanna IIenricus=Cassandrj>- Joh'es=Martina Reginaldus 3 Fran- 

filia Home Frowlick ciscus 

Xr' •ofori de de Germania 
Randall London inferiori 
de Stoke Lime Street, 
fil. 2. 



Home fil. et 
haeres. aat. 31. 
annoru'. 1619 



Anna 

set. dim. 

Anni 1619 

Judge Samuel Sewall was always sharp in money matters, from the time when he 
received the dowry upon his marriage with the mint-master's daughter until his 
death, and whether his visit to his relatives was one of affection of for mercenary 
motives, it is plain that if he could get an honest penny, he went for it. He evi- 
dently had a full copy of this will, and displayed this paragraph from it in his 
Diary, under date of April 9, 16S9 : 

** To the said Margaret during her natural Life and after her decease to the Heirs 
of her Body issuing, and for want of such issue of her body, to remain to the right 
heirs of me, the said Henry the Testator, for ever." 

This extract is followed by a memorandum of the date of Margaret Randall's 
will, May 4, 1616. If this will could be found it might throw some light upon 
other relations. 

_ The Judge saw some of the real estate which had been left to his grandfather's 
sister Margaret, with the above proviso, and she had given it to the descendant* of 
her sister Anne, ignoring the rights of the descendants of Henry, her brother, the 
grandfather of the judge. He told them who he was, and offered to confirm the 
right (for a consideration ?), and he received the emphatic answer that his rela- 
tives would not give him 3d. for it. John Coffin Jones Brown. 1 



* AVas John Home ( otherwise Orne), of Salem. 
family ? 



descended from this Warwickshire 



48 .Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Noell Mew being intended by God's permission to go to old England, 
3 August, 1G91, proved -i April. 1700. To my wife Mary Mew, during 
her widowhood, all my estate, real and personal. But if she sees cause to 
marry, then she is to have out of my estate in England one hundred 
and ten pounds sterling in lieu of her dowry, in one year after her marriage, 
and all the household stutF. To my son Richard Mew all my farm Rockey 
Farm, &c, with the mulatta boy called George and fifty pounds sterling, 
he paying each of his sisters rive pounds per annum to help bring them up 
till of age or married, and then to be acquitted of the said payment. To 
him also my great bible and silver tankard. To my daughter Mary Mew 
one hundred pounds sterling, &c., an Indian jjirl called Jenny, one Spanish 
silver cup, one round silver cup, one silver dram cup with a funnel. To 
my daughter Patience one hundred pounds sterling, the negro woman Bess, 
six silver spoons. All my land in West Jarsey to be sold and the proceeds to 
be equally divided betwixt my said three children. My wife to be execu- 
trix and my friends William Allen, Benjamin Newberry and Feleg San- 
ford to be overseers. 

Wit : Richard Jones, Joseph Blydenburgh, Thomas Roberts, William 
Cload. 

Testimony, 22 December, 1692, that the above is a true copy. John 
Easton Gov r , John Greene Dep. Gov r , Walter Clarke, Benjamin Newberry, 
William Allen, Christopher Alnry. In the Probate the testator is called 
Noell Mew late of Newport in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence 
plantations, in New England, deceased. Noel, 59. 

[Richard Mew, of Stepney, merchant, was one of the first twelve proprietors of 
East Jersey, 1681 (N.J. Archives, i. 366,383 et seq.). Richard Mew, of New- 
port, R. 1., merchant, had an action at law against Jahieel Brenton in 1708. (R. I. 
Colonial Records, iv. 39. See also iii. 555.) — Editor.] 

Nathaniel Webb of Mountserrett, merchant , proved by Robert 

Webb, Esq., his son, 26 March, 1741. I grant full power and authority 
to my executors to make & execute a lease to my beloved wife Jane of 
all my negroes on and belonging to a certain plantation in the parish of S* 
Anthony in the said Island, commonly called Carrolls Plantation, with the 
house & lands in town (and sundry movables) for her natural life, she 
paying to my executors in trust for my children the yearly sum of two hun- 
dred and fifty pounds sterling. This in full satisfaction of her dower, also 
the use of half my house iu the town of Taunton one half of the furniture, 
&c. To my eldest son Robert my estate in the County of Somerset formerly 
under lease to John & Richard Barber of Taunton, and all my houses aud 
lands in said Taunton or elsewhere in England, and five thousand pounds 
sterling, &c. To my son Nathaniel my plantations in Mountserrait now 
under lease to John Dyer of the said island, and all my houses & lands in 
the said island, and my house and laud in the town of Bassterre in the 
island of S* Christophers. Item I give & bequeath to my son John all my 
lands in the County of Connecticut in New England near the town of Sea- 
brook, they containing about five hundred acres. To my brother John 
Webb of Abington one hundred pounds sterling, at the same time forgiv- 
ing him what he owes me. To my brother Harry Webb fifty guineas to 
buy him a mourning ring. To my executors ten guineas each to buy them 
mourning rings. To my sisters Anne Stone & Sarah Smith twenty pounds 
sterling each to buy them mourning & mourning rings. The rest cc resi- 
due to my five children, Robert, Ann. Ruth, Nathaniel & John. 

I appoint William Gerrish, Esq., in London^ Isaac Hobhouse of Bristol, 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 49 

merchant, John Paine of Taunton, mercer, Dominick Trant, Thomas 
Meade, George French and Peter Lee of this Island, Harry Webb of An- 
tigua and my son Robert Webb executors & the guardians of my children. 

Spurway, 78. 

Benjamin Plummer of Portsmouth in the Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New England Esq. 7 May, 1740, proved 12 March, 1740. To my 
esteemed friend Mrs Mary Macphederis my gold watch, my negro boy 
named Juba and a ring of live guineas price. To Theodore Atkinson Esq. 
my saddle Horse and to him & his wife each of them a gold ring. To M r 
John Loggin one suit of mourning apparel. The whole of my apparel to 
be sold for the most they will fetch in the town of Boston. To my hon- 
ored mother one hundred pounds sterling. The residue to be equally di- 
vided amongst my brothers. My brother M r Thomas Plummer of Lon- 
don, merchant & Theodore Atkinson of Portsmouth Esq. to be the ex- 
ecutors. 

Wit: Arthur Browne, James Jeffrey, Jos h Peirce. 

Proved at London by Thomas Plummer, power reserved for Theodore 
Atkinson the other executor. Spurway, 73. 

fl extract the following from a letter to me from Miss Plumer, of Enping, N. H., 
dated Nov. 1, 1885, in reply to an inquiry about Benjamin Plumer : '• In a note at 
the end of my father's manuscript genealogy of the Plumer family, my lather 
writes, ' Benjamin Plumer was appointed collector of Piscatatray in New England. 
His commission, of which I have a copy in the handwriting of R. Waldron, Sec r - V , 
is dated Feb. 11, 1730. It was sworn to before (>ov. Belcher, June 8 th , 1736. lie 
was perhaps the progenitor of the Portsmouth Plumers. There is a silver vase in 
the Atkinson family on which is inscribed the deaths of various persons, among 
the rest that of Benjamin Plumer, Esquire, who died May 8 th , 1740. aged '24 years. 
If this was the collector he was but twenty when appointed.' " — Com. by George 
Plumer Smith, Esq., of Philadelphia. Pa. 

In the New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. p. 864, is a letter from John 
Thomlinson to Theodore Atkinson, dated k ' London, 5 April, 1737." Mr. Thom- 
linson writes : " Altho the Bearer Mr. Plummer his coming over Collector in your 
place may be some Disadvantage or Disappointment to you, yet when I tell you I 
daresay he will prove the most agreeable Gentleman that you could have had, in 

every respect, you will excuse my here recommending him to your friendship 

He is a gentleman of good sense and of a very good family and good circum- 
stances." I presume that Plumer was an Englishman. — Editor.] 



Notes on Abstracts previously printed. 

Nathaniel Parker (ante, vol. xxxvii. p. 376). 

[" My god-daughter the daughter of my nephew Bernard Saltingstall." 
The pedigree of the Saltonstall family, given in Bond's Watertown, shows that 
Bernard Saltonstall was a great-grandson of Gilbert Saltonstall. from whom the 
New England family descended, through Sir Richard of iluntwicke. The Bernard 
Saltonstall referred to in the will was son of Sir Richard Saltonstall of North Ock- 
enden, co. Essex. Susanna, sister of Bernard, married William Pawlett of Cottiea 
in co. Wilts, who was a grandson of William Pawlett, first Marquis of Winchester. 
(See Dr. Marshall's Visitation of co. Wilts, 1623, p. 92.) 

Joux Coffin Jones Brown.] 

Richard Perne ; Rachel Perne (ante, vol. xxxviii. 311 and 429). 

[It was noticed in Rachel Perne's will that she cut off Edward Rawson, our faith- 
ful Colonial Secretary, with the proverbial shilling, although she bequeathed to 
Rachel, his wife and her daughter. £40. 

By a deed of his recorded in Suffolk Deeds, vol. iii. pp. 413 and 414, he acknow- 
ledges receipt of a marriage 4i portion of £300, which he long since Receaved with 
his wile." This accounts for the omi.-sion to bequeath anymore of the Perne es- 
tate to him on its final distribution by will. John Coffin Jones Brown. 1 

VOL. XL. 5* 



50 



Ancestry of Col. William Willougkby, 



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1886.] Ancestry of Col. William Willoughby. 



51 



SUGGESTIONS AXD INQUIRIES RESPECTING THE ANCES- 
TRY OF COL. WILLIAM WILLOUGHBY, 

Father of Deputy Governor Francis Willoughby of 
Massachusetts. 



■A* 



An elaborate account of Dep. Gov. 
Francis Willoughby and of bis father, 
Col. William Willoughby, prepared by 
Mr. Isaac J. Greenwood of New York, 
appeared in •• The N. E. Historical and 
Genealogical Register" for Jan. 1870. 

From this and other sources of in- 
formation the following particulars have 
been obtained. 

In the " King's Pamphlets " (British 
Museum) it is stated that Col. William 
Willoughby was a native of Kent. la 
the Civil War. 10-14, he was Colonel of 
a regiment of " the Hamlets of the Tow- 
er,"' and rendered active and successful 
service on the side of the Parliament. In 
1 048-9 he was appointed Master Attend- 
ant for Portsmouth and Commissioner of 
the Navy. Letters to and from him. in 
the ' ; Calendar of State Papers," show 
that he was treated with much respect by 
the Government. After his death " The 
House referred to the Council of State to 
make payments to Col. Willoughby of his 
moneys, which, with great willingness and 
good affection, he laid out for defence of the river of Thames in the time of 
the insurrections of Kent and Essex, and of other moneys due to him from 
the State." He died in 1651, aged sixty-three years. He was therefore 
born about 1588. 

I have photographs and a water-color drawing of his mural tablet in St. 
Thomas's church, Portsmouth. Above the inscription his arms are em- 
blazoned: they are Or freity azure; crest: a lion's head couped at (he 
shoidders, guardant Or, between two wings expanded,^ mantled Gules, dou- 
bled Argent. The helmet above the shield is that of the nobility — five gold 
bars slightly in profile, the helmet steel. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Willoughby, widow of the Colonel, died about 1052. 
His son Francis Willoughby came to Xew England in 1038, with his 
wife Mary. In 1051 he went back to England. In 1052 he was appoint- 
ed to succeed his father as Commissioner of the Navy. In 1058 he was 
ch osen Member of Parliament for Portsmouth. In 1GG2 he returned to 

* These arms are the same (omitting quarterings and differences) as those ascribe 1 by 
Bnrke in his "General Armory," ed. 1S78, to "Sir Francis Willoughby, bom at B ova- 
champ Court, co. Warwick, knighted ia Ireland in Ib'lJ. Sir Bernard Burke sent me a 
copy of the arms with description. 




From an impression of the seal of 
Dep. Gov. Francis Willoughby. 



52 Ancestry of Col. William Willoughby. [Jan. 

America, bringing with him a third wife, Margaret Locke, widow of Dan- 
iel Taylor, a wealthy merchant of London.* He became Deputy Gover- 
nor of Massachusetts in 1GG5, and continued in otfice till his decease in 
1G71. lie was one of the most influential friends of the colony, both in 
this country and in England. In Frothinghatn's " History at Charles- 
town " he says of Willoughby : " He is mentioned in warm terms of affec- 
tion by his contemporaries It is to such far-sighted men as Willough- 
by that New England owes its liberties." For his good services the Colo- 
nial Government voted to give him a thousand acres of land. A writer 
describes his funeral — k * the doleful noise, the thundering volleys of shot, 
the loud roaring of great guns rending the heavens with noise at the loss 
of so great a man." " He left a large estate, of which £G00 was in money 
and plate." 

Dep. Governor Willoughby 's arms, still existing on a seal upon a deed, 
are the same as those on his father's tablet, but drawn with more accuracy. 

There have come down from the Dep. Governor several articles which 
still remain in the family, pieces of silver, a diamond ring, a gold snuff-box, 
etc. A letter written in 18G4 by the wife of a descendant,! formerly Amer- 
ican Consul in Italy, describes one of the family relics thus: "It is a table- 
cloth composed of fine linen, with two rows of exquisite needlework across 
it, said to have been wrought by Queen Elizabeth when she was confined 
in the Tower, in her sister Mary's reign, and given by her to Francis Lord 
Willoughby, who was a relative, and thus handed down." I have since 
learned that there is a private mark embroidered upon one end, with the 
initials F. M. W. at the other. A letter of about the same time from an 
old lady in Windham, Connecticut, a descendant, ^ives the tradition that 
the tablecloth wrought by Queen Elizabeth in the Tower was given to a 
Maid of Honor of hers, who was one of the Willoughbys, by whom it came 
down in the family. We suppose the statements need to be united to make 
a complete whole. The story has descended with the tablecloth, and is 
probably as old. 

There is also a very large, massive, richly carved chest, owned by the 
late Mr. Theodore Raymond of Norwich, Conn., in which the tablecloth 
and other articles are said to have been brought from England. The carv- 
ings inside of the lid represent two scenes : one of Sir Walter Raleigh 
spreading his cloak before Queen Elizabeth, the other of some gay party 
of pleasure — boats among little islands, with a turreted castle in the back- 
ground. The drawings are very quaint. Between the scenes is a coat of 
arms, of which the shield has either a cross or lines to make four quarter- 
ings on what is now a plain field (perhaps originally painted), and the sup- 
porters are a lion without a crown and a unicorn without a chain, in the 
attitude of the same animals on the royal arms of England, but with the 
dexter and sinister reversed. The shield is surmounted by a ducal coro- 
net, and has apparently the rose of England in the mantlings. 

The first Mrs. George 15. Loring, of Salem, Massachusetts, a descendant, 
through another line, from Dep. Gov. Willoughby, wrote several years ago 
as follows : " I have heard my aunt, who lived to be ninety-two, speak of 
her remembrance of articles of value said to have come down from noble 
Willoughby relatives in England." 

These are the facts, traditions and relics which have come down to the 

• Her descent from the heraldic families of Locke and Cole is irivca in " The X. E, 
Hist, and Gen. Register" for January, 1831. 
t Dr. Baker, of Noiwalk, Ohio. 



1886.] Ancestry of Col. William Willoughby. 53 

American descendants of Col. William and Dep. Gov. Francis Willoughby. 
In seeking for the ancestry of these gentlemen we naturally go to Kent ; 
and we find that the Willoughbys of Beauchamp Court, co. Warwick, from 
whom came the Sir Francis Willoughby knighted in Ireland in 1010, whose 
arms were similar, as I have said, to those our Willoughbys bore, were 
from the same ancestry as the Kent family — descendants of the Willough- 
by de Eresby and the Wollaton Willoughby families. Searching in the 
Kent family, before the time of Col. William, we find two marriages be- 
tween these two families — two sons of Thomas Willoughby,* the Sheriff of 
Kent in 1500, of the de Eresby family, having married two daughters of 
Sir Francis Willoughby of Wollaton ; as Sir Fercival Willoughby of Bore 
Place, co. Kent, married Bridget Willoughby, eldest daughter of Sir Fran- 
cis, while his brother Edward married her sister Winifred. f 

Now I find that Margaret Willoughby. sister of this Sir Francis of Wol- 
laton, was assigned, in 1555, to the household of the Princess Elizabeth at 
Hatfield, with whom she remained till her marriage, in 155S, to Sir Mat- 
thew Arundel. The Princess was a great-granddaughter, anc l Margaret 
Willoughby a great-great-granddaughter, of Elizabeth Woodville. Cham- 
bers's ik Cyclopaedia " states that Princess Elizabeth was sent to the Tower 
in 1554, and remained there some months, for some time was kept a pris- 
oner at Woodstock, daring the remainder of Mary's reign (till 1558), and, 
" though occasionally at Court, resided chiefly at Hatfield House, where 
she occupied herself ivith feminine amusements and the study of classical lit- 
erature." Though Miss Margaret Willoughby was not assigned as Maid 
of Honor to the Princess until some months after she had left the Tower, 
yet, being her second cousin once removed, she may easily be imagined to 
have been near the Princess's person before her official appointment. She 
shared her captivity elsewhere, during the three years or more she was in 
her service before her marriage. . 

The coincidences will be noticed between the American family-traditions 
and the facts of English history. All will unite to make a complete whole, 
if a place can be found for Col. William Willoughby, either in the family 
of Bridget who married Sir Percival Willoughby, or in that of her sister 
Winifred who married his brother Edward. Both ladies were daughters 
of the Sir Francis whose sister Margaret was Maid of Honor to the Prin- 
cess. Margaret might well be supposed to have given to her brother any 
articles received from the Princess ; and they would have been most care- 
fully handed down in the family of one of his daughters. In regard to 
dates, Sir Percival Willoughby was knighted in X603 (fifteen years after 
the birth of Col. Willoughby), and died in 1642. In point of time he could 
have been his father. In the pedigrees I have seen the names of five 
sons of Sir Percival and Bridget are given ; among whom William does 
not appear. No children of Edward and Winifred Willoughby are named 
in those pedigrees ; perhaps Col. William was their son. If he could be 
placed in either of these families, his family-traditions would be verified. 

One version of the family-tradition respecting the tablecloth embroidered 
by the Princess Elizabeth speaks of it as having been given to Francis Lord 
Willoughby, who was a relative; the other says it was given to a Maid 
of Honor of hers, a member of the Willoughby family. History tells U3 

• It is stated in Hasted's Kent, vol. 3, p. 220, that this Thomas Willoughby bore for his 
arms Or frctty Az. 
t " Visitation of County Nottingham for 1-509 and 1614," pp. 149, 185. 



54 Ancestry of Col. William Willoughby, [Jan. 

that Margaret "Willoughby, sister of Sir Francis and second cousin once 
removed of Princess Elizabeth, was her companion during most of her 
captivity ; and she may have been, perhaps, actually in the Tower with her. 
William was a frequent early name in the Willoughby family: the name 
of Francis was constantly repeated. The fact that Col. William Willoughby 
fought on the Cromwellian side may have separated him from his father's 
family, and caused his name to be dropped from their pedigrees. 

I add a few suggestions in regard to the arms above referred to, aided by 
facts furnished me in recent letters from my valuable correspondent Mr. 
Isaac J. Greenwood of New York, which seem to tend to confirm the rela- 
tionship of which I have inferred the existence between Col. William Wil- 
loughby and the Willoughby de Eresby family. 

The arms of the early Willoughbys de Eresby were undoubtedly Or 
fretty Azure. These were borne by Robert de Willugby, afterwards Lord 
Willoughby de Eresby, at the siege of Caerlaverock in Dec. 120'.), where 
he attended King Edward I. The earliest crest mentioned in the collec- 
tions of Glover, the Somerset Herald temp. Elizabeth', who drew up an 
account of the Willoughby family, is a bat or demi-hat volant, the wings 
fretty. This crest was used on the monument of Peregrine Bertie Lord 
Willoughby de Eresby, son of Catherine Willoughby, Duchess of Suffolk, 
and Lord Richard Bertie, who took his mother's name, as well as her title, 
and signed himself " P. Willugby." It is described as " a bat displayed, 
mantled gides, doubled argent." The bat is also found among the armorial 
bearings on the monument of his father and mother. 

From a manuscript in the library at Canterbury we have the arms of 
Peregrine Bertie Lord Willoughby as borne in 1590, the crest a full, 
round, fierce head, as though of a lion, but the wings on either side are 
those of a bat and fretty. This crest, with a distinct lion's face and a bat's 
wings Or fretty Azure is engraved in Edmondson's " Baronagium Genea- 
logicum," vol. i. p. 54, as that carried by Robert Bertie, the son of Pere- 
grine Bertie or " Willugby," Lord Willoughby de Eresby, who succeeded 
his father as Lord Willoughby de Eresby in 1601, and was created Earl 
of Lindsey in 1627. By consulting the pedigree prefixed to this paper, it 
will be seen that he descended from Sir Christopher Willoughby, who was 
also the ancestor of that branch of the Willoughby de Eresby family which 
intermarried with the Wollaton Willoughbys, and to which belonged Sir 
Percival, who married Bridget, and whose brother Edward married Wini- 
fred, both daughters of Sir Francis Willoughby of Wollaton, and nieces of 
Margaret Willoughby, Maid of Honor to Princess Elizabeth. 

It will be seen that the bat's face of the early Willoughbys had been 
changed to that of a lion, while the bat's wings had been retained. 

This early crest seems to have been dropped by many branches of the 
Willoughby family who still bore the shield Or fret'y Azure. Their crest 
was generally a man's bust ducally crowned. Previous to the edition of 
Burke's " General Armory," published in 1878, the crest a lion's head 
guard, couped at the shoulders Or, between two icings expanded Or fretty 
Azure, did not appear as a Willoughby crest; but in that edition Sir Ber- 
nard Burke gives this as the crest of Sir Francis Willoughby knighted in 
Ireland in 1610. In a private letter to me, Sir Bernard says that this Sir 
Francis was from Beauchamp Court, co. Warwick. The quarterings of his 
arms, as well as his place of residence, show that he was of the same descent 
as the Willoughbys of Kent. The pedigree prefixed to this paper shows 
that Robert Bertie Lord Willoughby and Earl of Lindsey, was third cousin 
of Sir Percival Willoughby of Bore Place, co. Kent. 



1886.] Ancestry of Col. William Willoughby. 55 

It is evident that, the bat's head having fallen into disuse, no care was 
taken to retain the exact form of bat's wings. Sir Francis Willoughby, 
knighted in Ireland in 1G10, used the crest a lion's head guardant couped 
at the shoulders Or, between two wings expanded Or fretty Azure, the hind 
of wings not described. 

On Col. William Willoughby's tablet the wings on each side of the lion's 
head are irregular and indistinct in their outline, and may have been those 
of a bat outspread, but the drawing is bad, and I have copied instead the 
more clearly defined, though small, design upon Dep. Gov. Francis Wil- 
loughby's seal. By reference to the description of the mural tablet it will 
be noticed that Col. William has not only the lion's head Or between two 
icings expanded, but even the mantlings ''gules, doubled argent," described 
as on the monument of Peregrine Bertie Lord Willongliby. 

There is however one discrepancy. On the tablet the lion's wings are 
painted Gules. But any one who in these days has had dealings with 
heraldic draughtsmen, knows the difficulty of securing accuracy even now, 
and can easily understand how mistakes might have been made, nearly 
two hundred and fifty years ago. by the original draughtsman, or by some 
later restorer, in painting the wings Gules when the mantlings which sur- 
rounded them were of that color. 

Putting together all the facts and correspondences, I have not hesitated 
to believe that Col. William Willoughby's entire crest is the same as that 
used in the other instances mentioned, and that his full arms should be given 
as: Or fretty Azure; crest: a lion's head guardant couped at the shoul- 
ders Or, between two wings expanded Or fretty Azure, mantled Gules, dou- 
bled Argent. 

Therefore, when we find that there was used on the mural tablet of Col. 
William Willoughby of Portsmouth, and on the seal of his son Dep. Gov. 
Francis in America, the same coat-armor which was borne by Sir, Francis 
Willoughby knighted in 1G10. of the Warwickshire branch of the Kent 
familv, and the same crest which was borne bv the earlv Willoughl 



lOVS 



Eresby, and by the Bertie branch of this family, may we not believe that 
they had a right to it by descent? They both held high official positions, 
had the confidence of the Governments they served, and the respect of the 
people. They were both too long well known in public life to have ventur- 
ed to assume arms without a title to them, and so to claim a lineage to 
which they had no right. Even if, after the great lapse of time, we cannot 
find a record of the birth of Col. William Willoughby in the pedigrees of 
the Willoughbys of Kent, may we not, should r,o proof to the contrary be 
found, trust the evidence of his arms and the coincidences between his ram- 
ily-traditions ;md the facts of history, and feel justified in believing him to 
have belonged to that family ? 

But it is with the hope of obtaining fuller knowledge that this paper is 
printed. 

Information is also desired in regard to the family of the wife of Col. 
William Willoughby. I only know that her name was Elizabeth, and that 
she survived her husband, ller Will was witnessed in London, May. 1002. 
by Hen: Paman, John Parker (name of Parker doubtful), and Charles 
Towne. It was recorded in Boston, "f. 2. 1CG3." A seal attached to her 
signature bears a chevron engrailed between three boars' heads. It may or 
may not have belonged to her. She makes her ** much respected and sin- 
gular good friends Robert Thompson and John Taylor/' both of Loudon, 
the overseers of her Will. 



56 Records of Winchester, JV~. H. [Jan. 

She gives most of her property to her son Dep. Gov. Francis WillotHb- 
by, but leaves legacies to her sister Mrs. Anna Griffin of Portsmouth, wife 
of William Griffin, to her sister Jane Hammond of Virginia, a id Mrs. 
Hammond's son Laurance Hammond. Margaret, widow of Dep. Gov. 
Wilionghby, married this Hammond for her third husband. In Mr. Henry 
Fitz Gilbert Waters'* Genealogical Gleanings, published in " The Xew 
England Historical and Genealogical Register " for April. 1885, he men- 
tions Rebecca Saintbury or St. Olave, South wark, co. Surrey, widow, as 
making in her Will, dated 30 November, 1077, a bequest to her niece Eliz- 
abeth Griffin in Virginia. Among early grants of land in Virginia is one 
of 16G2, Dec. 9, to William Griffin. This is about the time when Dep. 
Gov. Willoughby proved his mother's Will. This Elizabeth Griffin may 
have been her niece and namesake. The Griffins may have gone to Vir- 
ginia to join their relatives the Hammonds, who were there before this 
time. Can the family-name of Mrs. Elizabeth Willoughby be ascertained ? 

Any reader of this paper who can assist in tracing the ancestry of Col. 
William Willoughby, or that of his wife Elizabeth, or throw any light on 
any single point here presented, is requested kindly to communicate with 
me. Address : 

Mrs. Edward Elbridge Salisbury. 

June, 1885. New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America. 



PARTIAL COPY OF RECORDS OF TIIE TOWN OF WIN- 
CHESTER, N. H. 

Communicated by Johk L. Alexander. M.D., of Belmont, Mass. 

Continued from vol. xxxix. p:ige 348. 

• Births* 

Children of Caleb & Harriet (Locke) Alexander 

Gardner b Nov 1 st 179-4 Harriet b Apr 27 th 1797 Louisa b Sept 7 th 
1799 Emily b Oct 11 th 1800 Timothy b Feb 2G th 1803 

Children of Calvin & Rhoda Chamberlain 

Amos b Apr 14 th 179-1 Calvin b Oct 7 th 1795 Melonia b Mar 24* 
1798 

Children of Joshua & Naomi Cook 

Zadoc b Mar ll t:1 1794 Clarissa b Janv 23 d 1796 Chloe b Mar 23 d 
1798 Naomi b Deer 24 th 1801 Hulda b Nov 5 :h 1804 Everson b 
Deer 7 th 1807 Abel Hammond b Mar 20 th 1810 

Children of Johu & Susannah Knapp 

Lamson b Au* 13 th 1794 Elijah Alexander b June 19 th 1795 John b 
Mar 13 th 1797 

Children of Ezra &: Caroline (Goldsburv) Parker 
John Goldsburv b Slay 14 th 1794 Ezra Aldis b May 14 th 1795 Sally 
b Dec — 1790 Gardner Oilman b July 21 st 1798 Reuben Alexan- 
der b Mar 2 d 1800 Aba-ail b Mav D* 1804 Caroline b Deer 14 th 
1805 Mary Ann b Apr 21 st 1807 Maria Ann Lany b Nov 21* 1809 

Children of Samuel & Sophia Hill 

Eliot Ashley b Deer G t!l 1795 Silas b Deer 8 th 179G Royal b Aug 20 th 
1798 Daniel Sophia Harry 

* The heading of these records, vol. xxxix. p. 346, should be Births instead of Baptisms. 



1886.] - Records of Winchester, JV. II. 57 

Children of Elisha & Charlotte Smith 

Horatio b Nov 3 d 170-3 Mary & Martha b Feb 3 d 1798 

Child of Daniel & Ensebia Twitchell 
Henry b Sept 14 th 1705 

Children of Elisha & Hannah Knapp 

Melinda b July 22 d 1787 Clark b Apr 18 th 1789 in Richmond N H 

Clarissa b 1705 Sophia b Mar 15 th 1797 Harry b Jany 11 th 

1799 Ora H b Jany 1 st 1804 in Winchester by 2 d wife Lucretia Al- 

Children of Charles & Polly Mansfield 

Hannah Punderson (Henderson ?) b May 11 th 1795 Betsey b Oct 11 th 

179G Pvella (Rolla?) b Apr 25 th 1799 Charles 

Child of Joseph & Martha Miles 

Joseph b Sept 19 th 1795 
Child of Pearley & Rhoda Hutchins 

Pearley b Oct 17 th 1795 
Children of Jesse & Olive Guernsey 

Abner b Oct 24 th 1796 Eunice b Nov 12 th 1798 
Children of Henry & Rebeckah Pratt 

Mariah b Jany 6 th 1796 Henry b July 6 th 1797 Marshall b Sept 25 th 

1799 Adison b Feb 21 st 1802 Sophronia Eliza Charlotte 

Horace Julius 
Child of Levi & Elizabeth Ripley 

Mariah b Oct 11 th 1796 
Children of Noadiah & Polina Kellog 

Loisa b Nov 27 th 1796 Mary How b Apr 11 th 1798 Josiah b Deer 

15 th 1799 
Children of William & Keziah Ripley 

Samuel b Aug 15 th 1796 William b June 11 th 1797 Francis b Jan 

25 th 1799 Elizabeth b Mar 28 th 1802 Keziah b May — 1804 Jo- 
seph b 
Children of Ephraim & Sarah Watkins 

Truman b May 6 th 1796 Walter b Feb 10 th 1799 Philany b Aug 3 d 

1803 
Child of Moses & Lucretia Cadwell 

George Washington b Deer 28 th 1797 
Children of Ephraim and Grata Hawkins 

Parmelia b Apr 3 d 1797 Daniel b Aug 13 th 1799 Pamelia b Aug 13 th 

1802 
Children of Asahel & Hepsibah Jewell 

Pliny b Sept 27 th 1797 Hepsibah b Aug 15 th 1799 Hepsibah b Oct 

2 d 1802 Moses Chamberlain b Aug 8 th 1804 Hepsibah Nurse b Nov. 

16 th 1805 Asahel Leonard b Nov 16 th 1810 
Child of Luther & Olive Vary 

Olive b Feb 14 th 1797 
Child of Daniel & Sarah Burlingale 

Sally b May 29 th 1798 
Children of Gersham & Sally Brigham 

Alvin b Oct 21 st 1798 Becca Merill b Feb 27 th 1802 
Children of Jesse & Rhoda Spaulding 

Salathiel b July 15 th 1798 Elijah b Mar 12 th 1800 

VOL. XL. 6 



58 . The Wis wall Family of America. [Jan. 

Children of Amos & Mary Adams 

Joab F b Oct 17 tu 1G99 Lita b Deer 13 th 1801 Noah b June 2 d 1801 

Asal Dennison 
Children of John & Phebe Erskine 

Gilman b May 28 th 1799 Pollina b Deer 25 th 1801 George b Deer 

18 th 1803 
Child of Seth Hammond & Anna Morse 

John Gilman Morse illegitimate b Sept 6 th 1799 
Children of Porter & Hannah Wood Samuel b Nov 24 th 1801 Almena 

b Aug 31 st 1805 
Children of Loved & Abagail Haskius 

Nehemiah b Deer 14 th 1800 Lowra (Laura?) b Mar 21 st 1804 
Child of Dr Joseph & Content Stowell 

Parmelia b Jany 22 d 1800 
Child of Ebenezer & Lucy Copeland 

Orrab Deer 8 th 1801 
Child of Jesse & Mary Stowell 

Esther b Nov 13 th 1882 
Children of Asa & Abagail (Alexander) Alexander. 

Horace b Mar 5 th 1803 Eunice b Deer 2 d 1804 John Locke b Deer 

21 st 1806 Charles b Mar 8 th 1810 Francis b Feb 8 th 1812 Harriet 

Locke b Feb 16 th 1814 Albert b Feb 13 th 1817 Amos b Deer 5 th 1819 

Sarah Ann b Feb 28 th 1822 Henry b Mar 24 th 1824 Esther Marion 

b July 1 st 1827 
Children of John & Abagail Bogle 

Eliza b Deer 4 th 1803 John b Aug 11 th 1805 Loiza b Feb 15 th 1807 

Nathan Bent b Feb 25 th 1809 Mary b Deer 18 th 1810 
Child of Shubal & Prudence Robinson 

Hannah b Mav 22 d 1803 
Children of Samuel & Polly Goss Polly b Mar 29 th 1803 Edward b 

Deer 9 th 1805 Willard Conaut b Oct 19 th 1807 Leonard b Sept 21 at 

1811 
Child of John & Christian Taylor 

Windsor b June 25 th 1803 
Children of Walter & Martha Follett 

Mary b Mar 20 th 1806 Dexter b Sept 3 d 1808 
Children of Samuel Pickering 

Ferdinand b Mar 22 d 1809 Loring b 31 st 1812 Alcander b 

Elvira Samuel 
Child of Tertius and Hannah Lvman 

Tertius Alexander b Mar 13* 1812 



THE WISWALL FAMILY OF AMERICA. 

Four Generations. 

By the Rev. Anson Titus, Amesbury, Mass. 

,-LDER JOHN WISWALL, of Boston, whom Savage saja was a 
' brother of Thomas Wiswall, of Dorchester, married a daughter of 
Thomas Smith, of London ; probably had a second wife. His children 
were: John ; Hannah, married, l&t Mahahaleel Mannings, 2d William Read, 



E 



1886.] - The Wiswctll Family of America. 59 

and 3d Thomas Overman. She died in 160 1. Dehor ah ; Mary, married 
E rounds ; Esther, married Daniel Fistier; Martha, married John Cutter, of 
Charlestown ; Lydia, married Ballard ; Ruth, married Henry Mount- 
fort, their son Ebenezer, II. C. 1702 ; Rebecca, married Matthew John- 
son. Other children died young. The following is the inscription upon 
his gravestone: ki Here lyeth buried ye body of John Wiswall, seruant of 
Jesus Christ, Elder of the Fir^t Church in Boston, a^ed 80 years. Departed 
this life the 17 th day of Aug 1 Anno Dum. 1687" John Wiswall, 2d, mar- 
ried 1st, Mellicent ; married 2d, Hannah , and had John, born 

March 21, 1C67, who was " a young man with somewhat original objurga- 
tory tendencies."* John, 2d, was a mariner, and died about 1700, leav- 
ing widow Mary who married a White. John "Wiswall, 2d, is mentioned 
as "a well-known and wealthy citizen." First Report of Record Com- 
missioners, page 40. None of the Wiswall name of to-day are of this line. 

1. Thomas 1 Wiswall, said by Savage to have been a brother of the fore- 

going John. He resided in Dorchester, Cambridge, Newton ; was 
born in England; came to New England in 1G35; married 1st, 
Elizabeth ; married 2d, late in life, Isabelle, mother of Ed- 
ward Farmer, Billerica, and widow of John. The second wife died 
in Billerica, May 21, 1GS6. He died December 6, 1683. He was 
an elder of the church, aad was a useful man in every department 
of church, official and social life. Children : 

2. i. Enoch, b. 1633. 

ii. Esther, bapt. 1635 ; m. May 1G, 1655, William Johnson, Woburn ; had 
nine children. 

3. iii. Ichabod, b. 1637. 

4. iv. Noah, bapt. Dec. 30, 1638. 

v. Mary, m. Samuel Paysoh. (So stated by Jackson and Savage.) 

vi. Sarah, bapt. March 19, 1653 ; m. Nathaniel Holmes. 

vii. Ebenezer, b. 1646 ; m. Mar. 26, 1635, Sarah Foster, widow of Elisha and 

daughter of Giles Payson. He died June 21, 1691. His widow died 

in 1714. 
viii. Eliza, b. April 15, 1649. 

The Dorchester Church records contain the baptism of Benjamin Wiswall 
and Mary 16. 2 mo. 49. Savage places Benjamin among the children of El- 
der John Wiswall, but adds that Mr. Ebenezer Clapp, •' after most patient 
investigation," thinks that he and another child named Henry " may have 
belonged " to Thomas. 

2. Enoch 2 Wiswall (Thomas 1 ) married Nov. 25, 1G57, Elizabeth 

daughter of John Oliver, Boston, " the scholar." She died May 
31, 1712, aged 75 years. He died Nov. 28, 170G, aged 73 years. 
Vide Oliver family, ante, Reg. 1865, p. 100. Children : 

5. i. John, b. Dec. 10, 1653. 

ii. Enoch, b. Jan. 10, 1661 : d. young. 
iii. Hannah, b. April 6, 1662. 

6. iv. Oliver, b. Jan. 25, 1664-5. 

v. Elizabeth, b. April 28. 1667; d. April 25, 1692. 

vi. Esther, b. Dec. 28, 1669 ; m. Silence Allen, Jan. 20, 1692. 

vii. Susanna, b. Aug. 2, 1672 ; m. Edward Breck, April 1, 1693. He d. in 
Dorchester, Sept. 3, 1713, a?ed 39 years. 

viii. Enoch, b. April 6, 1675 ; d. Oct. 8, 1670, 

ix. Mary, b. Aug. 27, 1077 : m. Samuel Robinson, March 13, 1706. 

x. Samuel, b. Sept. 2, 1679; II. C. 1701 ; ordained over church at Edgar- 
town; unmarried; d. Dec. 23, 1746. 

7.1ii. l&B, } twins, b. Feb. 25, 10,3. 

« Vide Bay State Monthly, January, 18S4, pp. 24-7, and February, 1884, p. 128. 



60 . The Wisicall Family of America. [Jan 

3. Ichabod 2 Wistfall ( T/i o?)i as 1 ) married 1st, Remember : mar 



ried 2d, Priscilla Peabody, Dec. 24, 1697, daughter of William 1 

(John 1 ) and Elizabeth (Alden) Peabody. Friscilla was named for 
her grandmother Prisoilla (Mullens) Alden, wife of John. Ichabod 
entered Harvard College, but did not graduate. He was ordained 
pastor of church in Duxbury, and died there July 23, 1700. His 
wife Priscilla died in Kingston, June 3, 1724, a. 71 years. Children : 

i. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 6, 1GT0 (by first wife) ; m. Elisha Wadsworth, Dux- 
bun,* ; d. Jan. 25, 174 i. 

ii. Mercy, b. Oct. 4,1630; m. Dea. John Wadsworth, June 25, 1701; d. 
Nov. 12, 1716. 

iii. Hannah, b. Feb. 22, 16S2 ; m. Rev. John Robinson, her father's succes- 
sor in the Duxburv pastorate. Vide Reg. vol. viii. p. 173. 

8. iv. Peleg, b. Feb. 5, 1683. 

v. Perez, b. Nov. 22, 16S6. Not mentioned in father's will, 1700. 

vi. Priscilla, b. Dec. 21, 1691 ; m. Oct. 23, 1716, Gershoin Bradford. Vide 

Keg. vol. iv. p. 50. 
vii. Deborah, m. Samuel Seabury, Oct. 17, 1717 ; d. in 1776, aged 84. 

4. Noah 2 Wis wall {Thomas 1 ) married Theodocia, daughter of Deacon 

John Jackson, Dec. 10, 1664. Resided in Newton. He died July 
6, 1690. His widow afterwards married Dea. Samuel Newman, 
Rehoboth, as his third wife. Children : 

9. i. Thomas, b. April 29, 1666. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 30, 1663 ; m. Rev. Thomas Greenwood, H. U. 1690, 
Rehoboth, Dec. 28, 1693. He died Sept, 8, 1720. She died in Wey- 
mouth, Jan. 24, 1735. Had several children, among whom John 
(H. C. 1717), who succeeded his father in pastoral office. 

iii. Caleb. 

iv. Margaret, b. March 1, 1672 ; m. Nathaniel Parker ; d. July 30, 1736. 

v. Hannah, b. April 1, 1674; m. Caleb Stedman, Roxbury, 1697. 

vi. Mary, m. Nathaniel tongley. 

vii. Esther, b. April 1, 1678. 

viii. Sarah, b. Jan. 5, 1651 ; m. 1702, Joseph Cheney, Newbury. 

5. John 3 Wiswall {Enoch, 2 Thomas 1 ) married Hannah, daughter of 

Richard Baker, May 5, 1685. She died Sept. 18, 1690, aged 28 

years. He married, 2d, Mary . Resided in Dorchester. 

Children : 

i. Enoch, b. Jan. 7, 1685. 

ii. John, b. Nov. 15, 1688 ; m. 1st, Sarah Pierce. June 25, 1719. She died 
Dec. 31, 1747, and he m. 2d, Elizabeth, widow of John Capen, Nov. 
1750. She died May 12, 1790, in her 87th year, and he died Sept. 12, 
1774. Had eleven children by first wife — Hannah. Abigail, Ann, 
James, Esther, Lois, John, Sarah, Rachel, Lucy and Francis. 

6. Oliver 3 "Wis wall {Enoch, 2 Thomas 1 ) married Sarah, daughter of 

John Baker, Jan. 1, 1690. She died April 20, 1755, in her 87th 
year. Pie died March 14, 1746. Resided in Dorchester. Children: 

i. Thomas, b. Aug. 9. 1692; m. Elizabeth Jones, Oct. 17, 1717. She died 

July 22, 1748. He died Nov. 21, 1752. Children: Sarah, Thomas, 

Mary and Elizabeth. 
ii. Hannah, b. Jan. 18, 1694-5 ; m. Edward White, Brookline, Jan. 22, 

1718-19. 
iii. Enoch, b. March 19, 1697 ; m. Susanna Cocks, Nov. 30, 1722. She died 

July 15, 1772, and he died Feb. 6, 1784. 
iv. Ebenezer, b. March 3, 1699. 
v. Oliver, b. June 2, 1702 ; m. Mary Minot; March 18, 1730. She died 

Jan. 2, 1795, in her 90th year, and he died Feb. 13, 1791. 
vi. Ichabod, b. Sept. 11, 1704. 
10. vii. Saaiuel, b. April 13, 1707. 
viii. John, b. Jan. 6, 1712. 



1886.] . The Wiswall Family of America. 61 

7. Ebenezer 3 "Wis wall (Enoch," Thomas 1 ) married Anna Capen, of 

Dorchester, Nov. 30, 1721. Children : 

i. Ebenezer, b. June 10, 17*22. 

ii. Mary, b. April 7, 1724. 

iii. Oliver, b. Nov. 24, 17-25. 

iv. Noau, b. Nov. 23, 1727. Settled in Westminster and died there, 1S01. 

v. Daniel, b. Nov. 20, 1729. 

vi. Job, b. Sept. 10, 1731 ; d. Nov. 6, 1731. 

vii. Esther, b. Dec. 2$, 1732. 

viii. Samuel, b. Oct. 3, 1734 ; m. Sarah Dyer, July 18, 1759, in Worcester. 

ix. Elijah, b. Dec. 22. 1733 ; d. Jan. 1G. L733-9. 

x. Ann, b. Jan. 11, 1739-40 ; d. Feb. 10, 1739-40. 

xi. Hannah, b. July 3, 1742 ; d. Sept. 16, 1742. 

xii. Ichabod, b. Dec. 18, 1743. 

8. Peleg 3 Wiswall (Ichabod, 2 Thomas 1 ), II. C. 1705, married Elizabeth, 

daughter of Dr. Samuel Rogers, II. C. 1CSG, of Ipswich. Published 
in Ipswich, Nov. 21, 1719. She died Dec. 1, 1743, a. 47. The fol- 
lowing is the inscription npon his tombstone in Copp's Hill, Boston : 
" Here Lyes buried the Body of Mr. Peleg Wiswaft, late Master of 
the North Grammar School, died Sept. 2 ad 17G7, in the 84 th year 
of his age." Mr. Wiswall became master of the Boston Grammar 
School early iu the century. He was engaged for six months, in 
1705, as per Memorial History, vol. ii.. and invited to the North 
Grammar School in 1719. The Memorial History may be in error 
when it says that a sou of the same name was given liberty tor a 
writing school for this winter (1729) iu the chamber of the Alms- 
house. Children : 

i. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 4, 1720. 

ii. Daniel, b. Feb. 13, 1722 ; m. Sarah Hall, April 12, 1753. She died Sept. 
17, 1769. aged 33. Buried in Cambridge. 

iii. Priscilla, b. Dec. 17, 1725. 

iv. Sarah, bapt. in Old South Church, Boston. May 4, 1729. 

V. John, b. April 15, 1731; II. C. 1749; settled over parish Falmouth, 
1756. In 1764 changed religious views and settled over Episcopal 
Church in Portland ;^was a loyalist in the Revolution : went to Eng- 
land in 1775, where he was a curate ; at close of Revolution he estab- 
lished hiin-eii'at Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, where he died in 1812. He 
m. Mercy Minot, of Brunswick, daughter of Judge John Minot. Had 
family, among whom was son Peleg, Judge of the Supreme Court of 
Nova Scotia. Sabine's Loyalists, vol. ii. p. 448. 

9. Thomas 3 "Wiswall (Noah, 2 Thomas 1 ) resided in Newton on home- 

stead of his father; married Hannah Cheney, of Newbury, Dec. 17, 
169G. He died 1709. His widow married Dea. David Newman, 
Rehoboth, June, 1719. Children: 

i. Hannah, b. Oct. 15, 1697. 

ii. Noah, b. Sept. 1699. Had a son John born 1753, who removed to Marl- 
borough, N. H. Vide History of Marlborough, p. 700. 

iii. Sarah, b. March 4, 1701 ; m. John Newman, 1730. 

iv. Mary, b. Oct. 1, 1702. 

v., Elizabeth, b. Aug. 25, 1704 ; m. Nathaniel Longley, Jr. 

vi. Thomas, b. 1707 ; m. Sarah Daniel, Neelham, Deer 20, 1733 ; settled in 
Medway, Mass. 

vii. Ichabod, b. 1709 or 10 ; settled in Attleborough. 

10. Samuel 4 Wiswall (Oliver,* Enoch, 2 T/tomas 1 ) married Elizabeth 
Franklin, Oct. 17, 1733, in Dorchester. Children : 

VOL. XL. 6* 



62 New England Gleanings. [Jan. 

i. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 29. 1733-4. 

ii. David, b. Nov. 13, 1735. 

iii. Jonathan - , b. Feb. 11, 1737-8. Settled in Holliston, where be died in 
1803, leaving wife Mary, sons David, Oliver, and several daughters. 

iv. Moses, b. Dec. 15, 1710. 

v. Ruth, b. Oct. 12, 1712; m. Joshua Sabin. {Ante, Reg. vol. xxxvi. 
p. 57.) 

vi. Benjamin, b. Aug. 20. 1745. 

▼ii. Lucr, b. Dec. 20, 1740; m. Sylvanus Sabin, and from whom the com- 
piler descended. (Ante, Reg. vol. xxxvi. 1882, p. 57.) 

viii. — , b. Aug. 24, 1751. 

ix. Sarah, b. Aug. 10, 1753. 

x. Samuel, b. April 24, 1758. 



NEW ENGLAND GLEANINGS. 

("Continued from vol. xxxix. page 185.] 

UNDER this head we print items furnishing clews to the Eng- 
lish residences of the settlers of New England. 

XL 

Registry of Deeds of Suffolk County — Vol. viii. page 392. — Philip Tor- 
rey aged fifty-nine years or thereabouts, heretofore of Combe St Nicholas 
in the county of Somersett within the Realme of England, there living un- 
til the yeare sixteen hundred and forty (yeoman) in that year removein^ to 
New England, with William Torrey & Samuell his son both of the sd Comb 
St Nicholas with whome he lived for severall years & being arrived in 
New England settled and hath ever since lived in Roxbury in the county 
of Suffolk in New England aforesd, on his corporall oath deposed that hee 
well knew & was acquainted with the sd William Torrey the Father, and 
Samuell Torrey his sonn all the whiles hee lived in Comb St Nicholas 
aforesd in Old England & ever since he came to New England and to this 
day, beeing in their company on his oath affirms them to bee the same 
William Torrey & Samuel Torrey father & sonn abovesd, havin^ several 
opertunities in each year to see and confer with them ever since, they being 
in good health this day being the fifth of March 1673-4. 

[Same paper as above.) George Fry also of Combe St Nicholas deposes 
he came in 1G40 in the same shipp with Wm Torrey & Sam'l Torrey his 
sonn — " and being arived in New England settled and ever since have lived 
in Weymouth." 

Com. by John J. Loud, Esq., Weymouth, Mass. 

[I send the following abstract from a copy of a will in my possession : 
Will of John Hollister of the precincts of the Castle in the City of Bristol [Glou- 
cestershire], cordwainer, being aged. Dated Sept. 12, 1600. To late wife's'grand 
dau. Jone \Y~ebb ; late wife's grand son Brice Webb. The meeting house to which 
I usually go. Late wife's grand dau. Mary Mitten's [possibly Mibben's] two daus. 
Mary and Elizabeth. To my daughter Elizabeth, wife of William Taylor, a chest 
marked I. G. which was her mother's maiden chest. My cosen Hannah Conway 
wife of Mr. William Conway of Westport near Malmsbury, Wilts. Mv brother- 
in-law William Shipp of Saterby in Acton, Glouc, and" his wife. My brother 
Shipp's two sons Daniel and John which he had by my sister. My cosen John 
Hollister, son of Abel llollister late of Yeate in Glouc, dee'd. All the rest of my 
brothers' and my sisters' children, " excepting my cosen Samuel Alway " [query, 



1886.] JVeiv England Gleanings. 63 

Conway] because as I judge he defrauded his sister Hannah Conway and her hus- 
band of a bond of £10." To my cosen Samuel IJollister of Burrington, Somerset, 
the management of the ground there in the parish of Huntspil, Somerset, called 
Catchams Tin the possession of Francis Seaker ; "and also the Ground called Tor- 
revs (12 acres) wherein Capt. William Torrey and his son Mr. Samuel Torrey hath 
(sic) lease for their lives in it (sic), both lying (sic, query "living"?) in New 
England," he to collect rents, »fcc., " till otherwise ordered by them in New Eng- 
land," and to discharge a legacy of £22-19-0 to Mr. Conway and his wife of Malmes- 
bury, Wilts. " To 8 ministers, that is Mr. Thomas Barnes of Welles, Mr. Axell 
of Wootton, Mr. Barnes of James" schoolma.-ter, Mr. Winncy, Mr. Dancey ol'Sta- 
belton, Mr. Smith of Barton and Mr. Scarle of Marshfield 20 s. each." To my 
cosen Axell of Wootton & Mr. Smith of Saford's Gate. "To 5 poor women viz 
w° Noble in Temple street, w° Peugh of the AJms house, w° Ilyes with out Salford's 
Gate, w° Harris in Thomas street and Mrs. King behind St. Philips church yard." 
To Jane Parker. To my cosen Abel Hollister's six sons. To Mr. Thomas Seroope 
& Doctor Chauncy for charitable uses £2. yearly for seven years out of my house 
in the Castle. To my dan. in law Elizabeth Taylor's mother's grand children, 
Mary Mitten's [possibly Mibben'e] children to have their mother's part. To my 
cosen Philip Hollister niy house "in" the Castle ditch for life " if lease last so 
long," with remainder to my grandson Brice Webb. To my grand dau. Jone Webb 
my house "by" the Castle ditch. All the residue to my cosen Philip Hollister. 
Appoiut him sole executor. My son in law William Taylor and friend Jonathan 
Allen to be overseers. Proved Dae. 5, 1690.— William H. Upton, of Walla Walla, 
W. T.] 

XII. 

John Boden aged 66 deposes at Salem Sept — 1730 that he well knew 
Arthur and Andrew Alger of Scarborough (Reg. xxix. 270) and always 
understood from them that they called their place Dunstan after the place 
they came from in England. 

Mass. Archives, xv. A. p. 11. — Elizabeth Scott, aged about 47, relict of 
the late Robert Scott, of Boston, deposes 4 Dec. 1663 that about 26 years 
ago she well knew one Robert Smith, said to be a wine cooper in London 
w T ho came over with his wife to New England and brought with them his 
sister Mary Smith, and had sent over his sister Anne Smith the year be- 
fore. That when Robert Smith and his wife went back to England, he 
left his two sisters behind — That Anne Smith about 25 years ago married 
John Kenrick then of Boston and had several children by him. That Mary 
Smith married Philip Torrey and has children and is still living in Boston. 

[Peter Gardiner of Roxbury testifies that Mary Torrey's first husband John Scar- 
borough was killed at Boston, shooting off one of the great guns. — h. e. w. 
See Gleaning XL — Editor. 1 

Id. viii. 92. — Joseph Cooper, of Birmingham, County Warwick, King- 
dom of England, aged 75, and Thomas Guest, of said Birmingham aged 84, 
depose 7 Dec. 1700, that they kuew old Anthony Pen a shoemaker iu said 
Birmingham long since dead who had several children viz. Guy Pen, John 
Pen, William Pen, Athony Pen, and Elizabeth Pen, all which except y e 
said William Pen these Deponents know to be dead, and say y* above 50 
years agoe y e sd William Pen went into New England in America where he 
is said to be dead also. That said John Pen and Elizabeth Pen died with- 
out issue; that said Guy Pen died leaving but two children viz. Elizabeth 
and Mary, which said P^lizabeth has been dead many years and y e said 
Mary is now living and y e wife of one James Ensor living in Deritend a 
vill next adjoining to said town of Birmingham, that said Anthony Pen 
the son left several children who are all dead without issue except Lis son 
Anthony a shoemaker whom they know and who is now living in health 
at Birmingham. 



64 New England Gleanings. [Jan. 

Id. xv. A. 269. — Alexander Stewart deposes 7 June 1764 that be was 
born and brought up at Belfast in Ireland and there lived until about 33 
years of age, and then came over into this Province where I have lived 
about 30 years more. 

Id. ix. 125. — Writ against Sir Robt. Robinson Knt late Lieut. Governor 
and Commander in Chief of Bermudas als Summer Islands at present resi- 
dent in Boston— dated 12 July 1692. 

Id. xv. A. 40. — 3 Nov. 1749. Pierre Bellee and Julius Jacques Girau- 
det, two French surgeons petition for and receive permisson to settle in Mas- 
sachusetts — and their permission to depart from Louisbourg is dated 20 
Oct. 1749. 

Id. xv. A. 59. — Mr. Joseph Crellius, a gentleman of Franconia and for 
divers years past a resident in the Colony of Pennsylvania. — Letter of 1 
Aug. 1750. 

Id. viii. 266. — Isaac Robardo and Samuel M c Kinnon both of S f Christo- 
pher's now residing in Boston, depose 14 Sept. 1730, they were personally 
acquainted with Mr. George Fames of S* Christophers aforesaid, but now 
of said Boston. 

Id. viii. 237.— 30 Jany 1720. Lettuce Bedgood, wife of Capt. Edward 
Bedgood of Boston, mariner, deposes that about 6 years since she lived at a 
place called Ringwood in the County of Hampshire in Great Britain, she 
beiti^ born there and having alwavs lived there till her marriage : that she 
knew and was well acquainted with Edward Baily of said town of Ring- 
wood, clothier, who died about 14 years since, who had two sons named 
Richard Baily and Henry Baily which were the children living of said Ed- 
ward when she left Ringwood : that she very well knows the said Henry 
Baily having on the day of the date hereof seen him in Boston — the said 
Henry being always reputed the lawful son of said Edward Baily deceased 
by Mary his wife who was living when this deponent left Ringwood. 

Id. viii. 238. — Richard Baily of Dorchester in N. E. husbandman, de- 
poses 30 Jan'y 1720 that he was the son of Edward Baily clothier and 
Mary his wife who was lately living — and was born in Ringwood in the 
County of Hampshire in Great Britain, and came over into this country 
about 4 years since. That he has a brother Henry Baily now living in 
New England — whom this Deponent saw on the day of the date hereof — 
and one sister named Frances, who with himself are all the children now 
living left by his said father and mother. 

7c?. viii. 238.-28 July 1718. Thomas Spencer, Master of the ship " Al- 
exander " at the order of the Court gives bond in £25. to save the town of 
Boston harmless from charges for support of John Bellow an infirm passen- 
ger he brought with him in said ship. 

York Reg. i. 19. — 5 May 163G. Thomas Bradbury Aofent for Sir Fer- 
dinando Gorges conveys 500 acres on the Piscataqua River to Edward 
Johnson for the use of John Treworgy of Dartmouth. 

[This Thomas Bradbury is supposed by the late John M. Bradbury, Esq.. to have 
been a son of Wymond and Elizabeth (Whitgif't) Bradbury of 'Wicken Bor.ant in 
Essex, baptized in that parish, Feb. 28, 1610—11 ; and he'produces evident that 
makes ^conjecture extremely probable (Reg. xxiii. 203-O). Elizabeth Whitgift, 
wife of Wymond Bradbury, was a niece of Archbishop John Whitgift (Idem, p. 
262). Thomas Bradbury, "the agent of Gorges, was in England, May 1, 1634, as he, 



18SC] - iVeic England Gleanings. Co 

with the noted Thomas Morton, witnessed a deed executed that day (Reg. xxxii. 
pp. 50-4). A fac-simile of his autograph will be found on p. 54 of that volume, 
which may he compared with his autograph at a later period of his life, which is 
given in the Register, xxiii. 263. — Editor,] 

Id. i. 259; 9 May 1661.— Robert Fletton writing from " Haulborne 
hills Corner house going into Scroupe's Court against St. Andrews Church 
London" to <; Mr [Sylvester ?] Herbert a Taylor liveing at Pishchataqu* 
river 100 miles Eastward from Boston in New England " states — "your 
wife's mother in London whose name was Mis Ramsey, shee being now 
dead left mee her Executor & by her will .... £100 was to bee payd to 
you or your assigns by teun pounds a yeare for the education of your daugh- 
ter .... It was given to her as Liveing in the Barbados. 

The bearer is my friend .... his name is Mr. Edmund Caverly." 

Id. i. 91. — 16 Oct. 1C59. Pierre La Croix acknowledges himself in- 
debted to Nicholas Shapleigh, of Kittery, in the sum of £40: 9s. to be paid 
in good " Muskavado Sugar " at the bridge Towne in Barbados. 

Witnessed by Henery Barkecley, Antipas Mavericke, Jacope Tomker. 
Stephen Spencer. 

Id. i. 89. — Certificate from the Registry of the Court of Probate at "West- 
minster, that on the S : ' a day of September 1653, " letters of administration 
upon the estate of William Berkley late one of the Aldermen of the City 
of London, were granted to Henry Berkley the natural & Lawfull Sonne of 
the said deceased .... who desessed without anie will" .... 

Id. i. 200. 1 Oct. 1G60.— " Hen: Barklet " acting as Attorney for Capt. 
Walter Barefoot. 

Com. by William M. Sargent, Esq., Portland, Me. 

XIII. 

Mass. Archives, xxxix. 554. — William Thompson aged about 28. May 
26. 1677, lived with his uncle Mr John Cogswell of Ipswich 16 years, and 
when in Old England last Winter heard " my father" Dr. Samuel Thomp- 
son say that " my uncle " had a turkie work carpet there. 

Id. xl. 193. — James Boaden in 1684 says he came from Ireland with 
John Jones on account of Mr Samuel " goukeing " of Cambridge " who 
transferred me to his brother Edmond Batter of Salem, who transferred 
me to his kinsman John Felps of Salem," &c. 

Id. lix. 127. — Richard Hollingworth of Salem in 1673, says his father 
arrived about 40 years since with a family of twelve and a good estate 
and was the first builder of vessels. 

Essex County Court Files, xxxv. 92. — Mary Wayte aged, 40 years, June 
25, 1681, testifies about Mr Farley coming over from England in 1075 
and entering upon the fulling mills of Richard Saltonstall Esq at Ipswich. 

Id. xliv. 28-33.— John Peach aged about 80 years says June 23, 1GS4. 
that John Bennett dec'd came w r ith him into N. E. in the same ship in the 
year 1C30, and his wife Margaret some years after, and they lived many 
years in Marblehead, where they had one daughter called Mary. No other 
child. John Devereux, aged about 70 and wife Ann about 62 say July 1. 
1685, that Mary, dau. of John ^ Margaret Bennett dec'd was wile of 
Christopher Codner dec'd and afterwards m Richard Downing & had many 
children, by Chris. Codner she had Joane who in Joseph Bubier. 



66 Relation concerning JVew England. [Jan. 

Id. xliv. 74, — John Codncr deposed at Boston May 28, 1685 as witness 
to Letter of Attorney, executed at Sherburne, County Dorset, England by 
John Hudd, Mch 5, 1684, to Bartholomew Gedney of Salem. 

Id. xlix. 143. — Margaret wife of John Searle of Marblehead in 1 GOO, 
calls Richard Girdler a Jersey Rogue. 

Id. liii. 11. — Marblehead inhabitants represent in 1667, that many came 
there from England New Fouudland and elsewhere and some were unde- 
sirable. 

Id. xxvi. 67. — Jeffrey Thissell of Abbotsbury, County Dorset, England, 
now of Marblehead, 1675. 

Id. xviii. 82. — Elizabeth Barker of London, widow, only daughter and 
heiress of Hugh Peters sometime heretofore of Salem, N. E. deceased, 
Clerk, confirms to Robert Devereux of Marblehead, Tanner, the farm of 
350 acres now in his occupation June 30, 1704. 
, [See Register, xxxix. 373. — Editor.] 

Id. xi. 132. — "The Testimony of John -Devoreux of Marblehead aged 
about Eighty years, — Testifieth & Saith y* about y e yeare of Our Lord 
One thousand Six hundred & Thirty I came over from old England to New- 
England & y e place of my abode and residence has been at Salem & 
Marblehead Ever since & when I came hither here was an old Sqwah 
Called old Sqwaw Sachem y e Sqwaw of y e deccd Sacheni which had three 
reputed sons, viz: John James and George, whoe were y e Reputed Sachems 
& Owners of all y e Lands in these parts as Salem, Marblehead, Linn and 
as far as Mistick & in those dayes y e Land where Salem Towne Now 
Stands & y e Lands adjacent was Called Nahumkege by y e Indians & Eng- 
lish Then Inhabiting in these parts : Sworne, Marblehead, December y e 
24, 1694, before ns John Hathorne Just pc & Coram 

Benjamin Browne ) T 
JOBH Hanson j J"st. peace*. 

Com. by Henry E. Waite, Esq., of West Xeicton, Mass. 



RELATION CONCERNING THE ESTATE OF NEW- 
ENGLAND.— About 1634. 

Communicated by Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, A.M., of London, England, vrith Intro- 
duction and Notes by Dr. Charles Edward Basks. 

THE subjoined document is properly to be accounted a part of 
the harvest of " Gleanings " made by Mr. Waters for the 
Register, but is here treated separately on account of its length 
and importance. It wa3 not first discovered by Mr. Waters, how- 
ever, as a large portion of the same manuscript was copied for John 
Scribner Jennes3, Esq., and printed by him in 187G in his private 
edition of "Transcripts of Original Documents relating to New 
Hampshire," pp. 21-25. In that form the document was scr^n by 
but few persons to whom the limited private edition was available, 
and it is now believed that a complete collated reprint of the manu- 



1886.] Relation concerning New England. 67 

script will attract the attention which it deserves, and secure for it 
a worthy place beside the similar Maverick MS. found by Mr. 
Waters and printed in the REGISTER (vol. xxxix. pp. 33-48). 

It is certain that this document was considered an important col- 
lection of information at the time of its writing, as three contempo- 
rary copies have been found in the British Museum, — Sloane Col- 
lection, Nos. 2505, 3105, 3448, — by Mr. "Waters, 1 as stated in 
his note at the end of the " Relation. " It is possible that this im- 
portance might have arisen from the character of the writer, who 
may have been sent out officially by the Council for New England 
to gather material, or he may have been some well known traveller, 
for the authorship is anonymous. There are some few points in 
it, however, which help us to give it a date and possibly a habi- 
tation and a name. The writer refers to the plague which 
decimated the Indian tribes of New England, R w ch happened," he 
says, M about 17 years since." This plague is by general consent 
assigned to the three years, including 1616-1618, and if we add the 
" 17 years" above stated to the mean of the period occupied by the 
plague, we shall make 1634 the proximate date of this document. 3 
The single reference the writer makes to his own personality is at 
the close of the manuscript where he describes himself as " noe pro- 
fessed Scholler," which for purposes of identification is exceedingly 
vague, and leaves us to infer simply that he was not a college graduate. 
However, he says, " my aboade was farre distant from neighbo" . . . 
myselfe and Colonie allwayes professinge the doctrine discipline of 
the Church of England." This seems to point, without much doubt, 
to the settlements at the mouth oi % the Piscataqua or in the Province 
of Maine, which were colonized by Churchmen. Among the prom- 
inent inhabitants of the former locality, the name of Captain Walter 
Neale suggests itself as a possibility because of his official connec- 
tion with the New Hampshire settlements, having been in effect a 
" Governor " of all the territory owned by Mason and Gorges as 
early as 1630, by virtue of his connection with the Laconia Compa- 
ny. He could well say he was " noe professed Scholler," as he 
was a soldier by education, "having served," he says, K in all the 
Kings expeditions for the last twenty years ; and commanded for 
four years the Company of the Artillery Garden," of London. 3 He 
returned to England in August, 1G33, and December 12, following, 
was recommended by King Charles for reappointment as captain of 
the Artillery Garden. 4 After his return to London he may have 
drawn up the w Relation " printed below, for the use of Mason and 

1 Jenness printed a portion of No. 3-113 in bis " Transcripts." 

2 The origin il authorities on the subjeci of the Indian Phume are Mourt's Relation 33, 42. 
Gorges, Briefe Narration, lib. i. p. 12; Bradford, Pryraonth Plantation, lOo; Cushman, in 
Young, Chronicle- of Pilgrims, 225, 2qS; Eligginson, Now England's Plantation, Mas?. 
Hi-t. Coll., i. 123; Morton, New English Canaan, lib. i. c. 3; White, Planters' Pica, c. iv.; 
Johnson, Wonderr Working Providence, lib. i. c. 8. 

3 Colonial State Papers, ix. 131. 

4 Domestic State Papers (Charles I.), eclix. 76; coinp., Repertory, xlviii. f. 39'J. 



68 . Relation concerning Xexc England. [Jan. 

others, and the date of the paper, as computed above (1G34), would 
eeem to make this a plausible guess.' 

Other names might be suggested > but it would be a mere list of 
names of prominent persons who could have written it, and such 
speculations; with not as much basis as the surmise above made, 
would be unprofitable. 

The words in brackets appear in one or more of the copies collated 
by Mr. Waters, and such interpolation will be noted in the refer- 
ences to foot-notes with the initials H. F. w. 

Charles E. Banks. 



A [TRUE] RELATION CO>:CERNYXGE THE ESTATE OF 
NEW=ENGLxVND 

[AS IT WAS PRESENTED TO HIS MaTIE], 

A Relation Concerninge Xew England 
ffor the perfect understandinge the state of New England these three 
thinges deserue consideration viz 1 , 
i The Countrie, 

2 The Comodities : 

3 The Inhabitants : 

TlTE COUNTRTE. 

Scittuation ]Sew=England is scituate in the North part of the Maine Con- 
Clymatc. tinent of America included w th in the degrees of 40 and 48 of 
Northerly Latitude a Clymate through out all the world esteem- 
ed temperate and heakhfull and by experience it is found that noe 
Countrie enioveth a more salubrious aire then New-England, and 
though the Winter be more sharpe then ordinariely heare, yett it 
is lesse offensiue by reason the aire is more cleer and the cold all- 
wayes drie 

Sea Coasts The sea coast is rathe 7 a lowe then a high land full of headlands 

an pJ^ land or causies w ch are Rocky The Inmost parts of the countrie are 
mountaynous intermixed w th fruitful! valleyes and large Lakes, w ch 
want not store of irood ffish the hills are noe where barren though 
in some places stonie. but are fruitfull in trees and grasse 

Rivers. The Countrie is full of Rive ri ffresh brookes and springes the 

rive" abound in plentie of excellent lush as sturgion Basse &c. 
yett are they full of falls w ch makes them not navigable farr into 
the land. 

Harbours. There is noe countrie greate 1 " stored of good Harbours then in 
New=England. 

s One other piece of collateral evidence may be here considered. The writer says in the 
Relation, that the patent? of •' Cassiea " (Casco) and ,; that granted to John Strattcn vrere 
at ray Cominge away forsaken." The Casco patent to which he refers is the one ^ranting 
6000'acres to Christopher Levett, who built in 1024 a fortified house on House Island, Port- 
land Harbor. This paten: was soon " forsaken " by Levett, and not till the spring <A 1033 
did George Cleevcs settle there under this w dead and outwornc title," as Trelawny styles 
it. Neale may not have known in August, 1633, of this settlement of Cleevcs when he 
sailed for England, and so stated that i: was " forsaken" at his " coming away." Strat- 
ton had a jrrant of 29 ( ;() acres, 1 December, 1031, on the south side of Cape Porpus, but 
never settled there. (Trelawny Papers, 102, 199; comp. Levett, Voyage into New Eng- 
land, passim.) 



1886.] 



Relation concerning New England. 



69 



Seas. 



Soile. 



Beastes. 



ffoule. 



ffertilltie. 



ffi*h and 
Beaver. 



Natiues. 



The seas borderinge the shore are full of Islands and plentiful- 
lie stored w ,h the best ffisb as Codd Hake Haddock Mackerell &c : 

The Soyle of New-England is generally fruitfuli abounding in 
Wood of all sorts proper to this Countrie, there are besides great 
plentie of Pyne ffirr spruce and some Ciedar it is fruitfuli in 
grasse where the highnes of the woods hinder it not, the Come 
used in the countrie is the Indian Maize called Turkey Wheate, 
but all sorts of English graine, where they are sowne thriue ex- 
ceedinge well, the soyle naturally produces wild veynes in abound- 
ance and some whose grapes for bignes surpasse the grapes of 
ffrance and were they husbanded would questionless excell in 
goodnes there are three sorts of plants whereof Lyunen and Cord- 
age may bee made, the coursest sort excells our henipe aud the 
finest may equall the coursest silke 

The land doth nourish aboundance of deere beares and the 
beasts called moose peculier to those countries, and -the brookes 
Rive r * and ponds are well stored w th Beave™ Otte" and mus- 
quashes, there are ^alsoe dine" kindes of small beasts but those 
offensiue are onely wolues and ffoxes 

There is alsoe great plenty of all sorts of ffoule in theire seuerall 
seasons especially Turkyes Geese and Ducks : 

To conclude what soetier the earth in England or ffrance doth 
either nourish or produce though it may not att this present bee 
found in New England yett beinge transported or planted will 
thriue and growe there to more then an ordinarie perfection 

ComODITTE 

The most valuable comodities the Countrie will afford are theis 
ffish Beaver skins wyne Pitch Tarr Lynnen Cordage Iron and 
Tymber of all sorts for shippinge, what Mines or Minerall except 
Iron are in the Countrie is yett unkuowen for want of tryall 

Off theis Comodities onely Ifish and Beave r skins are for the 
p r sent made use of 

The ffish of theis parts is noe where excelled and bringes into 
England yearely great store of ready money from ffrance and 
Spaine The Beaver likewise w ck comes from thence preserues 
w th in this kingdome both money and merchandises w ch otherwise 
would bee exported for the same into ffrance and other countries : 

The other Comodityes are to the Plante" as yett unusefull 
nethe r caun they w th Proffitt bee undertaken untill the Countrie 
shalbee so sufficientlie stored w th Corne and Cattle as it will ffeede 
the Inhabitants w th out any dependance for supplie from England 

It is most probable that salt may bee made in New England 
ffor the sunn and weather are of sufficient strength to make it 
And soe large a tract of land and so full of Marishes by the sea 
side cannot waunt some grownds proper for that use 

IxniBIJAXTS 

The Inhabitants of New England are of two sorts the natiues 
and the Plante™. 

The natiues of the Countrie are att this tyme verie few in 
number though heretofore populous distroyed by a great and 



VOL 



generall plague W 1 

. XL. 7 



happiued about 1/ yearcs since, leavinge 



70 



Relation concerning New England. 



[Jan. 



Dutch plan 
tacoD. 



ffrench. 



not the fortieth person liveinge since w ch time they have neue r 
increased, they liue nere and arnonge the English but are beneficiall 
to them onely in the trade of Beaue r w ch they exchange for our 
Comoditics Theire want of people makes them not feared by us 
as not beinge able to doe much mischeife ; w ch otherwise doubtles 
they would doe as was found by lamentable experience the last 
yeare. 6 

What the manne™ and customes of these Indians are is trulie 
and att large related by a tfrenchman whose booke is translated 
into English intituled Nova ffrancia: 7 

The Plante" of newe England are of three seuerall nations, 
English ffrench and Dutch 

• The Dutch are seated uppon the southwest part of New 
England on the uttermost borde r confiuinge Virginia they are 
there planted by authoritie from the Indian Companie, not 
acknowledging his Ma tlC3 royaltie, who though they are not 
profitable to theire maste" by reason of the great charge in 
maintenance of servants and souldie", yett are they a great 
hindrance to the English Colonies in their trade of 13eave r , ffor 
that one Rive r whereon they are setled yeilds as much (if not 
more) beaver then ali the rest of New England planted by the 
English, and may bee esteemed yearelie about tenn thousand 
pounds waight of beave r the Rive rs and Countries adioyninge. 
where they are planted is the best part of New=Englaud onely 
they haue noe ffishing 

The ffrench are now possessed of that w ch formerlie was the 
Scottish plantations beinge on the Northeast part of New Eng- 
land, they doe already beginn to exceede the bounds intended 
by his Ma tie for their Ly mitts and doe day (lie) furnish the 
Indians w th armes and munition to the great dan£e r and preiudice 
of the English they alsoe intend to prohibite the English their 
accustomed traffique in those parts for these reasons they are 
iustlie seated 8 to proue ill neighbou". 

The English are planted in the middest betwixt the Dutch and 
ffrench in a Countrie farr exceediuge that of the ffrench though 
somewhat inferiour to the Dutch habitacon. 

This part of the countrie was manie yeares since planted by the 
English in the time and by the meanes of the Lord Cheife Justice 
Popham and some others, and especially by S r mrdinando Gorges 
knight but those plantacons prospered not through the ill choice 
£made] of places coniodious for habitation 9 

« The " lamentable experience " which was encountered the •* last yeare," that is 1633, 
if our date is correct, may be one of the numerous plot? laid by the Xarraganset Indiana 
against the English, as told by Winthrop and other contemporary writers. 

7 Marc Lescarbot's Historic de la Nowelle France, first published in Paris, 1609. It was 
translated into English by Erondelle and published in London without date, and this edition 
is probably the one referred to. 

8 No. 310-5 has " Seared." I have inserted two words [in brackets] from that MS., viz. 
" made" and " since." — h. f. w. 

• The phrase " prospered not " may be used by some advocate of the permanency of the 
Popham Colony to show that it was not abandoned, but merely unprosperous. This may 
be strengthened by a quotation from the succeeding paragraph, which says that the Ply- 
mouth Colony was the first plantation settled " to any purpose." On the contrary, Maverick's 
statement (Reg. xxxix. 3-5) leaves no doubt that" it was abandoned. See an article by 
the writer of these notes on il Settlements in Maine Prior to 1G20," in the Maine Genealogi- 
cal and Historical Recorder, vol. ii. No. 4, in which the Popham case is discussed. 



English. 



1886.] Relation concerning JVeio England. 71 

The Present Inhabitants of New Plymouth were the first that 
settled a plantation to any purpose in New England who went 
thither to inhibite about some 15 yeares [since] 10 but the great 
numbe"" 8 of people w ch makes the Countrie seeme now somewhat 
populous w th English hath been transported w th in these 9 yeares 
under the goverum' of M r Imlicott and M r Winthrop :" who haue 
seated themselues in the west and more southerlie part of the 
countrie about the same tyme and since diue r * others private 
Colonies haue been planted in the more Esterlie and Northern 
parts 
Patents. The English are planted in this Countrie by vertue of Patents 
granted unto them from the President and Couusell of New 
England w ch soe farr as I can understand are in number 18 viz 1 
i The Patent of New Plymouth 

2 The Patent of Massachusetts Baye: . 

3 The Patent of Agawam granted to Captaine John Mason 

4 A Patente granted to S r fferdinando Gorges 

5 A Patent of Laconia granted to S r fferdinando Gorges and 

Captaine Mason 

6 A Patent of Pascataquacke graunted to S r fferdinando 

Gorges and others 

7 A Patent granted Edward Hilton 

8 A Patent of Accaminticus granted to Captaine Norton w** 1 

othe" 

9 A Patent granted to John Stratton about Cape Porpus 

Rive r 
10: 11 Two Patents of Sohaketocke granted to Richard Yynes 
& Thomas Lewis 

12 A Patent granted to Captaine Thomas Catuock of black 

pointe 

13 A Patent granted to M r Trelanye of Cape Elizabeth 

14 A Patent of Casico granted to Captaine Levitt 

15 A Patent of Pechirscote granted to Thomas Purchis and 

othe" 

16 A Patent granted to Richard Bradshaw of the Northeast 

side of Pechipscot Rive r 

17 A Patent of Quinabecke belonginge to them of New Plym- 

outh 

18 A Patent of Sagadehock granted to Crispe and othe" 

19 A Patent of Pemaquid granted to M r : Alde r and M r Elbridge 

20 A Patent granted of Penobscott to M r Sherlie, and othe" 8 
Off theis Patents [those] granted to S r fferdinando Gorges, and 

Captaine John Mason are included w th in the Patent last granted 
to the Inhabitants of the Massachusetts Bay 

Concerninge which matte 1- there hath been and still remaine3 

10 This would seem to make the date of the paper 163-5. 

11 This period is hard to reckon for the purposes of ascertaining the date of the manu- 
script. The Dorchester Company established their plantation at Cape Ann in 1623 ( E J alfrey, 
History of 2s'ew England, i. 28-3), but Endieott did not arrive till 162S, and Winthrop two 
years later. Perhaps the author refers to the settlement of Conant at Salem in the fail of 
162G, to which date if we add nine years we shall have 1635, near enough to 1C34 lor all 
practical purposes of determining the date. 



72 Relation concerning JVeio England. [Jan. 

some Controversie Sagadehock was never planted. 12 That of 
Cassica, and that granted to John Stratton were at my comminge 
away forsaken 

The Patent of Penobscott is largest of extent, it comprehendinge 
- (as is pretended) nere 40 leagues in length yett it is planted but 
w th one house. And is now possessed by the tiVench 13 
Extent of The English in their seuerall patents are planted along the sea 
coast and haue their habitations nere adioyning to Rive" navigable 
ffor shippinge, or Barkes, the charge and difficultie of transportinge 
provision by land, ffor want of horses causes the Inland parts to 
bee yett unpeopled 

The Plantacons beginninge at y e most Southerlie, w ch is new 
Plymouth and endinge at penobs'cott, containe in length alonge 
the sea cost about 70 leagues and are peopled with more then 
30000 Persons whereof new Plimouth may containe well nere 
1800, the Massachusetts (more then 20000) the rest of the Patents 
beinge planted w th the residue 
Cattle. Att my Comeinge oner there was estimated to bee att the least 
1200 head of kyne belonging to the seuerall plantacons, And 
are now increased to : 5000: i4 or there abouts, great store of swyne 
and goates and some horse3 

The Inhabitants haue in all places convenient houses and good 
quantitie of eleered land ffor Corne 
Difference The aboue menconed Patents are not all of one kinde, for some 
' are in the nature of Corporacons and haue power to make Lawes, 
ffor the governinge of their plantacons, others are but onely as- 
signing of soe much land to bee planted and possessed w" h out 
power of governing 

Of the first sort are onely theis fibwer viz*: 
i New Plymouth 

2 Massachusetts 

3 Pascatequack 

4 & Pemaquid 

GoTenun*. The Civill governm* of the Colonies remaine in the power of 
those who are Principall in the Patents of w ch those w c:i haue 
authoritie to establish lawes, doe execute their Jurisdiction (soe 
farr as I could understand) as neere as may bee accorclinge to the 
lawes of England, And those who haue not that legall powe r doe 
governe theire servants and Tennants in a Civill way, soe farr as 
they are able 

Defects. The defects in theis plantations ffor the present, as I conceive, 
are onely theis 

15 This does not refer to the Popham Colony, but to the Plough colonists, who under- 
took to settle on the south side of Sagadahoc, probably about Cape Small Point. See an 
article by the annotator on the " Plough Patent" in Maine Genealogical Recorder (ISS5), 
vol. 2, p. 65 et seq. 

13 The Plymouth Pilgrims had a trading post at Penobscot, and the " one house " spo- 
ken of is probably the truck house of their trading station. The French captured this and 
seized that portion of Maine in 163->, and as the writer states that it " is now possessed by 
the ffrench," the inference is that this paper could not have been written till that year. It 
would seem that the paper wa> not composed for some time after the author left the coun- 
try, and that he added such sentences as the above from subsequent information. This is 
the only theory that will reconcile the variety of internal evidence as to its date. 

u " And fcinee augmented to 6000 or thereabouts," says No. 3105.— ». p. w. 



1886.] Relation concerning New England. 73 

i The Inhabitants (except in the Massachusetts Bay) are too 
fair scattered one from an other a longe the coast, soe that they 
cannot uppon any occasion Reunite themselues to oppose an 
enemye 

2 There is fewe fforts 15 nor places of strength in all the Couutrie 

3 There are but few of those, who haue Patents granted unto 
them that doe obserue the Lawes, and orde" of Plantation 
appointed unto them in their Patents and expressed in the grand 
Patent granted by his Ma dc to the President and Councell 

4 When there happeneth any question betweene the Plante" 
of seuerall Patents, those quarrells are seldome, or neuer ended 
because there is none in the countrie that hath authoritie to decide 
them ; every mans powe r beinge limitted, w th his owne Patent 

5 There wants an uniformytie in the Lawes and Customes of 
seuerall Patents and alsoe a geuerall unitie, iu thinges that con- 
cerne the publique good of the Countrie 

As Concerninge matte" of Religion, because my aboade was 
farre distant ffroui neighbo" and uoe professed Scholler, I was 
therefore little acquainted w th other mens dissagreeinge opinions, 
aud my selfe and Colonie allwayes professinge the doctrine dis- 
cipline of the Church of England I was not curious afte r that of 
othe" w ch then concerned me nott 

FFINIS 



Note by H. F. Waters.— The above is from MS. No. 3448 Sloaue 
Collection, British Museum. It is in a little square volume of forty-four 
folios, of which the above takes up fifteen. The next (1G to 44) is in the 
same hand and is entitled " An abstract of the Lawes of New=England." 
There are two other copies in the Sloane Collection, Nos. 2505 and 3105. 
The three copies are all iu different handwritings, all differing in some 
particulars, especially in numbers. I have made No. 3448 the basis, and 
have taken from the others such items as seemed needed to make the result 
correct. 



William Read. — In the deposition of John Wiswall, Jr., in 1695 (Reg. xviii. 70), 
he states that William Read married his sister Hannah Munnings. 

There was a William Read in Boston who by wife Hannah had William, born 
26 March, 1665. 

The inventory of William Read's estate was taken by James Johnson and Thomas 
Dewer, Sept. 23, 1667, to which John Wiswall. Junr,, deposed Nov. 28th following 
(file 476 Suffolk Probate Office). I should judge this William Read was a shop- 
keeper, by the number of yards of blacke, gray," whit," plaine and Irish '* frise," 
" linsie woolsie," &c. mentioned. 

It would seem that Hannah Wiswall married first. Mahalaleel Munnings. who 
was " drowned in y e Mill creek at Boston iny e night 27 (12) 59 " (seeREG.xsxvii. 
379) ; second, William Read, who, if he was the one whose inventory is above 
mentioned, was dead in 1667 ; third, Thomas Overman, whom she married pre- 
vious to27: 3: 1672, at which date the Boston Town Records have this entry : 
" Libertie is granted to Thomas Ouerman who married with Elder Wiswalls daught* 
to wharfe before theire owne land." Report of Record Commissioners, vii. 70; 
Reg. vii. 273, 274, Letters from Old England, 1660 ; present volume, pa^e 59 ; Bay 
State Monthly, Feb. 1884, page 123. William B. Trash. 

W " There is noe ffort nor place," etc., says No. 3105. " There wants yett some ;tcre of 
fforts or places," etc., says No, 2505.— h. f. w. 

VOL. XL. 7* 



1886.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



75 



SOLDIERS IX KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from vol. xxxix. page 3S3.] 

No. X1IL 

The Narragaxsett Campaign to tite close of tiie "Great 



Swamp" Battle. 



**f*ry£^. 






a 



'V ; i: 



t 




The above picture, representing the present appearance of the site 
of the old ''Swamp Fort" of the Xarragansetts, destroyed by the 
forces of the United Colonies, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Ply- 
mouth, December 19th, 1G75, was published several years since in 
a book called f * Picturesque Rhode Island." Saving the changes 
incident upon the clearing and cultivation of contiguous land, the 
place could be easily identified as the battlefield, even if its location 
were not put beyond question by traditions and also by relics found 
from time to time upon the place. It is now, as then, an "island of 
four or five acres," surrounded by swampy land, overflowed except 
in the dryest part of the year. The island was cleared and plowed 
about 1775, and at that time many bullets were found deeply bedded 
in the large trees ; quantities of charred corn were plowed up in 
different places, and it is said that Dutch spoons and Indian arrow- 
heads, etc., have been found here at different times. There is no 



76 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [Jan. 

monument to mark this site of one of the most brilliant victories in 
American warfare. The place is now owned by the Hon. J. G. 
Clarke, of "West Kingston, R. I., to whom and to John G. Perry, 
Esq., of Wakefield, R. I., I am indebted for confirmation of the 
above facts. 

The accompanying map is a section — slightly reduced — of the 
large map of Rhode Island, made from surveys under the direction 
of H. F. Walling, Esq., and published by him in 1862. It takes 
in the line of march from Pettisquamscot (Tower-Hill) to the 
Fort. There is no '' scale of miles" upon the large map, but by a 
careful comparison of known distances, it appears that it is about 
seven miles in a bee line, nearly west, from Tower-Hill to the battle- 
field ; by way of McSparran Hill, in direct courses, about ten miles. 
The army, following the higher land, with frequent halts and 
probably much uncertain wandering and careful scouting, consumed 
the time from five o'clock in the morning to about one o'clock P. Si. ; 
and it is likely that in this roundabout march they made about 
fifteen or sixteen miles, the distance reported. 

In the retreat, the Army probably followed back upon their morn- 
ing track as far as McSparran Hill, and thence to Wickford to their 
quarters at Mr. Richard Smith's 106 garrison-house, arriving there 
about two o'clock in the morning, after a march of about eighteen 
miles, as was reported at the time. 

The residence of Hon. J. G. Clarke, proprietor of the ancient 
battlefield, is about a mile north of it. Tower-Hill is the site of 
Jireh Bull's garrison-house at Pettisquamscot. 

Preparations and March against the Xarragansetts. 

After their somewhat disastrous campaign of the autumn of 
1675 in the western parts of the colony of Massachusetts, the 
United Colonies, upon information that the hostile Indians with 
Philip were retiring towards the south and to winter quarters 
amongst the Xarragansetts, determined to carry the war against this 
powerful tribe, who for some time had shown themselves actively 
hostile. The veteran troops were recalled and reorganized ; small 
towns in various parts of the colonies were garrisoned, and an army 
of one thousand men was equipped for a winter campaign. General 
Josiah Winslow, Governor of Plymouth Colony, was appointed 
commander-in-chief of this Army ; Major Samuel Appleton to com- 
mand the Massachusetts regiment, Major William Bradford that of 
Plymouth, and Major Robert Treat that of Connecticut. War was 
formally declared against the Xarragansetts on November 2d, 1675, 

106 Mr. Smith, called Capt. and Major by contemporary writers, was a person of wide in- 
fluence in this part of the country, and held in hign esteem in all the colonies. He was the 
son of Richard Smith, Senior, who came from "Gloster Shire" in England, and in 1641 
bought a large tract of land, including the present town of Wickford. and there built the 
first Engli.-h hou^e in Narragansett, and set up a trading station and onered free entertain- 
ment to all travellers. 



1886.] Soldiers in King P/uliji's War. 77 

in the meeting of the Commissioners of the United Colonies held at 
Boston that day. 

General AVinslow, upon his appointment to the command of the 
army in this expedition, rode to Boston for consultation with Gov. 
Leverett and the Council. Thence on Thursday, December the 
9th, he rode to Dcdham, having Benjamin Church as aid, and pro- 
bably the gentlemen who constituted the Massachusetts part of his 
staff or "guard," consisting of the ministers, among whom was Mr. 
Joseph Dudley, the surgeons, of whom the chief was Daniel Weld, 
of Salem. I presume other general officers and aids went along 
with him, of whom we£nd no mention. Commissary John Morse 
was probably of this number. The General assumed command 
of the Massachusetts forces drawn up on Dedham Plain, and for- 
mally delivered to him by Major General Denison of Massachu- 
setts, on Thursday, December 9th. This force consisted of six com- 
panies of foot, numbering four hundred and sixty-five, besides Cap- 
tain Prentice's troop of seventy-five. The full quota of Massachu- 
setts was five hundred and twenty-seven soldiers, but there were 
doubtless many others along as servants to the officers, scouts, camp- 
followers, <£c. To the soldiers a proclamation was made at this 
time on the part of the Massachusetts Council, " that if they played 
the man, took the Fort, & Drove the Enemy out of the Xarragan- 
sett Country, which was their great Seat, that they should have a 
gratuity in land besides their wages." On the same afternoon they 
marched twenty-seven miles to Woodcock's Garrison, now Attle- 
boro'. In the evening of Friday, December 10th, they arrived at 
Seekonk, where vessels with supplies were in waiting. And here 
also Major Richard Smith was waiting their arrival with his vessel, 
and took on board Capt. Mosely and his company, to sail direct to 
his garrison-house at Wickford. Some others, it is likely, went 
w r ith them to arrange for quartering the troops, and Benjamin 
Church was sent to make ready for the General's coming. The rest 
of the forces w ferried over the water to Providence," and probably 
formed a junction with the main part of the Plymouth regiment at 
Providence, on Saturday, December 11th. From Mr. Dudley's 
letter of the 15th, it will be seen that an account had been sent the 
Council of their movements to the time of arriving at Pautuxet. 
This letter is now lost from the files. In the evening of Sunday, 
December 12th, the whole body advanced "from Mr. Carpenter's," 
crossed the Pautuxet River and marched a long way into " Pom- 
ham's Country," now Warwick, R. I. ; but from the unskilfulness 
of their Warwick scouts (probably Englishmen, for if they had 
been Indians their failure would have been deemed treachery), their 
purpose of capturing Pomhain and his people was defeated, and 
after a whole night spent in weary marching about, they arrived 
at Mr. Smith's, garrison-house at Wickford on the 13th, and found 
their vessels from Seekonk already arrived. Capt. Mosely 's com- 



78 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

pany that day captured thirty-six Indians, including Indian Peter, 
who proved afterwards such an indispensable guide. 

There were many doubtless at Smith's garrison, employed by him 
and gathered thither for security. Church speaks of finding " the 
Eldridges and some other brisk hands," and going out and taking 
eighteen Indians, and finding the General arrived on his return to 
the garrison next morning before sunrise. This would seem from 
his story to have been on the morning of the 12th ; but the other 
accounts and his own reference to the General's arrival settle the 
day as the 13th and the time as before daybreak. This exploit of 
Mr. Church seems to have been unknown to Messrs. Dudley, 
Oliver and other contemporary writers. On Monday, 13th, no 
movement was made, but on the 14th the General moved his whole 
force, except Capt. Oliver's company, which kept garrison, out 
through the country to the westward, and burned the town of the 
Sachem "Ahmus," of whom I can find no mention except this of 
Mr. Dudley's, and the "Quarters" of Quaiapen, Magnus, or Ma- 
tantuck, as her Indian name was understood by the English, "Old 
Queen " or " Sunke Squaw," as she was called by them. She was 
the widow of Mriksah, or Makanno, son of Canonicus first. Her 
dominions were in the present towns of South and Xorth Kingston 
and Exeter, and near the line between the latter, upon a high rocky 
hill, is still to be found the remains of an old Indian fort, known from 
earliest times as the " Queen's Fort," and probably near the place 
where her deserted "Quarters" were raided. The army that day des- 
troyed one hundred and fifty wigwams, killed seven and captured nine 
Indians. In the mean time Capt. Oliver had sent out " five files," 
i.e. thirty of his men, under Sergeant (Peter) Bennet, who, scout- 
ing abroad, killed two Indians, a man and woman, and captured 
four more. 

Mr. Dudley, writing on the next day, Wednesday, December 
15th, states that up to that time they had captured or killed, in all, 
fifty persons, and their prisoners in hand were forty. Capt. Oli- 
ver's account makes the number fifty-seven "young and old." Add- 
ing Mr. Church's eighteen, and we swell the number to seventy- 
five. From a careful survey of the matter in all its relations, I 
am inclined to think that Church was acting in conjunction with, 
and under the command of Capt. Mosely, to whom the official re- 
turns accredit the capture of the whole body, eighteen of whom 
Church claims to have been his own captives. 

Wednesday, Dec. loth, the army seems to have been held in 
parley most of the day by the pretended negotiations of " Stone- 
wall," or "Stone-layer" John, an Indian who had lived much with 
the English, and had learned the trade of stone-mason,, but was now 
hostile, and very serviceable to the Indians in many ways. AVhether 
he was treacherous or not, the Indians were gathering and ^kulking 
about the English quarters while he was negotiating, and when he 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 79 

was safely away they began to pick off our men wherever they found 
opportunity, and later lay in ambush behind a stone wall and fired 
upon several companies of the English sent out to bring in Maj. 
Appleton's company, quartered some miles away. They were 
quickly repulsed with the loss of one of their leaders, and seem to 
have gone towards the general rendezvous at the great fort, and on 
the way they assaulted and burned the garrison of Jireh, or " Jerry " 
Bull at Pettisquamscot (Tower Hill, S. Kingston, R. I.), killing 
fifteen of those at the garrison, two only escaping. 

Thursday, December 16th, Capt. Prentice with his troop rode 
out, probably following the trail to Pettisquamscot, where he found 
the garrison-house in ruins. This is said to have been a very strong 
stone house, easily defended by a small number, and its destruction, 
of which there is no detailed account, must have been accomplished 
by either surprise or treachery. The news had a very depressing 
effect upon the army, who had hoped that the Connecticut forces 
had already arrived there. 

Friday, December 17th, came the news of the arrival of the Con- 
necticut regiment at Pettisquamscot. Our army seems to have been 
disposing of the captives and preparing for the march. Forty-seven 
of the captives were sold to Capt. Davenport on this day, Saturday, 
Dec. 18th. The General, leaving a small garrison at Wickford, 
pushed his army forward to Pettisquamscot, and about 5 P.M. 
joined the Connecticut troops consisting of about three hundred 
English and one hundred and fifty Mohegan Indians. In a severe 
snow-storm, the whole force, about one thousand men, encamped in 
the open field through that bitter cold night. Sunday, Dec. 19th, 
before day-break (Capt. Oliver says, ? at five o'clock"), the whole 
force marched away towards the enemy's great rendezvous. 

The following, gleaned from all available sources, may be of in- 
terest at this point. 

Roster of the Officers of the Army of the United Colonies, 

As organized for the Narragansett Campaign, and as mustered at 

Pettisquamscot, December 19, 1G75. 

Gen. Josiah Winslow, Governor of Plymouth Colony, Com. in Chief. 
( Daniel Weld, of Salem. Chief Surgeon. 
Staff. -J Joseph Dudley, of Boston, Chaplain. 

( Benjamin Church, of Little Compton, R. I., Aid. 

Massachusetts Regiment. 
Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich, Major, and Captain of 1st Company. 
( Richard Knott, of Marblehead, Surgeon. 
Staff. < Samuel Xowell, of Boston, Chaplain. 
( John Morse, of Ipswich, Commissary. 
1st Company — Jeremiah Swain, Lieut. ; Ezekiel Woodward, Sergeant. 
2d Company — Samuel Mosely, Captain; Perez Savage, Lieut. 
3d Company — James Oliver, Captain ; Ephraim Turner, Lieut. ; Peter 
Bennett, Sergeant, 



80 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

4th Company — Isaac Johuson, Captain; Phineas Upbam, Lieut; Henry 

Bowen, Ensign. 
5th Company — Nathaniel Davenport, Captain ; Edward Tyug, Lieut. ; John 

Drury, Ensign. 
6th Company — Joseph Gardiner, Captain ; William Hathorne, Lieut. ; 

Benjamin Sweet, Eusigu, prom. Lieut. ; Jeremiah Neal, Sergeant, 

prom. Ensign. 
Troop. — Thomas Prentice, Captain ; John TVayman, Lieut. 

Plymouth Regiment. 
William Bradford, of Marshtield. Major, and Captain of 1st Company. 
~ ~ j Matthew Fuller, of Barnstable, Surgeon. 
a ^' \ Thomas Huckins. of Barnstable, Commissary. 
1st Company — Robert Barker, of Duxbitry, Lieut. 

2d Company — John Gorham. of Barnstable, Captain ; Jonathan Sparrow, 
of Eastham, Lieut.; William Wetherell, Sergeant. 

Connecticut Regiment. 
Robert Treat, of Milford. Major. 

( Gershom Bulkeley, Surgeon. 107 
Staff. < Rev. Nicholas Noyes, Chaplain. 

( Stephen Barrett, Commissary. 
1st Company — John Gallop, of Stonington, Captain. 
2d Company — Samuel Marshall, Windsor, Captain. 
3d Company — Nathaniel Seely, of Stratford. Captain. 
4th Company — Thomas Watts, of Hartford. Captain. 
5th Company — John Mason, of Norwich, Captain. 103 

There were other officers and men of note doubtless who went 
along with the army. Two surgeons, Dr. Jacob Willard (of Newton) 
and Dr. John Cutler of Hingham were credited under Major Ap- 
pleton for their service, and were accredited grantees of the Narragan- 
sett townships in 1733, as was also Dr. tTolm Clark of Boston. I 
have no positive authority for assigning Dr. Knott to Major Apple- 
ton's staff, but the first purchase of surgical instruments on the part 
of the Colony was made of George Thomas, charged December 17, 
1675, and were for Dr. Weld and Dr. Knott. I think that Dr. 
William Hawkins was afterwards sent to the wounded at Rhode 
Island. The roster of line officers of the Massachusetts Regi- 
ment is well attested by the accounts of the Treasurer. Of the 
Plymouth officers, Lieut. Robert Barker was in the spring following, 
March 10th, imprisoned and fined by the sentence of a council of 
war, for mutinous conduct in " breaking away from the army while 
on the march," but it is evident that this was after the battle at which 
he must have been present, as his heirs evidently received his claim. 
His defection nrobablv occurred during r ' The Lonsr March" or 
"Hungry March" so called, through the Xipmuck country to Marl- 

107 A minister, but now acting as Surgeon. 

103 From some intimations it would seem that Captain Mason was in command of a sixth 
company composed of Indians, but I have found no positive proof. A contemporary writer 
says Captain Gallop " commanded Uncas's men." Perhaps each of these had a parry in 

hi a eumuiaud. 



188G.] Soldiei's in King Philip's War, 81 

borough. Of Connecticut, I have not been able to identify any 
other line officers. Of the troops of Massachusetts, the quota was 
527 ; the number actually impressed was 540, including troopers 
75. The returns made atDedham Plain give 465 foot, troopers 73. 
See ante, vol. xxxviii. p. 440. The Connecticut quota was 315, 
and there was also a company of Indians 150. Plymouth's quota 
was 158. 

The Battle at the Great Swamp Fort. 

About one o'clock, P.M., the army came upon the enemy at the 
edge of the swamp, in the midst of which the Indian fortress was 
built, the Massachusetts regiment leading in the march, Plymouth 
next, and Connecticut bringing up the rear. Of the Massachusetts 
troops Capts. Moseiy and Davenport led the van and came first 
upon the Indians, and immediately opened fire upon them — thus at 
the beginning gaining the important advantage of the first fire, 
which the Indians had almost always gained and made so deadly by 
deliberate volleys from ambush, as they doubtless purposed now. 
The Indians returned the fire with an ineffectual volley, and then 
fled into the swamp closely pursued by the foremost companies, who 
did not wait for the word of command, or stand much upon the 
n order of their going," until they reached the fortifications within 
which the Indians hastily betook themselves. This fort was situated 
upon an island of some five or six acres in the midst of a cedar 
swamp,- which was impassable except to the Indians by their accus- 
tomed paths, and now made passable only by the severe cold of the 
previous day and night. It is probable that the Indians depended 
chiefly upon the swamp to protect them, though their defences are 
described as having been of considerable strength. A portion of 
the high ground had been inclosed, and from a careful comparison of 
the most reliable accounts, it seems that the fortifications were well 
planned, probably by the Englishman Joshua Tefle, or Tift, as Mr. 
Dudley calls him. Mr. Hubbard says: "The Fort was raised 
upon a Kind of Island of five or six acres of rising Land in the 
midst of a swamp ; the sides of it were made of Palisadoes set up- 
right, the which was compassed about with a Hedg of almost a rod 
Thickness." A contemporary writer (whose account was published 
at the time in London, and is reprinted in Mr. Drake's publication 
called the ? * Old Indian Chronicle ") says : f In the midst of the 
Swamp \wis a Piece of firm Land, of about three or four Acres, 
whereon the Indians had built a kind of Fort, being palisadued 
round, and within that a clay Wall, as also felled down abundance 
of Trees to lay quite round the said Fort, but they had not quite 
finished the said Work." It is evident from these, the only detailed 
accounts, and from some casual references, that the works were rude 
and incomplete, but would have been almost impregnable to our 
troops had not the swamp been frozen. At the corners and ex- 

VOL. XL. 8 



$2 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [J 



an, 



posed portions, rude block-houses and flankers had been built, from 
which a raking fire could be poured upon any attacking force. 
Either by chance, or the skill of Peter, their Indian guide, the Eng- 
lish seem to have come upon a point of the fort where the Indians 
. did not expect them. Mr. Church, in relating the circumstances of 
Capt. Gardiner's death, says that he was shot from that side " next 
the upland where the English entered the swamp." The place where 
he fell was at the "east end of the fort." The tradition that the 
English approached the swamp by the rising land in front of the 
• rf Judge Marchant " house, thus seems confirmed. This " upland" 
lies about north of the battlefield. 

Our van pursued those of the enemy who first met them 
so closely that they were led straight to the entrance used by 
the Indians themselves, perhaps by their design then to attract 
attention from an exposed part of their works a short distance 
away. The passage left by the Indians for their own use, as before 
mentioned, was by a long tree over a " place of water," across 
which but one might pass at a time, " and which was so waylaid 
that they would have been cut off that had ventured." Mr. Hub- 
bard counts among the fortunate circumstances of that day that 
the troops did not attempt to carry this point, and that they 
discovered the only assailable point a little farther on. This 
was at a corner of the fort where was a large unfinished gap, 
where neither palisades nor the abbatis, or "hedge," had been 
placed, but only a long tree had been laid across about five feet from 
the ground, to fill the gap, and might be easily passed ; only that 
the block-house right opposite this gap and the flankers at the sides 
were finished, from which a galling fire might sweep and enfilade 
the passage. Mr. Hubbard's account is very clear about this, yet 
several writers have sadly confused matters and described the first 
as the point of assault. 

It seems that the companies of Capts. Davenport and Johnson 
came first 109 to this place, and at once charged through the gap and 
over the log at the head of their companies, but Johnson fell dead 
at the log, and Davenport a little within the fort, and their men 
were met with so fierce a fire that they were forced to retire again 
and fall upon their faces to avoid the fury of the musketry till it 
should somewhat abate. Mosely and Gardiner, pressing to their 
assistance, met a similar reception, losing heavily, till they too fell 
back with the others, until Major Appleton coming up with his own 
and Capt. Oliver's men, massed his entire force as a storming col- 
umn, and it is said that the shout of one of the commanders that the 
Indians were running, so inspired the soldiers that they made an 
impetuous assault, carried the entrance amain, beat the enemy from 
one of his flankers at the left, which afforded them a temporary shel- 

109 John Raymond claimed to have been the first soldier to enter the fort The only- 
soldier of that name credited was John Ilayinent, under Major Appleton. 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



83 



ter from the Indians still holding the block-house opposite the en- 
trance. In the mean time, the General, holding the Plymouth 
forces in reserve, pushed forward the Connecticut troops, who not 
being aware of the extent of the danger from the block-house, suf- 
fered fearfully at their first entrance, but charged forward gallantly, 
though some of their brave officers and many of their comrades lay 
dead behind them, and unknown numbers and dangers before. The 
forces now joining, beat the enemy step by step, and with fierce 
fighting, out of their block-houses and various fortifications. 110 Many 
of the Indians, driven from their works, fled outside, some doubtless 
to the wigwams inside, of which there were said to be upward of 
five hundred, many of them large and rendered bullet-proof by large 
quantities of grain in tubs and bags, placed along the sides. In 
these many of their old people and their women and children had 
gathered for safety, and behind and within these as defences the 
Indians still kept up a skulking fight, picking off our men. After 
three hours hard fighting, with many of the officers and men wound- 
ed or dead, a treacherous enemy of unknown numbers and resources 
lurking in the surrounding forests, and the night coming on, word 
comes to fire the wigwams, and the battle becomes a fearful holo- 
caust, great numbers of those who had taken refuge therein being 
burned. 

The fight had now raged for nearly three hours with dreadful car- 
nage in proportion to the numbers engaged. It is not certain at 
just what point the Plymouth forces were pushed forward, but most 
likely after the works were carried, and the foremost, exhausted, re- 
tired for a time bearing their dead and wounded to the rear ; but we 
are assured that all took part in the engagement, coming on in turn 
as needed. It is doubtful if the cavalry crossed the swamp, but 
were rather held in reserve and as scouts to cover the rear and pre- 
vent surprises from any outside parties. 

When now the fortress and all its contents were burning, and de- 
struction assured, our soldiers hastily gathered their wounded and 
as many as possible of their dead, and formed their shattered column 
for the long and weary march back to Wickford. 

Reliable details of this battle are few, and onlv gleaned from cas- 
ual references here and there, and thus many, who have sought to 
write upon the matter, have quoted in full the story of Benjamin 
Church, who relates his own experience, and draws out his personal 

110 Mr. Dudley's account seems to indicate that at this point the Indians rallied and beat 
the English again out of the fort ; hut after careful weighing of the evidence, I am saris- 
fied that in the matter of the battle it-elf, Mr. Hubbard's account, gathered from the offi- 
cers of Massachusetts, especially Major Appleton, is most correct in details. Mr. Dudley 
remained outside the swnmp with the General, his staff and reserve force, and the re- 
pulse, at the first onset, would naturally be magnified by those who were forced to await 
the issue without participation. The above account is entirely consistent. Again, when 
the band of volunteers headed by Church was sent forward by the General, the fort was 
already in full possession of our army, and when thev passed the entrance many of tho 
slain and several of our captains were lying where they fell. If there had been a retreat 
from the fort, these dead officers would have been removed. 



84 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

reminiscences with all an old man's fondness for his deeds of ff long 
a<*o." The very small part he took in this battle is evident even 
from his own story, and from the utter silence of other writer?, es- 
pecially Mr. Hubbard, who knew Church and commends him highly 
for his exploits in the Mount Hope campaign. No one can doubt 
the ability or courage of Mr. Church, but his part in this battle was 
simply that when the fort was carried and the fighting nearly over, 
he went, with some thirty others, into and through the fort and out 
into the swamp upon the trail of the retreating foe, discovered, 
ambushed and scattered a skulking party of them returning to the 
attack, chased a few of them into the fort amongst the huts, and 
was himself severely wounded by them thus brought to bay. 

I wish here to record my protest against the unjust, often weak, 
and always inconsiderate, criticism bestowed upon our leaders in 
this campaign, and especially in this battle, for their lack of fore- 
Bight in abandoning the shelter and provisions of the fort, their sac- 
rifice of the lives of our wounded men through their removal and the 
dangers and fatigues of the Ion*? march, and their inhumanity in 
burning the helpless and innocent in their huts and wigwams. 

It is well to remember at the start, that many of the wisest, ablest 
and bravest men of the three colonies were the leaders in this affair. 
A noble commander, wise and brave, reverend ministers, by no 
means backward with their opinions ; the most prominent and skilful 
surgeons the country afforded ; veteran majors and captains of Mas- 
sachusetts and Connecticut, with their veteran soldiers fresh from 
the severe experiences in the western campaign, inured to danger 
and experienced in Indian wiles and deceits : against all these we 
have recorded only the remonstrance of Mr. Church, who up to 
that time, at least, had experience in Indian warfare only as a scout, 
and the record we have of any protest by him was made many years 
after the affair. And again, from the standpoint of their conditions 
as nearly as we can now judge, it seems that their hasty retreat was 
wise. They were some sixteen miles from their base of supplies 
(it is doubtful if they had noted the Indian supplies until the burn- 
ing began). There was no way of reaching their provisions and am- 
munition at Wickford except by detaching a portion of their force 
now reduced greatly by death, wounds and exposure. The numbers 
of Indians that had escaped, and were still in the woods close at 
hand, were unknown, but supposed to be several thousand, with 
report of a thousand in reserve about a mile distant. These were 
now scattered and demoralized, but in a few hours might rally and 
fall upon the fort, put our troops, in their weakened condition, upon 
the defensive, and make their retreat from the swamp extremely diffi- 
cult if not utterly impossible, encumbered as they would be by the 
wounded, whose swollen and stiffened wounds in a few hours would 
render removal doubly painful and dangerous. Added to this 
was the chance of an attack upon the garrison at Wickford, and the 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 85 

dread of the midnight ambuscade, which every hour's delay made 
more likely and would render more dangerous. Thus it seems to 
me that from the standpoint of military strategy, the immediate re- 
treat to Wickford was best. As to inhumanity, we must remember 
the harsh times in which they were living, the contempt in which 
the Indians were held — first, as heathen, against whom war was 
righteous ; second, as idle and treacherous vagabonds, with no 
rights which honest industry was bound to respect; third, as deadly 
enemies, lying in wait to plunder, burn and destroy. Moreover, 
the very life of the colonies was threatened by this war ; many 
thriving hamlets were already in ashes ; hundreds of families were 
broken up and scattered up and down, with loss of all ; fathers, hus- 
bands and brothers slain or in captivity, farms and homes laid waste, 
whole communities huddled in wretched block-houses, while the 
" reign of terror " swept about them. Brookfield, " Beers's Plain," 
and " Bloody-Brook," with their outrage and carnage, were fresh 
in mind, and a few days before, the destruction aud massacre at Pet- 
tisquamscot ; while even here at their feet, were their dead and 
dying comrades and beloved officers. Is it strange that they were 
cruel, when now for the first time they came face to face with 
the authors of all their troubles in a fair fight ? By any candid stu- 
dent of history I believe this must be classed as one of the most 
glorious victories ever achieved in our history, and considering con- 
ditions, as displaying heroism, both in stubborn patience and dash- 
ing intrepidity, never excelled in American warfare. 

Of the details of the march to Wickford very little is known ; 
through a bitter cold winter's night, in a blinding snowstorm, car- 
rying two hundred and ten of their wounded and dead, these 
soldiers, who had marched from dawn till high noon, had engaged 
in a desperate life-and-death struggle from noon till sunset, now 
plodded sturdily back to their quarters of the day before, through 
deepening snows and over unbroken roads. 111 By the letters be- 
low, it will be seen that the General and staff, with their escort, 
got separated from the main column, lost their way and wandered 
about till 7 o'clock next morning, while the main body reached their 
quarters at 2 o'clock. 

Dead and Wounded. 

The names of those officers and soldiers of Massachusetts killed 
and wounded in this battle, have been given heretofore in the 
sketches of the companies to which they belonged. 

By Capt. Oliver's letter, written a little more than a month after- 
wards from the seat of war, and considered official, we learn that up 
to that time the dead numbered about sixty-eight, and the wounded 

1,1 There is a tradition (mentioned in a note in Hon. Elisha It. Potter, Jr.'s " Early History 
of Narragansett ") that the English feared an ambuscade in force on the line of march '07 
which they had come, and so marched by way of McSparran Hiil on their return. 

VOL. XL. 8* 



se 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[Jan. 



one hundred and fifty, in the whole army. Eight of the dead were 
left in the fort, and twelve more were dead when they started back 
to Wickford. Twenty-two died on the march, and before the next 
day, Monday, Dec. 20th, when they buried thirty-four in one grave, 
and six more within two days, eight died at Rhode Island, and three 
others, making in all but fifty-nine, if we reckon the twelve carried 
from the fort as a part of the thirty-four buried Dec. 20th ; other- 
wise, seventy-one. But the first estimate of sixty-eight is satisfied 
if we add the twenty killed at the fort to those buried at Wickford 
and Rhode Island, and conclude that the twelve taken from the fort 
were buried somewhere on the march. 112 

Of the losses of Massachusetts we are not left in doubt, since 
there is still preserved in our archives a full and official return, 
which Mr. Hubbard gives substantially, adding to the wounded pro- 
bably those whose wounds were slight and not reported at the time, 
and with some modifications of the list of dead, though with the 
eame total. 

The official list of those killed and wounded in the battle, includ- 
ing three of Gapt. Gardiner's men killed previous to the battle, is 
dated January 6, 1675, and entitled, 

A list of Major Sam 1 Apleton souldjers y* were slayne & wounded the 
19 th Decemh. '75, at the Indians fort at Narraganset. 







Killed. 


Wounded 




Major Appleton, 


4 


18 




Capt. Mosely, 


6 


9 




Capt. Oliver, 


5 


8 


In the Company of 


Capt. Davenport, 


4 


11 




Capt. Johnson, 


4 


8 




Capt. Gardiner, 


7 


10 




Capt. Prentice, 


1 


3 


Mass. Archives, Vol. 6£ 


*, p. 104. 


— 


— ■ 



31 



67 



Of the officers, Capts. Davenport, Johnson and Gardiner were 
killed, and Lieutenants Upham, Savage, Swain, and Ting were 
wounded. 118 

Of the Connecticut troops, seventy-one were killed and wounded 
according to Hubbard ; and according to the eminent historian of 
Connecticut, Dr. Benjamin Trumbull, seventy. 

Capt. Gallop, 10 Mr. Hubbard's Account. 

Capt. Marshall, 14 Of New Haven Company, 20 

Capt. Seely, 20 Of Capt. Siely his Company, 20 

Capt. Mason, 9 Of Capt. Watt hi3 Company, 17 

Capt. Watts, 17—70 Of Capt. Marshal his Company, 14—71 

1,8 Ninigret, sachem of the Nianticks, sent to General Winslow word that his people had 
buried the dead of the English left at the Fort, and that the number was twenty-four, and 
he asked for a charge of powder for each. This information was given in a letter from 
Major Bradford to Rev. Mr. Cotton of Plymouth. 

llJ The random estimates of Henry Trumbull, who published a popular History of Indian 
Wars in 1810, will appear absurd when compared with the above. For instance, he gives as 
killed and wouuded of Connecticut 357, when their whole force was 300 English; and of 
their Indian allies, he kills 51 and wounds 82 of the 130. 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 87 

Major Treat by tradition is 6aid to have been the last man to have 
left the fort, commanding the rear guard of the army ; and of his 
captains, Gallop, Marshall and Seely were killed, and Capt. Mason 
mortally wounded. 

Of the Plymouth forces, Major Bradford, commander, and Benja- 
min Church of the General's staff were severely wounded, and of 
the soldiers the killed and wounded in both companies were twenty, 
by best accounts. 

The grave of the forty buried at Wickford was marked by a tree 
called the "grave appletree," which was blown down in the gale of 
September, 1815. The wounded were sent in vessels to Rhode 
Island, and well cared for. 

Of the losses of the enemy there can be no reliable account. 
Capt. Oliver says, " By the best intelligence we killed 300 fighting 
men, and took say 350 and above 300 women and children." Mr. 
Dudley, two days after the fight, reckons about two hundred; Capt. 
Mosely counted sixty-four in one corner of the fort; and Capt. 
Gorham made an estimate of at least one hundred and fifty. The 
desperate strait of the Indians is shown by their leaving the dead in 
their flight. Indian prisoners afterward reported seven hundred 
killed. 

The conduct of the Mohegan and Pequod allies is represented by 
Capt. Oliver as false, they firing in the air, but securing much 
plunder. I have found no other notice of their part in the battle. 

Correspondence. 
The following letters, written by Joseph Dudley, who was with 
Gen. Winslow as one of his staff or "Guard," and also served as 
chaplain to the army, are perhaps the most reliable official reports 
of the campaign that remain. The letter of the fifteenth is still pre- 
served, as noted below. t That of the twenty-first was published by 
Governor Hutchinson in his " History of the Colony of Massachu- 
setts Bay," London edition (1765), page 302. I have not been 
able to find the original of this last. The letter of the Council to 
Gen. Winslow, in answer to Dudley's first, is preserved as below 
noted, and in two copies — the first a rough draft, the second a care- 
fully written copy in Secretary Rawson's own hand. 

Letter of Joseph Dudley. 
May it please your Honn r Mr Smiths 15, 10, 15 

I am commanded by the Generall to give your Honn r account of our 
proceeding since our last fr m Pautuxet in the Sabath evening we advanc- 
ed the whole body from Mr Carpenters with Intent to surprise Pomham 
& his Party at about 10 or 12 Miles Distance having information by our 
Warwick Scouts of his seat but the darkness of y e Night Difficulty of our 
passage & unskilfulness of Pilots we passed the whole Night & found our- 
selves at such Distance yet from y m .j % we Diverted & Marched to Mr Smiths, 
found our Sloops from Seaconk arrived since which by y e help of Indian 
Peter by whom your llonuor had the Information formerly of y e Number & 



88 Soldiers in King Philip* s War. [Jan. 

resolution of y c Naragansets, we have burned two of their Towns viz : Aliraus 
who is this summer come down amongst them & y e old Queens quarters con- 
sisting of about 150 Many of them large wigwams & seized & slayn oO Per- 
sons in all our prisoners being about 40 Concerning whom the geuerall prayes 
your advice concerning their transportation or Disposall all which was per- 
formed without any loss save a slight wound by an Arrow in Lieut. Way- 
man's face, the whole body of them we find removed into their great 
swamp at Canonicus his quarters where w r e hope with the addition of Con- 
necticut, when arrived we hope to Coop them up, this day we Intend the 
removall or spoyle of y r Corn & hope to Morrow a March toward them, 
our soldiers being very chearful are forward notwithstanding great Difficul- 
ty by weather & otherwise, abovs d Peter whom we have found very faith- 
full will Make us believe y l y r are 3000 fighting Men though Many un- 
armed Many well fitted with lances we hope by cutting off their forage to 
force them to a fayr battle In y c Mean time I have only to present the 
Generalls humble service to your (sic) & to beg your Intense prayers 
for this so great Concern and remayn your 

Honnors Humble Servant Jos: Dudley. 

Goodale 114 nor Moor arrived we fear want of shot. 

My humble service to Madam Leveret Brother and Sister Hubbard & 
Dudley. 

Amongst our Prison" & slayne we find 10 or 12 Wampanoags. 
[Mass. Archives, Vol. 68, p. 101.] 



Answer of the, Council to Gen. Winslow. 

S r y r Intelligences and Advices subjected by Mr Dudley the 15 & 16 
Ins* wee received this Morning being the 18 th at eight of the clock. Wee 
desire to blesse God y 4 hee hath smiled upon you in y r first Attempts & hath 
delivered some of o r enemys into yo r hands & also to Acknowledge Gods 
favou r in the supporting y e hearts of yo r souldiers in such a severe season & 
keeping up their spirits w th courage and that you have received no more 
losse of men: But yet also according to God's wonted manner of dealing 
hee hath mixed the Cup w Ul some bitternes; in the losse susteyned in yo r 
soldiers especially Mr Bulls house & y e people y re also y* the forces of Con- 
ecticut are not joyned w th you nor the vessell w th supplys of Ammunition & 
provision then arrived; Wee hope by this time both the vessell may be arriv- 
ed & the Conecticut men. conjoined w th you but least that should faile wee 
have sent a cart w £h Ammunition ; and an order from Gou 1 ^ Winthrop for their 
forces to March speedily; Concerning the disposall of y e Indian prisoners; 
Our Advice is if any present to buy them, they may be sould there & de- 
livered by your Orders or if that cannot bee then to secure them at the 
Island or els-where at yo r best discretion ; Wee have no more to add at 
present but our hearty prayers unto the Lord of Hoasts to appear w th & 
for you & all w th you, in all yo r enterprises, for the Lord & his people and 
cover all yo r heads in the day of Battle, So w th our particular respects & 
love to y r self & all y e Command" & Ministers ; wee remajne 

Yo r respective friends & servants 
Boston 18: December 1675 Edwaed Raws ox Secret 7 in the name 

at one of the clock. & by y e order of the Council. 

[Mass. Archives, Vol. 68, p. 102.] 

114 Richard Goodale and Thomas Moore. (Sec Maritime Department, p. 93.) 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 89 

Second Letter of Joseph Dudley. 11 * 

Mr Smith's, 21, 10, 1G75 (Dec. 21, 1G75). 
May it please your honour, 

The coming in of Connecticut force to Petaquamscot, and surprisal of 
six and slaughter of 5 on Friday night, Saturday we marched towards Pet- 
aquamscot, though in the snow, and in conjunction about midnight or 
later, we advanced; Capt. Mosely led the van, after him Massachusets, 
and Plimouth aud Connecticut in the rear; a tedious march in the snow, 
without intermission, brought us about two of the clock afternoon, to the 
entrance of the swamp, by the help of Indian Peter, who dealt faithfully 
with us ; our men, with great courage, entered the swamp about 20 rods; 
within the cedar swamp we found some hundreds of wigwams, forted in 
with a breastwork and flankered, and many small blockhouses up and 
down, round about; they entertained us with a fierce fight, and many thou- 
sand shot, for about an hour, when our men valiantly scaled the fort, beat 
them thence, and from the blockhouses. In which action we lost Capt. 
Johnson, Capt Danforth, and Capt Gardiner, and their lieutenants disa- 
bled, Capt. Marshall also slain; Capt. Seely, Capt. Mason, disabled, and 
many other of our officers, insomuch that, by a fresh assault and recruit of 
powder from their store, the Indians fell on again, recarried and beat us 
out of, the fort, but by the great resolution and courage of the General and 
Major, we reinforced, and very hardly entered the fort again, and fired the 
wigwams, with many living and dead persons in them, great piles of meat 
and heaps of corn, the ground not admitting burial of their store, were con- 
sumed ; the number of their dead, we generally suppose the enemy lost at 
least two hundred men ; Capt. Mosely counted in one corner of the fort 
sixty four men ; Capt. Goram reckoned 150 at least; But, O! Sir, mine 
heart bleeds to give your honor an account of our lost men, but especially 
our resolute Captains, as by account inclosed, and yet not so many, but we 
admire there remained any to return, a captive woman, well known to Mr 
Smith, informing that there were three thousand five hundred men engag- 
ing us and about a mile distant a thousand in reserve, to whom if God had 
so pleased, we had been but a morsel, after so much disablement: she in- 
formeth, that one of their sagamores was slain and their powder spent, 
causing their retreat, and that they are in a distressed condition for food 
and houses, that one Joshua Tift, an Englishman, is their encourager and 
conductor. Philip was seen by one, credibly informing us, under a strong 
guard. 

After our wounds were dressed, we drew up for a march, notable to 
abide the field in the storm, and weary, about two of the clock, obtained 
our quarters, with our dead and wounded, only the General, Ministers, and 
some other persons of the guard, going to head a small swamp, lost our 
way, and returned again to the evening's quarters, a wonder we were not 
a prey to them, and, after at least thirty miles marching up and down, in 
the morning recovered our quarters, and had it not been for the arrival of 
Goodale next morning, the whole camp had perished; The whole army, 
especially Connecticut, is much disabled and unwilling to march, with te- 
dious storms, and no lodgings, and frozen and swollen limbs, Major Treat 
importunate to return at least to Stonington; Our dead and wounded are 
about two hundred, disabled as many; the want of officers, the considera- 

"5 This letter is copied from the note in Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts, vol. i. 
page 273. 



90 



Soldiers hi King Philip's War. 



[Jan. 



tion whereof the General commends to your honor, forbids any action at 
present, and we fear whether Connecticut will comply, at last, to any ac- 
tion. We are endeavoring, by good keeping and billetting our men at 
several quarters, and, if possible removal of our wounded to Rhode-Island, 
to recover the spirit of our soldiers, and shall be diligent to find and under- 
stand the removals on other action of the enemy, if God please to give us 
advantage against them. 

As we compleat the account of our dead, now in doing, the Council is of 
the mind, without recruit of men we shall not be able to engage the main 
body. 

I give your honour hearty thanks I am Sir, your honor's 

for your kind lines, of which humble servant, 

I am not worthy Joseph Dudley. 

Since the writing of these lines, the General and Council have jointly 
concluded to abide on the place, notwithstanding the desire of Connecticut, 
only entreat that a supply of 200 may be sent us, with supply of command- 
ers; and, whereas we are forced to garrison our quarters with at least one 
hundred, three hundred men, upon joint accouut of the colonies, will serve, 
and no less, to effect the design. This is by order of the council. 

Blunderbusses, and hand grenadoes, and armour, if it may be, and at 
least two armourers to mend arms. 

Commissary Department. 
The following accounts are inserted in this place as showing some- 
what the method and material of the commissary department at that 
time. The accounts, as will be noticed, relate largely to the earlier 
part of the war, and the Mount Hope campaign under Gen. Cud- 
worth. The preliminary accounts having been squared by Mr. 
Southward (South worth), all the rest were gathered in the general 
settlement in January, 1675-6. — HalVs Journal, 



17, 00 



27 August 1675 
Plymouth Colony Dr. to Cash for severalls as followeth. 
To Phillip Curtis for five men to guard powder 

and shott 00 

To the Guard for expence at Roxbury 00, 08, 06 \ 

for \ bb l of biskett 00, 05, 09 

for l lb of powder besides what they brought 00, 01, 06 
Expence of s d Guard at Dedham 00, 13, 00 

September 14 th 1675 
Richard Smith for guarding Ammunition 00, 03, 00 ' 

Thomas Lawrence ditto. 00, 03, 00 

James Hosly ditto. 00, 03, 00 

James Montt ditto. 00, 03, 00 

Ebenezer Hill ditto. . 00, 03, 00 

November 23 d . Cr. By Pveceived of Mr. Southward 
for' disbursements . . . 

January 25 th 1675 
Plimouth Colony Dr. to Sundry acc ts as hear stated in p'per p'ce 
Eeveralls dd'. by sundry persons for the use of s d Colony at divers 



02, 05, 09 



00, 15, 00 



03, 00, 09 



us, lor 
time3 



1886.] 



Soldiers in King Philip* s War 



91 



from the 29 th of June last to this moneth inclusive as pr the acc ts , receipts, 
& orders relating thereunto tiled as g No. 1260 & 1270 £285, 14, 10 



2, 5, ) 

3, 0, J 



Armes for a muskett to Gen 1 Cudworth 
Liqors for Rum to viz. 

Mr James Brown 9| Gall. 

Their forces at Naragansett 12.J gall 

Apparel for several! s viz. ...... 

To Nathaniel Gunny 1 pr shoes . . 0, 4, 

Ditto Benjamin Peirce . . . . 0, 4, 

To Capt Cornelius, Wastcoat, Shoes & Stokins 0, 14, 
To Josiah Joslin, shoes and stockins . . 0, 7, 

To Gen 1 Cudworth 6 pr. shoes and lop. stockins 3, 
Delivered by the Commissioners to their forces at 
Narragansett viz. 
26 — shirts at 



00, 18, 00 



05, 05, 00 
32, 11, 00 



0, 



6 — "Wastcoats 

9 — |J> drawers 

1 — p breeches 

2 — lined coats 
10 — g shoes ) 

5 — g stockins J 
6 y d3 of canvas for neckcloaths \ 
shott pouch and calicoe ) 

180 y d5 sale cloth at y e 



7, 16, 

2, 14, 
1, 4,0 

0, 18, 

3, 0, 

4, 15, 

1, 0,0 
6, 15, 



]>28,2,0 



Ammunition Id' viz. .... 

To the officers a bagg with 35 lb3 powder 

Ditto to Benjamin Church with 18 lb3 and 50 bullets 2, 13 

To the Gen 11 1 cask bullets qr l lb or better 

To Mr James Brown h\ bbl powder at 7 lb pr bbl. 

Ditto 9 cask & 1 chest bullets qr. ll lb 
More dd'. by the Commissaries 480 flints 

124 bullets 
8 half barrells of powder of the Mattachusetts 

detaiued by the .Governor of Rhoad Island 

for 4 barrells lent to Plimouth 



Tobacco, for 15 Ib to Nathaniel Gunny 
Tooles, dd' to the officers v[z 3 spades 

2 Mattucks 
4 Axes 
Biskett dd' viz. To the Officers 150 cakes 
To Mr James Brown 9 hhds. 
To Gen ail Cudworth 3J hhds. 
Grocery for 2G lb Raisons sol is to ditto Brown 
Fish for 1 hhd. ditto .... 

Porke ditto for 5 bb l at 4 lb pr bb l 20, 00, 00 

2 bb 1 ditt " . 8, 00, 00 



(32,11,0) 




. . 


103, 08, 10 


2, 14, 




lets 2, 13, 6 




2, 16, 




1. 38, 10, 




25, 13, 4 




0, 10, 




2, 12, 




- 28, 0, 




(103, 08, 10) 




... 


0, 07, 06 


0, 10, ) 




I, 14, \ 


02, 08, 00 


1,04, 0) 




0,14,0) 




31, 10, Oi- 


44, 04, 00 


12, 00, 0) 




... 


01, 06, 00 


. 


04, 00, 00 



28, 00, 00 



92 



Soldiers in King Pinup's War. 



Miscellanies, for severalls viz 

To Benjamin Church 1 hh d biscake 
2 bb l porke 
2 bsh. pease & 1 sack 
20 lb tobacoe 
To Capt. Goram l hhd biskett & pease 
wanting 200 cakes 
l lb raisous solis 
4 large peeces of porke 
To Gen" 11 Cudworth 1 kittle . 
To ditto Church 1 jarr ovle 
2 galls wine 
10 ,b raisons solis 
To L* Tanner l bbl pease 
(4?) bbl biscake 
| bbl porke 
To John Cobleigh for ditt. Ch(urch)? 

l bbl salt 
At Narragansett 2 qire p(aper) 



| 01, 02, 



10, 00 

00 



03, 17, 06 

01, 10 00 
[oi,03, 00 

{ 04, 00, 00 

1 1, 16, 00 
- 0, 01, 00 



(24, 19, 06) 

Billetings, for quartering 12 souldiers at M r Miles hous 
Alsoe Geu a!1 Cudworth/s and Capt Bradfords Companies 
the 17 th 18 th & 19 th dayes of July with bread, pease, 
pork tobaco and liq°" 
Pease viz 

To dit. Browne 3 hhd with Cask 9, 00, 00 

To dit. Cudworth f bd j f ^ 00 

Cask for 9 hhd to Ditto Browne 

Maritim — disbursments viz ...... 

for the frait of 4 hhd bisket and 2 bbl of tobaco 

at guess 
Ditto to £- p* of the hire of Vessels 

Salt dd\ viz 

To Ditto Browne l hhd qr. 1 2 b ' h & Cask 2, 00, 00 

By Ditto Commissaries lh bsh 0, 06, 00 

Thomas Terry for 1 J firkins of sope 

l b,h meale, 10 wooden boules and 1 cann 

(285, 14, 10) 



y i, oo, oo 

10, 00, 00 



[Jan. 
24, 19, 06 






j> 10, 00, 00 

J 



10, 15, 00 

2,01, 00 

11, 00,~00 



02, 06, 00 
02, 05, 00 



June 24 th 1676. ' 
Plymouth Colony Cr By Viz. 

Ammunission for powder & ball returned as ) . . 

pNo 3185 I 44,18,0 

Biskett dit. 22, 00, 0^ G9 ' 18 > ° 

Graine for pease dit. 03, 00, 

By Disbursements for Ballance as p bond 11535 fo 1 544 215, 16, 06 

The account U thus carried to a later Ledger, which is lost. 



1886.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



93 



Maritime Department. 
The following may show somewhat of the n naval " power of that 
day, and the methods and means of transporting supplies. 

1675 Maritime Disbursements Dr 

Nov 20 To Peter Treby for frait of the Sieve -nmrose £09, 06, 00 

Dec 10 To Israel Nichols for wood for Goodall's Vessel 00, 05, 00 

" " To Stephen Hascott for dammage of the Sloope Swan 03, 10, 00 

Feby 29 To Anthony Low for frait . . .05, 00, 00 

1676 

Richard Goodall for frait ... 22, 00, 00 

Nehemiah Goodall for Service . . 05, 10, 00 



June 24 


a 


it 


tt 


a 


a 


u 


tt 


u 


it 


a 


tt 


a 


tt 


a 


it 


a 


a 


a 


tt 



Pilgrim Simpkin 
James Twisdell 
Richard Earle 
Ezekiel Gardner 
William Woodbery 
Anthony Haywood 
Thomas Moore 
John Baker 



02, 08, 00 
02, 08, 00 
02, 08, 00 
02, 02, 00 
05, 10, 00 
04, 00, 00 
10, 00, 00 
02, 08, 00 



Andrew Belcher, of Cambridge, a prominent merchant, with ves- 
sels operating between Boston and Connecticut ports, was active in 
these affairs, but his accounts doubtless fall into a later Ledger. 

In the State Archives, in some bills of Benjamin Gillam against 
the colony, I find the item, Jan'y 10, 1675 : 

" To charges on men to cut out Andrew Belcher's Sloop to goe to Nar- 



Mr. Church speaks of the arrival of Andrew Belcher as oppor- 
tune in saving the army ; Mr. Dudley says Goodale. Mr. Hub- 
bard's reference to the vessels " frozen in at Cape Cod," causing 
distress, was, I think, to a later time. 

After the return of the army to Mr. Smith's Garrison, the burial 
of the dead and removal of their wounded to Rhode Island, they 
spent several weeks parleying with the enemy, watching and re- 
cruiting. Major Treat withdrew with his Connecticut forces, 
against the wishes, it appears, of the General and the other officers, 
and was later called to account for insubordination. Additional 
troops were sent down from Boston, and Massachusetts and Ply- 
mouth held the field for a month longer ; but their operations and 
the closing part of this winter campaign, and the new forces engag- 
ed, must fall into the next chapter. 

Massachusetts afterwards redeemed the promise made to the sol- 
diers at Dedham Plain, and granted to eight hundred and forty 
claimants, including those of Plymouth, the seven Narragansett 
townships. Connecticut to her volunteers in the Narragansett wars 
granted the town of Voluntown. (See List in Narragansett His- 
torical Register, vol. i. p. 145, by Hon. lUchard A. Wheeler.) 

VOL. XL. 9 



The Indian Xames of Boston. [Jan. 



THE INDIAN NAMES OF BOSTON, AND THEIR 
MEANING. 

Read before the New England Historic Genealogical Society, November 4, 1SS5, 
By Prof. E. N. HoRsroRD, A.M., of Cambridge. 

THE following paper has grown out of the study of the Indian 
names of Eastern Long Island, New York, to which I was 
led in an investigation of some points of local history pertaining to 
the early settlement of Sylvester Manor, Shelter Island. Several 
of these names 1 that have been kept in use there were found to be 
nearly related to Indian names that have been preserved in the annals 
of Boston ; so that in the study of the one group I became, in a 
degree, familiar witli the other. In this research light has been 
thrown upon some other names of New England, which were neces- 
sarily introduced into my discussion. 

To illustrate my paper, I have added a tracing of YVinsor's map 
of ancient and modern Boston ; also one, somewhat modified, from 
Des Barres's map of Boston and its neighborhood ; together with a 
copy of Montanus's map, showing some of the Indian names, and 
their substitutes proposed by Prince Charles ; and, lastly, John 
Smith's map of 1(534. 

It will be seen that the region of the 2feck to which S'ttawmut 
(Sha-um-ut) applied had its narrowest part between Haymnrket 
Square and North Street, about on a line at right angles to the front 
of Oak Hall. In the time of Winthrop a canal was cut along what 
is now Blackstone Street, permitting small craft loaded with wood or 
other supplies procured on the shores of the Charles or Mystic to 
pass through for the needs of the dwellers on the east side of the 
peninsula. The Neck proper extended scarcely a hundred yards 
along what is now Hanover Street, and comprised with it a strip on 
either side, a little more than twice the width of the present street, 
as laid down on AVinsor's map. The farthest reach of the water 
from the cast was a point about midway between Union and Black- 
stone streets, and equally distant from North and Hanover streets. 

The late Dr. T. W. Harris, librarian of Harvard College, as I 
am informed by Mr. Charles Deane, suggested that the names 
Boston, Hull, and Cambridge were transferred from the sites to 
which Prince Charles assigned them, and were not original selections 
by the first settlers, as in regard to Boston Dudley would lead us to 
believe. The observations presented in the following paper may 
throw some light on how the unanimity of assent as to the proposed 
change was promoted. In addition to what is stated in my paper, 

[issepaug, Mashom-nk, Hnshim-om-uk, Mcntank, 

Mal.-li.ui- -.1 -...:■■ I- iux=ii-ou-um-tl!;. 



I 



E /P T E N^ 



,Nova Francis], 



M?$ 



LI TJ ¥ 







/. j 



















9 





1886.] The Indian Karnes of Boston. 95 

I may add that Cambridge was a name assigned by Prince Charles 
to a point near the mouth of the Kennebec, called also Qninnebequi. 1 
Kennebec and Quinnebequi differ only dialeetically. Both mean 
long still water. If an Indian of the Massachusetts tribe, standing 
on the bank of any river against a stretch of "dead water," were 
asked what he called the stream, he would reply (that point alone 
being in his mind), Quinnebequi ( Quinne, f ']ong, and bequi, '"still 
water"), or the same wurd with dialectic modification. So he must 
have replied to Winthrop and Dudley, or Saltonstall and Philips, if 
they stood together near Winthrop Square, Old Cambridge, or near the 
Saltonstall landing against the Cambridge Hospital ; and when they 
recalled Smith's map and account, and saw Cambridge on the river 
called Quinnebequi, they found the Prince had already bestowed a 
name. 

The name Anmoughcawgen, which Smith had placed higher up 
on the Kennebec (Quinnebequi) of Maine, qualified possibly the 
Charles and the Kennebec alike. It may mean F i shin g-jn ace 
weir, or perhaps Beaver dam. In the former case the "Fish 
weir" in Watertown would have borne the name associated with 
Cambridge ; in the latter, the sources of both streams — the Charles 
and the Kennebec — were regions in which beaver dams and meadows 
abounded. 



When Winthrop came out in 1G30, after a brief detention at Salem he 
moved around to Nantasket. Leaving the vessels there, he came up with 
the principal men of the Company to Charlestown, the residence of Thomas 
Walford, who was living within a stockaded enclosure on the slope of 
Breed's Hill, looking toward Copp's Hill, across the Charles River. The 
situation did not please Winthrop's Company mainly because of the want 
of good water. The spring on which Mr. Walford depended was below 
high-water mark, and was, of course, available only when the tide was out ; 
and much of this time it yielded a more or less brackish water. 

Mr. Winthrop, Mr. Saltonstall, Mr. Dudley and others set out to find a 
more desirable spot on which to erect their dwelling-houses. Saltonstall 
and some others established themselves at Watertown, in the neighborhood 
of Mount Auburn, where they found good water. Winthrop and Dudley 
and others began to build at Cambridge, where, also, they found water. 
Before Winthrop had proceeded far, Mr. William Blaxton. who had been 
established for some years on the westerly slope of Beacon Hill, or possi- 
bly further north, invited him to settle at Shaumut, as there were good 
springs tftere. 

The substance of this interview is in a note in the early records of 
Charlestown. 

The first utterance of the word Shawmutt by an Englishman, spelled pre- 
cisely as if pronounced as we pronounce it to-day, occurred at least as early 
as 1G30. 

The inducement mentioned by Blaxton (or Blackstone) and the coinci- 

1 It is also printed Quinobequin and Quinibequy. 



96 The Indian Names of Boston, [Jan- 

dent needs of Winthrop may have given rise to the notion that the mean- 
ing of Shawmutt was " a spring of water." For this or some other reason 
the notion has found wide acceptance from that day to this. 1 

In 1817 Charles Shaw, in a very interesting volume entitled " A Topo- 
graphical and Historical Description of Boston," suggests that the name 
"Shawmut" means Peninsula ; and leads us to infer that it applied to the 
great block of land connected by the Roxbury Neck with the ma in -land ; 
although he recognizes that there was the principal neck, and a neck within, 
known also as the " chief landing place." Mr. Shaw supported his sug- 
gestion by references to Indian names of other localities, which, however, 
in the light of more recent study, admit of other interpretations. The sug- 
gestion was, nevertheless, a very happy one, and came very near to render- 
ing further research unnecessary. 

In 1822 Rev. Samuel Deane, of Scituate, in a communicatian to the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, finds the origin of Shawmut in certain 
words of somewhat remote relationship, and that the word means a foun- 
tain of living icaters. " Mishawumut " he translated a great spring. 

Mr. Drake, the author of the " History and Antiquities of Boston," p. 
457, remarks that he thinks Shawmut means " Free Country, free land, or 
land unclaimed." He does not give his reasons in detail. 

The most recent and thoughtful of the various discussions of the meaning 
of Shawmut is contained in a communication from the eminent Algonquin 
scholar, Dr. Trumbull, of Hartford, addressed to the late Mr. Folsom, Sec- 
retary of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and published in the Pro- 
ceedings of the Society some twenty years ago. 

This paper derives the name from an Indian phrase, which Dr. Trum- 
bull translates, Where there is going by boat. 

The phrase, including Mushau-womuk as one of its stages of degradation, 
Mishawumut perhaps as another, and M'Shawmut as a third, became at 
length, in the utterance of English-speaking people, Shawmut, the meaning 
of which, in short, was Ferry, and referred to " where there was going by 
boat " to Charlestown. 

My studies have led me to another interpretation, and its contrast with 
this of Dr. Trumbull illustrates the fine spirit of the intimation, in quite 
another connection, by this accomplished writer, that it is well to regard 
efforts in this direction as tentative, and our conclusions, at the best, as 
scarcely more than provisional. 

In Wood's " New Englands' Prospect," edited by Mr. Charles Deane, 
there is, near the close, a short vocabulary of Indian words and a collection 
of Indian geographical names. 

In this latter list one column gives the Indian names, and another the 
corresponding English names, where known. 

1 " Authority that can be relied upon" (Dr. Shurtleff, p. 25, "Historical Description of 
Boston") " says : In the mean time, Mr. Blackstone, dwelling on the other side of Charles 
River, alone, at a place by the Indians called .Shawmntt, where he only had a cottage — 
at, not far off, the place called Blaekstone's Point, he came and acquainted the Gover- 
nor of an excellent sprinz there, withal inviting him and soliciting him thither. Where- 
upon after the death of Mr. Johnson and divers others, the Governor with Mr. Wil-on and 
the greater part of the church removed thither; whither also the frame of the Governor's 
house in preparation in this town [Winthrop's house was begun at what is now Cambridge] 
■was (also to the discontent of some) carried, when people began to build their houses 
against winter, and this place was called Boston." 

Prince says: (Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., iv. p. loo): " The want of good water and other 
conveniences at Charlestown made several go abroad upon discovery. Some _ r o over 
to Shawmut, some go without Charlestown Neck and travel up into the main till they come 
to a place well watered, whither Sir Richard Saltonstall with Mr. Phillips (minister) and 
Beveral others went, and settled a plantation, and called it Watertown." 



1886.] The India n Nam es of Bos to ji. 97 

Among them occur the following: — 
Mishaum, 

Mishaumut, Charlestowne. 

Massachusets, Boston. 

Dr. Trumbull suggested in regard to the column of geographical names, 
that, through a mistake of the type-setter, the English names had been 
dropped a line. It will be seen that there was no error in print requiring 
this explanation. 

In Ogilby's "America" (1671) we have, in a list of the early settle- 
ments of New England, against Charlestown, the name Mashaicmut. 

We have, then, three forms of the Indian name of the site of Charles- 
town : — 

Mishaumut, Wood, 1634. 

Mashawmut, Ogilby, 1671. 

Mishawumut, Rev. Samuel Deane, 1822. 

These are not different Indian words, but different results of English 
efforts to write what the Indian gave as the name of the site of Charles- 
town. 

They are obviously different forms of one word. Wood was several 
years in the neighborhood. He prepared a vocabulary of Indian words. 
Neither of the other authorities had this advantage. Wood's form. Mishau- 
mut, commends itself. He spells the name of Charles River, Mishaum. 
Let us take his form, Mishaumut, as the Indian name of Charlestown. 
Neither Wood nor Ogilby give Shaumut as a name for Boston. The 
only authority for this name is Blaxton. It differs from the name for 
Charlestown in that it lacks the prefix Mi or Mis. 

The meaning of Mis we know. It occurs in J/z'stick, a tidal river sweep- 
ing Charlestown on the north and west, and in another tidal river near 
Stonington in Connecticut. It occurs in Missouri and in J/^sissippi, the 
great rivers ; in JZ/stassini, the great lake south of Hudson's Bay. Its 
signification is well known. It means great. Mas is a dialectic equiv- 
alent of Mis. 

Mistick River is great as compared with other tidal rivers leading up into 
Maiden and Medford meadows. 

Mis-shaumut, or Mishaumut, differs from Shaumut (whatever that may 
mean), in that it is something relatively greater. 

Let us look again at Wood's column of Indian names. They are ar- 
ranged thus : — 

Mishaum, 

Mishaumut, Charlestowne, 

as if both names might be used for the same locality. 1 They differ from 
each other in that one has the terminal syllable at. 
Thomas Walford's residence was Mishaumz^. 

What does this terminal syllable ut mean ? The answer is happily at 
hand. Books were printed for the use of the Indians in the two lan- 
guages; English on one page, and over against it the Indian translation. 
On the English titlepage the books were printed at Boston. On the 

1 Dr. Palfrey, vol. i. " Hist, of New England," p. 2S9, savs: "The visitors found at 
Mishawum an English palisaded and thatched house, wherein lived Thomas Walford, a 
smith." " Before the winter, an exploring party either besran or made preparations for 
a settlement at Mishawam, now Charlestown. Everett's Address at Charlestoicn, June 23, 
1830. Mishaum and Mishaumut were understood by the English as interchangeable or 
equivalent, as applied to Charlestown. 
VOL. XL. 9* 



98 Tlie Indian Names of Boston. [Jan. 

Indian titlepage they were printed Boston-z^. (Trumbull, Winsor's 
"Boston.") 

When Eliot, in attempting to translate the phrase, showing himself 
through the lattice (Solomon's Song. ii. 9), for his Indian Bible, finding the 
nearest equivalent for lattice was the Indian expression for eel-pot, decided to' 
transfer the English word unchanged, with the addition only of the syllable 
ut, — making <k lattessut " do service in defining the position, when a show- 
ing himself through the lattice." (Breeches Bible, 1599, has grates, Solo- 
mon's Song, xi. 9, and lattesse, Judges v. 28.) 

Ut is a syllable of location, at, near, against, on this side, on that side, etc. 

We cannot be mistaken as to the meaning of the terminal syllable ut. 
Thomas Walford lived near Mishaum, and William Blaxton lived near 
Shaum. 

The peninsula of Charlestown was near Mishaum. The peninsula of 
Copp's Ilill was near Shaum. 

The unknown part of Mi-shaum-ut is reduced to two syllables. The 
unknown part of Shaum-ut is less by one syllable. What remains is Shaum. 

It seems in the Massachusetts dialect that the addition of um to a prepo- 
sition or adverb or adjective converts it into a noun, — na-um, wam(p)um, 
won^-um, shong-um, etc. That is, we may regard um (or wum, our spell- 
ing) as a terminal syllable, without meaning, except in combination. It is, 
for example, like ness in English, or heit in German. Ness converts up- 
right, an adjective, into uprightness, a noun. Keit converts aufrichtig, an 
adverb, into aufrichtigJceit, a noun. 

So um or wum, which we find in Shaum (ut) or Shawum(ut), and in 
(Mis)shaum or (Mis)shawum(ut), when taken away, leaves Sha as a possi- 
ble adverb, or preposition, or adjective, — the remaining syllable the mean- 
ing of which is to be found. 

To ascertain the meaning of this syllable, I have collected many Indian 
words in which it occurs, and sought, by a process of substitution, to find 
the word or phrase which would fit equally well in all the combinations of 
the syllable sha. 

Dr. Trumbull has laid down a rule in regard to Indian geographical 
names, which has been found to be of almost universal appplication. 1 It is 
this : — 

" Evert name DESCRIBED the locality to which it was 

AFFIXED. 

Of such names, in which the syllable sha occurs, there is Na-sha-un 
(Tsaushaun) (un for umj, the long, narrow island between Vineyard Sound 
and Buzzard's Bay; and Na-sha-we-na, another island, between the same 
two sheets of water. 

Na-sha-wi (oue, ue) (Xashaway), a river emptying into the Merrimack, 
not far from Lowell. 

Mi-sha-um (Mis-sha-um), the Charles River. 

Mi-sha-um, Charlestown. 

Sha-womet is the Indian name of a part of Warwick Neck in Rhode 
Island. Sha-omet and Mi-sha-womut are also found on Rhode Island 
maps. 

Sha appears in the Indian name Chawum (Shaum) of Captain John 
Smith, and the same name written in the town records of Sandwich is 
Shaum-e (e silent. Dr. D wight). 

1 The Composition of Indian Geographical Names. ColL Conn. Hist. Soc., vol. ii. p. 4. 



1886.] The Indian Karnes of Boston, 99 

Sha-um, with slight modification, is the name of a neck of land not far 
from Dightou Rock ; of another neck of laud near Fall River ; of another 
between Seconnet and New Bedford; another on the peninsula of Cape 
Cod. 

Na-sha-quit-za describes a locality on Nantucket. 

In another class of names we have Mi-sha-on. 

Mi-sha-on, the trunk of a tree. 

Mi-sha-on, or Misho-on, or Misho-an, or Mushau-on, the canoe made from 
the trunk of a tree. 

Na-sha-onk, the throat. 

Mi-sha-onk, the trunk of the body, distinct from the head, arms and legs. 

Sha-meek is a Delaware name for eel, still used on Nantucket. The eel 
is also called Meek-sha, or Neek-sha. 

Sha (or Schach) enters into the name of a gun-barrel, and fenced road 
or highway. [Delaware.] 

Na-sha-wi (or ue or we) is the Indian equivalent of between the walls, as 
of a village, for example, in Eliot's Bible. 

Naha-sha-wi is employed by Eliot as the Indian equivalent of in a strait 
betwixt two. Na is repeated for emphasis, as M out and out." or " very 
true." 

In looking over this list, which need not be further extended, it will be 
readily seen that the single phrase suited to all the various uses of the syl- 
lable Sha is parallel-sided. 

Let ns apply it. 

The gun barrel is parallel-sided. 

The eel (Sha-meek) is a parallel-sided fish ; meek is Delaware for fi$k. 

The sturgeon (Keppi-sha-raeek) is an encased, parallel-sided fish. 

Na means in the middle, half way, between, divide, etc. 

Onk means upright. 

Na-sha-onk, the throat, is middle-of-the-parallel-sided upright. 

Mis-sha-onk, the trunk of the human body, is the great-parallel-sided 
upright. 

The trunk of the tree is the-great-parallel-sided Mis-sha-on (Mishaon) ; 
and the canoe made from it is Misha-on, or Misho-on, or Mushauou. 

Mi-sha-um is the great parallel-sided River Charles. 1 (See Wood's 
" New Englands' Prospect.") 

It is also the great parallel-sided Neck of Charlestown, near which was 
Mi-sha-um-z^, the residence of Walford. 

Sha-um is that which is parallel-sided, as the Neck at Sandwich. 

1 Charles River had in its different portions different Indian names. Mi-sha-uhi, the 
great-parallel-sided, — the eel river, applied well to the portion between the Watertowu Ar- 
senal and the Cottage Farm station on the Boston and Albany Railroad. Quinobequin, 
given by Morse as a name of Charles River, was probably, as suggested by the late Dr. T. 
W. Harris, librarian of Harvard College, transferred, with Cambridge, from the region of 
the Kennebec, where it was placed in Smith's account, to the region of Boston. It was not 
the name of a river as a proper name. Quinnebequi applied to long stretches of still tcafer, 
as the same name with dialectic modification applied to portions of the Kennebec. Another 
Indian name, Xorombegue, is mentioned by Allefonsce, Thevet and Ogilby, which defined 
or described another peculiar feature or portion of the river. Captain Juhn Smith substi- 
tuted for Massachusets — the Indian name of the mouth of the river — the name of Prince 
Charles. On Verrazano's map (Maiollo's) of our coast, 1527, is the name Anguileme, which 
is repeated on the maps of Gastaldi and Ruseelli, and is mentioned by Thevet. and also by 
Buno in his comment on Cluverias (see Ogilby), as being under the forty-third degree of 
latitude. It has interest as a possible translation of Mishaum, one of the Indian names of 
Charles River given above. 



100 The Indian Xames of Boston, [Jan. 

Sha-um was the Neck, upon or near which was the first Indian settle- 
ment, between the cove formerly coming in from the northwest to beyond 
the eastern limit of Ilaymarket Square, and the bay extending from the 
east to points west of Dock Square, as shown on YVinsor's map of aucieut 
Boston. 

As Shaum was the neck, Shaum-ut seems to have been applied, as alrea- 
dy intimated, to the peninsula which was near it to the north as well. So 
Mishaum was the greater neck, and Mishauui-ut was applied to the whole 
peninsula of Charlestown, which was near it on the east, and greater than 
the peninsula north of the present Blackstone Street. 

As Sha-um-ut was the residence of Blaxton, near the Neck, so Mi-sha- 
um-ut was the temporary stoppiug-place of Winthrop, near the greater 
Neck. 

So I conceive came the name Siiawmut. 

There was another name of early Boston, of which note was taken bv 
Dr. Trumbull :— 

Mush a u-womuk. 

Indian books were printed at Mushau-womuk, according to the Indian 
title page. They were printed, as the English title page showed, at Boston. 
(Trumbull.) 

The business streets or lanes of that period were in the region we now 
know as Blackstone and Union streets. Mushau-womuk was at the head 
of the cove, since filled in. It was the place where the canoes coming from 
Charlestown (Mishaumut) and perhaps Chelsea (Wiune-sim-met) made the 
land. It was the canoe-landing-place, which is the meaning of Mushau-wo- 
muk. It described one side of the neck, — the Shaum. It was the name an 
Indian, with little conception of a proper geographical name, would give, in 
reply to inquiry. He would thus describe the spot to which he conceived 
his attention had been directed. 

From Mushaum-. — canoe — the m was dropped for ease of utterance ; om 
was enclosure; uk (ock) was place ; w (or oo) may be euphonic. The place 
where the canoe was kept — the ferry landing— -was 

Mushau-womuk. 

Another name was recognized by Father Rasles, the Jesuit missionary 
among the Abnakis. It is given in his Abnaki Dictionary under the head 
Noms, p. 493. 

3Iessatsoosec, Bastox. 

Baston was the spelling on Montanus's map; it was the same on La Hon- 
tin's map. (On Smith's map, Snodouu is spelled Snadoun.) 

Wood, in his " New Englands' 1 Prospect," already cited, wrote the 
name as he understood it : — 

Massachusets, Boston, 

instead of Messatsoosec, Bastox. 

If we analyze the name given by Father Rasles, we find familiar forms 
under dialectic variation. 

Mess is the same as mas or mis or mus, great. 

at-soo is adchu, wadchu, hill. 

sec is sac, saco, or saugus, mouth. 

The combination, according to Rasles, was Great- Bills- Month, referring 

1 Wood placed the apostrophe after the *. 



1886.] The Indian Names of Boston. 101 

to the mouth of Charles River, near Trimountain, and contrasting it with 
the mouths of Naponsett, 1 Weymouth, and the other lesser streams empty- 
ing into Boston Harbor. 

The combination, Massachusetts, which is said to have been applied, and 
properly, to the country about the Blue Hills of Milton, was also properly 
employed in Massachusetts Bay. 2 It is the bay of the Great- Hills- Mouth, 
or the bay at the mouth of the Charles River. 

This name was another descriptive appellation of the site, not of the neck 
or the head of the cove, but of the mouth of the river emptying into the bay 
near this point. 

But there was still another name. It occurs in Ogilby's " America," 
and in some respects is the most interesting of all, from its possible imme- 
diate connection with the final adoption of the English name Boston. 

Ogilby seems not to have heard of Shaumut or Shawmut, or Mushau- 
womuk or Messatsoosec, as Indian names of the region of Boston. He says 
(edition of 1671, p. 159) the name was " anciently " 

Accomonticus. 

It is not difficult to analyze this name. It is the same as the Abnaki 
name, Agamenticus. 

Accom (or Ogkome. Eliot) means beyond. 

Mon (or man, or men, or min) means elevation, or abrupt rising from 
water or a plain. 

tuc (or tick) means tidal river or cove. 

es (or us) means little. 

Accomonticus means Beyond-the-hill-little-cove. 

This would be the descriptive term employed by an Indian standing on 
the site of the Charlestown Navy Yard, and describing the head of the an- 
cient cove reaching up to the east side of the mill-pond of earlier times and 
of the present Haymarket Square. To him it would be the " Beyond-the 
hill-little-cove." 

So it would if he stood at the old Fort Washington, south of West 
Boston Bridge, looking across the ridsre traversed bv Leveret Street. 

So it would be if he were at Brookline or Roxbury, looking over Bea- 
con Hill, or if he were at South Boston or Dorchester, looking over the 
ancient Fort Hill. 

From all these points the Sha-um or Mushau-womuk would be at or near 
the Beyond-the-hill-little-cove. 

I have already intimated that this name is the most interesting of the 
four early Indian names of Boston, because it seems to be connected with 
the vote of the authorities in 1630, which determined the present English 
name of the locality which had at first been called Trimountain. 

You will remember that Captain John Smith, after his return from his 
services at Jamestown, Virginia, sailed from England, April, 1614, on a 
voyage to our shores. His first land made was the Island Monahigan? off 
the mouth of the Penobscot. He sent a part of his ship's company to col- 
lect fish, and with a boat's crew of eight besides himself he explored the 
-coast as far south as Cape Cod. He obtained the various Indian names by 
which were known the bays, rivers, capes, etc., of the coast, and to some 
extent of the interior; and having placed them upon the outline chart he 

1 "Winthrop's map of 1631 gives NapomM. 

8 Sett means surrounding, about, in (he neighborhood of. Wood wrote the name with 
one t. It seems here to be "the equivalent of sec. 
3 Manheigin on J. F. W. Des Barres's map, 1776. 



102 The Indian Names of Boston. [Jan. 

had prepared, solicited the young Prince Charles to substitute for them 
such other names as might be acceptable to his Royal Highness, that he 
nii<;ht so remove the barbarous names, and at the same time give to the 
future settlers in the New England 1 opportunity to say that their places of 
residence were named by their sovereign. The Prince acquiescing, dis- 
tributed familiar English and Scotch names up and down the coast. Of 
these, Plymouth, Cape Ann (named after his royal mother) and Charles 
River, became permanent. 

Among these names were Boston (or Baston, on Ogilby's map, and pro- 
nounced Bawston), given to the mouth of the Little York River (a few 
miles north of Portsmouth), called by the Indians Agamenticus or Acomin- 
ticus (Montanus). and Hull, at the mouth of the Piscataqua. 

The name Accomonticus (Ogilby) described the site of the mouth of 
Little York River to one approaching it from the north, as it lay behind the 
hill called by the Indians Sassanows (the modern Agamenticus). Little 
York River, a short tidal river, was the Beyond-the-hill-little-cove. 

For the name Piscataqua, the first river south of the Little York, the 
Prince wrote " Hull." 

The descriptive appellation Accomonticus was encountered — that is, must 
have been, as we have seen — by Winthrop and his exploring parties at 
numerous points, when inquiry was made of the Indians as to the name of 
the head of the cove, the canoe place, and also the neck. (See Des Barres's 
map of Boston and the neighboring country, or the outline submitted here- 
with.) 

Winthrop's Company had Smith's map. They had doubtless Cham- 
plain's and others, and recognizing how imperfect they were, and how ex- 
aggerated the distances, and how incorrect and even transposed many of 
the situations of localities, naturally found themselves embarrassed. To 
them the names were proper names ; not simply descriptive appellations, us 
they were to the natives, determined mainly by the position of the observer. 

It is conceivable, therefore, that they came to think the Acominticus of 
Smith was the Accomonticus at the mouth of the Charles, and that 
Boston was the name chosen happily by their King for the settlement 
at the head of the bay, and was a selection of some fifteen years' 
standing, Dudley says it was proposed to give this name to their chief 
town before the company sailed from England. If this purpose governed 
the majority of the council, the aid afforded by the Indians must have con- 
tributed to induce the minority to acquiesce in their wish. 

The recorded vote is very simple. It was taken September 7, 1G30. In 
a long statement of what was done at that meeting appears the record : 
"And that Tri mountain be called Boston " : it is not that Shawmut, or Jlush- 
auwomuh, or 3fassachusets, or Accomonticus be changed, but that " Tri- 
mountain 2 be called Boston." 

At the same meeting it was also voted, and all recorded in one para- 
graph, to change Mattapan to Dorchester, and Pigsyusset (Pequusset) to 
Watertown. This summary statement indicates an adequate previous dis- 
cussion, but what it was is not recorded. 

In the history of Hull I have failed to find any note of the origin of the 
name. The position of the name at the mouth of the Piscataqua (Passata- 

1 Smith seems to have been the first to give the name Xexo England. 

* The name "Trimountain" was probably first given by Gun:"-/, the Spanish navigator, 
la 1525, as identifying the archipelago wbicli long bore his name (Dr. Kohl, Cull. Maine 
hist. Soc, voL i. 2d Ser. pp. 310-322)," and which seems to have beeu Boston Harbor. 



H; / 




7" 




^cX^*U JLl~^ 



1886.] 



JNotcs and Queries. 



103 



quack on Montanus's map) was the same, relatively, that the modern Hull 
holds now, — at or near the mouth of the first principal river next entering 
the ocean going southward, — the roadstead against Nantssket (Hull) might 
be regarded as the mouth of the Neponset (or Weymouth) the next to the 
Charles. 

The name Hull seems to have been found where it is, by the historian of 
Plymouth County, but how it came there I have not had the fortune to find 
put. In reality, it seems to have been conferred by Prince Charles, when 
he replaced the Indian names at the request of Smith, and, like Boston, to 
have been transferred from the Piscataqua to the Charles. 

The several Indian names of Boston and their significations are as, fol- 
lows : — 

(Shawmut), 



Sha-um-ut 
Mushau-womuk, 
Messatsoosec 
Accomonticus, 



(Massachusetts), 



Near the Neck. 

Canoe-place. 

Great-Hills- Mouth. 
Beyond-the-hill-Utile-cove. 



NOTES AXD QUEPvIES. 

Notes. 

John" Harvard and Cambridge University. — An English correspondent writes 
as follows : 

'* The two signatures of John Harvard are in the Subscription Book. Here every 
person, on admission to a decree, subscribed his name in token of his assent to the 
Royal Supremacy, the authority of Holy Scripture and the Thirty-Nine Articles of 
the Church of England. The declaration on these points is written, and then each 
person for himself acknowledges his absent to it. The order adopted is by Colleges, 
and Harvard's signature appears amongst those from Emmanuel on taking hi- R. A. 
degree in 1631 and his M.A. in 1635, the latter being much the better of the two. 
These books L r o back to 1613, when subscription was first required, and the origi- 
nals have been preserved from that time to this day ; and, as I need not say, are of 
the highest interest. Subscription, properly so called, has been abolished, but per- 
sons admitted to degrees still sign the book. Amongst recent signatures of inter- 
est, that of your distinguished fellow citizen, ' Robert Charles Winthrop,' caught 
my eye. The Register of which Mr. Shuckburgh wrote to you (Reg. xxxix. 0:27) 
as having been preserved since 1544, is the Matriculation Register, but this does 
not contain the signatures of the persons matriculated. Signatures go back only 
to the period when subscription began, which, as f have said, was in 1613. 

*' The only original record of theperiod which Emmanuel College possesses is a 
book with the heading ' Recepta ab ingredientibus,' which begins November 1, 1584, 
the year of the foundation of the C ollege. This book I have examined. I tran- 
scribe the first two names in the list headed, ' From Oct. 25, 1027.' The payment 
on entrance seems to have been, for a fellow commoner, who is styled 'Mr.,' 
£5 ; for a pensioner 10 shillings, and for a sizar 2s. 6d. Thus Harvard is shown 
to have been a pensioner. 

1 from Oct. 25, 1627 
Edmond Spinckes Octob. 25, Lincolneshire 0. 2.6 

John Harverd Midlsex : Decemb. 19 0. 10. ' 

" The list has been conjectured to be a summary of previous more detailed en- 
tries, but I found no sufficient evidence to support this conjecture. 

" It seems to me that, in this Harvard matter, confusion has arisen through lack 
of accuracy in designating things, and in particular that the word ' Register * has 
been, and is often, used inexactly. ' Matriculation Register of Emmanuel College ' 
is wrong. Matriculation is an act, the record of which is kept by the University, 
and not by the College of the person matriculating. Each College keeps an Admis- 
sion Register, but that of Emmanuel is not existing for Harvard's date. The ' Re- 
cepta ab ingredientibus ' is the sole contemporary record of the kind which the Col- 



104 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

lege possesses. The Matriculation Renter — which by the way I do not find has 
ever neen consulted on this point — is not a book of signatures, whereas the Sub- 
scription Book, as its name implies, consists of nothing but signatures. 

44 1 hope in due course we shall have a satisfactory volume touching John Har- 
vard which will comprise all that is known of him, both on this side and on yours. 
It is a great mistake to isolate such a man. We want to know his surroundings, 
and to have grouped about him, for instance, his contemporaries at Emmanuel. I 
will give you an instance of what 1 mean by referring to two of those contempora- 
ries. One is Bancroft, whose name is specially associated with Emmanuel, of 
which he became Master. Later still he was Archbishop of Canterbury, and was 
chief of the Seven who were sent to the Tower by James II. In spite ot this hard 
usage he refused to swear allegiance t> William III., was deprived and retired to 
a small patrimony at Fressinirtield in Suffolk. Here he died. This on one side. On 
the other was Whichcote, he having taken his degree, and therefore having sub- 
scribed to the above described 'three articles,' was not only a good puritan, but 
was so good a republican that, thanks to the favor of the Cromwellites, he became 
the intended Provost of Kings, and thus had under his care that grandest monu- 
ment of English ecclesiastical architecture in its latest development — royal not 
alone in its founder and iu its benefactors, but in itself — King's College Chapel. 

44 This kind of matter would add, I think, much to the interest of any biography 
of Harvard. The influence of Emmanuel upon the University at large was great 
during the puritan sway. It furnished, if I remember, not fewer than twelve heads 
of Houses, most of whom, if not all, had, of course, to retire at the restoration/' 

The entry in the "Recepta," in which Harvard is recorded as of Middlesex, 
caused some to think that Col. Chester was wrong when he expressed the opinion 
that he was a son of Robert Harvard of S »uthwark in Surrey (Reg. xsxvi. 319) ; 
but Mr. Waters's researches furnish a sufficient explanation. After Robert Har- 
vard's death his widow married John Elletson, of London. Though John Harvard 
was not matriculated at Cambridge University till a year after his step-father's 
death, it is probable that his mother continued to reside in London till her mar- 
riage to Richard Yearwood, and that she resided there when the above entry was 
made. — Editor. 



"Wood.— Rev. Abner Morse in his History of Sherborn, p. 264, says that Eleazer, 

eon of Nicholas Wood, born 1662, died 1704, " m. Dorotha , perhaps Bad- 

cock, from Milton, and daughter of George Badcock." There is no Dorothy Badcock 
on the Milton records that this could have been. " He had Dorotha, who m. Capt. 
John Ware Sera?. of.Wrentham Dec. 21, 1709 Hannah, b. 16SS, m. Capt. Jo- 
seph Ware 1703." The John Ware here mentioned was the father of Hannah's 
husband Joseph ; as he was 63 years old at this time, and as there appears to be 
no record of any Dorothy among Eleazer's children, it seems more probable that, 
like some other men of his time, John Ware married his son's mother-in-law ; that 
is, Eleazer Wood's widow, not his daughter. E. F. Ware. 



Palmer, Kent and Prescott.— Goodwin in his work states that Elizabeth [Pal- 
mer], the second wife of Joseph Kent, of Nuffield (born Feb. 26, 1709-10), was born 

8 August, 1718. The Town Record, however, reads " Timothy Palmer 2d and 

Abigail Allen were joyned in marriage April ye 8th 1703'' and, after naming 

other children, '* Elizabeth was bom August ye 14th 1713." The Town Rec- 
ord gives also the following birth-dates of her children : 
Abigail 2 Nov. 1751. 
Elizabeth 20 Feb. 1752-3. 
Lydia 26 Feb. 1757. 

Timothy 3 Palmer, 2d, was the son of Timothv 2 Palmer, who was the son of Tho- 
mas 1 of Rowley, 1630. 

In the Prescott Genealogy, p. 248 (Part II.), No. 153, 7, an error occurs, the re- 
searches of the Rev. William Churchill Reade of Candia having proved that John 
Prescott, born Sept. 14, 1716, married Patience Palmer (born about 1755, died 
M 12 Dec. 1819, aged 64 years ") and had by her 

Josiah, born about 1776 (whose body was exhumed), who died 28 Sept. 1820. 

Pnscilla, bom 17S1 . died sin Je 2 Aug. 1650. 

James, born 1569, died 22 Nov. IbOG. 



1886.] 



Notes and Queries. 



105 



Patience was the daughter of Dea. Stephen 4 Palmer (by Priseilla his wife), he 
being the son of Timothy, 3 the son of Thomas, 2 the son of Thomas 1 of Rowley, 1639. 

From Dea. Stephen the Hon. Albert Palmer, mayor of Boston 1863, is descended 
—the line running Stephen, 4 Joseph, 8 Joseph, 6 Albert. 7 

Norwich, Ct. Frank Palmer. 











British Stamp for America, 1765.— A facsimile of the stamp for the British colo- 
nies, issued under the act of March 22, 1765, is given in the 
margin. It was engraved for the " Centennial of the In- 
corporation of Charleston, S. C," 1833, and was loaned to 
Mr. Colburn of the publishing committee by the Hon. 
William A. Courtenay, mayor of that city. The following 
description of the stamps is copied from the American 
Journal of Numismatics, July, 1885, p. 20 : 

" They were embossed on a coarse, bluish paper, and 
bore the device of the English rose, crowned, surround- 
ed by the motto of the Garter. At the left of the 
crown was the letter A. Above was the word America, and 
below, the value. On the face of the stamp at the right will 
be observed an oblong space, showing where a piece of 
lead or tin was inserted, by which the stamp was attached 
to the document, passing through them both, and covered behind by a counter- 
Ftamp, somewhat smaller, bearing the device of a crown and the cypher G. R. This 
counter-stamp was printed on similar, bat usually white, paper. An illustration of 
a smaller denomination is given in Lossing's " Field Book of the Revolution/' vol. 
ii. ; but it lacks the word * America,' 1 which will be observed on this." 

These stamps are rare ; but the Hon. Dr. Samuel A. Green, librarian of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, has three specimens, and that society has three 
more. 

Ten years before the famous "Stamp Act" of 1765, the Province of Massachu- 
setts passed a somewhat similar act, which is printed entire in the Register for July, 
1860, vol. xiv. pp. 267-70, with descriptions of the stamps issued under it. The 
act was passed at the January session of the General Court, 1755, and was to con- 
tinue in force two years. Holmes, in his "Annals of America," placed the act 
under the year 1759, an error which has been followed by later writers. 



A New Word (Totalling). — The tendency to coin new words is not confined to 
the makers of "slang." The latest coinage is the word "totalling," as a pre- 
sent participle, in the sense of ' ; summing up." So far as appears, the London 
Globe of Nov. 16, 1885, is responsible for this illegitimate and unnecessary word. 



Mrs. Sarah (Chaplin) Rockwood, a native of Groton, Mass., where she was born 
on Nov. 8, 1785, celebrated her centennial birthday at Cortland, Cortland County, 
N. Y. Her father was the Rev. Dr. Daniel Chaplin (H. C. 1772), who was settled 
over the First Parish in Groton for half a century, and her mother was Susanna, 
daughter of the Hon. James Prescott, and a niece of Col. William Prescott. the 
commander of the American forces at the battle of Bunker II ill. Mrs. Rockwood 
still takes an interest in public affairs and reads the newspapers; and she can 
thread her needle without the aid of glasses. s. a. g. 



Plans of Towns in Massachusetts, 1794. — On June 26, 1794, a Resolve was 
passed by the General Court of Massachusetts, " requiring the inhabitants of the 
several towns and districts in the Commonwealth, to cause to be taken by their Se- 
lectmen, or some other suitable persons, accurate plans of their respective towns, 
and to lodge the same in the Secretary's Office." It may be of interest for the local 
historians to know that this Resolve was carried out, and that the various manu- 
script plans are still preserved at the State House and open for inspection. 

S. A. G. 
VOL. XL. 10 



106 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Broughton and Hanltry. — In the Heralds' Visitation of Staffordshire, 16fi4, as 
lately printed for the William Salt Archaeological Society, we tind two settlers in 
New England identified as belonging to the gentry of England. Thomas Brough- 
ton, a son of Edward Broughton, of Longdon, is mentioned as " now residing in New 
England," the statement being made by his elder brother Edward. William Han- 
bury, a son of John Hanbury of* Wolverhampton, is said to have " died in New 
England," the statement being made by his nephew Francis. From Savage's Dic- 
tionary we learn that Thomas Broughton was ot Watertown and Boston, and Wil- 
liam Hanbury was of Duxbury, Plymouth and Boston, dying in 1650, and " at P. 
he had the prefix of respect." William S. Apfleton. 



Relation concerning New England. — The number of the total population of the 
New England colonies given in this document, page 72, line 15, should have been 
printed 3000[0]. Sloane MS. No. 3143 says 3000, which is evidently an error. This 
is corrected to 30000 in MSS. Nos. 2505 and 3105. 



Queries. 

Brush. — Among the Warrants granted by General Howe for the extraordinary 
Expenses of his Majesty's Forces in North America, between the 1st of October, 
1775, and the 31st of December, 1775, was the following : 

Dec. 31, Drawn upon John Gamier, Esq. Deputy-paymaster, Boston, in fa- 
vour of Mr. Crean Brush, £46. 0. 0. Being his pay for taking and receiving into 
his care all such Goods, Chattels, and Effects as may be delivered into his charge by 
the owners leaving the Town of Boston, from the 1st October to the 31st December, 
1775, being 92 days, at 10s. per diem." 

Can any reader of the Register kindly inform me anything of the movements of 
Mr. Brush, from the adjournment of the General Assembly of New York, in which 
he had been one of the leading members in the spirited opposition of that legislative 
body to the measures of the Home Government, in April, 1775, until the following 
October, when he was in Boston, employed as above stated? Delta. 

At home, Nov. 23, 1685. 



Fire tn Boston, 1775. — Among the extraordinary expenses of the Royal Army, 
paid by the Paymaster-general of his Majesty's forces, between the ninth of March, 
1775, and the thirty-first of January, 1776, were the following : 

"1776. 
Jan. 8. To Major Gen. Carleton, to replace sundry accoutrements and 
cloathing belonging to the 47th Reg. of Foot, consumed by fire at 
Boston, in North America, on 17th May, 1775 . . . £316. 19. 5. 

To Messrs. Adair and Bullock, to reimburse the losses sustained by the 
non-commission Officers and Private men of ditto Regiment, whose 
necessaries were consumed by fire at ditto on the 17th of May, 1775, 140. 0. 0. 
To Lieut. Gen. Urmston, to replace accoutrements, &c. of the 65th Reg. 
of Foot, consumed by fire at Boston, in North America, on 17th May, 

1775, 477.4.3." 

Please state particulars of that fire and the circumstances attending the losses sus- 
tained by the two regiments above named. Delta. 
At home, N&v. 23, 1885. 



William Cunningham.— Among the Warrants drawn on John Gamier, Esq., 
Deputy-paymaster, at Boston, by General Howe, for the extraordinary expenses of 
his Majesty's Forces in North America, between the first of October, 1775. and the 
31st of December, 1775, was one to Mr. William Cunningham for £50. 0. 0., 
M being his pay for doing the duty of Provost-martial, from the fifteenth ot June 
to the thirty-first of December, 1775, being two hundred days, at five shillings per 
diem." 

This was probably the same William Cunningham who, subsequently, in the 
same office of Provost-martial, became so conspicuously notorious in New "York for 



18S6.] 



JVotes and Queries. 



10' 



his barbarous treatment of the prisoners who were committed to the Provost-prison, 
now the Hall of Records, in that city. Can any of the readers of the Register 
give any particulars of the life of that inhuman jailor, before he went to Boston, or 
while he was in that town ? Delta. 

At home, Aou. 23, 1635. 



Meade — Latham. — In his autobiography and history of the Meade family 
(" Chaumiere Papers™ edited by Henry J. Peet. Esq.) Colonel David Meade 
says : " Andrew Meade, my paternal grandfather " — the immigrant ancestor of the 
family — " was an Irish Roman Catholic, born in the county of Kerry. Tradition 
says he left his native country and went first to London, and from thence came to 
New York about the latter end of the l?th century, lie resided some years in New 
York, and there married Mary Latham, of Quaker parentage, and some time after 
he removed to Virginia ami settled permanently at the head of navigation on " the 
Mansemond River." Bishop Meade adopted this statement (The Old Churches, 
Ministers and Families of Virginia, vol. i. pp. 291-2), and adds that Mary Latham 
was of Flashing. 

Query ; What was the date of this marriage, and what were the names of Mary 
(Latham) Meade's parents? 

II. In the ahstract of the will of George Fox, and of proceedings had under that 
will (Reg. Oct. 1885, pp. 327-9), mention is made of Sarah Meade, a step-daughter 
of Fox, and of her husband William Meade, as of London in 16SS, and, later, as of 
London, 30 December, 1697, when 4i Sarah Meade, wife of William Meade of the 
parish of S t Dyonis Back church, London, citizen and merchant Taylor of London, 
did declare that she is of the number of dissenters commonly called Quakers." 

Query: What, if any, family relation existed between this William Meade, of 
London, and Andrew Meade, named above? 

III. It is of record that at least as early as 1713 the aforesaid Andrew Meade 
was a vestryman of Nansemond Parish. He also held various public offices for 
the exercise of which subscription to the test-oaths was a preliminary requisite. 

Query : (1) When and where did he take the oaths ? 

(2.) Is there any evidence that while he was in London, or in New York where he 
married a woman of " Quaker parentage," or after his removal to the " head quar- 
ters " of the Friends in Virginia, he became a recognized member of that religious 
Society? . * Albert II. Uoyt. 

Boston. 



IIillyer. — Nathaniel Ilil^er was born at Sirasbury, Conn., in 1715, and died in 
1784. Can any one give the information whom and when he married, and when 
his wife died ? 

Their son Nathaniel married a daughter of David Wilcox, of Granby. What 
was her given name, when was she born, married and died ? 

Hartford, Ct. George E. Hoadlet. 



Bradstreet, Rogers. Niciioll, Townsen'd. — I desire record evidence of the birth 
or baptism of any children born to John Bradstreet between 1720 and 1730. lie is 
described, Oct. 27, 1730. as " John Bradstreet of Topsfield, late of Windham, yeo- 
man." Also any information of Lydia Rogers, who was married in Boston, 27 
April, 1777, to John Nicull. Also any information relating to James Nicoll or Eu- 
nice Townsend, who were married in Boston 24 April, 1735. 

Woodford's, Me. George C. Codmax. 



Meade {ante, vol. xxxix. pp. 327, 8, 9, Genealogical Gleanings of II. F. Waters). 
— In the will of George Fox, the names of William. Sarah and Nathaniel Meade, 
residents of London, and Quakers in religious belief, appear. 

It is stated by Rev. Philip Slaughter, D.D., in his admirable Memoir of Bishop 
Wiiiam Meade of Virginia, " Memorial Biographies of the N. E. Hist, and Gen. .Soc. : ' 
vol. iv, p. 451, that Andrew Meade, the ancestor of the Virginia family of the 
name, was a Roman Catholic who " came to New York late in the seventeenth cen- 
tury, and married Mary Latham, a Quaker, of Flushing;" Inasmuch as Andrew 
Meade married a Quaker and settled in a community of that belief, and in consid- 
eration of the fact that " papists " were the abhorrence of the Virginia colonists, 



108 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

and were bitterly persecuted, as evidenced by legal statutes, whilst Quakers were 
tolerated and allowed under certain provisions to hold their meetings, there is some 
reason to presume that the religious belief of Andrew Meade may have been mis- 
apprehended. It may bo profitable for Mr. Waters to endeavor to ascertain it the 
name of Andrew appears among the names of the children of William and Nathan- 
iel Meade, as cited. 

The following grants of land of record in the Virginia Registry may be of inter- 
est in connection with the investigation : 

Thomas Meads [probably an error in transcription for Meade] and John Phillips, 
1000 acres, " scituate or being on the south side of the tires lies of Rappahannock 
river, about sixteen miles above Nanizimun Towne," Sept. 17, 1654, Book No. 3, 
p. 376 ; Andrew Mead, 136 acres " in the upper parish of Nansimun countv, Feb. 
22, 1727, Book No. 13, p. 203. R. A. Brock. 

Richmond, Va. 



Stark. — Who were the ancestors of John Stark, born March 16, 1761, died March 
29, 1839; married (about 1765) Olive Lothrop, born July 13, 1764, died July 7, 
1825? C. W. Bryant. 

Granville, Licking Co., Ohio. 



Ret. John Ha slam. — In the year 1821 the Rev. John Haslam, of Charleston. S. C, 
received an honorary degree of A.J M. from Harvard College. Many years later he 
removed to the West, and then was lost sight of. Can any one tell me whether he 
is still living; and if not, when and where he died? The information is wanted for 
the Quinquennial Catalogue. s. a. g. 



Townsend — Larmon'. — Ebenezer Townsend, born in Boston, 1716, married Sept. 
19, 1738, Elizabeth Larmon, who was born Sept. 6, 1718. They removed to New 
Haven about 1740, where they continued to reside. Can any information be given 
concerning her parentage? Frank F. Starr. 

Middletoivn, Ct. 



Robinson. — Information is wanted of the previous history of George Robinson, 
an early settler of Rehoboth, Mass. He married Joanna Ingram, April 13, 1651. 
At what date did he settle at Rehoboth? Charles £. Robinson. 

New York City. 

Woodyear. — Information wanted of an American family named Woodyear, 
which settled, I think, in Philadelphia. They came from Rochester and Chatham, 
Kent, England. One of them was a customs officer in a West India island — St. 
Kitt8 or Barbadoes. The first ancestor of this family founded the present line of 
Crookhill, Yorkshire, but the family in x\merica came from a younger son. Any 
information about them, or where to obtain this information, will be acceptable, 
as I am trying to trace this family back to their junction with the main stem, and 
hope to do so ere long. Lambton Young. 

16 Harcourl Terrace, Radcliffe Sq., London, S. W., Eng. 



Hon. Joshua Granger Wright. — He lived in Wilmington, N. C. from about 
1750 to 1810, and was fur several years a representative of that borough : was also 
at his death president of the Bank of Cape Fear. He married about 1780 Susan 
Bradley, and had seven children, all of whom are dead ; but grandchildren are still 
living. Wanted his parentage, birth-place, date of birth and early history. 

W. M. Green. 



m Walkingahe and Walkiniiam. — An early issue of the English " Notes and Que- 
ries" (1st Series, x. p. 66. and xi. p. 327) asks for information in a law case in 
which the name Waikingham is borne by the defendant, and suggests that it is pro- 
bably in an American trial. Can any one throw any light upon tin's? 

;.Xhe same publication has several unanswered questions as to the history of Fran- 
cls Walkingame, " the Tutor's Assistant," and others bearing a similar name. It 



1886.] 



Notes and Queries. 



109 



is remarkable that this family, though once a knightly one in Yorkshire (cir. 1300), 
and apparently represented as late as 1737 by a Miss VTalkingame of Newington, 
who was married to the Rev. Ethan Evans, Vicar of New Ormsby, Lincolnshire 
(alias, Rev. Edward E. of Spilsbury. 1786), appears to be extinct in England. Are 
there any of the name in America? A. Sidney Gardner. 

Neath, South Wales. 

Sankey. — Is anything known of the history of this family in the United States? 
Besides that branch represented by the well kuown * k Gospel Singer, " Mr. Ira 
David Sankey, the name occurs in Philadelphia and elsewhere, I believe It is 
originally an ancient house, of that ilk, in Lancashire, circa 1200 A.D. 

In Hutton's M Lists of Emigrants " [and in the Register] occurs the following: 
44 Passengers which passed from the Port of London 14 Apr: 1635 in the ' Increase ' 

of London, M r Robert Lea bounde for New England Robert Sankey aged 30 & 

others [ante, xiv. 309] . Theis have taken the oaths of allegiance and supremacyc, 
& have brought certificat of their conformaty." And on 13 Oct.: on board the 
"Amitie," George Downes, master, bound toS* Christopher, Ilamblett Sankey, atred 
22, is mentioned. [See also Drake's Founders of New England.] This Hanilet S. 
is apparently the son of a Dublin clergyman, and identical with one of the same 
name who compiled a "Brooke Pedigree of severall places." He signs himself 
" Hamlet Sanckye." He fled to Portugal ; and afterwards, apparently" emigrated 
on board the " Amity," landing somewhere in the States (as we would now call it). 

About 1797, an Edward Sankey, son of John S. of East Langdon, Kent, by his 
second wife Jane Rattray, is supposed to have emigrated to America. He was heir 
through his mother, to a considerable fortune : but as nothing could be heard of 
him or his descendants, what remained of it went to distant relatives in England, I 
believe. 

Thus we have a Robert, Hamlet and Edward Sankey — all descended from a com- 
mon ancestor — who at different times left England for the States. Can any one 
help me in discovering more concerning the Sankeys in America ? 

Neath, South Wales. A. Sidney Gardner. 



Thursby. — A gentleman in England wishes information concerning American 
families by the names of Thursby or Thoresby. Address letters to the care of the 
Editor of the Register. 



Replies. 
Hulen, Union, Savery (ante, xxxvii. 309-10).— " Heullin, chez nous, patro- 
nymique etient, est le nom de l'arraignee de mer. 

" Richard Heullin, a cause de sa femme, fille de James le Roy, en son courtil de la 
bailie des hoirs Pierre Bouillon, et en son camp de dedans le courtil James Allez, et 
buttant sur les Landes du Marche." (Fieu de Rossel, 1611, p. 6.) " Dans le bail- 
liage de Caux, Pan 1470. ' Jehan Hullin se presenta en robe, et il lui fut coin- 
mande de se mettre en habit suffisant.' " 

" Les viers Hae&Iins 
N'jouent pas d'leur grins, 
Et Jacquot Guille, 
JE'prins d' la file 
D'Gersy (Colas), 
Eu aeut sou las, 
Et a Saint-George, 
I s' mit d' belorge, 
Ou est qui' est Liton ? 
D' Col. Colleton, 
Non n'en sait guere ; 
Un daeux, n'aguere, 
Le gros bounnuet, 
Fut barounnet." 
Extract from " Nomenclature Patronymique de Guernesey," par Geo. Metivier. 
The following address may be of service to Mr. Hulinsr : " Huelin & Le F.,-uvre, 
proprietors l Nouvelle Chronique de Jersey,' office 11 Royal Sq., Jersey, Eng." 
Newton, Mass. Samuel P. May. 

VOL. XL. 11 



110 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

CrwABELL {ante, xxxix. 373). — If he has not already done SO, Mr. Ncwcomb 
Bhoulil seek information from Bernardaton, Mas*., the original " Fallstown," 
granted to the heirs of the Falls Fight soldiers. One of those grantees was Samuel 
Connable. B. was my native place, and I well remember in my boyhood a de- 
scendant of S. C. (and bearing the same name) telling me an o!d tradition of 
his ancestor, as a man of energy and expedients, viz., that he brought in the maple 
sap, one cold spring morning, in the form of ice, and, in order to melt it, heaped it 
up in his kettle and confined it there by an old tub without a bottom, set into the 
kettle. This incident was written home to England, and it was published in the 
London newspapers that a man in Massachusetts " gathered sap in a basket, and 
boiled it in a tub "! c. c. c. 

Andover, Mass. 

Greenwood (vol. xxxix. p. 386). — Samuel Greenwood died Dec. 10, 1711, aged 
34, a few years after his deposition. His widow Phillipe (White) Carter married a 
third husband. James French. Samuel Phillips, the goldsmith of Salem, alluded 
to in the deposition, had a second wife in April, 1704, widow Sarah Mayfield, who 
must be the person referred to. Isaac J. Greenwood. 

216 W. Wh St., New York. 



Sfrague, Warren, Cordin.— In the Register, vol. iv. p. 289, is a letter from John 
Corbin, dated "[Vpjway 25th March, 1G51." in which the writer addresses Ralph 
Sprague (of Charlestown, N. E., without doubt) as his " Sonne," and signs him- 
self as Sprague's " Father-in-law." Now in Lechford's Note Book are several legal 
papers and letters, 1G3S-9, from Ralph Sprague and his wife, wherein it is expressly 
stated that her father had died, and that his name was Richard Warren; so that 
John Corbin had probably married the widow Warren. 

John Coffin Jones Brown. 



Newgate. — Lechford's Note-Book, as published by the American Antiquarian 
Society, requires us to make many corrections to the Genealogical Dictionary of 
New England, some of which are not mentioned by the Editor. Savage says that 
Theodore Atkinson " came, in the employment of John Newgate, from Bury in co. 
Lancaster," but Newgate's will, as drawn by Lechford. mentions his " Lands and 
Tenements lying in Hurningerth in the County of Suffolk." This shows that John 
Newgate really came from Bury St. Edmunds in Suffolk, from which Horningerth 
or Horningsbeath is only two miles distant. W. S. Appleton. 



Historical Intelligence. 

The Huguenot Emigration to Virginia. — The Virginia Historical Society an- 
nounces that it will issue early in 1886. as its annual publication, " Documents 
Relating to the Huguenot Emigration to Virginia," to form Volume V. of its new 
series of collections (edited by R. A. Brock, Esq ), and to be uniform with the pre- 
ceding volumes of the " Spotswood Letters " and the "Dinwiddie Papers. " The 
documents to compose the prospective volume are of the highest importance and in- 
terest, a majority of them never having been printed in any form. It is desired that 
they shall be amply elucidated by introduction and definite foot notes to the text, 
historical and biographical, and, if feasible, by genealogical addenda. Among the 
more familiar names appearing in the documents may be mentioned the following : 
Amis, Apperson, Ayer, Allegre, Ammonet, Bernard, Bondurant, Brian, Cury, Chas- 
tain, Deneille, Duval. Dupre, Dupuy (or DuPuy). Esly, Edmon, Elson, Fontaine, 
Flournoy, Faure, Gcdse, Gore, Giilam, Guerrant, Hampton (or ilamton), Jourdan, 
Kempe, Leroy, LeFebre, Leverre, Lesueur, LeGrand, Landon, Loucadou,;Lacy, Mal- 
let, Michel, Morriset, Maupain, Marye, Morrel, Martain, Orringe, Pasteur, Pero, 
Peronet, Parrat, Pankey, Popham, Rich, Roberd, Reno, Sumtur, Soullie, Salle, 
Soblet, Trabu, Taller. Trent. 

The contribution of data, however meagre, towards some notice of these names, 
or of any others of like origin and connection, or of any document (or copy) relating 
to the Huguenot settlement in Virginia, is earnestly solicited from those interested. 
Address the editor, Richmond, Va. 

The publications of the Society have been in limited editions for distribution 



1886.] 



Notes and Queries. 



Ill 



among its members and kindred institutions. The annual subscription to the So- 
ciety is £5 — no entrance fee ; life-membership, ^50. 



Col. Chester's Oxford Matriculations and Marriage Licences, Edited by- 
Joseph Foster. — Mr. Foster, the well-known genealogist, author of the British Peer- 
age and Baronetage, and other works, has recently purchased, at a cost exceeding 
£1000, the late Col. Chester's Oxford Matriculati ms Registers, 7 Vols., and Marriage 
Licences. 5 Vols., with the intention of printing these intrinsically priceless MSS. uni- 
formly with the publications of the Harleian Society, for the advantage of his numer- 
ous genealogical friends in America, as a memorial of the great and good work he did 
for them in England. He makes this preference because, so far as England is con- 
cerned, he would like to retain for himself the monopoly of these manu-cripts. and 
because he believes the American people will appreciate the labors of their own 
countryman far more fully than Englishmen would, as the proposed work will ena- 
ble them to place printed copies of these distant and inaccessible Old England reg- 
isters on the shelves of their very own libraries ready for immediate reference. 
He therefore appeals to Americans to reciprocate his efforts/and hold him harmless 
from pecuniary loss, by subscribing for 250 copies of these works, which he desires 
to print only for them. • 

It is obvious that a work on such a scale as this can only be produced at a great 
cost. Including the very heavy sum paid for Col. Chester's manuscripts, and tiie 
vast amount of trained labor involved in transcribing them for publication (the an- 
notation the editor proposes to do himself as a labor of love), the, actual expense of 
bringing out the work is estimated as between two and three thousand pounds. 
It cannot be expected that so great an expense should be incurred till sufficient 
promises of support have been received to warrant the editor in putting it in 
hand without prospect of heavy loss. The Oxford Matriculations will be is-aed 
in two volumes at a subscription price of two guineas. As an inducement for Col. 
Chester's friends and American genealogists to cooperate with the editor, the w jrk 
will be offered at nine guineas to those who subscribe for two copies, and at eight 
guineas to those who subscribe for three. 

The Marriage Licences will be issued in five large royal octavo volumes, at £2. 
12s. 6d. a volume. 

This enterprise is heartily commended by the editor of the Register to the pat- 
ronage of the American people. 

Mr. Foster's address is 21 Boundary Road, London, N. W. f England. 



Church Bells of Suffolk, England. — The Rev. John James Raven, D.D., who 
has recently been appointed to the Vi -arage of Fressingfield, near Harlestun. Eng- 
land, having now more leisure than his previous dunes permitted, has resumeo his 
labors upon the " Church Bells of Suffolk," which have long engaged his attention. 
The inscriptions, commemorative of donors and others, existing on the bells, doubt- 
less preserve many old Suffolk names, and Dr. Raven's recognized qualifications for 
the task he has undertaken lead to the belief that his work will be a valuable con- 
tribution to the history of an English county which is of much interest to us on this 
side of the Atlantic. 



The Bicknells: The 250th Anniversary of their Settlement in America. — In 
the year 1635 a company of emigrants from the counties of Somerset and Dorset, 
England, under the pastoral care of Rev. Joseph Hull, sailed from Weymouth and 
arrived in New England. The company consisted of twenty-one families, and on 
application to the court sitting at New Town, July 8, they " were allowed to sit 
down at Wessaguscus." now Weymouth. Of this company were Ziehary Bieknell, 
age 45, Agnes Bieknell, a^e 27, John Bieknell, 11. and their servant John Kitchen. 
Zachary died in 1036, and Agnes his wife married Richard Rockett, of Braintree. 

John, the son, married Mary as his first wife, and Mary Dyer for his f-econd 

wife. The issue of the two marriages was eleven children, whose descendants now 
dwell in large numbers in the old home town, and others are scattered over the 
continent. In 1878 a family association was formed, with Hon. Thomas W. Biek- 
nell, LL.D., of Boston, president, Alfred Bickn-i!, F-q., Melrose, secretary, and 
Robert T. Bieknell. Esq.. Weymouth, treasurer. This association has. through its 
historian Quiney Bieknell, Esq., of Hingham, collected a large amount of genea- 
logical matter, which will be printed in due season. The two hundred and fiftieth 



112 Notes and Queries. [J; 



in. 



anniversary was celebrated with interesting proceedings in Boston, October 6 and 
7, and at 'Weymouth Octobers. The address of welcome was given by Edward 
Bicknell, Esq., of Bostou. A paper on the Bickuell name was read by Ellery Biek- 
nell Crane, of Worcester, in which fie traced the root to I)e Bee or Becce, of Nor- 
mandy ; the word Bicknell being a compound of Bee. a brook and knoll, a hill ; or 
a brook by the hill. The principal address was given by Hon: Thomas Williams 
Bicknell, president of the association. Poems were read fruin Alfred Bicknell, 
Esq., and Mrs. L. M. Hopkins. Rev. George W. Bicknell. of Lowell, gave an ad- 
dress on the Bicknells in the military service. A family dinner followed, with ad- 
dresses and letters from lion. Marshall P. Wilder, LL.D., Hon. John D. Long. Go*. 
George D. .Robinson, and members of the family. The occasion was one of 
great profit. The addresses will be printed by the family, aud arrangements will 
be made to publish a family history at an early day. The artistic programme was 
the work oi Frank A. Bicknell, of Maiden. 



Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration oe Independence. — I am pre- 
paring a work to be entitled : "The Signers of the Declaration of Independence 
and their Descendants." It will be of a biographical and genealogical character, 
the fundamental feature, however, being a genealogy of all the descendants of the 
fifty-six " Signers " down to the present day. The value of such a work, from a 
historical point of view, must be instantly conceded. 

The magnitude of the labor required in the preparation of such a volume will be 
recognized after a moment's reflection. So stupendous is the task that I would not 
presume to undertake it were it not that I confidently look for the cooperation of 
those descendants of the " Signers " who have it in their power to supply neces- 
sary data. 

I therefore make this appeal, to wit : that I be furnished, at an early day, with 
the names and P. O. addresses of all those descendants of "Signers '* to whose 
notice this statement shall come. All others intere-ted in genealogical matters are 
earnestly requested to favor me with any relevant data or information in their pos- 
eession. 

No. 2*211 Spruce St., Frank Willing Leach, 

Philadelphia, Pa. Mem. Phila. Bar, Mem. Hist. Soc. of Pa.. Mem. 

Numis. and Ant. Soc. of Philadelphia, etc. 



Unpublished Manuscripts in Europe relating to America. 1/ /2-84.— Mr. B. F. 
Stevens, of London, England, has been engaged for about twenty years in collecting 
unpublished manuscripts relating to the Revolutionary War, from the public and 

{)rivate archives of England, France, Holland and Spain ; and has issued a circular 
etter concerning this great work, and a proof specimen of the proposed form of 
publication. He has M made entries of 80,000 documents within the scope of this 
work, the great majority of which have never been published. This collection of 
manuscripts is of priceless value, and the history of the Revolution can never be 
properly written till the papers are accessible to students. 

Mr. Stevens desires that the United States government should aid him in his great 
undertaking. We trust that an appropriation will be made suiScient to place print- 
ed copies of these documents in the libraries of this country and in the hands of our 
historians. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would sug2est that all facts of 
interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, especially service 
under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from college 
or professional schools, occupation, with places and dates ot births, marriages, resi- 
dence and death. "When there are more than one christian name they should all 
be given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 
known. 

Ballard. By C. F. Farlow, of Newton, Mass. — Mr. Farlow has much material 
concerning the descendants of "William and Grace Ballard, of Andover, and solicits 
information from parties interested. 



1886.] 



Societies and their Proceedings. 



113 



Eliot. By Rev. John £. Elliott, of Bridgewater, Ct— Mr. Elliott is collecting 
facts in regard to those who have the surname of Eliot, Elyot, Elyott, Elliot or 
Elliott. He will furnish circulars to applicants.; Any facts concerning persons of 
this name in any of its various spelling-, will he thankfully received. 

Foster. By Paymaster Joseph Foster, U.S.N., Naval Asylum. Philadelphia, Pa. 
— The book which will soon he put to press will he entitled " The Grandchildren of 
Col. Joseph Foster ; his Lite and Ancestors " — it being the second edition, revised 
and much enlarged, of •* The Grandehildren of Col. Joseph Foster, of Ipswich and 
Gloucester, Mass., 1730-1804," noticed in the October Register. It will be for 
the interest of every descendant to have his or her name inserted. 

Harris. By C. F. Furlow, of Newton, Mass. — A histury of the descendants of 
John and Amy (Hills) Harris, of Charles town, is in preparation. Persons inter- 
ested are requested to furnish records of this family. 

Jessup. By Rev. Henry G. Jesup, of Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H. — This 
work will include a history of Edward Jessup of West Farms. Westchester Coun- 
ty, N. Y., and a genealogical record of his descendants of all names. Information 
is solicited as to other families of the same name, of which there are several in this 
country and Canada, especially as to what is known of their English ancestry. 

Kimball. By Leonard A. Morrison, A.M., of Windhain, N. 11., author of " His- 
tory of the Morrison Family." — Mr. Morrison is preparing a History and Genealogy 
of the Kimball Family — descendants of Richard, 1 of Ipswich, Mass., and requests 
all possible information, from any source, in regard to the geneaiogy and history of 
the family. 

Robinson. By Charles E. Robinson. Boulevard and 117th Street, New York 
City. — This book, now preparing for publication, will be devoted to the descendants 
of George Robinson, an early settler of Rehoboth, Mass. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, September 2, 18S5. — The first meeting after 
the summer recess was held at 3 o'clock this afternoon at the Society's House, 13 
Somerset Street, the president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Pn.D., LL.D., in the 
chair. 

Hon. Thomas Weston, of Newton, read a paper on " Peter Oliver, the last Pro- 
vincial Chief Justice of Massachusetts." Thanks were voted to Mr. Weston for 
the paper. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported 137 volumes and 610 pamphlets as do- 
nations for the quarter ending Sept. 1. 

Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., reported memorial sketches of nine deceased 
members, namely: E\'- President Ulysses S. Grant, William Parsons, Manning 
Leonard, Hon. Charles R. Train, Ebenezer B. Towne, George K. Snow, Rev. Sam- 
uel I. Prime, D.D., Franklin B. Hough, M D., and Hon. Thomas W. Bartley. 

The following nominating committee for the ensuing year was chosen, namely : 
Jeremiah Colburn, Rev. Dr. Increase N. Tarbox, Hon. Charles L. Flint, Henry E. 
Waite and George K. Clarke. 

Oct. 7. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the 
chair. 

Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, announced and exhibited 
some of the more important donations. 

Hon. Charles Crovviey, of Lnvell, read a paper on William Tyndall, the reformer 
and martyr, and the translator of the Bible into English. Thanks were voted for 
the paper. 

The deaths of the Hon. Thomas Talbot and Henry Edwards were announced, and 
committees were appointed to prepare resolutions. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting the membership to which 
they had been elected, from Sir Theodore Martin, of London, as a corresponding, 
and Harrie C. Brownell, of Newtonville, as a resident member. 

The librarian reported as donations in September, 14 volumes and 56 pamphlets. 
VOL. XL. 11* 



114 Societies and their Proceedings, [Jan. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of two deceased members — Henry 
Edwards and Hon. Edward A. Rollins. 

John Ward Dean, Rev. Lucius R. Paine, D.D., Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, Jere- 
miah Colburn, William B. Trask, Henry H. Edes, Henry E. Waite and Francis E. 
Blake were chosen the publishing committee. 

Nov. 4. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the 
chair. 

Rev. Henry A. Hazen reported resolutions on the death of Ex-Gov. Talbot, and 
Rev. Edmund F. Slafter on Henry Edwards, which resolutions were unanimously 
adopted. 

The corresponding secretary announced donations. 

Prof. E. N. Horsford, of Cambridge, read a paperon "The Indian Names of 
Boston," which paper is printed in this number of the Register, pp. 93-103. 
Thanks were voted to Prof. Horsford. 

The recording secretary, D. G. Haskins, Jr., read a paper prepared by Miss Fran- 
ces B. James, now in England, as a supplement to her paper last June. It is en- 
titled, " Concerning John Harvard's signature at Cambridge, England." It was 
printed entire in the Boston Evening" Transcript, Nov. 11, 1885. Thanks were 
voted for the paper. 

The librarian reported as donations in October, 33 volumes and 744 pamphlets. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting the membership to which 
they had been elected, from Capt. Asa Bird Gardner, LL.D., U.S.A., of New York, 
Gen. Charles W. Darling of Utica, and Francis Grigson of London, as correspond- 
ing ; and Elihu Chauncey of New York and Daniel W. Baker of Boston, as resi- 
dent members. 

December 2. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon. In the absence of Presi- 
dent Wilder, the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter was chosen president pro tem. 

Important donations were announced by the corresponding secretary. 

Gen. James Grant Wilson, of New Y"ork, read a paper on Commodore Isaac Hull. 
Remarks were made by several members, and thanks were voted to Gen. Wilson. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting resident membership to 
which they had been elected, from Rev. Carlton A. Staples, of Lexington, and Ben- 
jamin C. Clarke and Major Edward B. Blasland, of Boston. 

The librarian reported 18 volumes and 63 pamphlets as the donations for the 
month. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of ten deceased members — Hon. 
Edward A. Rollins, Henry Edwards, Townsend Ward, William R. Lawrence, M.D., 
Hon. Edward Lawrence, Samuel T. Champney, John A. Lewis, Samuel T. Bent, 
Charles O. Whitmore and William W. Tucker. 

On motion of Rev. William C. Window, a vote of congratulation was passed to Dr. 
Conrad Leemans of the Leyden University, the head of it3 Museum of Antiquities, 
on the intended celebration, the next day (Dec. 3), of the fiftieth anniversary of his 
connection with the university. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 1885. — A quarterly meeting was held this evening 
at the society's Cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, Prof. William Gam- 
mell, LL.D., in the chair. 

Hon. Amos Perry, the secretary, read the correspondence since the last meeting. 
Letters were received from Albert Jay Jones of Rome, Italy, and Samuel Briggs of 
Cleveland, Ohio, accepting corresponding membership to which they had been elect- 
ed, and from the Northern Society of Antiquaries, Copenhagen, relative to the death 
of its distinguished vice-president Worsaae. 

Mr. Perry, as librarian, reported that 89 volumes and 392 pamphlets had been re- 
ceived as donations. 

Mr. Perry then read a paper entitled, A Sketch of some of the Incidents in the 
Dorr War. 

B. B. Hammond, chairman of the committee appointed to devise plans fur the 
celebration of the 250th anniversary of the founding of Providence, reported that it 
is expected that the City of Providence will celebrate this event during the month 
of June, and that the Burnside statue will be dedicated about the 20th of the pre- 
vious month. These celebrations will be near each other, but not in conflict. The 
report recommended that a committee be appointed to confer with the committee of 



1886.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 



115 



the City Council upon a plan for the celebration, and cooperate with it in regard 
thereto. The report waa accepted, and the same committee was authorized to act in 
this matter for the society. 

Resolutions were unanimously adopted approving of John Osborne Austin's Gen- 
ealogical Dictionary of Rhode island, now id preparation. 

Nov. 3. — A stated meeting was held this evening. William Gammell, LL.D., 
president of the society, delivered a scholarly address on " The Huguenots and the 
Edict of Nantes." After remarks by Rev. J. G. Vose and Dr. G. W. Parsons, 
thanks were unanimously voted to Prof. Gammell. The paper is printed in lull in 
the Providence Evening Bulletin, Nov. 4, 18S5. 

Chicago Historical Society. 

Chicago, 111., Oct. 20, 1S85. — A quarterly meeting of this society was held in its 
hall, 140-42 Dearborn Avenue. 

Hon. E. B. \Vashburne. the president, occupied the chair. The librarian, Albert 
D. Hager, made his quarterly report, by which it was shown that 302 bound vol- 
umes and 1058 pamphlets had been added during the quarter. These, added to the 
former accessions, make a total of 11.571 bound books, and 35,121 parnphleN. Of 
these 1108 had been purchased with the income of the " Lucretia Pond Fund.'' 

The librarian made special mention of the generous contributions by the librari- 
ans from the duplicates of the Wisconsin, Minnesota and Massachusetts Historical 
Societies, the Boston Public Library, .Massachusetts State Library and several east- 
ern colleges that had obluin^ly furnished series ot' the catalogues, addresses. &c. 
He reported that 062 volumes had been bound during the past summer, and a large 
portion of them were composed of pamphlets and the publications of sister societies, 
scientific and literary associations and newspaper files. 

Mr. Henry H. Hurlbut was then introduced, and read an interesting paper on 
Samuel de Champlain, and at the conclusion he presented to the society an oii por- 
trait of the great explorer which had been painted by his daughter, Miss Harriet P. 
Hurlbut. The society's thanks were tendered, and a request made that a copy of 
the paper be furnished for publication. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Oct. 17, 1SS5. — A meeting of the executive committee was held this 
evening at the society's rooms in the Westmoreland Club House. 

Valuable donations were announced. 

Mr. Brock stated that the recent circular of the society announcing the prepara- 
tion of " Documents relating to the Huguenot Emigration to Virginia " had eli- 
cited a number of gratifying responses. 



NECROLOGY OF THE XEW-EXGLAND HISTORIC 
GEXEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Lvcrease N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, he is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Four volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the members who have died from the organization of the society to the 
year 1862. A fifth volume is in preparation. 



110 JVecrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

George Mountfort, Esq., of Boston, a resident member, died in this eity, Wed- 
nesday morning, May 28, 1884, aged 80. He was a son of Joseph Mountfort, 
and was bjrn in Prince Street, L>>-t>n, March 16, 170S. He was the fifth £cnera- 
tion in descent from Edmund 1 Mountfort, who came to New England in I65fi and 
settled at Boston ; through John, 2 born Feb. 8, 1070 ; Joseph. 3 born April 13, 1713, 
and Joseph, 4 born Feb. 3. 1750. The last named, who was Mr. Mountfort's father, 
was one of the famous *• tea party " of December IG, 1773 ; was a zealous patriot 
throughout the Revolution, and served under command of the gallant Commodore 
Manly in several severe sea engagements. It is said that he was thrice taken pri- 
soner" and on one occasion, with sixteen others, broke from prison and in an open 
boat crossed the English Channel to France, whence he returned to Boston in the 
Deane frigate. 

The early education of George Mountfort was at the school of Madame Dobel, a 
foreign lady, in Hanover Street, Boston. Afterwards he attended the Eliot School 
in Bennett Street, and Nathaniel Bridge's Academy in Salem Street. At ail these 
schools he received tokens of commendation for good behavior and scholarship. On 
leaving school he served two years as a clerk in the counting-room of John Han- 
cock, nephew of Governor Hancock, on Hancock's Wharf, Boston; and finished 
his mercantile education in the British commercial house of John H. Keid & Co., 
of Savannah, Georgia. He was afterwards corresponding clerk for Naylor, Hutch- 
inson, Vicker & Co.. New York, and next chief book-keeper for the commission and 
shipping house of De Peyster & Whitmarsh in that city. After leaving this firm 
he engaged in the commission business on his own account in New York, at No. 
110 Front Street. About the year 1844 he returned to Boston. Here be carried 
on business first at 16 Commercial Street, and afterwards at 134 State Street. Dur- 
ing his residence here, we are informed that he procured the charter and aided in 
establishing the Gas-Light Company of Lowell, and also aided in founding the Gas- 
Light Company of St. John, N. B. He afterwards was the agent of the Massic 
Falls Cotton and Batting Company of Lowell. 

On the 16th of May, 1850, he was appointed, by President Taylor, United States 
Consul for the Island of Candia, which position he held till August, 1859. In re- 
turning to the United States he passed through a portion of Greece, visited the 
Ionian Islands, Trieste, Venice, Milan and Turin, crossed Mt. Cenis into Switzer- 
land, and visited Paris and London and the principal manufacturing cities of 
England. 

He was a frequent writer for the newspapers and magazines. Contributions by 
him appeared in the Boston Gazette when published by Beats & Homer; in the 
Boston Post, the Daily Bee, and the Evening Transcript. Before he left Boston 
for the consulate in Candia he contributed articles to several newspapers in sup- 
port of the Native American party. His communications to The Signal and The 
Eagle were under the signatures of 4 " Justitia," "North End" and *' Seventy- 
Six." In 1842 he wrote for '* Hunt's Merchants' Magazine,"' a life of John Han- 
cock, the first signer of the Declaration of Independence, which was republished 
in book form at New York by Saxton & Miles. Several articles by him have ap- 
peared in the Register. In 1867 and 1508 he published weekly, for eight con- 
secutive months, in the Bunker Hill Aurora, a " History of the Island of Can- 
dia." A copy of this work is in the society's library, presented by him. His offi- 
cial reports on the commercial resources of Candia were printed by the United 
States government in the volumes on the 4i Commercial Relations with Foreign 
Nations." volumes 3 to 7. In 1850 he received the first three degrees of Masonry in 
Massachusetts Lodge, Boston, and on the 1st of October, 1855, was admitted a cor- 
responding member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. This mem- 
bership was changed to resident in Jan., 1802. He was a member of the New England 
Society of New York. In consequence of his acceptable course in promoting the 
commercial interests of the I>land of Candia during his official and mercantile resi- 
dence there, and for not compromising the neutrality of his consular flag in that re- 
gion of political intrigue and bribery, the sultan Abdul Aziz conferred upon him in 
July, 1870, the rank and decoration of the Imperial order of Medidich or Knight- 
hood. The decoration and the accompanying berat or diploma were bequeathed 
by him to this society. 

By John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston. 

Hon. George Parkman Denny, of Boston, a life member, admitted Dec. 8, 1870, 
was born in Boston, May 10, 1&26, and died suddenly in the same city at Hotel 
Bristol, Jan. 23, 1885, aged 58. 



1886.] Necrology oj Historic Genealogical Society. 117 

In the early life of the deceased, his father, George Denny, Esq., removed from 
Boston to Westboro'. The Denny mansion was in the south-east part of the village 
of Westboro', and the life within it was not showy, but very solid and substantial. 
The tie which led the family to Westboro', and held it there for many years, is 
found probably in the middle name of the subject of this sketch. Ebenezer Park- 
man was the first minister of Westboro*, having been settled there in 1721, and con- 
tinuing till his death in 1782, fifty-nine years. Mrs. George Denny was a Parkman, 
a granddaughter of this early minister, and it was a connection which her descend- 
ants regarded as highly honorable, as it truly was. 

Mr. Denny, after passing his childhood and youth at Westboro', returned to 
Boston when he was about twenty years of age. and became a partner in the old 
firm, which began as Denny & Dutton in 1530, and has passed through many 
changes to bring it to the firm name which it now bears of Denny, Rice & Co. Gov. 
Gardiner was once a member of the firm, and retired in 1856, when he was elected 
governor of Massachusetts. Mr. Horace McFarland, deceased, was for many years 
connected with the house. 

During the war of the Rebellion he was for a time connected with the army. 

The Boston Daily Advertiser, of Jan. 24, 1885, has an obituary article upon Mr. 
Denny, from which we make the following extract : "Mr. Denny was married, 
when'about twenty-five years old, to Miss Nancy Adams Briggs, daughter of Dr. 
Briggs, of Augusta, Me., by whom he had one son, Mr. Arthur B. Denny. Mrs. 
Denny died in August, 1882, and his son is the only survivor of his family. Mr. 
Denny was prominent in social as well as financial circles. At the time of his 
death he was president of the Art Club, to which position he had just been reelect- 
ed, after having filled the office for a number of years. He was a member of the 
Loj'al Legion, the Commercial Club, the Board of Trade, a director in the Revere 
Bank and the president of the Suffolk Cattle Company of Cheyenne, Wy. He was 
a prominent member of the Emmanuel Church, having held the office of treasurer 
for many consecutive years, and at the time of his decease was one of the vestrymen. 
His circle of friends and acquaintances was very large, and his death will leave a 
vacancy that cannot be filled. He was an exceedingly genial man and a great fa- 
vorite with all who knew him." 

Mr. Denny's earliest American ancestor was Daniel Denny, who arrived in 
Boston in September, 1715. Two years later he removed to Leicester, Mass., where, 
it is believed, he made his home till his death in 1760. 



Stephen* Buttrick Notes, A. B., of Brooklyn, N. Y., a corresponding .member, 
admitted January 10, 1859, was born at Brooktield, Mass., August 28, 1833, and 
died at Deland, Florida, March 8, 1855, aged 51. 

His father was the Rev. George Rapall Noyes, D.D., the distinguished professor 
of Hebrew and other oriental languages in Harvard Divinity School, from 1810 to 
1868. In earlier life he had been pa-tor at Broukfield and Petersham, and it was 
during his pastorate at Brooktield that his son Stephen was bom. The father was 
born in Newburyport, Mass., March 6, 1798, and died in Cambridge, June 3, 1558. 

Living in his father's house at Cambridge, the subject of this sketch enjoyed 
every facility for early culture. He was graduated at Harvard College at the age 
of twenty, in 1853. He had among his classmates President Charles William Eliot, 
Prof. Sylvester Waterhouse, Prcf. James M. Pierce and William L. Gage, D.D. 

Soon after leaving college he began to reveal decided tastes and capacities as a 
librarian and bibliophilist. Five years after graduating he was put in charge of 
the Mercantile Library of Brooklyn, having then only about 3000 volumes. £uch 
evidence did he soon give of ability in this department, that he was called awiy to 
the Congressional Library at Washington, and for some years was there employed. 
But the managers of the Brooklyn Library so much felt his loss that they prevailed 
upon him to come back. His great work as a librarian wa9 really done in Brook- 
lyn, though he wrought faithfully and well at Washington. The Brooklyn Library 
of 3000, before he left it grew to 83.000. The catalogue which he prepared of this 
Brooklyn Library, and which was published a short time before his death, is regard- 
ed as something new and original, and marking an era in publications of this class. 

His earliest American ancestor was Rev. Nicholas 1 Noyes, colleague with Rev. 
Thomas Parker in the ministry at Newbury, Mass., 1635. From him the line runs 
through Cutting 2 Noves, born 1619; Cutting, 3 Jr.. born 1677 ; Jacob. 4 born 1704; 
Joseph, 5 born 1736 ; Nathaniel. 6 b.orn 1763 ;' George Rapall. 7 born 1798. The last 
named was married May 8, 1628, to Miss Eliza Wheeler Buttrick, of Framingham. 



118 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

From this marriage there were seven children, of whom Stephen Buttrick 8 wai the 

third. 

Stephen B. Noyes was united in marriage. October 20, 1770, with Sophia D. 
Anthony, daughter of Edward Anthony, of Brooklyn. From this marriage there 
were two children, Annie Anthony and George Holland. The wife died in 1573, 
and the son about three years ago. 

In 1662, June 14, he was again married to Susan W. Wylie, daughter of James 
TVylie, of Brooklyn. From this marriage there was a son, who, with his mother 
and his sister by the former marriage, survive. 

Rev. Samuel Irexjeus Prime, D.D.. of New York, a corresponding member, ad* 
mitted June 8, 1855, was born at Ballston, N. Y.. Nov. 4, 1812, and died in .Man- 
chester, Vt.-i where he had gone for his summer sojourn, July II, 1885. 

His earliest American ancestor was James Prime, one of the company that found- 
ed Milford, Ct., in 1640. Dr. Prime's great-grandfather was Rev. Ebenezer. who 
was graduated at Yale College in 1718. and was settled the year following, 1719. at 
Huntington, L. I., where he remained just fifty years, dying in 177'.). A son of his was 
Benjamin Young Prime, M.D., who was graduated at Yale in 1700. lie was a man 
of varied learning and of considerable literary ability. He was a youth of fifteen 
at the breaking out of the revolutionary war, and during the war was known for 
his patriotic Songs. A son of Benjamin was Rev. Nathaniel Scudder Prime, D.D., 
who was educated at Princeton. He was a distinguished Presbyterian minister, 
and like his father and grandfather was a man ofletters. He died in 185G. 

Comiug from such an ancestry, it was natural that the subject of this sketch 
should inherit a taste for books and literary studies. He had a taste for the lan- 
guages in early life, and made rapid progress in them. He entered Williams Col- 
lege at the age of thirteen, and was graduated in 1829, at the ase of seventeen. 
This was a common age for graduation at Harvard College in the 17th century, but 
in this century it is rare to find college graduate- of only seventeen years of age. 

Dr. Prime's early ministry was irregular because of ill health, but his life-work 
has been that of an editor. He is known to the world through the columns of the 
iVeiy York Observer, with which he has been for many years connected. His pre- 
sence and activity there have been manifest in almost every issue of the paper. 
Though not a profound thinker or writer, there was a class of subjects, literary, 
biographical, historical, religious, which he touched with a flowing and easy pen, 
ana his articles on such subjects were almost always found readable. They had a 
style that was sui generis, and the readers of the Observer were apt to turn a: once 
to the Iren^us columns. He was also the author of several bound volumes. 

The brothers of Dr. Prime, Rev. Dr. £. D. G. and William Covvper Prime, are 
well known for their ability. 

He leaves a widow and four children, two sons and two daughters. Rev. Dr. 
Wendall Prime, his son, was associated with him in the conduct of tho Observer. 
His eldest daughter is the wile of Rev. Dr. Charles A. Stoddard, who is also one of 
the editors of the Observer. 

Franklin B. Hough, M.D., LL.D., of Lowville, N. Y., a corresponding member, 
admitted Feb. 3, 1800, was born in Martinsburgh, Lewis County, N. Y., July 20, 
1822, and died at Lowville, Lewis County, N. Y., June 11, 1685. aged 02. 

His father, Dr. Horatio Gates Hough, was born in Meriden, Ct., Jan. 5, 1778, 
but went as a child, with the family, to Southwick, Mass., and in 1793 removed to 
the state of New Y'ork. where he married Nov. 13, 1803, Miss Martha Pitcher. His 
grandfather was Thomas Hough, of Meriden, Ct., who died Dec. 4, 1815, a^ed 66. 

The subject of this sketeh, alter his common school days, received his education 
at Lowville Academy and at the Black River Literary and Religious Institute in 
"VYntertown, N. Y., whence he went to Union College, where he was graduated in 
1843. He received his medical education at Cleveland, Ohio, graduating with the 
degree of M.D. in 1848. 

He was united in marriage July 9, 1845, while pursuing medical studies, with 
Maria Sarah Eggleson, of Champion, N. Y. By this marriage there was one child, 
a daughter, born in 1840. The wife died June 2, 1848. He was a^ain married, 
May 10, 1649, to Marian Ellen Kilham, of Turin, N. Y. By this marriage there 
were four children, two sons and two daughters. 

Dr. Hough's professional life was at first in Somerville, St. Lawrence Ccjanty, 
N. Y., where he lived from 1648 to 1852. In May, 1854, he removed to Albany, 



1886.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 



119 



where he remained until 1860, when he established his residence at Lowville, which 
was afterwards his home. Asa matter of fact. Dr. Hough's life, as a physician, has 
been subordinate to that of a public and historical writer, in which respect he has 
shown a very great industry and ability. 

It would be beyond the proper limits of this notice to give even the titles of all 
the books and important papers which he has contributed in this general depart- 
ment 0$ study. A tew of them we give : " Hist >ry of St. Lawrence and Franklin 
Counties, X. Y," 1833; "History of Jefferson County, X. Y," 1851; " Re- 
sults of a Series of Meteorological Observations mide at New York Academies," 
1855; "Census of Xew York," 1855, taken under his direction : " History of 
Lewis County, X. Y.," I860; " Munsell's Guide to the Hudson River,"' 1959; 
" On Military and Camp Hospitals, from the French of Bauden," 1862; " North- 
ern Invasion of October, 1780," 1860. These titles will serve to irive an idea of the 
range of his scholarship and his activities. As an illustration showing how busily 
he has used his pen, his daughter, Miss Elida C. Hough, in a letter written June 
22, 1885, says: " I sent a list of 83 volumes [the work of his hands] to the Utiea 
Herald this morning, and it may be published in that paper to-morrow." The 
daughter who writes this is a graduate (1885) of Cornell University. Another 
daughter has studied in Syracuse University* Still another daughter was a student 
at Vassar. Of the sons one studied at Union College and Albany Law School ; 
another was graduated at Cornell, and still another is now in his ourse at Cornell. 
There are seven children, four daughters and three sons. His wife also survives. 



Ebexezek Bancroft Towne, Esq.. of Raynham. Mass., a resident member, admit- 
ted March 11, 1874, was born in Stoddard, Cheshire Co., N. 11., Dec. 11. 1809. and 
died at Raynham, Ms.. June 30, 1865. aged 75 years. 6 months and 16 days. His 
father was Gardner Towne, born in Amherst, X. II., May 1, 1705. His mother was 
Lucy Bancroft, born in Tyngsboro', Mass., June 7. 1773. They were warned Jan. 
27, 1795. His grandfather was Israel Towne, who was born in Amherst, N. II., 
Nov. 16, 1736, and married Lucy Hopkins. July 31, 1700. His great-grandfather, 
Israel, was born in Topsfield, Essex Co.. Mass.. March 24, 1704. "This last married 
Grace Gardner, May 23, 1729. Register xxi. 220. 

In early life, the subject of this sketch, in consequence of the death of his father, 
lived for a little time in the family of Rev. Isaac Robinson, minister in Stoddard. X. 
II., and afterwards with Mr. John Farwell and his father until ab.mt sixteen years 
old. Before going to Tyngsboro', he was kept at the district school about four 
months in the year, and afterwards, till the age of sixteen, about three months 
yearly. From sixteen to eighteen he worked upon the farm, and from eighteen to 
twenty-one he was an apprentice with Samuel S. Lawrence, of Tyngsboro*. 

After he was twenty-one, he became a hat, cap, and fur merchant, in company 
with his brother Orr X T . Towne and Wn. W. Kecdrick, at 34 Eim Street, Boston. 
In this connection he continued for thirty-four years. 

He was united in marriage, August 1, 1838, with Miss Almeda Wilson, daughter 
of Capt Joel Wilson of Stoddard, N. H. She was born in Stoddard, Jan. 19, 1819, 
and died in Amherst, N. H., Oct. 21. 1845. 

He was again married, Feb. 12, 1854, to Mrs. Chloe Adaline Gilman, widow of 
Henry T. Gilman, and daughter of Syivanus B. Braman, of Xorton, Mass. By this 
marriage there were three children, a son and two daughters. One of the daughters 
died in early life. 

Mr. Towne was a man of great energy and integrity, and of very systematic busi- 
ness habits. He has left behind a record of honesty and uprightness. 

The Boston Journal of July 1, 1885, speaks of him as " the wealthiest resident of 
Raynham," and says: '* For many years he was engaged in business in Boston, where 
the bulk of his fortune was made. On retiring from business he went to Raynham. 
He was elected County Commissioner for six years, beginning in 1863, and was 'or a 
number of years Treasurer of the Bristol County Agricultural Society and held vari- 
ous other offices of trust." 



Judge Thcmas Wells Bartley, of Washington, D. C, a corresponding member, 
admitted Xov. 10, 1855, was born in Jefferson County, Ohio, Feb. 11, 1812, and 
died in Washington, D. C, June 20, 1885, aged 73. 

His lather was lion. Mordecai Bartley, of Mansfki 1. Ohio, who was born in Fay- 
ette County, Pa., Sept. 8, 1787, and his mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 



120 Booh Notice ft. [Jan. 

Wells, of Brownsville, Fayette County, Pa. She was born in 17S9. They were 
united in marriage in 1606. His grandfather Elijah was born in Virginia in 1753, 
and married Rachel Pearshall. Alter marriage they removed from Loudoun Coun- 
ty, Ya., to Fayette County, Pa., where all their children were born. The earlier 
ancestors of this Bartley family (spelled also Barklay and Barclay) lived in Virginia 
from the early colonial days. 

Mordecai Bartley was a prominent man in Ohio. He was a military officer in 
the war of 1812, was member of congress eight }-ears, from 1823 to 1831, and was 
governor of the state two years, 1844-46. 

The subject of this sketch, alter his boyhood days were passed, was fitted for col- 
lege, and was graduated at Jefferson College, Pa., in 1S29, and received the degree 
of^A.M. in 1633. After studying law one year with Hon. Jacob Parker, of Mans- 
field, and one year with Elijah Hayward, Esq., of Washington, D. C, he was ad- 
mitted to practice in all the judicial courts of Ohio in 1S33. He soon became a pub- 
lic man, serving in the Ohio General Assembly and in the Senate. As speaker of 
the Senate, he became, ic 1844, ex-officio governor of the state, and in December of 
that year was succeeded by his own father, who had just been elected governor. 

He was united in marriage, October 5, 1837, with Julia Maria, daughter of Wil- 
liam Larwill. of Wooster, Ohio. She was born March 30, 1818, and died March I, 
1847. He married again, Nov. 7, 1848, Susan Sherman (Reg. xxiv. 160), daugh- 
ter of Hon. Charles R. Sherman, Judue of the Supreme Court of Ohio. She was 
sister of Senator John and General William T. Sherman. By his first marriage he 
had four children, and by his second two. 

Judge Bartley was a man eminent for his legal learning and his great power of 
thought. Some of his decisions occupy a high place in the estimate of his brethren 
of the legal profession. He was a member of the Jackson Democratic Association 
in Washington, and the resolutions passed by that body, after his death, are very 
strong in their testimony to his ability and worth of character. The last words of 
Judge Bartley, as reported to us by one of his friends, were these : " I have done 
my duty to my country, to my countrymen, to my children, to all. The world, the 
material world, I am going out of it. But there is a spiritual world we cannot see 
with our material senses." He had lifted himself upon his elbow to utter these 
words, when he dropped back upon his pillow and died. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 



Families of the Wyoming Valley: Biographical, Genealogical and Historical. 
Sketches of the Bench and Bar of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. By George B. 
Kulp, Historiographer of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society. 
In two volumes^ Vol. 1. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. E. B. Yordy, Printer. 18a5. 
8vo. pp. viii.-f-504. Price per volume, §7.50. 

A history of the families of the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania is necessarily an 
important part of the history of Connecticut, that state having claimed, by' the 
charter of Charles II., that portion of the present territory of Pennsylvania lying 
between the 41st and 43rd degrees of latitude. As early as 1753 steps were take'n by 
Connecticut to settle this section with her own people. From 17(30 to 1700 various 
companies of emigrants from Connecticut and the other New England states located 
on these lands. Tie claim of Connecticut was disputed by the colony of Pennsylvania, 
who had already granted these lands to her citizens. Out of this conflict of col Jnial au- 
thority, frequent and severe contests for their possession arose between the two parties, 
the Pcnnamites or Pennsylvania claimants, and the Yankecsor Conneeticut claimants. 
No one who has ever visited the historical Valley of Wyoming, and gazed upon its 



1886.] 



Booh Notices. 



121 



exquisite beauty, will wonder that the early settlers were willing to take up arms 
and do battle for such a prize. The struggle for its possession is narrated in the 
various histories of this section, ami needs only to be referred to here. But from, 
these emigrations of New England and Pennsylvania people have descended the 
Families of Wyoming Valley, whose history Mr. Kulp lias preserved in this very 
interesting volume. Many of these families, repeating the history of most civil 
wars, have intermarried to such an extent that frequently the Pennsylvania family 
and name are found owning lands inherited from Connecticut ancestors, or the Con- 
necticut family is found in possession of acres descended from some Pennsylvania 
ancestor. From these early settlers, who were men of bold spirit, undaunted cour- 
age, strong sense and religious principles, have come many whose names are to be 
found prominently placed on every page of the history of the union. To one branch 
of these sons of Connecticut and Pennsylvania the author of this volume has devoted 
his labors in efforts to rescue from oblivion the records of their personal career and 
that of their forefathers, i. e. the Bench and Bar of Luzerne County. 

The first volume, the only one as yet issued, contains ninety-seven biographical 
and genealogical sketches of living members of the Luzerne Bar. The second vol- 
ume will contain as many more, including those whose earthly career has already end- 
ed, many of whom were distinguished in the civil and military history of Pennsylva- 
nia. These sketches first appeared in the pages of the Luzerne Legal Register, a 
weekly publication by Mr. Kulp, which has reached its fourteenth volume, and is 
of such value that a full set commands the price of about sixty-five dollars. In this 
volume Mr. Kulp has given as full genealogical records as it was possible to obtain 
of the families from which the several subjects of his shetches descended. He has 
had access to old family papers, church and court records, both in Connecticut and 
Pennsylvania, and* has gathered his mass of historical and personal reminiscences 
with great care and accuracy. 

Among the biographical sketches will be found those of Col. Zebulon Butler, who 
was in the action of Wyoming, 1778, Hons. Edmund L.Dana, Henry M. Hoyt, 
A. T. McClintock, E. S. Osborne, Lazarus D. Shoemaker, Hendrick B. Wright ; 
Judges Rhone, Woodward, Scott, Harding, Rice and others of the Luzerne Bar. 
Among the genealogies, in which a vast amount of new and unpublished material 
appears for the first time, will be found those of the families of Butler, Bennett, 
Bulkley. Bedford, Conyngham, Dixon, Dorrance, Darling, £sp} r , Fell, llasley, 
Hand, Hunluck, Hoyt, Jameson, Johnson, Jenkins, Kuip, Lewis, Lainberton, 
O'Neil, Payne, Palmer, Powell, Rhone, Richardson, Richards., Scott, Smith, Sut- 
ton, Shoemaker j Strong, Welles, Wadhams, Walker, &o. &c. &c. The sketch of 
Edmund Griffin Butler is especially interesting, containing as it does an exhaustive 
account of the battle and massacre of Wyoming, in which action the a rices t its of 
nearly all of those whose history this work sets forth participated. In his estimate 
of the character of living persons whom the author names, we find none of that ful- 
some flattery which disfigures so much modern biography. While as he says the 
volume makes no pretensions to literary excellence, he has given us a very readable 
book, and one which the genealogist will welcome as useful and valuable. Mr. 
Kulp promises an index of names in the second volume, the absence of which is the 
only defect of this volume. The typography of the book reflects great credit on the 
printer. The work is not stereotyped'and the edition is limited. 

By the Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, Wilkes- Barre , Pa. 

Emmanuel College, Cambridge. Commemoration of the Three Hundredth Anniver- 
sary of the Foundation. 1684. 8vo. pp. 99. 
Laurence Chaderton, D.D. (First Master of Emmanuel) . Translated from a Lat- 
in Memoir of Br. Dillingham, with Notes and Illustrations. Richard Farmer, 
D.D. {Master of Emmanuel, 1775 — 1797). An Essay. By E. S. SinxkBURGH, 
M.A., late Fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. Cambridge: Macmillan 
and Bowers. 1834. 8vo. pp. 63. 

We have before us two works which the Tercentenary Festal of Emmanuel Col- 
lege, June 18 and 19, 1884, have produced. This College, as is stated in the first 
book, " was founded by Sir Walter Miidmay in the year 1564. The Register irives 
the names of thirty persons admitted members of the college in the year 15^4-5. 
Of the actual day of the foundation there is no record. But Queen Elizabeth's Char- 
ter empowering Sir Walter Miidmay to found a College is dated June 5, 15-4. 
Between these two dates, therefore, the corporate life of the College must have 
begun." 

VOL. XL. 12 



122 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

This college has a particular interest for the people of New England, for more of 
the prominent men among Our early settlers were educated here than at any other col- 
lege; Among them were John Harvard, the founder of Harvard College : Nathaniel 
"W aid, author of the Massachusetts Body of Liberties, the first code of laws estab- 
lished in New England ; Thomas Hooker and Samuel Stone of Hartford, Thomas 
Shepard of Cambridge, William Blaxton or Blackstone, the first settler of Boston ; 
Thomas James and Zecbariah Symmes, of Charlestown ; Nathaniel Rogers of Ip- 
swich, Daniel Maude of Dover, William LevericU of Sandwich, all clergymen and 
men of ability. 

The first work under notice contains the proceedings at the celebration in the 
summer of 1884, when speeches were made by our countrymen, Prof. Charles E. 
.Norton, as a delegate from Harvard College, and the Hon. James Russell Lowell, 
the United States Minister to Great Britain. Speeches were made also by Dr. 
Phear, the master of Emmanuel ; Dr. Ferras, the vice-chancellor of the university ; 
Lord Powis, the high steward ; the Bishop of Winchester. Sir Henry Mildmay, de- 
scended from a brother of the founder ; Mr. Beresford Hope, Rev. W. Chawner, 
tutor of Emmanuel, Dr. Sebastian Evans and Dr. J. J. Raven. A sermon was 
preached by Dr. Edward Harold Browne, bishop of Winchester. Appended to the 
report of these proceedings is some valuable historical, biographical and tabular 
matter relative to the college. A portrait of the founder is prefixed to the book. 

The bicentenary of the college was celebrated one hundred years ago, in Sep- 
tember, 1784, by appropriate services, an account of which is preserved in this book. 
It is not known that the completion of the first hundred years was observed in any 
manner ; nor does any notice seem to have been taken in 1834 of its quarter mil- 
lenary, an event now so frequently commemorated in America. 

Dr. Shuckburgh's work, the second whose title we give, contains memoirs of two 
Masters of Emmanuel, Dr. Laurence Chaderton, the first master of the college, and 
Dr. Richard Farmer, the Shakspearean scholar, who was master when the bicenten- 
ary was celebrated. The memoir of Dr. Chaderton was written in Latin by one of 
his successors, Dr. William Dilliugham, and has been translated and edited by Dr. 
Shuckburgh, who has written, as a companion to it, the memoir of Dr. Farmer. 
The two biographies are valuable contributions to the history of the college. 

The Colonial Church in Virginia. Address delivered by P. Slaughter, D.D., 
Historiographer of the Diocese of Virginia, at the Centennial Council in the City 
of Richmond, on the 21st of May, 1835. [Motto of the Seal of Virginia.] Bos- 
ton : Printed by Rand, Avery & Company. 1885. 8vo pp. 43. 
The Rev. Dr. Slaughter has been for many years, as he now is, a zealous and in- 
defatigable student of the history of Virginia, especially its ecclesiastical history. 
He has rendered most valuable service by his efforts to seek out, collect and pre- 
serve the scattered and perishing records of the ancient parishes. Among the fruits 
of his historical researches are the well-known histories of Bristol Parish and St. 
George's Parish, published respectively in 1846 and 1847, and which were subse- 
quently incorporated by Bishop Meade in his " Old Churches, Ministers and Fami- 
lies of Virginia." In his excellent memoir of Bishop Meade (Memorial Biographies 
of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, vol. iv. 1835), Dr. Slaughter 
gives an outline sketch of the condition of the Episcopal Church in Virginia during 
the first half of the present century. In his Centennial Address of May last he 
deals more in detail, and more in the way of a discussion, with a much longer peri- 
od, upwards of two hundred and fifty years of colonial history. In a survey so long 
as this, only the most important events could be noticed. But with this discussion 
We are presented with striking views of men, of society, and of ecclesiastical and 
political affairs, painted with the author's characteristic skill. These views repre- 
sent the results of careful research, and the facts are stated frankly and clearly. This 
address may well serve, in the hands of the same author, or in the hands of an 
equally competent historian in the future, as the framework of a full history of the 
Episcopal Church in Virginia prior to the American Revolution. 

The author throws new light upon his subject, and corrects some false and 
injurious statements, the coinage of ignorant or prejudiced writers. He points out 
the chief obstacles, whether of a local or of a foreign source, to the vigorous growth 
of the colonial Church. He shows how it was hampered and weakened rather than 
aided and stregthened, by its enforced union with the State, lie shows how it en- 
deavored to meet its obligations to the enslaved race. And he establishes the fact — 



1886.] 



Booh Notices. 



123 



which has been ignored or denied by not a few historians— that the principal lay- 
men in Virginia were openly among the earliest and most strenuous opposers 
of the arbitrary and oppressive measures of the British authorities previous to the 
.Revolution, and that they were also amongst the most patriotic and efficient sup- 
porters of the American interests throughout the war. 
By Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston. 

Proceedings arid Collections of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society. 

Vol. II. Part I. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. : Printed for the Society. 1885. 8vo. 

pp. 185. 

This number contains the charter, by-laws and roll of membership of the society, 
with the proceedings from March 2, 1883, to Feb. 11, 1834, and reports and papers. 
The papers on Local Shell-Beds by Sheldon Reynolds. Pittston Fort by Hon. Steu- 
ben Jenkins, Bibliography of Wyoming Valley by the Rev. Horace E. Hayden, Cal- 
vin Williams by George B. Kulp, contain much important material for the history 
of the Wyoming Valley. A report of a special committee, by the chairman, the 
late Harrison Wright, Ph.D., on the archaeological remains at Tioga Point, Pa., is 
a valuable contribution to Indian history. 

This society, which was established in 1858, is doing good service for the history 
and geology of that locality. 

Samuel de Champlain : A Brief Sketch of the Eminent Navigator end Discoverer. 
Read before the Chicago Historical Society, Tuesday Evening, October 20, 1885. 
By Henry H. Hurlbut. A Portrait of the Great Explorer, painted by Miss Har- 
riet P. Hurlbut, was on this occasion presented in her name to the Society. Chi- 
cago : Fergus Printing Company. 1885. 8vo. pp. 19. 

We have before us an address delivered last autumn before the Chicago Histori- 
cal Society on the occasion of the presentation, in behalf of Miss Hurlbut. of a 
painting of Champlain. It was copied by her from an engraved portrait by Moncor- 
net, as it appears in the works of Champlain published by the Prince Society. The 
frame, of which an account is given in the author's " Chicago Antiquities,*' p. 80, 
hasa history, having traditionally formed apart of an old ship of some celebrity. 
Mr. Hurlbut is engaged on a work to be entitled " Our Inland Seas and Early Lake 
Navigation," and this sketch of the life of Champlain will form a part of that work. 
It is an interesting narrative of this early explorer of our coast. 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. By Henry F. "Waters, A.B. Vol. I. (Part 
First.) Boston : New England Historic Genealogical Society. 15s5. 8vo. pp. 

1 o 1 . 

John Harvard and his Ancestry. By Henry F. Waters, A.B. Boston: New 

England Historic Genealogical Society. 1885. 8vo. pp. 24. 
Genealogical Gleanings in England. [No.] X. By Henry F. Waters, A.M. 8vo. 

pp. 16. 

A notice in the Register of Mr. Waters's '* Genealogical Gleanings in England " 
may appear like " carrying coal to Newcastle," but a brief word will suffice. These 
" Gleanings " have appeared quarterly in this periodical. 

The first part of Volume I., whose title heads this article, represents all the in- 
stalments published from July, 1883, to April, 1835, inclusive. The preface is by 
John T. Hassam, Esq., and the superb index is by Frank E. Bradish, Esq. 

The second title which we give is that of a pamphlet reprint of Mr. "Waters's con- 
tribution to the July number of the Register, in which he dispelled the mystery 
which had so long enveloped the history of the founder of Harvard University. 

The third title is that of the last issue of the serials which the Committee on Eng- 
lish Research of the New England Historic Genealogical Society have reprinted from 
the Register. Of these serials, Mos I. to VHI. are reprinted in the work whose 
title we first give ; No. IX. consists of the Harvard researches, and No. X. con- 
tains all of Mr. Waters's *' Gleanings" which appeared in the October Register 
with Mr. Hassam's introduction, including President Eliot's account of Mr. Wa- 
ters's discoveries about Harvard. 

The three works contain all of the published " Genealogical Gleanings " to the 
close of 1835. 

Students in genealogy felt that they had a prize in the various instalments, and 
now when the same appear in book form, a greater prize is presented to them. The 
work of Mr. Waters is of highest value. To hiin already is due the credit of finding 



124 Booh Xotices* [Jan. 

the Winthrop map, the Maverick MS. and the family of John Harvard. His in- 
vestigations, as these " Gleanings " prove, are in no narrow way. The early fami- 
lies of Virginia and the other English colonics, as well as Massachusetts, are borne 
iu mind. To many of these researches are appended notes of much value by emi- 
nent American antiquaries. The descendants uf the early American families can 
well afford to keep Mr. Waters at this post, for which he is preeminently fitted. 
By the Rev. Anson Titus, ofAmesbury, Mass. 

Final Notes on Witchcraft in Massachusetts ; A Summary Vindication of the haves 
and Liberties concerning Attainders, with Corruption of Blood, Escheats, Forfeit' 
ures for Crime and Pardon of Offenders, in Reply to the Reasons, <$-c, of Hon. 
Albert C. Goodell, Jr., Editor of the Province Laws of Massachusetts. By George 
H. Moore, LL.D., Superintendent of the Leuox Library. New York : Printed 
for the Author. 1885. 8vo. pp. 120. Sold by Cupples, Upham & Co., 283 
Washington St., Boston, Mass. Price $1. 
Prytaneum Bostoniense. Notes on the History of the Old State House, formerly 
known as the Town House in Boston, the Province Court House, the State House 
and the City Hall. By George H. Moore, LL.D. Boston: Cupples, Cphaui & 
Co. 1885. 8vo. pp. 31. Price 50 cents. 

Dr. Moore's " Final Notes " is the fifth of a series of pamphlets which have 
been issued by Dr. Moore and Mr. Goodell, discussing points in the history of 
Witchcraft in Massachusetts. On the 21st of October, lsS2, Dr. Moore read a piper 
before the American Antiquarian Society, entitled Notes on the History of Witch- 
craft in Massachusetts, which was printed in the Proceedings of that society and 
reprinted in pamphlet form in 18s3. A reply to this by Mr. Goodell, under the 
title of " Further Notes on the History of Witchcraft in Massachusetts," appeared 
in 1884. " Supplementary Notes on 'Witchcraft in Massachusetts'' by Dr. Moore, 
and Reasons for concluding that the Act of 1711, Pweversing the Attainder of 1692, 
became a Law," by Dr. Goodell, followed in the same year. Mr. Goodell's two 
contributions to this and Dr. Moore's "Supplementary Notes" and a part of 
the " Final Notes " were read as papers before the Massachusetts Historical Soci- 
ety, and are reprinted from its Proceedings. Various questions concerning the 
"Witchcraft trials and the subsequent legislation of Massachusetts relative to the 
victims, are discussed in these pamphlets ; and much curious and interesting in- 
formation upon the laws and law-making of the province, which none could give 
but Messrs. Moore and Goodell, who have made these subjects a specialty and have 
spent years in investigating them and in collecting materials illustrating them. 

The pamphlet before us is, as the title states, "a summary vindication of the 
Laws and Liberties" of Massachusetts "concerning Attainders, with Corruption 
of Blood, Escheats, Forfeiture for Crime and Pardon of Offenders." It displays 

treat learning, and is a thorough investigation of these subjects. In the apoendix, 
esides other matters of vaiue, is a detailed history of the Ptecords of the General 
Court. The originals were all destroyed with the Court House in the fire of 1747, 
and what we have are only copies. It is interesting to follow, as Dr. Moore enables 
us to do, the action of the different legislatures on the subject of copying the records 
for preservation, and the zealous labors of that model secretary, Josiah Willard, in 
the cause. 

The other pamphlet, " Prytaneum Bostoniense or Notes on the History of the 
Old State House," is a paper read in that ancient structure, May 12, 1S85, beiore 
the Bostonian Society. It is a worthy companion to Mr. Whitmore's " Old State 
House Memorial," issued by the city, and shows that Mr. Whitmore's volume, re- 
plete as it is with memorials of the historic halls of that building, did not exhaust 
his subject. Indeed, we learn that Mr. Moore has enough matter for another paper 
which he is to read before that society in February. 

Colonel Alexander Rinby : A Sketch of his Career and Connection v;ilh Maine as 
Proprietor of the Plour/h Patent and President of the Province of Lyyonia. By 
Charles Edward Banks, M.D. (Dart.). 1885. Privately Printed. . Sm. 4to. pp. 
57. Fifty copies printed. 

Though Col. Rigby never visited New England, he appears prominently in the 
history uf the colonization of Maine; and yet but few details of his life have been 
known to us. Dr. Banks by patient research has supplied our want, and shown him 
to us us he was known to his contemporaries in England. He was an ardent sup- 
porter of the Commonwealth and was entrusted with important offices. In this 



1886.] Booh Notices. 125 

pamphlet we have al c o an account of the Plough Patent and the abortive attempts 
of the Familists who obtained the patent to colonize under it ; also a history of the 
Province of Lvgonia as administered by George Cleeves under Rigby : s authority. 
The author treats these subjects exhaustively. A portrait of Rigby, heliotyped 
from a miniature in the possession of Towneley Rigby Snowies, Esq.. of Pau, France, 
is a new attraction for us. A tabular pedigree, showing the descent from Adam 
Rigby of "Wygan, his great-grandfather, is also given. This tract is a reprint from 
the Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder. 

Family Memorials. A Series of Genealogical and Biographical Monographs on the 
Families of Salisbury, A/la-orth-E/bridge, Sewall, P yldren- Dumm< r , Wafle>/ y 
Quincy, Gookin, Wendell, Brcese, Chevalier- Anderson and Phillips. With 
Fifteen Pedigrees and an Appendix. By Edward E lb ridge Salisbury. 1885. 
Privately Printed. Price in cloth, $20.00. 

An accomplished scholar who has traversed many fields of learning, here presents 
in a superb folio volume of 696 pages (bound in boards in two half volumes), a his- 
torical and genealogical account of several distinguished families — some of them 
among the most distinguished in New England — whose lines of descent converge in his 
own family and in his own person. Professor Salisbury has given years of time and 
thought and labor, and has devoted a considerable amount of money, in the first 
place, to the collection in this and other lands, of information of every kind relating 
to these families, then to the classification and arrangement of the material thus 
accumulated, and, more recently, to the compilation and publication of a portion of 
it, which .is thus made available for contemporaneous use. and safe for the genera- 
tions which are to come. He dedicates it to the Memory of the Fathers for the Sake 
of the Children. For undertaking such a task the author deserves the hearty 
thanks of all historical students; and for the success with which he has been able 
to carry out his generous and comprehensive purpose he is entitled to their con- 
gratulations. The first Mrs. Salisbury was Abigail Salisbury Phillips, of Boston, 
a cousin of her husband : the second, who has had an important share in the work 
now before us, was Evelyn McCurdy, daughter of the Hon. Charles J. McCurdy, of 
•Lyme. Conn. 

By Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M. , of Boston. 

IS Intermediate des Chercheurs et Curieur. Fonde en 1864. Lucien Faucox, 
Directeur. Paris, 13 rue Cujas. Published on the 10th and 25th of each month, 
in 8vo., 32 pages each. Terms in France, 16 francs per annum : abroad, 18 francs. 
Students of French history will welcome the aid of this modest and useful serial 
in unfolding the details of many interesting events deemed too trivial for record by 
the cotemporaneous chronicler, but subsequently found to be of commanding im- 
portance. It has an especial value to the searchers and gleaners amid the past man- 
ners, customs and habits of the French, in that it talks freely and without reserve 
concerning some matters not likely to be found elsewhere. Its independence is ab- 
solute, and the inviolability of correspondence guaranteed. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

New Chapter in the History of Concord Fight ; Groton Minute Men at the North 

Bridge, April 19, 1775. By William W. Wheildon. Boston : Lee & Shepard, 

Publishers, No. 10 Milk Street. 16S5. 8vo. pp. 32. 

Mr. Wheildon has done much to preserve the local history of Boston and vicini- 
ty, and particularly the incidents in the revolutionary history of this locality. The 
long list of works by him on the cover of this pamphlet show how much he has pub- 
lished, and how long he has been engaged in such labors. 

" He here prints the testimony which Artemas Wright of Ayer gives on the author- 
ity of his grandfather, Nathan Corey of Groton, concerning the Concord Fight. The 
arrival of cannon in Groton from Concord, it is stated, raised suspicions, and Corey 
and nine other minute men feft Groton for that place on the evening of April 18, 
and were in Concord early the next morning, where they took part in the defence of 
the North Bridge. Mr. Wheildon draws attention to the importance of Paul 
Revere's first Ride to Lexington. Sunday, April 16th. 

An appendix contains — 1, a list of towns engaged in the events of the 19th April, 
1775, with the losses of each and other particulars; 2, a description of the monu- 
ments, etc., erected to commemorate the events of that day. 

A view of the *' Old North Bridge " and the monument at Concord embellish 
VOL. XL. 12* 



126 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

the work. Mr. "Wright's story was made the basis of a paper by Mr. Whcildon 
read before the Bostouian Society. This paper is here printed with additions. 

The Attempts made to Separate the West from the American Union. A Paper read 

before the Missouri Historical Society, February 4, 1885. By the Rt. Rev. C. F. 

Robertson, D.D., LL.D. St. Louis: 1885. 8vo. pp. GO. 

This essay by Bishop Robertson gives a concise and interesting account of the 
machinations of the Spanish authorities in Louisiana Territory (luring the period 
following the American Revolution, and prior to the restoration of the territory to 
France, the object of the intrigues being to detach the territories now comprising 
the states of Mississippi, Kentucky, Tennessee and Indiana from the union, and to 
persuade them to seek Spanish protection. Considerable dissatisfaction prevailed 
in these territories from 1783-89, and even later, in consequence of the failure of 
congress to protect western interests, and especially the neglect or inability to secure 
from Spain a free navigation of the Mississippi in order that the products of the 
country might reach a market. 

The author gives a brief history of the purchase of Louisiana from the French, 
and tells the story of Aaron Burr's conspiracy, in which he oilers evidence of the 
disloyalty of Gen. Wilkinson, commander of the United States army. The pam- 

}>hlet contains a map of the Mississippi valley, and portraits of Burr and Blenner- 
lassett. The authorities for the historical statements are cited, and the paper shows 
extensive and thorough research. 
By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Need ham, Mass. 

Archaologia Americana. Transactions and Collections of the American Antiquarian 
Society. Vol. VII. Note-Book kept by Thomas Lech ford, Esq., Lawyer, in Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29, 1641. Printed for the Society, at 
University Press, Cambridge. 1885. 8vo. pp. xxviii.-f 460. 
This note-book of the first lawyer in Xew England is one of the most valuable and 
interesting publications that we have noticed. It contains copies of the legal pa- 
pers drawn by Thomas Lechford, and notes on the cases concerning which he was 
consulted or interested. The quaint old forms are both amusing and instructive to 
the lawyer of to-day ; and to the historical student and the genealogist the note-book 
reveals the transactions and events from 1638 to 1641, in which many of the earliest 
settlers here were concerned. More important still, it gives the English homes of 
many persons, in some cases only confirming what we knew before, but in others 
giving facts before unknown, and perhaps vainly sought for. Copious notes are 
found on nearly every page, and the work is ably edited by Edward Everett Hale, 
Jr., who has availed to some extent of matter previously prepared by J. Hammond 
Trumbull, LL.D., Hon. D wight Foster and others. Twenty-two pages are devoted 
to a sketch of Thomas Lechford by Dr. Trumbull, which gives some account of the 
difficulties into which Lechford's theological opinions led him. The birth-place 
and parentage of the author of " Plain Dealing " are not definitely known, but 
it is surmised that he may have belonged to a Lechford family in the county of Sur- 
rey. Various letters to Hugh Peters and other persons are found in the note-book, 
mostly on religious subjects, and it seems evident that his return to England was 
the result of the harshness with which he was treated here. There is also much 
relating to public affairs, such as addresses and k ' proposicons " to the Governor 
and General Court. It is unfortunate that a better method of indexing was not 
adopted. The book is attractive in appearance, and printed in the best manner. 
By Georye K. Clarke, LL.B., of Ntcdham, Mass. 

Woburn [Massachusetts]: an historical and descriptive sketch of the town, with an 
outline x>f Ms industrial interests. Illustrated. AVoburn : Published by the Board 
of Trade. 1885. The Riverside Press, Cambridge: Printed by H.O.Hough- 
ton and Company. Oblong 8vo. pp. 60. Illustrations by the Heliotype Print- 
ing Company, Boston. Price ,s2. 

This is a beautiful book, finely gotten up, with beautiful illustrations, and is- 
sued from the press of a first class establishment. In the limits of sixty pages are 
a neatly writted historical sketch of the town. — which was incorporated in tiie year 
1642, and which until within a comparatively recent period was devoted to little 
Other than agricultural business, — and chapters on the geography, inhabitants and 
present business of the town, which is chiefly the manufacture of leather ; in which 
business, with its present number of nearly twelve thousand inhabitants, the town 



1886.] Booh Notices. 127 

leads all other places in Xew England. The writer of the business part of the 
work has performed his tusk in a really admirable manner, giving a comprehensive 
and clear view of the place as it now is, and its prospective advantages. It- accu- 
racy as a sketch can bo but little questioned ; and the result of the work, as a 
whole, is no-wise disappointing. It could be wished, however, that more of the 
manufacturing establishments, stores and business blocks, could have found illus- 
tration in its pages. A few slight errors, patent to the local historian, are observa- 
ble. The most serious one is the statement, on page 15, that the meeting-house of 
the first fifty years of the town's existence was the one located on the bluff or hill 
east of the present Common, when it is well known that this one was the second ed- 
ifice for town worship, the first edifice having been erected on the common itself. 
Both houses, however, belonged to this early period. 

The Woburn B n\rd of Trade was organized March 25, 1885, with the object of 
increasing the business, population and prosperity of the town, and this wurk is its 
first publication. 

Communicated by William R. Cutter , Esq., Librarian Wuburn Public Library. 

A Suggestion as to the Origin of the Plan of Savannah. Remarks by Wir. Har- 
den before the Georgia Historical Society, Monday, Sept. 7th, 18S5. Svo. pp. 4. 
In this pamphlet Mr. Harden, the librarian of the Georgia Historical Society, 

gives good reasons for believing that " The Villas of the Ancients Illustrated," by 

Kobc/t Castell, a folio published in London in 1728, suggested to Oglethorpe the 

plfM of Savannah. 

./ Some Observations on the Letters of Amerigo Vespucci. By M. F. Force. Read 

before the Congr6s International des Americanistes at Brussels, September, 1S7 1 J. 

Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 13S5. 6vo. pp. 24. 

This is an interesting criticism of the letters of Amerigo Vespucci — or rather 
those attributed to him. We cannot examine Mr. Force's arguments in detail, but 
he certainly seems to prove — if proof is necessary — that the letters in question were 
not written by Vespucci. Truth is sure to prevail sooner or later. 

By Daniel Rollins, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

The Adventvres and Discovrses oj Captain lohn Smith, some time President of Vir- 
ginia and Admiral of New England. Newly Ordered by Ion.v Asiiton". London, 
Paris and New Yoik : Cassell & Company. Limited. Post Svo. pp. 309. Por- 
traits and Illustrations. 

This work, compiled by Mr. John Ashton, author of " Social Life in the Reign 
of Queen Anne, " Chap Books of the Eighteenth Century," and other works of a 
similar character, is an attempt to serve up for the popular taste the writings «jf the 
famous Captain John Smith. Mr. Ashton has boiled down Smith's verb >sity and 
collated his various histories into a continued narrative, beginning with his parent- 
age, and ending with the post-mortem adjudication of his estate. In a great part of 
the work Smith's exact language is retained, and the whole work is gotten up in 
the same vein as the "My Lady Pokahontas " of Mr. John Esten Uooke. Fur 
popular information it is admirably adapted, and will tend to increase the interest 
universally felt in this "thrice memorable adventurer.'' It contains, however, 
nothing new of historical or antiquarian interest, nor do we incline to the belief 
that Mr. Ashton intended it for the gratification of antiquaries. It is embellished 
with the well-known portraits of Smith and Pocahontas, and lac-similes of the 
original illustrations in his works. 
By Charles E. Banks, M.D., of Chelsea, Mass. 

_ The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. Vol. XI1L— History of Mexico. Vol. V. 

1821 — 1861. San Francisco : A. L. Bancroft & Company, Publishers. 1585. 

8vo. pp. xiii. and 812. 

We have already noticed, with marked commendation, the great enterprise of Mr. 
Bancroft in the long series of volumes which he is publishing upon the various 
countries bordering upon the Pacific Coast. A literary scheme so wide and cui- 
prehensive as his, it is rare to find in any country, and readers are more and more 
convinced that it is not simply to cover an immense reach of time and space that 
these volumes are prepared, but that they hold the real history of these countries, 
the facts of which have been gathered with immense labor and care. The present 
volume of 812 pages, arranged in thirty chapters, the fifth volume of the Mexican 



128 



Booh Notices. 



[Jan. 



History", covers the period from 1821 to 1861, including, of course, the exciting pe- 
riod of the war between the United states and Mexico. One more volume, as we 
understand, will complete the Mexican History. 

By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D , of West Newton, Mass. 

A Sketch of the Life and Works of Loammi Baldwin, Civil Engineer. By George 
L. Vqse, Hay ward Professor of Civil and Topographical Engineering in the Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Technology. Boston: Press ol George H.Ellis. 1885. 
8vo. pp. 28. With a heliotype portrait. 

"There were," says the author of this pamphlet, *' few works of internal im- 
provement carried on during the first thirty years of the present century with which 
Mr. Baldwin was not connected ; and his two great works, the government dry- 
docks at Charlestown and at Norfolk, stand to-day unsurpassed among the engi- 
neering structures of the country." Prof. Vose considers him the " Father of Civil 
Engineering in America." And yet very little concerning him is known to the 
present generation. The author has done well to collect from scattered sources the 
details of his life and preserve them in these pages. Mr. Baldwin's father, who 
bore the same christian name, and his brother James F. (Reg. xix. 97), were also 
distinguished as engineers. 

Chairs of Neiv England Governors. By the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M. 

Boston : The Society's House, 18 Somerset Street. 1885. 8vo. pp. 8. 

This is a "Report made at the annual meeting of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, January 7, 1885, on the acquisition of memorial chairs, which 
had belonged to distinguished governors of the several New England states, to 
occupy the dais of the public hall of the Society." It is reprinted from the annual 
proceedings for 1835. The governors are John Hancock of Massachusetts, Ililand 
Hall of Vermont, Israel Washburn of Maine, Marshall Jewell of Connecticut, 
Charles H. Bell of New Hampshire, and John Brown Francis of Rhode Island. 
Biographical sketches of each are given. 

Inauguration of the Perry Statue, September 10, A.D. 1885. With the Addresses 
of William P. Sheffield and the Remarks on Receiving the Statue by Governor 
Wetmore and Mayor Franklin ; with the Speeches at the Dinner, and an Appen- 
dix. Newport, R. I. : John P. Sanborn, Publisher. 1885. 8vo. pp. 60. 
On September 10, 1835, a notable company assembled at the inauguration of the 
Perry Statue in Newport, It. I. The beloved Bishop Clark was the chaplain of the 
day. Our great historian, Hon. George Bancroft, was present and made an elo- 
quent address. The oration was by Hon. \V. P. Sheffield, chairman of the com- 
mittee, who gave a vivid account of the battle of Lake Erie. He was followed by 
Governor Wetmore and Mayor Franklin, Justices Blatchford and Durfee, and 
Admirals Rodgers, Aliny and Luce, who also made interesting addresses. The 
church, the civil authority and the navy were well represented on the occasion. 
Many distinguished men and fair women were present in the audience. They all 
honored themselves by gathering on the anniversary of the battle of Lake Erie to 
pay their respects to the memory of the departed hero. 

There stands the beautiful and life-like statue opposite the house in which Perry 
lived It is fitting that his own state should remember the services which he ren- 
dered. Oliver Hazard Perry has an enduring fame as the first American officer who 
captured a British squadron. We know how bravely he fought on his Hag-ship 
the Lawrence, until all his cannon were dismounted and all but eight of his crew 
were killed or wounded. He then put off with a boat's crew for the Niagara, which 
was now to be his flag-ship. Signal was given to break the enemy's line, and the 
Niagara bore down upon the British centre, discharging broadsides into the De- 
troit, Queen Charlotte, Chippewa, Lady Provost and the Hunter. She was followed 
by the rest of the American squadron, the battle became general and lasted three 
hours. The British line of battle was broken, their decks were strewn with the 
dying and the dead, and they could hold out no longer. Perry went aboard the 
Lawrence and received their surrender. He then visited the wounded Barclay, the 
English commander, and tendered him and the wounded on both sides every service 
in his power. Neither did he forget the reverent burial of the dead. This brilliant 
victory was not easily gained, for he fought British veterans who had served under 
Lord Nelson at Trafalgar. Sheer hard work and bull-dog tenacity — qualities inhe- 
rent in English blood wherever found — won the battle. Perry then wrote the histo- 
ric lines to Gen. Harrison, " We have met the enemy and they are ours." Terse 



1886.] Book Notices. ' 129 

and vigorous message, showing the author to be a man of action, not of words. In 
bis despatch to the Secretary of the Navy he mentioned the capture of all the ene- 
my's squadron, namely : two ships, two Origs, one schooner and one sloop. This 
was a \erv important victory in our second war for Independence, as Edward Eve- 
rett used to call it, for it was a turning point in our affairs in the north-west. Per- 
ry did not live long to fullill the promise of his early manhood, for at the age 
of thirty-four he was attacked with yellow fever at the island of Trinidad, and died 
there August '23, 1619. His gallant spirit returned to Him who nave it. His mor- 
tal body found a temporary resting place at Port Spain, but was afterwards re- 
moved on a man-of-war to Newport in his native state. Like the great Napoleon 
he sleeps in the land he " loved so well." 

" Hark, how the. sacred calm that breathes around, 

Bids every fierce, tumultuous passion cease ; 

In still small accents whispering from the ground, 

A grateful earnest of eternal peace." 
By Daniel Rollins, Esq., of Boston. 

History of the Goodricke Family. Edited by Charles Alfred Goodricke. Lon- 
don : Printed for the Editor by Hazell, Watson and Viney. Limited. 1835. 
Imp. Svo. pp. 62. 

Miscellanea Marescalliana, being Genealogical Notes on the Surname Marshall. Col- 
lected by George William Marshall, LL.D. Vol. II. Part I. Exeter, 1665. 
8vo. pp. 142. 

Genealogy of the Family of George Weekes of Dorchester, Mass., 1635-1650: with 
some Information in regard to other Fa/nihes of the Name. By Robert D. Weeks. 
1885. Press of L. J. Hardham, Newark, N. J. 8vo. pp. 468. Price $3 in cloth ; 
higher prices for extra binding. 

Phillips Genealogies, including the Family of George Phillips, First Minister of Wa- 
tertown, Mass. [and Other Families]. Compiled by Albert M. Phillips. Au- 
burn, Mass. 1685. 8vo. pp. 233. 

Descendants of the Brothers Jeremiah and John Wood. Compiled by William S. 
Wood, Supt. City Schools, Seymour, Ind. Worcester, Mass. : Press of Charles 
Hamilton. 1835. 8vo. pp. 292. 

Descendants of Peter Willemse Roome. 1683. 8vo. pp. 348-f-62. 

Th" Bontecou Genealogy. A Record of the Descendants of Pierre Bontccou, a 
Huguenot Refugee from France in the Lines of his Sons. Compiled by John E. 
Morris. Hartford, Conn. Press of Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company. 1635. 
Svo. pp. 271. 

Leighton Genealogy. An Account of the Descendants of Capt. William Leighton 
qfKittery, Maine. By Tristram' Frost Jordan, of Metuchen, N.J. Albany, 
N. Y. : Press of Joel Muneell's Sons. 1885. 8vo. pp. 127. Price $1. 

Genealogical Memoranda. Snively. A.D. 1659— A. D. 18S2. Compiled and Ar- 
ranged by (Rev.) William Andrew Snively (S.T.D.). Brooklyn, N. Y. Print- 
ed for Private Circulation. 1883. Sm. 4to. pp. 77. 

Genealogy of the Perrin Family. Compiled by Glover Perln. St. Paul : Pioneer 
Press. 1885. 12mo. pp. 224. 

The Genealoqy oj the Family of Gamaliel Gerould, Son of Dr. Jaques (or James) 
Jerauld of the Province of Lauguedoc, France. Bristol, N. H. Enterprise Power 
Press Co. 1885. 8vo. pp. 85. Price $1. 

Sketch and Genealogy of the First Three Generations of the Connecticut Haydens. 

-" With a Map showing the Locality in which they Settled. By Jabez H. Havden, 
of Windsor Locks, Conn. Hartford, Conn. Press of the Case, Lockwood & 
Brainard Company, 1665. 8vo. pp. 20. 

Genealogical Notes. 1. American Ancestry of U. S. Grant. By Dr. II. E. Robin- 
son. Privately Printed. 1685. 18mo. pp. 17. Only 50 copies printed. 

The Doings at the First National Gathering of Thurstons at Newburyport, Mass., 
June 24, 25, 1865. Portland, Me. : Brown Thurston, Publisher. 16b5. 8vo. 
pp. 75. 

Second Annual Reunion of the Hartwell Family. 1865. 8vo. pp. 15. 
Hamlin. 1665. Royal 8vo. pp. 4. - 



130 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Hampton Lane Family Memorial. A reprint of the Address at the Funeral of Dra. 

Joshua Lane of Hampton, N. H. (who was kithdby lightning, June 14, 17(10), by 

his son Dea. Jeremiah I^ane of Hampton Falls, with Sketches of his Ancestry and 

Families to the fourth generation from William Lane of Boston. Mass., 1651. By 

Rev. Jas. P. Lane. Norton : Printed by Lane Brothers. 1SS5. 18ino. pp. 35. 

Price 25 cents, for sale by the Rev. J. P. Laue, Norton. 
The New England Royalls. By Edward Doubledav IIarris. Boston : David Clapp 

& Son, Printers. 1635. Royal 8vo. pp. 27. 

We continue this quarter our notices of recently published genealogical works. 

The Goodricke family, which heads our list, is the work announced in our Jan- 
uary number as in preparation. Our expectations of it have been fully realized. 
The author, Mr. Goodricke, of London, has been very successful in collecting from 
public and private records, printed books and other sources, ample materials illus- 
trating the history of this prominent English family, which is here traced in an 
unbroken line to 1493. Families have "been seated in the Counties of Lincoln, 
Suffolk, Cambridge, Norfolk and York. The book has a special interest in this 
country from the connection of Gov. Richard Bellingham with this family (Register, 
xxxvi. 361-6), from which the American GoodrieAes are probably an offshoot. 
Tabular pedigrees and full biographies of the more prominent members of the 
family are given. The book is handsomely printed, and illustrated by portraits of 
Thomas Goodricke, bishop of Ely, 1534, and the Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Goodricke, 
bart., ambassador to Spain, 1681-3, and other engravings. A few copies only re- 
main in the author's hands. 

Miscellanea Mariscalliana, the next book, is the first part of a second volume of 
the work noticed by us April, 1884, of which fifty copies were printed for presenta- 
tion to institutions and friends. Dr. Marshall has for about a quarter of a century 
been collecting genealogical facts relative to his family name. 

The Weeks genealogy is a work of much labor, and is carefully compiled. The 
descendants of George Weekes fill more than half the volume, and the index takes 
about fifty pages. The rest is devoted to other families of the name in various parts of 
the country. The book is well printed and bound, and is illustrated by numerous 
portraits and autographs. 

The Phillips volume contains, besides the posterity of the Rev. George Phillips, 
of Watertown, among whom are many distinguished characters, descendants of 
Ebenezer of Southboro", Thomas of Duxbury, Thomas of Marshfieid, John of 
Easton, James of Ipswich, and others. Till this book appeared, the fullest account 
of the Phillipses was in Bjnd ? s Watertown. The volume is compiled with great 
care, has many fine portraits, and is well indexed, well printed and well bound. 

The volume on the Wood family is a very full record of the descendants of two 
brothers, Jeremiah Wood of Littleton, and Dea. John Wood of Framingham. The 
"writer of this notice knows that much labor has been spent in gathering materials 
for this book, and the success which has crowned Mr. Wood's labors is a reward for 
his perseverance under the apparently hopeless prospect which met him in his in- 
vestigations in the early generations. The book is well arranged and has good 
indexes. It is illustrated by a number of fine portraits. 

The author of the book on the Roome family is P. R. Warner, Esq., who is 
maternally descended from it. The immigrant ancestor, Peter Willemse Roome, 
was married in New York, Nov. 26, 1684, to Hester Van Gelder. The author has 
been very successful in obtaining a full record of their descendants, which he pre- 
sents to his readers in clear typography. The book is well indexed. 

The Bontecou volume is devoted to the posterity of Pierre Bontecou, a merchant 
of Rochelle, who was driven by persecution from France, and after staying awhile 
in England settled in 16o9 in New York. The descendants recorded in this hand- 
somely printed volume number one thousand. There is here a history of the name, 
which is said to be of Dutch or Flemish origin, and appears in the form of Bontekde. 
The book has a good index. 

The Leighton genealogy is by Mr. Jordan, the author of the Jordan book noticed 
by us in October, 1882. Besides the descendants of Capt. Leighton it contains notes 
of the families of Frost, Hill, Bane, Wentworth, Langdon, Bragdon, Parsons, 
Pepperrell, Fernald and Nason ; and also brief memoirs of Major Charles Frost of 
Kittery, and Capt. John Hill of Berwick, Me. The book is well arranged, printed 
and indexed. It is illustrated with portraits. 

The volume on the Snively family relates to the descendants of Johunn Jacob 
Selmebele, who was born in Switzerland in 1659, and to avoid persecution came, in 



1886.] 



Deaths. 



131 



1714, to America, Fettling in Lancaster County, Pa. The basis of this work is a 
Genealogical Register by Joseph Snively, published about twenty years ago. in 
which «uuie of tiie elder data were preserved. The author of the present work, the 
Rev. Dr. Snivelly, has added much to it and has had it neatly printed in a volume. 

The Perrin volume is compiled by Asst. Surgeon General Perin. U.S.A., of Fort 
Snclling, Minn. It contains the descendants of John Perryn who settled at Brain- 
tree, and afterward removed to Rehoboth, where he died Sept. 13. 1674. The w<>rk 
is well arranged, with an iudex of christian names. Blank pages with headings 
for additions are interspersed through the volume. 

The Gerould genealogy is by the Rev. Samuel L. Gerould, of Goffstown, N. H., 
well known as a painstaking antiquary. Dr. Jaques or James Jerauld, the stirps 
of this family, was a Huguenot, who settled in Mediield, probably in the beginning 
of the last century. The descendants of his grandson Jabez, who reside mostly in 
Pennsylvania, have held several quinquenniel meetings, and this volume is the re- 
sult of action at the last meeting, September, 1834. It is well arranged and printed, 
and lias three indexes. 

The next genealogy, that of the Hayden family of Connecticut, descended from 
William Hay don, an early settler of Hartford, gives three generations, both in 
narrative and in tabular form. 

Dr. Robinson's pamphlet on Gen. Grant's ancestry is the first of a series of 
Genealogical Notes. It was first published in the Republican, Maryville, Nodaway 
Co., Mo., Aug. 13, 1885. The first person to trace Gen. Grant's ancestry to his 
immigrant ancestor, Matthew Grant of Windsor, was Hon. Richard A. Wheeler of 
Stonington, Ct. (Register, xxi. 174). The present pamphlet is a reliable and in- 
teresting compilation. 

The Thurston pamphlet gives the proceedings at the gathering of that family at 
Newburyport, June 24, 1S85. The opening address was by Hon. Ariel S. Thurston, 
of Elmyra, N. Y., as were also the remarks at the site of the old homestead, '• A 
history of the Thurston Genealogies," by Brown Thurston, of Portland, Me., was 
read by Rev. John R. Thurston. 

The Hartwell pamphlet contains the exercises at the meeting of that family at 
Concord, Mass., Sept. 18, 1885. Remarks were made by L. WTDensmore, of Hi 11s- 
boro' Centre, X. H., who is preparing a genealogy of the name, and by other promi- 
nent descendants of William Hartwell of Concord. 

The leaves on the Hamlins are by the late Professor Charles E. Hamlin, of Cam- 
bridge, and were prepared as material for Mr. Daniels, of Oxford, Mass., now en- 
gaged on a history of that town, and are printed for preservation. 

The Lane pamphlet is described in its title. Rev. Mr. Lane deserves the thanks 
of his relatives for reprinting the funeral sermon and adding the genealogical 
appendix. 

The Royall genealogy is reprinted from the Register for October last, with large 
and important additions. Before Mr. Harris undertook his task, the genealogy of 
the Royall family was very imperfectly known, and it required extensive research to 
reduce it into order. 



DEATHS. 



John Saltoxstaxl Clark, of Peoria, 111., 
died March 12, 18S5, aged 6G, and was 
buried in Oakland Cemetery, Geneseo. 
He was born at Waltham, Mass., 27 
Sept., 1820, the eldest surviving son of 
William 7 Clark, who died at Geneseo, 
111., 16 Aug., 18G9, aged SO, who was the 
onlv child of Dr. William 8 Clarke of 
Waltham, who died 18 Oct., 1793, aged 
39. The latter was a nephew of Rev. 
Jonathan and Elizabeth (Clarke) 4 May- 
hew. John S. Clark was of the eighth 
generation from Doctor John Clarke and 
wife Martha (Saltonstall?) of Boston. 



He leaves by wife Catharine Stanley, 
who d. 22 March, 1877. three children: 
William Osgood 9 Clark, of Peoria; 
Clarissa P., 9 wife of Samuel C. Dickson 
of Monmouth, 111. ; George Il.» Clark 
of Minneapolis, Minn. There are other 
members of this old family still resident 
in Boston, descended from Samuel 3 
Clarke, who died 31 Jan., 1748, aged 
about 7-5, and whose snip- yard was at 
the foot of Forster's Lane (or Clarke 
Street) , Xorth End. 

I. J, Geeenwood. 



132 



Deaths. 



[Jan . 



John Hassam, Esq., died in Boston, Aug. 
3, 1SS-5, aired nearly 76 years. lie was 
born in Manchester, Mass., Sept. 4, 
1809, and was the eldest son of Capt. 
Jonathan 4 Hassam, a retired shipmaster 
and a lineal descendant of William 1 
Hassam, "who settled in Manchester 
about 1684, through Jonathan, 2 William 3 
and Jonathan 4 (see Register for Oct., 
1870, xxiv. 4 1 4). He came to Boston 
when a lad of fourteen and learned the 
trade of a book-binder, but soon after 
attaining his majority, began to turn his 
attention to real estate, and, after a 
brief residence in New York, finally 
established himself in Boston as a real 
estate broker. In this field, his pru- 
dence, forethought and business sagacity 
soon brought him well deserved success. 
During the later years of his life he 
had practically retired from active work 
and devoted himself principally to the 
care of trust property and the manage- 
ment of estates. He was greatly re- 
spected for his integrity and unswerv- 
ing honesty, and as executor and 
administrator settled many valuable 
estates. By his wife Abby, a daughter 
of Capt. Amos Hilton of Manchester, 
Mass., he had two sons and a daughter, 
all born in Boston, who survive him. 

William John Thoms, F.S.A., the found- 
er and for many years the editor of Notes 
and Queries, died at his house, St. 
George's Square, Belgrade road. Lon- 
don. England, Saturday, Aug. 15, 1S85, 
aged 81. He was buried at Brompton 
cemetery, on the Thursday following, 
Aug. 20. His son in law, the Rev. E. 
M. Tomlinson, vicar of Holy Trinity, 
Minories, read the burial service at whe 
church which Mr. Thoms had attended 
(St. Mary's church, St.Vincent Square) 
and at the grave. His eight sons and 
daughters and their children were pre- 
sent, also many distinguished men, 
among them Joseph Knight, the present 
editor of Notes and Queries, and Norman 
McColl, the editor of the Atkenmum. 
Mr. Thoms, was a son of Nathaniel and 
Ruth Ann Thorns, was born November 
16, 1803, and baptized at St. Margaret's 
Church, Westminster, on the loth of 
December following. His father was 
secretary of the first Commission of 
Revenue Inquiry. 

Mr. Thoms commenced his ac- 
tive life as a clerk in the Secretary's 
office, Chelsea Hospital, occupying his 
leisure in contributing to the Foreign 
Quarterly Review and other periodicals. 
He was elected a Fellow of the Society 



of Antiquaries in 1S3S, and was from 
that year to 1873 secretary of the Cam- 
den Society. His first publication, "A 

Collection of Early Prose Romances,*' 
appeared in 182S. The titles of 

works will be found in " Men 
Time," from which work and Note* and 
Queries, Aug. 22, ISS5, this obituary has 

been compiled. free use being made of the 
language. In 1SG3 he was app< Luted 
deputy librarian of the House of Lords, 
a post he resigned in 1882 in conse- 
quence of old age. In IS 19 he projected 
Notes and Queries, the first number of 
which appeared November 3d. in that 
year (Reg. xxxviii. 3.37). He edited 
the work till Sept., 1S72, nearly twenty- 
three years. This periodical is perhaps 
his best monument. He was able to 
make the work a success from the 
personal regard felt for him by a large 
circle of literary friends. His suc- 
cessor in the editorial chair of Notes 
and Queries gives this estimate of his 
character : 

" A sound and an accurate scholar, the 
close ally during more than half a cen- 
tury of the best English and foreign 
scholars, Mr. Thoms had in an eminent 
degree the serviceable gift of knowing 
where information was to be found. 
This quality, invaluable in a librarian as 
well. as in an editor, rendered him es- 
pecially serviceable to the members of 
the House of Lords, with many of 
whom he was on terms of close and hon- 
orable intimacy. His genial fancy and 
humor and his social gifts render . i him 
a favorite in all companies, while such 
were his good nature, his kind-hearted- 
ness and tact, that he was mixed up in 
no archaeological feud or quarrel, and 
preserved through his life a re:?rd of 
intimacies and friendships uncroken 
and undiversirled by a single quarrel. 
Mr. Thoms was before all thine- 3 -ru- 
dent. The stores of his admirably fur- 
nished mind were at the service of any 
one engaged in earnest work ; but he 
was retiring in nature, little .riven to 
promiscuous hospitality, and little ad- 
dicted to the life of clubs. Few- rlzures 
were less familiar than his at the Athe- 
naeum Club, of which durin- many years 
he was a member. In religion a mo- 
derate High Churchman, and in oolities 
a strong Conservative, he held aloof 
from polemics, and he frequently, under 
a sense of official responsibility, ab- 
stained from voting when a Government 
opposed to his sympathies wa3 in 
power." 







1 



'■ 







i 



i -¥, 






*-as.j°oo 



iCLkJ ^^ 



ji^s, 



THE 

HISTORICAL A3D GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1886. 



MEMOIR OF ASHBEL WOODWARD, M.D. 

By P. H. Woodward, Esq., of Hartford, Conn. 

THE death of Ashbel Woodward, M.D.,* of Franklin, Connec- 
ticut, December 20, 1885, closed a long, laborious and emi- 
nently useful career. Dr. Woodward was born June 26, 180-1, in 
Willington, Conn., the ancestral farm lying on the border line, 
partly in that town and partly in Ashford. Graduating at the Med- 
ical Department of Bowdoin College in May, 1829, he settled two 
months later in Franklin, where he continued to reside till the end. 

As a physician Dr. Woodward was noted for quickness and accu- 
racy of perception. In the sick room nothing escaped his attention. 
He was especially successful in desperate cases, detecting with the 
rapidity of intuition the slightest change in the condition of the pa- 
tient, and anticipating every emergency. 

The estimation in which he was held by medical brethren is shown 
by the trusts confided to him, and the distinctions conferred upon 
him. Besides filling many other positions, he was, from 1858 to 
1861, president of the Connecticut Medical Society. His annual 
addresses on "Life," "Medical Ethics," and "An Historical 
Sketch " of the Society, attracted much attention at the time, and 
are still remembered. He was also from its formation an active and 
deeply interested member of the American Medical Association, and 
an honorary member of several state societies. 

In the early days of the Rebellion he wa3 appointed . by Gov. 
Buckingham one of the board to examine surgeons for the volunteer 
regiments of the state. Into the conflict for the preservation of the 
union he threw his feelings and efforts with the ardor which charac- 
terized all his undertakings. As the drain upon the resources of the 
country became more pronounced, he decided to go to the front him- 
self, and as surgeon of the 26th Conn, shared in the siege and cap- 

* Ashbel Woodward was the seventh in descent from Richard Woodward, who embark- 
ed in the ship Elizabeth at Ipswich, England, April 10.1634, and whose name is on the 
earliest li-t of proprietors of Watcrtown, Mass. The Woodward genealogy is given in Dr. 
Henry Bond's History of Watertown. 
VOL. XL. 13 



134 Memoir of Ashbel Woodward, M.D. [April, 

ture of Port Hudson. He was then nearly sixty years of aire, and 
his friends attempted to discourage the purpose on the ground that 
he was too old to bear the privations and hardships of life in camp. 
Indeed the warnings nearly proved true, for on his return home, 
after serving out the term of enlistment, he was long and danger- 
ously ill with malarial fever. 

Although driven with professional work, Dr. Woodward in some 
way found time to accomplish much with the pen. In addition to 
the addresses already referred to, he contributed numerous papers 
which are preserved in the " proceedings " annually published by 
the Connecticut Medical Society. At the request of the family of 
Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, he prepared a biography of that early martyr 
for the union, whose skill as a soldier was not less conspicuous than 
his devotion as a patriot. He had previously written a memoir of 
Col. Thomas Knowlton, a grand uncle of Gen. Lyon on the mater- 
nal side. Col. Knowlton commanded the continentals stationed be- 
hind the rail fence at Bunker Hill, and was killed in battle at Har- 
lem Heights, September 16, 1776. Joel Munsell, of Albany, in 
1878, published a small volume written by Dr. Woodward, upon 
" Wampum " — a subject to which he had given long attention. As 
a member of the committee of arrangements, he took an active part 
in the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the settlement 
of the town of Norwich, September 7th and 8th, 1859, and for the 
book containing the records of that event, furnished the paper on 
the "Early Physicians of Norwich.'' 

October 14, 1868, the Congregational Church of Franklin cele- 
brated the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of its organization, 
when Dr. Woodward delivered the historical address. This was 
afterwards expanded into a "History of Franklin." 

Dr. Woodward had great fondness for local historical, and espe- 
cially for genealogical, investigations. His knowledge of the line- 
ages of old New England families was extensive and at instant com- 
mand. His writings on this class of subjects are to be found in the 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, and in other 
publications. 

During life he was a collector of rare books, pamphlets, coins, 
Indian relics and autographs. In accumulating a library he made 
a specialty of town and county histories, and of monographs on im- 
portant events.* 

In the early autumn of 1879 the neighbors of Dr. Woodward, on 
a sudden impulse, improvised a social gathering to celebrate the 
semi-centennial anniversary of his settlement amor.g them. Infor- 

* Dr. Woodward was one of the most thorough and reliable of our New England anti- 
quaries. He had accumulated a vast fund of information upon family and local history, 
particularly of his native state, which he was always readv to communicate to thr.se en- 
gaged in investigating these subjects. He took much interest in the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, of which he was elected a corresponding member in 1853. He man- 
ifested his interest in the Register by subscribing for two copies of the work and con- 
tributing many valuable papers for its pages.— Editor. 



1886.] Memoir of Ashbel Woodward, M.D. 135 

mal verbal invitations were passed from one to another to meet at his 
residence on the afternoon of September 5th. Short as w as the no- 
tice, people came in throngs from near and far till the house was 
filled, while the overflow mingled in conversation on the lawns and 
beneath the trees without. Some drove fifteen miles and more. 
The enclosures, swarming with vehicles and animated groups, pre- 
sented an appearence as picturesque as it was unusual. The day 
proved to be one of rare beauty, cool for the season, coming and 
going in cloudless splendor. Floral testimonials decorated the ta- 
bles, including several of rare flowers and of elaborate arrangement. 
As the shadows from the western hills began to fall across the valley, 
the Eev. C. F. Jones, from the front steps, in the presence of the 
guests, addressed Dr. Woodward in a few sentences expressive of 
the esteem and affection of the community. 

I have been commissioned to the pleasant duty of making the presenta- 
tion address to you. You have outlived nearly all who began practice with 
you as your cotemporaries. To have lived long is a distinction, but to 
have lived well is a still greater distinction, and that distinction we regard 
as yours. Few occupations afford more oppoitunities for doing good than 
that of a physician. We recognize your sincerity, integrity and profes- 
sional enthusiasm. In summer and winter, sunshine and storm, by night 
and by day, you have gone over these hills and through these valleys, seek- 
ing to relieve distress, prolonging many lives and affording much happiness. 
Faithful, true and self-sacrificing, you have endeared yourself to many, and 
it is with thanks that we gather here to-day. We desire to recognize your 
services in public affairs, educational, civil and religious. Through your 
writings, professional skill and reputation, you have honored this commu- 
nity. It is with sentiments of this kind that I am commissioned to present 
to you this testimonial of our affection, esteem and enduring friendship. 
May it be an emblem of the strong, unbending attachment of those gath- 
ered here. 

Dr. Woodward was then presented with an elegant gold-headed 
ebony cane. On it was engraved : 

1829. 

Presented to 

Ashbel Woodward, M.D., 

as a memorial 

of 50 years 

of professional 

service. 

1879. 

In accepting the gift, the recipient with much feeling made a few 
personal remarks, substantially as follows : 

I came here fifty years ago with an uncertain future before me, but I 
desired success only on the condition that I should be fully qualified for the 
practice of my profession, and should so discharge its duties as to entitle 
me to the favor of my employers. I posted no bills; I had no runners ; 
I did not advertise. I procured a shingle, but did not put it out. I never 
sought business. The favors which came were spontaneous. But I do not 



136 Memoir of Ashbel Woodward f 31. D. [April, 

stand here to boast. My career with you has been a living epistle to be 
read by all. And now I desire to thank you most sincerely for the gift 
which you have placed in my hands. Nothing could be more appropriate 
for an antediluvian to lean upon than a trusty statF. I shall esteem it a 
precious reminder of your favor. 

Hon. La Fayette S. Foster, a native of Franklin and ex-United 
States Senator, then added a few words appropriate to the occasion, 
after which refreshments were served. 

During the active career of Dr. Woodward, great changes were 
effected in the distribution of the intellectual and social energies of 
New England. In relative importance and prosperity the country 
towns steadily declined. Early in the century divines of conspicu- 
ous ability labored contentedly in rural parishes, while physicians of 
eminent skill found ample scope for ambition in serving the scattered 
population around them. Meanwhile the development of manufac- 
tures and the construction of railways have accomplished a revolution. 
Shadowed by growing cities, rural communities must now struggle 
to avoid palpable retrogression. So preponderant are the centrifu- 
gal forces, that from many the old family names, with their tradi- 
tions and pride, have well nigh disappeared. Dr. Woodward pre- 
ferred rural scenes. Located in a quadrangular valley of remarka- 
ble beauty, amid orchards and vines of his own planting, devoted to 
his profession and to his home, he could heartily quote the remark 
often repeated by the venerable Samuel Xott, D.D., whose resi- 
dence crowned the neighboring hill, and whose pastorate in Frank- 
lin, beginning in 1782, covered a period of sixty-five years, " Our 
lines are cast in pleasant places." 

There are solid reasons for believing that the fortunes of our coun- 
try towns will ere long experience a marked and permanent re- 
vival. Indeed, at various points the improvement has already 
made substantial headway. The West, which has remorselessly 
drained us of our youth, is filling up. She n<^ longer offers bound- 
less areas of virgin soil to tempt immigration. At home the finan- 
cial extravagance displayed in the government of cities, enhancing 
both directly and indirectly the cost of living, will more and more 
direct attention to the fair fields and limpid brooks once threatened 
with desertion. What is lost in the heroic virtues by the withdrawal 
of the hard conditions of the past, will be made up by the growing 
cultivation of the beautiful. Gardens will bloom, art will be pur- 
sued, homes will be made lovely, the surroundings of life will be- 
come attractive, where communities now find difficulty in keeping 
alive the religious and educational institutions establ'ihed by the 
fathers. 

From early manhood Dr. Woodward was a member of the Con- 
gregational Church of Franklin, and never wearied in efforts to sus- 
tain and strengthen it.. He was not only a devout but also an un- 
questioning believer in the teachings of Christianity. His last Sun- 



1886.] A Suggestion as to Henry Jacob. 137 

day on earth found him in his accustomed place, officiating as 
deacon. 

During his long term of active service Dr.AVoodward ministered in 
sickness to at least six successive generations, and from the begin- 
ning to the end commanded the unqualified confidence of his client- 
age. Often appealed to for counsel and guidance, he was never 
known to discuss or even mention a matter that came to his knowledge 
in the sacredness of professional intercourse. Scrupulous in per- 
forming the work of each day, thorough in all undertakings, intol- 
erant of sham and pretense, direct in aims and methods, he pursued 
uncompromisingly the paths marked out by his conceptions of duty. 
In some respects he seemed to belong more to a former age than to 
the present. On the maternal side inheriting from a clerical ances- 
try the stern theological opinions of early New England, Dr. Wood- 
ward himself in beliefs, sympathies and character, was a marked 
survival of the Puritans. 

His wife (Emeline Bicknell), to whom he was married in May, 
1832, with two sons, survive him. 



H 



A SUGGESTION AS TO HENRY JACOB. 

By the Rev. Edward D. Neill, of St. Paul, Min. 

ENRY JACOB, the first Congregational minister in London, 
Wood, in A-thence Oxonienses mentions, entered Saint Ma- 
ry's Hall, Oxford, A.D. 1579, at the age of sixteen, took Holy 
Orders, was precentor of Christ Church College, and in the last 
years of his life pastor of the Independent Church in London, but, 
that while he died at about the age of sixty years, he did not know 
in what place. 

Neal, in History of the Puritans, writes that Jacob, with the 
consent of his church, about the year 1624, went to Virginia, where 
he soon died. After a search of twenty-five years the writer of this 
article has found no trace of him in Virginia. In March, 1623, the 
ship Sea Flower, on its way to Virginia, while in Bermudas harbor, 
was blown up by the careless communication of fire to the powder 
magazine, and eighteen lives were lost. 

In Leroy's Bermudas there is a letter from London, to the gover- 
nor of the Island, in which are these words: "The poor woman, 
the widow Jacob, doth still follow and importune us for the restitu- 
tion of those goods of hers." The first thing on her inventory was, 
"a black gown lined with fur." The governor replied that he could 
learn nothing of the gown, but he was told that the divers found a 
very great chest, which in attempting to put into a boat, slipped 
into the sea and was lost. 

May not Henry Jacob have been one of the eighteen drowned by 
the explosion of the Sea Flower ? • 

VOL. XL. 13* 



138 President Wilder $ Address. [April, 



ADDRESS OF THE HON. MARSHALL P. WILDER. 

Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Neav England Historic Genealogical Society, 

January 6, 1886. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

This is the Nineteenth time you have called me to the presidency 
of this Society. Most gratefully do I appreciate the honor so 
repeatedly conferred, and only regret that I have not more strength 
and ability to discharge acceptably the duties incumbent upon me. 
But whether in the chair or out, I shall most cheerfully bring into 
service such as I may possess, while my lite continues. 

Men die ! One generation passeth away and another cometh, 
but institutions live, and those who survive must carry on their 
work. Thus it hath been, thus it shall be. "We who live come 
together to-day to concert measures for the prosecution of our work. 

Since our last anniversary we have to- mourn the loss of thirty- 
nine members who have passed over to the spirit-land where life 
shall never cease and history never end. The average age attained 
by them is seventy -three years three months and twenty-seven days, 
still maintaining the remarkable longevity of our deceased members. 
Two members have passed the age of ninety, and none were less 
than fifty years old. Their names and characters will be recorded 
and reported by our historiographer, but I deem it proper to allude 
to some of those who have been officially connected with us, or were 
otherwise distinguished for their services in behalf of the public 
good. 

Among those w r hom we desire to recall to mind for their eminent 
services in our behalf, are two vice-presidents and three directors. 

The venerable Hiland Hall, LL.D., vice-president of the Society 
for Vermont, was the author of a history of that state, had been its 
governor and had represented it in Congress. He had reached the 
age of over ninety at the time of his death. 

Mr. Edward Kidder, our honorary vice-president for North 
Carolina, was a warm friend of my own of long standing, a useful 
member of society, and a business man of the strictest integrity. 

.Mr. Frederic Kidder, more recently deceased, a brother of the 
preceding, the second treasurer of this Society, and a director of 
many jears, did much to build it up in its early days, and labored 
for its prosperity as long as his health permitted. 

Rear Admiral Geo. Henry Preble was a director, and, for a long 
course of years, one of our active members. His services to his 
country as a brave officer, and to literature as a voluminous writer, 
will long embalm his memory. 

Mr. Henry Edwards was for many years chairman of our Finance 



1886.] President Wilder' s Address, 139 

Committee and a director of the Society ; a man of most estimable 
.character in all the relations of life. He was in years one of our 
oldest members, an active merchant of former days, of distinguished 
ancestry, devoted to benevolent works, amiable in disposition, a true 
christian gentleman and friend of humanity. 

Mr. Isaac Child, a former treasurer of the Society, who had 
reached the ripe age of ninety-three, was of all our members the 
oldest with possibly one exception. 

Among my intimate friends I will name Messrs. Charles O. Whit- 
more, William Parsons, Joseph W. Tucker, and the Hon. Charles 
R. Train, with whom I have been pleasantly associated for a long 
course of years. 

Nor should we forget the Rev. Samuel Irenaius Prime, D.D., 
the editor of the JVeiu York Observer, distinguished as an author ; 
the Hon. Edward A. Rollins, a benefactor of Dartmouth College; 
Prof. Benjamin Silliman of Yale College ; the Hon. Caleb Stetson, 
the Hon. Nathan Crosby, LL.D., the Rev. Samuel C. Damon, 
D.D., the devoted missionarv in Honolulu; Mr. John A. Lewis, 
Ashbel Woodward, M.D., and Franklin B. Hough, M.D., LL.D., 
the last five of whom have done much work in the specialties of this 
Society. 

And still another, greater than the rest, and for whose recent 
death the £reat heart of our nation still throbs with grief. Our 
Honorary Member, Gen. L T lysses S. Grant, ex-President of the 
United States, the great soldier, has passed on to the Final Review 
above, where his peaceful soul shall no more be disturbed by the storms 
and convulsions of earth and the revulsions of party and the crimes 
and criticisms of men, where war shall never lift its bloody hand, 
where peace eternal reigns. The whole nation mourns his death. 
The South and the North clasped hands over his bier, and mingled 
their tears in token of gratitude to the memory of him who saved our 
land. It wa. Grant who brought victory to the Union cause. A 
sense of justice demands for him an earthly immortality. We 
assign him a place among the illustrious men of our age who are 
entitled to the gratitude of mankind, whose worthy deeds shall bless 
the world long after they have passed away. He rests in the bosom 
of the land he loved, on the banks of the beautiful Hudson, a spot 
which will be forever dear to the generations of American freemen. 

Thus one by one we pass away ! The fell Destroyer, regardless 
of worth or wealth, of rank or power, consigns to the bosom of 
mother earth the nearest and dearest objects of our home and love, 
and casts a gloom over the remainder of life. But thanks to a mer- 
ciful God, they still live with Him, where we shall ta united with 
them again, where sickness, death and parting will come no more. 

Though lost to sight, they never die, 
The spirit still is ever nigh. 

In my last address I made known to you that I had obtained 



140 President Wilder s Address, [April, 

subscriptions to the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars for the 
enlargement of our House, and advised the appointment of a Build- 
in^ Committee for this purpose. This subject was referred to the 
Board of Directors with full powers, but the location of the new 
Court House immediately in front of our House has arrested our 
progress, not knowing what effect this might have on our property 
in the future. This money has all been collected and is now avail- 
able for that purpose. 

By the reports which are to be submitted to-day, it will be seen 
that our Society is in a very healthful and progressive state. The 
same spirit and personal sacrifice and enterprise still exist, which 
have characterized the past, and from which rich harvests of histori- 
cal knowledge are continually acquired. The judicious management 
of our funds has given full assurance that bequests and donations 
will be sacredly appropriated to the object for which they have been 
given. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, the 
organ of the Society, has now entered the fortieth year of its pub- 
lication. This series of volumes contains a vast amount of material 
on the history of the country and particularly of New England. I 
would recommend that all members of the Society and others in- 
terested in historical studies subscribe for this work, which has 
received the commendations of competent critics. By so doing they 
will enable the publishing committee to add to the interest of the 
work, as all moneys received for it are expended on the publication. 
With the issue of every volume the Register becomes more and more 
valuable. A complete set now commands more than one hundred 
and fifty dollars. 

The use of the library still continues to increase, and visitors from 
all parts of the Union avail themselves of the opportunity that it 
offers them to investigate American history, biography and gene- 
alogy. Though the additions to the library have been large during 
the past year there are still important deficiencies, which, if more 
money were at our disposal, could be supplied. We need also more 
funds for binding books and periodicals. Would that some generous 
60ul might endow the Society with more funds for this purpose. 

I again congratulate the Society on the great success which is 
attending the researches now making in England under its auspices 
by Mr. Henry F. Waters. His discovery during the past year of 
the ancestry of John Harvard, a problem which antiquaries for 
more than forty years have in vain attempted to solve, is a most 
remarkable achievement, and well deserves the honorary degree 
which Harvard College conferred upon him at the last Commence- 
ment. These investigations are of great importance, and I trust 
that funds sufficient to carry them on uninterruptedly for a series of 
years may be speedily raised. I again commend this most worthy 
project to the members of this Society, and refer them to the report 



1886.] President Wilder 's Address. : 141 

of Mr. Hassam, chairman of the committee in charge of the matter, 
for fuller details. 

I have on two previous occasions referred to the publication of 
our early Suffolk Deeds. The third volume has now been printed 
by authority of the Board of Aldermen of the City of Boston acting 
as County Commissioners for the County of Suffolk. It brings these 
County records down to the year 1G62. These volumes are of the 
greatest importance, not merely to the conveyancer, but to every 
investigator of local and family history. The execution of the work 
reflects the greatest credit on the two members of our Society to 
whom we are indebted for it. The antiquarian zeal, the patience 
and perseverance of Mr. William B. Trask in deciphering and copy- 
ing these ancient records, and carrying the book through the press, 
we cannot too highly praise. The ingenious and thorough indexes 
prepared under the supervision of Mr. John T. Hassam make its 
contents accessible to the inquirer in every line of research. To 
Mr. Hassam the public cannot be too grateful. The idea of 
printing these volumes originated with him, and it is principally 
through his endeavors that the necessary appropriations have been 
made. 

The fourth volume in the series of " Memorial Biographies " of 
our deceased members has been published recently. A glance 
merely at the table of contents shows that the volume contains not 
a few names of men who were eminent in their day, and who exer- 
cised a permanent influence on their fellow men. The perusal of 
these memoirs demonstrates the great pains that has been taken to 
make them full and accurate. Many of these papers may well 
serve as models for brief biographies ; models both in their literary 
character and in the arrangement of the matter. The committee in 
charge of the " Memorial Biographies " inform me that they are 
making progress in securing the memoirs to be included in the fifth 
and the succeeding volumes. 

I would earnestly call attention to this series of carefully prepared 
volumes, so handsomely printed and bound. The memoirs are of 
permanent value, and are authoritative and reliable in all respects. 
The price of the volumes to members is less than the cost of print- 
ing. The edition is small, and at no distant day these volumes will 
be scarce. 

These are precious volumes, and should be possessed by all our 
members, not only by those who are connected by ties of kindred 
and blood with the men whose memoirs are here preserved, but by 
students of biography, as they embrace many of the most distin- 
guished men of our day. And I desire to remind you of the great 
obligations we are under to the Memorial Committee for the patient, 
critical, and able manner in which they have brought forth these 
elegant volumes. 

In my last address I referred to the gratifying progress of the ex- 



142 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

ploration going on under the Egyptian Fund, and I am now informed 
by its treasurer, Rev. William C. Winslow, that the progress since 
is equally flattering in its good results. He informs me that the 
second book of exploration has arrived in this country, and will soon 
be ready for distribution. In our own Society are many contributors 
to that fund, who will be glad to learn this and also that a second col- 
lection of antiquities is now on the ocean and will soon reach Boston. 
It is from Naucratis, the Greek Emporium in Egypt before Alex- 
andria was built. Mr. Petrie discovered the site last winter, and 
the collection is of great value. I again commend this subject to 
the patronage of our members. 

Celebrations to perpetuate the settlement and history of the older 
towns of New England have now become of frequent occurrence and 
great interest. Among those of the last year we may mention Con- 
cord, the home of Emerson, Thoreau, Shattuck, the Hoars, and Al- 
cott, the spot where British rule received its fatal repulse, and 
freedom's gun spoke " round the world " ; Newbury and its off- 
shoots, the home of Caleb Gushing the statesman, of Joshua Coffin 
the historian of the town, Leonard Withington the able divine, 
Adolphus W. Greely the intrepid arctic explorer, and Ben Perley 
Poore the time-honored journalist ; Hingham, the home of Gen. 
Benjamin Lincoln, who received the surrender of Cornwallis and the 
British army at Yorktown ; of our old associate Solomon Lincoln, 
its historian ; Gov. Andrew, a president of this Society ; Albert 
Fearing, and of John D. Long, now living, and the first home of 
the Wilders in America, through whom I trace our branch of lineage 
to an English ancestry. Among other town celebrations we record 
those of Salisbury, East Hampton and others, all of which will be 
preserved in the archives of this and kindred institutions. 

But the most imposing ceremony of the year, if we except the 
funeral obsequies of Gen. Grant, was the dedication of the Wash- 
ington Monument, the tallest structure of which we have any record 
in history, successfully completed under the supervision of Col. 
Thomas Lincoln Casey, of the United States Army, a member of 
this Society. A vast concourse of people from all parts of the 
Union assembled at Washington to do honor to the memory of the 
man whom this monument commemorates. But the crowning 
incident of the occasion was the oration of our associate member 
the Hon. Robert Charles Winthrop, who, thirty-seven years before, 
delivered the address on the laying of its corner-stone ; thus he 
was the orator and historian, from the corner-stone to the capstone, 
symbolic in its towering height of the character it represents. As 
Mr. Winthrop said, "The Father of -his country, and the foremost 
figure in all human history, whose example for all nations, for all 
ages, is never to be forgotten or overlooked. Our matchless obelisk 
stands proudly before us to-day in all its consummate purity and 
splendor, and will more and more command the homage of succeed- 



1886.] President Wilder'* Address, 143 

ing ages in all regions of the earth." The names of "Washington 
and Winthrop will be happily associated in the history of this 
monument until it shall have crumbled into dust. 

It is gratifying to the student of history to see the increasing 
interest now manifested by societies and individuals in local celebra- 
tions and in the prosecution of historical and genealogical researches, 
from which we are constantly reaping rich harvests of knowledge. 
I desire to express our gratitude to the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, for her noble example in the good work, and especially 
are our thanks due to Mr. Winthrop its late president, for his able 
and meritorious labors during a term of thirty years in which he has 
occupied the chair of that Society. 

We do not overlook the eminent services which have been 
rendered by his associates, and we rejoice that his chair has been 
filled by our friend the Rev. Dr. George E. Ellis, who will discharge 
its responsible duties with honor to himself and to the venerable 
Society over which he presides. 

I have frequently spoken to you of the importance and influence 
of history, and now I wish for a few moments to call your attention 
to the relations which exist between Biography and History, with 
which it is so intimately connected. Biography is the record of 
human genius, power and principle, affording examples which live 
to bless the world long after the actors have passed away. It is 
therefore our duty to gather up and preserve not only the record 
of events, but of the words and deeds of the men whose examples 
have energized mankind and controlled the moral sentiment of the 
world. History, without the story of the men and women which 
have moulded and made society what it is, would indeed be a 
barren, leafless tree. Biography is the soul of history, and is 
like a tree whose branches yield perpetual harvests, and on whose 
leaves are imprinted the wisdom of all ages. It is an old maxim 
that history repeats itself. So it does. Plutarch says, rt Avail- 
ing myself of history as a mirror from which I learn to adjust 
and regulate my own conduct, by attention to history and biogra- 
phy, I fill my mind with the sublime images of the best and greatest 
men. "When Zeno consulted the oracle as to what manner he should 
live, the answer came, ' inquire of the dead.' " Biography is the 
schoolmaster of all time, the past, present and future. "We are pu- 
pils of the past and teachers of the future, so the examples and prin- 
ciples which have influenced the world for good will be handed down 
from generation to generation. 

They speak in reason's ear 
And in example live. 

If any one will examine the thirty-nine volumes of our Register 
and the four substantial volumes of the memoirs of our deceased 
members, he will find that biography has been a prominent feature 
in our work. Every person has some influence over the men 



144 President Wilder 's Address. [April, 

with whom he associates. By preserving the events of his life 
in print, this influence is extended beyond his immediate neigh- 
borhood and beyond his own life for years after he is slumbering in 
his grave. It is desirable, therefore, and it is also the design of 
this Society, to perpetuate the events of the lives of those who have 
benefited their race, whether on a large or a small scale, and to em- 
balm their virtues in enduring words, so that their trials, industry, 
perseverance and success may strengthen the characters and cheer 
and encourage those who come after them. 

The lives of the great have always had a fascination for youth, 
and the biography of those who have been eminent in any walk of 
life, as military chieftains, as civilians or as writers, has been read 
with avidity, and has had an influence, more or less strong, upon 
the characters of the readers of this class of literature. 

Every nation takes pride in its great men, and points to them as 
examples for the guidance of the young. It is not surprising to 
find the youth of our own country tracing the careers of her heroes 
and benefactors. The Scotchman is proud of the daring deeds of 
Wallace and Bruce, and of the writings of Burns and Scott. Ireland 
honors Emmett, Curran and O'Connell ; and England, our mother 
country, teaches her young men to revere Shakspeare and Milton, 
Pitt and Nelson. American Biography presents her Washington 
and Franklin, Lincoln and Grant, Webster and Everett, Edwards 
and Channing, Emerson and Longfellow, Garrison and Phillips, 
Fulton and Morse, Morton and Jackson, Hannah Adams and Harriet 
Beecher Stowe. 

The importance and usefulness of biography has been sufficiently 
and satisfactorily settled as a matter of fact, independently of any 
theory or reasoning. An examination of any well selected library, 
either public or private, would show that a great and increasing 
interest is felt for this kind of reading, be^innin^ with the old 
classic authors of Greece and Rome, and coming down to our own 
times, when the biographies not only of the dead but of the living 
are eagerly sought for and read. 

Whenever we are reading the history of any time, or incidents of 
a revolution or civil war, or a single campaign, of the formation of 
a government, or of the peaceful development of a community, or 
wonderful discovery in art or science, we always find ourselves 
looking for information in regard to the originators and leading 
actors, their characters, traits and talents, their aims and influence. 
To be informed merely about events is wholly unsatisfactory unless 
we know something about the human forces which have directed 
them, whether by wise or stupid, good or wicked, mean or noble, 
men. In all that concerns the inner and private life of a community 
it is the career of men and women, born, trained, educated, and 
filling private spheres, that we need most to know, by careful, dis- 
criminating and impartial biographies. History would indeed be 



1886.] President Wilder's Address. 145 

useless if it gave us only a narrative of events. This fact has long 
been recognized by the most eminent and popular historians, that 
History needs the illuminating element of Biography to illustrate 
and enforce examples worthy of imitation. 

It is enough to mention Chancellor Clarendon's History of the 
Great English Rebellion, and Bishop Burnet's History of his Own 
Times. Both of these great and important works owe much 
of their charm to the keenly drawn sketches of the lives and 
characters of all the men and some of the women, who appeared 
prominently on the stage of action. The writers have shown a 
marvellous skill in delineating characters correctly, sharply and 
impartially. Their biographical sketches of character stand out on 
the page like portraits around our walls, so that we may feel ac- 
quainted with them and talk with them. 

Macaulay, as a historian, owes more to the brilliant portraitures 
of character and biography which he introduces into his sketches 
than to his narrative of events. Carlyle thought the best History of 
the English Civil War would be a life of Cromwell, its chief actor, 
drawn from his own letters and speeches ; and so we may find in 
the lives of Lincoln and Grant the best history of our own civil 
war. 

But the most striking illustration of this subject is found in the 
collection of forty-four biographies which goes by the familiar 
name of "Plutarch's Lives," written about seventeen hundred yean 
ago, those charming volumes of the character and career of eminent 
men. "We have in our literature now the biographies of many so- 
called "self-made men," men who have risen to the highest rank as 
statesmen, inventors and benefactors, who in their youth had the 
most slender opportunities of education, and who in toil and poverty 
seized every spare moment, under the impulse of latent talents and 
capacities, to improve their minds. A long list might be made 
of such men, who have ascribed the most stimulating effect on them 
to "Plutarch's Lives." Says Oliver Wendell Holmes, "Montaigne, 
Franklin and Emerson all showed a fondness for Plutarch." They, 
as well as Webster, Everett, Choate and Hillard, were all indebted 
to "Plutarch's Lives," and made that author a familiar companion. 
Thus the old and new in biography are ever furnishing instruction ; 
Emerson says, "old and new make the warp and woof of every 
moment. There is not a thread that is not a twist of these two 
etrands." 

And now, in conclusion, let me again impress on you the duty 
of prosecuting our researches in history and genealogy, and more 
especially in biography, with which they are so intimately as- 
sociated. It is a sacred duty to preserve and hand down to future 
generations, not only the lineage and history of our families, but to 
record the names and virtues of those men and women who have been 
benefactors to our race. Archdeacon Farrar, who has so lately 

VOL. XL. 14 



146 President Wilder' s Address, [April, 

honored our city with his presence, has said, "Xexttothe scriptures* 
there could hardly be found any reading more satisfactory and more 
exalting to the human heart than the contemplation of the lives of the 
saints. " So say we, not only of the great and good men and women 
who have made the world what it is, but of ail who have in any 
way promoted the welfare of mankind, of our race. 

Kext to training the spirit for the life eternal, there can be no 
more noble employment than that of treasuring up and perpetuating 
a record of the lives, principles and virtues of those who have been 
benefactors and blessings to mankind. Such were many of those 
of whom I have spoken, and whose names will gild the pages of 
American biography with a lustre, which will shine brighter and 
brighter while gratitude shall have a place in the heart of 
mankind. Of these we have striking examples of patriotism, 
discoveries in science, and startling enterprise which has set ele- 
ments in motion that are fast revolutionizing the character and 
business of mankind. Of such was Washington and his associates, 
who achieved the liberty which still lives and marches on in triumph 
and Morv through the earth. Of such was Lincoln, who, heaven- 
inspired, engraved on the pillars of our Constitution, Eternal Free- 
dom for the Slave ! Of such was Grant, who conquered the rebellion 
and brought again peace and union to our states. Of such wa3 
Garrison, who stormed the battlements of American Slavery, and 
saw them prostrate at his feet. Of such was Franklin, whose 
miraculous hand drew from the clouds the spark which now 
electrifies the globe. Of such was Morse, who taught the mystic 
wire to speak with tongues of fire all the languages of the earth. Of 
such was Fulton, who woke the spirit of the waters, and gave a new 
impulse to the commerce of the world. And last, not least, of such 
were those messengers of mercy who brought a sovereign balm to blot 
from the memory conscious suffering in the human frame. These 
and others of immortal fame have trod the paths of human glory, 
and stand out like golden stars in the constellation of American 
genius, to light the road to honor, to virtue and to renown. 

Their mission on earth is ended, but the principles they estab- 
lished and the blessings they conferred are still moving on to a more 
full and perfect development ; and as they advance toward their glo- 
rious consummation, grateful millions shall honor and perpetuate 
their names. They shall live forever in grateful hearts, until the 
last star shall have fallen from the sky, and earth itself and man 
shall have passed away ! 



1886.] Descendants ofJosiah and Catherine Upton, 147 



DESCENDANTS OF JOSIAH AND CATHERINE (HARTWELL) 

UPTON. 

By William H. Upton, B.A., LL.M., of Walla Walla, W. T. 

1. Josiah 4 UrTON* (Ebenezer, 3 Joseph * Jo/in 1 ) was born in North Read- 

ing, Mass., August 24, 1735. He married 1st, Dec. 28, 1756, Su- 
sannah Emerson, of Reading, by whom he had five sons and three 
daughters. Their descendants will be found in '* The Upton Me- 
morial." He lived in North Reading until about 1770, about which 
date he lost his wife. He then removed to Bedford, whence he 
went to Charlemont in 1778. He married 2d. Catherine Hartwell. 
Attempts to ascertain the date and place of this marriage and the 
parentage of Catherine Hartwell have been unsuccessful. The date 
must have been about 1774, and the place near Bedford, Mass. 

Josiah Upton died in Charlemont, Dec. 10, 1791. His widow 
was taken to Victor, Ontario Co., N. Y., by her children in 1799, 
and died there. Their children were : 

2. i. Sarah, 5 b. June 18, 1776 ; rn. Israel Blood. 

3. ii. James, b. Feb. 2, 1779 ; ra. Olive Boughton. 

4. iii. Joanna, b. June 13. 1761; m. Norman Brace. 

5. iv. David, b. July 2, 1783 ; in. Mary Marsh. 

2. Sarah* Upton (Josiah* Ebenezer,* Joseph, 2 John 1 ) was born at Charle- 

mont, Mass., June 18, 1776. She married Israel Blood, evidently 
at Charlemont, and shortly afterwards removed with her husband 
to that part of Bloonifield, which is now Victor, N. Y. She was in 
Charlemont in June, 1797, and in Bloomfield in April, 1799. Her 
husband was one of the first settlers in Bloomfield, now Victor, 
where we find him as early as 1797. He acquired large tracts of 
land, including what is now the Upton homestead in Victor, and died 
there highly respected, at the age of 83. His wife died aged about 
70. They had : 

i. Anna,' b. Charlemont, Mass., June 7, 1797; m. E. Calkins, and had : 
1. Silvester; 1 2. Lucy Ann; 1 Z. Eliska Avery; 7 4. Kinysby. 7 

ii. Lucy Upton, b. Bloom Held, N. Y., April 2, 1799; m. James Manwar- 
cn, and had: I. Philo; 7 2. Norman; 7 3. James; 1 4. Caroline; 7 
5. Bradley; 7 6. Joanna. 7 

iii. Rosel L., b. Bloomfield, Nov. 14, 1800; ra. Clarissa Phillips, and had 

1. Hartwell; 7 2. Norman; 7 3. Laura; 7 4. Lucy. 7 

iv. Norman B., b. Bloomfield, Feb. 4, 18G2 ; d. Albany, N. Y., aged about 

30, unm. 
v. Nathaniel Upton, b. Bloomfield, Feb. 2, 1804 ; m. Hannah Shoots, and 

had: 1. Mary; 7 2. Thomas; 7 3. Lucy. 7 
?L Stephen Hartwell, b. Bloomfield, Feb. 26, 1806; m. Louisa Knapp. 

He was living in Victor, N. Y., 1880, having had: 1. William; 7 

2. Emma. 7 

* J. A. Vinton's '* Upton Memorial," published in 1874, gives a fairly satisfactory ac- 
count of the Uptons of America, but the value of the book is diminished by some errors 
and many omission-*. Vinton's account of the descendants of this Jodah 4 Upton by his 
second wife is so incomplete that the supplemental account given in the text seems to be 
demanded. No attempt is made to give an outline of the life of Josiah 4 Upton himself, but 
it may be said that he was very prominent in the affairs of western Massachusetts during 
the l£st twelve years of his i;fe, and was well known, as a mathematician and student of the 
physical sciences. 



148 Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton* [April, 

xii. James Mitchell, b. Bloomfield, Feb. 14, 1808 ; m. Lydia Ann Nelson ; 
removed to Victor, Mich., about 1838. Ch.: 1. Norman; 1 2. Ardella. 7 

Yiii. Daniel Hartwell, b. Bloomtield, Jan. 7, 1810 ; m. Susan Turner ; re- 
moved to Victor, Mich., Jan. 1833, and took up a farm upon which 
he still resided in 1881, P. 0. Laingsburgh. Children : 1. Arhsah ; 7 
2. Samuel; 7 3. Adyarn (?) ; 7 4. Susan ; r 5. Sarah; 7 6 Eliza; 7 7. 
Charles; 7 8. Amanda; 7 9. Daniel; 7 10. Lucy ; 7 11. Ernest; 7 12. 
Carrie. 7 

ix. Hannah, b. Bloomfield, Jan. 19, 1812. 

3. James* Upton (Josiah, 4 Ebenezer? Joseph, 7 John 1 ) was born at Charle- 
mont Feb. 2 (one record says 19), 1779. He was fourteen years 
of age when the death of his father made him the main-stay of the 
family. In 1797 he went to Victor, N. Y., and worked a year for 
his brother-in-law, Israel Blood (see No. 2, ante). He then return- 
ed to Charlemont, and in the winter of 1799 (probably of 1798-9) 
" took his mother, brother, two sisters and a swarm of bees " to Vic- 
tor in an ox sledge. He bought the land where the Upton home- 
stead now stands from Israel Blood for seven dollars per acre, and 
built upon it a log house. This was burned by his brother David 
in drying flax. They then built another log house and afterwards 
a frame one. The latter was afterwards moved back, and forms the 
wood-shed of the present homestead, which wa3 built in the winter 
of 1817-18. He resided all his life in Victor, where he became 
wealthy and one of the most influential men in his county. He 
married April 21, 1808, Olive, daughter of Samuel and Lucy 
(Tracy*) Boughton, and died in 1857. His wife died April 24, 
1824. Their children! were: 

i. Achsah, 6 b. March 21, 1809: m. July 5, 1830, Dr. Hiram Thompson, 
and died leaving one child. Mariette Emeline 7 who d. unm. in 1864. 

ii. Samuel Bocghton, b. July 23, 1810 ; d. unm. April 6, 1832. 

iii. Josiah W., b. Sept. 19, 1812 ; m. Sophia Roe. 

iv. James, b. April 19, 1815 ; m. Elvira £. Hawkins. 
6. v. William W., b. July 11, 1817 ; m. Maria Amanda Hollister. 

vi. Unice, b. Dec. 25, 1818 ; d. unm. 

Tii. Edward, b. March 30, 1820: m. Achsah Thayer, who survived him and 
remarried. He d. April 19, 1863, leaving twin daughters : 1. Ara- 
bella, 7 who is living unmarried with her uncle William \V. Upton, in 

Washington, D. C. ; 2. Isabella 7 m. Hitchcock, of Oramel, 

N. Y., and d. July, 1876, leaving one daughter, born Jur.e, 1876. 
These twins never lived in W. T., as stated in the " Memorial." 

viii. Olive, b. Sept. or Oct. 19, 1823 : d. Aus;. 6, 1813, unm. 

ix. Caroline Hart, b. May 13, 1826 ; m. Floyd D. Torrance ; d. s. p. Feb. 
9, 1853. 

x. Mary Emeline, b. April 19, 1829; m. William O. Moore; d. Oct. 1, 
1879. She was one of the noblest of her sex, and was like an angel of 
mercy to hundreds of the poor and suffering living around Victor. 

xi. Maria, b. Aug. 21, 1831 ; d. June 29. 1832. 

xii. Charles E., b. July 4, 1833 ; m. Louise Racket. 

xiii. Elvira Emeline, b. May 24, 1833 ; m. her brother-in-law Floyd D. 
Torrance. 

* She was descended from Lieut. Thomas Tracy, one of the founders of Norwich, Conn. 
Most of the early Boughtons of Victor came from Stockbridge, Mass., and there is evidenco 
tending to connect them witli John Bouton, of Norwalk, Conn., 165-5. But it is claimed 
that Mrs. Upton's father, though related to the Stockbridge Boughtons, was born in Con- 
necticut. 

t It is not deemed necessary to give any further account of their descendants than may 
be necessary to correct the " Upton Memorial," as Vinton gives a tolerably full account of 
them. 



1886.] Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. 149 

4. Joanna' Upton (Josiah* Ebenczer,* Joseph, 2 John 1 ) was born at 

Charlemont, June 13, 1781. As stated above, she went to Victor, 
N. Y., with her brothers in 1799, and she resided there all her life. 
She married 1st, Norman Brace; 2d, Isaac Marsh, but had no 
children. She, however, adopted, reared and educated twenty-one 
children, including her brother David's daughter Lucy and all the 
children of her husband Marsh, and dying, left her fortune to char- 
itable uses, and a name for goodness and charity which will long be 
cherished among the descendants of those to whom she was more 
than a mother. 

5. David* Upton {Josiah* Ebenezer, 3 Joseph, 2 John 1 ) was born at Charle- 

mont, July 2, 1783. When about sixteen years of age he remov- 
ed to Victor, N. Y., with his brother James, with whom he resided 
for several years. He married, Sept. 12, 1805, Mary Marsh. She 
was born at Danbury, Vt., Nov. 9, 1786, and died on their farm in 
Rollin, Mich., Dec. 31, 1870. They removed from Victor to On- 
tario, Wayne Co., N. Y., about May, 1817. He seems to have 
lived in Walworth also, and may have resided in other parts of New 
York state, as his youngest child was born at Palmyra in October, 
1826, but he was still in Ontario in March, 1825. In 1846 he re- 
moved to Wheatland, Hillsdale Co., Mich., and about three years 
later to Rollin, Lenawee Co., where he died. Vinton says, " He 
had a large family, but their names are unknown." His children 
were : 

7. i. Olive,* b. Oct. 29, 1806 ; m. Levi Wilson. 

8. ii. Abiathar, b. Oct. 14, 1808; m. Jane Hazlett. 
iii. Joanna, b. Aug. JO, 1810. 

iv. Mary, b. Aug. 6, 1812. 

9. v. David, b. March 2, 1814 ; ra. Barbara Buckley. 

10. vi. Lucy, b. Oct. 23, 1816; m. Henry H. Taber. 
vii. Baby, b. June 14, 1818. 

11. Yin. Catherine, b. Jan. 29, 1821 ; m. Girdon Patch. 

12. ix. James M., b. March 24. 1823 ; m. Martha Hatfield. 

13. x. Mary Ann, b. March 27, 1825 ; m. Nelson Wood. 

14. xi. Cordelia, b. Oct. 30, 1826; m. William Eldridge. 

6. William W. s Upton; (James? Josiah* Ebenezer, 2 Joseph 2 John 1 ) was 

born in Victor, N. Y., July 11, 1817. Our space will not permit an 
adequate biography of Judge Upton, nor could a complete account 
of his active life be written without a discussion of burning politi- 
cal questions which would be out of place in these pages. The son 
of a wealthy farmer in a newly settled part of the state, he received 
6omewhat more than a common school education, and early ac- 
quired that love of learning and faculty for hard study which has 
always been one of his most marked characteristics. Yet his love 
was for learning, not for show, and in later life, when he was fami- 
liar with the most advanced branches of mathematics, and could 
read Latin and French as readily as English, he declined the de- 
gree of LL.D., tendered him by one of our leading colleges, on the 
ground that " he thought such distinctions should be conferred spar- 
ingly, and only upon ^those who have received a thorough classical 
education." 

Mr. Upton went to Victor, Mich., in the winter of 1837-8, but 
returned to his native town the following September, where he re- 

VOL. XL. 14* 



150 Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. [April, 

mained about a year and was married. He then, in 1840, returned 
to Victor, Mich., and was admitted to the bar. He rapidly gained 
a leading position at the bar of his adopted state, and was frequent- 
ly elected to office by his fellow citizens. He was a supervisor of 
Victor, 1840-5; surveyor of Clintou Co., 1841-5; treasurer of 
Clinton Co., 1845-7 ; and was a member of the legislature which 
made Lansing the capital. He removed to De Witt in 1845, and 
to Lansing in 1847, in which place he built the first house that was 
not of logs. He was appointed district-attorney for Ingham Co. in 
1848, and was elected to the same office for two terms of two years 
each in 1849 and 1851. Resigning this office, he left Michigan 
with his family, April 1, 1852. for California by the overland route. 
There he settled, at first at Weaverville, but in 1855 removed to 
Sacramento. He was a member of the legislature in 1856, and in 
the fall of 1861, when there were three political parties in Califor- 
nia, he was elected prosecuting attorney of Sacramento Co., which 
office he held till 1864. In the presidential contest of 1860 he was 
a Douglas democrat, but on breaking out of the war he became a 
firm supporter of President Lincoln, and he has ever since been a 
republican. In 1864 he was urged to become a candidate for con- 
gress, but the ill health of his family compelled him to remove from 
a climate which had proved fatal to his wife and three of his child- 
ren. He accordingly removed to Portland, Oregon, in the spring 
of 1865. He was almost immediately elected to the legislature of 
Oregon. In 1867 he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Oregon, and in 1868 was elected to that position for a term of 
six years. He became Chief Justice in 1872. So satisfactorily did 
he fill these offices, and so high was his reputation as a lawyer, that 
in 1872 the legislature ordered more than eighty of his nisi prius 
decisions to be printed and bound up with the decisions of the Su- 
preme Court. 

At the expiration of his term of office, financial reverses com- 
pelled him to decline a renomination and to resume the practice of 
his profession. In the presidential controversy of 1876, the vote 
of Oregon being in doubt, the republicans practically rested their 
case before the Electoral Commission upon a decision rendered by 
Judge Upton at nisi prius upon the question of the power of the 
governor of Oregon to exercise judicial functions. A majority of 
• the state Supreme Court had differed with Judge Upton, but the 

Electoral Commission by a unanimous vote sustained his view, thus 
giving the state and the presidency to the republicans. In 1877 
Judge Upton, unexpectedly to himself, was appointed Second Comp- 
troller of the Treasury of the United States, an office, according to 
Alexander Hamilton, " next to the secretary of the treasury." As 
this was practically a judicial office and a court of last resort (the 
comptroller's decisions being reversible by act of congress only), 
Judge Upton accepted the appointment with pleasure, removed with 
his family to Washington city and entered upon the discharge of his 
duties, Oct. 1, 1877. He filled the office with great credit to him- 
. self through three administrations, passing upon about 160,000 ac- 
counts and claims, involving about 3600,000,000.00. Soon after 
the inauguration of President Cleveland Judge Upton tendered his 
resignation, and on its acceptance, June 1, 1885, at the age of 08, 



1886.] Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. 151 

resumed the practice of his profession in Washington city. Early 
in 1885 he published a " Digest of Decisions of the Second Comp- 
troller of the Treasury, 18G C J to 1884," which a jurist of national 
reputation has said, "contains more law than a hundred text- 
books." 

Judge Upton married, 1st at Victor, N. Y., Feb. 8, 1840, Maria 
Amanda Hollister, eldest daughter of Hon. Joseph and Amanda 
(Adams) Hollister.* She was born at Danby, N. Y., August 13, 
1818, and died at Sacramento in December, 18-38. He married 2d, 
at East Avon, N. Y., March 20, 1860, Marietta, daughter of Am- 
asa and 'Alida Ann (Ketcham) Bryan. 

Judge Upton's children have been as follows. By wife Maria 
Amanda : 

i. A Son, 7 b. and d. at Victor, Mich., March, 1843. 

15. ii. James Boughton, b. Victor, Mich., March. 19, 1844; m. Anne Amanda 

Shaw. 

iii. Charles Backus, b. De Witt, Mich., Dec. 18, 1845. He went to Cali- 
fornia with his parents in 1852, graduated at the Sacramento High 
School in 1£(>5, removed to Portland, Oregon, whore he was admitted 
to the bar, and was successively deputy sheriff, deputy prosecuting 
attorney and deputy U. S. attorney. He practised his profession with 
marked success, both iu Portland and at Walla Walla, W. T., to 
which place he removed about. 1878. He has travelled and read much, 
and is a man of liberal ideas, a large land owner, and unmarried. 

iv. Marietta, born at Lansing, Mich., March 4, 1648. She lived with her 
father in Michigan, California, Oregon and Washington, and died in 
the latter city, Oct, 1, I860, unm. In this young lady, whose lite was 
devoted to the happiness of those around her, all the strongest and 
noblest qualities of her family seem to have united and reached their 
highest development. With all the intellectual power of her father, 
she inherited from her mother all those gentler graces of mind and 
heart which are the crowning ornament of her sex. With mental 
training- which enabled her to fit one brother for Yale College and 
another for West Point, and social accomplishments which made her 
a favorite in the best society in the land and charmed all who knew 
her, she found her favorite occupation in relieving the sufferings of the 
poor and the afflicted. Short as was her life, who can measure the 
good she accomplished, or the effects of her life and example upon 
those who were brought withifi their influence ! 

v. Charlotte, b. Lansing, Mich., March 18, 1850 ; d. there the same year. 

16. vi. William Henry, b. Weaverville, Cal., June 19,1854; m. Georgia L. 

Bradley. 

17. vii. George Whitman, b. Sacramento, June 1, 1857; in. Harriet Taylor. 
viii. Daughter, b. and d. in Sacramento, Dec. 1858. 

By wife Marietta : 
ix. Alida Bryan, b. Sacramento, May 21, 1861 ; d. there July 12, 1862. 
x. Victor Bryan, b. Sacramento, Oct. 12, 186-1 ; d. there Feb. 27, 1665. 
xi. Ralph Richard, b. Portland, Oregon, June 12, 1569; resides with his 
parents at Washington, D. C. 

7. Oliye 6 Uptox (David,* Josiah,* Ebenezer? Joseph, 2 John 1 ) was born 
at Victor, N. Y., Oct. 29, 1806, and there married Levi Wilson, 

* Mrs. Upton's line of descent was: Maria Amanda, 3 Joseph, 7 Joseph, 6 Joseph, 5 Joseph, 4 
Joseph, 3 John, 2 John. 1 The wife of her grandfather Joseph 6 Hollister was Patience 6 Hol- 
lister (Nathaniel, 5 Gideon, 4 Thomas, 3 John,' 2 John'). Mis. Upton also descended from 
Richard Treat, Wethersticld, 1637; William Goodrich, a first settler at Wcthersfield; 
Matthew Marvin, one of the proprietors of Hartford; William Hiils, Roxbury, 1632; Rich- 
ard Lyman, Roxbury, 1631; John White, Boston, 1632; Hugh Mould, New London, 16G0 ; 
John Coyte, Salem, 1638; Nathan Disbrow, of Fairfield ; John Talcott, Boston, 1632; Ed- 
ward Hoiyoke, Lynn, 1630; and William Pynchon, Roxbury, 1630. Her mother was of 
an Adams family which settled at Redding, Conn. 



152 Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton, [April, 

Feb. 14, 1827. After a short residence at Victor they removed to 
Ferriugton, N. Y., whence they went to Lyons, Mich., in the au- 
tumn of 1832. A few years later they removed to Ovid or Cold- 
water, Mich., where they were still residing in 1880. Their child- 
ren have been : 
i. Caroline, 7 b. Victor, N. Y., June 2, 18-28 : d. aged 1 year 4 mos. 
ii. Emeline, b. Ferrington, N. Y., Jan. 25, 1831 ; 'm. Sept. 27, 1819, He- 
man A. Russel. They were living ac Ovid, .Mich., in 1880. Children : 
1. Charles, 8 b. March 20, 1853, m. Au<r. 1874, Calista L. Fenner, and 
had Fenner E., 9 b. Oct. 1875 ; 2. Nelson C., 8 b. Ovid, Jan. 11, 1858 ; 
3. Jessie* b. Ovid, April 7, 1866. 
iii. Mary, b. Ferrington, Aug. 26, 1832; m. Sept. 27, 1857, Wilsey Quim- 
by. They lived at Ovid, Mich., in 1869, where their children seem to 
have been born, viz. : 1. Mary* b. Aug. 21, 1858, m. Loren E. Coff- 
man, had one daughter ; 2. Adah* b, March 29, 1859 ; 3. Wilsey E., s 
b. Aug. 24, 1863 ; 4. Wilson R.* b. July 6, 1865 ; 5. Dora* b. June 
24, 1870; 6. John E.* b. Jan. 23, 1873, d. Jan. 19, 1875. 
iv. Charles, b. Lyons, Mich., Aug. 11, 1835; m. July 4, 1868, Ann Arm- 
• strong, at Ovid, Mich., where he lived 1880, having one child: Nor- 
man £.* b. Sept. 1873. 
v. Catherine, b. Ovid, Mich.. April 1, 1839 ; d. Sept. 1847. 
vi. George Homer, b. Ovid. Nov. 25, 1844 : d. aged 3 years 3 mos. 
vii. David Upton, b. Oct. 26, 1851 ; m. at Coldwater, Mich., Aug. 24, 1874, 
Annette Reed. They seem to have iived at Ovid. He d. Jan. 2, 1880, 
leaving one child : Bermce* b. Ovid, 2, 1875. 

8. Abiatiiar 6 Upton (David* Josiah,* Ehenezer? Joseph, 2 John 1 ) was 

born in Ontario Co., N. Y., October 14, 1808. He received a good 
education and was a farmer, at least until his 33d year. He mar- 
ried, about 1840, Jane Hazlett, who was born in Scotland and came 
to this country with her parents when a child. He seems to have 
settled in Michigan. His children, "born during the first years of 
his married life," were: 

i. Margaret. 7 

ii. Mary, evidently b. in Ontario Co., N. Y., about 1844; m. Sept. 1861, 
Lyman Hodges, who lived in Bath, Mich., 1881. Children : 1. Luel- 
la* b. June~28, 1862 ; 2. Ethie* b. July 5, 1864 ; 3. Archie* b. May 
18, 1866; 4. Alice* b. May 8, 1874. 

iii. Jane, b. Ontario Co., N. Y., May 20, 1846; m. at Rome, Mich., Dec. 
22, 1870, Rodolphus Lagore, a painter and furniture tinisher of Adri- 
an, Mich., in which town they resided in 1881, with one child, Wil- 
liam* b. Sept. 16, 1871. 

iv. Esther. 

v. Joanna, m. Nov. 29, 1863, Fred. A. Maltman. Children : I. Edna* 
b. Nov. 13, 1669 ; 2. Jennie* b. Feb. 15, 1871 ; 3. Mark H.* b. May 
6, 1873; 4. Irving* b. Oct. 18, 1875 ; 5. Rodolph* b. Nov. 2, 1879. 

Vi. ^YlLLIAM. 

vii. Thomas A. 

9. David 6 Upton {David* Josiah* Menezer? Joseph 2 John 1 ) was born 

in New Y'ork state, probably in Victor, March 2, 1814. He mar- 
ried Oct. 16, 1844, Barbara Buckley, of Walworth, N. Y., and in 
1846 removed to Michigan. The following year he located on the 
farm in Rome, Mich., where he still resided in 1880. In January, 
1880, he had a partial stroke of paralysis, but it left his mind unim- 
paired. His children have been : 

i. Caroline, 7 b. in Michigan, Oct. 5, 1847; m. Jan. 1, 1667, William A. 

Griffin. They live in Rollin, Mich. Children: 1. Ida May,* b. Oct. 

5, 1807; 2. Nellie S.* b. Feb. 10, 1879. 
ii. Olive, b. Dec. 30, 1813 ; in. July 4, 1670, Joshua W. Linsncr, of Rol- 



1886.] Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. 153 

lin, Mich. Children: 1. Laverna? b. Oct. 7, 1872; 2. La Monte, 9 
b. April 29, 1879. 
18. lil. Charles Marsh, b. Dec. 30, 1850 ; m. Hattie L. Maxon. 

10. Lucy 6 Upton" (David? Josiah* Ehenezer? Joseph, 7 John 1 ) was born 

at Victor, N. Y., October 28, 1816. At the age of six months she 
was taken by her parents to Ontario, N. Y., but when seven years 
old returned to Victor, where she was one of the children reared 
and educated by her aunt Joanna* (Upton) Marsh (So. 4, ante). 
She remained there eleven years. She taught district school four 
years, keeping a select school during vacation. She married Henry 
H. Taber, April 25, 1839. They removed to Wheatland, Mich., 
in May, 1842. About 1865, in order to be where they could edu- 
cate their children, they exchanged their 160 acres of land in 
"Wheatland for 206 acres adjoining the city of Adrian, Mich., and 
they were living upon the latter farm in 1880. They have had: 

i. Norman B., 7 b. in Ontario Co., N. Y., May 31, 1840. He went with his 
parents to Michigan, ra. 1st, July 4, 1661, at Wheatland, Myra Hur- 
ley or Hawley, and settled in Piusford, Mich. They had one child: 
Lillian M.? b. Feb. 1, 1663. In 1880 she was a student in Adrian. 
He m. 2d, Hattie Darriel, of Wawconda, 111. 

ii. Mary E., b. Wheatland, Oct. 9, 1844; d. April 9, 1846. 

iii. Adelbert, b. Wheatland, Sept. 9, 1850; removed with his parents to 
Adrian ; was educated at Adrian College ; m. Dec. 31, 167-, Ellen M. 
Gunsolas, daughter of the proprietor of the Adrian Mills, and in i860 
had one child : Lena AT, 8 b. April 20, 1676. 

iv. Henry H., b. Dec. 13, 1851 ; was educated at Adrian College; m. Dec. 
25, 187-, Hettie, daughter of Edwin Lainmoreaux, of Rome, Mich. In 
1880 they lived in Adrian and had one child : Bertha, 9 b. Oct. 20, 
1874. 

v. Sio-NE, b. Wheatland, June, 1855 ; d. Aug. 19, 1856. 

11. Catherine 6 Upton (David? Josiah* Ehenezer, 3 Joseph, 2 John 1 ) was 

born at Walworth, N. Y., Jan. 29, 1821 or 1822. She lived there 
with her parents until 1844, when she went to Michigan, where she 
married, Jan. 1, 1846, Girdon Patch, of Bethel, Mich. They have 
had: 

i. Freeman D., 7 b. Oct. 11, 1846 ; m. Oct. 23, 1665, Angeline Elliott, and 

had : Flora 9 b. July 15, 1871. 
ii. Eugene, b. June 3, 1852; m. Julv 2, 1871, Melissa Piatt. Children: 

1. Emera* (a eon), b. Feb. 10, 1873 ; 2. June 9 b. Dec. 15, 1876. 
iii. Dolly B., b. April 1, 1862. 

12. James M. s Upton (David? Josiah* Ehenezer? Joseph? John 1 ) was 

born March 24, 1823, probably in Ontario, Wayne Co., N. Y. He 
removed to Michigan and married, Dec. 17, 1852, Martha Hatfield, 
of Wheatland, in which town he died, April 27, 1873. His widow 
and daughter were living in Wheatland in 1880, P. O. Hudson. 
James M. Upton's children were: 

i. Adelbert, 7 b. Rollin, Mich., June 22, 1858 ; d. Sept. 14, 1859. 

ii. Juxie, b. June 27, 1864. 

iii. James, b. Wheatland, May 3, 1872 ; d. Oct. 27, 1874. 

13. Mary Ann 6 Upton (David? Josiah, 4 Ehenezer? Joseph? John 1 ) was 

born in Ontario, N. Y., March 27, 1825. She was educated at 
Walworth Corners, N, Y., and went to Michigan with her parents 
in 1846. Here she married 1st, in September, 1847, Nelson Wood, 
a merchant, formerly of Wayne Co., N. Y. He died Sept. 1C, 1849. 



154 Descendants of Josiah and Catherine Upton. [April, 

She married 2d, March 27, 1853, Shepherd Weter, of Palmyra, 
Mich. Her children were, by Nelson Wood : 
i. Nelson Z., 7 b. Nov. 16, 1848 ; d. Feb. 1850. 
By Shepherd Weter : 

ii. Sdepherd, b. Jan. 4, 1854 ; educated at Adrian College. 

iii. Arabell, b. July 16, 1855; in. Harross Freeman, of San Francisco, af- 
terwards a merchant at Richmond, Mich. They have : Maggie* b. 
Dec. 15, 1876. 

iv. James E., b. April 9, 1857: was educated at Adrian College, and in 
1880 was a farmer at Palmyra, Mich. 

V. Nelson C, b. April I. 1859; received a classical education at Adrian 
College, graduated 1880 and began the study of law in Adrian. P. O. 
Lenawee Junction. 

vi. David E., b. Nov. 16, 1862. 

vii. Cora M., b. March 4, 1865. 

14. Cordelia 6 Upton (David* Josiah, 4 Ehenezer* Joseph, 2 John 1 ) was 

born at Palmyra, N. Y., Oct. 30, 1826. She went to Michigan with 
her parents in 1846, and there taught school from 1846 to 1855, 
when she married William Eldridge, of Branch Co., farmer. They 
removed in 1859 to Boon Co., 111., in 1869 to Franklin Co., la., in 
1879 to Logan, Kansas. They have three children: 

i. Catherine P., 7 b. Aug. 28, 1859. 
ii. Nellie, b. Feb. 22, 1861. 
- iii. Charles, b. Sept. 12, 1863. 

15. James Boughtox 7 Upton ( William W., 6 James? Josiah, 4 Ehenezer, 3 

Joseph, 2 John 1 ) was born in Victor, Mich., March 19, 1844. He 
lived in Michigan and California with his father. He graduated at 
the High School in Sacramento and was admitted to the bar there. 
He removed to Portland, Oregon, soon after his father did, and went 
from there to Oregon City. In 1869 he returned to Portland, and 
was for four years in the real estate business in connection with his 
profession, devoting much time and money to the promotion of emi- 
gration from the eastern states and Europe to Oregon. In 1873 he 
removed to Washington County, but returned again to Oregon City. 
In 1876 he retired from practice and took up his residence at Ore- 
town, Oregon, which has since been his home except during about 
two years when large business interests required his presence in 
Colfax, W. T. He married Nov. 9, 1869, Anne Amanda Shaw, of 
Oregon City, by whom he has five children : 

i. Charles Samuel, 8 b. at Portland, Au^. 9, 1870. 

ii. William Wesley, b. at East Portland, May 31, 1872. 

iii. Anna Maud, b. in Washington Co., Oregon, Feb. 3, 1874. 

iv. Jay Hollister, b. at Colfax, W. T., April 23, 1879. 

v. Mary Etta, b. at Oretown, Oregon, Jan. 7, 1882. 

16. William Henry 7 Upton (William IT., 6 James, 5 Josiah 4 Ebenezer* 

Joseph 2 John 1 ) was born in Weaverville, Cal., June 19, 1854. Hav- 
ing pursued his preliminary studies in Portland, Oregon, he received 
a classical education at Yale College, where he graduated in 1877. 
He then entered the office of Hon. R. W. Thompson, Secretary of 
the Navy, where he remained nearly three years. Entering the 
Law School of Columbian University, he graduated LL.B. in 1879, 
and LL.M. in 1880. In the latter year, having previously been 
admitted to the bar, he resigned his position, formed a professional 



1886.] Church Records of Farming ton, Conn. 155 

partnership with his brother Charle3 B., and removed to Walla 
Walla, W. T., where he has since been in active practice. 

Several large collections of MSS. relating to the genealogy, Eng- 
lish and American, of the Uptons and allied families,* having come 
into Mr. Upton's possession, he has become, little by little, a kind 
of registrar or universal secretary for many of these families. He 
is always glad to receive or furnish data relating to any of them. 

He married at Washington, D. C, June 23. 1881, Georgia Lou- 
ise, youngest daughter of the late Samuel William Bradley, of 
Olean, N. Y., by his wife Aditha (Barr) Bradley, and hastwo 
children : 

i. William Hollister, 8 b. Sept. 21, 1882. 
ii. George Bradley, b. June 20, 1885. 

17. George Whitmam' Upton ( William IK, 6 James, 5 Josiah* Ebenezer? 

Joseph, 7 John 1 ), who was known as George Washington Whitman 
Upton till 1876, was born at Sacramento, Cal., June 1, 1857, and lived 
with his father in California and Oregon. In 1876 he was appointed 
.« s by President Grant a cadet at large to West Point. He remained 
at the Academy nearly four years, but on the death of his sister in 
1880, resigned and went to live with his father in Washington city. 
There, having declined a lieutenancy in the army, he received an 
appointment in the War Department, which he held until, having 
graduated at Columbian University, he was admitted to the bar. 
In 1884 he married Harriet, only daughter of Hon. E. B. Taylor, 
M.C., and, having formed a professional partnership with his father- 
in-law, settled in Warren, Ohio, where he now resides. 

18. Charles Marsh 7 Upton (David,* David, 5 Josiah, 4 Ebenezer,* Jo- 

seph, 2 John 1 ) was born in Rome, Mich., Dec. 30, 1850. He mar- 
ried, July 14, 1872, Hattie L. Maxon. To this intelligent and ac- 
complished lady the writer is indebted for invaluable assistance in 
compiling this account of the descendants of David 5 Upton. 

Mr. and Mrs. Upton reside near Geneva P. 0. in Rome township, 
Mich., and in 1880 had two children : 

i. Pauline, 8 b. July 7, 1873. 
ii. Olive, b. Sept. 19, 1877. 



CHURCH KECORDS OF FARMINGTON, CONN. 

Communicated by Julius Gay, A.M., of Farmington, Conn. 
[Continued from page 33.] 

Deaths. 

Septr. 15, 1776 Departed life Huldah Andruss. 

Septr. 17, 1776 Departed life a Child of Hannah Davis. 

Septr. 19, 1776 Departed life Sarah Daugh r of James Root. 

Septr. 22, 1776 Departed life Moses Whiting Bull — young Lad. 

Septr. 24, 1776 Departed life Will™ son of Will m Wadsworth. 

Septr. 26, 1776 Departed this life Abigail, Daug r of Jon th Bull 

Jun r . 

• Viz.: Adams, Bonghton, Bouton, Bradley, Goodcll, Goodrich, Hale, Hart well, Hill 
Hollister, Stewart, Talcott, Tracy, White, Williams and other families. ' 



156 



Church Records of Farming ton, Conn. 



[April, 



Septr. 27, 1776 

Octr. 5, 1776 

Octr. 15, 1776 

Octr. 15, 1776 

Octr. 17, 1776 

Octr. 23, 1776 

Octr. 29, 1776 

Octr. 30, 1776 

Novr. 3, 1776 

Novr. 11, 1776 

Novr. 14, 1776 

Novr. 24, 1776 

Novr. 1776 

Jany. 11, 1777 

Jany. 19, 1777 

Jany. 20, 1777 

Jany. 21, 1777 

Jany. 1777 

February 2, 1777 

February 3, 1777 

February 7, 1777 

Febry. 10, 1777 

Feby. 15, 1777 

Feby. 17, 1777 

Feby. 18, 1777 
Feby. 21, 1777 
March 1, 1777 
March 3, 1777 

March 1777 
March 10, 1777 
March 15, 1777 
March 29, 1777 
April 10, 1777 
April 13, 1777 
April 14, 1777 
April 16, 1777 

April 16, 1777 
April 18, 1777 
May 2, 1777 
May 1777 
May 13, 1777 
May 19,1777 
July 22, 1777 
August 24, 1777 
August 26, 1777 
August 27, 1777 
August 28, 1777 
Septr. 1, 1777 
Septr. 7, 1777 



Departed this life Noadiah son of Joseph Bird. 

Departed this life Wid° Sarah Gridley. 

Departed this life Maj r Simeon Strong. 

Departed life Widow Ruth Lewis. 

Departed life Elizabeth Wadsworth. 

Departed this life the Wife of Samuel Bird. 

Departed this life a Child of John Hamlin. 

Departed life a Child of John Hamlin. 

Departed life Samuel Scott. 

Departed this life Daniel Woodruff. 

Carried to y e grave a Babe of Joshua Woodruff. 

Departed life a Child of Lieut. John Hamlin. 

Departed this life Aaron North. 

Departed life Jou th Ingham — young man. 

Departed this life Charles Curtiss. 

Departed this life Solomon North. 

Departed this life Jemima Stedman. 

Departed life at N. York, Lot Portter. 

Departed this life Colo. John Strong. 

Departed this life Abijah Woodruff. 

Departed this life the Wife of Capt. Hotchkiss. 

Departed this life Asahel Woodruff. 

Departed this life Widow Chestina Woodruff. 

Departed this life Susana Dagr. of Wid. Abigail 

Wadsworth. 
Departed this life W m son of Bethuel Norton. 
Departed this life Capt" John Newell. 
Departed this life the Wife of Dea n Noah Porter. 
Departed life Susanna a Babe of Asahel Wads- 
worth. 
Departed this life a child of Doct r Tim Hosmer. 
Departed this life Eliasaph Dorchester. 
Departed this life James Hart. 
Departed life Mary Daughter of John Portter. 
Departed this life Samuel Woodruff. 
Departed this life the Wife of Salmon Root, 
Departed this life Oliver Stevens. 
Departed life Samuel son of Lieut. Elnathan Grid- 
ley. 
Departed this life the Wife of Wise Barns. 
Departed this life Ezekiel Woodruff. 
Departed this life Daniel Hart. 
Departed this life Docf Josiah Hurlbutt. 
Departed this life Martha Woodruff. 
Departed this life Sybil Warner — young woman. 
Departed life a Babe of Solomon Weltou. 
Departed this life Abel Andruss. 
Departed this life Erastus son of Roswell Stevens. 
Departed this life a Child of Mr. Kenedy. 
Departed this life George Welton. 
Departed this life a Child of Elijah Goodrich. 
Departed life the Wife of Ens n James Luske. 



1886.] Church Records of Farming ton, Conn. 



157 



Septr. 18, 1777 
Septr. 19, 1777 
Septr. 19, 1777 
Octr. 13, 1777 
Octr. 22, 1777 
Novr. 13, 1777 
Novr. 24, 1777 
December 3, 1777 
Januy. 12, 1778 
Febv. 25, 1778 
March 21, 1778 

1778 

March 21, 1778 
April 5, 1778 
May 5, 1778 
May 31, 1778 
Novr. 16, 1778 
December 21, 1778 
March 26, 1779 
March 29, 1779 
May 28, 1779 
June 9, 1779 
July 13, 1779 
August 1, 1779 
August 4, 1779 
August 8, 1779 
Sept. 15, 1779 
Septr. 27, 1779 
Novr. 20, 1779 
December 6, 1779 
Decbr. 9, 1779 
Decbr. 15, 1779 
Decbr. 30, 1779 
Jany. 12, 1780 
Jany. 19, 1780 
Jany. 30, 1780 
Febr. 1780 
Febry. 12, 1780 
April 2, 1780 
April 6, 1780 
May 29, 1780 
May & June 27 & 7, 

1780 
June 14, 1780 
June 23, 1780 
July 10, 1780 
July 15, 1780 
August 13, 1780 
August 13, 1780 
Decbr. 17, 1780 
Decbr. 18, 1780 



VOL. XL. 



15 



Departed life the Wife of Solomon Whitman, Esq. 

Departed this life a Child of Joseph Root. 

Departed this life Eunice Newell. 

Departed this life Josiah North. 

Departed life a Child of Israel Freeman. 

Departed this life a Babe of Joshua Parsons. 

Departed this life a Child of Jesse Curtiss. 

Departed this life wid: Lewis, of Da 1 Lewis. 

Departed life John Livy son of Mr. John Lewis. 

Departed life Israel a young mulatto man. 

Departed this life Benjamin Andruss. 

Departed this life Asa Brownson in y e Army. 

Departed life the Wife of Ezekiel Hosford. 

Departed this life a Babe of Oliver Woodruff. 

Departed this life a Babe of John Woods. 

Departed this life a Babe of Joshua Woodruff. 

Departed this life Jonathan Gridle\\ 

Departed this life John Root. 

Departed this life Wid Mary Newell. 
Departed life a Babe of Doct r Asa Johnson. 
Departed life a Babe of Solomon Cowles. 
Departed life a Babe of Elisha Woodruff. 
Departed this life Widow Anne Porter. 
Departed life the Wife of John Porter. 
Departed life Wid Elizabeth Newell. 
Departed this life Joseph Hawley. 
Departed this life Tabitha Rose. 
Departed this life a Child of Simeon Hamlin. 
Departed life Widow Anna Woodruff. 
Departed this life Wid° Eunice Lee. 
Departed this life the Wife of James Gridley. 
Departed this life Huldah Wadsworth. 
Departed this life W m son of W m Wadsworth. 
Departed this life a Child of Benjamin Welton. 
Departed this life Samuel Bird. 
Departed life W m a Babe of Asahel Wadsworth. 
Departed life a Child of Isaac Ingham. 
Departed life Lucy Keyes. 
Departed this life Mercy Smith. 
Departed life a Babe of Joshua Woodruff. 
Departed this life Mr. Noah Andruss. 

Departed life two Babes of Eleazer Curtiss. 
Departed this life the Wid: Mary Portter. 
Departed this life the Wife of Daniel North. 
Departed this life Deacon Timothy Porter. 
Departed this life James Bishop. 
Departed this life the Wife of W ra Hooker. 
Departed this life the Wid: Eliz th Sedgwick. 
Departed this life Abra m son of Joshua Parsons. 
Departed life Sarah Woodruff Dr. of Joshua Par- 
sons. 

[To be continued.] 



158 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [April, 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

Communicated by Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, England. 
[Continued from p. 49-1 

Dorothy Lane of London, widow, 17 January, 1605. My body to be 
buried in the parish church or churchyard of S l Dunstans in the East, Lon- 
don, where I am a parishioner. To Susan Harrys, daughter of my late son 
in law William Harrys, late of Wappiug in the County of Middlesex, mari- 
ner deceased, and of Dorothie my daughter, late his wife, ten pounds. To 
George Stake, son of my late sister P^lizabeth, thirty shillings. To my cousin 
Jeffery Thorowgood twenty shillings. To my cousin Beniiet Burton twenty 
shillings. To my cousins Elizabeth and Sara Quaitmore, daughters of 
Rowland Quaytmore and of my said daughter Dorothie, his now wife, rive 
pounds apiece. To the said Rowland Quaytmore, my sou in law, thirty 
shillings to make him a ring. To Helen Avereil, late wife of William Ave- 
rell, Schoolmaster, deceased, my small joyned chair with a back. To the 
said Dorothie Quaytmore,* my daughter, and William Harrys, her son, and 
to the heirs of the said William Harrys, the son, lawfully begotten, all those 
my two tenements and two acres in Saffron Waldeu in the County of Essex, 
which late were Symon Burton's, my late brother's deceased, the said 
Dorothie Quaytmore & William Harrys her son to pay out to Samuel 
Harrys, son of my said daughter Dorothie Quaytmore, ten pounds upon 
reasonable request, within two months next after such day or time as the 
said Samuel Harrys shall attain and come to the lawful age of twenty-one 
years, and unto Jane and Joane Burton, daughters of my said late brother 
Symon Burtou of Saffron Walden aforesaid, five pounds apiece within four 
years next after such day or time as my said daughter Dorothie & William 
her son or her heirs or assigns shall first enter and enjoy the said two ten- 
ements, &c. To Susan & Dorothie Harrys, daughters of my said daugh- 
ter Dorothie Quaytmore (certain bequests). To Mary Quaitmore five 
pounds. To my cousin Elizabeth Quaytmore (certain table linen) and to 
Sara Quaytmore her sister (a similar bequest). To Mary & Sara' Thorow- 
good, daughters of my cousin Jeffery Thorowgood, twenty shillings. To 
Richard Weech of London, merchant, twenty shillings. The residue to my 
daughter Dorothie and she and the above named William Harrys the son 
appointed full & sole executors. The said Jeffery Thorowgood & Richard 
Weech appointed overseers. To my cousin Walter Gray five shillings, 
and to his wife my stuff gown lined with furr. 

The witnesses were William Jones, Scr., Jeffery Thorowgood, signum 
Roberti Powell, shoemaker, and me Richard Perne. 

Commission was issued 4 March 1608 to Dorothie Quaytmore, with 
power reserved for William Harrys, the other executor, &c. 

Dorsett, 23. 

Thomas Raixborowe of East Greenwich in the County of Kent, mar- 
iner, 4 December 1622, proved 23 February 1623. My body to be buried 
in the church yard of East Greenwich with such solemnity as my executors 
in their discretion shall think fit. My wife Martha and eldest son Wil- 

* Rowland Coirmcre and Dorothy Harris (widow) married at Whitechapel, co. Mid. 28 
March, 1594-5. Elizabeth, their daughter, bapt. 25 Feb. 1595-6.— I. J. Greenwood. 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 159 

liam Rainborowe to be executors. Ten pounds to be given for the putting 
forth of poor children of the parish of Greenwich aforesaid, Sec. To said 
Martha my wife all my plate and household stuff aud the furniture of my 
house and also my one sixteenth part of the good ship called the Barbara 
Constance of London and my one sixteenth of the tackle, apparel, muni- 
tion, furniture, freight. Sec. of the said ship. To my said son William two 
hundred pounds within one year next after my decea.se, aud one sixteenth 
of the good ship Rainbowe of London & one sixteenth of her tackle, &c, 
one sixteenth of the ship Lilley of Loudon (and of her tackle, &c), one forty 
eighth part of the ship Royal Exchange of London (and of her tackle, &c). 
To my son Thomas Rainborowe two hundred pounds within one year, cVc. 
To my daughter Barbara Lee two hundred pounds within one year, &c. To 
my daughter Martha Wood two hundred pounds within one year, &c. To 
my daughter Sara Porte two hundred pounds within one year, &c. 

Whereas I have taken of the Right Honorable Edward Lord Dennie, 
Baron of Waltham Holy Cross in the County of Essex, by Indenture of 
Lease bearing date the eight and twentieth day of September Anno Domi- 
ni 1G19, a capital messuage called by the name of Claver Hamburv and 
certain lands, with their appurtenances, situate, lying & being in the said 
County of Essex, for the term of two and twenty years, '&c. and for and 
under the yearly rent of a peppercorn, &c. ; for which said lease I have 
paid to the said Lord Denny the sum of two thousand three hundred pounds 
of currant English money ; aud the said messuage and lands, Sec. are worth 
yearly in rent (de claro) two hundred and twenty pounds or thereabouts, 
&c. Sec. it is my will that there shall be paid out of the rents, profits, Sec. 
to Martha my wife one annuity or annual rent of one hundred pounds, to 
my son William an annuity, &c. of twenty pounds, to my son Thomas an 
annuity, &c. of twenty pounds, to my daughter Barbara Lee an annuity, 
&c. of twenty pounds, to my daughter Martha Wood an annuity, &c. of 
twenty pounds, to my daughter Sara Port an annuity, Sec. of twenty 
pounds. 

The residue of my personal property to my two executors to be divided 
equally, part and part alike. My dwelling house and lands in East Green- 
wich shall be sold by my executors for the most profit they can & within 
as short time after my death as conveniently may be, and of the money 
arising therefrom one third shall go to my wife Martha, one third to my 
son William and the other third to my said four other children, Thomas, 
Barbara, Martha Se Sara. 

The witnesses were J. W. the mark of John Wotton, of the precinct of 
• S* Katherine's, mariner, John Woodward, Not. Pub., and John Brooke 
his servant. Byrde, 8. 

Anthony Wood of Redrith in the county of Surrey, mariner, 13 Au- 
gust 1625, proved at London 3 January 1G25 by the oath of Martha Wood 
his relict and executrix. To wife Martha all my lease Sec. in my now dwell- 
ing house in Redrith & my part of the good ship Exchange of London & 
of the Charity of London. To son Richard all my portion of the good ship 
Rainbow of London & my adventure in her &c. To my sous Richard, 
Thomas & Anthony rive hundred pounds apiece, & to my daughter Sara 
five hundred pounds, at one & twenty. To my brother John Wood live 
pounds a year for eighteen years. To my mother Raynborrowe three 
pounds for a ring. To my brother William Rayuborowe live pounds for a 
cloak. To my brother Francis Port three pounds for a ring. To my bro- 



1G0 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

ther Thomas Lee three pounds. To ray brother Thomas Raynborowe 
three pounds. To my uncle William Wood & his wife four pounds, for & 
in remembrance of tokens of my love unto them. I give to my said wife 
all my lease of certain lands at Waltham which I have & hold from the 
Lord Denny, &c. My said wife & my said son Richard to be full & sole 
executors &c, and I name & appoint overseers of this my will my loving 
friends the wor 11 Henry Garway & William Garwaye of London mer- 
chants. 

A codicil made Tuesday the 23 d of August A.D. 1 625 revokes the be- 
quest of his portion of the ship Rainbow to son Richard vSc bequeaths it to 
Martha Wood his wife. Hele, 4. 

Rowland Coytemore of Wapping in the County of Middlesex, mar- 
iner, 5 June, 1626, proved 24 November 1626 by Katherine Coytemore, 
relict and executrix. To son Thomas Coytemore aud his heirs, &c. the 
messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and appurtenances in the 
manor of Milton in the parish of Prittlewell ah. Pricklewell. in the Coun- 
ty of Essex, now in the tenure and occupation of John Greene, &c. and 
my farm and copyhold land of forty four acres or thereabouts, in the parish 
of Great Bursted in the County of Essex ; wife Katherine to have the use 
and rents until my son Thomas shall accomplish his age of one and twenty 
years. To my daughter Elizabeth Coytemore three score pounds at her 
age of one and twenty years or day of marriage, also the tenement or mes- 
suage known by the sign of the Blewboare in the town or parish of Retch- 
ford, in the County of Essex, now in the tenure of William Ash well ah* 
Hare. To my sou in law Thomas Gray* and his heirs my two copyhold 
tenements, &c. in Rederith ah. Rederitf, in the County of Surrey, now in 
the several occupations of Francis Welby and John Moore. If my child- 
ren and children's children die before they accomplish their several ages of 
one and twenty or be married, then my aforesaid lands shall remain, come 
and be unto my kinsman Hugh Hughs ah. Gwyn, my sister Elizabeth's 
son. To my grandson William Ball, son of William Ball, forty shillings. 
To my daughter in law daughter Dorothy Lamberton forty shillings. To 
the poor of Wapping three pounds and to the poor of the Upper Hamlet 
of Whitechapel forty shillings. To the masters of Trinity House, for their 
poor, ten pounds within one year, &c. 

My wife Katherine to be executrix and sons in law Thomas Gray and 
William Rainsborough of Wapping aforesaid, mariners, to be overseers. 
The witnesses were Raphe Bower pub. scr. and John Wheatley serv* to 
the said scr. Hele, 125. 

Martha Raixborowe of the parish of S f Bridget als. Brides, near 
Fleet St. London, widow, late wife of Thomas Rainborowe, late of East 
Greenwich in the county of Kent, mariner, deceased, made her will 29 No- 
vember 1626, proved 23 September 1631. In it she referred to her hus- 
band's will & the lease of the messuage called Claverhambury and the dis- 
position of its rents, bequeathed her own annuity among her live children, 
devised to her daughter Barbara Lee her sixteenth part of the good ship 
called Barbara Constance and gave the residue of her goods, chattels. &c. 
to her said daughter Barbara, wife of Thomas Lee, citizen & armorer of 
London, whom also she appointed sole executrix. 

The witnesses were Robert Woodford, Thomas Turner and Tho: East- 
wood. S : John, 102. 

* See Gray and Coytmore Families, Reo. xxxiv. 253.— Ed. 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 161 

William Raixborow of London Esq. 16 July 1638, with codicil of 
1 February 1042, proved 8 April 1642. To the Hamlet of Wapping as a 
stock for their poor fifty pounds ; to the Hamlet of Whitechapel ten 
pounds, &c. To the Trinity House fifty pounds, with the condition that 
they give to poor seamen or their widows of the Hamlet of Wapping, 
every St. Thomas Day, forty shillings. To my eldest sou Thomas Rain- 
borowe all those my houses in Southwark purchased of M* William 
Gambell and some of them lately built. To my son William Rain- 
borowe those my houses in Gun Alley in Wapping purchased of my father 
in law Renold lloxton and also one thousand pounds. To my son Edward, 
twelve hundred pounds. Item I give and bequeath to my daughter Mar- 
tha Coytmore, the wife of Thomas Coytmore now in New England, the sum 
of seven hundred pounds, if she be alive at the time of my death. To my 
daughter Judith Rainborowe one thousand pounds & to my daughter Joane 
Raiuborowe one thousand pounds. All this to be paid to them, by my ex- 
ecutors, at their several days of marriage or at their age of one and twenty 
years, and those that be of age at six mouths after my decease. To the 
four sons and one daughter of my deceased sister Sara Port, namely Robert, 
John, Thomas, William and Martha Forte, two hundred and fifty pounds, 
that is to each fifty pounds, at twenty one. To my brother M r Thomas 
Rainborowe fifty pounds. To my sister Buckridge fifty pounds. To my 
sister Wood fifty pounds. To my father in law Renold Hoxton and to my 
mother in law Joane Hoxton ten pounds apiece to buy them each a rin^. 
My executors to be my loving sons Thomas and William Rainborowe and 
I appoint them to bring up my younger children to their age of twenty one 
years or day of marriage and to have the tuition of them and be at the 
charges of meat & drink & clothes & learning. For overseers I desire my 
loving brothers in law M r Robert Wood and M r John Hoxton to have a care 
that this my will be fulfilled and do give them twenty pounds apiece for 
their pains. Witnesses Robert Wood and William Ashley. 

To my mother in law Jone Hoxton my house at Wapping now in the 
occupation of M r Sander Bence, during her natural life, toward her mainte- 
nance. To my grand child William Rainborowe one hundred pounds. 

Codicil. Whereas the said William Rainborowe hath by his will siven 
to Martha Port fifty pounds the said William Rainbarow did about a year 
since and at other times afterwards declare his mind and will to be that the 
said Martha should not have or expect the said legacy because he had given 
her the sum of ten pounds aud all her wedding clothes in marriage with 
William Ashley. Subscribed by witnesses 1 February 16-11. 

Witnesses to the codicil, John Hoxton, Thomas Hoxton & Mary Bennfes. 

Campbell, 51. 

Stevex Wixtiirop of James Street, Westminster, Esq., 3 May 1C58, 
proved 19 August, 1G58. To wife Judith the house wherein I now dwell, 
with the house adjoining, lately erected, for her life, and then to all my 
children. All the rest to my daughters Margaret, Joanna and Judith and 
such child or children as my said wife shall now be great withall. To my 
nephew Adam Winthrop, son of my brother Adam Winthrop deceased : to 
the children of my brother Dearie Winthrop ; to my brother Samuel Wiu- 
throp's children ; to my half brother John Winthrop's children ; to my cou- 
sin Mary Raiuborowe daughter of my brother in law William Rainborowe 
Esq. ; to my cousin Judith Chamberlaine, daughter of my brother in law 
John Chamberlaine Esq. — sundry bequests. " To the poor of Boston iu New 
VOL. XL. 15* 



162 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

England one hundred pounds of lawful] money of England upon Condition 
that the Inhabitants of Boston aforesaid doe build and erect a Tombe or 
Monument, Tombes or Monuments, for my deceased (Father and Mother 
upon their graue or graues of ffiiftie pounds value att the least, whoe now 
lyeth buried att Boston aforesaid, according to the Loue aud honour they 
bore to him aud her in theire life time." The executors to be my wife 
Judith Winthropp, my brother in law John Chamberlaine Esq. and Tho- 
mas Plampyon, gentleman. 

The witnesses were Leo: Chamberlaine, Elizabeth Baldrey and Clement 
Ragg (by mark). Wootton, 418. 

[In Suffolk Registry of Deed3 (Book 8, p. 193) may be found record of convey- 
ance made by Judith Winthrop and John ChamberlaiD, executors of Stephen YVin- 
throp, 20 April, 1671, to Edward Rainborow of London, of all the said Winthrop ? s 
land in New England, consisting of one half of Prudence Island and fifteen hun- 
dred acres in Lynn or Salem, &c. This latter property included the well known 
Pond Farm (Lynnfield), originally granted to Colonel John Humfrey. — h. f. w. 

In addition to the ten letters of Stephen \V\, printed in Part IV. of the "Win- 
throp Papers (5 Mass. Hist. Coll., viii. pp. 199-218) we have found several others, 
but they are of no importance. Before his final return to England he was Recorder 
of Boston and a Representative; and, but for the failure of his health caused by 
deeping on the damp ground, there is reason to believe Cromwell would have made 
him one of his generals, as Roger Williams, writing to John Winthrop, Jr., in 
1656, says, "Your brother Stephen succeeds Major-General Harrison." By his 
own desire he was buried with his ancestors at Groton in Suffolk, where were also 
interred a number of his children, most of whom died young. Only* two daughters 
are known with certainty to have survived him : Margaret, who married 1st, Henry 
Ward, and 2d, Edmund Willey, R. N., and had issue; and Joanna, who mar- 
ried Richard Hancock, of London, and died s. p. During his military service 
his wife resided partly at Groton and afterwards at Marylebone Park near Lon 
don, a portion of which estate he had purchased. This gave rise t ) ah absurd tra- 
dition, perpetuated in some pedigrees of the last century, that the Winthrops were 
11 of Marylebone Park before they settled in Suffolk." Besides his house in James 
Street, Westminster, he owned, at the time of his death, his father's house in Boston, 
on the southerly portion of which estate the Old South Church now stands ; this 
was subsequently sold by his widow, but whether she ever returned to New Eng- 
land I do not know. My kinsman Robert Winthrop, of New York, has a portrait 
(of which I have a copy) of a young officer of the Stuart period, which has been in 
our family for generations, and is called "Colonel Stephen Winthrop. M.P." If 
authentic, it must have either been 6ent by him as a present to his father before 
his death, or subsequently procured by his brother John, or his nephew Fitz-John, 
during their residence in England. — R. C. Winthrop, Jr.] 

Thomas RainboPwOtte of East Greenwich in the County of Kent, gen- 
leman, 24 November, IOCS, proved 2 January 1G71 by Mary Rainborowe, 
his widow & executrix. To wife 3Iary, for life, an annuity bought of Ralph 
Buskin of Olthatn in the County of Kent Esq. one bought of Edward Tur- 
ner of East Greenwich, geutleman, and all my other goods, moneys, &c. 
She to be executrix and to pay two hundred pounds (on a bond which tes- 
tator, made to his mother*). I give to my brother's son Edward Rain- 
borowe twenty pounds, to my brother's daughter Judith Winthrop twen- 
ty pounds and to my said brother's daughter Joane Chamberlaine fifty 
pounds. To the poor of East Greenwich ten pounds. The witnesses were 
William Richardson & John Fuller. Eure, 7. 

[The following notes on the Raicsborough family, collected some years ago, will 
throw light on Mr. Waters's abstracts : 

1537.— Reynold Ravynsbye, freeman of the Co. of Cloth Workers. London. 
1598.— Roger Rainseburye of Stawley, co. Sumerset. Will dated July 2 I, prov- 

* His mother had been dead many years. 



1886."! Genealogical Gleanings in England. 1C3 

ed Aug. 23, 1593. Bequeaths to the poor of Kettleford 3-1. To the poor of Ash- 
brittle 3-4. To his goddaughter Agnes Gover20s. To each of his other godchildren, 
not named, 4d. To Edward Blackaller his wife's godson 20s. Residue to wife 
Honor, whom he appoints executrix, and her friends John Gover and William 
Golde overseers. — Book Lewyn, fo. 63. 

1603.— Nicholas Kainbury of Stawley. Will dated April 10, 1G03 ; proved May 
4, 1611. To the poor of Stawlcy the interest of £10, — to be used in keeping them 
at work. To each of his godchildren, not named, 6s. To Mary, dau. of Richard 
Wyne 20s. To each of the children of John Grover 12d. To the poor of Ashbrit- 
tle 10s. To the poor of Kettleford 5s. To each of the ringers 12d. To Parson John 
Blackealler 10s. Residue to his sister-in-law Honour Rainsbury, whom he appoints 
executrix, and William Golde and John Gover, overseers. — Book Wood, fo. -16. 

Stanleigh or Stowley, Kittesford and Ashbuttel, all in Milverton Hundred. 

1615. — Henry Raygnesburye of Culmstock, co. Devon, husbandman. Will dated 
Feb. 8, 1615; proved March 0, 1615. To his son Henry £60. To daughter Alice 
R. £80, to be paid to her uncle Christopher Baker, clothier, for her use. To George, 
eon of Andrew Bowreman 10s. To each of his godchildren, not named, 12d. To 
the poor 20s. Residue to wife Susan whom he appoints executrix. — Book Cope, 
fo. 29. 

During the Protectorate the Baker family held the Manor of Columbstock, Hem- 
yoke Hundred, co. Devon. 

\ 1636. — Henry Raynsbury, of the parish of St. Austin (Augustine) in London, 
factor. Will dated March 15. 1636, proved May 8, 1637. To Mr. Stephen Deni- 
son, Doctor and Lecturer, of Great All Hallows, 10s, to preach a sermon at his bu- 
rial, and to the minister of the parish, where he shall be buried, for giving him way 
to preach the sermon £5. To each poor man and woman of the parish as the church 
wardens may select 10s. To the parish of Cullumstock, co. Devon, where he was 
born £100 — for the use of the poor forever, the interest to be divided once a year 
among eight poor men and women. To the poor of Samford Arundel (Milverton 
Hund.) co. Somerset, £10 — for the use of the poor forever. To his sister Alice 
Wood, widow, of Ilenryoke, co. Devon, all his inheritage lands in the county of 
Lincoln, during her life, then to be divided among her five children. To Mrs. Susan 
Fleming, wife of Mr. John Fleming of St. Austin's, London £100. . To their three 
children, Roland, Mary and Susan, each £10. To each of his godchildren, not 
named, 20s. To ten poor laboring porters of Blackwall Hall (market for selling 
woolen cloths), each 10s. To cousin Edward, son of cousin Edward Baker of Hen- 
ryoke £20. To ten poor servant-maids of Culiumstock. each 20s. Residue to his 
godson Henry Baker, sou of cousin John Baker the elder, of Cullumstock. clothier, 
when 21 years of age. Appoints the said John Baker executor, and his uncle 
Christopher Baker, cousin Henry Holwaye, and gossip John Rew, overseers, and 
gives each of them £5. — Book Goare, Fo. 59. 

The Hundreds of Milverton, co. Somers and Henryoke, co. Devon adjoin. 

The parish registers of Whitechapel, co. Mid., which begin in 1558, record the 
marriage of 

Thomas 1 Raineeorow and Martha Moole, Nov. 11, 1582. 

In Chancery Proceedings, temp. Elizabeth, P.p. No. 23, occurs a bill, filed 1611 ; 
Thomas Raynsbury and others, to vacate an annuity charged by George Peirce 
•plaintiff on a freehold messuage in Gate Lane, parish of St. Mary Staynings, London, 
for use of plaintiff's daughter Eliz. Peirce. 

Thomas Rainborowe of East Greenwich, mariner, had a lease of certain lands, 28 
Sept. 1619, at Claverhambury, co. E>*ex, from Lord Edward Denny, which manor, 
with Hallyfield Hall, *fcc, had been granted by Henry V1IL, 1512, to his lordship's 
grandfather Sir Anthony Dennye. 

His children, baptized at Whitechapel, were : 

1. 1583, April 28. Barbara, 2 m. Thomas Lee, armorer, of London, and after 

Mr. Burbridire, or Buckridge. 

2. 1584-5, Feb. 21. Elizabeth, 2 d. unm. before 1619. 

3. 1567, June 11. William. 2 

4. 1589, Sept. 23. Martha, 2 m. Anthony Wood. 

5. 1591-2, Feb. 20. Thomas, 2 d. young. 

6. 1591, Oct. 15. Thomas. 2 

7. 1597, June 19. Sarah, 2 m. Francis Porte. 

The name is spelled variously on the registers, as Rain(e)borow(e). Rainfc)s- 
borow(e), Raynsborow, Raineburrow(e), liaineberry, and, though possibly it is sy- 



164 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

nonymous with Raiuesbury or Remrnesbury [ofco. Wilts, <fcc), the armorial bear- 
ings of the two families do not coincide, the Rainsborowe arms being similar to 
those of the Raynes, Rcynes, or Reymes. 

The will of Thomas 1 Rainborowe, mariner of East Greenwich, co. Kent, dated 4 
Dec. 16-2*2, and proved 23 Feb. 1623, is given in this article by Mr. Waters, as also 
that of the widow, Martha Rainborowe, who afterwards resided in the parish of St. 
Bridget's, London, where she died in 1631. 

Before considering the elder son William, 2 it may be briefly stated that the sec- 
ond son — 

Thomas 2 Rainborow, bapt. at Whitechapel 15 Oct. 1591, in hie will of 24 Nov. 
1668, proved 2 Jan. 1671 (as given by Mr. Waters), is styled kt of East Greenwich, 
gent." He evidently died without issue surviving him, though he had a son Tho- 
mas, 3 bapt. at Whitechapel, 18 Sept. 1614. The will of his widow is as follows : 
Mary Rainborow of Greenwich, co. Kent, widow ; dated 11 Feb. 1677, proved 9 
Apr. 1678. Whereas she has heretofore expressed her kindness to her brother and 
sister, not named, to the utmost of her ability, she now gives them but twelve 
pence. Appoints her niece Sarah Trott, who now lives with her, executrix, and 
makes her residuary legatee. — Book Reeve, fol. 37. 

William 2 Rainborow (eldest son of Thomas 1 ), bapt. at Whitechapel, 11 June, 
1587. In Nov. 1625, we find him a part owner and in command of the Sampson of 
London, 500 tons, built at Limehouse, and now granted the privilege of carrying 
great guns. His name occurs frequently in the CaT. Dom. State Papers. Secretary 
Lord Edward Conway writes him, 20 March, 1626, relative to taking aboard the 
trunks, &c. of Sir Thomas Phillips, Ambassador for Constantinople. Letters of 
Marque were granted 24 Oct. 1627, and finally, when the reconstruction ot the navy 
was paramount with King Charles, the merchantman Sampsun, well fortified witu 
iron ordnance, was one of the vessels presented, in Dec. 1634, by the City of Lon- 
don, for his Majesty's service. William Raynisborowe, as one ot the inhabitants in 
the vicinity of the Tower, complained, in the summer of 1627, of the nuisance ot an 
alum-factory erected at the wes>t end of Wapping. Five years later we find his 
knowledge and experience of maritime matters duly recognized by the Lords of the 
Admiralty, who in their order of 21 April, 1632, appoint Capt. Rainsborough one 
of the gentlemen to attend a meeting of the Board on the 26th, to give their opin- 
ion concerning the complements and numbers of men to be allowed for manning each 
of his Majesty's ships. 

Jan. 2, 1634-5. the King in Council had expressed his desire that the Merhonour, 
the Swiftsure, the City of London and other vessels should be presently put forth to 
sea. The order was confirmed March 10, and the first named vessel was ordered to 
be fitted out and victualled by April 24 for six months' service, the charge to be 
defrayed with moneys paid by the several ports and maritime places. To the Mer- 
honour, at Chatham, the Lords of the Admiralty appoint Capt. William Rainbo- 
rough, March 30, with Capt. William Cooke as Master. This 44 gun vessel (800 
tons), sometimes called the May Honora, had been rebuilt and launched, 25 April, 
1614, at Woolwich, by Phineas Pett. Other ^vessels commissioned at the time 
were the Constant Reformation, Capt. Thomas Ketelby ; the Swallow, Capt. Henry 
Stradling ; the Mary Rose, Capt. George Carteret; the Sampson, Capt. Thomas 
Kirke, &c. &c. ; and these were under the command of Sir William Monson, V 7 ice 
Adm. in the James, and Sir John Pennington, Rear Adm. in the Swiftsure. Since 
the death of the Duke of Buckingham in 162.-5, the office of Lord Admiral had re- 
mained in commission, but on May 14, 1635, one of the Navy Commissioners, Rob- 
ert Bertie, Lord Willoughby de Eresby and Earl of Lindsey, was appointed Admi- 
ral, Custos Maris, General and Governor of His Majesty's Fleet, for the guard of 
the Narrow Seas. He was to defend the King and the Kingdom's honor, which had 
been lately called in question by a fleet of French and Dutch ofF Portland, and to 
exact **' the due homage of the sea '' from passing ships, and so restore to England 
her ancient sovereign fy of the Narrow Seas ; he was aiso to clear the neighboring 
waters of pirates and Turks ; to convoy merchants and others desiring it ; to guard 
against any infringement of the custom on the part of returning vessels, &c. About 
the middle of April the Merhonour repaired to Tilbury Hope to receive the remain- 
der of her stores ; and on May 16 the Admiral came on board, the ships meeting 
twelve days later in the Downs. Rainsborough 's vessel, though a good sailer, 
proved somewhat leaky, and the Admiral was desirous at first of changing to the 
Triumph ; however, the leaks having been found and her foremast repaired, lie cm- 
eluded she would do well for her present employment, and continued cruizing in her 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 165 

until be brought the fleet into the Downs once more on Oct. 4. Most of the ships 
were now ordered to Chatham and Deptford, though a few continued out under Sir 
John Pennington. The Earl despatched his journal of the expedition to the King, 
and hoped he might, with his Majesty's favor, return home. The Hollanders, who 
in pursuit of the Dunkirk frigates, had been accustomed to land on the English 
coast, committing depredations upon the inhabitants, had been checked ; one of their 
armed bands had been arre-ted at Whitby, and a vessel of 21 guns had been taken 
and sent into Hull ; moreover, Capt. S trad ling, in the Swallow of 30 guns, being 
off the Lizard alone, had met the French Admiral Manti with two vessels, who after 
receiving an admonitory shot apiece, had each struck their flags and topsails, and 
saluted with three pieces of ordnance. 

Writs were now sent to the sheriffs of the various counties of England, to levy 
money to defray the charge of a fleet for next year of double the strength of that 
which had just been employed, and attention was paid to the improvement of the 
vessels in the removal of the cumbers jme galleries, as suggested by Capt. Rains- 
borough. This gentleman, together with one of the commissioners, Sir John Wos- 
tenholm and others, was appointed Dec. 9 to inquire into the institution, state, or- 
der and government of the Chest at Chatham, as established in 1588 by Queen Eliz- 
abeth, with Adms. Drake and Hawkins, for the relief of wounded and decayed 
seamen, and to certify their doings to the Co. of Chancery. 

Towards the close of Feb. 1035-6, a list of Naval Captains, twenty-five in num- 
ber, was handed in for the year, with Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, as Adm., 
Sir John Pennington as V. Adm., and Sir Henry Mervyn as Rear Adm. The Eirl, 
in the Triumph, had chose Rainborow as his Captain, with William Cooke as Mas- 
ter, and during the next month he desired the Lords of the Admiralty that his Cap- 
tain's pay might be made equal to theirs, and that he might have a Lieut., as he 
had more business to do than any other captain of the fleet. April 9, the ships at 
Portsmouth were awaiting the arrival of Capt. R. to take them out to sea, the Ad- 
miral having promised to send him down for that purpose. 

At this time, and for a long series of years previous, England was and had been suf- 
fering from a grievous scourge, viz. : the pirates from the north of Africa. So bold and 
venturesome nad they become during the summer of 1636, as to land within twelve 
miles of Bristol and successfully carry off men, women and children. Their chief 
place of refuge was the port of Cardiff and its vicinity, whence they carried on their 
depredations along either coast of the St. George's Channel. No relief, save an 
occasional collection for the redemption of captives, had heretofore been devised, 
and numerous were the petitions and statements now being presented to the King 
and the H. of Lords. The Court was moved to proclaim a general fast, and a ser- 
mon was preached in October by the Rev. Charles Fitz-Geffry, of St. Dominick, in 
Plymouth, from Heb. 13, 3 ; this was printed at Oxford, and entitled, " Compas- 
Bion towards Captives, chiefly towards our Brethren & Countrymen who are in such 
miserable bondage in Barberie." A cotemporaneous document reads : " It is cer- 
tainly known that there are five Turks in the Severne, wher they weekly take either 
English or Irish : and that there are a great number of their ships in the Channell, 
upon the coast of France and Biscay. Whereby it is come to passe that our mare- 
ners will noe longer goe to sea, nor from port to port ; yea, the fishermen dare not 
putt to sea, to take fish for the country. If timely prevention be not used, the New- 
foundland fleet must of necessity sutler by them in an extraordinary manner."' The 
greater part of the captives, reported to be some 2000 in number, had been taken 
within the last two years, and the sea-rovers, most to be dreaded, were the pirates 
of New Sallee, who had revolted from the Emperor of Morocco, headed by a rebel 
who was called the Saint. The matter coming to be more seriously discussed, three 
plans were suggested — peace, war, or suppression of trade. Finally it was proposed 
that Capt. Rainsborough should be employed in an expedition against Sallee, and 
he and Mr. Giles Penn (father of the future Adm. William Penn) were called 
upon by the Kinir, Dec. 28, to give their opiniou concerning the particulars. In a 
letter, some three weeks earlier, Capt. R., then an invalid at Southwold, on the 
Suffolk coast, states his great wiHingne^s to attend the Lords and further their pro- 
ject, as soon as he can set out for London. The plan, which he subsequently 
submitted, states that to redeem the captives would require over 100,000/., the pay- 
ment of which would but encourage the pirates to continue their present course. 
"Whereas to besiege them by sea would not onl}' effect the purpose, but give secu- 
rity for the future, or a fleet might be kept on their e.jast for two or three years, 
until their ships were worm-eaten. That " the maintenance of the suggested fleet 
would be very much to the King's honor in all the maritime ports in Christendom, 



166 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

&c." He recommends himself to go as Admiral in the Leopard, Capt. George Car- 
teret as V. Adra. in the Antelope, Capt. Brian Harrison in t'ne Hercules, Capt. 
George Hatch in the (jft. Neptune, Capt. Th. White in the largest pinnace, and 
Capt. Edmund Scamon in the lesser. The plan was adopted, and, Feb. 20, 1636-7, 
Sec. Coke writes from Whitehall to the Lord Dep. Strafford : "This day Capt. 
Rainsborougb , an experienced &, worthy seaman, took his leave of his Majesty, and 

foeth instantly to sea with four good ships and two pinnaces to the coast oi Bir- 
ary, with instructions & resolution to take all Turkish fry gates he can meet. & to 
block up the port of Sally, & to free the sea from these rovers, which he is contident 
to perform.'' 
March 4 the little squadron was in the Downs and on the eve of departure. The 

})ort of Sallee was reached in good season, and the enemy's cruisers, about to start 
or England and Ireland, were hemmed in and twenty-eight of their number de- 
stroyed. A close siege was now maintained, assisted on the land side by the old 
Governor of the town, and the place was delivered up to the English, July 25th. 

The Emperor now agreed to join in a league with King Charles, promising never 
again to infest the English coasts, and forthwith delivered up some 300 captives, 
with whom Capt. Carteret immediately returned homeward. Rainsborough. how- 
ever, on Aug. 21, proceeded to Saffee to treat for about 1000 English captives who 
had been sold to Tunis and Algiers. Here he remained till Sept. 19, when the 
Emperor's Ambassador came aboard, accompanied by Mr. Robert Blake, a merchant 
trading to Morocco, for whom the Emperor had formed a friendship, and who had 
obtained the position of Farmer of all his Ports and Customs. On the 2 Is: they 
left the coast, and arriving fifteen days later in the Downs, landed, Oct. 8, at Deal 
Castle. Detained at Gravesend through sickness, it was not until the 19th that the 
Ambassador was conducted to London by the Master of Ceremonies, and, landing 
at the Tower, was taken to his lodgings "with much display & trumpeting." In 
the procession were the principal citizens and Barbary merchants mounted, ail rich- 
ly apparelled, and every man having a chain of gold about him, with the Sheriffs 
and Aldermen in their scarlet gowns, and a large body of the delivered captives, 
some of whom had been over thirty years in servitude, arrayed in white, and though. 
it was night, yet the streets " were almost as light as day." Sunday, Nov. 5, the 
Ambassador was received by the King, to whom he brought, as a present from his 
imperial master, some hunting hawks and four steeds, " the choicest & best in all 
Barbary, & valued at a great rate, for one Horse was prized at 1500 pound." These, 
led by four black Moors in red liveries, were caparisoned with rich saddles embroid- 
ered with gold, and the stirrups of two of them were of massive gold, and the bosses 
of their bridles of the same metal. An account of the proceedings was printed to- 
wards the close of the month, entitled, " The Arrival & Entertainment of the Moroc- 
co Ambassador Alkaid (or Lord) Jaurar Ben Abdella, from the High & Mighty 
Prince Mally Mahamed Sheque, Emperor of Morocco, King of Fesse & Susse, Jbc.'* 
Great was the enthusiasm created by the successful issue of tiie expedition, and 
even Waller was prompted to eulogize the event in the following rather ponderous 
lines : 

" Salle that scorn 'd all pow'r and laws of men, 
Goods with their owners hurrying to their den ; 
****** 

This pest of mankind gives our Hero fame. 
And thus th' obliged world dilates his name. 
* ***** 

With ships they made the spoiled merchant moan ; 
With ships, their city and themselves are torn. 
One squadron of our winged castles sent 
O'erthrew their Fort, and all their Navy rent: 

****** 

Safely they might on other nations prey ; 
Fools to provoke the Sov'reign of the Sea ! 

****** 

Morocco's Monarch, wondering at this fact, 
Save that his presence his affairs exact, 
Had come in person, to have seen and known 
The injur'd world's revenger, and his own. 
Hither he sends the chief amoug his Peers, 
Who in his bark proportion 'd presents bears, 
To therenown'd for piety and force, 
Poor captives manumis'd and matchless horse." 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 167 

Even grumbling "Master Andrew Burrell, who, in a pamphlet of 1646 condemns 
the entire Navy, its officers, &c., though he had himself built for them the .Marie 
Rose, " the most sluggish ship " they had afloat, confesseth that RaicsborougrTs 
Fleet " performed better service than England's Navie did in 41 years before."' 
The King was very willing and forward to have knighted the gallant Admiral, but 
he declined the honor, and order was given that he should iiave a gold chain and 
medal of the value of 3007. ; a memorial of loyal service perhaps still extant, 
"should not very opposite family feelings have melted it down in the days of the 
Rump," observes Disraeli in his Life ot Charles I. An augmentation to the fam- 
ily arms was undoubtedly conferred at the time in the shape of " a Saracen's head 
couped ppr. in the fesse point." 

Meanwhile the raising of funds and supplies for the equipment of the fleet for the 
following year had again become necessary, and Strafford, writing to the Abp. of 
Canterbury from Dublin, 27 Nov.. says in connection, " this action of Sallee, I 
assure you, is so full of honor, that it will bring great content to the subject, and 
should, methinks, help much towards the ready, cheerful payment of the shipping 
monies." Early in Feb. 1637-8, the list of ships, which were to keep the seas dur- 
ing the following summer, was published, headed by the Sovereign of the Seas. 
This vessel, launched at Woolwich the preceding year, had been in progress since 
May, 10.3.5, and surpassed in size, tonnage and force anything heretofore constructed 
for the English Navy. Thomas Hey wood published an account of it, with a view 
of this " his Majesty's royal Ship, the Great Glory of the English Nation, and not to 
be paralleled in the whole Christian Wurld," while Marmaduke Rawdon, of York, 
mentions in his Life,* a visit, in 1638, to the Royal Sovereign, Capt. Rainsberry, 
then newly finished and riding at Erith, below Woolwich. 

Burrell, in his pamphlet before ailuded to, condemns the vessel as '* an admira- 
ble ship for costly Buildings. & cost in keeping ; and, which adds to the miracle, 
the Royall Ship is never to be used for the Kingdom's good," &c. The Commis- 
sioners of the Navy answered in reply : " Capt. Rainsborough, whom Master Bur- 
rell confesseth, in his time, was the most eminent Commander in this Kingdom, 
had the trial of her in the Channel of England, and at his return reported to his 
Majestic that he never set his foot in a better conditioned Ship in all his life. And 
as tor her Forces, she is not inferior to the greatest Ship in Christendom, "t 

On Sunday, March 18th, Algernon. Earl of Northumberland, obtained the position 
of General at Sea. or Lord High Admiral, during his Majesty's pleasure, the King 
designing to eventually bestow that office upon his younger son, the Duke of i'ork. 
That Capt. Rainsborough was ever in active naval service after his cruise in the 
Sovereign does not appear. . He and others, owners of the 200 ton ship Confidence 
ot London, were allowed Feb. 19, by the Lords of the Admiralty, to mount her with 
20 pieces of cast-iron ordnance, and. during the fall of the year, together with some 
155 other sea-faring men, he signed his consent to a proposition made by the Lord 
High Admiral and the Att. General, that an amount be deducted from their wages 
for the establishment of the Poor Seamen's Fund, to be administered by the officers 
of the Trinity House The following year, as appears by a paper among the Duke 
of Northumberland's MSS., he submitted a proposition, in the form of article-, sug- 
gesting that 10,000 pieces of ordnance, with carriages, &c, be kept in readiness to 
arm 100 collier-ships, which may fi^ht with a great army; stating their superior- 
ity f.,r Buch service. Commission was given, Oct. 20, 1039, to Sir Edward Little- 
ton, Sdic. General, Sir Paul Pindar and Capt. William Rainsborough, to inquire 
into the truth of the statements made in the petition to the Privy Council, by Ed- 
ward Deacon, who with his goods had been seized and detained in Sallee for debts 
there contracted by Mr. Robert Blake, as factor for some London merchants : peti- 
tioner hayinir come to England, after leaving his son in Barbary as a pledge, in pur- 
suit ol said Blake, who, at the time, or immediately subsequent, was one of the 
gentlemen of the Council. 

As \\ illiam Rainsborough, Esq., he, with Squire Bence, merchant, were members 
from A Id borough, a seaport of co. Suffolk, in the Fourth Pari, of Charles I., held 
at Westminster from 13 April to 5 May, 1640; as also in the Parliament which 
convened 3 Nov. following ; that most notable of English Parliaments, before which, 
a week later Thomas, Earl of Strafford, was accused of high treason. May 27, 
1011, he with others took the oath of Protestation, for the defence of the religion 

♦ Camden Soc. Pub. 
Dev JL^ tub - sequeutl - v did such good service that the Dutch nicknamed her " the Golden 



168 - Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

established, of the King's person, and the liberty of the subject : the same having 
been assented to by both houses on the 3d and 4th of the same month. Aug. 25th 
Capt. K. was at the head of the committee for taking the whole state of the navy 
into consideration, and providing ships for transporting the ordnance and ammuni- 
tion from Hull and other parte of the north. Five days later the merchants' peti- 
tion for erecting a Company fur America and Africa, &c, was referred to Sir John 
Colpepcr and Mr. Pymm especially, assisted by twenty-three other members, among 
whom was Capt. Rainsborough. The same day he was included in a committee to 
whom had been referred the Act for making Wapping Chapel parochial. He was 
also appointed, Sept. 9, a member of the Recess Committee, during the adjourn- 
ment ol Parliament till Oct. 20th ; and on Nov. 19, was on a committee for naval af- 
fairs, with some other members, including .Sir Henry Vane. Three days later it was 
ordered " that citizens that serve for the City ol London and Capt. Rainsborough do 
inform themselves what shipping are now in the River that are fit to transport the 
Magazine at Hull to the Tower, and to give an account of it to-morrow morning '' ; 
this was in pursuance of a resolution of the 3d. 

And so ends his life and public services, for no more is heard of him till Feb. 14, 
1641-2, when the Speaker of the House was ordered to issue a warrant to the Clerk 
of the Crown in Chancery for a new writ to be issued forth for the election of a new 
Burgess to serve for the town of Alborough in co. Suftblk, in the room and stead of 
Capt. Rainsborough deceased, and Alex. Bence, E<q., was accordingly elected. On 
the 17th his body was interred in St. Catherine's (rower), London. At the time of 
his decease the Captain was a widower, his wife Judith, a daughter of Renold and 
Joane Hoxton, having been buried at Wapping, 3 March, 1637-8. The will of Wil- 
liam Rainsborow r of London Esq.., dated 16 July, 1633, with codicil of 1 Feb. 1641, 
proved 8 April, 1642, has been already given. 

1. Thomas 3 Rainsborowe, Esq., of Whitechapel, co. Midd. (William, 2 Thomas 1 ), 
commonly known in history as Col. Rainsborouixh. A naval captain at hist under 
the L. H. Adm. Warwick; then a colonel of infantry under the Parliament, and 
finally V. Adm. of their Fleet. A member of the Long Parliament. A more de- 
tailed account of this prominent and distinguished individual may be given here- 
after. Suffice it to say that the Rev. Hugh Peters, alluding to the services of this offi- 
cer at the taking of Worcester, that last stronghold for the King (in July, 1646), 
observes, '* and truely I wish Colonell Rainborow a suitable employment by Sea or 
Land, for both which God hath especially fitted him ; foraine States would be proud 
of such a Servant.'** Resisting a seizure of his person on the part of the royalists, 
he was killed at Doncaster, 29 Oct. 1643, and buried at Wapping, 14 Nov. Ad- 
ministration on his estate was granted, 24 Nov., to his widow Margaret, maiden 
name probably Jenney. 

1. William* eldest son ; mentioned in wills of his grandfather 1633, and his 
uncle Edward 1677. He was a Captain in the army, it would appear, 
during the Protectorate, and judging from the Winthrop Letters (Mass. 
Hist. Soc. Col. 5, viii.) was in Boston, N. E., 1673 ; living 1637. 
2. William 3 Rainsborow (William, 2 Thomas 1 ) ; mentioned in Savage's Geneal. 
Die. as being of Charlestown, Mass. Col., 1639 ; Artillery Co. same year ; purchas- 
ed 17 Dec. 1640, of Tfa. Bright, house and land in Watertown, which had been 
the homestall of lit. Robt. Feake. Budington mentions his purchase of the old meet-. 
ing-house. He was evidently a trader or sea-captain. March 7, 1643-4, the trea- 
surer of the Colony was ordered to attend to the discharge of Mr. Rainsborow's 
debt, with allowance of £20 forbearance for the time past, and the loan of two sach- 
ars for two great pieces for one voyage. He had been in England in 1642, when 
in April his name, and that of his brother Thomas, are found on the list of the 
proposed Adventurers by Sea, against Ireland. This was the expedition against 
Galway, &c, whereof, under Lord Forbes, his brother Thomas was commander, 
and the Rev. Hugh Peters chaplain. 

Judging from the discharge of his debt and the loan of cannon, Capt. R. again 
returned to the old country in 1613-4, and though there are subsequent entries as 
to the debt, the moneys are always to be paid to parties abroad on R.'s account. He 
immediately espoused the people's cause and joined that division of the army which 
was in the west under Lord Essex. Finding himself in a critical position, the Lord 
General despatched Stapleton, his General of Horse, to Parliament, calling for aid, 
and on the night of Aug. 30th, Sir William Balfour, his Lieut. General, passed 

» King's Pamphlets, Brit. Mus., E. 351. 



1886,] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 169 

safely through the King's Quarters with 2300 horse, and reached London. Two 
nights thereafter Es.-ex himself and Lord Roberts tied in a cock-boat to Plymouth, 
and the following day, Sept. 2, Ifill, the commanding officer, Serj. Major General 
Skipnon, surrendered with all the infantry and a few horse. According to a return* 
found in the quarters of Sir Edward Dodsworth, Com. Gen. of the Horse, we find 
that the cavalry had previously mustered at Tiverton, co. Devon, 39 troops, 420 offi- 
cers and 2785 men. The first division of 8 troops, 639 men, under Sir Philip Sta- 
pleton, Major Gen. Philip Skippon and Maj. Hamilton ; the six troops of the second 
division (02 officers, 432 men), being commanded by Sir William .Balfour, lfjjffi- 
cers, 100 men: Major Balfour, 9 officers, 77 men; Sir Samuel Luke (Gov. of New- 
port Paganel, co. Bucks), 10 officers, 72 men ; Capt. Rainsborow, 9 officers, 57 men ; 
Capt. Sample, 10 officers, Gl men ; Capt. Boswell, 10 officers, 05 men. 

Prestwich's " Respublica " describes the cornet of Capt. Rainsborough's troop 
as follows : " Azure ; from the sinister base point all over the base, and up to the 
middle of the dexter side, clouds Argent, shaded with black and crimson ; near the 
middle or base, a book in pale closed and clasped and covered Or, on the front or 

side thus : F ^ R ^ I ; sr between this book and the dexter side, and a little above the base, 

an armed arm and hand uplifted, as issuant from the clouds, and as in pale, holding 
in his hand a Hussar's sword as barrways, and waved on both sides, and the point 
burning and inflamed with fire proper, hilted Or; in chief a scroll, its end turned 
or doubled in, and then bent out and split, and fashioned double like two hooks, en- 
dorsed Argent, lined Or, and ends shaded with crimson and Argent, and in Ro- 
man capital letters Sable, vincit Veritas. Arms. — Chequered Or and Azure, and 
in fess a Moor's head in profile, bearded and proper, his head banded with a wreath 
Argent." 

In the list of officers for the New Model of the army, which was sent up from the 
House of Commons to the House of Lords, 3 March, 1614-5, -and approved on the 
18th, Col. Sheffield's squadron of horse consisted of his own troop and those of Ma- 
jor Sheffield and Captains Eveling, Rainsborow. Martin and Robotham. He sub- 
sequently obtained the rank of Major, and Whitelock informs us of letters received, 
July 2, 1647, from the Commissioners in the Army, certifying " that the General 
had appointed Lt. Gen. Cromwell, Cols. Ireton, Fleetwood, Rainsborough, Harri- 
son, Sir Har. Waller, Richard Lambert and Hammond, and Major Rainsborough, or 
any five of them, to treat with the Parliament's Commissioners upon the papers sent 
from the Army to the Parliament, and their Votes." 

From the Journals of the House of Commons, under date of 27 Sept. 1650, we read 
that " Mr. Weaver reports from the committee for suppressing lycentious and im- 
pious practices, under pretence of religious liberty, &c, the confession of Lawrence 
Clackson (or Claxton), touching the making and publishing of the impious and 
blasphemous booke called the ' Single Eye,' and also Major Rainsborrow's car- 
riage " in countenancing the same. Claxton, departing from the established 
church, appears to have joined all the prominent sectaries of the day, and from a 
tract of his published in 1660, entitled " the Lost Sheep Found," we gather that 
much of his trouble and imprisonment resulted from his own licentious behavior, 
he maintaining that " to the pure all things are pure." He was sent to the house 
of correction for one month and then banished, and his book was burned by the 
common hangman. Major Rainsborough, residing at the time at Fulham, was one 
of his disciples, M and seems to have been an apt^scholar in improving his relations 
with the female part of the flock. "f It was resolved by the House that he be dis- 
charged and disabled of and from being and executing the office of Justice of Peace 
in co. Middlesex, or any other county within England or Wales. 

For almost nine years we hear nothing of him, but on Tuesday, 19 July, 1659, he 
presented a petition to the House on behalf of the Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace 
and Gentry of the co. of Northampton, and on the same day was made a Commis- 
sioner for the Militia for the same county. In accordance with a report from said 
commissioners, he was appointed by Parliament, Aug. 9, Colonel of a Regiment of 
Horse in co. Northants.J After the Restoration, a warrant was issued, 17 Dec. 
1660, to Lieut. Ward for the apprehension of Col. William Rainsborough at his 
residence, Mile End Green, Stepney (near London), or elsewhere, for treasonable 
designs, and to bring him before Secretary Sir Edward Nichols. He was accord- 

* Symond's Diary of Marches, Camden Soc. Pub. 
t Notes and Queries, 4'th Series, xi.487. 

% In the limits of Charieton, parish of Newbottle, co. Northants, is a camp and hill com- 
monly called " Rainsborough Hill," supposed to be of Danish origin. 
VOL. XL. 16 



170 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

ingly nrrcstcd and confined in the Gatehouse. On his examination next day he de- 
clared he was a Major of horse, but dismissed by Cromwell in 1649; that the Rump 
Parliament made him a Colonel ol Militia-horse, 1059, but nothing was done ; that 
he had bought 40 cases of pistols for militia, and had since tried to dispose of them. 
lie gave bond for 500/., Feb. 7, 1G61, with Dr. Richard Barker of the Barbican as 
security for his good behavior. 

His wife's name was Margery, and, as we have seen before, the will of Capt. 
Rowland Coy t more of Wapping, in 10*20, mentions a son-in-law William Rains- 
borough, mariner, of.Wapping ; while the will of Stephen W'inthrop, 1G5S, leaves 
a legacy to "cousin Mary Rainsborowe, daughter of my brother-in-law William 
Rainsborowe, Esq." From the Winthrop Letters (Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll. 5, viii.) 
he appears to have been in Boston, N. E., in 1073, with his nephew William. 

3. Martha, 3 bapt. at Whitechapel, 20 April, 1017; married at Wapping, 14 

June, 1035, Thomas Coytmore,* son of Capt. Rowland Coytmore, an East 
■ India trader. He came to N. England next year and was wrecked, 27 
Dec. 1644, on the coast of Spain, leaving issue. Her second husband, 
whom she married 4 Dec. 1047, was Gov. John Winthrop, to whom she 
was fourth wife ; he died 20 March, 1049, aged 01. She married third- 
ly, 10 March, 1652, John Coggan of Boston,' asjiis third wife ; he died 
27 April, 1653, leaving i«sue. Disappointed of a fourth marriage, we are 
given to understand that she committed suicide in 1060. 

4. Judith, 3 bapt. at Wapping, 14 Sept. 1024 ; married about 1644, Ste- 

phen Winthrop. son of Gov. John W., born 24 March, 1619. He return- 
ed to England 1645, became a Colonel of Horse under Parliament, re- 
ceiving 474/. 105. per annum, and in 1656 was M.P. for Banff and Aber- 
deen. Resided at time of decease in James Street, Westminster. His 
will of 3 May, proved 19 Aug. 1653, mentions three daughters, Marga- 
ret, Joanna and Judith, as before given. She is mentioned 1668, in her 
uncle Thomas's will. 

5. Samuel, 3 b. ob. infs. ; buried at Wapping, 24 Nov. 1628. 

6. Joake, 3 b. ; m. John Chamberlain, a captain under Parliament ; living in 

May, 1687, a brewer at Deptford, co. Kent. She is mentioned 1668 in 
her uncle Thomas's will. The will of S. Winthrop, 1058, mentions their 
daughter Judith. 

7. Reynold, 3 bapt. at Whitechapel, 1 June, 1632. 

8. Edward. 3 bapt. at Whitechapel, 8 Oct. 1633. Richard Wharton, writing 

from Boston, N. E., Sept. 24, 1673, to a kinsman of rank and influence 
in England, suggests that his Majesty should send out two or three frig- 
ates, by the ensuing February or March, with some 300 soldiers, for the 
recapture of New York from the Dutch. That the expedition should be 
assisted by a colonial force, the whole to be under the command of some 
native leader, such as Maj. Gen. Daniel Dennison. He continues : ' k for 
a more certain knowledge of the constitutions of o r government & com- 
plexions of the people I refer you to M r Edw d Rainsborough an intellig* 
Gentleman who went home three months since. 1 have requested him 
to wait on you & communicate w* I have advised him M r Rains- 
borough dwells at Knights bridge & is to be heard of at M r Whiting's 
shop upon the old Exchange, "f He appears to be the same party 
whose will runs as follows : Edward Rainborow of Cranford. co. Mid- 
dlesex, gentleman ; Sept. 14, 1677 (proved May 4, 1632), being in good 
health, but going beyond the seas, do make this my last will, &c. 
Bequeaths to his wife Christian one fourth of all his real and personal 
estate during her life. To his dear friend Mary Alcock, widow, for and 
- in consideration of a very considerable sum of money for which he stands 
indebted to her, one fourth part of his real and personal estate either in 
England or N. England, during her life ; one eighth part to be at her ab- 
solute disposal. To son Mytton Rainborow one fourth of all his real and 
personal estate when twenty-one years of age. To daughter Judith Rain- 
borow one fourth of his real and personal estate until her brother Myt- 
ton shall, enjoy that part which is given to his mother and also the 

* Katherine, daughter of Thomas and Martha Qnoitmore, bapt. at Wapping, 13 April, 
and buried 19 April. 163$. 
t Hist. Mag., 1S67, p. 299. 



1886.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 171 

eighth part given to Mary Alcock. To his nephew William Rainsbo- 
row five pounds to buy him a ring. Appoints his wife's sister, Mrs. Sa- 
rah Mackworth of Shrewsbury, and Mrs. Mary Alcock of Cranford, ex- 
ecutors. — Book Cottle, folio 62. 
Concerning the New England estate referred to by Edward Rainsborowe in his 
will of 1677, as above, we have evidence on file in the Registry of Deeds, Salem, of 
which the following is a summary : Whereas Judith Winthrop and John Cham- 
berlain, two of the Executors of Stephen Winthrop deceased, had by certain deeds of 
Indenture, Bargain & Sale conveyed to Edward Rainsburrowe of London, merchant. 
all those parcells of lands lying k being in N. England in America, viz : one moiety of 
Prudence Island, lying in or near y c bay of Narragansett, in Rhode Island Colony, 
and all that Farm at Lynn or Salem, containing by estimation 1500 acres more or 
less, now, considering the great hazard of transmitting ye conveyances beyond sea, 
the said Executors do acknowledge before a notary public the said deeds of bargain 
and sale, 21 April, 1671. The document was signed in presence of Nich. Hay ward, 
Not. Pub., Symon Amory, Tim Prout sen r , and his son W m Prout. Timothy Prout, 
shipwright of Boston, testified to the same before Dep. Gov. John Leverett, 5 Mar. 
1672-3, and the instrument was recorded and compared 5 July following. As late 
as 21 March, 1695-6, the above was compared with the original and found an ex- 
actly true copy of ye record in ye booke of Deeds Lib: S° Page 195. 

Meanwhile John Chamberlain, the sole surviving executor of Stephen Winthrop 
deceased, having been shown a copy of the instrument above referred to, as being 
on file in some court in N. England, made oath 31 May, 1687, that he had never 
signed nor executed any such writing or instrument, nor did he believe that Judith 
"V\ inthrop, widow & executrix, hod made any such conveyance to the late Edward 
Rainsburrow. This testimony of Mr. Chamberlain appears to have been given at the 
request of his nephew William 4 Rainsburrowe, son of Vice Adm. Thomas 3 Rains- 
burrowe, being, we may infer, at the time the only, or at least the eldest, male rep- 
resentative of the family, and acting in the interest of his cousins the children of 
Stephen Winthrop deceased. Robert Wildey, of the parish of St. Paules Peters, 
CO. Middlesex, cook, and " Thomasine Jenney, of the same place spinster, aunt of ye 
said William Rainsburrowe," swore to their knowledge of and acquaintance with 
John Chamberlayn for thirty years and upwards last past ; that he and Stephen 
Winthrop, Esq., whom they had also known, had married two sisters, "this depo- 
nent William Rainsburrow's Aunts, and sisters of Edward Rainsburrow in ye above 
written affidavit named, &c. &c." Nicholas Hay ward, the Notary Public, men- 
tioned in the first instrument, swore that he had never drawn up such a paper, and 
the whole denial was witnessed by four parties on the point of departure from Lon- 
don for New England, and was also compared with the original about nine years 
later, viz : 21 March, 1695-6. I. J. Greevwood.J 

Edmund Spinckes of TFararington in the County of Northampton, 
clerk, 2 October 1669, proved 11 August 1071. I give out of that seven 
hundred & fifty pounds which will be due to me or mine from the heirs or 
executors or administrators of Thomas Elmes of Lilford Esq. (after the 
decease of himself the said Thomas Elmes and the Lady Jane Campion), 
to my eldest son Nathaniel Spinckes one hundred pounds, to Seth, my sec- 
ond son, one hundred and fifty pounds, to William, my third son. one hun- 
dred & fifty pounds, to Elmes, my fourth son, one hundred & fifty pounds, 
and to Martha, my only daughter, two hundred pounds. To Nathaniel 
Spinckes, my eldest son & heir, all that land in Ireland, in King's County, 
which is now in the possession of the heirs or assigns of Thomas Vincent 
sometimes alderman of London, which is due to me according to a writing 
signed by him to that purpose 6 March 1642. Item I give to the said 
Nathaniel Spinckes all that fifty pounds, more or less, with the profit of it, 
that is now in the Iron works in New England, acknowledged received by 
John Pocock then Steward of the Company and living then in London, his 
Acquittance bearing date March 19^ 1645. Item, I give to the said my son 
Nathaniel all that estate whatsoever it be that falleth to me or shall fall in 
New England, as joint heir with John Nayler of Boston in Lincolnshire, 



172 Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters, [April, 

clerk, to Boniface Burton, now or late of Boston in New England, ray- 
uncle and mother's brother and only brother; also my library of books, 
only such excepted as his mother shall choose out for her own use. To 
Seth Spinckes, my second son, five pounds at the age of twenty-four years, 
to William five pounds at twenty-four, to Elmes five pounds at twenty-four 
and to Martha, my only daughter, five pounds at twenty-four. All the 
rest to my wife Martha, whom I appoint sole executrix. My loving friend 
Mr. Sam 1 Morton, clerk & rector of the parish church of Haddon, in the 
County of Huntingdon, and my much respected cousin M r Richard Conyer, 
clerk and rector of Long Orton and Butolph-Bridge in the County of Hunt- 
ingdon, to be overseers. A schedule to be annexed to the said will &c. 
that Seth shall have paid him out of the estate that my father Elmes left 
my wife &c. &c. (So of all the other children.) 

18 May 1693 Emanavit commissio Nathauieli Spinckes, clerico, filio et 
administratori Martha? Spinckes defuncta? &c. <kc. Duke, 107. 

[I presume that this is the " Edmond Spinckes " whose name immediately precedes 
that of John Harvard in the Recepta ab ingredkntibus of Emmanuel College (Regis- 
ter, xxxix. 103). 

Boniface Burton, whom Mr. Spinckes calls his mother's only brother, died June 
13, 1669, " aged 113 years," according to Judge Sewall, who calls him " Old Fa- 
ther Boniface Burton " (Reg. vii. 206)' Hull in his Diary (Trans. Am. Antiq. Soci- 
ety, iii. 279) gives his age as 4i a hundred and fifteen years." Both ages are pro- 
bably too high. Burton's will was dated Feb. 21, 1666-7, and proved June 24, 1669. 
An abstract of the will is printed in the Register, xx. 241, and on page 242 are some 
facts in his history. He left nothing to the family of Mr. Spinckes nor to John 
Nayler. After bequests to Increase Mather, to his niece Mrs. Bennet, her husband 
Samuel Bennet and their children, Burton leaves the rest of his property to his 
wife Frances Burton. 

For an account of the Iron Works in which Mr. Spinckes had an interest, see 
" Vinton Memorial," pp. 463-71. John Pococke is nained among the undertakers. 
—Editor. J 



NOTES AND DOCUMENTS CONCERNING HUGH PETERS. 

Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of London, England. 
[Continued from page 31.] 

Notes. 

At the meeting held 22 nd of April, 1G44, attention was called to the des- 
poiling of his Majesty's palace of Holderby in Northamptonshire, and sum- 
mons were directed to five or six persons to appear and answer. Robert 
Eyre Innholder, especially in Holderby was to render account for " cer- 
tain bookes, papers, writings, records or copies that are in his custody." 

10 th June, 1G64— "a charge made against ye persons undernamed — Mr 
Benjamin morley in partnership with one Smyth and Hall a spiny grove — 
six acres — G0£ — a length of buildings 25£ — a myle and a halfe of y e parke 
pailing — 20£, John Wills for stone and tymber of Holderby house used 
about his owne house — 4£ — John Jay for divers materialls valued at C£ — 
John Stanley for divers materials 6£ — John Hill for severali materialls 
12£ 10s. 0— in all 133£ 10s. for which ye Committee demand ye full 
value." 

20 July, 1GG4. The several persons undermentioned haviug possessed 



1886.] Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 173 

themselves of clivers parcels of tvmber belonging to his Majesty's parkes of 
Clarendon and Bowood in Co. Wilts— the several persons named are sum- 
moned to make satisfaction and appear at Denmark house (London) y e 5 
day October 1GG4. To Ja.-par Townesend — To " Sellers — Wm Ball — Rich d 
King — Hugh Webb — Jon Wills — Jo n Preter — Jo 11 Norman." 

Tho° Barnard — M r Th° Nipp — and Widdow Chapman of Petsworth 
Sussex are summoned (1. Aug 1 1G64) for having possession of some plate. 
M r Boardmau at Drury Lane has a marble head, he is ord d to deliver it to 
Geo. Sherley, Messenger (11 Nov* 1GG4). Also 1G AW lGG-i. It is or- 
dered by the said Com tee that Elias Ashmole be desired to re-deliver y e 
picture of the late King on horseback now in his custody unto M r Enemy 
unles the s d M r Rhemy doe agree to pay for divers pictures belonging to 
his maj y in his Custody y e summe of 200£ in money or y c like value in 
pictures but w th this proviso that before y e said picture be re-delivered he is 
to appeare & to give good & sufficient baile to answer to such accts as shall 
be brought against him in his maj ties name for y e recovery of sattisfaction 
according to law." Signed Joan Singleton, Clerk. 

Some time before his execution Hugh Peters issued a little pamphlet, 
" the case of Hugh Peters &c." * in which he corrects various evil reports 
about himself " as basely and Scandalously suggested by black mouths." 
It thus commences : " They which think to Vindicate themselves to the 
World by writing Apologies, rarely reach their ends, because their Game 
is an after game ; prejudice is strong and the Plaister can hardly be made 
broad enough, nor apologies put into all hands who have pre-judsjed and 
received the first tincture." .... "I shall briefly give an account of my 
coming into England, my behaviour since I Came, and my present condi- 
tion iu this Juncture. A colony going to settle in New England by his 
Majesties Patent, I went thither; who by my birth in Cornwel was not a 
meer stranger in that place, and fishing trade; and thither invited often, I 
say, went, and was with another sent into England by the Majistrates there, 
for ease and Excise in Custom, and some supplies for Learning &c, because 
I had been witness to the Indians receiving the Gospel there in Faith and 
Practice; they having the Bible translated by us iuto their Language, and 
part thereof printed and hundreds of them professing the Gospel and teach- 
ing each other the Knowledge of the true God, and the rather, from the 
example of the English there, when in seven years among thousands there 
dwelling, I never saw any drunk, nor heard an Oath, nor any begging, nor 
Sabbath broken; all which invited me over to England; but Coming, found 
the Nation imbroyled in troubles and War; the Preaching was, Curse ye 
Meroz, from Scotland to England ; the best ministers going into the field ; 
in which (not without urging) I was imbarqued in time ; and by force upon 
me here, failed of my promise of returning home ; which was and is my sad 
affliction. My first work was, with the first to go for Ireland ; which I did 
with many hazards, then w r as at Sea with my old Patron the Earl of War- 
wick, to whom I ow'd my life; then was imploy'd by the City; then by 
the Earl of Essex, my Lord Say, and others ; and my return stopt by the 
Power that was ; and so was in the last army in several places, but never 
in the North : In all which affairs I did labour to perswade the Army to 
their duty. My Principles in Religion guided me to those Orthodox truths 
exprest in the Confession of Faith in England ; and am known to joyn 

* The Case of M r Hugh Peters, Impartially Communicated to the View and Cen-ure of 
the Whole World, written by his own hand. London. Printed tor Smn. Speed, and ate to 
to be sold at his shop, at the Signe of the Printing- Press in St Pauls Church-yard. {6 pp.) 
VOL. XL. 16* 



174 Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [April, 

with the Protestants who are found iu the Faith, in Germany upper and 
lower, France &c. I have and do hereby witness against all Errours of 
all kinds. For the "War, I thought the Undertakers their Work ; I was 
inconsiderable, yea, heartily sorry for mistakes about me. For my Car- 
riage, I challenge all the Kings party to speak if I were uncivil; nay, many 
of them had my Purse, Hand Help every way, and are ready to witness it ; 
yea, his present Majesties servants preserved by me through hazards. I 
was never privy to the Armies transactions about the late King at Holmby 
or elsewhere, or of any Juncto, Council or Cabal. But when his majesty 
sent for me, I went to him, with whom I dealt about my New England busi- 
ness, &c. was three or four times with him, and had his special acceptance, 
and served him to my utmost, and used all my little skill for his and the Na- 
tions good more than twice ; for which I have witness ; though it be hard 
to cut my through so many Rocks. But God is good. It is true, I 

was of a Party, when I acted zealously, but not with malice or mischief : it 
hath been accounted honourable, Et Ca?sare in hoste probat, to keep to 
principles of honour and honesty. I never quarrelled others for their judge- 
ment in Conscience. It is received, that Religio docenda est, non coercen- 
da. I saw Reformation growing, Laws made, and some against debauchery 
and evil (which I was glad to read in his Majesties late Proclamation). I 
saw a very learned, godly, able Ministry as any the world, well provided 
for ; I saw the Universities reformed and flourishing ; and such things much 
encouraged me in my Endeavours. I studyed the 13 of the Rom and was 
tender ; but found the best of Scotland and England of the ministry engag- 
ed and so satisfied me, that I understand the first undertaking is still main- 
tained good. By the War, I never enriched myself ; I have often offered 
my personal Estate for 200£ and for Lands, I never had any but that part 
of a noblemans, which I never laid up penny of; nor never urged the Lord 
Grey, or others, to buy, nor knew not of the sale till done, nor jttstifie any 
unworthy thing in it. I never plundered nor cheated, never made penny 
over the Sea, nor hoarded or hid any in England. I never was guilty of 
Secluding the Members in 48, nor knew it, till done, and sent by my Lord 
Fairfax to fetch off two of them and to know who they were that were 
secluded. I never had Jewels, nor anything of Court or State, more then 
before, directly nor indirectly. Never had any Ecclesiastical Promotion in 
my life in the Nation to enrich me; but lived on my own when I had any- 
thing; nor have been a lover of money. The many scandals upon me 
for uncleanness &c., I abhor as vile and false, being kept from that and 
those aspersions cast, and such I make my protest against as before. I 
know how low my name runs, how Titleless, how contemned. David knew 
why Shemei curst him. For the Laws of England, I know no place hath 
better; onely having lived where things are more expedite and cheap, I have 
shewed my folly so to say : and having no evil intention, a very worthy 
Lawyer took exception at something of mine or my friends ; which was 
never intended in his sense by either, and crave his excuse ; I can charge 
myself with evil enough, as any excentrick notion of mine from my own 
Calling, want of a solemn spirit in slight times, with unbelief, if I have gone 
about to reach Religious ends by trampling upon Civil duties, breaking of 
any Covenants, or slighting them ; and do fear Gospel, and the Spirit also 
may be undervalued by mine and others unworthy dealing with them. 
Much to these I might add, who have seen many vanities under the Sun ; 
and the W^orld hung with Nets and Snares: Alas, there is nothing to 
Christ. 



1886.] Papers in Egerton MS. 2395. 175 

" And lastly, I understand what exception is upon me for Life and Es- 
tate in the House of Commons. I have taken hold of the Kings Majes- 
ties gracious Pardon, as others did ; and know not truly where this excep- 
tion lies grounded. I wish I had been with their Honours to have clear'd 
it. I hope a Vagrant report or Airy noise takes no place with them : for 
I challenge all the World for my innocence for these suggestions ; and ap- 
peal to their Honours, and the noble Lords for a review of the Charge or 
Information ; and crave no favour if any sober man can charge me : other- 
wise I most heartily beg just favour, unless my evil be only for acting with 
such a party, I must have it ; For I know before whom my Cause is, and 
may not despair. 

" I must again profess were I not a Christian, I am a Gentleman by 
birth, and from that extract do scorn to engage in the vile things suggest- 
ed } and that by one creditless witness, that only supposeth, but asserts 
nothing. 

"I wish from my heart that our present Prince may be, and the Nation 
by him more happy then any ; and that the true ends of Government may 
be had and communicated fully ; that every honest heart may have cause 
to rejoyce in God, the Iving, and their Laws. And for my self ( through 
Grace) I resolve to be quiet in a corner (if I may) to let God alone with 
ruling the World, to whose Wisdom and Power we ought to submit ; yea 
to mind mine own work, though never so small ; to be passive under Author- 
ity, rather than impatient ; to procure the quiet and peace of the Nation to 
my utmost ; to mind things invisible, and Of a better consistence then these 
below ; and to pray, when I can do no more. Hugh Peters." 

Hugh Peters to Capt. Allen. 

Capt. Allen. I have received y rs and I have advis'd your friends what 
were best viz to come home upon sight hereof because the act of oblivion 
takes place till ffeb. 3 d , and come directly to me to Whitehall and I shall 
further advise you. wishing the Lord may doe you good at the heart, 

24 Jan: j b'2. Y r loving friend Hugh Peters. 

Endorsed — ffor my loving friend Cap 1 Tho s : alien. 
[To be continued.] 



PAPERS IN EGERTON MS. 2395. 

Communicated by Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London > Er.g. 

THE following is an account of some of the papers contained in a 
volume of Egerton MSS. (No. 2395) British Museum. This 
volume was purchased at Sotheby's, 16 Feb. 1875, being No. 1149 
of sale catalogue and entered as follows: AYest Indies (State 
Papers relating to). — A volume containing several hun- 
dreds of Original Papers, Petitions, Patents, Memorials, 
Descriptions, Letters and other Documents tean smitted to 
the Lords of the Council of State and Privy Council, dur- 
ing THE REIGNS OF THE COMMONWEALTH AUTHORITIES AND KlNG 

Charles the Second, relative to the Plantations and Set- 



176 Papers in Egerton MS. 2395. [April, 

TLEMENTS IN TIIE WEST INDIES, JAMAICA, CaRIBBEE ISLANDS, NEW 

England, Virginia, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia, large 
folio, rough, calf^ 251. Then follows a summary of the contents. 
In the following list I undertake to give & somewhat fuller account 
of the papers relating especially to Nova Scotia, Ne\7 England and 
Virginia, taking them in the order in which I find them in the vol- 
ume. The numbers affixed to each paper indicate the folios, as 
marked by the Museum authorities.* 

17. — Oct: 16 th 1629. — Articles d'accord entre le Chevalier Guillaume 
Alexandre Seign r de Menstrie LiaiU nt de la Ncuvelle Escoss en Amerique 
par sa Ma tie de la Grande Bretagne, et le ChevaF Claude de S t Estienne 
Seign r de la Tour, et Charles de S* Estienne son filz, et le ChevP Guillaume 
Alexandre filz aud 1 Seign r Alexandre by dessus nome. 

18. — Copy of a Lre from the Council! of Scotland concerning His Ma* 78 
Title and Kight to New Scotland.— Dated at Ilalyrudhouse 9 th Sept 1630. 

19. — Report made to His Ma ty of the Commodities of the Plantation of 
Canada. Nov r 24 th 1630. 

20-21.— His Ma ties Right & Title to Port Royall. 

22. — Propositions and Considerations for the busines of Canada. 

23. — S r William Alexanders Information touching his Plantation at Cape 
Breton & Port Reall. 

24. — An Extract of the Patent granted to S r W m Alexander &c. concern- 
ing Canada. — 5 March 1630. 

25-25*. — Remembrances concerning the patent graunted to S r "William 
Alexander, George Kirk Esq 1- ., Capt: Eirke, William Barkley and Com- 
pany, for the sole trade into the Gulfe and River of Canada, and for a plan- 
tation there : w ch is opposed by my Lord Starling and his Sonne the said 
S r William Alexander. 

26. — Treatie concern 3 Keheck, &c. 

27-29. — Quo Warranto against the Massachusetts 1635. [Printed in 
the Register, xxxviii. 210-16.] 

36. — Letter from his Ma* 7 concerning Lady Hopkins, Dated Newport 
Novem br 11 th 1618: ; addressed to S r David Kirke; beginning — " Yo r sister 
my Lady Hopkins w th her family having occasiou to visit you in Newfound- 
land — " ; and signed (in his own handwriting) " Your frend Charles R." 

199-201. — Queries and Objections ag st the Massachusetts encroaching 
power upon several other propriaties. 

258. — Letter of the Lady (Sara) Kirke to His Majesty. 

259-261. — A Narrative made by the latt S r Dauid Kirke Knight and 
Governor concerning Newfoundland. 

262. — The Peticon of John Treworgey Comander of the Colony of this 
Nation in Newfound land. 

263-4. — Report concerning Newfoundland upon Lady Hopkins Informa- 
tion,— by Tho 8 Povey, May 1 1 th 1 660. 

* Tiiis list was prepared by Mr. Waters and sent to the Committee in the year 1SS4. It 
is thought that the cause of historical research will be advanced by printing it in the Reg- 
ister. Some of the documents have already appeared in these pages from transcripts 
made by Mr. "Waters and Mr. Scull. The volumes and pages where these documents 
are priuted are given in brackets. Other documents in this list, of which copies are found 
in other collections of manuscripts, have been printed elsewhere, particularly in the New 
York Colonial Documents and Hutchinson's Collection of Papers. Mr. Waters has tran- 
scribed other pnpers from Egerton MS. No. 2395, which are now in the hands of the Com- 
mittee, and will in due time appear in the Register.— Editor. 



1886.] Papers in Egerton MS. 2395. 177 

265. — Record of " Councell of State at Whitehall " (concerning New- 
foundland) "Thursday the xvii th of May .1660." 

266. 1660. — The information and relation of the Lady Hopkings who 
carn^ pornosely ffrom Newfoundland to macke knowne to his Royall Maj ty . 

296. — Letter from M* Povey concerning the naturall products of Virgin- 
ia in behalf of the Royall Society; March 4, 1G60. 

297-S. — Enquiryes concerning those severall kind of things which are 
reported to be in Virginia & ye Bermudas, not found in England. 

299-300. — Report of the Councill for forreigne Plantations, concerning 
the Encroachm ts of the Massachusetts Colony. [1.661.] 

308. — Letter to M r John Kirke from Charles Hill, Ferryland, 12 Sept. 
1661, " concerning L d Baltemores interest in Newfoundland." 

309. — Testimony of W™ Wrixon & others concerning the same. 

310. — The Lord Baltemore's Case, concerning the Province of Avalon 
in New-Found-Land, an Island in America (a printed broadside). 

311-323. — Copies of certain Papers relating to Nova Scotia; comprising 

(1) Indenture, made before Josue Mainet Royal Notary living in Lon- 
don, 30 April 1630, between Sir William Alexandre Knight Lord of Men- 
strie & Principal Secretary of State of the Kingdome of Scotland for hi3 
s d Ma ty of Great Britain & Counsellor of His Council of State, & Lieu- 
tenant for His Ma* 7 in New Scotland in America on the one part (referring 
to a royal grant to him of the country of Lacadie, bearing date of the 10^ 
of the month of September, in the year one thousand six hundred & twenty 
one) and Sir Claude de Saint Estienne Knight Lord of la Tour & of 
Vuarre, & Charles de Saint Estienne Esq r Lord of S l Denicourt his son on 
the other part. (Translated into English 1 Feb. 1655.) 

(2) Indenture, made 20 Sept. 1656, between S r Charles S l Stephen 
Lord of La Tour Barronet of Scotland of the one part, and Thomas Tem- 
ple and William Crowne esq res of the other part. (Entered and recorded 
in the book of Records for the County of Suffolk in N. E.) 

(3) Test, of Robert Howard Not: publ: Massachusitt: Colonias novae 
Anglioe:, Boston 1 August 1678. 

(4) Historical account of the " Restitution of Acadie," by the Ambas- 
sador of France. 

(5) An Answer to the French Ambassadours Claime to the Forts and 
Country in America Exhibited in the behalfe of the Lord La Tour, Tem- 
ple and Crowne, Proprietors. 

324-5. — Extract from severall pieces relateing to the Title to Nova Sco- 
tia (ranging from 1C06 to 1656). 

326—7. — An Account of Nova Scotia or Acadia. 

328. — Memoriall of the French Amb rs about the restitution of part of 
Acade to Mon 8r le Borgne. — Read in Counciil 27 Nov r 1661. 

335-6. — The Draught of a Letter to Virginia from the Council of Trade 
and Plantations. 

340-1. — Minutes from the Records of the Privy Council at Whitehall 
relating to Nova Scotia, dated 26 Feb. & 7 March 1661 and 23 April 1662, 
referring to petitions of S r Lewis Kirke K nt John Kirke Esq r and others 
of the one part, and of Coll: Thomas Temple in his own behalf. The busi- 
ness of the last meeting was a grant of the Government of Nova Scotia &c. 
to Col. Thomas Temple during life. 

354_9._A "Treatise of S r W» Berkley," said to be "in Print," en- 
titled a Discourse and View of Virginia. 



178 Papers in Fgerton MS. 2395. [April, 

3G0-1.— (Copy of) Letter of 28 March 1663 from William Berkley, 
Francis Morryson, Tho: Ludwell, Seer:. Richard Lee, Nathaniel Bacon, 
Ab: Wood, John Carter, Edward Carter, Theodo: Blande, Thomcs Stegge 
and Henry Cprbyn, referring to a royal grant made " Sep 1 the 18iii In the 
first year of his Seigne," to the Lord Hopton and others of a tract of land 
" between the two Rivers of Petomake and Rappakanoke," &C 

362-4.— (Copy of) Letter of G r W m Berkley, 30 March 1663, in which 
the following is found : " let mee therefore only begg this, that your Lord- 
ship would desire the King to send over one or two Gentlemen, that ia can 
trust, that may truly report to his Maj ty what a growing Empire Le has 
here, in which all the Plantations in the West Indies beginn to center, for 
hither from all pts they come : Two hundred fiamilies from new England 
wee hear are seated a little to the South of us : Continuall Letters from 
the Barbadoes tell us of ffamilies that if they can gett leave to depari; 
thence will settle here : " — Reference is made to '•' My cozen Norwood." 

365. — (Copy of) A letter from the same, dated 18 April 1663, ending as 
follows : " My Lord I have sent by one Captain Willy forty-nine pieces of 
black Walnut Trees ; they will waiuscott 5 or 6 Roomes ; w ch I beseech your 
Lordshipp may be called the Virginia Chambers. I hope this next year to 
send your Lordshipp a Hogshead of Virginia wine, for the last year, I 
drank as good of my own planting as ever came out of Italy : 21y Dear 
Lord, for ever I am Your Lo pp3 most humble obedient servant," &c. 

366-7. — (Copy of) Letter from Anthcny Langston relating to the con- 
dition and needs of Virginia and especially the need of Iron Works. This 
bears no date. 

368-9. — Computation of an Iron Work in Virginia. 

387-92. — Instructions to the Royal Commissioners appointed to visit the 
Colony of the Massachusetts, 23 April j.664. 

393-5. — Similar Instructions to the same for the Visitation of the Colo- 
ny of Connecticut. 

396. — Mem. of Import* Points for tho Settlem* of New England. 

397-411. — A Briefe discription of New England, &c. [Printed in the 
Register, xxxix. 33-48.] 

412-13. — The Names of the Rivers and the names of y c cheife Saga- 
mores y l inhabit upon them from the River of Quibequissue to the River of 
Wenesquawam. 

414-24. — Certain Notes and Informations concerning New England. 

425. — Proposalls for New England (signed by James Bollen). 

426-34. — Reports of the Royal Commissioners, in 1G65. 

435. — A list of certain magistrates and prisoners. 

436-41.— "30 May 16657 A letter from the Governour of New Eng- 
land with affidavits," &c. (concerning the Northern Limits of the Massa- 
chusetts Colony). 

442. — Royal Letter to the King's Commissioners, of 10 April 1666. 

447. — (Copy of) Petition of De Belleville and others, householders & 
Inhabitants of y e Province of Avilonie & other harbours adjacent to ye 
same Continent," — "March y* 18, 1G66" — addressed " To the Honorable 
George Kirke Esquier — & one of the Lords Proprietors of Newfoundland." 

448. — Original Order of the Privy Council, 30 August 1667, "to the 
Com tie concern^ the rendition of places in America." 

449-50. — Original Order of the Privy Council. 2 Oct. 1667, appointing 
" ffriday next the 4 :h instant," for a meeting of the Coraittee for the At 
fayres of New-England, with a rough list of the said Committee attached. 



1886.] Papers in Egerton MS. 2395. 179 

451-53. — Directions for the bounding of l'Acadie. In order to the Res- 
titution thereof! to the French. — With Notes evidently made at the meet- 
ing of the Committee. 4 Oct. 1GG7. 

454. — An Acompt of the Bound 9 of Acada Noua Scosia and Penobscott. 
Delivered by M r Newdigate 18 7 br 67. 

471. — M r Matthews testificacon concerning Newfound Land given in 
y e 28 th of Jan: (70). 

496. — S r W m Berkeley's copy of proceedings "At a General Court held 
at James Citty the 21 th day of November 1674, in the matter of a complaint 
made by Tho: Ludwell Secretary of State against M r Giles Bland, by whom 
the complaint avers that he was M abused, and called pittifull fellow. Pup- 
py, aud son of a whore," "contrary to the Laws of Hospitality and Human 
Society;" — and the- further complaint "that the said Bland taking one 
of his gloves, without his knowledge or consent, did ignominiously, presum- 
tuously and unworthily nayl the same up at the State House doore with a 
most false and scandalous Libel, which contained these words, That the 
Owner of that glove was a son of a whore, mechanic fellow, puppy, and a 
coward," &c. 

497-8.—" Draught of a Lett r fro his Ma tlc to the Corporatio of Boston 
in New Engl d ab* New Hamp & Maine, DeV 18: 1674." Also " A Draught 
of his Ma^' pleasure to be signified upon the Petition of Ferdinando 
Gorge and Robert Mason." 

511-14. — Letter from M r Bland to y e Gov: of Virginia concerning ye 
execution of his Office as Collector of the Customs in Virginia. Dated at 



tti 7 



10. 



Bartlett Sept r 16 

515-16. — Lre from M r Bland concerning the suspention of his Office, 
Bonds & Certificate of Ships. 

517. — M r Blauds Case as Collector of the Customs of Virginia. 

518-19. — Extract of a letter from New England concern* y e Indian 
Warr. 1675. [Printed in the Register, xxxviii. 381-2.] 

520-1. — Pages 9 to 12 inclusive of a printed work giving an account of 
"the Battel with the Indians on the 19 th of November, 1675, with a List of 
the English slain & wounded. The last paragraph is as follows: — " Time, 
the consumer of all things, we hope will once more subject this Adversary. 
Amen." 

522. — This Account of New-England — 1675. [Printed in the Register, 
xxxviii. 379-80.] 

539. — Proclamation by the Governor and Captain General of Virginia, 
10 May 1676, referring to the Indian War in New England. Endorsed 
"Virginia News," « S r W m Berkeley's Declaration, 1676." 

540. — Another Proclamation (1676) dissolving the present Assembly 
and ordering a grand assembly to be held at James city in June next. 

541. — The Copy of M r Bacon's Letter sent by mee May the 25 th 1676. 
(Sign )d Nath: Bacon.) 

542-3. — A copy of a Description of the Fight in Virginia May 1676. 

544. — A copy of " The humble appeale of y e Volunteers to all well mind- 
ed and charitable men." 

445-6. — The Virginians Plea for opposing the Indians without the Gov- 
ernor's Order, &c. 

547-9.— A copy of " The Declaration of y e People ag* S r W m Berke- 
ley, and present Govern 1 " of Virginia. (Signed by Nathauiell Bacon, Gen- 
erall by the Consent of the People.) 

550-1. — (1) A copy of M rs Bacon's letter, the wife of Nathaniell Bacon in 



180 John Harvard. [April, 

Virginia, June y e 29 th 76, sent to her sister & received the 26 th of Septemb r 
1676 concerning a murder committed by the Indians. 

(2) M r Birds relation, who lived nigh to M r Bacon in Virginia, and came 
from thence in July last, for feare of the Indians. 

(3) M r Bacon's Ace 1 of their troubles in Virginia by y c Indians, June y e 
18 th 1676. 

552-3. — A copy of the Declaration of the chief psons in Virginia, touch- 
ing their Adherency to Bacon. Aug: 70. (With the list of names of the 
signers.) 

555. — A copy of M* Giles Blands Letter to M r Povey. Received Aug: 
28. 76. — Concerning grievances at Virginia, written 8 th July. 

560-3. — (Copy of) A Breif Narrative concerning New-found-land, by 
John Downing. * Reed 24 th 9 ber 1676. 

564. — Other notes on the same, 14 th Dec. 1676, signed J° Downing. 

565-6. — A description, by the same, of "The mauer of Catching and 
makeing drie fishe " there. 

573. — A List of all Books (in the Plantation Office) Treating of Xew 
England. [Printed in the Register, xxxviii. 261-2.] 

593-4. — Lett' to M r Lewen at New York concern* M* Pen's Patent. 

595-6. — Copy of M r Randolph's Queries and R. Sawyer's opinion 
thereon. 

601. — A rough account of the History of New York & affairs there. 

661-5. — Proposals in order to the Improvement of the County of Albe- 
marle in Carolina in point of Towns, Trade & Coyne. By George Milner. 

666-7. — (1) Proposalls concerning building of Towns in Virginia. 

(2) Proposals concerning ihe Custome of Tobacco. 

670. — An account of all the trading Townes and Ports lying upon the 
Sea & navigable riuers, w th number of Houses in euery Towue. (New 
England.) [Printed in the Register, xxxviii. 380-1.] 

671. — Petition of Lyonell Copley & others, concerning the Iron Works. 
[Printed in the Register, xxxviii. 378-9.] 

672-6. — (1) Proposition de Louis Le Page. 

(2) Description des Lacs nouvellement descouverts a la Source du 
Fleuve de S l Laurent. (Evidently addressed to the King of Frauce.) 



JOHN HARVARD. 

Communicated by Johx T. Hassam, A.M., of Boston. 

THE interest excited by Mr. Waters's researches in England is not con- 
fined to those who speak the English language. The following edito- 
rial from the Paris journal "La Renaissance" of September 4th, 1885, 
shows that some of the results of these researches are becoming known on 
the Other side of the English Channel. The ignorauce of French writers 
about everything that takes place outside of the limits of their own coun- 
try i.s proverbial, and this ignorance is never more conspicuously displayed 
than when they undertake to treat of American or English matters. Of 
course there are exceptions to this rule. This editorial, however, barring 
some inaccuracies, is otherwise remarkably free from errors, and shows 
an appreciation and knowledge of the subject which is most unusual in a 
Frenchman. 



1886.] John Harvard. 181 

Harvard did not give to the College " toute sa fortune," nor has his 
"acte de mariage" as yet been found, and " Eleve d'Oxford" lie cer- 
tainly was not. But these mistakes serve to give the true Gallic stamp to 
the article which is here reprinted verbatim. 



Harvard. — Le nom que nous venons d'ecrire, aussi connu en Araerique que ceux 
de "Washington, de Franklin ou de La Fayette, n'est probablement pas inconnu de 
nos lecteurs. lis savent sans doute que le plus ancien et plus celebre des etablisse- 
ments d'instruction des Etats-Unis, s'appclle Harvard college et que le mot college 
ne doit pas etre pris ici dans le sens qu'il a en francais. Harvard n'est aucuneraent 
un lycee, un etablissement d'instruction secondaire, e'est une universite que les 
americains comparent, a bon droit, bien quelle soit de creation plus recente, aux 
vieilles universites d'Oxford et de Cambridge. 

D'ou vient ce nom de Harvard? C'est celui d'un pasteur puritain, John de son 
prenom, qui en mourant, en 1638, legua a. un college, dont la creation avait ete de- 
cretee deux ans auparavant, toute sa fortune, y compris une bibliotheque de 300 vol- 
umes, ce qui representait une somme deux fois superieurea la subvention votee par la 
colonie du Massachusetts pour la creation projetee. Ces resources imprevues aniene- 
rent l'ouverture immediate de cet etablissement, Harvard College, le College de Har- 
vard, situe a New Cambridge, pres de Boston, qui bientot devint celebre et a foumi a 
la Republique americaine bon nombre de ses hommes les plus eminents, dans toutes 
les branches de l'activite humaine. 

Le nom de John Harvard, lie pour toujours a l'universite la plus celebre du Nou- 
veau Monde, est depuis plus de deux siecles dans toutes les bouches, mais le nom 
seul etait connu, 1'homme ne 1' etait nullement; on ne savait a peu pres rien de son 
origine, ni de sa carriere, et quand on avait dit delui: e'etait un pasteur, puritain 
d'opinions, qui mourut en 1638, on avait tout dit. Cet inconnu vient de trouver son 
Christophe Colomb, un laborieux et sagace investigateur, M. Henry F. Watters, vient 
de publier dans le Xew England Historical et Genealogical Register, numero de juillet, un 
article intitule •* John Harvard et ses ancotres " quia fait sensation. M. Waters a 
ete assez heureux pour pouvoir mettre la main sur des actes de baoteme, de mariage, 
de deces, ainsi que sur dix testaments qui permettent de suivre dans sa rapide car- 
riere, brusquement terminee par la maladie a l'age de trente-un ans, son jeune et 
sympathique heros. II ressort de ces differentes pieces que John Harvard naquit a 
Southwarck, Londres, oil il fut baptise le 29 novembre 1607, qu'il etait fils d'un bouch- 
er dont le nom, a une epoque ou Ton etait trcs indifferent aux questions d'orthog- 
raphe, s'ecrivait tantot Harvye, tantot Harverd, tantot et plus souvent Harverde, 
qu'il avait etudie et pris ses degres a Cambridge (Angleterre), qu'il s'y etait marie; 
apres quoi nous le trouvons en 1637, un an avant samort, etabli a Charlestown, Mas- 
sachusetts, comrae pasteur dissident. 

La lumiere est done aujourd'huipleinement faite sur la vie de J. Harvard. Ne dans 
fEglise itablie, dont les membres seuls e'taient admis alors dans les Universites an- 
glaises, il a rompu avec elle pour embrasser les idecs des puritains, bien plus protes- 
tants que les anglicans. Comme beaucoup d'autres puritains, il a ete chercher dans 
le Nouveau Monde la liberte que l'Angleterre lui marchandait. Eleve d'Oxford, il 
avait compris l'immense influence qu'une grande universite peut exercer sur les des- 
tinees d'une nation, et il a voulu en assurer lesbienfaits a sa nouvelle patrie. L'evene- 
ment lui a donne pleinement raison et il aaujourd'hui cette rare fortune qu'etant 
mieux connu, il n'en est que plus estime. 



Harvard's Example. — And well docs the example of Harvard teach us that what 
is thus given away is in reality the portion best saved and longest kept. In the 
public truets to which it is confided, it is safe, as far as anything human is safe, 

from the vicissitudes to which all else is subject Here it will not perish with the 

poor clay to whose natural wants it would else have been Appropriated. Here 
unconsumed itself, it will feed the hunger of the mind, — the only thing on earth 
that never dies, — and endure and do good forages after the donor himself has ceased 
to live, in aught but his benefactions. — Edward Everett. 

VOL. XL. 17 



182 Soldiers in Ring Philip's War. [April, 



- SOLDIERS IN KLVG PHILIPS WAR. 

Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodoe, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from page 93.] 

No. XIV. 

Close of the Narragansett Campaign; the "Hungry 
March;" Capt. Samuel Brocklebank 
and his Men. 

AFTER the battle at the Narragansett Fort, several weeks of 
partial inactivity ensued, while both the English and the In- 
dians were seeking to recover somewhat from the severe blow each 
had received. The forces of Massachusetts and Plymouth remained 
at Smith's garrison at Narragansett, while Major Treat with the 
Connecticut regiment returned to Stonington about December 
28th. 1 ' 6 

From various sources, the accounts of the most reliable historians 
of the time, from contemporary letters and notices, we are able to 
glean some few items indicating the situation of affairs at the seat of 
war. 

The Indians were greatly demoralized and evidently very solicit- 
ous as to the immediate future action of our army, as they sent in a 
delegation to the General on Thursday, December 23d, four days 
after the fight, ostensibly to negotiate in regard to peace, but in re- 
ality, doubtless, to ascertain the strength and intentions of the Eng- 
lish. Some of the Indians had returned to their fort upon the re- 
treat of the troops, and it is likely were able to rescue a part of their 
provisions from the flames, bit the main body was gathered into a 
swamp some three miles distant, while those who had joined the 
Narra^ansetts from neighboring tribes returned home. Mr. Dud- 
ley wrote that Philip was seen by one of ours with a strong body- 
guard during or after the battle. If so he must have made a rapid 
march between that and January 6th, upon which date Governor 
Andros, of the New York Colony, writes to the Connecticut Gov- 
ernor : 

" This is to acquaint you that late last night I had intelligence that Phi- 
lip & 4 or 500 North Indians fighting men, were come within 40 or 50 
miles of Albany northerly, where they talk of continuing this winter: that 
Phi: is sick, and one Sahamoshuha the Comander in chief. Whereupon 
I have despatched orders theither." 

I have found no reliable proof that Philip or his Wampanoag war- 
riors, as a body, had any part in the Xarragansett fight, while there 

116 In the trcasnrer's account with Connecticut colony there is a charge " For birthing 40 
wounded men 7 days," and as there is no other occasion on which so many were wounded, 
it is fair to assume that the Connecticut forces did not retire before the 28th. 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 183 

is some direct testimony that they did not. Indian captives refer 
the command of the Indians to other chiefs, and a cotemporary wri- 
ter in the series of letters published in London under the title, "Pre- 
sent State of New England, with respect to the Indian War," says 
positively, " King Philip hath not yet been at Xarraganset, as we 
feared, but is retired with his Men near Albany where he hath kept 
his Winter Quarters." This place is since known as Scattacook, 
and is situated in Rensselaer County, about twenty miles north of 
Albany. 

The great snow-storm that began at the time of the battle and 
lasted for several days, rendered any movement of the infantry im- 
possible, even if they had been in condition, and then suddenly there 
came a great mid-winter thaw, which further prevented their mo- 
tion. Capt. Prentice's troop kept scouting and watching to nuard 
against surprise, and to gather in whatever was possible of their en- 
emy's supplies of corn, of which they obtained quantities, but the 
provisioning of this large body of men had to be done chiefly by 
vessels sent from Boston, and by some, at this time, gathering corn 
along the port towns of Connecticut, as we learn from their archives 
and from other sources. 

On the 27th of December Capt. Prentice with his troop made a 
march into Pomham's country (now Warwick) and destroyed near 
a hundred wigwams. December 28th, a squaw captured at the fort 
was sent to the Indians with an offer of peace, if they would agree 
to the terms of the former treaty, and such other conditions as the 
English might impose, and give up all "Philip's Indians." The 
squaw did not return, but on December 30th a message came from 
the sachems proffering their thanks for the offer, but complained 
that the English made war upon them without notice. Tins Indian 
owned, as did the squaw, that the Indians lost three hundred of 
their best fighting men. January 4th, two prisoners were taken, 
of whom one, being a Wampanoag, was put to death. January oth, 
the Indians sent in a captive child, three or four years of age, be- 
longing at Warwick. On the 7th, messengers came from them 
laying the blame upon Canonchet, who when he had visited Boston 
and made his treaty with the English, had returned and deceived his 
people as to the terms ; but all these overtures were evidently prac- 
tised to gain time and take the attention of the English from the 
real movements of the Indians while they were making ready for 
their flight to the north-west. On the 8th these were sent back 
vvitli positive instructions as to terms of peace. On the same day 
old Xinigret, sachem of the Xiantics, sent in declaration and evi- 
dence of the reality of his friendship and of the dire straits to 
which the hostile Indians were reduced. In the mean time the Com- 
missioners of the United Colonies were making every exertion to put 
a fresh army into the field. As early as December 25th it had been 
voted to raise one thousand men to recruit the army in the field, and 



184 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

the first of these were sent out about Jan. Gth H7 under Capt. Sam- 
uel Brocklcbank of Rowley (I think). The weather was extremely 
cold, and they suffered severely on the march, part of the way 
through a fierce snow-storm " that bit some of them by the heels 
with the frost," according to Mr. Hubbard. The writer of * The 
Present State of New England," the letters above mentioned, 
eays that eleven of the men were " frozen to death, and many others 
were sick and disheartened." January 10th these recruits arrived 
at head quarters and were joyfully received. 

An order of the Council of Massachusetts, given January 14th, 
directs Major Gookin " to order the Eastern Souldiers with Horse 
and Foot, as soon as they come to Cambridge, to march to the army 
and to put them under such conduct as he sees right, until they get to 
Narraganset to Major Appleton, sending away with them the Armorer 
that is there already." On Jan. 17th the Council ordered the Com- 
mittee of the Army to "forthwith furnish James Foord of Ipswich, 
a Souldjer under Capt. Brocklebank, now going up under Leut. 
Swett to Narraganset, witli one pr. of good shoos and on good 
Coate and place it to his accoV Ephraim Sawyer and Walter Da- 
vis, also, " now goin^ forth to v e Narraganset," were furnished with 
apparel. These referred to in the above orders were a second body 
of recruits that were sent by the Massachusetts Council ; the Com- 
missioners having voted on January Gth, that the colonies should 
have their recruits at head quarters at Smith's Garrison on or before 
January 20th. 

January 12th, a proposition came from the sachems for a cessa- 
tion of hostilities for a month, which so stirred General Winslow's 
indignation and convinced him of their treachery, that he determin- 
ed on a forward move at once, but still felt his force to be too weak 
in the absence of the promised troops of Connecticut. He fears the 
foe is escaping, and sends frequent messages to the Commissioners 
and to Major Treat and the Connecticut Council, to hurry up their 
preparations. 

The Connecticut Colony meanwhile was making every endeavor, 
the while however being somewhat impatient of the urgency of the 
General, feeling that their own borders were threatened by the In- 
dians quite as much as the other colonies. Their archives afford 
ample proof of the thorough and energetic manner of their prepara- 
tion. Major Treat's reorganized army rendezvoused at New Lon- 
don. From all the settlements recruits and arms and supplies were 
gathered as speedily as possible, and yet it was not until the 2 Gth 
of January that their troops started for the field. The following 

1,7 Capt. Brocklebank and the main part of his company probably entered the service 
January 1st, but did not march to the seat of war until other ret uit-s were ready. Janua- 
ry 18th, Capt. Daniel Fisher, of Dedham, has an order from the Council to send all " Horse 
and foote " that come into Dedham under Lieut. Benja. Swett, " aw ty to y e Enemy;" and 
the order shows Dedham to be the common rendezvous of the four counties. 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War, 185 

extract relating to the occasion is from a " Letter of Major Palmer 
of New London to the Governor and Council of Connecticut." 

New London y e 26 th Janua: 1 075-6 
I having this oportunity by Mr Ploin, could not oinitt acquainting 
you of Maj r Treat's departure this day. with all his forces, who is accom- 
panied with Mr. Fitch, Mr Buckley & Mr Wise. They expected to reach 
Badcock's this night and so get to Mr Smith's tomorrow: For Major 
Treate hath had two late ord rs from the General I one rece d on Lord's day, 
the other this morning, to hasten his corning; the Indyans being seated 8 
or 10 miles northwest of Providence, and about 2o miles from Mr Smith's. 
The information was gayned by two Indyans taken by a party of Capt 
Prentis* troope, which killed nyne more one escaped there being 12 in that 
party. 

The Barke with the Provitious went out last night and hath had a fayre 
wind to cary her in today. They have added tenn barrels of meate to the 
twenty you ordered from Milford : which doth afflict our people more than 
the trouble of quartering both well and wounded men, which have so im- 
poverished them that sundry will much suffer, without y e speedy supply of 
come for their releife 

In the margin of this letter is added the item, 
* Unkas has gone forth in person." 

It will be seen by the letter that the march from headquarters was 
begun on the 2oth of January. James Babcock's place was in what 
is now Westerly, R. I. By good marching they could have reached 
Smith's Garrison and joined the main army on the evening of the 
27th ; and thus January 28th must be the earliest date at which 
we can place the general forward movement of the whole army. 
The Council orders and references and letters in the Connecticut 
Colonial Records serve to confirm the account of Mr. Hubbard, 
although derived from independent sources, and as thev give verv 
few items besides, it seems evident that we have all of importance 
that happened. On January 23d Major Treat wrote to the Con- 
necticut Council, quoting a letter from General Winslow, which he 
says he has lost, but which contained nothing of importance except 
to hasten their coming and " grateing on our disorderlv retreat," 
and the good news of the taking of Joshua Tift 118 by Capt. Fenner, of 
Providence. From some Indian prisoners which the Connecticut 
scouts had taken, it was found that the Narragansetts were lying in 
small parties along the way leading into the Nipmuck country, and 
with scouting parties so posted that our army could not surprise 
their main body. 

From a letter of Roger "Williams to Governor Leverett, dated 
Providence, 14 January, 1675, and published in the " Winthrop 
Papers," vol. 36, p. 307, Coll. Mass. Hist. Society, we learn much 
about this Joshua Tift, different from the accounts of contemporary 

118 Capt. Oliver's letter previously given, as to its facts, was "attested" bv tlib. Joshaa 
"Teffj." . 

VOL. XL. 17* 



186 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

historians. Mr. Williams was called upon to take down the exam- 
ination of Joshua Tift, and afterwards reports the answers to 
the Governor. 

Being questioned by Capt. Fenner, who had captured him, Tift 
answered that he had been with the Narragansetts about twenty- 
seven days ; that he was captured by Canonchet and his property 
destroyed, but his life saved on condition that he would become the 
slave of Canonchet ; he accepted the conditions, and was taken to 
their fort and there compelled to work for the Indians. He testi- 
fies that the Mohegans and Pequots with our troops made terms with 
the Narragansetts at the beginning, and shot over their heads. 
After the English entered the fort, Canonchet and other sachems 
fled and halted beside a spruce swamp after crossing a plain. When 
night came the word was brought to the chiefs, of the English re- 
treat, and they sent back to the fort to ascertain their losses, and 
found ninety-seven dead and forty-eight wounded, and five or six 
bodies of the English. He said that the Narragansetts' powder was 
mostly gone, but that Philip had sent word that he will furnish them 
enough from the French, who have sent Philip a present, u a brass 
gun and bandaliers sutable." The saehems are now about ten miles 
northwest from Mr. Smith's ; speaks of the squaw that was sent by 
the English, but that the sachem3 believed that the proposals of the 
English were merely a trap to catch them. Canonicus was for 
peace, and would not consent to lie to the English ; but hi3 nephew, 
the young sachem Canonchet (or Nanunteno) was fierce for war, 
and the young warriors were with him, so that it was impossible to 
curb them. He speaks of Quaquackis as Canonchet's chief captain, 
"a midling thick-set man of a very stout fierce countenance." M He 
saith that Philip is about Quawpaug, amongst a great many rocks 
by a swamepside ; that the Xahigonsiks have bene these 3 days on 
their march & flight to Philip, that he knows not what number 
Philip hath with him, &' that this day the last and rear of the com- 
pany departed, that they heard that Gen: was pursueing after them, 
& therefore several parties, to the number of 400 were ordered to 
lie in ambuscadoes, that several parties were left behind to get and 
drive cattell." He also testified that Xinigret's men fought the 
English in the fort, and that 3ome of the Mohegans have joined the 
Narragansetts. 

Th'i3 letter throws some light inferentially upon the motions of 
Philip, whom the Narragansett sachems evidently believed to be at 
Quabaog. As no mention of him is made by Tift in referring to 
the fort fight, we have thus strong inferential proof that he was not 
there. 

At last, then, the army being in readiness, began the pursuit of 
the Indians towards the Nipmuck country, in the somewhat famous 
march known to the succeeding generations as the "Long March," 
or the "Hungry March," but of the details of which we have ver 
meagre accounts. 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 187 

Mr. Hubbard relates that on January 21st Capt. Prentice sur- 
prised a party of the Indians, killed nine and captured two, and 
within two or three days, the weather changing, our forces were very 
anxious to take the field, hearing, as they did, that the Indians were 
in full flight. " But so many difficulties were cast in the way that 
they could not be ready in time to prevent the mischief the Indians 
did at Warwick. For January 27 they despoiled Mr. Carpenter of 
two hundred sheep, fifty head of neat cattle and fifteen horses, drove 
them all away safely and escaped before our forces set out." They 
wounded two of Mr. Carpenter's people, and one of theirs was 
slain. 

The account of the writer of " The Present State," &c, mention- 
ed above, says : 

" The winter being now broken up, the Snow and Ice all gone, onr Ar- 
my, consisting in all of 1G00 Men began their March to the Rocks, where 
the Indians were fled for protection; but in their Way they had Intelli- 
gence that 300 Indians had been at Patuxit, au English Plantation on the 
Narraganset Bay, where they burnt Mr. Carpenter's Corn and Hay and all 
his houses except his Dwelling-house, which likewise they had set on fire, 
but it was again quenched by some English that were in it. They like- 
wise drove away with them 180 Sheep, 50 Mead of large Cattle and 15 
Horses; besides, they took much Cattel from young Mr. Harris, and killed 
a Negro Servant of his ; and having done this Mischief, returned Home 
with their Booty." 

The haste and unreliability of this writers account is seen in 
his mixing up of different events, because he goes on from this point 
to relate the burning of Pomham's town, where they had " a small 
Reincounter," and " wounded his chief Captain Quaqualh on the 
knee, and killed five of his men, and had four of our Connecticut 
men wounded ;" and then goes on to tell the story of the taking of 
Joshua Tift, who as we know was taken on January the 14th. 
This writer says of Tift that he was tried by a f ' Counsel of War," 
while he pretended that he was taken prisoner by the Indians and 
compelled to bear arms in their service, but this was proved to 
be false (his musket when he was taken was heavily charged with, 
slugs) and " he was condemned to be hanged and Quartered, which 
was accordingly done." And then the story goes on : 

" Our Army beat the Indians from the foresaid Rocks, and pursued them 
almost as far as Quabog, in which Pursuit w r e killed about 60 or 70 of 
them, aud found many of the Matts scattered in the Way with which they 
cover their Houses, which we suppose they could not carry with them by 
Reason of our close pursuit. Some Prisoners taken from them inform us, 
that their Body consists of 4000, whereof 1800 were fighting Men. half of 
which wanted Arms, that they w r ere in great Want of Powder, aud greater 
want of Provisions." 

"Provision growing scarce in the Army, and the Enemy having cleansed 
the Country of Things that might teud to our Relief, our General resolved 
to pursue them no farther, but to hasten homeward, which accordingly was 



188 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

done with what speed we could, but the Scarcity of Victuals daily increas- 
ing we were forced to kill several of our Horses for Sustenance. Our 
General dismist the Connecticut Men, and sent them Home the nearest 
Way, and old Unkus and his Indians along with them. They proved very- 
faithful in our Service, and were well treated by us." 

This writer says that a garrison of sixty men was left at Smith's 
House in Wiekford, and that many of our men, including General 
Winslow, were troubled with the "Flux," and that they marched 
home by way of Marlborough. 

In Mr. Church's account there is a very palpable error in the 
matter of time, because it gives three months (instead of weeks) as 
the time of his stay at Rhode Island, thus: 

" Mr. Church was moved with other wounded men over to Rhodeisland, 
where in about three months' time he was in some good measure recovered 
of his wounds aud the fever that attended them ; and then went over to the 
General to take his leave of him with a design to return home. But the Gen- 
eral's great importunity again persuaded liim to accompany him in a long 
march into the Nipmuck country, though he had then tents in his wounds, 
and so lame as not able to mount his horse without two Men's assist- 
ance." 

Mr. Church says that the first thing remarkable in this march was 
their coming to an Indian town of many wigwams, but an icy 
swamp was between our army 7 and this village, and it was only after 
much firing on each side that they were able to pass over, where- 
upon the Indians made good their retreat, the Mohegans in full pur- 
suit. One of these caught a wounded Indian and brought him be- 
fore the General, where being condemned to die, he managed to 
escape the blow of the executioner, and Mr. Church then branches 
off into a long account of an exploit of his own in recapturing him, 
closing his account of the march which to us now is of such inter- 
est, in a simple sentence, saying that in this march they killed 
many of the enemy, until at length, their provisions failing, they 
returned home. 

Now taking these accounts, with what we are able to "lean else- 
where, and it appears that the Indians very skilfully eluded our 
army r , and succeeded in pushing forward all their wounded and help- 
less to places of safety in the northern tribes, and then when all was 
ready made a raid upon Patuxit and Providence and the neighbor- 
ing settlements, and succeeded in carrying off large supplies, without 
a blow struck against them, except that of Capt. Fenner's party 
from Providence. 

It seems to have been the popular idea that the army of the unit- 
ed colonies, after the junction of the Connecticut troops, numbered 
about sixteen hundred, horse and foot. I have not been able to 
find any definite official statement, but as nearly as can be deter- 
mined from available data, Massachusetts sent out about three hun- 
dred fresh troops in January ; Connecticut, including her veterans 



1886.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 189 

and Indian allies, about five hundred ; and Plymouth probably about 
one hundred. With allowance for the dead, wounded and disabled 
of Massachusetts and Plymouth, about two hundred ; sixty left in 
garrison at Wickford, and there would be, at a rough estimate, four- 
teen hundred serviceable men at Narragansett on January 28th. 

From accounts above given it is impossible to determine the lo- 
cality of the " Pocks " referred to by the writer of the letters to 
London above quoted, and by him probably quoted from the testi- 
mony of Tift, which seems to have been, at that time, the chief in- 
formation the English had concerning the Indians. It will be 
noticed that Tift's evidence is that Philip is " about Quawpaug 
amongst a great many rocks by a Swampeside," and this may be 
taken as the supposed objective point or rendezvous of the Indians. 
The rear guard of the Indians were, at the date of his trial, or when 
he was captured, prowling about the settlements at Patuxit and Pro- 
vidence for an opportunity to drive off cattle, which purpose they 
succeeded in carrying out, some days later, when the witness, 
who in this matter at least had given true testimony, had been 
"hung and quartered." The route of the main body of the Indians 
was in a northwest direction towards Quaboag. Rev. J. H. Tem- 
ple suggests the "Old Narragansett Trail," or "Greenwich Path," 
through the Wabbequasset country (now "Woodstock) to the old 
Quabaog fort. Capt. Henchman, in the Mount Hope campaign, 
August, 1675, had marched into the Nipmuck country as far as the 
" second fort," at a place called " Wapososhequish" (probably Wabba- 
quasset), and then turned aside and marched to Mendon. In a direct 
line Woodstock is about forty miles from Wickford ; by the regular 
trail it was doubtless much farther. In midwinter, with their scant 
knowledge of the country, with swollen streams to cross, an alert 
foe forever vanishing into the great wilderness, and eluding attack 
or luring to ambuscade, with provisions which the long waiting for 
Connecticut had served to reduce, their march was a hazardous un- 
dertaking, and probably was inspired by the hope of striking a final 
blow against their enemies, already reduced to great straits for pro- 
visions, arms and ammunition. They found " more than sixty horses' 
heads " at one place, probably at the late rendezvous of the Indians, 
" 25 miles north of Mr. Smith's and 10 miles north of Providence." 
There seems to have been but one battle worthy of mention, and 
that is described by Mr. Church as at an icy swamp, and here sixty 
or seventy were killed ; and it seems that the Mohegans and Pe- 
quots did most of the fighting and execution here. The capture of 
the "Matts" referred to, is thought to indicate a Wabbequasset 
settlement, as these mats were a peculiar covering used by that tribe. 
I think it possible that the battle was at the old fort of the Indians 
at Memenimisset. 

Finding his provisions growing short, and his men worn with 
their long march and severe exposure, and seeing no prospect of 



190 Soldiers in King Philips War, ■ [April, 

bringing the enemy to a battle, General Winslow determined to 
abandon the pursuit, when the Indians betook themselves to the 
wilderness beyond Quaboag. I think the march commenced from 
Wickford on January 28th, and it was probably on February 2d or 
3d that the skirmish took place. It would seem that the Connecti- 
cut and Indian forces were dismissed as early as February 3d, as 
they arrived home on the 5th, while the cavalry of Massachusetts 
and Plymouth got to Boston on the same day, the infantry remain- 
ing over at Marlborough, but a part of them marching down to 
Boston the next day. They were reduced to such straits that they 
killed and ate many of their horses, and the march was thence 
called by the people "the Hungry March." I find on the treasu- 
rer's books, February 29th, K Edward Covvell Cr for horsmeat 
£03. 06. 00," as were others. Those that took part in this march 
were included in the "Narragansett Grantees." 

Capt. Brocklebank's Company. 

Samuel Brocklebank, of Rowley, is said to have been born in 
England about 1630, and to have come to this country with his 
mother Jane, a widow, and his brother John. Samuel Brocklebank 
and his wife Hannah had children — Samuel, born 1653 ; Francis, 
born 1655; Hannah, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Joseph who was 
born 1674. He was appointed deacon of the first church in Row- 
ley in 1665. Elected captain of the Foot Company of Rowley in 
1673. Was active in recruiting for the Narragansett campaign, 
and after the fort fight, on the second call for recruits, went out 
with a company about January 1st, as I judge from his credits and 
those corresponding credits of his men, which according to my best 
estimates were for five weeks, up to February 5th, when they re- 
turned to Boston, and reckoned from the time they left Rowley. 
These are only inferences, however, drawn from the Journal and 
various casual references, and I have yet found no direct statement 
as to the officers or men who went out to Narragansett at the second 
call, and I have not found any mention of Capt. Brocklebank or 
other officers whom I shall hereafter credit with such service. After 
the return to Boston, Capt. Brocklebank with his company, within 
one week, was called to Marlborough, where he was placed in com- 
mand of the garrisons and military operations, and remained until 
April 21st (not as some think the 18th), when he marched to Sud- 
bury, where Capt. Wadsworth with his company having joined him, 
they were ambushed by the Indians, and both captains, with most of 
their men, were slain. This battle, however, and the affairs at 
Marlborough, properly fall into the next chapters, in which Capt. 
Wadsworth and his men are to be given. 

After the death of Capt. Brocklebank his widow married Riciiard 
Dole, of Newbury. His descendants of the name are quite numer- 



1886.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



191 



ous by his son Samuel and Elizabeth Platts his wife; by his 
daughters Mary and Sarah, who married William and Henry, sons 
of Richard Dole ; and by his daughter Hannah, who married John 
Stickney. 

Soldiers credited under Capt. Samuel Brocklebank : 



February 29 th 1675-6 
Samuel Mower 01 08 01 

Joseph Parker 01 10 00 

Rowland Ravensbee 01 07 04 

John Abbott 01 10 00 

March 24 th 1 675-6 
Thomas Stamford 01 10 00 

John Wilson 01 10 00 

Philip Butler \ 02 01 00 

John Linsv 01 10 00 

John Humkins 02 02 00 

Samuel Brocklebank Capt.07 10 00 
John Hobson 01 10 00 

John Woodin 01 16 00 

Benjamin Peirson 01 10 08 

Daniel Tenny 01 10 00 

John Jackson 01 10 00 

John Wood 01 10 00 

April 24 th 1676 
James Ford 
John Giddings 
Peter Jennings 
John Pollard 

June 24, 1676 
Richard Potter 
Peter Jennings 
John Lovejoy 
Jonathan Emery 
Josiah Clark 
Henry Cooke 
Samuel Iresou 
Simon Adams 
Moses Bennett 
John Burrell 
Thomas Brown 
John Wood 



01 
03 
01 
01 

02 
04 
01 
03 
06 
00 
04 
04 
03 
03 
04 
03 



15 


00 


00 


00 


15 


00 


10 


10 


02 


00 


16 


00 


10 


00 


12 


00 


06 


00 


10 


00 


04 


00 


11 


08 


18 


10 


06 


00 


03 


00 


19 


08 



Francis Gefford 03 

Nath. Pease 05 

Samuel Hills 02 

Simon Groe 03 

Nicholas Richardson 03 

Robert Rand *""" 01 

Richard Haven 01 

James Day 01 

Daniel Hutchins 03 
Samuel Brocklebank Capt.14 

July 24 th 1676 

John Brown 02 

Nathaniel Stephens 02 

Zechariah Ay res 01 

Richard Bryan 08 

Thomas Kemball 02 

Philip Kertland 01 

John Stanwood 01 

Philip Stanwood 03 

Robert Pease 03 

Thomas Baker 05 

Benjamin Jones 01 

Joseph Fellows 01 

John Lynd 05 

Joshuah Boynton 05 

August 24 th 1676. 

Jonathan Fan torn 05 

Peter Chever 03 

Samuel Perkins 03 

Richard Jacob 14 

Sept 23 d 1676 

Richard Prince 02 

Samuel Peirce 00 

James Chafe 01 

Edward Sewery 02 

Michael Derick 10 



18 00 

08 00 

16 00 

09 04 

09 04 

10 00 
10 00 

17 08 

10 00 

11 00 

08 00 

09 06 

10 00 

11 00 
08 00 

12 06 
02 00 

08 06 
12 00 

09 06 

16 00 

17 00 

09 06 

10 04 

10 12 
04 00 

18 00 
15 10 

11 04 
18 00 

12 06 
02 00 
00 00 



Capt. Brocklebank wrote from Marlborough to Gen. Denison, 
March 26, 1676, asking that he and his company may be relieved 
to go home, giving his reason that they had been in the country's 
service fr since the first of January at Narraganset, and within one 
week after their returne were sent out again, having neither time 
nor money (save a fortnight's pay upon the march) to recruite 
themselves. *' Fortunately the Journal contains the credits of these 
men, seven of whom were paid by Capt. Brocklebank, £00 12 00, 



192 Newbury and the Bartlett Family. [April, 

showing that six shillings per week was the wages of a private in 
the service of Massachusetts Colony at this time ; and there is not, 
that I am aware, any other direct proof of this, or any statement, 
except that given below, showing the wages of soldiers at that time. 
My own calculations agree with those of Mr. Sheldon, of Deerfield, 
that this was the price. This will show the time of their service up 
to February 5th to be five weeks, and £01 10 00 will represent the 
wages of those who were discharged at that time, and by this reck- 
oning they entered the service Saturday, January 1st. I think 
thirty shillings was captains' pay, and Capt. Brocklebank's credit of 
£7 10 00 covers the same time. 

I have found one other confirmation of my own calculations that 
this was the rate, viz., a bill presented by Serg't Ezekiel Woodward 119 
of Maj. Appleton's company, in which his pay was for nine weeks 
as a common soldier, £2 14 00, and he petitions for sergeant's pay. 
This shows the term of service in the Xarragansett campaign to be- 
gin Saturday, Dec. 4th, as it closed, we know, on Feb. 5th. 



N 



NEWBURY AND THE BARTLETT FAMILY. 

By John Coffin Jones Browx, Esq., of Boston. 

O colony in the Province of Massachusetts had so definite a 
purpose in its settlement as Newbury, and none furnished men 
of more exceptionally sterling character than this old town, whose 
250th anniversary was celebrated during the past year. The capi- 
talists who organized this settlement for the first stock-raising town 
in the province, had selected the site as the only place left in its 
domains which was well suited for stock-raising and distribution, at 
a time when the prices obtained for domestic animals was the high- 
est, and the earlier settlements were arranging to secure the broader 
meadows of Connecticut. 

Sir Richard Saltonstall, Henry Sewall, Richard and Stephen 
Dummer, with others in England and here, were the projectors of 
this movement. After having offered sufficient inducement to the 
Wiltshire colonists, who came with Rev. Thomas Parker in the 
Mary and John, to become the nucleus of the settlement,* they 
"completed their plans by the purchase of Flemish stock to add to 
their own domestic herds, and largely increased the number of ori- 

119 Serg't Woodward had been under Maj. Appleton in the Fall Campaign, but in the 
Narragansett Campaign served in Capt. Gardner's' com nany, and was there credited. Many 
of the veterans were thus transferred and acted as officers to the newly raised companies, 
without their rank and pay being officially credited by the Council, as the promotions were 
made in the field, and the stress of events precluded formalities and details in discipline. 

* " Mr. Parker was at first called to Ipswich to join with Mr. Ward; but he choosing 
rather to accompany some of his countrymen (who came out of Wiltshire in England) to 
that new place, than to be engaged with such as he had not been acquainted withal 'before, 
removed with them and settled at Newbury."— Hubbard's Hut. of X. E. t p. 192. 



1886.] Newbury and the Bartlett Family. 193 

ginal settlers by contracting with the Wiltshire people, accustomed to 
the care of cattle and to the handicrafts growing out of the devel- 
opments of such a community, to join their Old-England neighbors 
in this new settlement. . 

Gov. Wfttthrop, in his History of New England, under date of 
June 3, 1635, records the arrival of the new colonists and of the 
Dutch cattle : "Here arrived two Dutch ships who brought 27 Flan- 
ders' Mares at £31 a mare, and 3 horses ; 63 heifers, at £12 the 
beast ; and 88 sheep at 50 shillings the sheep. They came from 
the Tressell in 5 weeks and 3 days, and lost not one beast or sheep. 
Here arrived also, the same day, the James, a ship of 300 tons, 
with cattle and passengers, which came all safe from Southampton, 
within the same time. Mr. Graves was Master, who had come 
every year for these seven years." 

In the Massachusetts Records, July 8, 1635, is the following 
order : " It is ordered, that there shalbe a convenient quantity of 
land sett out by Mr. Dumer and Mr. Bartholemewe within the 
bounds of Newebery, for the keepeing of the sheepe and cattell that 
came over in the Dutch shipps this yeare, and to belong to the own- 
ers of said cattell." 

The simultaneous arrival of these different vessels from different 
countries, in precisely the same length of passage, and that a very 
rapid one, must have created considerable excitement in Boston, 
and have been looked upon as providential. 

The ship James had upon its passenger list the names of John 
Pike (representing his family also) and Thomas Coleman. Robert 
Pike, the son of John, was the moral and fearless hero of Xew Eng- 
land. His name stands to-day as the first and strongest represen- 
tative of the right of petition — as the potential power which squelched 
the witchcraft delusion — and as a man who proved to the church 
and the state that a man's position in the state could not be govern- 
ed by the theological opinion of its legislators and rulers. 

Thomas Coleman, who had based a contract with the projectors 
of this new colony for the care of its cattle, upon their glowing ac- 
count of the temptation of the climate and the small expense for 
housing, found that he had been deluded by the proprietors, and 
notwithstanding the importance and esteem which would come from 
their wealth, he boldly threw the responsibility upon them for the 
proper care of their cattle, and the General Court ordbred a division 
of the provender so that each owner should take care of his own 
cattle. 

The same disregard of position by those who imposed upon the 
rights of others, has been a noticeable quality in his descendants, 
who were among the earliest and most persistent to show the wrongs 
of slavery and the rights of man. 

Judge Sewall, "the Diarist," was impressed with the truth of 
the opinions of Robert Pike and the Colemans, and the regret of the 

VOL. XL. 18 



i 
194 Newbury and the Barllett Family. [April, 

Judire for his share of the witchcraft delusion came from the im- 
pressions forced upon him by the townsmen of the Merrimac valley. 
Whenever referring to the Judge, it is always pleasant to think of 
the general kindness of his nature in such direct opposition to the 
character of his grandfather, who was one of the capitalists to found 
Newbury, and who was in quarrelsome condition with church and 
man from his landing here until his death — the probable cause of 
which will be referred to in a note to his mother's will in the Gene- 
alogical Gleanings in England in the next number of the REGISTER. 

Of the projectors of Newbury, Sir Richard Saltonstall was repre- 
sented by Dr. John Clarke, the patentee of a stove a century before 
Franklin's invention. He was the owner of the Flemish mares and 
horses, and he, as well as the Sewalls, transferred that part of their 
stock-raising to Plymouth and the Cape. Many descendants of the 
doctor were famous in Boston as physicians and surgeons, and his 
live stock was noted and valuable through scores of years. 

The names of Dummer and Sewall require no special note, as the 
generosity of the Dummers is proverbial, and the Sewalls have main- 
tained until now the qualities of mind and of heart which become 
judges and rulers, but was unfortunately beclouded in the original 
settler from personal and financial troubles of his own, caused by 
losses at sea, when insurance companies did not exist. 

On the last day of Feb. 1633-4, nine ships were lying in the river 
Thames, bound for New England, when orders were issued that the 
vessels be detained until new articles in relation to passengers should 
be promulgated. These required the masters to furnish bonds of 
£100 each, to cause to be observed and K putt in Execucion these 
Articles " among others : 

" 2 nd . That they cause the Prayers contained in the Book of Common 
Prayers established in the Church of England to be said daily at the usual 
hours of Morning and Evening Prayers, and that they cause all Persons 
on board said Ships to he present at the same." 

" 3 d . That they do not receive aboard or transport any Person that hath 
not a certificate from the olncers of the Port where he is to embark that 
he hath taken both the Oathes of Alleigeance and Supremacy." 

Among these vessels were the ships Mary and John, and the Her- 
cules, in which Pev. Thomas Parker and his Wiltshire friends and 
neighbors embarked. The principal number of passengers came 
over in the Mary and John, while those most interested in the cat- 
tle accompanied them in the Hercules. Changes of passengers were 
made in these vessels after they had first embarked. 

The Elizabeth and Dorcas, which had a cargo of cattle and goods 
belonging principally to Henry Sewall, was also one of this fleet. 
This property was in charge of Henry Sewall, Jr. Bad. luck struck 
this vessel from her start — striking upon the rocks off Scilly Isles 
near England, then making an extremely long passage, losing sixty 
of her passengers by death on the way over, and many more in 



1886.] N'twburu and the Bartlett Family. 195 

Boston who landed sick but soon died. In consideration of the great 
loss of human life the lives of the cattle were too trivial to notice; 
that the loss was large there is no doubt. "When the goods of Hen- 
ry Sewall were being shipped later on from Boston to Ipswich in 
an open pinnace, the pinnace was sunk in a storm off Cape Ann 
and all the goods were lost. 

Lists of passengers were made up without much detail, some giv- 
ing the names of men only in representing the family ; others giving 
an accompanying list of the names of women and children, and 
pther lists combined the two. 

Upon the list of the Mary and John is the name of Rev. Thomas 
Parker, the religious leader of this moving colony. He had been 
driven away from Oxford, shortly after entering, on account of the 
nonconformity of his father with the forms and ceremonies required. 
After studying awhile in Ireland he went over to Leyden and fin- 
ished his education in the University at Holland. Like most of the 
Pilgrims he found solace in sinoimrthe tunes of his own home, while 
surrounded by those who spoke in a different language. He had a 
very sweet voice, and was a remarkably good singer. "We can ap- 
preciate the zest with which he led the music at the devotional exer- 
cises on the passage over. Winslow wrote : " We refreshed our- 
selves with singing of psalms, making joyful melody in our hearts 
as with our voice, there being many of our congregation very ex- 
pert in music ; and indeed it was the sweetest music that mine ears 
ever heard." 

Rev. Thomas Parker could have repeated this with truth. The 
love of music went with him to Ipswich and to Xewbury. To both 
of these towns he introduced the music printed with Sternhold and 
Hopkins's metrical version of the psalms ; and besides, he had no 
disrespect for the service of the Episcopal Church, if shorn of its 
genuflexions and peculiar dress. Evidently the daily services on 
board the vessel were looked back to with pleasure, and Mr. Par- 
ker was stigmatized by one of the Boston ministers as being like " a 
colt who kicked its dam," because he was not now averse to Bish- 
ops, after they had persecuted his father in previous years. How- 
ever, the Mathers wrote very complimentary lines regarding the 
bishops of their time, and said that if the established church had 
been as kindly in the earlier days, there would have been no >»ew 
England. 

Among this moving "Wiltshire colony was Richard Bartlett* and 
family. It is most likely that they were on the same ship with 
Parker, as we find the name of his son, John Bartlett, representing 
the family. 

Richard 1 Bartlett was probably married in lfilO, as his first child 
was born in 1(311, according to modern wavs of dating. In lbT2 
he purchased a Bible, which Mr, John Ward Dean, the editor of 

• The name of Bartlet is found in Wiltshire. See pedigrees on page 201. 



196 Newbury and the Bartlett Family, [April, 

the Register, has minutely described on p. 203. This book, which 
for more than twenty years had been the full source of their religious 
instruction, at home and in the parish church, was now to be used with 
joy and reverence twice each day while they were crossing the broad 
Atlantic. It contained also the Book of Common Prayer, together 
with Sternhoid and Hopkins's metrical version of the Psalms and the 
music to them; prefixed to which was instruction in music, and the 
spiritual songs of Yeni Creator, Te Deum, Ben edict us, Magnificat, 
Audi Israel, Pater Noster, the X. commandments, and many others. 
The Rev. George E. Ellis stated at the 250th anniversary of the 
first church in Boston, that f 'The very rarest volume — so rare, that 
I know not of a single copy — in all our treasured repositories, shelves 
and cabinets of relics, books and papers, gathered from the homes 
of our first generation here, is the Book of Common Prayer of pre- 
vious or cotemporary editions." 

When this richly prized and sacred memento of the Bartlett fami- 
ly was displayed at the Xewbury celebration, it brought up to the 
minds of those familiar with its daily use on ship-board and in the 
churches at Ipswich and Xewbury, the potent power of a single vol- 
ume used as this had been. After the prescribed services of the 
morning and afternoon were concluded, we can see the groups of 
passengers enjoying a regular praise meeting of song, and particu- 
larly noticeable is that of the Bartlett family ; perhaps now the 
children are singing "The song of the three children praising God, 
provoking all creatures to doe the same," the boys Richard and 
Christopher joining with no uncertain tones, as the diamond-shaped 
notes are scanned, with the hideously crowded old black-letters be- 
neath them, giving the music and words to the quaint old song ; 
now, the whole company will close in singing " The Lord's Prayer 
or Pater Hosier " and the rich voices of the father and elder son, 
with the flute-like voice of Joan, combined with those of the child- 
den, give us an idea of the home-concerts of this music-loving 
family. 

It has been considered doubtful whether Richard 1 Bartlett the fa- 
ther had ever come to Xew England ; but in the Salem Probate 
papers, in the will of Richard 2 the son, born in 1621, he mentions 
his honored father, late of Xewbury. Joshua Coffin only found 
one piece of evidence of his life : " Richard Bartlett petitioned the 
general court and was granted twenty pounds according to his peti- 
tion." But Coffin did not copy the record correctly. It was Rich- 
ard Brackett, the gaoler of the province, who had petitioned. The 
record is in June, 1639. 

In Coffin's list of grantees, dated 1642, the names Richard, John 
and Christopher appear, and there was no known reason why John 
and Christopher should each have a right in commons and their bro- 
ther Richard have none, but it is now supposed that the senior Rich- 
ard's right was arranged to be given to his son Richard, Jr. 



1886.] Newbury and the Bartlett Family. 197 

On page 295 of Coffin's History of Newbury, was given the gen- 
ealogy of the Bartlett family, to the best of his ability, with the im- 
perfect records* for assistance. lie supposed Richard and John were 
brothers, instead of being father and son, and he misplaced some of 
the children of the next generation. The venerable Levi Bartlett, 
of Warner, N. II., has adopted some of Coffin's errors. The record 
in the family Bible, as given at the end of this article, transcribed 
by Mr. Dean, gives an authentic base to start upon. 

Richard 1 Bartlett, above mentioned, died May 25, 1647 ; his daughter 
Joane, 2 born Jan. 29, 1G 10-11, married William Titcomb, who is 
stated by Savage to have come in the Hercules. If so, the name 
of William Latcome (Reg. x. p. 2GG) is probably intended for Wil- 
liam Titcomb. Probably Thomas* and Anne 2 died in England. 

John 3 Bartlett {Richard 1 ), born in England, Nov. 9, 1G13. His name 
is upon the list of passengers of the Mary and John, 24 March, 
1633-4 (Reg. vol. ix. p. 2G7), and upon the list of 91 proprietors 
of Newbury, dated Dec. 7, 1642, " having proportionable right in 
all waste lands, commons, &c." (Collin's Hist., p. 292.) Jan. 11, 
1643-4, new town laid out. His lot is No. 27. He was elected 
Way-warden, April 27, 1G48, constable 1G49, and was selectman 
twenty years afterward. There are no church records of Newbury 
before 1G74. At this date, according to a printed church manual, 
John 2 and his wife Joan were members. He died, as appears upon 
a list of deaths furnished by William Little (president of the New- 
bury Hist. Soc), Feb. 5. 1G78. Children : 

i. Jane, b. . (The first book of Births, Marriages and Deaths is in 

bad condition, and many entries are destroyed. The first date of an 
entry of the Bartlett family which is preserved, is in 1645.) She in. 
William Bolton, Jan. 1(5, 1664-5. 

ii. Jonx, b. 1039. He took the anti-papal oath required by the King (and 
ordered by the General Court) of all his sabjecta within this colony, who 
were of years to take an oath. (Reg. vol. vii. 349.) He had an only 
son Gideon ; the daughter Mary (mentioned by Coffin and Bartlet) was 
the child of John and Mary (Rust). 

Christopher 2 Bartlett {Richard 1 ), born in England, Feb. 25, 1G23-4. 
He died March 15, 1060-70. His daughter Mary died Dec. 2-1, 
1660. The records as printed by Coffin and Bartlet are correct. 
The only son of this line, Christopher, 3 lived in Haverhill, who, be- 
sides daughters, left an only son Christopher, 4 whose property was 
situated in that part of Haverhill which was in New Hampshire 
after the boundary line of 1741 was settled. (See History of Ha- 
verhill by Chase.) 

Richard 2 Bartlet (Richard 1 ), born in England, Oct. 31, 1621. The 

- records of his marriage, his wife Abigail's maiden name, and the 

details of his early history, can only be known when the lost papers 

* The church records of Newbury prior to 1674 have either been lost or destroyed. It 
has been said. that they were destroyed "to bury in oblivion the old quarrel." The town 
records from 1635 to 16S5 were corni titled with the proprietary records, and the volume has 
been subject to hard ussjjrc ; for year after year the records are entirely lost. What remains 
of this book was copied very carefully by Lothrop Within^ton, at the expense of Robert 
N. Toppan, now of Cambridge, and this copy was presented to the Historical Society of 
Newbury. The land grants had been copied in 1680 into another volume, but the dates 
were omitted,— only the names being given. 

VOL. XL. 18* 



198 Newbury and the Bartlett Family. [April, 

and records of Newbury come to light — if ever they do. He proba- 
bly died in Ainesbury, as there is no record of bis death at Newbury; 
the date given by Collin is 1698. 

Richard 2 Bartlet was prominent in church affairs, after Rev. Thomas Par- 
ker had changed his attitude in relation to church government and discipline. 
From the beginning Mr. Parker felt the necessity of a head of authority 
in the church, but allowed the voice of the brethren in church affairs 
while he had confidence in the judgment of the majority. At the settle- 
ment of Newbury, the brethren acted in the admission of members by vote, 
and all the affairs were conducted in a congregational way ; but in 1669 
Parker had determined that the pastor represented the government of the 
church, and members in opposition to the pastor could only *• express 
themselves by their silence ;" in matters approving his own course, " he 
no ways approved a (joverning vote in the fraternity, but took their consent 
in a silential way" Either way, he appeared to be a petty-pope in his own 
parish. Finally, in 1671, Mr. Parker had a majority to act with him, and 
succeeded in obtaining a judgment of the court at Ipswich; in consequence 
of which. Richard Bartlet and his brother-in-law "William Titcomb were lined 
four nobles each, — 26 shillings 8 pence; and John Bartlet, Sr. and John 
Bartlet, Jr. — the brother and nephew of Richard — were each fined 13 
shillings and 4 pence. 

We can judge of the respect felt towards him in Newbury by the fact 
that he was its delegate to the General Court for many years, beginning 
with 1G79; this was shared by the neighboring towns. Haverhill had 
been greatly troubled for want of proper accommodation from those to 
whom its mill-privileges had been granted, but who had not fulfilled their 
agreements to the town's people; to remedy the evil, in 1678, "'the town 
unanimously ' voted, that Richard Bartlett of Almsbury be granted the 
privilege to set a saw-mill in Haverhill, on the north meadow river.' " 
Bartlett lived near the Haverhill line, and we presume that his mill was 
built on the site of what are now known as Peaslees Mills (Chase's History 
of Haverhill, p. 132). He agreed, among other conditions, that he should 
pay the regular rates (that is, taxes) at Haverhill. 

It appears by his will, a summary of which is given hereafter, that he 
had, while living, given liberally of his real estate to each of his sons; the 
writer does not know to which of them he gave the house in Amesbury, 
mentioned by Chase ; " thre parsells of upland and meddow in Amesbury 
bounds," consisting of 300 acres, valued at £80., remained in his posses- 
sion, as appears by the inventory of his estate, and were distributed in 
accordance with his will. 

When in 1688 taxes were levied under Gov. Andros, Richard Bartlett's 
taxable property in Newbury was given, and the law required that all male3 
above 14 years of age should also be registered upon the lists; yet it was 
noticed that no " head," meaning person, was indicated as represented with 
his property. This fact tends to recognize the idea that he was personally 
rated at Haverhill, in fulfilment of his contract. The thrift of the family 
can be judged of by perusal of the Newbury tax lists in the Register, 
vol. xxxii. pp. 156-164. A copy of his will, and of the inventory of his 
estate, I have deposited in the vault of the N. E. Historic Genealogical 
Society, for reference. The following items are upon the inventory, the 
spelling modernized: — 

Wearing apparel, woolen and linen and boohs £8. 0s. Od. 

A carpet, flax, wool, a piece of cloth, yarn, a cutlass £3. 10s. Od. 



1886.] Xeiobury and the Bartlett Family. 199 

These two lines were selected because each line mentioned a power in the 
family; without doubt the Bible bought in 1G12 by his father waa one 
of the boohs ; and I have no doubt but that identical cutlass was girt by 
Richard himself around the loins of his son Samuel as he mounted his horse 
to hasten to Boston and join in the overthrow of Andros; this was in April, 
1689. This Samuel Bartlett was the great-grandfather of Bailey Bartlett 
of Haverhill, who accompanied John and Samuel Adams to Philadelphia 
in 177G, when the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed; and Bailey 
Bartlet was grandfather of that intrepid hero, Gen. William F. Bartlet, who 
left his studies at Harvard College in April, 18G1, to join in suppressing 
the Rebellion ; he was the youngest General in our army, — twenty-: wo 
years of age, — to which position he was appointed for his gallantry. The 
details of his valor are fresh in the minds of the whole people, north and 
south, and his generous fraternal feeling towards the foe who tried his 
mettle, has been one of the many noble examples of the brave soldiers who 
have found the enemy worthy of their steel. 

When Richard 2 made his will he committed his soul, body and spirit 
"into the everlasting arms of God, all sufficient, my Heavenly Father," and 
had '* hope of a happy and glorious resurrection in the great day of the 
Man Christ Jesus." There was no cant in these expressions ; their idea 
of religion has been expressed b}* a west-of- En gland poet, 

.... as designed 
To warm and cheer the human mind 

And make men happy, good and wise, 
To point where sits in love arrayed 

Attendant to each suppliant call, 
The God of universal aid — 

The God, the father of us all. 

The family was remarkable for its united fraternal feeling, embracing 
their marriage connections with the cordiality of consanguinity. They held 
together in the troubles of the first church on the broad ground of equal 
brotherhood in heart and voice. After a second church had been formed 
in the vicinity of their homes, which a larger neighborhood threatened to 
draw away, they offered to maintain the church in their own vicinity, and 
bear their portion of expense of the distant church until dismissed;* but a 
mob came from the larger neighborhood and ruthlessly tore down and carried 
away the meeting-house near the Bartlet homes. This aroused their right- 
eous indignation, and resulted in their felling trees and hauling them towards 
the desecrated site of their worship, and expressing their determination to 
erect a new church in a fortnight. This the people and the Court tried to 
prevent, but were unsuccessful, except in delays. Finally, after ic was 
completed, the only way in which it was found possible to use it, was to 
announce that they considered the Church of England, with whose services 
they were familiar, as orthodox, and had appealed to the Bishop of London 
and to the governor of the colony (Dudley) for protection and encourage- 

* Eleven men of this family signed the petition in February, 1709, against the removal of 
the meeting-house to Pipe-stave Hi. i, viz.: Richard, Sr., Jr., andTertius; John, Sr.. Jr., 
andTertius; Samuel, Sr.and Jr.; Thomas, Daniel and 2s athaniel. Six used one ftermin i.:.ive 
used ft. Variation in spelling Sawyer occurred in the same paper ; Samuel, Benjamin ' : on 
and Josiah wrote their names Sawyer; Jonathan omitted the w. Of the men who •• cut 
and hailed timber" fur the new church, Stephen bartlet was one, not Stephen Brown .^5 
printed in Coffin's History of Newbury. 'Ihe name of the carpenter who assisted, is wrirten 
Ischipher Lunt, not Shipper Lunt, as Coffin gave it, which was doubted by Savage. H . ~ is 
his name recorded at Lis birth, 29 Nov., 1G7U ? It appears iikc a '• bad spell " intended :^r 
Ichabod. * 



200 JVewbury and the Bartlett Family, [April, 

ment. As their old church building had been destroyed, they would no 
longer consent to pay towards the expenses of " the dissenters." The 
governor promptly replied, favoring the views of the petitioners; and the 
Bishop was happy to pray, " God prosper your pious endeavors." This was 
early in 1712. 

The influence of Parker in favor of home services and music was carried 
by his pupils to their homes. Judge Sewall had the Psalms read iu his 
family iu regular course ; at home and in the meeting-house he liked to 
lead the singing, but frequently found that when he had intended to start 
with one tune, he had led off with another. The Bartletts had no trouble 
of this kind; fortunately this family possessed a violin, and after prayers 
and collect, the instrumental music was a correct guide for the voices, in 
time and tune, and without doubt they too went through the Psalms in 
order, following the music in their family Prayer-book. Samuel 3 Bartlett, 
the son of Richard, 2 was widely known as a fine fiddler in his time. These 
Wiltshire men had high hopes of the restoration of the Stuarts, and many 
of the first settlers, like Parker, lived long enough to see it, and to be dis- 
gusted with Charles II. The Prayer-book of the Bartletts contained a 
prayer for Queen Anne of Denmark, wife of James I. (the first of the 
Stuarts) ; when her great-granddaughter Queen Anne, wife of George of 
Denmark, was upon the throne, this first Episcopal Church at Newbury 
was named in her honor — Queen Anne's Chapel. Rev. Matthias Plant, 
its third Rector, married the youngest daughter, of Samuel 3 Bartlett. and 
he had the pleasure of recording among his memoranda of natural phe- 
nomena in the church records, under date of October 9, 1727, iu his full 
description of the earthquake, " The very first shock opened a new spring 
by my father Samuel Bartlet's house in the meadow." 

Under the auspices of this Chapel, St. Paul's Church of Newburyport 
was developed, — a monument to the power of the use of a Book of 
Common Prayer brought over by a first settler.* 

Will of Richard Bartlett, Senior. 

In the Name of God and by His Assistance, I Richard Bartlet Sen*, of 
Newbury in the County of Essex in the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay iu New England do humbly comitt my soule .body & spiritt both in 
life & death into the everlasting arms of God all sufficient my Heavenly 
Father & unto Jesus Christ my allone Saviour & Blessed Redeemer thru 
the power & presents of His eternal Spirit my body to ye earth whence 
its origiuall was taken in hope of a happy & glorious resurrection in ye 
great day of the Man Christ Jesus to Him be Glory both now and ever, 
Amen: 

And for such good things of this world as it hath pleased God to co- 
mitt to my stuard ship I as much as in me is do dispose as is hereafter 
expressed. 

Imprimis I give to my son Samuel Bartlet one third p* of my lott of 
upland & meadow in Alrasbury called the Pond Lott by the plaine. Also 
one third part of my Sawmill Lott in Almshury. Also, one third part of 
that lott of upland w ch I bought of James George iu the towneship of Aims- 
bury w th all the priviledges to the said parcells of land belonging to be 

* William Little, president of the Newbury Historical Society, kindly aided th? writer 
by examining Newbury records from its settlement in 1G3-3 to 1700, for" details regarding 
this family. j. c. J. B. 



1886.] Newbury .and the Bartlett Family. 201 

the lawful inheritance of my said son Samuel Bartlet his heirs and assignes 
forever. As also all the lands & meadow w cU I have formerly given to my 
said son as by deeds maye appear. As also one third p t of a freehold or 
priviledge in the comons or undivided lands in the towne of Newbury ori- 
genaly belonging to my honored Jather Richard Bartlet late of Xewbury, 
deceased w & all the priviledges that may or shall arise thereby in time to 
come. 

[The same item repeated to sons Richard and John — the words in Ital- 
ics not having been written in the item to son Samuel.] 

Item I give to my granddaughter Tirza Bartlet the daughter of my son 
Thomas Bartlet (late of Newbury deceased) three acres of upland adjoin- 
ing to his house, &c. — but if she die, &c. then to my three daughters Abi- 
gail, Hannah & Rebecca Bartlet. 

Item, to my three daughters (above named) I give my dwelling house 
and barn and orchard and land adjoining about 12 acres; also one freehold 
in the comons of Newbury, purchysed of Mr. Henry Sewall of Newbury, 
&c. — also several lots of land, specified. 

Ite My will is & I do hereby appoint my three daughters, namely, Ab- 
igael Bartlet, Hanah Bartlet & Rebecca Bartlet to be the executors of this 
inye last will & testament, giving and bequeathing to them besids what I 
have formerly given them, all the rest of my estate not mentioned in this 
my will, whither debts dew to me bye bill bond booke or other wise or what 
ever may heer after appeer to be mine my debts & funerall charges being 
by them discharged. 

Lastly I do apoynt Tristram Coffin Esq r & my cosen* John Bartlet 
and my three sons aforenamed as overseers to advise my execut r in the 
management of the trust committed to them in this my last will & testa- 
ment. Heerby renouncing all former wills of mine. 

Dated 19 April, 1695. Proved July 18, 1G98. 

"Wiltshire Bartlets. 

From Visitation of Wiltshire, 1623. By G. W. Marshall, LL.D. 
John Bartlet of Cherton,= Agnes, dau. of John Benger, 
co. Wilts. | of Alton, co. Wilts. 



Bobert Bartlet = Anne, dau. of Rich. John Bartlet = Alice, dau. of John Earburie 



living 10.^. J Lavington. of Wilsford, (2d son) 

j co. Wilis. of Connock in 

p'ochia de 



of Alford, co. W^ilts. 



I I I I TTn Cherington. 

1. Rich. »onne, hey., aet. 20, 1C23. 1. Anne. J 

2. Koht. 2 Jane John, son and heir, aetat. 9 mons. 

3. Will'm. z. Margaret. 2- Anne, set. 10. 

4. John. 4. Cicilte. • ^*ry, **. 8. 

John Bartlet, of Alcanings=Jane, dau. of Rich. Lavington 
of Welsford (Wilsford) 



Will'm Bartlet, fil et baer = Eliz'h, dan. of Anthon. Goddard, of Cleeve-Pip. 
Anthony Bartlet = Jane, dau. of Dan'l White of Knighton. William. John. 

Will'm, fil et haur, aet. 7. Elizabeth, et. 3. Jane, aet. 1. 

Cheringtnn (called Chcrton) is about four miles south-east of Devises; All-Canning is 
the same distance, a little north of east. These towns contained the landed property or the 
wealthier families of the Bartlets. Alton is about three miles east from All-Cannings, while 

* Indicating a brother's child. 



202 Newbury and the Bartlctt Family. [April, 

Wilsford is two miles cast of Cherincrton. Clyffe-Pypard (called CIceve-Pip) is nine miles 
as the bird flics north of All-Cannings. This area contained the homes of the younger sons 
of these families. The name of the heir only is given in the second pedigree — Willi im may 
have had a brother Richard (unrecorded here), named for his grandfather Richard I. iving- 
tou. Anthony Goddard had a nephew Thomas: was this the Thomas Goddard who came 
in the James and probably returned to England ? 

The Catalogue of Cambridge graduates (Eng.), from 1760 to I860, contains the names of 
thirteen Bartletts, and one Barttelot, viz., George Sinythe Barttelot, A.D. 177-5 — 177S A.M.; 
the Barttelot pedigree states that he died unmarried. October, 1773! 

From Oxford, between 1673 and 18S2, twenty Bartletts graduated. (No Barttolots.) 
The name of Bartlett is common in Wiltshire, Devonshire, Somersetshire, &c. 

Note. 

It has been claimed, within the last quarter of a century, that Richard and John 
Bartlett of Newbury, and Thomas Bartlett of Watertown, were three brothers, — 
sons of Edmund Barttelot of Ernley, who died in 1591, who was a son of Richard 
Barttelot of Stopham ; and that they " sold back " their portion of the land in 
1634 to make a fair start in New England. This fabrication has been built up on 
the mere resemblance of name, and is disproved by every known fact. John of 
Newbury was the son of Richard of Newbury ; while Thomas of W'atertown. who 
was born in 1594, was a poor servant in the employ of Pelham in 1631, and sold 
his master's tools to raise money enough to bridge over some of his expenses : and 
not one of them ever signed his name as Barttelot. although the home chapel of the 
latter family is full of memorials of family pride, with its surname distinct and un- 
variablc from A.D. 1423 until the most recent times. 

The surnames Batt, Bartlett and Barttelott, are all mere pet diminutives of the 
baptismal name of Bartholomew; the two latter merely indicating little-Bart, and 
shows that the family names, like those of John-son, Jack-son and Williamson, 
came out of the personal name of a landless father. 

W. S. Smith, a distinguished English writer on heraldry, says " it is the ambi- 
tion of every family in England, which seeks to display genealogical and heraldic 
honors, to claim descent from some ' Norman knight ' who came over with the 
Conqueror." 

The Barttelot family may be classed anion? them. They claim descent from 
Adam 1 Bartelot, who is stated on the family pedigree to have come over with Wil- 
liam the Conqueror, and to have died in A.D. 1100. From him in direct descent 
are given William, 2 John, 3 Robert, 4 Thomas, 5 John, 6 who married Joan de Stop- 
ham, and died A.D. 1428. Six generations, covering 328 years, or nearly 55 years 
to a generation. 

If the pedigree is examined from A.D. 1428 towards our time, which C3vers a 
period with corroborative record, 11 generations average less than 25 years each. 

It is almost needless to say that every, thing driven of a previous date to John 5 was 
fabulous. The indenture by which he acquired possession of the Stopham lands is 
dated 7th year of Richard II. (A.D. 1384), and his father may have been a man 
without a surname — simply known as Bartholomew. 

I have not known an instance where a New Englander of intelligence, descended 
from our early settlers through lines of increasing wealth or reputation, had not 
been handsomely received and entertained b\ r the present representatives of the 
" County family " from whicii he supposed that his New England progenitor was 
derived. 

Many members of the Bartlett family have visited Stopham, and while appreciat- 
ing the courtesy of the host, listened to stories of chivalrous knights, and questi med 
about the broad acres of the family. Prof. S. C. Bartlett, of Chicago, wrote after 
visiting Stopham in 1874, that " an accurate pedigree of the line has been kept from 
1069 down to Ada Mary, the youngest daughter of Col. Walter B(arttelot), who cel- 
ebrated her 12th birthday in August, 1674," and Col. Bartlett himself wrote that 
" the records in the church are complete from John Barttelot, who was born early 
in 1300 ! down to the present day." 1 have before mentioned that this John Bar- 
tellot acquired the estate in 1344 and died in 142S. In the same letter Prof. Bart- 
lett wrote that "the estate is a large one, some 7000 or 8000 acres," but the gov- 
ernment record gives it as 3633 acres, with a gross inc jine of £4793. 

It is necessary in writing of genealogical mutters to show the diversity of printed 
Btaternents, so that the present reader, after hearing both sides of the story, may 
judge of its truth. 



1886.] 



Newbury and the Bartlett Family. 



203 



Tup: Bartlett Bible and its Record. 

before us the copy of the Breeches Bihle, which was 
exhibited at the Newbury Quarter Millenary Cele- 
bration, June 10, 1885 (Keg. xxxix. 380). It 
belongs to Miss Elizabeth G. Hoyt, of Chelsea, 
Mass. It is a black-letter Bible, quarto post, very 
much trimmed down. Prefixed to the Bible, which 
includes the Apocrypha, is the Book of Common 
Prayer, and appended are a Concordance, with 
Sternhold and Hopkins's version of the Psalms. The 
latter has printed notes for singing the tunes. The 
title-page and several pages of the Prayer Book 
are wanting, and this is also the case with the Old 
Testament. A portion of the title-page of the New 
Testament is gone, including the date. The title- 
pages of the Concordance and the Psalms are pre- 
served, the first dated 1611 and the latter 1610. 
Some pages at the end of the Psalms are wanting. 
The title of Concordance states that it was " Collect- 
ed by K. F. H.," and the preface is dated 1578, and 
signed "Robert F. Herrey." 

On the front margin of the page on which the 
4th Chapter of 1st Esdras is commenced, is the fol- 
lowing writing* of which a fac-simile is driven in the 



an 



Richard Bartlett Bought this hooke Anno Domyni 1612. 
At the end of the Prayer Book is a blank page 



on which is written in the same handwriting 
following record : 

I Richard Bartlett writ this for 
the age of my children 

Joane Bartlett borne in 

Jauuarey 20. 1610 wensday 8- of the 

cloke at nyght 

T-leaues *^°* m ^ AVt ^ orne * the . 9 . of 
dav * novem1jer • 1G13 • a- 11- of the clok 
* in the day 

Thomas Bart borne Januarey . 22 
1G15 

Rich Bart was borne October 

day 
the 31 . 1621 wens A mor 3 clok 

Cris B the . 2o . of febru' 
being y l yeare S. mathias 1623 
betwen . 12 . & . 1 . in the morn 



the 



204 Early American Engravers, [April, 

[All above this is writteu in one shade of ink and apparently at the same 
time, except the marginal entry and the interlined word day, which are m 
the same ink as the following entry :] 

Anne Bart was borne the. 26. of 
februarye being sonday about .12. 
of the clocke in the day in the 

yeare 1625 Editor. 

[T~r Miss Hoyt gives this history of the Bible : " This Bible came to my father's mother, 
who was Sally "Kermison, the daughter of Dolly Bartlett and Moses( ?) Ken::;- m. Dolly 
Bartlett, my great-grandmother, was the sister of Joseph Bartlett who lived, in my fa- 
ther's boyhood, at Bartlett's Corner, about half way between Ame^hury Ferry and "'The 
Mills.' Joseph lived exactly on the comer, and Dolly, my father's grandmother, lived 
three houses beyond. They were descended from the'Banletts who st-ttled or'_;i:a!ly, in 
163-5, at Bartlett's Cove, near Chain Bridge. The ;Bible was brought over by rhe'ori- 
ginal settlers. My father, Mr. William Hoyt, son of Aaron Hoyt and Sally Ken'nison, was 
bom in Aniesburv, June 14, 1S03. He is now living at 16 Suffolk Street, Chebea, Mass." 



BRIEF NOTICES OF THE EARLY AMERICAN 
ENGRAVERS. 

By Mr. Richard C. Lichtexstei.v, of Boston. 

MR. LICHTENSTEIN, who has the largest collection of book- 
plates in New England, has furnished us with the follow- 
ing list of engravers who did work in that line for New Eng- 
land families. We shall give reproductions in future numbers, show- 
ing the style of the work of each, with lists of their productions. 
So little was known in relation to descent from definite English an- 
cestry of many of the owners of the plates, that the heraldic claims 
indicated by the engravings require proof of consanguinity before 
their right to the use of the armorial bearings can be admitted. — Ed. 

A. Anderson, born 1775, died 1870. Engraved on copper before 1812, 
after that only on wood. Have seen no book plate engraved on wood. 

Callender's name first appears in Boston Directory for 1789, and from 
that time until 1805, and not after. 

Dawkins came over from England ; first settled in Philadelphia : en- 
graved music in 17G1. Plate in American Magazine, 1767, etc. Was in 
New York about 1774. Anderson remembers seeing coats of arms done 
by him before 1775. 

T. M. Furnass, Kurd's nephew, about 1775. 

S- Hill. Name appears in Boston Directory for 1803. Engraved por- 
trait of Dr. John Clarke, 1799. 

N. Hurd, born 1729, died 1777. Earliest dated plate of his 1749 ; very 
rude. 

Benjamin Hurd, about 1750. 

Thomas Johnson, born 1706, died 1767. Engraved music, Boston, 1755. 

P. R. Maverick, born 1755; in 1787 had a shop in New York. Dun- 
lap the painter was a pupil of his. 

P. Maverick, son of the above, born 1780, died 1831. Was superior as 
an engraver to his father. 



1886.] Notes and Queries. 205 

P. Revere, born December 1731 O. S., January 1735 N. S. ; died ^Lay, 
1818. All the book plates I have seen have the evidence of having been 
done before the Revolution. 

Turner. Engraved music, Boston, 1714; portrait of Dr. Watts, 1716. 
Book plates evidently done about this period. 

Note.— In the Boston Evening Post for 1745, there appears an advertisement of 
Francis Garden, iately from London, who engraves book plates on copper. Have 
come across no signed work of this engraver in this country ; have several speci- 
mens of his London work. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

The Records known as " Bishops' Certificates. " — The Public Records of Eng- 
land cover so much ground and extend through so long a series of years, that there 
are few Englishmen who have ever been, or are likely ever to become, the subject of 
historical or biographical research, about whom something may not be gleaned from 
them. It was a wise and judicious course, amply justifying the great outlay, to 
bring together into one building, from their scattered repositories, a collection of 
records which no other country in the world possesses in nearly so ample a measure. 
All honor to the late Lord Roniilly, whose bust so fittingly finds place in the Lite- 
rary Search Room of the great national building in Fetter Lane, which his wisdom 
and forethought not only called into existence, but made to promote, in so strik- 
ing a manner, the interests of historical truth. In having recourse to its treasures, 
the only difficulty is to know just where to look, what class of documents to con- 
sult, a point on which it is of course necessary to be definite and precise, and this 
difficulty is due to the extent, variety and multifarious character of the stores which it 
contains. Books are accessible in it which throw light upon its innumerable con- 
tents, but the time which persons can spend within its precincts is too precious to be 
consumed in details which might be mastered at home. I therefore counsel those 
who contemplate availing themselves, either personally or by an intermediary, of 
the facilities which the Record Office atfords, to prepare themselves by some ade- 
quate knowledge of its contents. I am usually able to visit the office myself, and 
tbus have no need to employ those professional agents, most of them respectable, 
intelligent and competent, who make a business of Record work. Speaking for 
myself, I have often been astonished how new sources of information seem to open 
up when fresh subjects engage the attention. 

I desire now to notice the documents known as " Bishops' Certificates," which 
give particulars of the Institutions to ecclesiastical dignities and parochial cures, a 
subject of very general interest which comes before almost all writers of biography. 

Until the new order of things with respect to the Public Records came into effect, 
the only practicable way of obtaining information of this nature was by application 
at the Registry of the jurisdiction within which the benefice was situate, a step 
which might be, and often was, attended with considerable expense. The officials, 
with gradually increasing exceptions, naturally required payment of the fees to which 
they were rightfully entitled, making no distinction between inquirers for literary 
purposes and professional inquirers fur purposes of legal business. This afforded no 
ground of complaint, for the Registrars could not be expected to place their time 
and the time of their clerks at the service of strangers gratuitously. Now this is 
changed, so far at least as respects a period commencing in the reign of Henry VIII., 
and particulars which could heretofore be obtained only from episcopal officials scat- 
tered throughout the country, can now be readily procured in one metropolitan 
office. 

How it conie3 to pass that what has been done for that period cannot be extended 
to an earlier, may be explained in a word : the means do not exist. The govern- 
ment has no control over episcopal registers, and the documents which, having 
found their way from one of the courts of law to the Public Record Office, have 
made that possible which has been accomplished, only begin in Henry's reign, and 

VOL. XL. 19 



206 Notes and Queries, [April, 

originate from an enactment which was then made. Henry, who was po fond of 
meddling with the Church for purposes of his own pecuniary gain, took care that First 
Fruits, which before his time had gone to the Pope, should thenceforth be paid to 
the Sovereign. With a view to their being duly collected, the Archbishops. Bish- 
ops, and any other bodies (of whom there were some few) exercising episcopal ju- 
risdiction, were required to send in half-yearly, to the Barons of the Exchequer, a 
return of the names of all the persons whom they had collated, instituted or ad- 
mitted in the previous six months to any ecclesiastical preferment liable to the pay- 
ment of First Fruits. The returns, which were regularly made, and have been well 
preserved, extend to all cathedral and collegiate dignities, as well as to all rectories 
and vicarages, with the exception only of benefices or a value so small as to have been 
discharged in the King's Books from the payment of First Fruits. They are enter- 
ed on parchment rolls, which are kept in bundle^, each bundle comprising a period 
of five years. The following will give an idea of the particulars recorded : 

** Octavo die mensis Februarii. anno supradicto, Reginaldus Courtenay, clerieus, 
in artibusmagister, institutus est ad vicariam ecelesias parochialisde Leighton B-au- 
desert, in comitatu Bedfordiensi [ad praesentationem Decani et Canonicorum Liberae 
Capellce Regis infra Castellum suum de Windsor] per mortem [Joannis Buckeridge, 
cleriei], ultimi incumbentis ibidem, tunc vacantem." 

But so complete a form, not being necessary for the purposes of the return, did 
not commonly obtain, and the usual entry does not comprise the details whieh I 
have placed within brackets. Institution, as L need scarcely say, is a function spe- 
cially appertaining to the episcopal order, but in some instances other bodies have 
acquired the right to institute, or to admit to benefices. Thus, the Dean and Chapter 
of St. Paul's, as to various parishes in Essex, and as to some in the city of London, 
exercise episcopal or quasi-episcopal rights, and the returns of such bodies are in- 
cluded under the general head of Bishops* Certificates. Sometimes, as in the ease 
of the numerous dignities in St. Paul's Cathedral, all of which were in the gift of the 
Bishop of London, we get a two-fold return, because the practice was for the Bishop 
to M collate " his nominee, and for the Dean and Chapter to " admit " him. Dur- 
ing the vacancy of a see, — and Queen Elizabeth kept the see of Ely vacant for many 
years. — the Archbishop gave institution, so that when what is required is noi found 
in its natural place, the Archbishop's certificates should always be searched. Care 
should be taken to ascertain to what jurisdiction in matters ecclesiastical the bene- 
fice was subject. In the City, for example, where the parishes are very numerous 
and very small, so small that the site of the Bank of England occupies the entire 
parish of St. Christopher de-Stocks, church included, great diversity prevailed in 
this respect. In the olden time a man liked to see the parish in which he was 
born, or his college, become a peculiar, exempt from the ordinary ecclesiastical au- 
thority of the district, and acknowledging that of some dignitary of his own choosing. 
Curious examples might be mentioned, but I will content myself with specifying 
one. Cambridge is, locally, within thedioceseof Ely, but King's College, with its pre- 
cincts, which once comprised some few houses, is part of the diocese of Lincoln, whilst 
the Provost, as the head of the college is termed, formerly had the right of granting 
probate of the wills of all persons dying within the college or its precincts. With- 
in his jurisdiction he was paramount, both in civil matters and in matters eccle- 
siastical, subject only to the Visitor appointed by the Royal Founder. So with re- 
spect to the 6inall London parishes, one might be in the peculiar jurisdiction of the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, its neighbor in that of the Dean and Chapter of St. 
Paul's, and another adjoining parish might be subject to the Bishop of Rochester, 
all three being entirely independent of any authority of the local ordinary, the Bish- 
op of London. Newcourt's Repertorium, in two volumes, is the most complete au- 
thority upon all ecclesiastical matters relating to the old diocese of London, which 
comprised the counties of Middlesex and Esisex, with some parishes in adjoining 
counties. And here I may a congratu late this Society upon the thoughtful action of 
the librarian in purchasing a copy of this work, which he was able to secure at a 
price not exceeding, I imagine, one fourth of that at which any former copy had 
been sold. Newcourt was Registrar of the diocese of London, and derived his ma- 
terials from the records in his official custody, so that he is silent with respect to 
those parishes which, though locally within the diocese, were not subject to the 
diocesan. In such cases as these, the series of Bishops ; -Certificates is most useful, 
and by its aid I have myself supplied various omissions in Newcourt. 

There is another mode in which the approximate date of Institution may be ar- 
rived at, when the actual date cannot be ascertained. An incumbent was allowed 
time for payment of the composition for First Fruits, which was secured by his bond, 



1886.] JVotes and Queries. 207 

with sureties. I forget at this moment whether the bonds themselves rue preserved 
in the Public Record Office, or whether the particulars only of them are to be seen 
there. The date of the bond is a clew to the date of Institution, and ma}* serve in 
its place, whilst the names of the sureties are often a guide to further researches re- 
specting the incumbent. In my own investigations I have frequently been able to rest 
content with an examination of the Index to the Composition Records. This most 
useful compilation is arranged either in dioceses or in counties (my memory does 
not enable me to say which), and the Compositions, with date of each, are arranged 
in chronological order, so that it is easy to single out and collect the succession of 
the incumbents of any particular benefice. It was probably an aid in the transac- 
tion of his duties which was piepared by some former official of the First Fruits 
office, and was afterwards purchased by the nation. b. 



John Harvard and Cambridge University. — In the article with this heading in 
the January number, after "John Harvard Midlsex : Decern. 19, 0.10.0," the fol- 
lowing lines were accidentally omitted : 

" On the same page, in a list of names is this : 

■ Hawered 0. 10. 0.' " 
It is to this list in which the name " Hawered'' occurs that the next paragraph refers: 

*' The list has been conjectured to be a summary of previous more detailed en- 
tries, but I find no sufficient evidence to support this conjecture." 

1 find that I was wrong in supposing that the entry " Midlsex" against Har- 
vard's name in the " Reczpta " indicates the residence of his mother. The follow- 
ing article in the New York Nation, February 18, 1SS6, states the matter correctly. 

John Harvard: A Difficulty Solved. — To the Editor of the Nation: Sir: It 
appears to be clear that John Harvard was born in Surrey, at Southwark, and it is 
certain that when he went up to Cambridge in 1627 he was described at Emmanuel 
College as of Middlesex. This is the matter upon which I propose to offer some 
observations, with the view of removing an apparent discrepancy, for which some 
would account by the statement that in 10537 he was probably living in London with 
his mother and her husband. How far this is satisfactory will appear from what 
follows. 

The first point of inquiry is in what manner in Harvard's time the questions ad- 
dressed to a young man on entering college were put, and I think we are not with- 
out a guide which will lead us in a certain direction. When St. John's College 
published the first part of its Admission Register, which begins in 1629-30, it was 
an object of interest with me to identify, for my own information, some of the places 
which appear in it iD a form truly grotesque. For reasons into which I need not here 
enter, I was led to rely mainly upon sound, and. having thus succeeded in overcoming 
difficulties which appeared almost insuperable, I arrived, upon independent grounds, 
at the same conclusion as the editor of the Register [of St. John's College], namely, 
that the entries were made from statements taken down from the lips of the persons 
admitted ; and there was no doubt uniformity of practice among the different colleges 
of the University. 

The next point is, What was the nature of the questions ? and this renders it neces- 
sary to speak of the object which they had in view. That object was not, as the man 
of to-day might suppose, the mere collection of useful statistics, but was to indicate 
for what scholarships and other advantages, restricted to those b >rn in a certain 
district, the person admitted was eligible. It is ignorance of this leading fact which 
has led into error those who hitherto have actempted to explain the matter. The 
place at which the person was residing when he went up to the University, was 
foreign to the scope of inquiry ; the place of birth being alone material. 

The chief question, then, which was put to John Harvard at Emmanuel College 
was, where he was born, and the entry of Middlesex leaves no doubt that his reply 
was "in London." It is stated that "the precise locality of his birth was the High 
Street of Southwark, and the statement derives corroboration from that which pro- 
ceeded from his own lips. The High Street of Southwark, which extended south- 
ward from London Bridge to the spot where stood St. Margaret's Hall, formed part 
of the City of London, being included in the City Ward of Bridge Without, so that 
a person born in that street properly described himself as born in London. z. 

Cambridge, England, Feb. 12, IbSfj, 



208 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Proclamation, 1814. — The Register has been furnished by N. J. Herrick, Esq., 
with the following interesting document from the original in the possession of Mrs. 
Charles A. Milliken, of Maiden, Mass. 

-4. Proclamation. 

Whereas, Sir John Sherbroke did by proclamation capture ail that part of the 
District of Maine lying betwixt the Penobscot & St. Croix Rivers for and in behalf 
of His Majesty the King of Great Britain, 1 do by all the power in me vested declare 
it recaptured excepting Castine & Eastport for and in behalf of the United States 
of America, and the subjects thereof having again become citizens are hereby or- 
dered to conduct themselves accordingly. 

And whereas, it has been customary for British officers to declare large extent of 
sea coasts in a state of blockade without a sufficient force to enforce such blockade ; 
I do by my power as aforesaid declare all the Ports, Harbors, Rivers, Bays, and 
Inlets from the River Penobscot to the River St. Croix that remain in actual Pos- 
session of the En'y in a state of vigorous blockade, having under my command a 
sufficient force to enforce the same, and the officers under my command are hereby 
ordered to govern themselves accordingly. 

Done on ooard the Schooner Faun in Machias River this 17th day of November 
1814 and nailed to the Flagstaff of the Fort at Machias. 

Alexander Milliken, 
Commander of the private armed Schooner Faun. 



Facts gathered from the Town Records of Norwich, Ct., by Frank Palmer. — 

Mr. Issac Lawrence Sen. d. 19 Apr. 1731, aged 73 years. His wife, Abigail, d. 
13 Sept. 1726, in the 64th year of her age. 

Isaac Lawrence (son of the above) mar. Susannah Read 15 Apr. 1708. Their 
children were 

Samuel, b. 27 May 1710: 

Hannah, b. 18 Mar. 1711-12: 

Deborah, b. 6 May 1714 : and their eon Jonathan, who d. 20 May 1733. 

Isaac mar. 2d, Oct. 9, 1755, Mary Jackson, he being then styled " Deacon." 

The children of Samuel Lawrence* (above) by his wife Mary were 

Josiah, b. 18 Aug. 1734: 

Jonathan, b. 15 Apr. 1736: 

Samuel, b. 5 Jan'y 1738-9: 

Mary, b. 8 Apr. 1741: 

Hannah, b. 23 July 1743: 

John, b. 19 Feb. 1745-6. - 

Deborah, b. 23 Jan'y 1747-8: 

Anne, b. 21 Dec. 1754: 

Susannah, b. 8 Feb. 1757. 

Hannah Lawrence (dau. of Isaac Jr. above) mar. 28 Feb. 1740 David Palmer 
(son of Thomas), and had by him 
Diah, b. 31 Jan'y 1740-1: 
John Davis, b. I Apr. 1743: 
Hannah, b. 15 Apr. 1744. 
Deborah, b. 12 Jan'y 1745-46 (who mar. Darius Webb ; see Giles Memorial, p. 

522): 
David, b. 3 Aug. 1747: 
Lydia, b. 14 July, 1749: 
Susannah, b. 11 Mar. 1752. 

Josiah Lawrence (son of Samuel above) mar. 18 Mar. 1761 Mary Branch, and 
had 

Mary, b. 19 Dec. 1761: 

Josiah, b. 29 Nov. 1763: 

Lucy, b. 23 Apr. 1765. 
Jonathan Lawrence (above) mar. Zeruiah Orsmby 29 Aug. 1759, and had 

Reuben, b. 23 June 1760: 

Lydia, b. 15 Jan'y 1762: 

Joanna, b. 31 May 1765. 

• Samuel Lawrence's inventory was taken 25 July, 1759. 



1886.] Notes and Queries. 209 

Samuel Lawrence (son of Samuel above) mar. 27 Nov. 1766 Thankfull Cady and 
had 

Solomon, b. 14 Sept. 1767. 

Hannah Lawrence (dau. of Samuel above) mar. 12 Sept. 1765 Samuel Palmer (son 
of Samuel, and gr'd-son of Thomas), and had 

Desire, b. 3 June 1766: 

Molly, b. 2 Apr. 1769. 

Note. — Mr. Isaac Lawrence, Sen., was the son of John Lawrence, originally of 
Watertown, but afterwards of Groton, Mass. Ho " Publickly owned ye Covenant 
of Grace " at the First Church of Norwich, Conn., in 1700; and was " Received 
into Full Communion " in 1702. He was, as was his sun Isaac Lawrence, Jr., one 
of the seven members — " the seven pillars on which the church rented " — forming 
10 Dec. 1723, the Newent or Third Ecclesiastical Society of Norwich, Conn. The 
Rev. Daniel Kirtland (the father of the Rev. Samuel Kirtland, the famous mission- 
ary to the Oneida Indians, and the grandfather of John Thornton Kirkland, presi- 
dent of Harvard College, 1810-182S) was another of the seven and their first pastor. 

Our town records spell the name " Lawrance." though in every case it is spelled 
" Lawrence " by the family and in the church records. The earliest town records 
exist only in a copy. 



Guilford Genealogies. — Alvan Talcott. M.D., of Guilford, Conn., will furnish 
in MS. for a moderate consideration, extended genealogical notes of the descendants 
of any of the early fathers of Guilford. The records will be arranged in families in a 
regular order, giving dates of birth, marriage and death, and bringing the line down 
to the present time, covering about two hundred and fifty years. The families hear- 
ing the following names have their records nearly completed: Bartlett, Benton, 
Bishop, Blatchly, Bradley, Bristol, Burges, Chittenden, Coan, Collins. Crampton, 
Cruttenden, Dowd, Dudley, Evarts, Field, Fowler. Graves, Griswold, Hall, Hand, 
Hart, Hill, Hotchkiss, Hubbard. Johnson, Kimberly, Landon, Lee, Leete, Meigs, 
Munger, Mnrray, Norton, Pnrmelee, Pierson, Robinson, Rossiter, Ruggles, Russell, 
Scranton, Seward, Shelley, Starr, Stowe, Weld, Willard. 

Extensive notes can also be given of the following : Baldwin, Coe, Conklin, 
Davis, Foster, French, Hopton, lloyt, Jones, Kirkham, Soper, Spencer, Stevens, 
Talman, Yaill, Walkiey, Ward, Wilcox. 



Scotch Record Examinations. — The Government has made provision for exam- 
inations which are purely antiquarian or genealogical, without office fees, it being 
distinctly understood that such examinations have no legal bearing. 

In order to obtain permission, the person for whom the work is to be done must 
apply by letter to Thomas Dickson. Esq., Curator of tne Historical Department of 
H. M. General Register House at Edinburgh. 

As the Government must be well satisfied as regards the antiquarian or genea- 
logical character of the work, it would be well to state, in asking permission, that 
the examinations will be conducted by some one well known at Edinburgh. No 
better name could be suggested than the Rev. Walter MacLeod, for he is considered 
the man there for such work, his charges are reasonable, and he acts there for the 
leading libraries and antiquarian societies. A. D. W. French. 



Washington, &c. Extracts from the Parish Rpcjister of Hurst, co. Berks, commu- 
nicated by the Rev. Francis J. Poynton, rector of Kehton. Somersetshire, England. — 

Marriages. 1567 Ausr. 3, John Washington & Alice Nashe, Widow. 

Burials. 1600 Aug. 30 John Washington. 

Marr:^ 1601 April 21 Thomas Newbeire [sic, I consider for Newberie, r. J. p.] & 
Alice Washington. 

Marr: 1656 July 21 Mr Humphrey Newberry & Mrs. Katherine Hestar. 

Marr: 1616 Mr. John Deane & Mrs. Mary Blagrave. 

VOL. XL. 19* 



210 Notes and Queries, [April, 

Queries. 

Founders of Ipswich, Mass. — What are all the names of the persons who settled 
at Ipswich in 1633? 

Felt gives the names of John Winthrop, Jr., William Clerk, Robert Coles, Tho- 
mas Howlett, John Biggs, John Gage, Thomas Hardy, William Perkins, John 
Thorndike and William Serjeant, and states there are three wanting to make up the 

list. A. D. W. F. 



Gurtley. — Can any one give me information concerning William Gurtley, " of 
Boston,'' Matross in Col. Lamb's N. Y. Re^'t of Artillery, Continental army, dur- 
ing revolution, and "served through war"? F. E. Hurley. 

Ithaca, N. Y. 



Thomas Teacher, Jr., merchant, oldest son of Rev. Thomas Thacher of the Old 
South, married Mary, daughter of Major Thomas Savage. Are there any descend- 
ants of any child or children of this marriage surviving ? Peter, the minister of the 
New North Church, died without children. So also, so far as is known, did Thomas, 
a mariner, though twice married. John married Mary Mould, August 4, 1709. 
The Boston records show no children, nor the death of either husband or wife. If 
they removed from Boston, whither? The daughter Elizabeth died at the age of 
seven, as appears from the journal of her uncle, Rev. Peter, of Milton. The only 
other child, Mary, appears to have married George Kilcup, May 15, 1712. The 
birth of two children of this marriage is recorded, George and Samuel, but no fur- 
ther notice of this family is found in the Boston records. 

Information on the subject of this inquiry would be gratefully received. 

85 Milk Street, Boston. P. Thacher. 



Clarke. — Who was Elizabeth, wife of William Clarke, of Ipswich, Mass., about 
1650? 

John Winthrop, Jr., William Clarke and several others, were the founders of 
Ipswich, Mass., in 1639. Address G. Albert Lewis. 

1834 De Lancey Place, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Atwell. — In Boltwood's "Hadley Families" appears the following: " Oliver 
Atwell married June 8, 1781, Jerusha Smith." Said Oliver was born in 1755, and 
was a soldier of the Revolution. Can any one give his ancestry, parentage and 
birth-place? Was he a descendant of Benjamin Atwell mentioned in Savage's Gen- 
ealogical Dictionary ? Geo. W. Atwell, Jr. 

Lima, N. Y. 

Sears. — Jacob Sears, of Lancaster, Mass., circa 1790, had sons Jacob, Jr., Arte- 
mas and David ; perhaps other children. 

Any information relative'to him, his birth-place, parents and wife, will be thank- 
fully received by Samuel P. May. 

Newton, Mass. 



Driver. — Information is wanted of the previous or past history of Richard Dri- 
ver, who married Nov. 16, 1758, Ann Wilson Robinson, who was born in 1740, and 
died in Boston, Nov. 11, 1779, as found on Trinity Church record, where the bap- 
tisms of their seven children are given. Their names were : Rosanna, m. James 
Holbrook ; Mary, m. John Berry; Ann Wilson, m. Richard Motley: Richard; 
Richard Thomas; Victor John; Sarah. He married second, May 3, 1731, Mary 
Christopher, as found recorded in Trinity Church records, Boston. His will was 
probated in Suffolk County, August 14, 1792. Anything concerning the aforesaid 
will be gladly received by Matthew A. Sticeney. 

119 Boston Street, Salem, Mass. 



Thacher.— In the London Guardian of Feb. 17, 1886, we find the following no- 
tices, which we insert as being of interest to many readers of the Register : 

** One pound reward will be paid for the discovery of the record of the marriage 

of Peter Thacher and Anne , in 1614. probably in the County of Somerset. 

Mr. Thacher was Vicar of Milton Clevedon, Somerset, from 1616 to 1622, and Rec- 
tor of St. Edmund's in Salisbury, from 1622 to 1640." 



1886.] Notes and Queries. 211 

" One pound reward will be paid for the discovery of the record of the birth of 
Thomas, son of Peter and Anne Tliacher, believed to be May I, 1620, prob- 
ably in the County of Somerset. Address, in each case, Rev. F. \V\ Weaver, Mil- 
ton Vicarage, Evercreech, Bath." 



Replies. 

Brush {ante, p. 106). — Observing in the Register for the current year, page 106, 
the inquiry of " Delta " regarding Crean Brush, and thinking that whatever I may 
contribute, if it do no good can do no harm, I will remark that 1 find in Hall's 
Eastern Vermont, page 609, in a biographical notice of Crean Brush, the following : 

" With the adjournment of the Assembly on the 3d of April, ended Mr. Brush's 
career as a legislator." " During the summer which followed the commence- 
ment of hostilities in the colonies, Mr. Brush probably remained in the city of New 
York, working as best he might for the good of the King. In the fall he repaired 
to Boston." 

The address of the author referred to is B. II. Hall, Esq., Troy, N.Y. 
Bennington, Vt. G. W. Harman. 



Fire in Boston, 1775 (ante, p. 106). — " 1775, May 17. On the evening of this 
day, a store on the south side of the Town Dock, occupied as a barrack by British 
Troops, took fire by the bursting of some cartridges, imprudently handled by the 
soldiers. About thirty warehouses and buildings were destroyed, with great part 
of the effects, contained in them, some of which were donations to the town, for re- 
relief of the inhabitants suffering under the oppressive Port Bill." — Mass. Hist. 
Hoc. Coll., 1st Series, 3, 271. 



Historical Intelligence. 

Col. Chester's Oxford Matriculations and Marriage Licences, Edited by 
Joseph Foster. — Mr. Foster, the well-known genealogist, author of the British 
Peerage and Baronetage, and other works, has recently purchased, at a cost exceed- 
ing £1000, the late Col. Chester's Oxford Matriculations Registers, 7 Vols., and 
Marriage Licences, 5 Vols., with the intention of printing these intrinsically price- 
less MS6. uniformly with the publications of the Harleian Society, for the advantage 
of his numerous genealogical friends in America, as a memorial of the great and 
good work he did for them in England. He makes this preference because, so far 
as England is concerned, he would like to retain for himself the monopoly of these 
manuscripts, and because he believes the American people will appreciate the labjrs 
of their own countryman far more fully than Englishmen would, as the proposed 
work will enable them to place printed copies of these distant and inaccessible Old 
^England registers on the shelves of their very own libraries ready for immediate 
reference. He therefore appeals to Americans to reciprocate his efforts, and hold 
him harmless from pecuniary loss, by subscribing for 250 copies of these works, 
which he desires to print only for them. 

It is obvious that a work on such a scale as this can only be produced at a great 
cost. Including the very heavy sum paid for Col. Chester's manuscripts, and the 
vast amount of trained labor involved in transcribing them for publication (the an- 
notation the editor proposes to do himself as a labor of love), the actual expense of 
bringing out the work is estimated as between two and three thousand pounds. It 
cannot be expected that so great an expense should be incurred till sufficient promises 
of support have been received to warrant the editor in putting it in hand without 
prospect of heavy loss. The Oxford Matriculations will be issued in two volumes 
at a subscription price of ten guineas (not two guineas as printed in the January 
Register). As an inducement for Col. Chester's friends and American genealogists 
to cooperate with the editor, the work will be offered at nine guineas to those who 
subscribe for two copies, and at eight guineas to those who subscribe for three. 

The Marriage Licences will be issued in five large royal octavo volumes, at £2. 
12s. 6d. a volume. 

This enterprise is heartily commended by the editor of the Register to the pat- 
ronage of the American people. 

Mr. Foster's address is 21 Boundary Road, London, N. "W., England. 



212 Notes and Queries. [April, , 

Parish Register of Wilton, England. — The oldest register of the parish of 
Wilton, Somersetshire, entitled, " A Boockc of Register whearin are conteyned the 
names of those \v ch have beene Christnied, Wedded, and Buried w'thin the P'ish 
of Wilton fi'rom the yeare of our Lorde God 155S untill the yere L7U," has been 
transcribed by Mr. Houghton Spencer, and will be published by subscription. The 
work will consist of HO pages, corresponding with the number in the original. The 
price will be 5s. post free. Any profit arising from the publication will be devoted 
to the funds of the voluntarily supported Parish School of Wilton. Address Hough- 
ton Spencer, Corse, Taunton, England. 



Fletcbek Family Union. — This association, instituted at Lowell, Aug. 30. 1876, 
and consisting of descendants of Robert Fletcher of Concord, Mass., will hold its 
fourth meeting at Lowell, Mass., August 25 and 26, 1886. 



Leighton Genealogy. — This book, noticed in the January number, was published 
by subscription at s3 instead of the price there named. It is an octavo of 127 pages, 
and copies can be furnished at the subscription price by the author, Mr. T. F. Jor- 
dan, Metuchen, N. J. 



Town Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating to 
any of these towns are advised to send them at once to the person engaged in writ- 
ing the history of that town. 

Durham, N. H. — At a town meeting in March last $900 was appropriated for 
publishing a history of the town. An additional sum is to be raised by subscrip- 
tion. The work is placed in the hands of a committee consisting of Lucien Thomp- 
son, W. S. Meserve, Joshua B. Smith, E. Jenkins and J. W. Coe. It is proposed 
that the price of the book shall be between three and five dollars a copy. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, especially service 
under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from colleges 
or professional schools, occupation, with places and dates of births, marriages, resi- 
dence and death. When there are more than one christian name they should all 
be given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 
known. 

Conant. By Frederick Odell Conant, A.M., 229 Commercial Street, Portland, 
Me. — Mr. Conant has spent much time and money in collecting materials for this 
work, and has now enough matter to fill a substantial octavo volume. The records 
include the Connet, Connett and Connit families. It will be embellished with a 
view of All Saints Church, East Budleigh, England, where Roger Conant was bap- 
tized, and other engravings, such as portraits, autographs, etc. Circulars and . 
blanks for genealogical returns will be furnished on application. A limited num- 
ber of copies will be printed. Price $5, with the right to advance the price after 
the subscription is closed. Correspondence in regard to family portraits and resi- 
dences is solicited. 

Gile and Guile. By Charles Burleigh, Portland, Me. 

Ginn, Genti, or Ghen. By Thomas Smyth, 3 Cordis St., Charlestown, Mass. — 
Mr. Smyth has a large collection of materials relating to this family, which was early 
in Northumberland County, Va., and later of Dorchester and Caroline Counties, 
Maryland ; Barnstable County, Mass., and the -eastern part of Maine. 

Goodrich. — The Goodrich Association, which has issued two parts of the " Good- 
rich Family Memorial," having obtained new and important matter, have abandon- 
ed their design to issue a third part of this work, and announce that Parts I. and 
II. will, if sufficient subscription be obtained, be enlarged and thoroughly revised, 
and with the matter intended for Part HI. published in one volume of not less than 
275 pages. Price to subscribers §2.50. Money already received for Part III. will 
be returned or applied towards the new work. Address II. C. Goodrich, secretary 
and treasurer of the Association, 70 Ogden Place, Chicago, III. 



1886.] Societies and their Proceedings. 213 

Hayward and Howard. — By Marcus T. Janes, No. 8 Mathewson Street, Providence, 
R. I. — Mr. Janes is preparing a genealogy and brief history of the descendants of 
"William Hayward, of Swansea, Mass., now generally bearing the name of Howard. 

Kidder. — Miss S. B. Kidder is collecting materials for a full genealogy of the 
Kidders in the United States. All communications will be thankfully received from 
persons possessed of any facts concerning them. The cooperation of those of the 
name is respectfully requested. Address Miss S. B. Kidder, 39 Court St., BostoA. 

Kidder. By F. E. Kidder, Allston, Mass. — The work which will be put to press 
this spring will be a history of the family in England, and a genealogical record of 
the descendants of James Kidder, of Billerica, Mass., through his son John, who 
married, in 168-i, Lydia Parker of Chelmsford. 

Leach. By Josiah Granville Leach, 733 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. — 
Having been engaged for more than a year past in gathering material for "a gene- 
alogy of the family descended from Lawrence Leach, one of the planters that came 
in the " fleet ".. with Rev. Francis Higginson, 1629, and settled at Salem. Mass., 
where he continued to live until his death, 1G62. The compiler solicits correspon- 
dence with all who have information to give, or who desire information, with refer- 
ence to persons bearing the name of Leach, or that have intermarried with the 
family. 

Utiommedien. — By Frederick L'Hommedien, of Deep River, Conn. 

Philbrkk. By Rev. Jacob Chapman, Exeter, N. H. — The book, which has be- 
fore been announced in the Register, will be put to press as soon as the author re- 
ceives orders for a sufficient number of volumes to pay for printing and binding the 
book. Price $2 a copy. 

Sears, Sare, Sayer, Sayre. By Samuel P. May, Newton, Mass. — Mr. May is 

Preparing a genealogical record of the descendants of Richard Sares, who settled in 
armouth, Mass., circ. 1640, and requests all possible information from any source 
in regard to the genealogy and history of this family. Information is solicited as 
to other families of the same name, of which there are several in this country and 
Canada, and of those by name of Sayre, Sayer, etc., especially as to what is known 
of their English ancestry. Blanks for family record will be mailed on application. 

Smith. By H. Allen Smith, 13 Fulton Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. — This genealogy 
will be devoted to the descendants of Rev. Nehemiah Smith, who came to this coun- 
try in 1637, and died at Norwich, Ct., in 1686. It covers a period of ten genera- 
tions, and includes one generation after the change of name by marriage. It now 
numbers 400 families. Any information will be gratefully received. Something 
in a biographical way is desired, if convenient — education, occupation, professional 
or military life. Photographs from life or from portraits or profiles are desired; 
also of plate, arms, furniture and other antiquities. Gravestone inscriptions and 
obituary notices will be of use. It is intended to publish the work at a price just 
sufficient to cover the cost. Circulars will be furnished to those who apply. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Mass., January 6, ISS6. — The annual meeting was held at the Society's 
House, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the president, the Hon. 
Marshall P. "Wilder, in the chair. 

The recording secretary, David Green Haskins, Jr., read the record of the pro- 
ceedings at the^December meeting. 

George K. Clarke, LL.B., in behalf of the nominating committee, reported a list 
of officers for the current year, and the persons nominated were unanimously 
elected. The officers for 1886 are : 

President.— Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., LL.D., of Boston, Massachusetts. 

Vice-Presidents. — Hon. Joseph Williamson, A.M., of Belfast, Maine; Hon. Jo- 
seph B. Walker, A.B., of Concord, New Hampshire; Hon. Horace Fairbanks, of 
St. Johnsbury, Vermont ; Hon. George C. Richardson, of Boston, Massachusetts ; 
Hon. John R. Bariiett, A.M., of Providence, Rhode Island; Hon. Edwin H. Bug- 
bee, of Killingly, Connecticut. 



214 Societies and their Proceedings, [April, 

Honorary Vice-Presidents.— George William Curtis, LL.D., of West New Brigh- 
ton, N. Y. ; Hon. Rutherford B. Hayes. LL.D., of Fremont, Ohio; Hon. John 
Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 111.; Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., of 
Washington, D. C. ; Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, l).D. t of Crawfordsville, Ind. ; 
Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., of Madison, Wis. ; Rt. Rev. William S. Perry, 
D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa ; Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., of St. Louis. 
Mo.; Rt. Rev. William I. Kip, D.D., LL.D., of San Francisco, Cal. ; Rev. 
Charles Breck. D.D., of Welisboro', Pa.; Rev. Edward D. Neill, A.B.. of St. 
Paul, Minn. ; Hon. Hovey K. Clarke, of Detroit, Mich. ; CharlesC. Jones, LL.D., 
of Savannah, Ga. : Rev. Willard F. Mallalieu, D.D., of New Orleans, La. 
- Corresponding Secretary.— Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Recording Secretary. — David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston, Mass. 

Historiographer. — Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., of Newton, Mass. 

Librarian. — John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Directors.— Hon Nathaniel Foster Saflbrd. A. B., Milton ; Hon. William Claflin, 
LL.D., Newton. Mass.; William G. Means, Boston; Charles L. Flint, A.M., 
Boston; Hon. John F. Andrew, A.M., Boston. 

Committee on Finance. — Hon. Alvah A. Barrage, Boston; Cyrus Woodman, 
A.M., Cambridge; Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, Boston; Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., 
Boston; J. Montgomery Scars, A.B., Boston; William Wilkins Warren, Esq., 
Boston . 

Committee on Publication.— John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston ; Rev. Lucius 
R. Paige, D.D., Cambridge; Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston; Jere- 
miah Colburn, A.M., Boston; William B. Trask, Boston; Henry 11. Edes, Bos- 
ton ; Henry E. Waite, West Newton ; Francis E. Blake, Boston. 

Committee on Mvnorials. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston; Albert H. Hoyt, 
A.M., Boston; Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M., Auburndale ; J. Gardner White, 
A.M., Cambridge; William B. Trask, Boston ; Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Canton; 
Arthur M. Alger, LL.B., Taunton. 

Committee on Heraldry. — Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem: Hon. Thomas C. 
Amory, A.M., Boston; Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston; George B. Chase, 
A.M., Boston ; John C. J. Brown, Boston ; George K. Clarke, LL.B., Xeedhain. 

Committee on the Library. — John T. Hassam, A.M., Boston; Willard S. Ailen, 
A.M., Boston; Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston; William B. Trask. Boston; 
Deloraine P. Corey, Maiden; Edmund T. Eastman, M.D., Boston ; Walter Adams, 
A.M., Framingham. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. — Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M., Auburndale ; 
Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Newton; Rev. David G. Haskins, S.T.D., Cam- 
bridge; William C. Bates, Newton; Charles C. Coffin, Boston; Rev. Artenias B. 
Muzzey, A.M., Cambridge; Rev. Waldo Burnett, A.M., Southboro' ; Alexander 
Williams, Boston. 

Col. Wilder, having for the eighteenth time been elected president of the society, 
proceeded to deliver his annual address, which is printed in full in this number of 
the Register {ante, pp. 13S-U6). 

After the address Mr. Wilder called the Hon. George C. Richardson, vice-presi- 
dent for Massachusetts, to the chair, and withdrew, the members rising as he pass- 
ed from the hall. 

Hon. Nathaniel F. Safford offered a preamble and resolution which was unani- 
mously passed, that whereas our venerable president has secured to this society for 
building purposes a sum exceeding §25,000, collected personally by himself, the 
profound thanks of the society be tendered to him for his earnest and successful 
efforts in its behalf, and that thanks be also extended to the noble and generous 
benefactors who have contributed this munificent endowment. 

The following annual reports were then presented : 

Rev. Edmund F Slafter. the corresponding secretary, reported that fifty-eight 
resident and ten corresponding members had been added to the society during the 
year. He also reported the usual correspondence relating to historical subjects. 

Rev. Increase N. Tarbox. D.D., the historiographer, reported the number of 
members who have died during the year, as far as known, to be thirty-nine, and 
that the average age was 73 years, 4 months, 27 days. Memorial sketches have been 
prepared and printed as promptly as the space at command will allow. 

Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported the total income of the year to be 
$3,637.92, and the current expenses §3,510.61, leaving a balance on hand of 



1886.] Societies and their Proceedings* 215 

3127.31. The amount of the Librarian's Fund is $12,763.13 ; of the Life Member- 
ship Fund, $10,917.74; of the Bradbury Fund, £2,500 ; of the Towne Memorial 
Fund, $3,654.90; of the Barstow Fund, $939.30; of the Bond Fund, $859.46 ; of 
the Cusbinan Fund, $97.51; of the Sever Fund, $5,000; of the Alden Fund, 
$1,000; of the Ru/sscll Fund, $3,000; and of the Building Fund, $25,023.19; 
making a total of the several funds in the hands of the treasurer of $65,790.23. 

John W. Dean, the librarian, reported that 522 volumes and 1876 pamphlets had 
been added to the library during the year. The library now contains 20,778 vol- 
umes, and 64,601 pamphlets. 

John T, Hassam. chairman of the committee on English Research, reported grat- 
ifying results, particularly in relation to the ancestry and birth of the founder of 
Harvard College (Keg. xxxix. 265, 325). 

Rev. Henry A. llazen, chairman of the committee on papers, reported that nine 
papers had been read before the society during the year. 

Col. Albert H. Hoyt, secretary of the committee on memorials, reported that the 
fourth volume of '* Memorial Biographies " had been completed and issued. 

John T. Hassam, chairman of the library committee, John W. Dean, chairman 
of the publishing committee, and Abner 0. Goodell, Jr., chairman of the committee 
on heraldry, submitted the reports of these several committees. 

Maine Genealogical Societf. 

Portland, Wednesday, January 2'/, 1SS6. — The annual meeting, adjourned to this 
evening, was held in Reception Hall, F. M. Ray, Vice-President, in the chair. 

The nominating committee reported the following list of officers, the first presi- 
dent of the society, John F. Anderson, having declined a reelection. The candi- 
dates were elected, namely ; 

President. — William H. Smith. 

Vice-President. — F. 51. Ray. 

Treasurer. — Frederick 0. Conant. . 

Secretary. — Charles Burleigh. 

• Librarian. — Stephen M. Watson. 

* F. 0. Conant, the treasurer, reported that the receipts for the last year were 
$85.35, expenses $67.50, balance in the treasury $17.75. 

F. M. Ray read a paper, entitled " A Batch of Old Papers and Books." 
L. D. Chapman read a paper on the "Ancient Military of Stroudwater." 
John T. Hull read a paper, entitled " A Stranger's Grave : James Binnatyne." 
Abstracts of these papers were printed in trie Eastern Argus, Jan. 28, 1886. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Saturday, January 23. 1886. — A meeting of the executive committee 
was held this evening, William Wirt Henry, chairman, and Robert A. Brock, 
secretary. 

A long list of donations of books, relics and manuscripts, was reported, among 
them a highly interesting document from George Fortunatus Judah, Searcher of 
Records, Spanish Town, Jamaica, \Y*. I., namely, a handsomely engrossed copy of 
the Royal Charter granted by Charles II., Sept. 27, 1668, to the Royal African So- 
ciety, the head of which was James, Duke of York, brother to the king. A descrip- 
tion of this document and a history of the company is printed in a report of this 
meeting, in the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 24, 1886. 

- Letters from several gentlemen were read, among them one from B. F. Stevens of 
London, in relation to his proposition to furnish the United States government with 
copies of unpublished documents relating to the American Revolution, in the public 
and private depositories of Europe ; another from George H. Moore, LL.D., of New 
York, in relation to the record, Feb. 21, 1682, given in llening's Statutes at Large 
of Virginia, in which John Buckner is stated to have been called before Lord Culpeper 
and his Council for printing the laws of 1680 without his excellency's license, and 
ordered to give bonds in £100 " not to print anything thereafter until his Majesty ? s 
pleasure be known." Dr. Moore inquires whether this record has ''ever been 
further fortified or discredited." The Secretary replies, that the records quoted by 
Hening were destroyed April 3, 1865, when the Court of Appeals building was 
burnt, but there is no reason to doubt that the entry was in the records. 

February 27. — A meeting was held at 8 o'clock this evening, Mr. Henry chairman, 
Gad Mr. Brock secretary. 



216 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Gifts of books, relics and manuscripts were reported. Mr. Brock, the correspond- 
ing secretary, reported that the next volume of the Society's collections, relating to 
the Huguenot Emigration to America {ante, pages 110-11), has been committed to 
the printer. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Nov. 17, 1885. — The regular fortnightly meeting was held 
last evening, the president, William Gammell, LL.I)., in the chair. 

A paper on k ' The Huguenot Influence in Rhode I.-land," by Miss Esther Bernon 
Carpenter, of South Kingston, was read by Prof. Lincoln. The paper is printed in 
full-in the Providence Journal, Nov. 18, 18S5. 

Dec 

chair. 

Amasa Eaton, of Providence, read a paper on " French Spoliation Claims and 
Rhode Island Claimants.'' An abstract of this paper is printed in the Evening 
Bulletin, Providence, Dec. 2, 1885. 

December 15. — A stated meeting was held this evening, President Gammell 
presiding. 

Carl \V . Ernst of Boston, editor of The Beacon, formerly a resident of Providence, 
read a paper on " International Law : its Theory and Practice as Defined by Henry 
Wheaton." He was followed by Hon. Abraham Payne with a ''Biographical 
Sketch of Henry Wheaton,"' who was born in Providence Nov. 27, 1785. Abstracts 
are printed in the Evening Bulletin, Dec. 16, 1885. 

December 29. — A stated meeting was held this evening, President Gammell in the 
chair. 

George C. Mason, Jr., of Newport, read a paper on " Apprenticeship and the 
Manual Training System." The paper is printed in full in the Evening Bulletin, 
Dec. 30, 1885. 

Chicago Historical Society. 

Chicago, 111., Wednesday, Nov. 17, 1885. — The annual meeting was held this day, 
Hon. E. B. Washburne in the chair. 

The librarian. Albert D. Hager, submitted his annual report, which showed that 
the accessions of books to the Library were 2709 bound volumes and 4532 pamphlets, 
which added to former collections made 12,024 bound books, and 35,388 pamphlets, 
a total of 47,412 books. Of these, 1308 were purchased with the income from the 
" Lucretia Pond Fund." 

During the year 795 volumes have been bound at an expense of $760.15, of which 
314 were newspaper files, and a large proportion of the other were serials and the 
publications of sister societies. 

The entire expenses for the year, including bills for book-binding, salaries, taxes, 
&c, were $1869.86. A balance of $725.30 was in the Society's treasury. 

Hon. Thomas Drummond, in behalf of the family of the late I. N. Arnold, pre- 
sented an oil portrait of Mr. Arnold, late President of the Society, which Mr. 
Washburne received for the Society with appropriate remarks. 

Mr. E. is. Mason, for the Executive Committee, made a report of the two trust 
funds of the late Jonathan Burr and Miss Lucretia Pond. The Burr Fund of $2000 
is safely invested in 6% interest bearing bonds, and $120 accumulated interest is in 
the treasury. 

The " Lucretia Pond Fund" amounts to $13,500, which is also safely invested. 
The accumulated interest, at last annual meeting, was $971.96. The amount re- 
ceived since is $810, making $1781.96. Of this amount $1400.53 have been ex- 
pended in the purchase of books. 

Hon. A. II. Burlev, for Trustees of the "Gilpin Fund," made report showing 
that the total of that fund was $71,279.67. Rev. M. Woolsey Stryker, Hempstead 
Washburne and John Moses were elected members. 

An election of officers for the ensuing year was then held, and the following was 
the result of the election : 

President. — Hon. E. B. Washburne. 

Vice-Presidents. — First, Edward G. Mason; second, Alexander C. McClurg. 

Treasurer. — Henry H. Nash. 

Secretary and Librarian. — Albert D. Hager. 

Executive Committee. — Hon. Mark Skinner, Hon. D. K. Pearsons. 



1886.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 217 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-EXGLAND HISTORIC 
GENEALOGICAL, SOCIETY. 

.Prepared by the Rev. Incrba.se N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, he is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Four volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the members who have died from the organization of the society to the 
year 1862. A fifth volume is in preparation. 

William Parsons, Esq., a benefactor and life member, admitted June 2, 18-17, 
was born is Gloucester, Mass., August 30, 1604, and died in Newton, Mass., July 
1, 1885, aged 80 years and 10 months. 

His earliest American ancestor was Jeffrey Parsons, of Gloucester, and we are 
indebted chiefly to lion. John J. Babson, of Gloucester, for the following details of 
his family line. Jeffrey 1 Parsons and Sarah Vinson married Nov. 11, 1657. He died 
Aug. 19, 1687. She died Jan. 12, 1703. Jeffrey, 2 born Jan. 31, 1666, married Abi- 

fiil Younglove, of Ipswich, May 5, 1636. The date of his death is not known, 
he died in 1734. Jonathan, 3 born Feb. 8, 1637, married Lydia Stanwood, Feb. 1, 
1711. Among their children were twin sons. Jame.s, 4 one of these twins, born 
Feb. 15, 1722, married Nov. 8, 1744, Abigail Tarr. They settled in Sandy Bay, 
nowRockport, Mass. He died in January, 1789. James. 5 born Oct. 25, 1746, 
married Deborah Lane in 1767, and died August 20, 1796. William, 6 married Mar- 
tha Post, and died Nov. 3, 1823, leaving an only son, the subject of this sketch. 

William 7 Parsons was married to Georgiana B. Messer, of Stratford, N. H., Dec. 
10, 1834. She was born in that town, March 14, 18 J 6. From this marriage there 
were seven children, four sons and three daughters. Of these one son died in 1853, 
and one daughter in 1833. Three sons and two daughters, with their mother, 
survive. 

Mr. Parsons having lost his father, who died when the son was nineteen years old, 
was called naturally to take charge of the business and shipping interests in which his 
father had been engaged. He received, therefore, an early practical business edu- 
cation. He remained as a merchant in Gloucester until he was more than forty 
years old, removing to Boston in 1845. 

Since coming to Boston, in the various business relations which he has sustained, 
he so conducted himself as to secure prosperity and success, and leave behind a rec- 
ord of honor in the wide circle of his associates and friends. 

Joseph Warren Tucker, Esq., of Roxbury, a resident member, admitted Dec. 26, 
1871, was bom in Dorchester, Dec. 1, 1800, and died in Boston Highlands, April 
21, 1885. His father, Elijah Tucker, was born in Milton, Mass., Feb. 24, 1765; and 
his mother, Rebecca Weatherby, was born in Dedham, Mass., May 7, 1769. His 
earliest American ancestor was Robert Tucker of Weymouth, 1635. Of his eight 
children James 2 was born in 1610. He was married, but the name of his wife is not 
given. Of his three children, James* was born in 1680, and married Sarah Baker, 
of Dedham, in 1707. Of their eight children, Joseph* was born in 1725, and mar- 
ried, 1754, Mary Dana. Of their eleven children, Elijah* was born as above, Feb. 
24, 1765. Joseph Warren 6 was therefore of the sixth American generation. He 
married Nov. 12, 1856, Mary Porter, daughter of Mr. Samuel Porter, of Portland, 
Me. From this marriage there were no children, and his wife died before him. 
■ The subject of this sketch, until the age of twenty-one, labored hard upon his 
father's farm in Roxbury, and having no advantages for education, except such as 

VOL. XL. 20 



218 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, [April, 

were afforded by the district schools of that period, which were of an inferior grade. 
However, by special studies after he had come of a^e, he prepared himself for school- 
teaching, and for some years taught district-schools in the winter. Then he began 
to serve as clerk in stores, until in 1827, when he went into the grocery business for 
himself. 

From 1837 to 1843, he represented the town of Roxbury in the Legislature. _ lie 
was also upon the b >ard of as-essors, overseers of the poor, and surveyors of high- 
ways. In 1810, he was elected selectman, serving till Roxbury was made a city, 
in 1816, when he was elected city clerk, and held the office during the whole period 
that Roxbury remained a separate city. 

Few men have had so many offices of trust. He was clerk of the First Religious 
Society (which was the John Eliot Church), he was justice of the peace, notary 
public, one of the directors of the People's National Bank, trustee of the Eliot 
Savings Institution, &c. In short he lived a long, laborious, honorable and useful 
life, and passed away quietly and peacefully in a good old age. His funeral was 
attended in the meeting-house of the First Religious Society of Roxbury, Friday 
afternoon, April 24. 

Dea. Jotham Gould Chase, of Springfield, Mass., a life member, was born in 
Anson, Me., March 30, 1816, and died of pneumonia in Springfield, Mass., Dec. 5, 
1884, aged 68 years, 8 mos. 5 days. 

He was the eldest son of Col. Jotham Sewall Chase and Mary Gould, daughter of 
Dea. Moriah Gould, of Norridgewock, Me., who were married in the year 1814. 
Jotham Gould Chase was the seventh in direct succession from Aquilla 1 Chase, 
through Thomas, 2 Thomas, 3 Josiah, 4 Josiah, 6 and Jotham S. 6 to Jotham G. 7 

Jotham Gould Chase was twice married — first, to Sarah C. S. G., daughter of 
James Brown Thornton, Esq., of S.ico, Me., born July 22, 1320 ; married April 29, 
1846; died in Springfield, Mass., March 10, 1817, leaving one son, James Brown 
Thornton Chase, born in Springfield, Mass., Feb. 22. 1847, and who is now living 
in Dakota Ter. He married second, Cornelia S., daughterof Jesse Savage, Esq., 
of Hartford, Conn., May 23, 1850, who with two adopted daughters, Cora J. and 
Ada G. Chase, survive him, residing in Springfield, Mass. Two grandchildren, 
Sarah Thornton and Jessie, daughters of James B. T. and Annie Chase, are now 
residing with their mother in Newport, R. I. 

Dea.Chase in early youth joined the Baptist church in South Berwick, Me. In 
1839 he removed to Boston, uniting by letter with the old Federal Street (now Cla- 
rendon Street) Baptist Church ; but he remained in Boston less than a year, re- 
moving to Springfield, Mass., in the spring of 1810, where he united by letters with 
the first Baptist Church in August of that year. For a long period he had entire 
charge of its choir and music, and for more than forty-four years has been one of its 
most active, earnest, reliable and spiritual members. Though voted for many times, 
it was not till January 1, 1850, that he would consent to accept the office of dea- 
con of the church, to which he was elected unanimously, and which he held until 
hie death. 

In public life he was honored by his fellow citizens several times with offices of 
trust in the city government, unsought by himself. Never a political partisan, he 
was a true, decided republican, heartily sustaining the general government in its 
struggle with rebellion, and rejoicing in the stability, freedom and emancipation 
which crowned its success. 

Dea. Chase entered the dry-goods business with Mr. Edward C. Wilson in Spring- 
field, in 1840, the firm being at first Wilson & Chase, and afterwards VVilson, Chase 
& Co. He continued in the dry-goods trade some six or seven years, when he left 
it to enter the lumber and buiiding business with Messrs. Decrete, Bayington & 
Co., with whom he remained until his partners removed to Chicago. He continued 
in the lumber trade, sometimes with partners and sometimes alone, until the close 
of his life. 

As a business man his character and integrity were ever beyond suspicion. He 
was cautious, industrious and persevering, giving his whole energies to his business 
enterprises, but winning success only by fair, upright and honorable dealing. The 
writer of this sketch has been personally and intimately associated with Bro. Chase 
in business, social and religious life, for nearly forty-five years, from our first meet- 
ing in the choir and Sabbath School of old Federal Street Baptist Church in Boston 
to the last thirty-two years of almost constant intercourse in Springfield. As a 
christian he was humbie, trustful and joyous. He delighted to contemplate M the 



1886.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 219 

bouse of many mansions," and looked with sure hope to be received to "his own 
prepared." As a friend he was true, tender and faithful. As an associate, lively, 
warm-hearted and cheerful. His eminent social qualities, his large information 
and easy conversational powers, his knowledge and enthusiastic love of music, made 
bim a most welcome addition to everv social circle which he entered. 

Dea. Chase had been a great sufferer, during his later years, from a painful 
chronic disease, which he bore with patient fortitude and resignation ; but his last 
illness was pneumonia, resulting from a cold taken only a week before his death. 
Sweet peace and joy, and faith without a cloud, sustained his last moments, and 
his mortal eyes caught a glimpse of the glories beyond the River ere yet he had 
passed Over, which left upon his countenance the radiant stamp of the signet ring 
of Heaven. 

By George P. Geer, Esq., of Springfield, Mass. 

Hon. William Warren Tucker, a benefactor and life member, admitted March 
19, 1869, was born in Boston, March IS, 1817, and died at Paris, France, Nov. 26, 
1885. His father was Alanson Tucker, born in Middleborouuh, Mass., Jan. 25, 1777, 
and his mother was Eliza Thorn, born in Londonderry, N. H., April 19, 1790. His 
father and mother were united in marriage May 9, 1809, and the lather died June 
1, 1863. His grandfather, Nathaniel Tucker, was born in Middleborough, Mass., 
Oct. 15, 1744, and his great-grandfather, Benjamin Tucker, was born in the same 
town in the year 1705 or 1706. 

After being fitted for college he entered Dartmouth and was graduated there in 
1835. He received the degree of A.M. from Dartmouth in 1838, and from Harvard 
College in 1S61. His class in Dartmouth College consisted of fifty members, among 
whom were numbered Hon. Amos Tuck, member of congress, Hon. John P. Healy, 
late City Solicitor of Boston, and Hon. Nathaniel Foster Safford of this city. 

He was united in marriage, March 30, 1843, with Susan Elizabeth, daughter of 
William and Susan (Ruggles) Lawrence, of Boston. From this marriage there 
were two children, William Lawrence, born Nov. 4, 1844, and Allan, born April 
20, 1848. 

He was a trustee of the Lawrence Academy of Groton, an institution endowed in 
part by his father in law, from 1844 to 1852, and in 1878 was a member of the 
Executive Council under Gov. Rice. 

At some time before 1851 he had entered into business arrangements under the 
firm name of Upham, Appleton & Go. This continued for a few years, when it was 
changed into Upham, Tucker & Co., commission merchants, No. 4 Milk Street. 
- Mr. Tucker was the translator or compiler of the following works : 

His Imperial Highness the Grand Duke Alexis in the United States of America 

during the Winter of 1871-72 For private distribution. [Compiled by W. 

W.Tucker.] 8vo. pp. 221. (1). Cambridge, 1872. 

His Royal Highness Prince Oscar at the National Celebration of the Centennial 
Anniversary of American Independence, held in Philadelphia, U. S. A., July 4, 
1876. [Compiled by W. W. Tucker.] 8vo. pp. +119. Boston. 1876. 

The Republic of San Marino. Translated from the French. Printed for private 
distribution. 12mo. pp. xiv. 170. Cambridge, 1830. 

The Neutral Territory of Moresnet. Printed for private distribution. [Trans- 
lated from the French.] 12mo. pp. 18. Cambridge, 1882. 

The Valley of Andorra. Translated from the French, and printed for private dis- 
tribution. 12mo. pp. 66. Cambridge, 1882. 

Isaac Child, Esq., a life member, admitted June 9, 1846, was born in Newton, 
Mass. (now West Roxbury), May 1, 1792, and died in Boston, Dec. 23, 1S35. His 
father was Daniel Child, born in Brookline, Mass., Feb. 19, 1751. His mother was 
Rebecca Richards (daughter of Capt. Jeremiah Richards), born in Roxbury, Dec. 
18, 1760. His earliest American ancestor was Benjamin 1 Child, born near Bury St. 
Edmunds, England, about 1615. From him the line ran through Joshua, 2 born 1658; 
Isaac, 3 born 1688; Isaac, 4 born 1722, and Daniel, 5 as above given, born in 1754. 

From a record left by himself we copy the following quaint and suggestive sen- 
tences : 

" My education, in common parlance, has been very limited, but that obtained in 
commerce with men and things through life, somewhat more extensive My 

food mother, being a past school teacher of Roxbury, singled rue from my four older 
rothers as fit for a higher range of education, should the pecuniary circumstances of 



220 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

my father seem to warrant, but that time did not arrive, and I did not attain even an 
academical education. But while she sat and treadled her little linen wheel, being 
1 apt to teach,' she prepared me fur a three months term under female tuition, in 
summer, and a similar term with male teachers in the winter." 

Mr. Child was three times married. Ili& first wife was Eliza, daughter of Benja- 
min Billings, of Roxbury. to whom he was married Nuv. 22, 1821. llis second wife 
was Maria, daughter of Phineas Eastman of Franklin, N. II., and his marriage with 
her took place July 4, 1848. She died April 2, 1653. His third wife, to wiiom he 
was married May 31, 1554, was Abby, daughter of Ely Forbes Baker, of Steuben, 
Me. This third wife survives him. There was one child, a daughter, by the first 
marriage, and two daughters by the third marriage. All these children are dead. 

Mr. Child was variously employed during his active life, and held several impor- 
tant trusts and responsibilities, as treasurer of the Williams Market, treasurer of 
our own society for three years, from Jan. 1857 to Jan. 1800 ; town clerk of Argyle, 
Me;, selectman, assessor, &c. 

All the initiatory w T ork of the Child Genealogy, a solid volume of 842 pages, was 
performed by him. His kinsman, Elias Child, who completed and published the 
work, says in his preface: " Correspondence was opened with Mr. Child, of Bos- 
ton, who had hitherto been unknown to me, which led to an arrangement with him 
for placing in my hands the material which he had, to be incorporated in the pro- 
posed genealogy. His matter forms the nucleus of this work ; not that it consti- 
tutes the larger amount, nor that it was arranged as incorporated in this work. The 
filling up of many branches partially traced by Mr. Isaac Child, and the discovery 
of many new lines, will swell the volume to threefold or more beyond his material. 
Yet had it not been for his industry and perseverance, it is probable the present 
work would not have been undertaken." 

■ Capt. Pearce "Wentwortd Penhallow, a resident member, admitted May 9, 1878, 
was born in Portsmouth, N. H., Feb. 27, 1817, and died in Boston, Mass., Dec. 9, 
1885. His father Was Hunking Penhallow, born in Portsmouth, N. H., October, 
1766, and died Sept. 24, 1826. His mother wa3 Harriet Pearce, daughter of 
David and Bethiah (Ingersoll) Pearce, born in Gloucester, Mass., March 28, 1780. 
His earliest American ancestor was Samuel Penhallow, born July 2, 1665, at St. 
Mabon, County of Cornwall, England, who came to New England in 1656, living 
first at Charlestown, Mass., and then at Portsmouth, N. H., where he married Mary 
Cutt, and by her had thirteen children. John, 2 born January 13, 1693, married 
Elizabeth, widow of John Watts, and had four children. Of these, John 3 married 
Sarah, daughter of Hunking Wentworth, and had eleven children. Of these, Hunk- 
ing* (whose record is given above) was the sixth son. 

The subject of this sketch, being of the fifth American generation, was united in 
marriage, Oct. 16, 1845, with Elizabeth Warner Pitts Sherburne, daughter of John 
Nathaniel Sherburne. By this marriage there were^ four sons, two of whom are 
dead. The others are Thomas Wibird and Charles Sherburne, the latter a gradu- 
ate of Harvard College in the class of 1874. Their mother also survives. 

Captain Penhallow had an eventful and eminently successful life on the sea, fol- 
lowing in this the occupation of his father. At the age of twenty-three, in 1340, 
he was put in command of the ship Margaret Scott, of Portsmouth, trading be- 
tween New England and the southern states. In 1344 he was transferred to the 
ship Rockingham, engaged in the same general line of trade. In 1850 Gliiden & 
Williams gave him the command of the ship George Raynes, one of the vessels of 
the San Francisco line. This was in the very height of the great movement to Cal- 
ifornia, and the ships of this line were loaded down with passengers and merchandise. 
In 1854 Glidden & Williams gave him the command of the ship Sierra Nevada, of 
nearly 2000 tons, in the guano trade. With a full load of jruano, this ship, under 
the command of Capt. Penhallow, was ordered to sail for Liverpool. In entering 
the dock the ship caught on the dock sill and was broken and the cargo lost. After 
long and vexatious suits, under the charge of Capt. Penhallow, the sum of $150,000 
was recovered from the dock company. He continued to follow the sea. having those 
lar^e and important trusts on his hands, until his retirement, only a few years ago. 

He was a man greatly beloved in the wide circle of his acquaintance. Of win- 
ning address, with the law of christian kindness and simplicity in his whole look 
and manner, he strongly attracted men of all conditions to himself, and has left 
behind a bright and shining name. 

He contributed an article on the Penhallow family to the Register for January, 
1878, which was re-printed in an 8vo. pamphlet of 22 pages. In 1885, he revised 
and enlarged this work, and it was published in an octavo volume of 47 pages. 



1886.] Necrology oj Historic Genealogical Society. 221 

John Allen Lewis, Esq., a resident member, admitted Oct. II, 1S73, was born 
in Barnstable, .Mass., Nov. 19, 1819, and died in Boston, Nov. 2, 1885. 

His father was Josiah Lewis, of Barnstable. Hid earliest paternal ancestor was 
George Lewis (Lewice, Lewes), who as a clothier came from East Greenwich, Kent, 
England, in 103*2 or 33, settling first at Plymouth, Mass., and living also for a time 
atScituate before removing to Barnstable in 1639. 

Mr. Lewis's mother was Sally Gorham, a direct descendant from Capt. John Gor- 
ham, who was born in England in January, 1620-1, and married Desire Howland, 
daughter of John Howland, of Plymouth, one of the original Mayflower company. 

Gustavus A. Hinckley, Esq., of Barnstable (to whom we are indebted for much 
valuable information touching the Lewis, Gorham and allied families), says: " Mr. 
Lewis was an excellent representative of the inherited Lewis and Gorham elements 
of character that were often exhibited in the generations back to the early colonial 
period ; more particularly the love of education and of culture characteristic of his 
Lewis ancestry." We regret that, in the limited space allotted to this obituary no- 
tice, we can make use of only a small portion of the material which Mr. Hinckley 
has furnished. But the whole will be carefully preserved, and will come into larg- 
er use by and by in the preparation of a more extended biography for our Memorial 
Volumes. 

S. B. Phinney, Esq., president of the First National Bank of Hyannis and for- 
merly publisher of the Barnstable Patriot, says: ** Mr. Lewis entered my office in 
Barnstable at the early age of 11 years, and learned the setting of type under my 

own instruction in 1831 When the California gold fever was at its height, 

more than thirty-six years ago, he had still his fondness for printing, and took with 
him to San Francisco a small printing establishment, and while detained some 
weeks in crossing the Isthmus of Panama, edited and printed a small daily news- 
paper, to the edification of the large number who were detained with him en mute."' 

He remained some years in California and was employed upon the Aha Califor- 
nia, and "afterward, in company with his relative, William H. Rand, Esq., estab- 
lished a paper in Los Angelos, which was issued half in English and half in Spanish. 

Soon after returning from California he was united in marriage, Nov. 12, 1850, 
with Miss Elizabeth Ritchie, daughter of Mr. John Ritchie, of Boston. They made 
their home for a time in Chicago, and Mr. Lewis was employed by the Illinois Cen- 
tral Railroad, in what might be called the literary department of the road, a range 
of miscellaneous writing made necessary in every large enterprise of this kind. 

While in Chicago their only child, Richard Lewis, was born, Oct. 19, 1858. As 
it was thought the health of this child suffered in Chicago, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis re- 
turned to Boston. But the child died at the age of five years. Mr. Lewis still con- 
tinued in the employ of the Illinois Central Railroad for such writing as could be 
done in Boston. In his later years his eye-sight was seriously impaired, but he 
continued to use his pen in various ways as long as he was able, being for years a 
contributor to The Nation, in such matters as were to him specialties. This labor 
he performed by request of the managers of the paper, but would take no pay for it. 
For many years he was slowly gathering a choice library, very rich and rare in Mather 
publications. Mr. Lewis was a man of most kind and companionable nature, and 
was greatly beloved by those well acquainted with him. 

Heney Edwards, Esq., a resident member, admitted Feb. 17, 1866, was born in 
Northampton, Mass., Oct. 22, 1798, and died in Boston, Sept. 24, 1885. His father 
was William 6 Edwards, born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, Nov. 10, 1770, and his mo- 
ther was Rebecca Tappan, born in Northampton, Mass., July 14, 177o. These two 
were united in marriage Nov. 11, 1793, and had eleven children, eight of whom lived 
beyond December, 1868. 

His earliest American ancestor was William 1 Edwards, of Hartford, Ct., who was 
resident in that town about 1610, and in 164-5 married Mrs. Agnes Spencer, widow 
of Mr. William Spencer, she having three children by her first marriage. Bv her 
Mr. Edwards had only one child. Richard 2 Edwards, born May, 1647, first married 
1667, Elizabeth Tuthill (Tuttle), of New Haven, and by her had six children, the 
eldest of whom was Timothy 3 Edwards, born May 14, 1669. He married 1694, Es- 
ther Stoddard, of Northampton. By this marriage there were eleven children, ten 
daughters and one son. Jonathan 4 ' Edwards, born Oct. 5, 1703, in East Windsor, 
Ct., was the great theological and metaphysical writer of his age. He married, Julv 
28, 1727, Sarah Pierrepont, of New Haven. From this marriage there were three 
sons and nine daughters. The eldest son was Timothy 5 Edwards, born in Noxth- 
VOL. XX. 20* 



222 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

ampton, July 25, 1738, and married Rhoda Ogdcn, of Elizabeth, N. J. He was a mer- 
chant in Elizabeth, but in 1771 removed to Stockbridge, Mass. 

"William 6 Edwards's record is given above. Henry Edwards, therefore, was of the 
seventh generation from William, of Hartford. The family of Tappans, from whom 
his mother was chosen, had a very honorable line of descent. 

In the year 1828, Sept. 4, Mr. Edwards was united in marriage with Miss Martha 
Ann Dorr, daughter of Hon. Samuel Dorr, of Boston. By this marriage there were 
four children, two of whom died in infancy and two in youth, one whilst a member 
of college. 

Mr. Edwards began his mercantile training in 1821, in the store of his uncle, Ar- 
thur Tappan, in the city of New York. In 1823 he associated himself with Charles 
Stoddard, of Boston, and under the firm name of Edwards & Stoddard they carried 
on a large business in French dry- goods. Mr. Edwards lived much in France as 
purchaser of these goods, and there he enjoyed the friendship of Lafayette, and visit- 
ed by invitation at his chateau at La Grange. This business relation with Dea. Stod- 
dard continued from 1823 to 1845, and was very successful. 

. Mr. Edwards was a man in whom his fellow -men safely trusted. Many large pub- 
lic interests, city, state and national, have been placed in his keeping, where they 
always received faithful attention. He was a man exceedingly polite and affable, 
with a winning address. He has passed the later years of his life in quiet and re- 
tirement, but it was a pleasure to his friends when they chanced to meet him on 
the street or in social gatherings. 

Rev. "William Barry, A.M., of Chicago, HI., a corresponding member, admitted 
June 3, 1847, was born in Boston, January 10, 1805, and died in Chicago, Jan. 17, 
1885, aged 80 years and seven days. His father was "William Barry, a somewhat 
public man of Boston, and member of the legislature. His mother was Esther Stetson. 
His brother, Rev. John Stetson Barry, was the author of a History of Massachusetts, 
in three volumes. 

Mr. Barry entered Brown University in 1818, graduating in 1822, having among 
his classmates Alexis Caswell, D.D., afterwards president of the college, Isaac Dans, 
LL.D., and Benjamin Clarke Cutler, D.D. After graduating, he first studied law in 
the office of Chief Justice Shaw. Changing his plan of life, he entered the Divinity 
School in Cambridge in 1826, and after two years went to Germany and pursued his 
studies two years more in that country. He was licensed in 1830, and was first set- 
tled in Lowell, Mass., where he remained five years. 

In 1835 he accepted a call to the First Unitarian Church in Framingham, where 
he remained as pastor nine years, but continuing his residence at Framingham for 
some years longer, while he was engaged in literary labors, including a History of 
the Town of Framingham, ■with genealogies of the Framingham families, a work of 
456 pages. From 1844 and onward, so long as Mr. Barry remained in Framingham, 
the writer of this notice was his near neighbor, and familiar with his busy literary 
labors. He was a most kind, polite and companionable man. About the time of his 
coming to Framingham, he was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth "Willard. He 
found in her a rich and choice treasure. She was of a modest, lady-like deportment, 
gentle in all her ways, but of refined mind and great literary culture. The hymn 
which she wrote for the dedication of the Edgehill Grove Cemetery in Framingham, 
was rare for its beauty and fitness. 

But the great work of Mr. Barry has really been in the "West, in the building up of 
the Historical Society of Chicago. At this work he wrought for long years, until 
in 1868 he resigned his position as president of the society. In this connection his 
literary labors have been very great. 

Such has been hi3 state of health through all the labors of his life, that he has been 
compelled often to diversify work with travel. His European travel and study, how- 
ever, have been of the greatest assistance in his peculiar enterprises. His wife died 
about a year and a half ago, and soon after her death her hymn was read on a beau- 
tiful October day in the Framingham Cemetery — a day like that gentle October day 
thirty'- seven years before, when it was first sung on that spot. Mr. Barry leaves 
two married daughters. Other children and grandchildren passed away in earlier 
life. 

Hon. John Daggett, a corresponding member, admitted Feb. 3, 1881, was born in 
Attleborough, Mass., Feb. 10, 1805, and died in same place, Dec. 13, 1835. He was 



1886.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 223 

the son of Ebenezer Daggett, who was bom in Attleborough, Apr. 16, 1763, and died 
March 4, 1S32. His mother was Sally Maxcy, born In Attleborough, Nov. 20, 177S. 
His earliest American ancestor was John 1 Daggett, who came over in Winthrop's 
Company in 1630, and went with Thomas Mayhew to Martha's Vineyard. From 
him the line runs through Thomas 2 who married Hannah Mayhew, John? who removed 
from Martha's Vineyard to Attleborough, Ebenezer* who married Mary Blackinton, 
John 6 who married Mercy Shepard, and Ebenezer 6 above given. He was therefore of 
the seventh American generation. 

He was fitted for college at "YYrentham Academy, and entered Brown University 
in 1822, graduating in course in 1S26. His law studies occupied three years, one 
year with Joseph L. Tillinghast of Providence, II. I., one year with J. J. Fiske of 
Wrentham, and one with Judge Theron Metcalf of Dcdham. He was admitted to 
the bar in Dedham in Dec. 1829, and immediately commenced the practice of law in 
Attleborough, where he remained till his death. 

He was united in marriage, June 18, 1840, with Miss Nancy McClellan Boomer, of 
Sutton, Mass. From this marriage there were seven children, of whom five died in 
infancy, and two, a son and daughter, Mrs. Sheffield of New Haven, Ct., and John 
M. Daggett of Arkansas, with their mother, survive. 

Mr. Daggett was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives for four 
years, 1836-1839 inclusive, and was again a member in 1S66. He was a member of 
the Senate in 1850. 

He has been, for a long course of years, the President of the Old Colony Historical 
Society at Taunton, and has devoted much time to antiquarian and historical pur- 
suits. He was the author of the History of Attleborough, published in 1834, and had 
a second and much enlarged edition ready for the press. He has written many articles 
for the different periodicals of the day. 

The Bristol County Republican, under date of Dec. IS, 1885, says of him: "On 
the 10th of February last, there was a large gathering of relatives and friends to greet 
him on the advent of his octogenarian birthday — a day of gratulation to him and his 
esteemed wife. His genial kindliness, courtesy and integrity of character as a counsellor 
and friend — always to say a kind word, never a hard one — secured for him the title 
of honest John Daggett, which he wore with modest grace and merit from his* college 
days, during these sixty years, to the time when death claimed him as a shining 
mark. He has passed away, but his life-long deeds of kindness will live after him, 
and his memory as the Christian gentleman will ever be cherished." 

Hon. Nathan- Crosby, LL.D., of Lowell, a resident member, admitted Nov. 3, 1866, 
-was born at Sandwich, N. H., Feb. 12, 1798, and died in Lowell, Feb. 11, 1885. 
One day more would have made him exactly eighty- seven years old. His earliest 
American ancestor was Simon 1 Crosby, who with his Avife' Ann, then twenty-five 
years old, and one son Thomas, came to Cambridge, Mass., in 1635, and was m£de a 
freeman in the following year. 

From Simon, 1 the line runs through Simon, 2 born in 1637, who settled in Billerica 
and married Rachel Brackett; Josiah 3 of Billerica, who married, Nov. 2, 1703, Mary 
Manning; Josiah, 4 born in 1704, who in 1729 married Elizabeth French; Josiah, 5 
born 1730, who married Aug. 23, 1750, Sarah Fitch; Asa, 6 born July 15, 1765; to 
.Nathan 7 the subject of this sketch. His mother was Betsey Hoit, daughter of Col. 
Nathan Hoit, and was born in 1770. Judge Crosby's father Asa was a physician of 
decided ability and large practice, who died in Hanover, N. H., Apr. 12, 1336, aged 70. 

The family of Judge Crosby was a very notable one. It consisted of seventeen 
children by two mothers. Of these children six died in childhood or early youth. Of 
the eleven who lived to manhood and womanhood, five received either the Bachelor's 
degree or the degree of M.D., from Dartmouth College, and two of the daughters 
married professional men. Judge Crosby was the last of this large family. Two of 
them died between 70 and 80 years of age, and four between 80 and 90. 
, Three of his brothers were Professors at Dartmouth College. In the plans of his 
father and mother young Crosby was destined to the farm. But other influences 
wrought upon him, and his parents were easily made to consent to a public education. 
He was fitted for college under good instructors for those days, and was graduated 
from Dartmouth in 1820 at the age of twenty-two. 

Judge Crosby was twice married. His first wife was Rebecca M. Moody, daughter 
of Stephen Moody, Esq., a graduate of Harvard, 1790, and a lawyer at Gilmaniown, 
N. H. "With him Judge Crosby studied law at first, and afterwards with Hon. Asa 



224 Booh Notices. [April, 

Freeman of Dover. Judge Crosby and his brother Dixie both married daughters of 
Lawyer Moody. His first wife died Jan. 30, 1867. Judge Crosby's second wife was 
Mrs." Matilda (Pickens) Fearing, daughter of James and Charity (Mackie) Pickens 
of Boston, and widow of Dr. Joseph W. Fearing of Providence, It. I. They were 
married, May 19, 1870. 

He leaves five children, his son, Stephen Moody Crosby, a graduate of Dartmouth 
College and Harvard Law School, and four married daughters. 

There was about Judge Nathan Crosby a sturdy Saxon honesty and strength, and 
he will be greatly missed in the circles where he lias so long moved as a leader in the 
cause of truth and righteousness. In this notice, necessarily brief, we have no space 
to enter upon the details of a life which has been very busy. These particulars will 
doubtless be kept in store, for that fuller biography which in due time will find its 
place in our Memorial Volumes. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 

The Civil, Political, Professional and Ecclesiastical History and Commercial and 
Industrial Record of the County of Kings and the Citi/ of Brooklyn, N. Y., from 
1683 to 1884. By Henry R. Stiles, A.M., M.D., Editor-in-chief. Assisted by 
L. B. Proctor, Esq., and L. P. Brockett, A.M., M.D. With Portraits, Biog- 
raphies and Illustrations. New York : \V. W. Munsell & Co., Publishers. Imp. 
4to. pp. 1408. 

This, bulky volume contains a vast amount of matter, illustrating the history of 
Brooklyn and Kings County, in its various phases; " civil, political, professional, 
ecclesiastical, and industrial." The editor-in-ehief, Henry R. Stiles, M.D., has 
had much experience in historical writing, and the publishers of this work were 
very fortunate in obtaining his services to prepare and supervise the great work 
which they have given to the public. Dr. Stiles's first historical book, the 4i History 
of Ancient Windsor," published more than a quarter of a century ago, gave him a 
reputation which his subsequent works have increased. His " History of Brooklyn," 
in three thick octavo volumes, one of the most thorough and satisfactory local 
histories that have yet appeared, had particularly fitted him for the present under- 
taking. The following extract from his preface will show why he undertook the 
•work, and the spirit in which he has performed the labor on which he has been 
engaged for the last three years : 

" In presenting to the public this ' History of Kings County and the City of 
Brooklyn,' a few words of explanation and acknowledgment are due. The pre- 
paration of so large a mass of historical, biographical and statistical information as 
is contained in these pages (equivalent to nearly 4,000 pages octavo) was under- 
taken by the publisher in a spirit of enterprise and liberality before unequalled in 
works of this character. By myself, the charge of its editing was accepted in a 
spirit of loyalty to the best interests of a city in which, for many years, I was 
a resident, and of which I had formerly been the historian. My long familiarity 
with the ground, and my acquaintance with its leading citizens, encouraged me to 
believe that such a work would be most acceptable to them, and would secure their 
general interest and personal co-operation. The result has more than justified my 
anticipations. From the moment of my entrance upon the work I have been cheered 
by a renewal of the same generous response to my requests for information, and by 
the same personal encouragement from all classes of citizens, which attended my 
former efforts in behalf of the ' History of Brooklyn.' " 

Dr Stiles's assistants, Mr. Proctor and Dr. Brockett, are both well known by 
their writings, the former being the author of " The Bench and Bar of the State of 
New York," " Lives of Eminent American Statesmen " and other works ; while the 
latter was the statistical editor of the "New American" and " Johnson's Cyclo- 
paedia," and is the author of " Our Western Empire," and kindred books. 



1886.] Book Notices. 225 

Separate histories of the several towns in the county are furnished, prepared 
by able authors who have given particular attention to the history of the different 
localities. Special topics are also treated exhaustively by writers of ability. Be- 
sides having a general superintendence of the work, Dr. Stiles has contributed a 
large portion of the separate article.-:. Mrs. Lamb, in a notice of the work in the 
Magazine of American History, pronounces it, " the best county history that has yet 
been issued from the American press, 1 ' in which opinion we fully concur. She 
adds : "Dr. Stiles seems to have borne constantly in mind, the general scope of 
the whole, and the relations of its several parts to the other, and thus has been able 
to secure a nearer approach to harmjny of detail than is usually found in similar 
publications." 

The work is printed in the best manner on white heavy paper, and is handsomely 
bound. It is profusely illustrated by portraits, of which there are not less than 
two hundred ; and by buildings, views, maps, etc. 

The Siege and Capture of Fort Loyall; Destruction of Falmouth, -May 20, 1690 

(O.S.) . A paper read before the Maine Genealogical Society, June 2, 1885. By 

John T. Hull. Printed by order of City Council of Portland. Owen, Strout & 

Co. ? printers. 18S5. 8vo. pp. 116. 

The printing of the above interesting monograph by the authorities of the City 
of Portland as " a valuable contribution to our local history, treating as it does of the 
earliest settlements within the present city limits, the preservation and perpetuation 
of which properly belongs to the city as a part of its records, of which relating to 
this matter, there is at present in its archives not a single fragment," evinced a very 
proper appreciation by them of the labors of Mr. Hull in collating all the obtain- 
able material relative to a thrilling episode of the early history of Falmouth (now 
Portland). 

; Concentrating his efforts upon one epoch, he has not only brought together ex- 
tracts from some fifty recognized authorities, quoting therefrom two hundred and 
seventy-five passages, but has also dug out and brought to light thirty-three original 
documents bearing upon this subject, many of which were found among the Massa- 
chusetts x\rchives. These forgotten or overlooked bits of evidence supply many a 
missing link, the digging out and forging of which into a chain of binding and 
irrefragable history has been a task heretofore exceeding the patience of our earlier 
historic writers, and is therefore the more creditable to Mr. Hull. 

The pamphlet is ornamented as well as explained by a beautiful map of ancient Fal- 
mouth, that is invaluable alike to the historical student, the investigator of ancient 
titles and the present owners and occupants of thuse historic sites. A very thor- 
ough index, carefully prepared, affords desirable access to particular passages and 
every proper name. 

The paper, taken as a whole, exceeded the reasonable expectations of the members 
of the Society, at whose request its elaboration was undertaken; and so far as it 
deals with the narration of events is graphically and forcibly written, and will prove 
a source of gratification to the descendants of the worthy sires who experienced such 
noble sacrifices, privations and sufferings, the alternations of defeat and ultimate 
success, that finally wrested from savage fbe3 the goodly heritage of such fair fields. 
As to the conclusions and deductions of the author, he is open to the criticism of 
writing from a partisan stand-point ; and his strictures upon the course of Massa- 
chusetts and her alleged neglect of her annexed District of Maine will not only fail 
of carrying conviction to the ardent supporters of her cause, but are apparently 
irreconcilable to certain passages and authorities he has cited ; indeed the weight 
of evidence as adduced and printed seems against the author on certain material 
points. But Mr. Hull is entitled to the just praise of suppressing nothing that 
bears on either side of this argument ; and as these conclusions are avowed to 
be only his own, they do not preclude the formation of other and quite divergent 
ones by his readers. 

His foot notes contain so much reliable information of our early settlers ; so 
many facts that if known were too widely scattered to be found without wearisome 
research, and add so generally to a full and fair understanding of events concurrent 
with the text, that they justify the very considerable space they occupy, doubling 
at least the length of the original paper. 

The fertility of re.-^ources developed by this systematic research into a single 
chapter of our history, indicates but a part of the historic gems in store for a 
thorough investigator of our general history ; and with the encouragement of such 



226 Booh Notices. [April, 

grateful recognition as this effort has already received may serve to stimulate others 
to bring together a set of jewels that will brighten and adorn our civic crown. 
By William M. Sargent, A.M., of Portland, Maine. 

The Glasse of Time, in the First Age. Divinely handlecl. By Thomas Peyton, of 

Lincolnes linn. Gent. Seene and Allowed. London : Printed by Bernard Alsop, 

for Lawrence Chapman, and are to be sold at his shop over against Staple Inne. 

1620. The Glasse of Time, in the Second Age. Divinely handled. By Thomas 

Peyton, of Lincolnes Inne, Gent. Seene and Allowed. London : Printed by 

Bernard Alsop. for Lawrence Chapman, and are to be sold at his shop over 

against Staple Inne. 1623. New York : John B. Alden. 1886. 8vo. pp. 177. 

I may say, by way of preface, that it is difficult to do justice to this poem in the 

necessarily limited space alloted me. Perhaps a few words concerning the history 

of its author may not be out of place. The brief notice of his life by the editor is 

so interesting that only lack of space prevents my transcribing it. 

Thomas Peyton came of good British stock, and was born in Royston, Cambridge 
County, England, A.D. 1595. lie studied at the schools in his native town, and 
afterwards finished his education at the University of Cambridge. He then went 
to London and was admitted to the Society of Lincoln's Inn, and there entered upon 
the study of the law in the year 1613. He was only eighteen years old at the time. 
It is probable that he did not wait to be called to the Bar, for he decided shortly 
afterwards to give up his law studies for an even more ennobling pursuit, that of 
theology. He entered upon the work of his short but well spent life, at a peculiarly 
fitting time, for the fair field of English literature was not then overgrown with the 
ephemeral tares which are the bane of scholarship to-day. The Bible was sub- 
stantially the only book in England at the time. But what a book it was and is. 
It was read and studied by all sorts and conditions of men. It was the classic, the 
BOnrce of inspiration for the English speaking race, from the sovereign down. 
Grotius, the great Jurist, who was the Dutch Envoy to England ten years after 
the death of Elizabeth, said : " Theology rules there, all point their studies in that 
direction." 

It is safe to say that the author was a Churchman and a "Royalist judging from his 
thrusts at the Romanists on the one side, and the Puritans (Puritents he called them) 
on the other. He was a representative country gentleman of his time and believed 
in his Church and King. He died at the early age of thirty-one, and thus had no 
opportunity to take a hand in the struggle which was impending. Although his 
grave is unknown, his poem constitutes a more enduring monument than any that 
the hand of man could raise ; it is a link connecting him — with all reverence be it 
said — with his Creator. 

The first volume of "The Glasse of Time " commences with the beginning of 
existence, and treats mainly of the fall of man ; the second follows the descend- 
ants of Adam to the time of Noah. He promised to continue the story, but death called 
him away. For upwards of a century and a half no knowledge existed of the poem, 
which turned up about eighty years ago. The account of its finding reads like a 
fairy tale. The editor in his introduction says : " A copy of this book, elaborately 
bound in vellum, ornamented with gold, with coat of arms and regal device, illus- 
trated with curious cuts, and quaintly printed, had been kept in the possession of 
some English family, and was buried in the chest of an illiterate descendant until 
his recent death created a train of circumstances, which in the end placed the 
treasure before our eyes." Meanwhile Milton's •• Paradise Lost," with its har- 
monious and sonorous numbers, had appeared. 

A thoughtful article by L. E. Dubois, entitled ' * An * Inglorious Milton,' " came out 
in the North American Review for October, 1660. The writer concludes that Milton 
used it in the preparation of the Paradise Lost, in short that his great work was 
not entirely original with him. Space will not allow to adduce parallel passages 
from Peyton and Milton. After a careful reading of this remarkable poem. I can 
safely say it contains many points of similarity with Milton. That the theology 
of the two writers should be alike is not surprising, for Calvinism was deeply 
rooted in English theology at the time. But it is surprising that the scope and 
trend of the two poems should be the same, for I do not know that there was any 
other epic at the time to compare with either. There seem to be two ways of ex- 
plaining the dilemma. 1. That both writers used a common original. 2. That 
Milton used Peyton's work to a greater or less extent. It does not seem probable 
that the first hypothesis is a true one, for had they used a common original is it 



1886.] Booh Notices. 227 

not very strange that no mention of it even Las survived ? To account for it on this 
ground would seem to be to introduce another difficulty. I draw my main argu- 
ment for the second hypothesis from internal evidence, and I submit that it is a 
very strong one. It may have been made over by Milton in much the same way 
that Bunyan made over the reveries of a pious mediaeval monk into the Pilgrim's 
Progress ; as Shakspeare did some of the dramas that came to his hand ; as Seott 
did the old romances that he found. It seems as if Milton must have drawn from 
the earlier poem to a greater or less extent. 

This poem is written in the quaint language and spelling of the period, and many 
of the words are obsolete. The style is terse and vigorous. If criticism of such a 
work is pardonable, I should say that it contains occasional passages which doubtless 
conformed to the canons of good taste in the seventeenth century, but would hardly 
do so in the nineteenth. The verse is not as polished as Milton's, but it contains 
thoughts worthy of an Ossian. I give a short extract below : 

" heavenly God ! why should we here below 

Trouble ourselves thy secrets past to know : 

When thy dread word which Thou from heaven hath sent, 

The world and all can give us scarce content, 

But still we strive and at thy secrets aim, 

Till Thou our reason in our Sense doth maime, 

Here is the glory of the eternal crowne, 

Mans earthly wisdom utterly throws downe." 
By Daniel Rollins, Esq., of Boston. 

Costume in England. A History of Dress to the End of the Eighteenth Century. 

By the late F. W. Fairholt, F.S.A. Third Elition. "Enlarged and thoroughly 

revised by the Hon. H. A. Dillon, F.S.A. Two Volumes." Vol. I. — History ; 

II. — Glossary. London : George Bell and Sons. York St., Covent Garden. 1885. 

In 1846 the first edition of Mr. Fairholt's famous work on English Costume made 
its appearance, and in 1860 the distinguished author brought out the second edition 
filled with the garnerings of the fourteen years that had passsd. For a quarter of 
a century this edition has been the hand book of historical students until its sear- 
city, and the continual supply of new and important material, brought to light by 
various writers, and the many reprints of scarce tracts by the societies, have fur- 
nished sufficient reasons for a revised edition. Mr. Fairholt being deceased, the task 
of editing the new work was entrusted to Mr. H. A. Dillon, F.S.A., who brings to 
his labor the zeal and intelligence of the true antiquary. It is indeed a monument 
of extensive research into the nooks and crannies of early literature, and is a wor- 
thy companion of those works it so much resembles in minuteness of description 
and reference — Brand's " Popular Antiquities " and Strutt's " Sports and Pas- 
times." The work is admirably arranged for intelligent understanding of the sub- 
jects discussed, by a division into periods, Britons, Danes, Saxons, Normans, Plan- 
tagenets, Tudors," Stuarts, etc., so that the development of dress is seen in chrono- 
logical sequence as a whole, rather than by an examination of the component parts 
of dress through various gradations. The Stuart period is of especial interest to 
the New England antiquaries, as it furnishes a ground for comparison with the 
dress of the emigrants to this country during that time, and will be an excellent 
guide to that future student in our midst whj shall write for us, what we all hope 
to see, a view of the social life in the colonies. Seven hundred engravings amply 
illustrate the text, and the Glossary, occupying an entire volume, is at once a dic- 
tionary and an index to the work. The hand of Mr. Dillon is seen through the 
whole in the addition of text, elaboration of notes and the collation of thousands of 
valuable references. 

By Charles E. Banks, M.D., of Chelsea, Mass. 

Report of the Commissioner of Education for the year 1883- '8 i. Washington : Gov- 
ernment Printing Office. 1885. 8vo. pp. cclxxi.-i-943. 

A very well arranged classification of the condition and methods of the schools of 
the cities and towns of the United States of 7,500 inhabitants and over, is presented 
in this volume. The report proper, which is the fourteenth annual one, of the present 
commissioner, Gen. John Eaton, embraces nearly one fourth of the contents. To 
this is appended abstracts of the official reports* of the School Officers of states, 
territories and cities, which form another quarter of the work. The remaining 



228 Booh Notices. [April, 

half is devoted to statistics comprised in twenty-five tables, the whole terminating 
with an index. In the statistical portion, not only the ordinary school institutions 
of the several states are tabulated, but those for the deaf, dumb and blind, asylums 
for feeble-minded children, universities and colleges, kindergarten, reform schools, 
schools of law, science, theology, industry and commerce, and other systems of 
education are represented. The work has been prepared on a systematic and 
comprehensive basis, and is a valuable authority for those proposing to write on 
educational subjects. 

By Oliver B. Stdbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass. 

Memoires de L' 'Acadcmie des Sciences Inscriptions et Belles- Lettres de Toulouse. 

fluitieme Serie. Tome VIE. Deuxieme seniestre. 8vo. pp. 436. Toulouse: 

Jmprimerie Douladoure=Privat. 

This valuable half-yearly volume of the learned Academy of Toulouse presents the 
text of a series of papers, within the scope of the different classes of its members, 
which are of especial interest to scholars and students in such departments. The 
mathematician finds two deep and abstruse papers, on ** Canonical Equations" and 
"Surfaces of Revolution " ; the botanist, an article on the " Fiora of the Py- 
renees," and another on the " Partition of the Axes " ; the naturalist, a disquisi- 
tion on " the Equality of Intelligence between the Sexes of the Human Race" ; 
the meteorologist, studies of the " Storms of 1883 in the Haute Garonne " ; the 
historian and the philologist, critical essays upon " Roger Ascham," " Catullus," 
and eight unedited letters of " Madame Maintenon "; and the chemist, "Re- 
searches on the Persulphide of Hydrogen." Add to these a series of eulogies upon 
the deceased members of the preceding year, and one recognizes the activity of this 
prominent society among the learned bodies of Europe, its wealth of illustrious 
savants, and the contribution it is constantly making to science and learning in 
scholarly and exhaustive essays. 

By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Soinerville, Mass. 

Address before the Essex Bar Association, December 8, 1885. By William D. 

Northend. From the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. Vol. XXII. 

Salem, 1885. 8vo. pp. 59. 

This address is of much historical value and interest, containing as it does a care- 
fully prepared summary of the history of the courts of Massachusetts from the 
jlays of Winthrop and Dudley to the commencement of the last century. The vari- 
ous changes from the original Court of Assistants to the courts under the charter of 
1692, and finally to the present system, are here presented in a clear and comprehen- 
sive form, and some insight is given us into the methods of procedure in the time 
of the witchcraft trials. There are brief notices of many noted men who have 
practised at the bar of Essex County, and at the close of the pamphlet is appended 
a list of the members of that bar to the present time. The historical notes add 
much to the value of the address, which is worthy a more extended notice than 
space will permit us to give. 

By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Need ham, Mass. 

Inauguration of the Statue of Lafayette.— Presentation and Reception of Bartholdi's 
Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World, Paris, July 4, 1684. Paris : Printed 
by Waterlow & Sons. 1884. Sm. 8vo. pp. 22. 
Mr. Morton in France.— The Inauguration at Paris of the Original Model of " Lib- 
erty Enlightening the World," May \2th, \S85.—The Farewell Dinner given by the 
Americans in Paris, May 14M, 1885. Paris: The Gallignani Library. 1SS5. 
8vo, pp. 52. 

The first of these two pamphlets is devoted to the proceedings at two important 
ceremonies in France,— the unveiling of a bronze statue of Gen. Lafayette at Le 
Puy in Haute Loire, Sept. 6, 1883, and the presentation by the Count de Lesseps, 
^and the reception by the Hon. Levi P. Morton, the United States Minister to France 
at Paris, July 4, 1884, of Bartholdi's colossal statue of " Liberty Enlightening the 
eWorld." Addresses on the former occasion were made by Mr. Morton, M. Wal- 
deck- Rousseau, as the representative of President Grevy, and Senator Edmond de 
Lafayette, grandson of Gen. Lafayette ; and on the latter by M. de Lesseps and Mr. 
Morton. 
In the second pamphlet the proceedings on two other interesting occasions are 



1886.] Book Notices. 229 

given, namely, at the inauguration at Paris, May 13, 1S85, of a reproduction in 
bronze of the original Model of Bartholdi's famous statue, which had been cast for 
American citizens for presentation to the people of France ; and at a Farewell 
Dinner the following day, May U, 1533, given by his countrymen in Paris, to Mr. 
Morton, then about to leave France to return home after ably representing his 
government for four years at that court. On the former occasion, Mr. Morton made 
the presentation speech, and was replied to by M. Brieson, president of the Council 
of Ministers, M. Boa6, president of the Municipal Council, M. de Lesseps and 
Senator Lafayette. Cn the latter occasion speeches^ were made by Mr. John 
Munr'oe, who" presided at the banquet, Mr. Edmond Kelly of the Paris and New 
York bar, Mr. Morton, M. Floquet, president of the Chamber of Deputies, Hon. 
Robert M. McLane, Mr. Morton's successor as minister of France, M. Rene Goblet, 
minister of public Instruction, Consul General George Walker, Senator Lafayette 
and the Marquis de Rochambeau. A brilliant assembly of celebrities was present 
on these several occasions. The addresses showed how acceptable Mr. Morton had 
made himself not only to his own countrymen, but also to the government and 
people of France. 

Some Account of the Worshipful Company of Painters, otherwise Painter-Stainers. 

Imprinted at the Chiswick Press, London. 1880. 8vo. pp. 22. 

" The Company of Painter-Stainers,'' we are told in this pamphlet "is of con- 
siderable antiquity. According to Horace Walpole, their first Charter, in which 
they are styled Peyntours, was granted in the sixth of King Edward IV., but 
they exited as a fraternity in the time of King Edward III. They were called 
Paynter-Stayners because a picture on canvass was formerly called a stained cloth, 
as one on panel was called a table, probably from the French ' tableau.' " Their 
present charter was granted by Queen Elizabeth, and bears date July 19, 1581. 
The present Painters' Hall, which was finished about 1669, k ' stands on the site of 
old Painters' Hall, once the residence of Sir John Browne, Sergeant Paynter to 
King Henry VIII.," which building was burnt in the Great Fire of London in 1666. 
Extracts from the records of the Company relating to this and other matters are 
here printed. 

Two signs used in the last century in Boston, bearing the arms of the London 
Painter-Stainers Company, and called the '' Painters' Arms," are preserved. The 
arms of this company are "thus blazoned in Burke's General Armory : " Quarterly, 
1st and 4th, az., three escutcheons ar. ; *2d and 3d, az. a chev. betw. three phoenix 
heads erased or. Crest — A phoenix close or, in flames ppr. Supporters — Two leopards 
ar. spotted with various colors, ducally crowned, collared and chained or. Motto — 
Amor et obediential' The earliest of these signs is now let into the wall of the 
Hanover street front of the building at the corner of Hanover and Marshall streets. 
The motto on the sign is " Amor queat [sic] obedediencia." Above the arms is 
'* 17 T C K 01." Whose initials these are is unknown to me, as is also the history of 
the sign. The other sign, which bears the date 1755, is now at the rooms of the Bos- 
tonian Society, but is said to have been hung on a building in the vicinity of the pre- 
sent Scollay square. It has neither supporters, crest nor motto. The tradition is that 
it was brought to this country by Christopher Gore, afterwards governor of Massa- 
chusetts ; but as he was a lawyer, and was not born till three years after the date 
on this sign, it is more probable that it was brought here by his father, John Gore, 
who was a painter of mature age at that date. The latter is supposed to have been 
the owner of the " Gore Roll of Arms." printed by Mr. Whitmore in his " Ele- 
ments of Heraldry," pages 80 to 94, from a copy of the original roll made by the 
late Isaac Child, Esq., which copy now belongs to the Historic Genealogical Society. 

Genealogical Record Of Condit Family, Descendants of John Condit, who settled in 
Ncxcark, N. J., 1678— 1S85. Also an Appendix containing a Brief Record of the 
Harrison, Williams, Pier son, Smith, Lindsley, Munn and Whitehead Families. 
By Jotuam H. Coxdit [Brick Church, New Jersey], and Eben Condit, Jersey 
[Licking Co., Ohio]. Newark, N.J. : Printed and published by Ward & Tichenor. 
1865. pp. 410. Limited Edition. $4.00. 

Two members of the Condit family have rendered royal service in preserving the 
genealogy and history of their tribe. They descend from John Cunditt, who came in 
1678 and settled in Newark, New Jersey. He is the ancestor of nearly all of the 
name in the country to-day. He died in 1713. He had one son who grew to man- 

VOL. XL. 21 



230 Booh Notices. [April, 

hood, Peter, by first wife, and horn in England. Peter married, 1695, Mary, 
daughter of Samuel 3 Harrison [Richard, 2 Richard 1 ], by whom he had seven children, 
six of whom were sons, namely, Samuel, Peter, John, Nathaniel, Philip and Isaac. 
Peter died in 1714, the year following his lather. From these six sous descends 
the family of to-day. 

By the Rev. Anson Titus, ofAmeshury, Mass. 

The Antiquary : A Majazine devoted to the Study of the Past. London: Elliot 
{Stock, 62 Patcrnostor Row. JNew York: David G. Francis, 17 Astor Place. 
Published Monthly. Medium 4to. 41 pages to a number. Price one shilling 
each. Mr. Francis will furnish the work to American subscribers at £3.50 a 
year, or 30 cts. a number including postage. 

The numbers of this magazine for January, February and March are before us, 
and show that it is a valuable aid not only to the antiquary but to the genealogist 
also. American readers will find much in its pages in which they have a common 
interest with those of England. Besides articles on antiquarian subjects, the result 
of great research, there are here reports of the meetings of English Antiquarian 
Societies, reviews of antiquarian books, antiquarian news, obituaries and other 
matters of interest. Some of the best antiquarian writers contribute to the 
magazine. 

The History of Farmington, Franklin Co., Maine, from the Earliest Explorations 

to the Present Time. 177o — 1835. By Francis Gould Butler, Member of the 

Maine Historical Society. Farmington : Knowlton, McLeary & Co., Printers. 

1885. 8vo. pp. 683. Price $3.25. Illustrated with Portraits and Views. 

The author, the Hon. Mr. Butler, is a native of Farmington, and has always 
resided there. From early manhood to the present time he has been identified with 
all its leading interests. No person could have been better situated to collect the 
material for this work than himself, fie tells us, however, in the preface, that 
it was not until he was approaching his seventy-first birthday in 1883, that he 
seriously undertook the preparation of this history. That he must have been dili- 
gent and indefatigable in his efforts to accomplish his purpose, during the two years 
he has devoted to this work, these 348 pages of General History and nearly the same 
number of pages of Genealogy, plainly indicate. 

This is literally a Farmington book. It has not only been written there by a na- 
tive-born citizen, but the printing has also been done there, and does great credit 
to the firm from whose press the volume has been issued. The senior partner of 
this firm is also a native of the town, whose ancestors have been long and favorably 
known there. 

The Introductory Chanter of this history informs its readers what so many town 
histories fail to do, where the place is located concerning which the book has been 
•written. The account of early explorations, the difficulty experienced by the pio- 
neers in obtaining titles to their lands, because of the disputed boundaries of the ter- 
ritory claimed by the Kennebec or Plymouth Company, with a full account of the 
Colburn Association, make the next few pages deeply interesting. The conclusion 
of the author relative to the time of the final departure from the vicinity -of Sandy 
River, and the destination, of the Indian (Pierpole or Pealpole), is probably incor- 
rect. The copy of an original document bearing his signature and addressed to the 
General Court of Massachusetts, brought beibrelhe house of representative's in Feb- 
ruary, 1801, was published in the V Wilton Record" some time since. In this 
document it is plainly told that Pealpole's relatives live in Canada, that he desires 
to go there in order to live near them, and also to be able to attend on the observ- 
ances of his own religion. 

The permanent settlements were begun at Farmington in 1781, and increased 
quite rapidly after the close of the Revolutionary War. The early settlers were prin- 
cipally from Dunstable, Mass., Damariscotta, Me., and vicinity. < About 1790, 1792 
and later, a number of families from Martha's Vineyard settled in the place. The 
township never had a plantation organization, but was incorporated as a town in 
1794. In 1600 the number of inhabitants had increased to 912. In 1810 every lot 
within the limits of the town had been taken up. The piuneers very early took an 
interest in the subject of education, and the author asserts that it is not known 
there was an illiterate person among the first settlers ; and considers it doubtful if 
there has ever been an adult native-born citizen unable to write his own name or 
read a clause in the constitution. 



1886.] Booh Xotices. 231 

Much care has been taken to record the military history of the town in entire 
completeness. Pafmington may well be proud of her war record. 

A chrouological table of incidents has been arranged, which occupies twenty 
pages. As Farmington is the shire town of Franklin County, a history of the for- 
mer necessarily includes more or less of the latter. In the appendix is a complete 
list of the county officers, with dates of* terms of office since the incorporation of the 
county in 1833. 

Parker's History of Farmington. published in 184G, contains facts that could not 
now be found, and Mr. Butler acknowledges his indebtedness to that work. It 
is presumed, however, that he did not have access to the valuable historical mate- 
rial concerning Farmington collected by the late Rev. Josiah S. Swift, aa no 
mention is made of any such authority having been consulted. This is to be 
regretted, as it is probable no person in Franklin County is in the possession of so 
much historical data concerning this town as was Mr. Swift. His decease, which 
occurred at Wilton, Me., March 20, 1863, prevented the further publication of the 
Franklin Historical Magazine, of which only two numbers had been issued. Mr. 
Swift was publishing this magazine as an appendix to Parker's History. It is 
hoped the memoranda left by him concerning the towns in Franklin County, Me., 
will at some time, in the not far distant future, be arranged and printed. 

Great care has been devoted by Mr. Butler to the genealogical portion of his 
book. It is arranged after the method adopted in the History of Kindge, N. II. 
The author has endeavored to give the ancestry of each family mentioned, of which 
there are eighty-one. This has required extensive research, but has met with 
marked success. In addition a biographical sketch is given of each head of a fam- 
ily who was an early settier in the town, and of many of their descendants. The 
Genealogy occupies 325 pages. The book is faithfully indexed, but the proof-reading 
in this department was somewhat neglected. 
By Mrs. A. C. Pratt, of Chelsea, Mass. 

Truro Baptisms 1711-1S0O. By Jonx Harvey Treat. Lawrence: James Ward, 

Jr. 18S6. 8vo. pp. 66. Price $1, post free. Address J. H. Treat, Lawrence, 

Mass. 

" The records of the ancient church of Eastham, Cape Cod," Mr. Treat informs 
us in his preface, " are entirely lost, and the church itself has become extinct. The 
records of the churches at Welldeet and Orleans, formerly precincts of Eastham', are 
also lost." The adjoining town of Truro, which was settled mostly by emigrants 
from Eastham, is more fortunate. Its church records "are in a perfect state of 
preservation, except that, in a few instances, the ink has faded somewhat, so that 
the writing is rendered obscure." 

Mr. Treat is deserving of much credit for his labor of love in copying these valua- 
ble records, and having them printed in so acceptable a style. Only" a small edi- 
tion is printed, and the price asked fur the work will hardly pay the expenses of 
publication. 

The Narragansett Fort Fight, December 19, 1675. By Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M. 

Boston: Privately printed. 1S86. 8vo. pp. 21. With Map. A few copies for 

pale by G. E. Littlefield, 6? Cornhill, Boston. Price 50 cts. 

The series of articles on the Soldiers of King Philip's War, which Mr. Bodge is 
contributing to the Register, are acknowledged to be a positive contribution tcTtho 
history of what has been called "one of the most thrilling periods in the early 
history of New England." Perhaps the most interesting of these valuable articles is 
that giving a history of Narragansett Fort Fight, which appeared in the January 
number. A small edition of this article has been printed for distribution to his 
friends by the author, the Rev. George M. Bodge, of East Boston. 

The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut from May, 1763, to May, 1772, 
inclu.uce. Transcribed and edited in accordance with a Resolution of the General 
Assembly, by Charles J. Hoadly, Mate Librarian. Hartford: Press of the Case, 
Lockwood & Brainard Company. 1835. 8vo. pp. 68'.*. 

This is volume thirteen of the Connecticut Colonial Records, the last number 
having been published four years since, aud the first of the series thirty-five years 
ago. It is not known that the journals of either House are in existence for the 
years 1763-72, but the journal of the Council, from May, 1770, to May, 1772. is 
here contained. These records are of greac value to the historian and the genealo- 



232 Booh Notices, [April, 

gist, containing as they do a large number of petitions and memorials relating to 
the settlement of estates nud the private affairs of individuals, matters which do not 
now commonly receive the attention of the legislature. Comparatively few general 
laws arc found in this volume, but there is a large amount of matter relating to the 
appointment of military and other officers, together with complete lists of the exe- 
cutive and legislative officers of the period, In May, 1771, a resolve was passed re- 
questing Gov. Trumbull to collect the public letters and papers relating to the col- 
ony, and to have them bound together. The note on page 424 jjives some account 
of these papers, a large number of which were presented in 1794 by David Trum- 
bull, son of the governor, to the Massachusetts Historical Society, and form the 
Trumbull Collection. 

The volume is ably edited, well indexed and handsomely printed. 

By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Need ham, Mass. 

Letters of John, Lord Cutts to Colonel Joseph Dudley, then Lieutenant Governor of 
the Isle of Wight, afterwards Governor of Massachusetts, 1693-1700. Cambridge : 
John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1886. 8vo. pp. 31. 

This is a reprint from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, of 
remarks made before that Society Jan. 14, 18S6, by Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., A.M., 
with the letters in full to which they relate and of which extracts were read by Mr. 
Winthrop at the meeting. They throw light upon a period of Gov. Joseph Dudley's 
life of which little has heretofore been known, and show the intimate relation be- 
tween Dudley and Lord Cutts. Dudley was probably the first native of America 
who sat in the British House of Commons. This distinction has been claimed for 
Henry Cruger, a native of New York,' who was chosen a member in 1774, but 
Dudley was a member about three quarters of a century earlier. Mr. Winthrop 
deserves credit for the manner in which he has brought out these letters, and the 
careful editing he has given them. A heliotype copy of a portrait of Gov. Dudley 
belonging to Mr. Winthrop 's father, the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL.D., and 
■which gives a truer idea ot the man than the usual engravings from the Gilbert 
portrait, embellishes the pamphlet. 

Notes on St. Botolph, without Aldergate, London. By John Staples, F.S.A. 

Printed for Private Circulation. 1881. 8vo. pp. 52. 

The occasion which caused Alderman Staples to prepare this account of the 
Church of St. Botolph and the ancient fraternities established in it, is stated to 
have been the opening, on the 28th of October, 1880, of the garden formerly reserv- 
ed as the burial place of the Church, for the recreation of the public. In these pro- 
ceedings the author took part and delivered an historical address, which is the 
foundation of this book. The church is first mentioned by name in 1279 in a writ 
of Edward I., but is much elder. There were three Fraternities, or Brotherhoods, 
or Gilds, founded in this church, namely, those of the Holy Trinity, of St. Kathe- 
rine, and of St. Fabian and St. Sebastian, and they all date back to the fourteenth 
century. Many facts of historical and antiquarian interest concerning the church 
and the several fraternities have been collected by Alderman Staples and preserved 
in these pages. 

Appended is an account of St. Botolph and Botolph's town or Boston, whence our 
Massachusetts city of Boston derives its name. Concerning the history of St. Bo- 
tolph and the time in which he lived, authorities differ, one placing him in the sec- 
ond and another in the eighth century. Few English saints have been more hon- 
ored. Four parishes in London, and many churches throughout the country are 
called after him. 

An Historical Sketch, Guide Book and Prospectus of Cushing's Island. By Wil- 
liam M. Sargent, A.M. New York: American Photo-Eng. Co. 1886. Small 
8vo. pp. 96. Price 25 cts. 

We take pleasure in transferring to our pages from the Portland Transcript the 
following notice of this work, prepared from advance sheets : 

"The author has shown indefatigable research in compiling an authentic history 
of our city and vicinity, and his data in relation to the original settlement on Casco 
Bay, which he locates on what is now known as Cushing's Island, instead of upon 
the main land, will sustain critical examination. The book is very attractively 
printed and arranged, and freely embellished by cuts, by the American Photo-En- 
graving Company^ of high merit. Many of these are from sketches by Mr. John 
Calvin Stevens, whose success as an artist is bringing him into prominence, and 



1886.] Booh Notices. 233 

others are designed from faithful photographs of the natural scenery. Besides con- 
tributing greatly to the attractiveness of ttie book, they will accurately represent 
to the distant reader the charming environs of the Island, which, to be appreciated, 
need but to be teen. Mr. Sargent has been happy in his descriptions, and while 
omitting to mention none of the marked features of scenic beauty, directs attention 
to many a lesser charm that might have easily escaped the notice of a writer less 
enamored of his subject. A particularly graceful feature of the arrangement is 
the appropriate lines of verse accompanying each illustration, which have not been 
taken haphazard, but evidence, in their employment, a tine discrimination. One 
part of the book sets forth the steady advance in building on the Island, which has 
proceeded on an unalterable plan for permanency, and Ireedom from objectionable 
features such as have given to less wisely conducted settlements a short-lived pros- 
perity, and justly portrays Cushing's Island as the most desirable site possessed by 
any summer colony." 

Education. A Monthly Magazine. Devoted to the Science, Art, Philosophy and 

Literature of Education. William A. Mowry, Editor. Boston: William A. 

Mowry, Publisher, No. 3 Somerset Street. Published Monthly. 8vo. pp. 10S 

each number. Price £3 a year. Single numbers 35 cts. 

This periodical was commenced as a bi-monthly in September, 1880, by the New 
England Publishing Company, under the editorship of the lion. Thomas \V\ Bick- 
nell, LL.D. It was noticed by us in January, 1862. It has proved an efficient aid 
in advancing the cause of education in this country, and a valuable addition to the 
higher order of educational literature. In January last, William A. Mowry, Ph.D., 
became both editor and publisher of the magazine, and the numbers, for January, 
February and March, which have been issued by him, prove his scholarship and 
ability to meet the needs of his readers. 

Watford's Antiquarian ; a Magazine and Biographical Review. Edited by Edward 

Walford, M.A. London: George Red way, 15 York Street, Covent Garden. J. 

"W. Bouton, Agent for America. TOG Broadway, New York. Published monthly. 

8vo. 48 pages to a number. Price one shilling each. 

This periodical, which has before been favorably noticed by us, still maintains its 
interest for the antiquarian student, not only in the English dominions, but in the 
United States also. The several numbers, of which the latest received is that for 
March, contain carefully prepared articles by distinguished antiquarian writers on 
autiquities, archaeology, bibliography and kindred subjects. Here the doings of 
the learned societies of Great Britain are reported, recent antiquarian buoks re- 
viewed, obituaries of prominent personages preserved, and the latest antiquarian 
news furnished. 

Records of the Descendants of Nathaniel Ely the Emigrant, who Settled first in New- 
town, now Cambridge, Mass., was one of the First Settlers of Hartford, also Nor- 
walk, Conn., and a Resident of Springfield, Mass., from 1059 until his Death in 
1075. Compiled by Hemax Ely. Including material collected by Mrs. Amanda 
(Ely) Terry. Cleveland, Ohio : Short and Forman, Printers. 1885. Imp. 4to. 
)p. 515. Edition, 500 copies. Price in cloth, ,"87 ; in half morocco, $8. If sent 
)y mail, 55 cts. extra. 

The Marshall Family, or a Genealogical Chart of the Descendants of John Marshall 
and Elizabeth Markham his Wife. Sketches of Individuals and Notices of Fami- 
lies connected with them. By W. M. Paxtox, Platte City, Mo. Cincinnati: 
Robert Clarke & Co. 1885. 8vo. pp. 415. With a folding Genealogical Chart. 

Genealogical Memoir of the Cunnabell, Conable or Connable Family. John Cunnabell 
of London, England, and Boston, Massachusetts, and his Descendants, 1050- ImG. 
By Edwards J. Conxable, of Jackson, Mich., and Joux B. Newcomb, of Elgin, 
111. Jackson, Mich. : Daily Citizen Book Printing House. 1886. Sso. pp. 183 
-f-4. Price $"2.00, delivered free. 

The Joseph Kimball Family : a Genealogical Memoir of the Ascendants and Descend- 
ants of Joseph Kimball of Canterbury, N. II. Ten Generations. 1634-1>?65. Com- 
piled by Jonx Kimball, A.M., Member of the N. II. Historical Society. Con- 
cord, N.'H. : Printed by the Pvepublican Press Association. 1885. 8vo. pp. 103. 

Lee Family. Quarter MUknial Gathering of the Descendants and Kinsmen of John 
Lee, one of the Early Settlers of Far mingion, Conn., held in Hartford, Conn., 
VOL. XL. 21* 



B 



234 Booh Notices. [April, 

Tuesday and Wednesday, Aug. 5th and 6lh, 1884. Meriden : Republican Steam 
Print. 1885. 8vo. pp. 116. 

Genealogical Sketch of the Nova Scotia Batons. Compiled by Rev. Arthur Went- 
worth Eato.v. Halifax, N. S. : Printed at the Morning Herald Office. 1S65. 
Roy. bvo. pp. 128. 

A Private Proof printed in Order to Preserve certain matters connected with the 
Boston branch of the Perkins Family. Intended only as an Indication of the Best 
Poiyits of Future Investigation. Boston : T. R. Marvin & Son, Printers. 1SS5. 
8vo. pp. 29. 

The Surnames and Coals of Arms of the Williamscs, with an Account of Robert 
Williams of Roxbuty and Some of his Descendants. Compiled by A. D. Weld 
French. Privately Printed. 1886. 8vo. pp. 264-2. 

A Sketch of the Life and Character of Dta. Joshua Upham of Salem, Mass. To 
ichich are appended a Sketch of his First Wife, his Ancestral History and a Genea- 
logical List of his Descendants. By Prof. James Ufiiam, D.D. Boston, Mass. 
1885. 12mo. pp. 80. 

Genealogical Notes, showing the Paternal Line of Descent from William Torrey of 
Combe St. Nicholas, Somerset County, England, A.D. 1557, to Jason Torrey of 
Bethany, Penn'a, with the Descendants of Jason Torrey and his Brother and Sis- 
ter to A.D. 188-1. Compiled by Jonx Torrey. Scranton, Pa. : James S. llorton, 
Printer and Publisher. 1885. 8vo. pp. 50-f-2. 

Hutchins Genealogy. Compiled by Charles Hctchins. Boston: 1885. 8vo. pp. 16. 

Genealogy oj the Ancestors and Descendants of Joseph Chase who died in Swanzey. 
His will proved March, 1725. Fall River : Printed by William S. Robertson. 
1874. 8vo. pp. 66. 

Genealogy of the Andrews Family. By Lieut. George Andrews, U.S.A., of Fort 
Snelling, Min. 1886. 8vo. pp. 8. 

The Wisw all Family of America. Four Generations. By the Rev. Anson Titus, 
of Amesbury, Mass. 1866. 8vo. pp. 4. 

We continue in this number our notices of genealogical works recently issued. 

The Fly genealogy which heads our list, is by the Hon. lleman Ely, of Elyria, 
Ohio. It seems to have been compiled with the utmost thoroughness, and has been 
brought out in a costly and highly satisfactory manner. The emigrant ancestor of 
this family was Nathaniel Ely, who died at Springfield, Dec. 25, 1675. He 
probably came to this country in 1634. On the 6th of May, 1635, he was admitted 
by the General Court a freeman of .Massachusetts. At that time he probably resided 
at Cambridge. The Rev. Thomas Hooker and about one hundred of his parishioners 
it is well known removed from Cambridge to Hartford, Ct., and Mr. Ely is supposed 
to have gone with them, as he is subsequently found in that town. He afterwards 
removed to Norwalk, Ct., and in 1659 to Springfield, Mass., where the rest of his 
life was spent. The English ancestry of this family has not been positively traced ; 
but the late Col. Chester made a thorough investigation of the subject, and gives 
strong reasons for believing that Nathaniel of Springfield was a son of Rev. Na- 
thaniel Ely, and grandson of the Rev. George Ely, vicar of Tenterden in Kent from 
1571 to 1615, the^date ofhis death. Col. Chester's letter to the author, dated Nov. 
19, 1681, only six months before his death, fills more than three of the large pages 
of this volume, and gives an interesting account of the result of his investigations 
into the history of the Ely family in England. The families of both Rev. George 
Ely and his son Nathaniel are given in detail. Nathaniel, son of the latter, was 
probably born as early as 1602. After giving his reasons, Col. Chester proceeds : 
*• I cannot in my own mind resist the conviction that he was identical with the 
Nathaniel Ely who appeared in New England about 1631. Of course, there is no 
absolute proof, but this group of facts is strongly suggestive." The book before us 
is arranged in a clear style, and is handsomely printed and bound. It is illustrated 
with numerous portraits, some elegant steel engravings, and many fine phototypes ; 
besides autographs and other engravings. The volume is an honor to a family 
which can boast of many distinguished personages, and is a credit to its author. 

The Marshall genealogy is devoted to families who trace their ancestry to 
Virginia, Maryland and Kentucky. The author says : " This work is intended for 
a book of reference. To this end it is furnished with an ample index. I have deait 
in facts rather than panegyric, i have nattered no one, and have written nothing in 
malice. It has been a labor of love, and my expenses have been freely contributed. 



1886.] Booh Notices. 235 

Though pecuniary assistance has been proffered, I have accepted nothing." The 
book contains a large collection of facts relating to the Marshalls, and must have 
cost the author a great deal of labor. The chart the author thinks " combines more 
advantages than any term heretofore used." Besides the full index to the book 
there is a separate index to the Chart. 

The Cunnabell genealogy contains a genealogy of the descendants of John Cun- 
nabei of Boston, Mass., and much other matter of interest to persons of the name 
and blood. The origin of the work is this. " About twenty-five years a^o, Kev. 
Joseph Conable Thouias, then a student at Evans ton, 111., and John B. Newcornb 
of Elgin, 111., commenced collecting genealogy and other data" concerning this 
family. Mr. Newcomb, who has since become known as an indefatigable worker in 
the field of genealogy, continued to collect matter as opportunity ollered. In 1333, 
Edwards J. Connable of Jackson, Mich., became interested in the history of his ances- 
tors, and the two having combined their labors, the result is the present very satis- 
factory book. It is chiedy through the instrumentality of Mr. Connable of Jackson 
that the facts in this volume have been placed beyond the reach of destruction. He 
has done a large amount of gratuitous work, besides contributing liberally in the 
expenditure. k ' Mr. Newcomb collected the data relating to the earlier generations 
and history of the family, and all respecting the Nova Scotia branch ; also prepared 
the maps for the engraver and the manuscript for the printer." The work bears 
evidence of faithful research, and is well arranged aud handsomely printed. A 
view of the residence of Samuel Connable of Bernardston, Mass., erected 1739, and 
standing till 1770, faces the title. A plan showing the residences of John, the 
emigrant, and a son and a grandson in Boston, and a map showing the residences 
of a number of his descendants in Bernardston and Berlin, with numerous auto- 
graphs, illustrate the book. It has a folding tabular pedigree ; and excellent 
indexes are furnished. 

The Kimball genealogy is devoted to the ancestry and descendants of Joseph 
Kimball, who was born at Exeter. N. H., May 23, 1772, settled at Canterbury and 
died in Gilmanton, June 19, 18C3. aged 91. He was a descendant of Richard 1 
Kimball, who came to New England in 1G34, and settled first at Watertown and 
afterwards at Ipswich, where he died June 22, 1675, aged 80 ; through Richard, 2 
Caleb, 3 John 4 and Joseph 5 his father. The book is compiled with care, is hand- 
somely printed, is illustrated with portraits on steel of the Hon. John Kimball 
(the author) and Benjamin A. Kimball, both of Concord, N. H., and William S. 
Kimball of Rochester, N. Y. ; and has full indexes. 

The Lee book gives the proceedings at the quarter millenial gathering at Hartford 
in August, 1884. A great deal of historical and biographical matter is here pre- 
served. The volume is well printed and embellished with a map of Hartford in 
1640, and numerous portraits on stone. The early generations of this family were 
printed in the Register for October, 1574, and a full genealogy by Sarah M. Lee, 
which appeared in 1873, was noticed by us in July, 1879. 

The Eaton genealogy is by the Rev. Mr. Eaton of New York city. The ancestor 
of the Nova Scotia Eatons, to whom this book is devoted, was David Eaton, bora at 
Haverhill, Mass., April 1, 1729, and died in Cornwallis, N. S., July, 17, 1803. He 
was the fifth generation in descent from John Eaton the emigrant, who settled at 
Salisbury, Mass., as early as 1640; through Thomas, 2 Jonathan 3 and his father 
James. 4 An introductory sketch- by the Rev. William H. Eaton, D.D.. of Keene, 
N. U., gives the genealogy previous to David, 5 who settled in Nova Scotia. The 
descendants of David are here fully carried out. Appended is an account of the 
Eaton Association, with a list of its officers for 1684-5. The volume is well printed 
and has a good index. 

The Perkins book is fully described in its title page. It is by Augustus T. 
Perkins of Boston, who says in his preface : " After much reflection, I have de- 
termined to give an account of such traditions of our family as I have heard, and of 
such as I have had investigated for me, although 1 know them to be far from com- 
plete and in some ways inaccurate." Mr. Perkins has acted wisely in preserving 
in print these traditions of his family. With them he has combined the result of 
some of his researches on the same subject. The work is handsomely printed. 

Mr. French's book on the Wiliiamses is a useful compilation lor those of the name. 
It gives the origin of the name, descriptions of the various coats of arms borne by 
"Wiliiamses, arranged under their principal charges, and brief accounts of Robert 
Williams of Roxbury, and some others of the name in New England. The volume 
is well printed. 



236 Recent Publications. [April, 

The Upham book is by the Rev. James Uphnm, D.D., of Chelsea, Mass., formerly 
President of the New Hampshire Literary and Theological Institute. It contains a 
memoir of hi* lather, Dea. Joshua Upham, with a brief history of the family and a 
record of the descendants of Dea. Joshua. The book is embellished by portraits, 
and a folding tabular pedigree is appended. 

The Torrey book is sufficiently described in the title page. The researches of the 
Don. Alpbonso Taft of Cincinnati, and II. A. Newton 01 Weymouth, have traced 
the ancestry of this family for several generations in England. Four brothers, tho 
sons of Philip and Alicie Torrey of Combe JSt. Nicholas, came to this country. 
This Philip was a son of William, who was a son of Philip, who was a ~on of 
William Torrey, of Combe St. Nicholas, who died in June, 1577. A deposition 
dated 1674, of Philip Torrey of Roxbury, one of the emigrants, is printed in the 
Register, xl. 62. The present work is neatly printed and seems to be carefully 
compiled. 

The Hutchins pamphlet gives descendants of David Hutchins, born in 1694 
in Yorkshire, who settled in Attleboro', Mass., and died there in 1790. The 
author is Dea. Charles Hutchins, who for some twenty years has been the General 
Business Agent of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions in 
Boston. These few pages give much genealogical information relative to this 
family. 

The Chase book is by the Hon. Oliver Chace of Fall River, who died May 6. IS74, 
aged 61 (Register, xxix. 222). Joseph Chase, whose descendants are given in this 
work, was a grandson of "William Chase, the emigrant, who settled in Barnstable, 
Mass., and died in 1659. The book is well compiled. 

The Andrews and Wiswall pamphlets are reprints from the Register for January 
last. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society, to Dec. 1, 1S85. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 
Thoughts on the American College; an Address delivered in the Macalestcr College 
Chapel, Snclling Avenue, Saint Paul, Minn., September 16, 1805. By Rev. Edward D. 
Ncill. Al>o A Brief History of the College. St. Paul: The Pioneer Pres 3 Company. 1885. 
8vo. pp. 21. 

The Narragansett Fort Fight, December 19, 1675. By Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M., 
Boston. 1S86. 8vo. pp. 21. With a map. 

Rutland and the Indian trouble? of 1723-30. By Francis E. Blake, "Worcester, Mass. 
Published by Franklin P. Rice. 1SS6. Svo. pp. 53. 

Prytaneum Bostoniense. Notes on the history of the Old State Hou?e, formerly known 
as the Town House in Boston, the Court House in Boston, the Province Court Hou?e, 
the State House, and the City Had. By George H. Moore, LL.D. Head before the 
Bostonkm Society, May 12, 18S5. Boston : Cupples, Upham & Co. The Old Corn-jr Book- 
store. 1885. Svo. pp. 31. 

Memorial Exercises held in Castleton, Vermont, in the year 1885, including the addresses, 
biographical sketches, reminiscences, list of graves decorated, roster of the veterans in line 
— giving company and regiment— history of previous memorial days in Castleton and an 
account of the relics exhibited. Compiled by John M. Curr:er,"M.D., Secretary of tho 
Memorial Organization. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell's Sons. 1SS5. Svo. pp.66. 

The life, literary labors and neglected grave of Richard Henry Wdde. By Charles C. 
Jones, Jr., LL.D. Svo. pp. 21. 

An analysis of the population of the City of Boston, as shown in the State census of May, 
1S85. By Carroll D. Wright, chief of Bureau of Statistics of Labor. Bo-ton : Wright and' 
Potter Printing Co., State Printers, 18 Post Office Square. 1835. Svo. pp. 17. 

Proceedings at the third annual session of the National Convention of Chiefs and Com- 
missioners of the various Bureaus of Statistics of Labor in the United States, held at 
Boston, Massachusetts, June 20, June 30, and July 1, 1885. Boston: Wright aud Potter 
Printing Co., State Printers, 18 Post Office Square. 1835. Svo. pp. 143. 

Sepulture of Major General Nathauael Greene, and of Brig. Gen. Count Casimir Pulaski. 
By Charles C. Jones, Jr., LL.D. 



1886.] 



Recent Publications. 237 



New chapter in the history of the Concord firrht: Groton minute-men at the North Bridge, 
April 19, 1775, and appendix. By Win. W. Whciiden. Boston : Lee and Shepherd, Pub- 
lishers, No. 10 Milk Street. 1SS5. 8vo. pp. 32. 

American Constitutions : the relations of the three departments as adjusted by a century. 
Read before the Chit-Chat Club of San Francisco. By Horace Davis. San Francisco : 
18S4. 8vo. pp. 76. 

Some Worcester matters, 1689-1743. By Francis E. Blake. Worcester, Mass. : Frank- 
lin P. Rice, Publisher. 1SS5- Svo. pp. 17. 

The dedication of the Washington National Monument, with the orations by Hon. Robert 
C. Winthrop and Hon. John W. Daniel, February 21, 1SS5. Published by order of Con- 
gress. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1SS5. Svo. pp. 122. 

Reminiscences of the last year of President Lincoln's life. By Chaplain Edward D. 
Neill. Read at a meeting of the Minnesota Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, St. Paul, Minn., Nov. 4, 1885. St. Paul, Minn.: The Pioneer Press Company. 
1885. Svo. 

Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut from May, 1768, to May, 1772, inclusive, 
transcribed and edited in accordance with a resolution of the General Assembly. By 
Charles J. Hoadly, State Librarian. Hartford: Press of the Case, Lockwood and Brainard 
Company. 1885. 8vo. pp. 689. 

Sermon by Rev. Carlton A. Staples, commemorative of Mrs. Susan E. Huston, founder 
of the Taft Public Library, delivered in Mendon, Mass., August, 1S84. Printed by vote of 
the Trustees. Uxbridge", Mass.: L. H. Balcom Stearns, Printer, Compendium Office. 
1885. Svo. pp. 15. 

Roll of the Officers of the York and Lancaster Regiment, containing a complete record of 
their services, including dates of commission, etc. By Major G. A. Raikes,F.S.A. The First 
Battalion, formerly 65th (2d Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment, from 1756 to 1SS4. The 
Second Battalion, formerly the Royal Highland Emigrants (1775-1783), late 84th (York 
and Lancaster) Regiment, from 1758-1884. London: Richard Bentlcy and Son, New Bur- 
lington Street, Publishers in Ordinary to Her Majesty the Queen. 1885. Svo. 

The Indian Names of Boston and their meaning, by Eben Norton Horsford. Read 
before the New England Historic Genealogical Society, November 4, 1SS5. Cambridge: 
John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1SS6. Large 4to. pp. 26. [This paper was printed 
in the present volume of the Register, pp. 94-103.] 

John Cabot's Land fall in 1497, and the site of Norumbega. A letter to Chief Justice 
Daly, President of the American Geographical Society, by Eben Norton Horsford. Cam- 
bridge: John Wilson and Son, University Press. 1886. Large 4to. pp. 42. 

The Huguenots and the Edict of Nantes. A paper read before the Rhode Island His- 
torical Society, November 3, 18S5. By William Gammcll. Providence. 18S6. 8vo. pp. 25. 

Noah Emery of Exeter, Member of the Provincial Congress, and Clerk of the Assembly 
in New Hampshire, in the Revolution. By his great-grandson, Charles Emery Stevens. 
Privately printed. 1886. Svo. pp. 39. 

Groton Historical Series, No. IX. Groton District Schools. Groton, Mass. 18S6. 8vo. 
pp. 26. [By Samuel A. Green, M.D.] 

Women under the law of Massachusetts, their rights, privileges, and disabilities, by Henry 
H. Sprague. Boston : W. B. Clarke and Carruth. 1884. Svo. pp. 70. 

A brief catalogue of books, illustrated with engravings, by Dr. Alexander Anderson. 
[Collected by Evert A. Duvckinck.] With a biographical sketch of the artist [by Benson J. 
LossingJ. 1885. 8vo. pp. 35. 

A report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston, containing the Boston Town 
Records, 1742 to 1757. Boston: Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers, No. 39 Arch 
Street. 18S5. 8vo. pp. 349. . 

Catalogue of the library of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Vol. VI. Fourth 
supplement prepared by Daniel S. Durrie, librarian, and Isabel Durrie, assistant. Madison, 
Wisconsin : Democrat Printing Company, State Printers. 18S5. 8vo. pp. 820. 

II. Other Publications. 

John Harvard. St. Saviour's, South wark and Harvard University, U. S. A. Bv William 
Rendle, F.S.C.S., author of " Old Southwark and its People." 1885. 8vo. pp. 24. 

The U. S. Veteran Sitmal Corps Association, including a partial roster of the corps during 
the war, with a brief resume of its operations from Aug. 14, 1861, to March 14, 1862. 1884. 
Copyright 18S1 by J. Willard Brown, West Medford, Mass. 12mo. pp. 52. 

Two brief papers, being the Abandoned Boston, the Extent of the Continental Line of the 
Revolutionary Army misconceived. Bv Justin Winsor. Cambridge: John Wilson and 
Son, University Press. 1S86. 8vo. pp. 10. 

Reminiscences of seven years of earlv life. By Richard S. Smith. Wilmington, Del.: 
Ferris Bros., Printers. 1884. 8vo. pp. 122. 



238 Recent Publications. [April, 

Archseologia or miscellaneous tracts rclatinrr to antiquity. Published by the Society of 
Antiquaries of London. Volume XLVIII. "London: Printed by Nichols and .Sons, 25 
Parliament Street. Sold at the Society's apartments in Burlington House. 

One hundred and fifty-fourth annual report of the directors of the Redwood Library and 
Atheneum, Newport, K. L, to the Proprietors, submitted Wednesday, August 20, 1SS4. 
8vo. pp. 30. 

Fifth annual report of the State Board of Health, Lunacy and Charity of Massachusetts. 
Supplement containing the report and papers on public health. Boston : Wright and Potter 
Printing Co., State Printers, IS Post Office Square. 18S4. 8vo. pp. 283. 

Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, transmitted to Congress, 
with the annual message of the President. December 4, 1882 and 1233. Washington: 
Government Printing Office. 1SS3-1S84. 8vo. 

History of the Eighteenth Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers, in the war of the Union. 
By Chaplain Wm. C. Walker, Norwich, Conn. Published by the Committee. 1SS5. Svo. 
pp. 444. 

Unveiling of the Pilgrim Statue by the New England Society in the City of New York 
at Central Park, June 6, 18S5. Svo. pp. 33. 

Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Societv for the year 1SS4. Volume IV. Hali- 
ax, N. S. : Wm. Macnab, Printer, 12 Prince Street. 1885. Svo. pp. 258. 

Bradford Academy. Historical sketch of Harriette Briggs Stoddard. By Mrs. J. D. 
Kingsbury. Lawrence, Mass. : American Printing House. 1885. 8vo. pp. 14. 

Proceedings of the Bunker Hill Monument Association at the annual meeting, June 17, 
1885, with the annual address by the Hon. Frederic W. Lincoln, and remarks by Hon. 
Charles Devens, President of the Association. Boston : Bunker Hill Monument Association. 
1885. 8vo. pp. 47. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the semi-annual meeting held at 
Boston, April 29, 1835. Volume III. New scries, Part IV. Worcester: Press of Charles 
Hamilton, 311 Main Street. 1S85. Svo. pp. 339-513. 

Record of the semi-centennial anniversary of St. Nicholas Society of the City of New 
York. February 18, 1885. 8vo. pp. 43. 

Proceedings at the public celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Institution 
of the Academy of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the City of Philadelphia, held in 
Association, April 16, 1S85. Philadelphia : Collins, Printer, 705" Jayne Street. 1835. 8vo. 
pp.62. 

Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society for the year 1585. Part I. 
Boston : Printed for the Society. 1SS5. Svo. pp. 219. 

A sketch of the life and works of Loammi Baldwin, civil engineer. Read before the 
Boston Society of Civil Emxineers, Sept. 16, 1885. By George L. Vose. Boston: Press of 
Geo. H. Ellis, 141 Franklin~Street. 1885. Svo. pp. 23. 

Sketch of the life and times of Col. Israel Ludlow, one of the original proprietors of 
Cincinnati. By Henry Benton Teetor, A.M. Cincinnati : Printed by Cranston and Stowe. 
1885. 8vo.pp. 52. 

Harvard College. Class of 1S78. Secretary's report. No. II. 18S4. Printed for the 
use of the class. Cambridge : John Wilson and Son, University Press. 1335. Svo. pp. 152. 

Annual report of the City Auditor of the receipts and expenditures of the City of Bos- 
ton and the County of SutFolk, State of Massachusetts, for the financial year 1554-85. 
Boston : Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers, 39 Arch Street. 1835. Svo. pp. 345. 

One hundred and fifty-fifth annual report of the directors of the Redwood Library and 
Atheneum, Newport, R. L, to the proprietors, submitted Wednesday, August 13," 1885. 
Newport, R. I. : John P. Sanborn, Printer. 1885. 8vo. pp. 16. 

Sacred memorial services in memory of the late Sir Moses Montefiore, baronet, held in 
Boston at the Church Street Svnag'ocrue, Zion's Holv Prophets, on Saturdav, Ab. 20, 
A.M., 5645. New York: "Hebrew Journal" Print, 177-179 Grand Street. 5645. 8vo. 
pp. 26. 

Some observations on the letters of Amerigo Vespucci. By M. F. Force. Read before 
the Congres International des Americanistes at Brussels, September, 1879. Cincinnati: 
Robert Clarke & Co. 18S5. Svo. pp. 24. 

Essex Institute Historical Collections. January, February and March, 18S5. Vol. XXII. 
Salem, Mass. : Printed for the Essex Institute. 1SG5. 8vo. pp. 80. 

Society of the Army of the Cumberland. Sixteenth re-union, Rochester, New York, 
1884. Published by order of the Society. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. 13S5. 
8vo. pp. 282. 

The life and character of Mrs. Sarah Evram Dean. A monograph by Rev. Enoch San- 
ford, D.D. Raynham, Mass.: October, 1835. Svo. pp. 30. 

Woburn. An historical and descriptive sketch of the town, with an outline of its in- 
dustrial interests. Illustrated. Woburn: Published by the Board of Trade. 1835. 
870. pp. 60. 



1886.] Deaths. 239 

Inauguration of the Perry Statue, September 10, A.D. 1885. with the addresses of William 
P. Sheffield, and the remarks on receiving the statue by Governor Wctmore ana Major 
Franklin, and the speeches at the dinner. Newport, R. I.: John P. Sanborn, Publisher. 
1S85. 8vo. pp. 60. 

A memorial of Stephen Salisbury, of "Worcester, Mass. Worcester: Press of Charles 
Hamilton. 1885. Svo. pp. 153. 

Services at the dedication of a mural Monument to Jo.mes Walker, D.D., LL.D., in the 
Harvard Church in Charlestown, in the City of Boston, January 14, 1883. Cambridge : 
John Wilson and Son, University Press. 1884. Svo. pp. 61. 

The State of New Hampshire. "Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War. 1775 to 
May, 1777, with an appendix embracing diaries of Lieut. Jonathan Burton. Compiled and 
edited by Isaac W. Hammond, A.M. Concord, X. H. : Parsons B. Cogswell, State Printer. 

1885. Svo. pp. 799. 

Proceedings of the Tennessee Historical Society at Mnrfreesboro',Tenn., December 8, 1SS5. 
Nashville, Tenn.: James T. Camp, Printer and "Binder. 18S6. Svo. pp. 2G. 

The Peace Negotiations of 1782 and 17S3. An address delivered before the New York 
Historical Society, on its seventy-ninth anniversary, Tuesday, November 27, 18S3, by 
John J. Jay. New York : Printed for the Society. 18Si. Svo. pp. 237. 

Collections of the New York Historical Society, for the rear 1SS0. New York : Printed 
for the Society. 1881. Svo. pp. 489. 

Documents relating to the Colonial history of the State of New Jersey. Edited by 
Frederick W. Record and Wm. Nelson. Vol. IX. 1757-1767. Newark, N. J.: Daily 
Advertiser Printing House. 1SS5. Svo. pp. 656. 

The Parish Register of St. Anne's Church, Lowell, Mass; Rev. Theodore Edson. S.T.D., 
the first and onlv rector from March 7, 1S24, to June 25, 1853. Lowell, Mass.: Morning 
Mail Print. 1885. Svo. pp. 155. 

Re-Dedication of the Old State House, Boston, July 11, 1882. Third Edition. Boston : 
Printed by order of the City Council. 18S5. Svo. pp. 216. 

Vol. IV. New Scries, Part I. Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, at the 
annual meeting held in Worcester, October 21, 1S85. Worcester : Press cf Charles" Hamil- 
ton, 311 Main St. 18S6. Svo. pp. $8. 

Our Third Re-union. An address delivered at the third re-union of the Old Hawes 
School Boys, March 2, 1835. By R. J. Monks. Boston: David Clapp and Son, Printers. 

1886. Svo. pp. 11. 

Sketch of the Musical Fund Society of Philadelphia. Read before the Society, January 
29, 1885, by William L. Mactier. Philadelphia: Press of Henry R. Ashmead", 1102 and 
1104 Sansom Street. 18S5. 12mo. pp. 54. 

Manual with rules and orders for the use of the General Assembly of the State of Rhode 
Island 18S5-86. Prepared by Joshua 11. Addeman, Secretary of State. Providence, R.I.: 
E. L. Freeman and Son, printers to the Suite. 1SS5. Svo. pp. 293. 

Papers of the Historical Society of Delaware. V. History cf the First Regiment Dela- 
ware Volunteers, from the commencement of the u three months service" to the final 
muster-out at the close of the rebellion. By William P. Seville. The Historical Society of 
Delaware, Wilmington. 1884. 

Dedication of the Wallace Library and Art Building, July 1, 1835. Fitchhurg, Mass. 
8vo. pp. 72. 

Random Recollections. Ey Henrv B. Stanton. Second Edition. Maccrowan and Slioper, 
Printers, New York. 1886. Svo. pp. 13 1. 

Celebration of the Thirty-fifth anniversary of the Society of California Pioneers, held at 
Pioneer Hall, September 9", 1SS5. San Franci-co. 1885. Svo. pp. 42. 

A discourse delivered at Blandford, Mass., Tuesday, March 20, 1S21, giving some ac- 
count of the early settlement of the town and the history of the Church, by Rev. John 
Keep. Printed from a recentlv discovered manuscript copv, by Charles W. Eddv, Ware, 
Mass. 18S6. 8vo. pp. 25. 



DEATHS. 

Mr3. Relief Moulton, widow of Joseph xxviii. 338, died at Lynn, October 19, 

Moulton, of Lynn, a member of the 1885, a^ed 87. She was the last sur- 

Historic Genealogical Society, whose vivor of twelve children of Thomas 

necrology appears in the Register, Todd, one of the early settlers of 



240 



Deaths . 



[April. 



Poultney, Vt., and was born March 
11, 1798. She was married June 7, 
1821, to Mr. Moulton, and resided with 
hiui in Poultncy, Gouverneur (since 
Watertown),N.Y., Schenectady, N.Y., 
and Lynn, Mass., to which place they 
removed in 1835. For titty years her 
home has been in Lynn. It was her 
good fortune to enjoy more than fifty 
years of wedded lite with the husband 
of her youth, their golden wedding 
having been observed in 1671, with an 
unbroken family circle. Naturally 
she possessed a strong and hardy con- 
stitution, and enjoyed vigorous health. 
She was a useful and respected mem- 
ber of the Methodist church. See 
obituary in the Lynn Transcript, Oct. 
30, 1885. 

Hon. James Murray Robbies, of Milton, 
Mass., died at his residence in that 
town, Nov. 2, 1885, aged 89. He was 
a son of Lieut. Gov. Edward Hutchin- 
son and Mrs. Elizabeth (Murray) 
Robbins, and was born in Milton, June 
30, 1796. He was the sixth in descent 
from Nathaniel 1 Robbins, who came 
from Scotland about 1670 and settled 
in Cambvidge, through Nathaniel, 2 
Thomas, 3 Rev. Nathaniel 4 and Ed- 
ward H., 5 above named. He was edu- 
cated at Milton Academy. Early in 
life he established himself in business 
as a commission merchant, from which 
many years ago he retired, and has 
resided at his beautiful seat in Milton. 
He represented Milton in the Massa- 
chusetts legislature in 1837 and in 
1860, and was president of the trus- 
tees of Milton Public Library from 
the year 1871, when it was opened, till 
his death. In 1862 he delivered the 
address at the Bi-Centenary of Milton, 
which was printed. He was also the 
author of the early chapters of the His- 
tory of Dorchester, prepared by the 
Dorchester Antiquarian Society. He 
married Oct. 7, 1S35, Frances Mary 
Harris, who died Feb. 20, 1870. See a 
biographical sketch of Mr. Robbins by 
the Rev. A. K. Teele, D.D., in the 
Milton News, Nov. 7, 1885. 

Jons' Lasgdon Sibley, A.M., Librarian 
Emeritus of Harvard University, died 
at his residence in Cambridge, Wed- 
nesday, December 9, 1885, aged nearly 
81. He was a son of Jonathan 5 and 
Persis (Morse) Siblev, and was born at 
Union, Me., Dec.29,"l804. He was the 
6th generation in descent from Richard 1 
Sibley of Salem, Mass., through Sam- 



uel, 1 Jonathan, 3 Jacob 4 and Jonathan 5 
his father. lie was fitted for college at 
Phillips Exeter Academy, graduated 
at Harvard College in 1825, was assis- 
tant librarian at that college 1825-6, 
was graduated at the Divinity School 
there in 1828, ordained May 14, 1829, 
over the Congregational church at 
Stow, of which he continued the pas- 
tor till March 31, 1833, when he again 
took up his residence at Cambridge. 
For about eight years he devoted him- 
self to literary work. During a part 
of the year 1837, he was editor and 
became proprietor of the American 
Magazine of Useful and Entertaining 
Knowledge, a monthly periodical com- 
menced by the Bewick Company of 
Boston. On the removal of the Har- 
vard College Library to Gore Hall in 
1841, Mr. Sibley was appointed assis- 
tant librarian, and on the death of the 
librarian Thaddeus William Harris, 
M.D.,in IS56, he was chosen librarian. 
He held this office till 1877, when he 
was succeeded by Justin VTinsor, 
A.M., and he became librarian emeri- 
tus. From 1841 to 1880, he edited the 
Harvard Triennial, now Quinquennial 
Catalogue. He also edited the Annual 
Catalogue, from 1850 to 1870. 

He was the author of History of 
Union, Me., 12mo, 1851 ; Biograph- 
ical Sketches of the Graduates of 
Harvard University, 8vo. 3 vols. 1873, 
1881 and 1885. These three volumes 
are model biographies for fulness and 
minute accuracy of detail. For more 
than forty years he conducted an ex- 
haustive research for materials for the 
biography of all the graduates of Har- 
vard. Ilis collections on this subject 
have been left to the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, and the bulk of his 
property, amounting to about one 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars, will 
ultimately be available for continuing 
the series he has begun in so excellent 
a style. Soon after the issue of the 
first volume of Sketches of Harvard 
Graduates, Mr. Sibley became blind 
from cataract ; but, after an operation, 
his sight was sufficiently restored to 
enable him to use his eyes a portion 
of each day, and to complete and 
publish two more volumes. 

Mr. Sibley was a liberal benefactor 
to Phillips "Exeter Academy, and his 
portrait adorns the chapel walls. He 
married, May 30, 1866, Miss Charlotte 
Augusta Langdon Cook, daughter of 
Samuel Cook, a Boston merchant, who 
survives him. 




NOTMAK r«OT3. CO. 



PETER OLIVER, 
CHIEF JUSTICE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JULY, 1886; 



PETER OLIVER, 

The last Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature of the Province 

of Massachusetts Bay, 

By Thomas Weston, Jr., Esq;, A.M. 

Head before the New England Historic Genealogical Society, September, 1885, and before the 
Bostonian Society,- November, 18S5. 

THE judiciary of Massachusetts has always been distinguished for 
its ability and its high personal character. These character- 
istics have come down as a part of our heritage of the past. The 
judges of the colonial period were rarely men of other than un- 
questioned integrity, and often combined eminent legal ability with 
the most liberal culture the times could produce. Their reputation, 
however, seems never long to have survived them,- They have left 
scarce any traces of their learning, of their legal attainments or 
of their influence, even in shaping the laws which so effectually 
secured, during the formative period of our history, the amplest 
protection of life, property and reputation to the humblest citizen. 
But a single volume of reported decisions* has come down to us, 

Note.-— Although frequent mention is made of Judge Oh'vtr in the books and papers re- 
lating to the period in which he lived, no detailed account of his life has come down to us. 
Gov. Hutchinson, in his History of Massachusetts, gives a full account of his impeachment, 
and Gov. Washburn, in his Judicial History of Massachusetts, devotes a few pages to his' 
life; and this is about all that has been published concerning him. 

I have been enabled to supply, from what I deem authentic local tradition, much con- 
cerning his life and character. He lived in Middleboro', Mass., some thirty years. Soon 
after the sale of his estate by the commissioners appointed to sell confiscated property of 
royalists, my grandfather came into possession of a portion of his real estate and the "iron 
-works he formerly owned in Middleboro'. The housekeeper of Judge Oliver, a very 
intelligent woman, lived to an advanced age. She spent some time in the latter part 
<of her life in the family of my grandfather. My father remembers many of the stories and 
■anecdotes she was always fond of relating concerning Judge Oliver and" the life at Oliver 
Hall. Several years ago some of these stories were published in the Middleboro' Gazette, 
by Dr. Granville Sproat, as they were related to him by this lady. From these sources I 
lave gathered much for this article. 

I have also been especially interested in whatever relates to his life and character, from 
tie fact that Oliver Hall stood near my father's house, who for many vears owned the 
estate upon which Judge Oliver had lived ; and I early became familiar with the many local 
traditions, concerning him and his home, which then" lingered about the place. 

The accompanying heliotypc of Judge Oliver is from Copley, painted in England, in 1772. 
* Quincy's Mass. Reports. 
VOL. XL. 22 



242 Chief Justice Oliver. [July, 

and the cases there reported arc so fragmentary and meagre as to be 
of no value, except as legal curiosities, and give us no proper esti- 
mate of the learning and ability of the court at that period. 

Among these judges, no one was more distinguished than Peter 
Oliver, the last or the chief justices of the Superior Court of 
Judicature of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, the highest court 
in the Province, under the Crown. The course he conscientiously 
took during the turbulent times which followed his appointment as 
Chief Justice, and which culminated upon the breaking out of the 
war for Independence, his intimate personal connection with the 
leading officers of the Crown, his warm espousal of the cause of his 
King, provoked the bitter hostility of the patriots, and he left with 
Gov. Gage, upon the evacuation of Boston, in disfavor, never to 
return. Had his life gone out in any other period of our history, 
his name and character would doubtless have stood among the high- 
est in the long line of illustrious men who had adorned the Bench 
of Massachusetts. The little that can be gathered from the scanty 
records of his time, and the local traditions which have survived con- 
cerning him, represent a life and character that ought not to be 
forgotten. 

The Oliver family was one of the oldest and most respectable in 
the Massachusetts Colony. His ancestor, Thomas Oliver, came 
from London in the William and Francis, in the year 1632, and 
settled in Boston. He was a surgeon by profession, one of the 
ruling elders in the First Church, and a man much esteemed in 
the colony.* Upon his death, which occurred January 1, 1656, 
he was spoken of in Hull's Diary as "living to a great age, and 
in his former years as very serviceable." One of his sons, James 
Oliver, was a captain in King Philip's war, and reputed a brave 
man ; another son, Peter, was an eminent merchant in the town of 
Boston, one of whose sons married a granddaughter of Gov. Brad- 
street. Daniel Oliver, a son of the last named and the father of 
Judge Oliver, was a wealthy merchant of Boston, and for several 
years a mandamus councillor. His two sons, Andrew and Peter, were 
destined to fill very conspicuous places in the later times of the Pro- 
vince. Andrew was for many years Provincial Secretary and after- 
wards Lieutenant Governor, and did much towards hastening the 
progress of events which finally precipitated the colonies into open 
hostility with the mother country. His second wife was a sister of 
the wife of Gov. Hutchinson, and the relation was made still more 
intimate by intermarriages between the children of both the Olivers 
with those of Gov. Hutchinson, f Peter Oliver was also connected by 
marriage with Copley the distinguished portrait painter of the period. 
The family were thus closely related to some of the most prominent 
supporters of the Crown, and early espoused the cause of royalty. 

* New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., April, 1505. 
f Mem. Hist, of Boston, vol. ii. p. 5^9. 



1886.] Chief Justice Oliver. 243 

George III. bad no more able or zealous friends in America than 
the Olivers. 

Peter Oliver was born in Boston, March 17, 1713. But little is 
known of his early boyhood, lie used to say that his father spared 
no pains in the education of his two boys. They both showed a 
taste for books, and at an early age Peter had attained considerable 
proficiency in the literature of the times. 

He entered Harvard College in 1726, at the age of 16 years. In 
his class were John Cotton, Joseph Mayhew, Stephen Minot, Samuel 
Parsons, Peter Prescott, and others who afterwards occupied promi- 
nent positions in the Province. 

It seemed to be the wish of the father that young Peter should be 
bred a gentleman and follow no business or profession. While 
in college he was interested in history, political science and general 
literature, and showed great fondness for the law as a science. Ilis 
father took pains early to introduce his sons into the best society of 
the Province, and before he came to manhood he had formed an in- 
timate acquaintance with many of the prominent men of the times.* 
This early acquaintance, which seems to have continued, contributed 
not a little in giving him the position and the great influence he 
afterwards exerted in the events which were to transpire in his 
maturer years. At his graduation he was undoubtedly as well fitted 
for the bar as any of his classmates who afterwards commenced 
practice before the courts. He was one of the best scholars of his 
class, and his close habits of study followed him all through his life. 
His proficiency and reputation as a scholar gained for him in after 
years the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from Oxford University. 

On July 5, 1733, Mr. Oliver married Mary, the daughter of 
William Clark, of Boston, who was a prominent man in the town, 
a member of the General Court for the years 1731, 1732, 1733, 
1734, and a man of influence throughout the province. Mrs. Oliver 
was an accomplished lady, well fitted for the social position she was 
called to fill. The charm of her conversation, her courtly manners, her 
generous hospitality at Oliver Hall, aided not a little in making 
this famous place so memorable in the social history of the times. 
After her removal to Middleboro', she was a constant attendant at 
the church in the town, and her many deeds of kindness and christian 
charity have come down with the traditions of the place as memorials 
of her goodness. 

For a few years after his marriage Mr. Oliver seems to have 
spent his time in rendering his father such assistance as his business 
required. He had become interested in the early history of the 
colonies, and had given much thought to developing their agriculr 
tural and manufacturing resources. He had already collected some- 
thing of a library and had transcribed several MS. local histories. 

* Anion? these early friends was the celebrated lawyer, Jeremiah Gridley, and this friend- 
chip continued during his life. 



244 Chief Justice Oliver. [July, 

Among them was a IMS. copy of Rev. Mr. Hubbard's history of 
New England.* He was also a close student of the stirring events 
which were transpiring in the Old World, and kept an extensive 
correspondence with friends in London. He probably spent some 
time in the old country at about this period. He early showed a 
fondness for royalty and a great love for the customs and institurions 
of Old England, which seemed to increase with his years. Although 
interested in everything that in his judgment could tend to develop 
the prosperity of the provinces, he never allowed anything to come 
between him and the cause of his King. 

In 1744, Mr. Oliver purchased about three hundred acres of land 
in Middleboro', in what had been known as the Indian village of 
Muttock, on the Xemasket River, where he soon after removed from 
Boston. 

The estate he purchased in Middleboro' had been recently occupied 
by the Nemasket Indians. In 1737, they had petitioned the General 
Court for leave to sell their lands at this place, " alleging that by long 
cultivation they had become worn out, and that there were no fish in 
the river, nor game in the forests for their sustenance, and prayed 
for leave to remove to another part of the town where the land was 
better adapted for their cultivation, and game more abundant. " 
While the subject-matter of this petition was being discussed in the 
General Court, Mr. Oliver's attention was directed to this locality as 
one of unusual beauty, and affording rare facilities for business. At 
the foot of the hill adjacent to the old settlement of the Indians, the 
town had previously authorized a dam to be built across the river. 
A saw mill and grist mill had been built there, and the water privi- 
lege was one of the best in the count}'. The lands and great ponds 
in the vicinity abounded in the richest iron ore ; timber was abundant, 
and, notwithstanding the allegation in the petition of the former in- 
habitants, the soil was more than ordinarily fertile. His purchase 
included the site of the first settlers of the town, whose houses were 
burned in King Philip's war, and who had been consequently obliged 
to return to Plymouth. It bordered upon the oldest burial place of 
'the settlers, and upon the other side was the spot where the Indian 
braves, for generations, had been laid to rest. Upon the summit of 
'the high hill bordering upon the pond were the remains of the wig- 
'wam of the old Indian chieftain from whom the place had taken its 
name. 

Immediately after coming to Middleboro', Mr. Oliver repaired the 
mills on his estate, and made preparations for a large manufacturing 
business. Just before his purchase, there had been built a blast fur- 
nace, which with many others in Plymouth county did a prosperous 
business for those early times. His keen business eye foresaw that 
iron manufacture was to be the prominent industry for the Province, 

• Pres. Stiles's Literary Diary, 2d scries, Mass. Hist. Col., vol. ii. p. 200. 



1886.] Chief Justice Oliver. 245 

and the branch of it next to that done by the blast furnaces was to 
be that of making the hammered nails which were the only ones in 
use at that time. For that business a forge was necessarv, and the 
mechanics of the county could readily construct one. There were 
one or two in the country, one at Raynham and one or two near 
Boston. But the necessary mill for this business was a rolling or 
slitting mill, which would take the iron hammered into bars from die 
forge and split them into nail rods, out of which the nails were to 
be hammered. These rods were then to be taken home by the far- 
mers and hammered into nails of any required length and size. 
There was but one such mill in the country, and that was in Milton, 
near what is now Milton Mills. Its owner was reaping a large profit 
from it. All admittance to this wonderful mill was forbidden. Irs 
mysteries were kept a profound secret ; its entrance was carefully 
guarded, and the workmen were under heavy bonds never to reveal 
the mysterious process by which nail rods were there produced. 

At this time a young man by the name of Hushai Thomas lived 
in Middleboro'. Mr. Oliver had put him in charge of his works. 
He had superintended their repair, and was of bright parts, a 
natural mechanic, of accurate eye and keen perceptions in everything 
that related to his craft. Tradition has it that Judge Oliver offered 
him a large sum of money if he would build him a slitting mill that 
would do the work done at Milton. The offer was too tempting ro 
be rejected without trial. Early in the week, one bright summer 
day, young Thomas was missing from his home. His wife knew 
nothing of his whereabouts, although she did not seem to share the 
anxiety of the neighbors as to his fate. The next morning a shabby, 
ill-kempt, idiotic person came to the quiet town of Milton, and was 
seen sauntering about the place, begging for something to eat. At 
first the villagers were frightened at his appearance and were shy of 
him. He remained there for some weeks, and the honest people re- 
garding him as a poor, simple-minded unfortunate, allowed him to 
sleep in their barns. He was playful witli the children, and they be- 
came gradually attached to the foolish fellow. He seemed to prefer 
to play about the mill, and the workmen, as they went out and in, 
became accustomed to his idiotic ways. One day at noon, while 
playing with some small children, the workmen as they left for 
dinner neglected to close the door of the mill. The simnle- 
minded man, to hide from the children, ran into it. He was 
there but a short time and then ran out. The next day he dis- 
appeared, but, alas, the mystery of the wonderful mill went with 
him. In a few days it was told that young Thomas had returned, 
and that foundations were being laid for a new mill at Oliver's works. 
The mill when completed produced as good work as that done by 
the mill at Milton, and the neighbors began to see that in some way 
the fortunes of young Thomas had wonderfully improved. 
vol. xx. 22* 



246 Chief Justice Oliver, [July, 

During the French and Indian war Mr. Oliver was also largely 
engaged at his works in Middleboro' in making ordnance, shot and 
shell, for the colonies.* His prudent management, his extensive 
acquaintance and warm personal friends, made his business very 
lucrative, and enabled him to maintain a style of living far superior 
to the average citizen. 

Soon after coming to Middleboro' he erected, for his country resi- 
dence, Oliver Hall. It stood on a level tract of land about half 
way up what is now known as Muttock Hill, on the Southeasterly 
side of the road leading from Middleboro' to Bridsrewater. It 
commanded an extensive view of the adjacent country. The borders 
of the land upon which the house stood sloped to the banks of the 
Nemasket River and the large winding pond formed thereby. The 
grounds were very extensive, laid out after the manner of English 
parks, with broad avenues bordered with ornamental trees, shaded 
walks, with flower and fruit gardens, and a lawn in front of the 
house overlooking the pond and river. 

The Hall was approached from the road through an avenue lined 
with ornamental trees, which wound from the top of the hill passing 
the Hall, and descended by gradual descent to the margin of the 
banks of the pond and river. f About the grounds were many shaded 
walks and grove3, beautified by the choicest shrubs and flowers. 
As this avenue wound about the grounds down the sloping hill it 
passed a summer house on the borders of the pond, pleasantly situat- 
ed under the shade of the original oaks of the forest. It was beauti- 
fully designed, and had accommodation for a large number of guests. 
Just back of it was a flowing spring of water, with an ingenious 
device for cooling wine kept in an adjoining apartment. The Hall 
itself was patterned after the Manor House of the old country, 
stately and spacious. Its frame was shipped from England. Its 
internal decorations, its carving, its wainscotting, its hangings were 
all made expressly for it in London. It had its grand staircase, its 
spacious parlor, its high ceilings. The Library formed an L of the 
Hall, and was entered through an elaborate carved lattice work. It 
was a large room, high studded, and upon its shelves were to be 
found the best books the times could produce. It was one of the 
best libraries in the province. The Hall had elegant guest chambers 
and extensive servants' apartments. The parlor, library and dining 
hall were richly wainscotted, their walls covered with elaborate hang- 
ings, and the floors laid in polished English oak. Gov. Hutchinson 
remarked at one time after visiting Oliver Hall, that it was the finest 
residence in his Majesty's dominions in New England. J 

The spacious and elegant apartments, the generous hospitality of 

* Hist of Plymouth County, p. 1023. 

+ Traces of tbis avenue and the site of the summer house are still to be seen on these 
grounds. 
1 Middleboro* Gase&fi. 



1886.] Chief Justice Oliver. 247 

the host and the elegance and extent of the grounds, made Oliver 
Hall a favorite resort of the wealth and fashion of the time. Gov- 
ernor Bowdoin, considered one of the wealthiest men of the colony, 
was often there, Governor Hutchinson and family spent many sum- 
mers there. Andrew Oliver, then Lieut. Governor, and Sir John 
and Sir Grenville Temple, were among the frequent guests. Dis- 
tinguished gentlemen from the old country visiting the province were 
considered as not completing their tour through the colonies without 
a visit to the famous country seat of the Chief Justice.* 

A description of the social parties there given, and the prominent 
men and elegant women in attendance, would form an interesting 
chapter in the social history of the times. One of these famous 
occasions, the old housekeeper of the Hall was ever fond of narrating. 
A special messenger came riding all the way from Boston bearing 
the news of the birth of an heir to His Majesty, King George the 
Third. He approached the Hall on a gallop, swinging his hat and 
shouting "Long live the King ! a prince has been born to the royal 
family of England." She took great pleasure in describing the grand 
company assembled that night in the Hall, how the tables were 
loaded and toasts given in honor of the occasion. Governor Hutch- 
inson was there, and Governor Oliver came with some ladies from 
Boston. He wore a suit of scarlet silk velvet, with gold buttons 
and lace ruffles for the sleeves and bosom ; short breeches, white 
silk long stockings with gold shoe and knee buckles made up his 
suit. Governor Hutchinson was dressed nearly in the same way, 
only his suit was trimmed with gold lace. Many other illustrious 
men with their wives and daughters were there, dressed with all of 
the taste and elegance of the times. There was dancing and music 
and wine in abundance, and the assembly did not disperse until late 
at night, f 

During the early years of his residence in Middleboro', Mr. Oliver 
found time to attend to many public duties, representing the town in 
the General Court during these years. Pie was specially interested in 
agriculture, horticulture and floriculture, J taking great pains to 
introduce the choicest kinds of fruit and flowers adapted to the 
locality. John Adams in his diary speaks of seeing some rare 
flower, the seed of which came from Judge Oliver's garden. § He 
imported some new breeds of stock, which he supposed would be 
better than those found on the farms of his neighbors. He seemed 
always anxious to improve the condition of the farming interest in 
the county, and gave it an impetus which was not lost during his 
generation. 

His chief delight seemed to be in gathering about him men and 
women of the culture and refinement of the times, and discussing in 

♦ Middleboro' Gazette. + Ibid. 

t 2d Series Mass. His. Col. Vol. 3, p. 169. 

$ John Adams's (Diary) Works, Vol. 2, p. 137. 



248 Chief Justice Oliver. [July* 

his spacious and well-filled library the questions of literature and 
politics of the day.* Scholars from all parts of the colony came to 
consult his books and manuscripts, and for such information as 'he 
only could give them in matters of history, literature and art. 

Nor were his tastes confined merely to literary and political 
subjects. He was considered as an authority in matters of archi- 
tecture and music. After his appointment to the Court of Common 
Pleas he planned, in 1740, and superintended the erection of the 
Court House in Plymouth,! which stood as late as 1815, a structure 
much admired for its architectural beauty. He had a cultivated ear 
and a good voice for singing, r.nd so desirous was he to improve the 
musical tastes of the people of the town, that he took an active part in 
the singing in the church near his domains. One of the venerable 
'dames of the parish, disgusted with the innovation of the times and 
the new-fangled music in the meeting-house, in writing to one of 
her friends, expressed her contempt and disgust by saying, r even 
the Judge of the land was bawling in the gallery with the boys.'*' 

Notwithstanding his wealth, official position and style of living, he 
mingled freely with the people, was always considerate towards 
them and did much towards furnishing them with remunerative em- 
ployment at his works or on his estate. No poor man ever went 
from his door without his necessary wants being supplied. The 
people of the town looked up to him for advice upon all matters of 
business, or whenever they needed counsel, and always found in him 
a warm and sympathetic friend. His strong common sense, his 
extensive reading, his knowledge of law and men were of great 
service to them, and his advice much sought after and usually heeded. 
His kindness of heart, his generosity and the interest he seemed to 
take in their welfare, gave him great influence in the place of his 
home. At one time he complained to a friend that there was only 
one man in town who would express an opinion contrary to his if 
he had previously stated his views on the subject ; with his townsmen 
his word was regarded as law. 

Mr. Oliver was appointed a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas. 
for Plymouth County during Governor Shirley's administration, in 
December, 1747, and continued to hold that office until his promotion 
to the bench of the Superior Court. At the time of his appointment 
the Court of Common Pleas had been in existence since 1702 4 It was 
originally known in the Old Colony as the Associates' Court, 5 but 
during the administration of Andros it assumed the name of Court of 
Common Pleas, and so continued until the Revolution. Upon the 
adoption of the Constitution the Court was continued with substan- 

* He left a very full Diary of the prominent events of his life, with an account of the 
public men of his time with whom he was associated, which is about being published in 
London. 

t Thatcher's Hist. Plymouth, p. 174. 

t Washburn's Jud. His. Mass. ZcA. 

\ Baylies. 



1886.] Chief Justice Oliver. 249 

tially the same jurisdiction and powers. Under the Charter the Jus- 
tices of this Court did not go beyond the County for which they were 
commissioned. Their salary was small and not uniform, and but a 
small portion of their time was occupied in the discharge of their offi- 
cial duties. His acceptance of the position did not seem to interfere 
with his business or his habits of study which he had continued from 
his early years. At this time his business was large and lucrative, 
and enabled him to live in the princely style we have already indi- 
cated. The grounds about Oliver Hall were carefully cultivated 
and improved, and he continually added such adornments as his 
taste suggested. 

"With him, on the bench of this Court, were Isaac Lothrop, Elijah 
Cushing and Thomas Clapp. These men, though not educated for 
the bar, were all of them men of mark and ability, and enjoyed the 
confidence of the bar and of those who came before the Court. 
Upon the dedication of the new Court House which Judge Oliver 
had planned, and whose construction he had superintended, his first 
duty was to pronounce an eulogy upon the death of his associate 
Judge Cushing, which was published at the time, one copy of which 
has come down to us and is in the Library of the Athenaeum. This 
Court, however, although composed of men of high character, was 
not surrounded with the pomp and display of the Superior Court, 
and its justices did not assume the rank and dignity accorded to the 
latter Court. The barristers of the province, whose talents and legal 
abilities would well compare with the practitioners of the time before 
the highest Courts in Westminster, were often before this Court. 
It was the fashion for them often to speak disparagingly of it, and 
they professed to have a contempt for any ruling on matters of law 
or opinion, which this Court might give, which happened to be 
against their particular client. 

One of the ablest lawyers who practised in this time in the Courts 
of Plymouth County was Timothy Ruggles. He was a barrister of 
large practice, his only rival being James Otis. He was generally 
known as Brigadier Ruggles, from his conspicuous service in the 
French and Indian wars. The late venerable Abraham Holmes, in 
an address before the Bristol bar in 1834, gives this anecdote of 
Brigadier Ruggles, in a case before this Court at this time. While 
he was engaged in the trial of a cause, a very old woman who was a 
witness, told him that she could stand no longer and asked him 
where she might sit ; Ruggles looking about and seeing no vacant 
seat except on the bench, told her inadvertently to go and sit there. 
The old woman hobbled to the bench, crept up the stairs, got within 
the enclosure occupied by the Judges before they noticed her, and 
was sitting down, when one of them asked her what 6he was there 
for. She replied that Mr. Ruggles had told her to go up there and 
sit down. The Court with offended dignity asked him if he had so 
told her. Ruggles could not evade the question and answered that 



250 Chief Justice Oliver. [July* 

he had. The Court asked, how came you to do this, Sir? He could 
not retreat, and must make the best of it, and looking with a diorni- 
fied smile, hesitatingly said, I — I — really thought that place was 
made for old women. The Court regarded this answer as an insult, 
but, after consultation, concluded the easiest way out of it was to, let 
the matter drop, and the trial proceeded, and the old lady kept her 
place. Mr. Buggies, however, did not hesitate a few years after 
to accept the same position as a Justice of that Court for Worcester 
County.* 

Upon the death of Judge Saltonstall in 1756, Judge Oliver was 
appointed his successor on the bench of the Superior Court. f The 
importance of the various matters over which it had jurisdiction, it 
being the appellate Court of the Colonies, the high character of the 
men who were on its bench, the pomp and dignity which attended 
its deliberations, all served to impress upon the people the impor- 
tance of this, the highest judicial tribunal of the land. The court 
then consisted of Stephen Sewell as Chief Justice, and Benjamin 
Lynde, John Cashing aud Chambers Russell as associate justices. 

This was the happiest period of his life. He was known and 
honored throughout the Province. His judicial ability was recog- 
nized by the entire bar, and his accession to the bench of this Court 
was cordially welcomed by his associates. His income from his 
business was large. Oliver Hall had become celebrated in both 
countries, not only for its generous hospitality, the beauty and extent 
of its grounds, but for the men of rank and culture that were there 
entertained. A writer of the times says of this place, that it was 
? Where the native grove under his forming hand had become such 
an one as Thomson found in the shades of Hagley." i The 
troubles between the Colonies and the Mother Country, which 
ere long were to undermine his influence and render him an exile, 
had not assumed such form and magnitude as to indicate the 
results which were to follow. 

The duties of his office now absorbed much of his time, and he 
discharged them conscientiously and fearlessly. His business was 
entrusted to the care and management of others. He nevertheless 
always found time to continue his studies in literature and in the 
politics and history of the times. 

His salary at this time was but 1G0 pounds per annum, § a sum 
wholly inadequate to meet his personal expenses. The Judges of 
this Court were obliged to maintain the same pomp of style and 
display as the English judges of the period. They wore the same 
style of robes, wigs and swords |] when on the bench, and wherever 
they were great deference was paid to them. Judge Oliver always 
made his journey to and from Boston with his coach and four, his 

* Washburn, p. 226. t Dr. Eliot Bars, " It was a verv popular appointment." 

t 2d Scries Mass. His. Col., Vol. 3, p. 100. 

J Washburn, p. 102. i| 2 Loyalists of Am. Rev., p. 128. 



1886.] Chief Justice Oliver. 251 

coat of arms emblazoned on the panels of the doors, with attending 
outriders and postillion. Wherever these courts were to be held, the 
High Sheriff of the County, the prominent men of the place and the 
barristers were in the habit of going out to meet them as they ap- 
proached the town, and escorting them with great pomp and display 
to the public inn where they were to remain during the term of 
Court. None of the English Courts of the times were more dignified 
than that of the Superior Court of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 

No better idea of its dignity while in session in 1761 can be given 
than by transcribing President Adams's description of it in a letter 
to Mr. Tudor.* It was at the hearing upon the matter of granting 
the celebrated writs of assistance. It was in the Council Chamber 
of the old State House in Boston, where the courts were held for 
Suffolk. All the members of the Court were present. The most 
prominent counsel of the province were engaged on the one side or 
the other ; there was Gridley for the petitioner, and Thatcher and 
James Otis for the remonstrants. He says, "In this chamber near 
the fire were seated the five Judges, with Lieut. Governor Hutchin- 
son at their head as chief justice ; all in their fresh robes of scarlet 
English cloth with their broad bands and enormous judicial wigs. 
In this chamber were seated at a long table all the barristers of 
Boston and its neighboring County of Middlesex, in their gowns and 
bands and tye wigs. They were not seated on Ivory chairs, but 
their dress was more solemn and more pompous than that of the Ro- 
man Senate when the Gauls broke in upon them." Mr. Adams adds, 
"" then and there was the first scene of the first act of opposition to 
the arbitrary claim of Great Britain." 

It is worthy of note in the light of events which soon after followed, 
that Judge Oliver, although known to be an intense royalist, honestly 
supporting every measure of the Crown, as a matter of course, 
before and long after the trial of this great question of the power of 
this Court to grant writs of assistance, was regarded by the bar and 
the entire community not only as a polished gentleman, j but as an 
able and fearless Judge, who would under all circumstances do exact 
justice in all matters that came before him. 

Perhaps the most memorable trial before this Court in which 
Judge Oliver sat as an associate Judge was that of Capt. Preston 
and his soldiers in 1770, for manslaughter in what is familiarly 
known as the Boston Massacre. His charge to the jury % in this case, 

* Letter -written in 1817. John Adams's Works, Vol. X., pnge 21-5. 

t John Adams in his diary, under date of November 9. 1771. thus alluded to the subject 
of this sketch. • ' Dined this day, -pent the afternoon and drank tea at Jud:re Ropes's with 
Judges Lynde, Oliver, and Hutchinson, Sewall, Putnam and Winthrop. Mrs. Ropes is a 
fine woman, very pretty and genteel. Our Judge Oliver is the best bred gentleman of all 
the judges by far; there is something in every one of the others indecent and disagreeable 
at times in company— affected witticisms, unpolished fleers, coarse jests, and sometimes 
Tounh, rude attacks — but these you don't see escape Jndsre Oliver." — (John Adams's Works 
<ind Diary, Vol. 2, p. 281 ) A writer in the Miss. Hist. Col. 2d Series, Vol. 3, p. 100, thus 
alludes to him. "Jiu-^e Oliver was one of the Corinthian ornaments of the County of 
Plymouth while he resided in it." 

1 Trial of British Soldiers, Boston, 1S07, p. 114. 



252 Chief Justice Oliver, [July, 

is the only one that has come down to us, of the many he gave 
during his administration of justice. It is a model of its kind and 
fully justifies the high estimate given him, as an able and impartial 
jud^e.* 

The excitement over this affair was intense. The court met a 
week after the tragedy in King Street. Indictments were immedi- 
ately found against Capt. Preston and his men. On account of the 
high state of feeling the court had continued the case until the next 
term. But the desire of the people was so intense for their immedi- 
ate trial, that a considerable number of prominent men of Boston, 
with Mr. Adams at their head, went in a body to the Superior Court 
and were so earnest for a speedy trial that the Court thought it 
advisable to annul their order for a continuance, and appointed a 
special term for the trial, f Attempts were made to prejudice the 
minds of the people against the prisoners. Popular feeling was so 
strong that an appeal was even made through the newspapers to 
prejudice the Court against them. Judge Oliver in his charge to the 
jury alluded to this as an insult to him personally and his associates. 
So intense was the feeling and so great was the pressure brought to 
bear upon some of the judges that they through fear of personal 
harm hesitated to sit at the trial. Governor Hutchinson, in a private 
letter at that time, says, he "found it difficult to prevail upon three 
of the judges to sit at the trial for fear of losing their popularity." 
In this letter he refers to the firmness of Judge Oliver in his charge 
to the jury, and his exposition of the law in opposition to the false 
principles of government lately set up. 

As further illustrating the excitement of the times and the weak- 
ness of some of the members of the Court, he says, under date of 
Aug. 28, 1770: "I have persuaded Judge Lynde, who came to 
town with his resignation in his pocket, to hold his position a little 
longer. Timid as he is, I think Trowbridge more so. The only 
difference is that little matters, as well as great, frighten Lynde. 
Judge Oliver appears to be firm, though threatened in yesterday's 
paper, and I hope dishing will be so likewise." 

Notwithstanding the timidity of some of the Court, at the trial 
they all showed great firmness and presided with strict impartiality. 
The prisoners were fearlessly and ably defended by John Adams 
and Josiah Quincy. The trial lasted eight days, and resulted in the 
acquittal of Capt. Preston and six of his soldiers, and the convic- 
tion of two of them for manslaughter. Although the popular clamor 
was strong for the conviction of Capt. Preston and his men, and the 
prejudice against them most bitter, these verdicts were soon after re- 
garded as just, and the trial a triumph of justice. 

[To be continued.] 

* The trial was before the full bench, and in accordance with the practice of the court at 
this time each judge gave a charge to the jury, 
t Hutchinson's Hist., Vol. 3, p. 286. 



1886.] Early Matters reletting to Dorchester. 253 



EARLY MATTERS RELATING TO THE TOWN AND 
FIRST CHURCH OF DORCHESTER. 

Communicated by "William Blake Tra.sk, Esq., of Dorchester. 



Deed of William Hannum to Jonas Humfret, 
Dorchester, 1G37. 

rpHE following memorandum of a deed is the earliest unrecorded 
JL conveyance that we have seen.* It is of the house, home lot, 
&C., of William Hannum, then of Dorchester, Jonas Ilumfrey, 
grantee, the original of which is in possession of the venerable Deacon 
Henry Humphreys, of Dorchester, who is a descendant of Jonas in 
the seventh generation. Mr. II. is living on the same plat deeded 
to his first ancestor, the property having been owned and the land 
occupied by the family to the present time. 

Constable Jonas Ilumfrey came from TTendover, co. Bucks, 
England. The family tradition is that he arrived in Dorchester on 
the 9th of September, 1637, and the next day bought the premises 
hereafter mentioned. (See Reg. xxxvi. 274.) It appears by rec- 
ord that, on the 10th of September, 1637, the town granted w Wil- 
liam Han nam " that part of the swamp lying over against his house, 
so far as Richard Wade's pale, on condition that said Hannam pay 
his part of the charge with the rest of the neighbors, maintaining a 
bridge over the water. The next paragraph reads thus: — "The 
howse of Willm Hannam with the sayd p ? te of his swamp, his hoame 
lott and great lot, and one aker of meddow hee hath made sales of 
vnto Jonas Humphries with his Interest in the Comons." (See 
Dorchester Town Records, page 29 ; Fourth Report of Record 
Commissioners, Boston, page 2-1.) 

William Hannum had a son John, born in Dorchester. The 
father removed to Windsor, Conu., Savage thinks as late as 1639 ; 
afterwards he went to Northampton, Mass., where he died June 1, 
1677. His widow, Honor Hannum (whom Dorothy Upshall, wid- 
ow of Nicholas, culls sister in her will), died at TTestfield in 1680. 

Jonas Ilumfrey died March 19, 1661-2. (See abstract of his 
will, Register, xi. 37, 38.) His son James, a witness to this 
deed, was a Ruling Elder in the Dorchester church. He died May 
12, 1686. 

* On the 2d of September, 1G37, John Branker, a schoolmaster, who removed to Windsor, 
sold AmbrOM; Martin, afterward* of Weymouth, his dwelling house, and about thirty-six 
acre< of land in Dorchester. This was a" few days, only, before the grant made by the town 
to William Hannum. 

William Pynchon, also, in 1634, or earlier, sold his land with the house in Dorchester he 
had built and doubtless occupied, to Thomas Newberry, a ?rcat real estate owner of his 
time.— See Dorchester Town Records, Vol. I. pages 11 and 23. Also, Fourth Report of the 
Record Coinmissiuners, pages 7 and 24. 

VOL. XL. 23 



254 Early Matters relating to Dorchester. [July, 

Oliver Purchase sold land in Dorchester to Thomas Swift, Sept. 
21, 1640.; removed to Taunton, subsequently to Lynn, thence to 
Concord, where he died, Xov. 20, 1701. He was a representative 
to the General Court in 1600, and after that, at the last, says Sav- 
age, in 1689. 

It will be noticed that the following deed is called a " Memoran- 
dum." One definition of this word, according to "Webster, is " an 
instrument drawn up in a brief and compendious form." The date 
is not given, but circumstances, stated above, settle it satisfactorily 
to be about the 10th of September, 1637. 

The names of the grantor and of the witnesses were placed at the 
top instead of the bottom of the conveyance, but it is thought more 
appropriate to print them in the usual form. 

Memorandum 

That I William Hammon of Dorchester; Together with the consent 
of my wife do sell vnto the saide Jonas Humfrey of Dorchester my house 
and whom lott of 3 Acres belonging therevnto: with the corne and all 
other fruite vpon together with the Swamp before the doore: and alsoe w th 
plott of land that is my right & pper due and is to be taken at the West 
end of my whome lott: next vuto Poxberry: My Medow ground g raised 
at the fresh marsh the ualue of one Acre or thereabouts with my greate 
lott and all other Rights in commons or alotments that shall heereafter be 
allotted : for the sum of fiue and Therty Pounds to be paide vnto the saide 
WiJliam Hammon; or his assignes by the saide Jonas Humfrey or his as- 
signees. For payment whereof it is thus agreed; that he y e saide William 
Ham shall haue 20 pounds at the present sealing heereof and 8 pounds at 
the present tyme when the saide William Hammon shall haue cleared the 
house of all goods and annoyances, and the other seauen pounds liemayn- 
ing the saide william Hammon is to haue of the saide Jonas Humfrey a 
hogshead of meale of the value of 9 Bushels at the price of 3 pounds 12 
shillings, and the other sum of the payment remaining to be thus. 40 shil- 
lings in money yf that it canbe conveniently ]0vided, or otherwise the whole 
to be paide iu such sutlicient goods as the saide Jonas Humfrey hath to pay: 
In witnesse whereof: 1 haue set to my hand & seale in the presence of these 
aboue written 

the marke of William Hammon X 
Witnesses. 

James Humfrey (Seal) 

Oliuer Purchis 

On the back of this Memorandum is written the folio wing cove- 
nant, witnessed probably by the same parties, but names not re- 
peated. 

[th]ese presents I william [llarajmon of Dorch [ester] 
do: couenant & gmise [ ] [sai]de Jonas [Humlfrey that In case 

either the Swamp before this my hou>e or lots in my £>pry righ[t] These 
which I haue sold to the saide Jonas Humfrey the parcell of that laud that 
is to be taken in behind the saide swarnne lott belonging to the saide 
house: shalbe iu after tyme demauuded or required of the saide Jonas 



1886.] Early Matters relating to Dorchester. 255 



Humfrey or his ayres or assignes I the saide william ILimmon aforesaicle 
Doe couenant & |)mise to the saide Jonas Humfrey [a tore] saide or his 
ayres or assignea to y e said Jonas Humfrey or his assigne3 to be fully satis- 
fyed either in possession [or paijment for the saide [ ] land of either 
side: and heereunto I haue my hand [in] pres[ence] of these witnesses 
heere vndernamed : 



Deed of John Mixot to Joxas and James Humphrey, of 
Dorchester, 165G. 

This early unrecorded deed of land in Dorchester was made, pro- 
bably, to the father and son bearing the above names, though 
strangely enough, through the whole instrument, it is nine times 
written "Jonah" and James. It will be noticed that they are called 
glovers, the manufacture of gloves probably being their occupation 
when in England. Thev earlv turned their attention, according to 
tradition, to the tanning of hides, " whose pits were employed/' 
says Mr. Savage in his mention of Jonas the father, R by six gene- 
rations of most worthy descendants." 

John Minot, the grantor, was a son of Elder George Minot, of 
Dorchester, who came from Saffron- Waldcn, Essex, England, and 
settled at Neponset. The son was born April 2, 1626, in England ; 
married Lydia Butler, of Dorchester, May 19, 1647. He died Au- 
gust 12, 1669. He was styled "Captain," and is first mentioned 
by name, w r e think, on the Town Records in 1652 (page 71). See 
Minot Genealogy, Reg. i. 172. 

We take great pleasure in furnishing in fac-simile the autographs 
of the two witnesses to this deed, Henry Conliffe and John Gingill, 
as their names have been so variously written. "We are not aware 
of their signatures being extant elsewhere. 

Henry Conliffe, of Dorchester, was made freeman May 29, 1644. 
(See Reg. iii. 190, where the name reads "Gunlithe.") He had 
wife Susan or Susanna. She was admitted to Dorchester church 
" 1 mo decimo 43." Thev had a daughter Susanna born in Dor- 
chester, 15. 1. 1641. (Reg. v. 98.) Mr. Conliffe removed to 
Northampton with the early settlers, and with others from Dorches- 
ter aided in forming the church there. The following paragraphs, 
copied from the Dorchester Church Records, show the action taken 
by the church in relation to thc^e matters. "28 (2) 61. Mr. 
Eliazer Mather, William Clarke, Henery Cunlife & llenery Wood- 
ward dismissed to Joyne w th some others for y e gathering of a 
Church at Northampton." 

"9 (4) 61 was deakon Edward Clapp & M r Peletiah Glouer now 
at Springfeild & Tho Tilstone chosen as messengers of y e Church to 
goe to Northampton to y e gathering of y fc Church ther w ch is to be 
don vpon y e 18 th of this instant." 

* 23 (4) 61 the messengers of y e Church \\- h weer sent vnto 



256 Early Matters relating to Dorchester. [July, 

Northampton made report of what work ther done namly that vpon 
y e day appointed ther was a Church gathered in that place & y' M r 
Eliazer Slather was then ordained pastor to that Church the same 
day." Mr. Mather was a son of the Rev. Richard Mather, of 
Dorchester. 

"1 (7) 61 Sarah, wife of William Clarke, Elizabeth, wife of 
Henry Woodward, and Susan, wife of Ilenery Cunlife dismissed vnto 
y e Church at Northampton." 

Mr. ConlifFe died at Northampton, Sept. 14, 1673; the widow 
departed this life, Nov. 19, 1675. (Reg. iii. 176.) "His only 
child Susanna," says Savage, " had been betrothed to Eldad Pome- 
roy, who died in 1662 ; she married in 1663, Matthew Cole, and 
Dec. 12, 1665, John Webb, Jr." 

John Gingill, according to Baylies, was among the first purchas- 
ers at Taunton, his name being the thirty-sixth in order. (Baylies' 
Plymouth, i. 286.) In 1643 there were 54 males in Taunton, be- 
tween 16 and 20, subject to military duty, John Gingill among the 
number. On the 6th of May, 1646, he was made freeman. As early 
as the 2d of the 12th month, 1646, he was an inhabitant of Dor- 
chester, for at that date we find his name, with other proprietors of 
lands in Dorchester, namely, Richard Mather, John Glover, Ed- 
ward Breck, William Blake, Roger Clap, Christopher Gibson, Wil- 
liam Sumner, &c, who, in regard to the fencing of their lots, refer- 
red the subject to the arbitration of Isaac Heath, John Johnson and 
William Parke, of Roxbury. This committee made their report, 
23. 12. 1646, as on record in the Dorchester Town Book, pages 
100 and 101. (See Fourth Report of Record Commissioners, 
76-78.) 

Bray Wilkins, husbandman, and John Gingill, tailor, both of 
Dorchester, went afterwards to Lynn. They purchased of Richard 
Bellingham 700 acres of land, Mr. Bellingham's farm, called " Will 
Hill," situated "on the head of Salem, to the north west from said 
Towne, there being within the said place, a hill, where an Indian 
plantation sometime had been, & a pond, and about a hundred or a 
hundred & fifty acres of meadow." The territory was granted to 
Mr. Bellingham by the General Court, Sept. 6, 1638. To secure 
the payment of 225 pounds sterling, interest at 8 per cent., this 
land was mortgaged to said Bellingham, who with his wife Pene- 
lope^ on the 9th of March, 1659, reconveyed the farm to Wilkins 
and Gingill. In 1661 the latter parties petitioned the General Court 
to be put under the jurisdiction of Salem, which was allowed. 

March 31, 1673, Wilkins and Gingill mortgaged two third parts 
of the 700 acres, as security for 50 pounds, f * with interest, after 
6 pound p'cent," unto John Oxenbridge, Anthony Stoddard and 
James Allen, of Boston, executors of the will of Richard Belling- 
ham. In 1723 the inhabitants of this territory were released from 
their ecclesiastical obligations to Salem village, on condition of hav- 



■o"~*~~~ "~ •*' ~~~ "-— . " 



1886.] Early Matters relating to Dorchester. 257 

ing a minister settled over them. In 1728 these lands, with parts 
of Andover, Boxford and Topsfield, were incorporated into a town 
by the name of Middleton. (Sec Felt's Annals of Salem, i. 210.) 

The will of John Gingill, of Salem, was made April 10, 1685, lie 
being at that time, as he states, 70 years old, so that he was born 
about the year 1615. This instrument was proved, March 24, 1636- 
7, by Aaron Way and " Thomas bayle," two of the three witnesses, 
the other being Mary Way. He gave to John Wilkins his lot of up- 
land on the south side of the pond, next Thomas Fuller's, with 
meadow at the end of the hill, between the pond and the fr rlmi>." 
To his three sisters 10 pounds, "Elizabeth baile " 40 shillings, 
Mary Wilkins 3 pounds, Abigail Wilkins 5 pounds. To Bray 
Wilkin's four sons, children to Samuel Child, Thomas Wilkins, 
Henry Wilkins, Benjamin Wilkins, " leadday knickels," K marga- 
ret knit" [to each family 40 shillings]. To the church of Dor- 
chester, 5 pounds ; to m r Lawson, then minister of Salem village, 
if he continue there till a church be gathered, five pounds. Richard 
Hall Sen r , of Dorchester, William Ireland Scn r & John Wilkins, 
executors. 

Inventory of the estate taken by Thomas Fuller and Aaron War, 
Dec. 20, 1686. Mentions 2 Cows, 2 Heifers, 5 Swine. House 
and Land, £150. Total, £174.16.9. 

A John Gingden took the oath of fidelity, July 23, 1674, at a 
court at Pemaquid. (Reg. iii. 243.) 

Besides his own signature, we have seen his name spelled at least 
fourteen different ways, namely — Gengel, Gengell, Gengels, Gen- 
gen, Gengill, Gingden, Gingell, Gingen, Gingin, Gingine, Gin- 
gion, Gingle, Gingley, Ginjion. 

Thi[s] Deede made the Twentie fourth Day off Decemb r in the veare 
off o r Lord one Thousand six hundred riftie & six Betweene John Minott oif 
Dorchester in New England yeoman oif the one ptie and Jonah & James 
Humphrey of Dorchester afore?ayde Glouers oif the other ptie Witnesseth 
That the sayd John minott tf./ good & valuable Consideration in hand 
payed liaue Giuen granted Bargayned & sold Enfeoffed & Confirmed and bv 
Thesse p r sents Doe Giue grant Bargayne & sell & EnfeorFe and Conri?me 
vn to the sayd Jonah £ James humphrie a pele off land in Dorchester t\ in^e 
in the first Devision Beinge eight acres more or lesse with all the irmr- 
tenances Theroff lyinge within The feild Commonly Called y e eight acre 
lotts Beinge Bounded with the land off Jonah & James Humphrey on the 
north pte & the land of Richard Ha[wes ?] on the south pte off the ~ame 
& the fence off the eight acre lotts on the east pte as alsoe the fence off the 
eight acre lotts on the west pte To Haue Hold occupie posses and in joy the 
sayd p r mises & Euery pte Theroff with the ffence Therto belon^i^e 
with all other the appurtenances Theroff vnto the sayd Jonah & James 
humphrie Ther heires & assignes riV Ever and the sayd Johu Minott his 
heires executo" & admhiistrato" Couenanteth & Granteth to and with the 
sayd Jonah <Sc James hamphrie ther heires executo rj Administrate" an i as- 
signes by thesse p r sents That the sayd p r mises shallbee and Continue to 
VOL. XL. 23* 



258 Early Matters relating to Dorchester. July, 

bee the pper right & inheritance off the sayd Jonah & James humphreye 
There heires executors & assignes fo r Euer without any the lett mollesta- 
tion Trouble or expullsion off him the sayd John Minott his heires execu- 
tors or assignes or any Clayminge any title clayme or interest to the same 
or any v)te or pcle theroff ffrom or vnder him or any off Them Alsoe the 
sayd John Minott Doe for himselfe his heires executors & Administrators 
AVarrent & Defend the sayd pmiises & every pte therotf with the appurte- 
nances theroff vnto the said Jonah & James humphrie ther heires & as- 
signes for euer by thesse p r sents against the lawfull CI ay me off any other 
gson or gsons whattsoeuer. And shall & will pforme & doe or Cause to 
bee pformed & donn any such further act or acts as hee the sayd John 
Minott shalbee thervnto Advised or Required by the sayd Jonah & James 
humphrie or Ther assignes for a more full & pfect Couveighinge or assur- 
inge the sayd p r mises vnto the sayd Jonah <Sc James humphrie Ther heires 
or assignes accordinge to the lawes off This Jurisdiction In witnes the 
sayd John Minott haue hearvnto put his hand & seale The Day & yeare 

abouesa y d John Minott (Seal) 

Signed sealed & Delivered 
in the p r sence of us. viz 






Communion Cups. 

It will be noticed that John Gingill, in his will, gave 5 pounds 
to the church of Dorchester. A silver cup bearing the name of 
" John Gengen, 1685," is still in possession of the First Church in 
Dorchester, of which the Rev. 0. R. Eliot is now pastor. 

It may be interesting in this connection to give the following ex- 
tracts from the old Church Records : "April 6, 1709. The Church 
hath Nine Pieces of Plate for y e sacranr (2 Given by s d m r Stough- 
ton, 2 by m r Thomas Lake, one by m" Thacher, one by m r Isaac 
Jones, one by m" Patten, one by m r John Gingen, one by Anoth r 
hand, all of Silver. In pewter the Chh hath 4 flaggons, 4 pewter 
Dishes, one Basin & Tankard, & one pewter Cup. Agreed that a 
Strong Chest be bought to Lock up y e Churches Plate in." 

In a report made to the Church, May 11th, 1709, it mentions 
"a Certain Legacy of Three Pounds bequeathed by m" Burgesse 
alias Gurnet to be laid out in a Piece of Plate for the said Church." 

This person was doubtless Mrs. Jane Burge, widow of John 
Burge, and formerly the wife of John Cornell, a man well known 
in Dorchester history. 

In referring to the original will of Jane Burge, at the Probate 
office in Boston, made March 2, 1677-8, proved Slay 9. 1678, we find 
that she gave " to the church of Dorchester three pounds in money 



1886.] Early Matters relating to Dorchester. 259 

for to purchase A siluer cup for the vse of the church ; " her laud 
was to go to John Mason and his heirs forever ; in case of their 
death, to the poor of the town. In the old cemetery at Dorchester, 
facing Stoughton Street, may be seen, side by side, two promi- 
nent brown gravestones, one bearing the name of John Gomel, who 
died July 31, 1675, the other, "Jeane Wife to John Gomel, 
Aged 78 Years Dyed 4 Apryl 1678." See Reg. iv. 166. Why 
her gravestone bears the name of Gomel, rather than Burge, we 
know not. John Burge is mentioned in her will as " my husband 
John Burge," who is to have the use of house, land, <£c. during life. 

The Dorchester Church Record continues : 

"May 22, 1721, Elder Preston gave account of a Xew Piece of 
plate given to y e Church for y° Lord's Supper, by m r Eben. With- 
ington." 

"At a meeting of the first Church in Dorch. N. E. Lawfully 
warned by y e Deacons & Convened in the Publick Meeting House 
May 18, 1721. It is called the First Church to distinguish it from 
y e New Church at Punkapog." Article seventh — "That of v e 
Churches revenues the deacons adde so much to y c 40sh. bequeathed 
by an Aged Brother old m r Williams deceased, as may produce a 
midling new silver Cup for y c Lords Table. Voted in y e Affirmative. " 

Earlier in this ancient volume we read — "6 of January 1679, 
Henery Leadbetter Executor to y e Estate of Tho. Lake deliuer- 
ed two siluer Cups or small beakers w eb was giuen by Tho. Lake 
vnto y e Church. 

" Also M rs Thecher of Boston gaue y e Church formerly a Siluer 
Cup with two ears. 

Also y e Widdow Clements of Boston gaue another siluer Cup to 
y e Church y c 17 Nouem 1678." 

It is a singular coincidence th:it the First Church in Dorchester 
voted Dec. 17, 1877, to give to the Second Church in that town, 
now the Rev. E. X. Packard's, then the Rev. J. H. Means, pastor, 
two silver cups, as a token of good fellowship. The cups presented 
were, one, the gift to the First Church of "M. T.," doubtless Mrs. 
Margaret Thacher, wife of the Rev. Thomas Thacher, first minister 
of the Old South Church in Boston, who died in October, 1678, 
the other that of Mrs. Elizabeth Clement, widow of Augustine Cle- 
ment, of Dorchester and Boston. 

Mrs. Thacher was the only child of Henry Webb, a wealthy mer- 
chant of Boston. She was born in Salisbury, Wilts, and baptized 
there, Sept. 25, 1625. She married, in 1642, Jacob Sheafe, who 
"seems," says Savage, "to have had the largest estate of any that 
had hitherto died at Boston." Widow Margaret Sheafe became subse- 
quently, as before stated, the second wife of the Rev. Thomas 
Thacher. The name of Margaret Thacher, with that of twenty-five 
other females, members of the First Church in Boston, desirous of 
joining the Third or Old South Church, may be found appended to 



260 Early Matters relating to Dorchester. [July, 

an earnest appeal in behalf of their religious rights, dated August 
27, 1674. The council decided in favor of the petitioners. See a 
fac-simile of the names in " An Historical Catalogue of the Old 
South Churchy Boston ," facing page 246. 

On the 4th of January, 1882, the Dorchester First Church voted 
one cup each to other societies in the town, namely, to the Third 
Church, Rev. George M. Bodge, pastor; Harrison Square Church, 
Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee; Xeponset, Rev. Charles B. Elder. The 
original donors of these cups to the First Church were in the fol- 
lowing order. Mrs. Justin Patten, widow of Nathaniel Patten, 
will made Jan. 2, 1673, proved Feb. 3, 1675, gives "To the 
Church of Dorchester, five pounds to be Layd out in a peece of 
plate for the service of the Lord's table " (Third Church) . Ebenezer 
Mawdsley, 1744, will made March 8, 1739-40, proved Sept. 27, 
1740, gives "to the Church in Dorchester Twenty pounds, to the 
Rev d Pastor [Rev. Jonathan Bowman] five pounds, to the Church in 
Stoughton, Twenty pounds " (Harrison Square). Ebenezer Well- 
ington, probably the donor of 1721, before mentioned (Xeponset). 

John Buhge. 

We give a few more items relating to his family. The second 
wife of John Burge was the widow of Isaac Learned, who was the 
son of Vv r illiain of Charlestown, according to Savage. Mr. Learned 
married Mary Stearns, of Watertown. He settled first in Woburn. 
In 1652, he sold his house and lands to Bartholomew Pierson, of 
Watertown, and moved to Chelmsford, where he was a selectman. 
He died Nov. 27, 1657. Mary, his widow, married, says Dr. 
Bond, June 9, 1662, John Burge, late of Weymouth. She died 
Jan. 8, 1663. It would appear that Mr. Burge next married widow 
Griseli Gurney, he being her fourth husband, she having been pre- 
viously wedded to Thomas Jewell and Humphrey Griggs, both of 
Braintree, and a Mr. Gurney, whose christian name and residence 
we have not ascertained. "' Grisol wife of Jn° Burge died July 9, 
1669," in Chelmsford. In June, 1676, Burge married Jane, widow 
of John Gornell, of Dorchester. She died, as before mentioned, 
April 4, 1678, and he died on the 22d of October following. 
(Register, xvi. 79.) The will of John Burge, of Chelmsford, on 
file at the Suffolk Probate office, but not on record, bears date, June 
1, 1671. He bequeaths twenty shillings apiece to the six children 
of Isaac Lerned, namely, Mary Barron [wife of Moses Barron], 
Hannah Farwell [wife of Joseph Farwell], William Lerned, Sarah 
Lerned, Isaac Lerned, Benony Lerned, on condition that he be ac- 
quitted from the four [sic] pounds that was claimed in their behalf by 
the grandmother of the children, probably widow Mary Stearns. 
Upon further consideration and at the grandmother's request, Mr. 
Burge, in a codicil, gives the six pounds to four of the children of 
te name of Lerned, viz. William, Sarah, Isaac and 



S, 



1886.] Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. 261 

Benony, "becaus that Mary & hanna," who were married, the latter 
Dec. 25, 1666, "had somthing given before." The rest of hi* es- 
tate John Burge gives to his '' too suns," Samuel Burge and John 
Burge. To Samuel, the eldest, a double portion, being land at 
Stony brook, with all the accommodations, and his horse. To his 
"youngist sun John," his house and land in the town of Chelmsford, 
with t\\a accommodations thereunto belonging. The residue of his 
stock, after the debts and legacies are paid, to be divided between 
sons Samuel and John ; the former to be his executor. This will 
was proved in court, at Boston, Xov. 4, 1670, the two witnesses, 
Hannah Thacher and Samuel Sterhes, testifvin^. It would seem 
that John, senior, had four wives, the first one being the mother of 
his sons Samuel and John. 

John Burge w T as one of the proprietors of land in Chelmsford ; 
had six acres in possession, 12. 1st month, 1666. Allen's Chelms- 
ford, page 169. May 4, 1674, he conveyed to Thomas Hinchman, a 
house and upwards of 22 acres of land in Chelmsford, situated partly 
upon Beaver brook. His son, John Burge, who married Triall 
Thayer, of Braintree, left two sons, John and Samuel. Inventory 
of his estate rendered March 8, 1705-6. John, the third, had wife ^ 

Sarah. Will proved, Oct. 2<o, 1761, mentions son3 Josiah and 
David, and daughters Sarah Blanchard, Lydia Taylor, Esther 
Burge, Elizabeth Burge, Lucy Burge. In 1718, John Burge con- 
tributed ten shillings towards building the first school-house in 
Chelmsford, says Allen. Among the children of Josiah Burge, 
above, who settled in Westford, was a daughter Susanna, who mar- 
ried Reuben Kidder in 1754. They were the grandparents of the 
late Frederic Kidder, of Melrose, author of various historical works. 

Dr. John G. Metcalf, of Mendon, Mass., in 1868, contributed 
an article to the Register, xxiii. 43-46, entitled "Grisell Gurney," 
in which is noted the connection of Grisell with John Burge and 
others. 



SOME DOUBTS COXCERXIXG THE SEARS PEDIGREE. 

By Samuel Pearce May, Esq., of Newton, Mass. 

SOME years since, at the earnest solicitation of members of the 
family, I undertook the task of revising the P ' Sears Genealogy " 
and bringing it down to date. I did so in the belief, common to 
the family and public generally, that the English ancestry of Rich- 
ard Sares, of Yarmouth, as published, was entirely reliable, and 
that little more was to be learned on that head. 

Soon after commencing my labors, my attention was drawn to 
discrepancies in the pedigree, seemingly irreconcilable, and an in- 
vestigation was found necessary. The result of my researches proves 



262 Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. [July, 

beyond question that not one step of the pedigree can be substanti- 
ated by records, and on the contrary some portions are impossible, 
and others in conflict with known authorities. 

I have been desired to give the facts publicity, in order that the 
pedigree may no longer be copied, and quoted as authority, as 
has been done in numerous local histories and family genealogies, 
and in the hope that, attention being drawn to the subject, re- 
newed searches may discover the true origin of Richard Sares 
of Yarmouth. Want of space forbids my alluding to many errors, 
and I will therefore only refer to those most vital to the pedigree, 
as printed in "Pictures of the Olden Time," etc., ed. 1857, Crosby, 
Nichols & Co., Boston. 

Part II. 

P. 10. " John Sayer of Colchester, Alderman, etc. d. 1509, leaving 
by Elizabeth his wife, three sons, viz. Jon.v, Robert and George. 

" The eldest of these, John, d. in 15 G2, leaving two sons, viz. Richard 
and George. 

"The eldest of these, Richard, is the subject of the first of the sketches 
in 'Pictures of the Olden Time.' lie was bom in Colchester in 1508, 
married Anne Bourchier, dau. of Edm fl Knyvet of Ashwellthorpe, co. ^ 

Norf., second son of Sir Edw d Knyvet, Richard became a fugitive 

to Holland in 1537, and d. Amsterdam, 1540. . . , . His wife, the Lady 
Anne, clung faithfully to her husbaud in his adversity, and incurred the 
lasting displeasure of the Knyvets. 

r " It is inferred that her father became so bitterly estranged from her, as 
to erase her name from all his family records, that she might be forgotten 
for ever, for he gave to a younger daughter the name of Anne, while she 
was yet living, 

" George Sayer, in consequence of Richard's flight, secured for himself 
possession of the patrimonial inheritance. 

"This George d. 1577 His descendant and eventual heires3 

married Sir John Marsham." 

Note. The Registers of St. Peter's Church, of which John Sayer and his de- 
scendants in Colchester were parishioners, commence in 1653, more than one hun- 
dred years after the alleged flight of Richard Sayer to Holland ; and of course con- 
tain no reference to the family previous to that date. The brass to John Sayer, 
Aid. represents him kneeling with his wife, four sons and a daughter, and gives 
the name of his wife, but not those of his children. The Heralds' Visitations of 
Essex do not mention the Sayer family previous to that of 1612, which gives, 
" George Sayer, of Col. in co. "Ess., gentle, sonne & heire, & John Sayer of Col. 2 d 
sonne,' : as children of " Sayer of Col. in Essex, Gent." 

George and John married sisters, co-heiresses of Wesden; and their children 
quartered their mother's arms, which perhaps led Morant to err in his History of 
Colchester, where he makes George the father to John's children. 

If we may believe the Heralds, Geurge Sayer was the eldest son and rightful 
heir; — that his brother John was a second son, is confirmed by his brass in St. 
Peters, which is differenced with a crescent. A special, but not exhaustive, search 
in London, by Mr. H. F. Waters, resulted in fiuding many Sayer wills, but none cer- 
tainly identified with the Colchester family, except that of the above-named George 
Sayer, ob. 1577. He mentions his children and grandchildren, brother Robert's 
children, and nephew Richard Say... TLa letter, son of John Sayer, died 1610, xt. 
80, leaving an heiress. 

!<■ 'vlii be oh«erved that the parentage of George Sayer is not given in the Visita- 
*" ,n , and John was his brother, not his father. 



188G.] Some Doubts concerning the Scars Pedigree. 2G3 

There wa? perhaps one generation between them and John Sayer, Aid. 

The middle names of Bourchier, given to Anne Bourchier Ivnyvet, and later to 
John Bourchier Sayer, father and Bon, are clearly anachronisms, as is also that of 
Ann Knyvet Sayer, and tend to discredit the pedigree. ' Rev. Aug. Jessop, D.D., 
of East Dereham, Norfolk, bos for years made the history and genealogy of the 
Knyvet family an especial study. 1 am informed by him that Edmund Knyvet had 
four married daughters, but none named Anne, much less two of that name ; that 
he died insolvent, and in his will mentions none of his children by name. If there 
was an Anne, she does not seem to have been treated differently from her sisters. 

P. 12. "John Bourchier Sayer was born, say the family papers, in 
1528. 

" I suspect, however, that this is a mistake, and .that the date is too early, 
for it would make his father but little more than 19 years of age at his 
marriage 

" Another date has it in 1535 

" He m d Eliz h , dau. of Sir John Hawkins, . . . ., and d. Holland, leaving 
by Eliz h , his wife, four sons, viz : John Bourciiiei?, Henry, William and 
Richard. Of the last three we have no facts, except that they were born 
in Plymouth, Sag*, and that they settled in Kent. Plymouth was proba- 
bly the temporary residence of their mother, while their father was with 
Hawkins as a navigator. Of John Bourchier I have given some account in 
the ' Pictures.' The date of his birth is given in the family papers as 15G1. 

" I have put it a little later for several reasons. He m d Marie L. dau. v^ 

of Philip Lamoral van Egmond, and acquired with her a large fortune, prin- 
cipally in money." 

Note. Mr. Sears's ideas in regard to dates,"so important in a genealogy, are very 
elastic. The biographies generally state that Sir John Hawkins was born 1520, 
but they are in error. He died Nov. 12, 1595, and his widow erected a monument 
to his memory in St. Dun?tans-in-the-East, London (of which he was parishioner 
some thirty years), with a Latin inscription, setting forth his forty-three years of 
service by sea and land ; and a wooden mural tablet with English verses, printed 
in Stow's London, ed. Strype, 1720, Vol. I. Book ii. pp. 41, 5. It ends thus : 
" Ending his life with his experience. 
By deep decree of God's high Providence, 
His years to six times ten, & three amounting. 
The ninth, the seventh ciimacterick by counting. 
Dame Katherine, his first religious wife, 
Saw years, thrice ten, & two of mortal life." 

We see. therefore, that he was but 63 years of age in 1595, and so born about 
1532, and this is confirmed by reckoning his " 43 years of service " back from 1595, 
which brings us to 1552, when he would have been about 21, also by the fact that 
he was admitted freeman of Plymouth in J555-6, a step altogether necessary at that 
period to a man in his position, and one that would not have been unnecessarily 
delayed after he attained his majority. _ 

He removed to London in 1573, and succeeded his father-in-law, Gunson, as 
Treasurer of the Navy. His wife was then living, and as she died at the age of 
32, she could not have been born earlier than 1541. 

John Bourchier Sayer, Jr., is said to have been born in 1501. At that time John 
Hawkins was 29, and his wife 20 years of age. Neither could have had a daughter 
of marriageable age at that date. 

These dates are confirmed by R. N. Worth, F.G.S., author of " History of Ply- 
mouth :> and "History of Devon,'' and of an address on "Sir John Hawkins, 
Sailor, Statesman and Hero, 7 ' reprinted from Trans. Dev.jn A-s'n, 1883. 

The Registers of St. Andrews Church. Plymouth^ to which parish the Haw- 
kinses belonged, commence in 1573, in which year John Hawkins removed to Lon- 
don, and no record of him or the cavers is to be found there. 

*-•• Lo **r tfVlage with .Marie L." van Egmond. The late Mr. S. Alofsen, of 

Jciriey City (a well-known and esteemed antiquarian} . addressed to the late S. G. 
Drake, then Editor of the Register, a letter which la on file. In it he states that 



264 Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. [July, 

the Esmond family never had a residence in Amsterdam, and that the family gen- 
ealogy has been brought dawn to the latter part of the last century and printed : — 
that it contains the name of but one Philip v. Egmond, viz., the son of Count Es- 
mond, and that if John BourchieT Saver did marry one of the family, his wife must 
have been of an obscure and unknown branch ; — a fact somewhat inconsistent with 
the " large fortune,'' even in money, which she is said to have brought her hus- 
band. 

P. 13. "John* Bourchiek Sayer, m d Marie L. van Eguiond, Amster- 
dam, 1585, and had Marie L. b. 1587, Richard 1590, John 1592, and 
Jane Knyvet 1596. 

" These dates are copied from the family papers of the Searses of Chat- 
ham, and I think they are correct. Such a series depending upon each other 
would not be all wrong. Johu Bourchier Sayer purchased with his wife's 
fortune, property in England, adjoining the lauds which he hoped soon to 
recover. 

" Among the estates thus bought were Bourchier and Little Fordham 
Manors, both of which had in former times belonged to his ancestors." 

Note, in the parlor of Richard Sears, of Chatham, there formerly hung a chart 
pedigree of the family, now in possession of a descendant. 

This chart states that Richard Saves was born Amsterdam, 1013, twenty-three 
years later than the printed account, and much more likely to be the correct date. 

Morant and Wright, in their histories of Essex, state that B.mrchier Hail, or Lit- 
tle Fordham, derives its name from its ancient owners, the Earls of Essex. Sir 
Robert Bourchier died possessed of B mrchier's Hall in 1328, and it remained in 
the family until confiscated. — Queen Elizabeth regrarited it to William, Marquis of 
Northampton, who sold it to George Sayer in 1574. It continued in his descend- 
ants, finally passing to the Mars ham family by marriage, fell into decay, was divid- 
ed and sold. A part is now used as a farmhouse. I tind no record that it ever 
before belonged to the S lyers. 

P. 14. Here Mr. Sears prints his only piece of documentary evidence, 
viz., a letter from J. Ilawes, Yarmouth, June 20, 1798, to Daniel Sears, of 
Chatham, in which he signs himself, 

" Your affectionate relative, and friend J. Hawes." 

In it Mr. Hawes refers to sundry "curious and important documents," 
.... "I have heard from your brother Richard, that Knyvet Sares, or 
Sears, before he went to Loudon, and some years before his death, collect- 
ed and arranged these valuable papers with the intention of using them. 
They had long remained neglected and uncared for. 

'•Among them was a list of marriages, births and deaths, similar to that 
which I now send, and many original deeds and letters, with a long corres- 
pondence between the Sayres, the Knyvets. and others in England. 

ft It seemed to be closed by a letter from Johu Bourchier Sares, dated 
Leyden, 1C14. 

" Your brother always speaks highly of this letter A highly in- 
teresting manuscript was compiled from these papers, and came into pos- 
session of Daniel Sears, your father. 

" The original letters were taken to England, by Knyvet, and are pos- 
sibly still there in the hands of some of the family. The manuscript was 
last seen and read so late as 17 GO, — but neither the one nor the other are 
now to be found. It may be the originals are not lost, but the copy, your 
brother thinks, was either burnt, or carried away when the family mansion 

was nearly destroyed in 17Go I send such facts as I have been 

able to collect, assisted by Richard and M r Col man." 

Note. I have been unable to identify the writer of this letter, or ascertain his re- , 
lationship to the family. 



S 



1886.] Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. 2 Go 

The signature attracts attention by it-; variance from the universal custom of 
the period, of writing the name in full. The only marriage recorded between the 
Sears and Ilawes families is that of Jonathan Sears and Elizabeth, daughter of Dea. 
Joseph Hawes, of Yarmouth, in 1721. This Jonathan was second cousin, once 
removed, to Daniel Sears. 

I am aware that the Sears Genealogy says that Daniel Sears, of Chatham, mar- 
ried 1708, Sarah Ilawes, daughter ol J. Ilawes, of Yarmouth (another mysterious 
J.), and this error, for such it is, has been perpetuated on the Sears monuments in 
Chatham, Yarmouth and Colchester. On Yarmouth town record* the name is 
clearly written Howes, and the will of Samuel Howes, of Yarmouth, recorded Barn- 
stable Prob. Rec. iv. 90, mentions " daus. Sarah .Sears. &, Hope Sears," who mar- 
ried the brothers Daniel and Richard Sears, and '' Mercy Sears," who married 
their cousin, Josiah Scars. "J. Ilawes" the letter writer may stand for Dea. Joseph 
Hawes, the schoolmaster, who flourished in 1798, and lonir after. 

There is no record, or tradition, in Chatham, of the family mansion having been 
" nearly destroyed in 1763/' Benjamin Bangs, of Harwich, who chronicled in his 
diary more trivial events happening in Chatham at that time, makes no mention of 
the occurrence, and when the old building was taken down in 1S83, the original 
timbers were in place, with the bark-still on, and there was no trace of its ever pass- 
ing through the fiery ordeal. 

A tradition that Deborah Sears broke through the floor of " the long chamber/' 
■while dancing on her wedding night in 1712, was confirmed by a patch in the 
floor boards. And, we may ask, why should J. Hawes relate to Daniel Sears par- 
ticulars with which he should have been conversant from childhood, and when his 
brother Richard, living in the same town, could have given the information at first 
hands ? 

AVe admire the vivid recollection, after the lapse of thirty-eight years, of Rich- 
ard Sears, of the letters, etc., read last, when he was scarce eleven years of age. 

P. 16. "Johx Bourchier Sayer, d. 1629. By Marie L. Egmond, his 
wife, he left two sons, and two daughters, viz.: Richard, John, Marie and 
Jane. The three latter went to England and settled in Kent. ..... 

" Richard Sayer or Sears flis birth is variously given, but 

1590, we think, is the true date. He m d Dorothy Thacher, at Plymouth, 
in 1632. The likeness of him was taken from a painting in Holland, in 

possession of the P>gmont family, and is supposed to be correct He 

d. 1676, and his wife in 1680. By her he had the following children, viz.: 

Knyvet' Paul, Silas and Deborah Knyvet Sears was b. 1635. in d 

Eliz h Dymoke, .... went to England on a second voyage, and d. 1686, at 
the residence of his relative, Catherine (subsequently Baroness Berners), 
dau. of Sir John Knyvet, and wife of John Harris, Esq. 

"The evidences he carried with him were never recovered. He left two 
children, Daniel and Richard." 

Note. I have already alluded to the doubtful date assigned for Richard Sares's 
birth. The statement that he married Dorothy Thacher at Plymouth in 1632, 
?eeds confirmation. His name first appears there in the tax list of 25 March, 1633. 
There is no known record of the marriage, and no Dorothy is known to the Thacher 
genealogists. It is claimed that she was 6i'ster to Antony Thacher, and Richard 
Bares in his will calls him " bro. Thacher," and Antony's son. John, in an affida- 
vit, calls him '* Uncle Sares." 

Thomas Thacher, of Beckington, co. Somerset, in his will proved 1611, mentions 
"bro. Antony," and Clement Thacher of Marston Bigot, in his will dated 1629, 
and proved 1639, names "bro. Antony" and others. "Rev. Peter Thacher of Sa- 
rum made his will in 1610, and mentions " bro. Antony " and *' sister Ann, wife 
of Chris. Batts, and other relatives, among them his '* wife's sister Dorothy " (of 
whom 1 would much like to learn further; she is supposed to have been an All- 
wood). It would seem, if they had a sister Dorothy, one or the other would 
have remembered her. But it is more probable that Richard Sares (so he wrote 
his name) married Dorothy Batts, a sister of the above-named Christopher, who 
came over with her brother and his family, in " Be vis " from Southampton to 
Lynn, in 1638, she then being aged 20. 

VOL. XL. 24 



2G6 So7)ie Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. [July, 

The precise date of their arrival is not known, but it appears by an endorsement 
on Lord Treas. Warrant, that the vessel sailed before May 2, and they probably 
arrived in Jane, or even earlier. 

Richard Sares was then in Marblehead, as we learn from Salem tax list. 1 Jan. 
1037-8, and on 1-1 Oct. 1G38, he was granted three acres of land " where he had 
formerly planted." The connection of Dorothy Batts and Antony Thacher fully 
justified the terms of relationship quoted, — see a parallel case cited by the Lire Col. 
J. L. Chester, in Register, xxi. 3^5. The same cause perhaps influenced Richard 
Sares to remove to Yarmouth in 1G3D, with the party led by Antony Thaeht-r. In a 
note to first edition of the " Pictures," the portrait of Richard " The Piterim," 
is said to be from the Egmont gallery iu Amsterdam, which more definitely lo- 
cates it. 

There formerly hung in the west parlor of Squire Richard Sears of Chatham, a 
painting which Mrs. Sears was wont to call " Sir Richard," supposed by s :r.e per- 
sons to have been the original. This is an error. It was given after the Squire's 
death to his widow, by his nephew, and is a copy. It doubtless originally repre- 
sented one of the family, judging from the resemblance to some of them, but who, 
and when, and where painted, is a mystery. 

It is evident Rev. E. H Sears did not know of Richard Sares's will recorded in 
Plymouth, or he would not have written that he had an eldest son Knyvet. born 
1635, died 16S6. In his will dated 10. 3 mo. 1C6T, Richard Sares names " my elder 
son Paule Sares," and in the codicil dated 3 Feb. 1676, he again mentions *' my 
eldest son Paule Sares." Paul made oath to the inventory, 15 Nov. 1676, before John 
Freeman, Assistant, who calls him " Paule Sares eldest son of Richard Sares de- 
ceased." John Freeman lived near by, and must have known the whole family. 

There is no allusion to Knyvet in the will, although he is said to have been alive 
twenty years after the will, and ten years after the codicil were written : nor is there 
any reference to estates in England. Neither the name of Knyvet Sares, or Eliza- 
beth Dymoke his wife, is to be found in colony, town, court or church records, nor 
is there any gravestone to either ; — no record of administration upon the esiate of 
either, or appointment of guardian to their infant children. 

Richard Sares never had a son Knyvet. The name was unknown, on the Cape 
until the publication of the kt Pictures," and has never been adopted as a family 
name, except by the Chatham branch in one instance, and then for a tenth child. 

Although " the papers taken to England by Knyvet were never recovered," and 
the copies in Chatham were " lost, or destroyed," a tablet was erected in 1553 to 
his memory in Colchester, which states that it was " Inscribed by Catherine Har- 
ris in 1687 " ! 

P. 19. "Paul Sears, b. 1637. He inherited most of his father's 
property 

' k He adopted the children of his bro. Knyvet after the death of their 
father in England, and they were brought up in his family. 

" His will is on Old Colony records, in which his brother's children are 

named as his own sons The names of his sons were, Samuel, Paul 

and John." 

Note. Paul Sears died Feb. 20, 1707.8, in his 70th year, according to his gr. i 
stone in Yarmouth Cemetery, and was therefore born not earlier than 1636. His 
will is recorded in Barnstable, not in Old Colony records. The names of his child- 
ren on Yarmouth records have been obliterated, but the dates of birth of seven 
remain. From other sources we have been enabled to learn the names of Eve sons 
and four daughters, leaving one daughter unnamed. His last two children were 
his sons, Richard, born 1680, and Daniel, born 1682. In the Sears Ge-ealogy 
these names are reversed, Richard, being said to be the youngest, and born 1 r? ~ -J . 

Their grave-stones in Chatham prove the contrary. In his will Paul Sears gives 
his real estate to his sons Samuel, Paul and John, charged with a payment to their 
44 brothers," Richard and Daniel, towards their purchase of land in Monam v. We 
may feel sure that they were the sons, and nut adopted sons merely of Paul." 

To mm up briefly : the " English pedigree " cannot be proved; — it is doubtful if 
Ulcuijird Sares was ever in Holland, or that his wife was a Thacher ;— -he c-iver had 
a son Knyvet, — and Richard and Daniel Sears, of Chatham, were younger sons of 
Paul, and not " Head of the American Family." 



"\ 



1886.] Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. 2G7 

The claim to estates in England is purely mythical. The " family papers," if 
still in existence, are not now accessible to inquirers. 

For the benefit of future investigators, I will note the genesis of the Pedigree, 
etc., so far as seems desirable. 

About the year 1845, the late Mr. H. G. Somerby was employed 
to collect data regarding the Sears family in England, and a pamph- 
let was issued, entitled "Notices of the Sears Family, from Sir Ber- 
nard Burke's Works, and Somerby's Collections in England, etc." 
The manuscript of his collection is in the library of the Mass. Hist. 
Society, Boston. It consists of a mass of extracts from local his- 
tories, <fec, showing no connection with the American family, and 
of "Extracts from parish registers, and family papers in possession 
of Hon. David Sears, Boston." 

It is evident Mr. Somerby found nothing to connect the English 
and American families, or he would have given the data in full, with 
authorities, as he has done in other genealogies. In conversa- 
tion with a well-known Boston gentleman, he gave him clearly to 
understand that he did not assume responsibility for many of the 
statements in the pedigree. In 1852, Sir Bernard Burke published 
the first volume of " Visitations of Seats and Arms," which contains 
at p. 52 of Part II. an amplified account of the family, claiming that 
by right of primogeniture the Chatham branch is the "Head of the 
American Sears Family." This was followed in 1863, in third 
series of " Vicissitudes of Families," by a sketch entitled " A Pilgrim 
Father." Burke now repudiates the articles, and they are left out of 
later editions. 

In 1884, he wrote me that he received the material from Mr. 
Somerby, but had since made investigation and found " that the de- 
tails were not only not proven, but also incapable of proof, if not 
altogether wrong, and opposed to fact." 

In 1857, Rev. E. H. Sears published "Pictures of the Olden 
Time," to which was added in a later edition a Genealogy of the 
family. In his preface he states that he derived his facts mainly 
from Burke's " Visitations of Seats and Arms," and from " family 
papers." But few copies were distributed. 

In the letter of J. Hawes, before quoted, he says he has been 
"assisted in his collections by M r Colman and Richard." This is 
confirmed by a manuscript in handwriting of Hon. David Sears, of 
Boston, dated Feb. 10, 1845, in possession of Gen. C. W. Sears, 
of Oxford, Miss., entitled "Memoranda of the Sears, from Minutes 
collected by J. Hawes and William Colman to 1800, — and contin- 
ued by Richard Sears of Chatham to 1840," "Copied from the 
original in possession of M" Richard Sears of Chatham." It is full 
of important errors, and varies from the records and from the pub- 
lished genealogy. 

We cannot fix the share of either of the trio in the production of 



26S Some Doubts concerning the Sears Pedigree. [July, 

these w minutes," but one fact will show how little " Squire Rich- 
ard " could have known of them. In this document his mother, Fear 
Freeman, is said to have been the daughter of John Freeman, of 
Sandwich, and the printed genealogy makes a similar statement. 
She was in fact the daughter of Benjamin Freeman of Harwich, by 
his wife Temperance Dimmick, as shown by his will recorded in 
Barnstable. 

Richard Sears was 9 years old when his gr. -father died, and 24 
when his gr. -mot her died. They lived in adjoining towns, and it 
is absurd to suppose that he did not know his grandparents' names 
and residence, or that such a gross error could have escaped his 
notice. 

Mr. Colman was his brother-in-law, and resided in Boston ; his 
part in the matter is not evident. Of J. Hawes I have already 
written. If we accept his letter as evidence, then the story is appa- 
rently traced back to Daniel Sears who died Chatham, 1761, a. 49. 

It appears by records of Probate Court in Barnstable, Feb. 10, 
1758, that "upon inquisition of the Selectmen of Chatham," Daniel 
Sears was adjudged non comjyos, and his wife Fear was appointed 
his guardian. 

Swift's "History of Old Yarmouth," published 1885, states that 
"the marriage of Richard Sears and Dorothy Thacher, and the birth 
of Kny vet Sears, are recorded in a bible left by Richard Sears of 
Chatham, kept in the family for several generations." I have been 
unable to hear of any person who has seen this bible. An inquiry 
addressed three years since to a descendant of Squire Richard, was 
the cause of letters to all her " Uncles, Aunts and Cousins," who 
one and all replied, "they had never seen or before heard of such 
a bible." They would be grateful for any hint of its whereabouts. 

In conclusion : — it is possible there may have been some ancient 
alliances of the Saver, Knvvet and Hawkins families, and the family 
genealogist may have erred in placing " the flesh on the wrong 
bones." 

About 1500, one Edmund Kny vet died at Stan way, the next par- 
ish to Colchester, leaving his second sister, Lady Thomasine Clop- 
ton, his heir ; and about the same time a family of Hawkinses were 
settled at Braintree, some twenty miles distant, of which one John 
Hawkins, a wealthy clothier, bought estates in Colchester, and set- 
tled at Alresford Hall, hard by, circa 1G00. 

There was more than one family of Hawkins in Plymouth, and 
another John was made a freeman there the same year as the famous 
Admiral. Somerby does not notice these families, and they were 
apparently unknown to him. 

44 Magna est Veritas, et prevalent/* 



1886.] JVew England Gleanings, 2G9 



NEW ENGLAND GLEANINGS. 

[Continued from page 66.] 

XIV. 

THE following summary of the genealogical matter in Lechfor d's 
Note Book, which identifies the English homes of early settlers 
in this country, is taken from the Nation (New York, March 4, 
1886) ; and with a few additional items found in the Note-Book 
and inserted by the writer, is offered as appropriate for publication 
among the "New England Gleanings " of the Register. The dates 
of the entries are omitted, but they are all between the years 1638 
and 1641. . 

George K. Clarke. 

1. Augustin Clement of Dorchester, N. E., leased land in Wockingham, 
co. Berks, to John Tinker of Boston. Mentions sisters Margaret Mathew 
and Anne Clement, the latter of Shenfield, also brother John deceased. 

2. John Hood of Cambridge, N. E., leases land in Halsted, co. Essex, 
to William Dineley of Boston. Mentions father-in-law, Thomas Beard. 
Mother Anne. 

3. Samson Shotton of Mfc Wollaston, N. E., son of Thomas S. of Crop- 
ston, co. Leicester, mentions brother Anthony S. 

4. The will of John Newgate of Bostou, N. E., mentions land in Hor- 
ningerth, co. Suffolk. 

5. William Wilson of Boston, N. E., sells land in Dunnington, co. Lin- 
coln. Brother Thomas Wilson, father William. 

6. Katherine Coytmore of Charlestown, N. E., states that her husband 
was Thomas Grey of Harwich, co. Essex, and her daughters were Parnell, 
wife of Increase Nowell of Charlestown ; Katherine, wife of Thomas 

Graves of Wapping ; and Susanna, widow of Eaglesfield. She was 

daughter of Robert Myles of Sutton, co. Suffolk. 

7. Rev. John Cotton of Boston, N. E., makes Robert Brown of Poyn- 
ton or Horbling, co. Lincoln, his attorney. 

8. Ralph Sprague of Charlestown, N. E., some time of Fordington, co. 
Dorset, and wife Joan, daughter of Richard Warren of said F., make Wil- 
liam Derby of Dorchester, co. Dorset, their attorney. Sister Alice Eames. 

9. John Graves of Roxbury, N. E., makes Robert Wood of Harlow and 
Nicholas Campe of Nasing, co. Essex, attorneys to receive rents from his 
sister, the widow Lydia Ford of Nasing. 

10. Elizabeth and Mary Woolcott, daughters of John W. of Glaston, co. 
Somerset, and late of Watertown, in N. E., appoint their uncles, Richard 
Vayle and Christopher Atkins of said G., attorneys. [Note in margin, 
write to Henry Woolcott of Windsor in N. E., and Edward W. of Ax- 
bridge, co. Somerset.] 

11. James Cade of Northam, co. Devon, now of Boston in N. E., had 
father Christopher C, brother John, and sister Thomasiae, wife of John 
Roe of Abbotsham, co. Devon. 

VOL. XL. 21* 



270 2?tio England Gleanings* [July, 

12. Henry Grey of Boston had a brother who was a citizen of London. 

13. Matthew Allyn of Connecticut sold land to Thomas Allyn of Barn- 
stable, co. Devon. 

14. Osmond Douch of Bridport, co. Dorset, had wife Grace and son 
Robert. He was afterwards of Gloucester in N. E. 

15. Thomas Purches of Pagiscott in N. E. makes Daniel Adams, roper 
and citizen of Bristol, his attorney. 

16. Edmund Brown and wife Anna, late widow of John Loverun of 
Watertown in N. E., appoint attorneys to collect her dower in lands in 
Ardley, co. Essex, or Aldham, co. Suffolk, in possession of William or 
George Loverun. 

17. William Cole, late of Sutton in Chewmagna, co. Somerset, and Eliz- 
abeth his wife, a daughter of Francis Doughty of the city of Bristol, make 
brother John Cole of Farringtou, co. Somerset, their attorney. 

- 18. Thomas Foster of Boston, caunonier at the Castle, makes Richard 
Foster of Ipswich, his brother and others, attorneys to receive his legacy 
under will of father Thomas Foster, minister. His wife was Abigail, 
daughter of Matthew Wimes of Ipswich, co. Suffolk. 

19. John lies of Dorchester in N. E. owed £28 to Adam Hurden of 
Barnstable, co. Devon. 

20. Joseph Hills of Charlestown states that he came in the Susan and 
Ellen, and that in that vessel were goods of Joseph Loomis, late of Brayn- 
tree, co. Essex. 

21. Thomas Rucke of Charlestown makes Thomas Rucke of London 
and Thomas Plum of Maiden, co. Essex, his attorneys to collect debts. 

22. Edmund Hubbard of Hingham in N. E married Sarah, widow of 
Rev. John Lyford, who had children Rev. Obadiah and Mordecai L. The 
last-named made Hubbard his guardian, who appointed William Bladen, 
Alderman of Dublin, and John Fisher of the same place, attorneys to sell 
a lease at Leballeglish, co. Ardmagh. Elsewhere Lyford is called the min- 
ister at Levelegkish near Laughgaid, co. Ardmagh. Mentions land in co. 
Tyrone. 

22 1 . Gabriel Fish of Exeter in N. E., appoints- an attorney to receive 
money due him from James Carrington of Thorsthorp, co. Lincolne. 

23. John Cogan of Boston in N. E. makes Isaac Northcot of Hunniton, 
co. Devon, his attorney to receive any legacy under the will of his mother, 
Elianor Cogan of Tiverton, co. Devon, widow, deceased. 

24. John Cogan appoints his friend John Stoning, citizen and haber- 
dasher of London, to sue one John Harrison, late of Boston in N. E., for 
£26 he owes said Cogan. 

25. John Faber of London, cooper, sells to Christopher Stanley of Bos- 
ton in N. E. his house there. 

26. John Cogan of Boston appoints Nicholas Carwithye, citizen and 
grocer of Exeter, his attorney to collect of the executors of Ignatius Jor- 
dan, of said Exeter, £66 due him by bond, and also all legacies from L J. 
to C. or his wife or children. ' m 

27. Anne Coleman of Watertown in N. E., spinster, aged 16, and Sam- 
uel Hosier of the same, her guardian, appoint Jeffrey Coleman of Colches- 
ter, co. Essex, and James Wade of the same, attorneys to receive a legacy 
for her under the will of her father, William Coleman of said Colchester. 

28. Francis Godsome of Lynn in N. E. is to sell his house to John Ful- 
ler of Boston, if Edward Fuller of Oluey, co. Bucks, pays £60 unto said 
F. G. 



1886.] JVeto England Gleanings. 271 

29. John Crabtree of Boston, joyner, takes as apprentice Solomon, son 
of John Greene of Hadley, co. Suffolk. Mary Greene, sister of Solomon, 
was to be taken by William Hudson, the younger, fisherman. Elizabeth 
Leger, mother of Solomon Greene, was to pay Crabtree annually £5.10, 
and the boy was to get £20 at the end of his apprenticeship. 

30. Edward Wood assigns his apprentice Thomas, son of Henry Cooper 
of Little Bowden, co. Northampton, to Leonard Buttolpe, of Boston in N» E. 

31. Thomas May hew of Watertown in N. E. and Jane his wife, widow 
of Thomas Payne of London, as guardian of Thomas Payne, aged seven 
years, appoint Richard Payne of Abingdon, co. Berks, and others, attor- 
neys to lease lands in Whittlebury, co. Northampton, descending to said 
child. 

32. David Offley of Boston and wife Elizabeth appoint Edward and 
Henry Woolcott, Richard Payne, and Christopher Atkins attorneys to sell 
their lands in Glaston. (See No. 10, ante.) 

32 1 . P^lizabeth Glover of Cambridge in N. E. receives money from ex- 
ecutors of late husband Josse Glover of London. 

33. Katherine Earwing, widow, of Dorchester, makes Anthony E. of 
London her attorney. 

34. Josiah Stanborough of Lynn in N. E. and wife Frances, one of 
seven daughters _of Henry Gransden of Tunbridge, co. Kent, appoint 
Richard Young of London their attorney to obtain their part of his lands. 

35. Michael Williamson and wife Anne make Anthony Stapley of 
Patcham, co. Sussex, their attorney to receive of Elizabeth Geere, widow, 
of Lewes, co. Sussex, executrix of Dennis Geere, late of Saugus, a legacy 
of £50 given to said Anne by the name of Anne Panckhurst. (See will 
of Dennis Geere, Keg.) 

36. Thomas Nichols of Hingham had a brother who was the executor 
of Walter Nichols of Coggshall, co. Essex. 

37. Joseph Cooke of Cambridge in N. E., son of Thomas Cooke of Great 
Yeldham, co. Essex, makes his brother Thomas C. of Wormingfold in 
Essex his attorney. 

38. William Sergeant of Charlestown in N. E. was formerly of North- 
ampton, hatter, and his wife Sarah was the widow of William Minshall of 
Whitchurch, co. Salop. 

39. Lt. Robert Feke of Watertown in N. E., gent., and William Palmer 
of Yarmouth and Judith his wife, and Tobias Feke, aged 17, sou and 
daughter of James Feke, late of London, goldsmith, deceased, make Tobias 
Dixon of London their attorney. 

40. Agreement between Edward Heale of Bristol and William Pester of 
Salem in N. E. 

41. Thomas Scudamore of Cambridge in N. E. was from Westerley, co. 
Gloucester. 

42. Edward Hall of Duxbury in N. E. was son of Francis Hall of Hen- 
borough,- co. Gloucester. 

43. Samuel Freeman of Watertown in N. E. was from Mawlyn, co. 
Kent, 

44. Thomas Matson of Braintree in N. E. and wife Anne draw for £20 
in favor of George Hussey of London, on his sister-in-law Mrs. Chambers 
of London, widow of Thomas C., citizen and clothworker of London, for 
part of their legacy. 

45. John Coltman of Wethersfield in N. E. was son of Thomas C. of 
Newton Harcoate in Weston, co. Leicester. 



272 2Tew England Gleanings. [July, 

46. Richard Betscorabe of Hingham in N. E., late of Bridport, co. Dor- 
set, in behalf of daughters Mary and Martha, appoints his brothers Andrew, 
Robert, and Christopher to receive two legacies given said daughters by 
Philip Strong of the Devizes, co. Wilts. 

47. Isaac Sterne of Watertowii in N. E., late of Stoke Nayland, co. Suf- 
folk, and wife Mary, daughter of John Barker of the same, appoint Tho- 
mas Gilson of Sudbury, co. SufT., to collect £5 of one Mannings of Gaynes 
Colne, co. Essex, due on a bond given by M. before his marriage with ^Mar- 
garet Barker, mother of said Mary. 

48. John Bent of Sudbury in N. E. was from Wayhill, co. Southamp- 
ton, and his brother-in-law was William Baker of New Sarum, co. Wilts. 

49. William Talmage of Boston in N. E. had brothers Robert and Tho- 
mas, and sister Jane, wife of Richard Walker ; they were children of Tho- 
mas T., who was the brother of John Talmage of Newton Stacey, co. 
Southampton. 

50. William Longley of Lynn in N. E., son of John L. of Frisby. co. 
Lincoln, makes Thomas Meeke of Waynflete St. Mary, co. Line, his 
attorney. 

51. John Mayo of Towne Marroling, co. Kent, deceased, had by wife 
Rebecca, son Thomas (who had died leaving a son John and a widow Eiiz- 
beth remarried to Robert Gamlyn of Roxbury in N. E.), daughters Mary 
of Dorchester, N. E., and Frances, wife of Steven England of Sandwich, 
co. Kent. 

52. John and Daniel Prior of Scituate in N. E. were sons of John P. 
late of Watford, co. Hertford. 

53. Abraham Harding of Boston in N. E. was son of John H., late of 
Boram, co. Essex, whose widow was Agnes Greene of Tarling, co. Es-?ex. 

54. John Floyd of London and wife Anne had put their son Thomas in 
charge of Arthur Howland of Duxbury in N. E. 

5b. Thomas Odingsell of Salem draws a bill on his father, John O.. of 
Epperston, co. Notts., or brother John O. at Mr. Mansfield's on Lud^ate 
Hill. 

56. William Pester of Salem draws a bill on his uncle William P. in 
Thames St., London. 

57. Ralph Sprague of Charlestown N. E., and wife Joan, appoint John 
Holland of Tinnckieton, co. Dorset, to receive of John and Elizabeth Cox 
of Bowlington a legacy from Richard Warren to said Joan and her six 
children. 

58. William Rix of Boston, N. E., was one of the sons of Robert R. of 
Kenninghall, co. Norfolk, His sister was Elizabeth Waters of K., and he 
mentions also Henry Rix of Pagrave, co. Suffolk. 

59. Thomas Grubb of Boston, N. E., was son-in-law of Jeffrey Salter of 
King's Lynn, co. Norfolk. 

60. Benjamin and Nathaniel Bosworth draw bills on Joseph B. of Cov- 
entry, co. Warwick. 

61. John Clerk of Newbury in N. E., late citizen and chirurgeon of Lon- 
don, was one of the executors of widow Anne Ward, of Stratford, co. Snff. 

62. Owen Williams,- son of Mark W. of St. John's parish, co. Cardiff, 
apprentices himself to William Withington of Portsmouth in N. E. 

63. Edward Bridges was second sou of E. B.,late of Raynham, co. v Som- 
erset, Esquire. 

64. Nathaniel Patten was late of Crewkerne, co. Somerset. 



1886.] JSfew England Gleanings. 273 

65. Edward Howell of Lynn, in N. E., gent, was late of Marsh Gibbon, 
co. Bucks. He had lands in Wottou Underwood, co. Bucks, and £100 in 
the hands of Richard Francis, of Marsh Gibbon. 

66. Henry Russell of Weymouth in N. E., deceased, left widow Jane 
and daughter Elizabeth. He was the son of Thomas R. of Chalfont, St. 
Giles, co. Bucks. 

67. Thomas Nichols of Hingham, N. E., makes John Cockerell of Cocks- 
hall his attorney to receive, of Geo. N., a legacy given him by his father 
Walter N. 

68. William James of Boston in N. E. was son of Albon James, citizen 
and mercer of London. He had an uncle George Strange, gent. 

69. John Bibble had a wife Sibyl at Shadwell in Stepney parish. 

70. Elizabeth Freestone of Boston in N. E., spinster, was late of Alford, 
co. Line. She was daughter of Richard F. of Horncastle, co. Line. Mary 
F. of Thimbleby, co. Line, was widow of her uncle Robert F., who was 
executor of her grandfather Robert F. Her father and sister Mary were 
dead. Her grandmother was Mary Cuthbert, whose executor was Nathan- 
iel C. of Warmington, co. Northampton. 

71. Samuel Haskell seems to be the grandson of George Cooke, inkeeper 
at the White Horse in Algate, who died 13 years since. 

72. Abraham Shaw of Dedham in N. E., deceased, was from Halifax, 
co. York, and left his eldest son Joseph S. and son-in-law Nicholas Biram, 
his executors. 

73. Anne Stratton of Salem, N. E., was widow of John S. of Sbotley, 
co. Suit, gent, whose brother Joseph S. was of Harwich, co. Essex, and now 
of James City in Virginia. She had a son William S. of Ardley, co. Es- 
sex, deceased, son John S. of Dedham, co. Essex, and daughters Elizabeth, 
wife of John Thorndike of Salem, and Dorothy. Her own mother was 
Mary Dearhaugh of Barringham, co. Suff. 

74. John Pollard was late of Belcham, co. Essex. 

75. Robert Hempenstall of Boston in N. E. was son of Thomas H. of 
Southold, co. Suff. 

76. George Crispe of Plymouth in N. E. had a brother Robert C. of 
Southwark, co. Surrey, an uncle George C. of Blackwall in Stibenheath, 
co. Mid., and land in the parish of Word, near Sandwich, co. Kent. 

77. George Denison of Roxbury in N. E. had wife Bridget, who was 
daughter of John Thompson late of Preston, co. Northamp., gent, and Mrs. 
Alice T. now of Roxbury. They claimed their legacy from Spencer Clarke, 
parson of Scaldwell parish, co. Northampton. 

78. Thomas Allen of Barnstable in N. E., had a brother, Richard A. of 
Branton, co. Essex, and father-in-law, John Marke of the same place. 

79. Samuel Nash of Weymouth in N. E. was from Burrough Green, 
co. Cambridge. 

80. John Bartoll of Marblehead, N. E., was son of John B. of Crew- 
kerne, co. Somerset. 

81. Robert Wing of Boston, N. E. had a cousin Wing of Lomford, 
dwelling in the Lady's place, by Dedham. 

We have thus gleaned the major part of the items, omitting such as re- 
late to the Winthrops, Hutchinsons, Saltonstalls. and other well-known col- 
onists. The book will be for years a source of information to genealogists, 
because in many cases these references will lead to a knowledge of other 
colonists. Our only regret is, that the record is so brief, and we wish that 
Lechford had stayed for a decade at least. 



274 Extracts from Parish Register of Ardeley. [July, 



EXTRACTS FROM THE PARISH REGISTER OF ARDELEY, 
CO. HERTFORD, ENGLAND. 

Communicated by George "W. Marshall, LL.D., F.S.A., of London, Eng. 

THE following extracts from the first Register of Ardeley (originally 
spelt Yardley) were made with the object of taking out every entry 
relating to the family of Sir Henry Chauncy, the Hertfordshire historian, 
who resided in that parish. At the same time I noted every other entry 
relating to persons whose rauk appeared to me above that of the common 
people, of the families of the incumbents of the parish, and of some persons 
non-resident whose record might not be sought for in an out-of-the-way 
country parish. The Chauncy entries will I know be of interest to many 
readers of The Register, and amongst the others, names will be found 
which are not unknown or uncared for by its readers. This is I think the 
first time that the pages of The Register will contain extracts of a general 
character, from an English Parish Register. Such gleanings can hardly 
fail to be of use to some workers in the genealogical field in New England, 
and if one of them should perchance supply a missing link in the pedigree 
of any descendant of the persons recorded, my trouble will not have been 
in vain, and my labor will be amply rewarded. 

" Yardley Church booke of Christenings Weddings and burialls Collected & Writ- 
ten out by me Robert Tattersall* who was instituted Vicar ther the xxiij ri daie of 
Julye 1576, made and Written into Parchment accordinge to the provincial! Con- 
stitutiones houlden at London the fyue and twenty daie of October 1597." 
Contains. Baptisms 1546—1701. 
Marriages 1546 — 1701. 
Burials. 1546—1701. 

Baptisms. 

1546. Elizabeth Gailer dau. of George Gaiter, 25 July. 

1547. Jone Clynton dau. to Thomas, 11 June. 

1548. Margaret Shotbolte dau. of James, 29 April. 

1551. John Shotboulte, 7 June. 

1552. Symon Shotboulte, 25 Sept. 

1553. James Shotbolts daughter, 2 July. 

1562. Elizabeth Cheekedau. of John Cheeke vicar of Yardley, 3 Feb. 

1563. (1562 in margin) Thomas Shotboulte filius Thoma? Armig'ri, 17 May. 
1564-5. Marye Shotboulte dau. of Thomas Shotboulte, E.souier, 24 March. 

1570. Helen Downes aTs Stafford filia Gulielmi, 26 Dtc*'. 

1571. John Shotbolte sonn of John, 15 Oct. 

1572. Thomas Shotbolt sonn of James, 29 April. 

1573. Margaret Gurnay dau. of Will'in, gent., 5 April. 

1574. Frauncis Gurnay dau. of Will'm gent., 9 May. 
*' John Shotbolte sonn of James. 7 NoV. 

1575-6. Thomas Gurnay son of Will'm gent, 4 March. 

1576. Mary Tattersall dau. of Robert Tatters-all, f vicar of Yardley, born 17 & bapt 
24 June. 

• It appears from a note below that he was chaplain to the Earl of Essex, K. G. 
f John, son of same, born 25 and bapt. 28 June, 1579. 
Phillip, " " " 15 and " 17 Sept. 1/iSl. 

Robert, " " " 22 Sept. 1584. 

Leonard," •« " 22 and bapt. 21 Oct. 1385. 

Thomas, " " " 18 and bapL 20 June, 1590. 



1886.] Extracts from Parish Register of Ardeley. 275 

1577. Jane Chauncye dan. of George, gent. 19 Sept r . (Written in margin in a 

later hand " l ?t Wife June CornwelL") 

1578. George Gurnay sonn of Will'm gent, xi Sept r . 
44 Will'm Shotbolte sonn of James 15 Feb. 

1579. Marye Chauncye dau. of George, gent. 12 April. 

1580. Francis Chauncy dau. of George, gent. 24 July. 

11 Marye Shotbolte, dau. of James Shotbolte of Shefford, gent, 23 Oct r . 

" Elizabeth Shotbolte, dau. of Thomas of Mooregrene, 3 Nov r . 

44 Thomas Downes al's Stafford. 15 Jan'y. 
1581-2. Elizabeth Shotbolt dau. of Tho. of Woodend, 7 Jan'y. 

44 Barbara Chauncy dau. of George, gent, lb March. 

44 Marye Shotbolte, dau. of James, 25 March, (born 20 March.) 

1582-3. Tunney Shotbolte sonn of John, gent, 17 March, born 11 March. 

C 4 Heres Joh'nis " in margin.) 
1583-4. Helen Shotbolte dau: of Tho: of Woodend, 17 Feb. 

1584. Marian Shotbolte dau. of Thomas of Moregrene, 20 April. 

44 k George Chauncye sonne of George, gent, 22 Dec r . [in margin — by a 2^ wife 

Humberstone, widow.] 
44 Edward Gurnaye sonn ot Will'm, gent, 21 March. 

1585. Phillip Shotbolte sonn of John, gent, 16 May. 
44 John Humerston sonn of John, 11 July. 

44 Elizabeth Chauncye dau. of George, 30 Jan'y. 

44 William Shotbolte sonne ot Tho. of Woodend, 6 March. 

1586. Marmaduke Gurnay sonn of Will'm, gent. 24 July. 

1587. Edward Chauncy sonn of George, 3 Sept r . 

1587. Mathias Shotbolte dau. of James of Munnes, 10 Dec r . 

1588. Raffe Shotbolte sonn of John, gent., borne the 20 March 1587 and baptized 

the 29 March, 1588. 
44 Judith Chauncye dan. of George, 3 Nov r . 
44 Thomas Shotbolte sonn of Thomas of Woodend, 15 Nov r . 

1589. Thomas Shotbolte, son of John gent, (born 18) 22 June. 
44 Mercye Sterne dau. of Will'm, gent. 8 Sept r . 

44 Helen & Elizabeth Humm'ston dau's of John 11 Jan'y. 

44 Luce Chauncye dau. of George, 15 Feby. 

1590. Marye Gurnay, dau. of Will'm, gent., 10 May. 

1591. William Sterne soon of William, gent., 17 Oct r . (born 10 th ) 

1592. Luce Shotbolt. dau. of Tho. of Woodend, 26 March ( Easter daye and b;>m 

21 same month.) 

44 Gryssell Bawtrye dau. of Leonard Bawtrye of Leake in the Countye of 
Lyncolne Enquire borne upon Wednesday in the fornoone, about seiven 
of the Clocke beinge 12 Aprill and baptized 16 Ap'ill. (" Heres " writ- 
ten in margin.) 

" William Humm'ston sonn of John, 17 Sept. 

44 Charles Chauncye sonn of George, gent. 5 Nov. 

1593. Leonard Shotbolte sonn of James, born 25 April, bapt 29 April. 
44 Ann Chauncye dau. of George gent, 25 Nov r . 

1594. Jane Shotbolte dau. of James, 12 Jan'y. 
1595-6. Henry Shotbolte sonn of Thomas, 15 Feb'y. 
1596. Marye Sterne dau. of Will'm, gent., 31 May. 

1596-7. Frauncis Shotbolte dau. of John Shotbolte gent, 6 Feb'y. (born l rt ) 
44 Marye Shotbolte dau. of James, 25 March. 

1598. Esdras Blandesmn of John Bland, clerke, 21 May. 

1598-9. Frauncis Sterne dau. of Willia' Sterne, gent., born 25 Feb'y. bapt 4 March. 

1599. Joh'nnes Parsons, filius Nieholai cleri', 9^Sept. 
1599-1600. Jana Shotbolte tiiia Jacobi, 17 Feb'y. 

1600. Johnnes Chauncy filius Henrici generosi natus 17 Nov. bapt 25. 

1601. Alexander Walker filius Thomse Ciuis piscatoris London, 22 June. 
44 Robertus Sterne filius Gulieirni, 19 July. 

44 Barbara Lauson filia Tho: Lapsoh generosi, 22 Nov. 
1602-3. Elizabeth Shotbolte filia Jacobi iunior', 12 Feb. * 

1605. Tho: Chauncie filius llenrici gener',26 May. 

44 Franciscus Shotbolte filius Jacobi iunioris, 1 Nov r . 
1607. Anna do filia do do 10 May. 

1607-8. Rodulphus Audley films Eduardi, 17 Jan'y. 



276 Extracts from Parish Register o/Ardeley. [July, 

1607-8. Gulielmus Shotbolte filius Joh'nis de Murines, 22 March. 

1608. Gulielmus Tailor filius Thome Tailor generosus, born 14 June & bapt 2G th . 

1609. Thoma Shotbolte filius Phillippi Shotbolte sen', 14 Deer, (born 4 th .) 

1610. Thoma Tailor filius Thomas Tailor gener , 29 Apl. (bom 23 rd ) 
44 Maria Audeley lilia Eiuerdi, 5 Aug : . 

" Maria Shotboltc filia Philiipi gen', (born 27 Oct.) 1 Nov. 

1611. Maria Tailor filia Thomas gen', nata fuit 7° die Aprilis, bapt 14 Apl. 
44 Joh'nes Shotbolte tilius Jacobi, 4 Aug't. 

44 Joh'nes Shotbolte filius Phi' gener', 8 Dcc'r. (born 27 Xov r .) 

1612. Katherina Boteler filia Pbilipi Boteler Armigeri, 29 Dec r (born 19 th ) 

1613. Maria Shotbolt filia, Philippi Shotbolt generosi, 13 April, (born 15 th ) 
44 Elizabetha Tattersall filia Thomas Tattersall, 23 Jan'y. 

1614. Francisca Boteler filia Philippi Boteler Gener', 1 Sepf. 
44 Anna Shotbolt filia Philippi Shotbolt, Gener', 1 Sepf. 

1615. Elizabeth Tailor dau. of Thomas Tailor, gent., 18 Sepf. 
44 John Boteler son of Phillip Boteler esq* 8 Oct r . 

44 Thomas Tattersall son of Thomas Tattersall, 5 Nov r . 
44 John Shotbolt son of Phillip Shotbolt, gen.. 12 Dec r . 
1616-17. Will'm Shotbolt son of Phillip Shotbolt, gent., 23 March. 

1618. An Tattersall dau. of Thomas T. , 25 Oct r . 

44 Henry Tailor son of Thomas Tailor, gent., 27 Dec r . 

1619. Constance Gaddesden dau. of John Gadrlesden sent, 23 May. 
44 Lettice Boteler dau. of Phillip Boteler, Gent., 25 May. 

1619-20. Elizabeth Sikes dau. of Root. Sike.s Vicar of Yardley, 12 March. 

1620. Ellenor Shotbolt dau. of Philip Shotbolt gent, 27 August. 

1621. Robert Tattersall son of Thomas T. 21 May (Henry son of same bapt 21 Jan'y 

1623-4). 

1622. John Sikes 6on of Robt. Sikes vicar of Yardley, 19 May (born 8 th ) 
1624. Mary do dau. do do do do 30 May. 

Phillip Shotbolt son of Phillip Shotbolt, Gent., 26 Sept r . 
1627. John Tattersall son of Thomas Tattersall, 27 May. (W ra son of same bapt. 

29 Auot 1630.) 
1627-8. Anne Sikes dau. of Robart Sikes vicar of Yardley, 10 Feb'y„ 
1630. Henry do son do do do do 3 Oct. 

1632. Henry Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy, gent., 24 April. 

1633. John Chauncy son of do do * do 30 Dec r . Bur. 1704. 
1635. Anne do dau'r do do do 31 Dec r . 

1637. Elizabeth do do do do gent, and Anne 26 Oct 1 ". 

1640. Mary Chauncy dau. Henry Chauncy gent., and Anne 25 March. (1st entry 

in this year.) 
11 John Butler son of John Butler Citizen and Grocer of London & of Alice his 
wife, 13 May. 

1641. Edward son of same, 5 Sepf. 

1643. George Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy Gent & An his wife, 7 Sepf. 

1644. Jone Watson dau. of Thomas Watson, Clarke, & Elizabeth his wife, 15Dec r . 
1648. Peter Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy Esq*. 3 Ocf . 

1651. John Sykes son of John Sykes Vicar of Yardley & Frances his wife, 10 July. 

Buried 1726. 
1652-3. Henry son of same March. 

1654. Elizabeth dau. of same, born 27 March, bapt 3 April. 

1655. Frances dau. of same, born 28 Sepf, bapt 23 Ocf.* 

1656. Anne Marshall dau. of Jonathan Marshall, 25 March. 
1659. John Mitchell son of M r Richard Mitchell, 1 Aug't. 

1661. Mary Milton dau. of John Milton and Hanna his wife, 26 May. 
1663. Joyce Chauncy dau. of M r John Chauncy gent., and Joyce his wife, 10 
Aug't. 

* 1657. Anne dau. of same, born 7 March, bapt 20th (16,56-7) 

1659. James son of same, born 19 Apl., bapt 21 th . 

1650. James son of same, 3 Mav. 

1661. Arthur son of same, 26 Sepf. 

1663. Edward son of same, 5 Aug*. 

1664. Jane dau. of same, 31 Decr. 
1666. Nathaniel son of same, 13 April. 
1669. William son of same, 14 May. 



1886.] Extracts from Parish Register of Ardeley. 211 

1666. Henry Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy Esq and Jane his wife, 26 April. 

Bur. 26 Nov. 1703. 

1667. John Chauncy son of Henry Chauncy the younger of Yardley Bury Esqr and 

Jane his wife, 14 May. ^Buried 9 July 1704. 

1668. Hellen Willctt dau. of Thomas Willett, gent., and Elizabeth his wife, 21 

June. 

1675. John Maynard son of George and Joane his wife. 5 Dec r . 

1680-1. Mary Beamont dau. of Simion Beamont of Shingy in the County of Cam- 
bridge and Magdalen bis wife, 16 Jan'y. 

1683. Arthur y e son of S r Ilenrey Chauncev Knight Sc the Lady Elizabeth Chaun- 
cey his Wife was born April 29, & Bapt. May 6. (Over is written in a 
later hand A.D. 1752 Obijt Arthur ye (etc?) vafer idem idewque nefastus 
apud Hoxon juxta Eye in Com Sutfblc : avin ? t n; uXXoq yovv. 

16S4. Thomas y c son of Tho. Kycorn of Congerton in Cheshire and Margaret his W. 
8 May. 

1688. Margaret y e Daughter of James Forrester of Cottered Esq and Martha his 

wife, 28 Oct. Added in later hand— James dyed 1696. Martha his Wid- 
ow dyed Sept. 1745. 

1689. Humphrey y e son of M r Humphrey Forster & Mary his wife (the fourth 

Daughter of Sir Henry Chauncev)" was born Dec 16 and baptized Dec r 28. 
1701. John Bray of Hitchin (aged about 30 years) 27 April. 

Marriages. 
1546. William 01yu er and Jane Abdall wid' were Mariede the 6 November. [First 
Entry.] 

1546. Richard Hoye of Auberye and Ellen Halfhide of Woodend 16 Januarye. 
" John Halfehide and Ellen Myles both of Yardley. 23 Jan?. 

1547. William Fann of Cople in the Countye of Bedd and Helen Bardaife of Yard- 

ley, 25 October. 
1552. Phillip Bardaife and JaneGayler, 19 June. 
1552. John Cornewell gentleman and Jone Varney, 19 June. 
1557. George Bruster gent and Jone his wife, 30 Nov r . 

Edmunde Halfehide and Dorothye his wiffe, 8 Aprill. 

John Mylles and Alice Shotboulte, 20 Nov. 
1560. Edmunde Halfehide and Elizabeth Austyn, 16 Sept r . 
1562. John C^sbee and Elizabeth Shotboulte, 7 May. 

1570. John Shotboulte and Jone Mylles, 29 Oct. 

1571. Thomas Halfehide and Helen Austyne, 15 July. 

1572. William Norton gent and Margaret Hamond widdowe, 6 Oct. 

1573. Thomas Blowes and Alice Shotbolte. 8 Nov. 
*' Edward Crofte and Jone Shotbolte, 22 June. 

1577. William Halfhide and Margaret Lawrence, 20 Jan? (1577-8). 

1578. Jacobus Shepherd et Jona Halfhid, 27 Dec r . 

1579. Wylliam Shotbolte and Margaret Halfehide. 6 DeC. 

14 James Shotbolte gentleman and Agnis Pabda, 28 Dec 7 . 

1580. Thomas Smyth of Kushden and Helen Halfehid dau. of Will'm Halfehide 

17 Aprill. ' 

Edmund Bardaife and Helen Halfhide, 10 July. 
1585. Leonard Bawtrey of Leake in the Cwuntye of Lincolne, gent,, and Mary 

Shotbolte daughter of Thomas Shotbolte Esquier, 27 April!. 
1588. William Sterne gent and Mary lialthide, 17 Decr. 
15S9. Thomas Waite and Lettice Halfhid. 3 Augt. 
1590. Thomas Cole and Jone Lane, 14 Sept. 

" John Rowley and Marye Bardolfe, 4 Oct 1 ". 
1593. William Halfehid and Susana Walbye, 30 Sept r . 
1598. George Bardaife and Marye Kettle, 20 June. 

M John Halfehide and Agnis Halfehide. 15 Oct. 
1600. Symon Thruckston and' Prudence Bardolph, 2 Oct 
1604. llenricus Edwards & Helena Halfhid, 5 June. 

1606. Michael Bardaife & Maria Halfehide, 20 Nov r . 

1607. Thomas Tailor generosus & Maria Shotbolte hlia Joh'nis Shotbolte Armigeri, 

6 July. 
1608-9. Thoma Halfehide & Miriana Walbie, 2 Feb 
" llenricus Walbie & Gratia Halfhid, 2 Feb. 
VOL. XL. 25 



1559. 



278 Extracts from Parish Register of Ardeley. [July, 

1609-10. Gulielmus Skeeg et Maria Grnue. 5 Feb. Lie. 

1611. Richardus Bardalfe & franc i«ca Haifehide, 24 Oct. 

1612. Joh'nes Haruie Jc Helena Haifehide, 7 May. 

1621. Edward Northe & Alice Cole. l l J Aug 1 . 
*« John Browne & Mary Shotbolt, 18 Oct r . 

1622. James Bardolfe son of Edmund Bardolfe & Elizabeth Edwards dau. of Henry 

Edwards, I May. 

1623. John Peacocked Elizabeth Shotbolt, 16 Oct r . 

1624. M r Robart Greene of Bobbin in the County of Kent, Esq T & M ris Frances 

Shotbolt the daughter of M r John Shotbolt of Yardley Esq r 26 Sepf. 

1625. M r Angell Gray of Kingston in the County of Dorset esq r & M™ Katherine 

Stowell of Yardley in the County of Hertford gent., 28 March. 

1626. Leonard Cole of Benington & Alice Hill of Aston widow, 7 Aug*. Lie. 

*' Theophilus Lynche Cittizen & Girdler of London & M ria Rickson of London, 
spinster, 26 Dec. 

1630. Robart Seweil of Stevenage <£; Joane Shotbolt, 18 Octr. 

1632. Richard Wright & Elizabeth Shotbolt, 1 Nov r . 

1635. Henry Budder weaver & Elizabeth Bardolf spinster, 13 Aug*. 
" John HaU'hid & Rebecca Bardolfe. 8 Oct. 

1636. Henry Wall is & Mary Bardolfe, 13 Oct. 

1641. Will'm Peirson Cittize' & Goldsmith of London & Frances Sikes dau'r of 

Robt. Sikes vicar of Yardly, 2 Dec r . 
1643. Will'm Clarke of Purton widower & Anne Tattersal widow, 1 Dec r . 
1645. John Austine* wierdrawer & Citizen of London & Mary Sykes dau'r of Rob't 

Sykes late vicar of Yardley, 18 Sept. 
1647. Richard Hall and Alice Lincolne, 28 Sept r . 

1651. W m Rayment of Cotterid single man and Matthew (sic) Jordan of Yardley, 

30 Sepf. 

1652. Henry Sykes of Hypoiets in y e County of Hertford Clerke and M™ Mary 

Raynsford of Tewin in y e said County widduw, 5 Sepf. 

1653. Timothie Bristow of Richden Clerke and Abigaill Stratton of Yardley wid- 

dow, 2 May. 
1659. M r Robert Harrington of Aspeden in y e Countye of Hertfort and M" 

Sarah Wellingham of the same Spinster were raarr 23 June. 

" M r Henry Hall of Popier in the county of Middlesex gentP and M r3 Anne 

Chauncy of Yardley in y e county of Hertf. spinster, 27 Oct r . 
1665. John Pe.icocke of Much Munden and Anne Shotbolt of Weston, 1 May. 
1669. Litton Faireclough of S : . Giles Crippleirate, London, singleman and Francis 

Gorsuch of Weston in this County, 7 April. 

1677. James Cater widdower and Elizabeth Rainsford widdow both of Little Mun- 

den, 29 Nov. 

1678. William Linsey of Hengham in the Mount in Com. Essex widdower & Su- 

san Walby of Cottereii, widdow, 8 June. 

1684. Edward Palmer of Sandon Singleman & Elizabeth Hall of this Parish single- 
woman, 9 Ocf. 

1686. M r Francis Bragg of East Greenwich in Kent and Madam Jane Chauncey 
of Yardley Bury, 29 Sepf. . 

1688. John Kent of Little Munden singleman & Mary Godfrey of this Parish Maid- 
en, 20 Sepf. 

1691. John Daniel Cittizen & Grocer of London and Mary Sell of this Parish 

Maiden, 13 April. 

1692. M r Edward Lane of Walkern, Widower, & M* Mary Lane of y c same Maiden, 

24 May. 
1695. John Clarke of this Parish B & Jane Hilliard of y e same M, 14 Ocf. 
1697. George Shelford of Hormead Mag: Wid: & Mary Marshal wid., 26 Jan'y. 

Burlals. 

1546. Thomas Austyne son of John Austyne of Luffenhall,f 25 Aug*. 

1547. Roger Haifehide of Garners ende, 12 June. 

1548. George Haifehide, 9 Oct. 
" Joseph Haifeside, 20 Jan^. 

• Many Austins in regr. before this date. 

f First entry in Register and only one in this year. 



1886.] Extracts from Parish Register of Ardeley. 279 

1552. Edward Halfehide, 18 Sept. 

155S. James Halfehide son of Thomas, 2 Aug*. 

Phillip Bardalfe. 18 Sept'. 

1559. Mother Shotboultc, 20 March. 

1561. John Cornewell.gent., 12 April. 

" Thomas Halfehide, 5 Aug'. 

" John Bardalfo, 7 Oct. 

" Mother Annis Halfehide, 20 Oct. 

" John Halfehide. 6 Dec r . 

1563. Edmund Halfehide. 7 May. 

1568. Jone Brewster wiffe of George Brewster, gent., 5 June. 

" Thomas Shotbolte, 6 July. 

1570. Edward Halfehid sonn of Richard. 28 Nov r . 

1575. Jane Shotbolte wife of Thomas of Moorgrene, 22 Dec r . 

1577. Margaret Halfehide wiffe of Will'm, 2 July. 

1578. Robt. Shotbolte sonn of John of Standon, 19 Feby. 

1579. Helen Bardalfe, 25 June. 

*' John Halfehide son of Thomas, 2 Fety\ 

1581. Richard Halfhid of Woodend, 30 Dec'. 

1582. Jane Chauncye wife of George U uried 2 5 Julye. 
Charles Chauncy sonn of Georse ) J 

1583. James Shotbolte senio r , 3 April. 

1584. John Halfhid the Cooke. 9 Oct. 

•* Robt Tattersall sonn of Robt., Clark vicar of Yardlcy, 23 Oct. 

1585. Alice Shotbolte of Luffenhall. widd., 21 May. 
1587. Murmaduke Gurnay sonn of "Will'm sent, 3 May. 

1589. Thomas Shotbolte sonn of John, gent, 18 July. 

"' Susana Bowles dau'r of Thomas, gent, late of Enfeilde, 2 Sept r . 

1590. Thomas Cole, sonn of Thomas, 25 Dec r . (Eliz. d of same, 7 Nov. 1596.) 
1592. Will'm Shotbolte sonn of Tho. of Woodend, 12 Jan- V . 

1597. Thomas Cole, 21 Sepf. 

11 Robt Clarke sonn ot George, 22 Jan?. 

1598. Daniell Bennion sonn of Thomas Cytizen of London, 10 June. 

11 Roger Walpoole sonn of Caesar Walpoole p'son of Worineley, 25 Jan?. 

1599. Thomas Shotbolte sonne of James, 15 April. 

" Thomas Shotbolt Armiger cum 70 annos In Deum pie: in proximu iuste in 
seipsu sobrie vixerat: randem anima' expirauit 9° die mensi.s Junij: sepul- 
tusq'. 10° die eiusde mensis: euisq' exequiae solemnizabantur 2° die Julij 
Anno vt supra. Yiuit post funera virtus. 

" Jane Shotbolte Widd, 17 Feb. 
1605-6. Elizabeth Hunter filia Tho: Hunter Ciuis London, 12 March. 

1606. Anna Chauncie vxor Henrici generosi. 28 Sepf. 

1607. Gulielmus Shotbolte filius Jacobi de Munnes, 17 Dec r . 
1607-8. Geonjius Cook filias Joh'nis Ciuis London, 19 Feb. 

1609. Eliz. Wilkes filia Randulphi Wilkes, Ciuis London, 21 Dec'. 

1612. Maria Shotboulte filia Philipi sener , 19 April. 
*' Joh'nes Garret al'S Bacon. 23 Oct r . 

1613. Robertus Tattersall quondam Vicarius istius Ecclesias quum 37 Annos, 4 

Menses, et Vnam Hebdomadam verbum dei sincere fideliterq' huic populo 
praedicasset, tandem an imam expirauit suam 19° die Mensis Nouembris 
Anno Domini 1613 ac sepultus21° eiusdem Mensis. Anno ^Etatis suae 74°. 
1613-14 naell Tattersall 23 March. 

1614. EHzab. Shotbouit daushr of Thorn., 10 July. 

" Katherine Boteler dau'r of Phillip Boteler esquier, 31 Aug*. 
1616-17. John Shotbolt sonn of Phillip Shotbolt, gent., 28 Jan*. 

1620. M" Alice Boteler wife of Phillip Boteler, <rent., 27 April. 

1621. Ould James Shotbolt of Luffenhall, 19 May. 

'* M r John Shotbolt son of John Shotbolt esq r , 13 Scpt r . 

1622. M rs Mary Tailor wife of M r Thomas Tailor esq r ., *9 June. 

1623. Ould Thomas Shotbolt, 3 June. 

1625. Henry Tattersel son of Thomas Tattersall, 11 Nov r . 

1627. Ould M™ Mary Shotbolt widow, April 

" Margaret Shotbolt widow, April .... 

" M r Thomas Shotbolt, Gent, April 22. 



280 The Wrights of Northampton, Mass. [July, 

1628. Anne Tattersell dau'r of Thomas T. , 9 July. 

1631. An Sikes dau'r of Robt. Sikes, Vicar of Yardloy, 29 March. 
" M r Henry Chauncy, Gent, in the chauncell, 19 April. 

" Mary Shotbolt wife of James Shotbolt. 21 Jan- V . 

1632. Phillip Shotbolt a child, son of Phillip Shotbolt, Gent, 10 May. 
" James Shotbolt of Luflenhall, 29 N"uy'. 

1638. Thomas Tattersall of Churchend, 22 Jany. 

1639. Wfll'm Shotbolt son of John S. 3 Julv. 

1640. Elizabeth Tattersall dau'r of widow T. 13 July. 
1644-5. M r Kobert Sykes late Vicar of Yardlv. 3 Jan?. 

1652. John Parker of Yardley Bury, 23 Aug : . 

1655-6. M rs Mary Chauncy wile to M r Henry Chauncy late of Yardley bury was 

buried in the Chauncell, 5 Feb. 
1656-7. John Shotbolt of Luffenhall, 3 Jan'v. 
1657-8. M™ Judith Chauncy of Yardlev Burv. 13 Jan?. 

1653. Grace Marshall wife of Jonathan Marshall, 9 Sept r . 

44 Jonathan Marshall of Luflenhall, 31 Dec 1 *. [April. 

1663. M n Elizabeth Sykes wid. the relict of Robert Sykes late Vicar of Yardiey, 11 

'* M rs Elizabeth Chauncy daughter of Henry Chauncy of Yardley Bury, Esq., 

11 Aug'. [ Dec r . 

*'* Henry Chauncy an infant son and heire of Henry Chauncy jun r , Esq*. 7 

1664-5. John Chauncy son of John Chauncy gent, second son of Henry Chauncy 

of Yardley Bury Esq, 3 March. 
1665. M r Benjamin Harmer srent, 1 May. 
1667. Willia Willett, gent, 29 Sept. 
1669. M r John Nevill, gent, 25 Oct. 
" Jane Sykes dau'r of John Sykes vicar of Yardley •••• 

" George Chauncy citizen & Drugster of London third son of Henry Chauncy 
of Yardley Bury, Esq was buried in the Chauncell at Yardley. 21 Febr. 
1672-3. M rs Jane Chauncy wife of Henry Chauncy jun' of Yardiey Bury Esq r , 2 

Jan^. 
1673-4. M rs Mary Markhara wife of Robert Markham, Esq, 19 Feby. 
1681. Henry Chauncev Esq, The Father of Sir Henry Chauncey of Yardley-Bary 

EX, 6 May. 
16S2. Jane y e dau'r of Michcel Sevmour, 14 Aug*. 

1686. M r Christopher Yeadon of Yardley- Bury, 29 Dec r . 

1687. M s Grace Beaumont, widow, 19 Dec r . 

1691. Frances the wife of John Eston of London, 1 Oct r . 

" M 3 Frances Peerson, 6 Oct 1- . 
1696. M s Catharine Tower, 25 Aug*. 

The following names are of frequen fc occurrence in this Register, but are appa- 
rently those of common people. 

Green, Olyver, Thorogood (Thunjood), Austyn, Crane, Hall, Hummerston (? for 
Humberston). Archer, Watson, Wright, Lane, Christie, Bond, Chessara, Myles, 
Cooke, Chapman, Shepherd, Kympton, Lodge, Kin:j,.Skegg, Cave, Overall, Pailat, 
Cantrell, Parker, Semer vel Seymour, Forster, North. 

Register of Papworth Evcrard 1565-1692. Add MS. 31,854, British Museum. 
1600. Susanna hlia Henrici Chauncey baptizata vicesimo nono die Augusti. 



THE WRIGHTS OF NORTHAMPTON, MASS. 

By William K. "Wright, Esq., of Northampton, Mass. 

I HAVE gathered from old records the names of many of the descend- 
ants of Dea. Samuel Wright, who was one of the first settlers of North- 
ampton. A few of these names in the line of Judah Wright, the youngest 
fion of Dea. Samuel, I send to you for publication in the Register. 

In the Register, vol. iv. pp. 355-353. is an article written by Mr. Jo- 
seph W. Wright containing a partial genealogy of Dea. Samuel Wright. 



1886.] The Wrights of Northampton, Mass. 281 

In the article referred to it is said that Judah Wright went to Deerfield. 
It was Judah, 3 son of Judah, 2 and grandson of Dea. Samuel, 1 who settled 
in Deerfield, and was ancestor of most of the Deerfield Wrights. The will 
of Dea. Samuel Wright contains the following: 

M Forasmuch as my two sons have jointly carried on the work about a new house, 
my will is y 1 James doe still help to finish y e house till it be made comfortable to 
live in. Likewise my will is y 1 in consideration my son James hath y c house and 
home lot, y* he pay to his brother Judah fifteen pounds — the manner or' paying this 
fifteen pounds to my son Judah to be five pounds a year in work till all be paid." 

The homestead of Judah 3 Wright, situated on Bridge Street in North- 
ampton, continued in his line five successive generations. 

The homestead of James, first granted to his father about 1657, situated 
a few rods northeasterly from meeting-house hill, continued in the line of 
James until 1799. 

The homestead of Samuel Wright, Jr., who came to Northampton with 
his father, has continued in that line from 1657 till the present time. 

1. Dea. Samuel 1 Wright, by wife Margaret, had children: 

i. Samuel, 2 m. Elizabeth Burt, Nov. 24, 1653. For their descendants, see 

Reg. iv. '655-6. 
ii. James, m. Abigail Jess, Jan. 18, 1664. 
iii. Mary. 

iv. Margaret, m. Thomas Bancroft, Dec. 3, 1653. 
v. Hester, m. Samuel Marshfield, Feb. 18, 1651-2. 
vi. Lydia, d. Feb. 13. 1699; m. first, Lawrence Bliss, Oct. 25, 1654; m. 

second, John Norton, Oct. 3, 1678 ; m. third, John Lamb, 1638 ; m. 

fourth, George Colton, 1692. 
2. vii. Jcdah, b. May 10, 1642. 

viii. Helped, b. 7 mo. (i. e. September) 15, 1644, probably died young. 

2. Judah 8 Wright (SamneP) was born at Springfield May 10, 1642; 

died at Northampton, 1725. Was twice married — first to Mercy 
Burt, Jan. 8,1066; married second, to widow Sarah Burke, July 
11, 1706, being her third marriage. She was daughter of Thomas 
and Mary Woodford, was born Sept. 2, 1649, married first, Nehe- 
miah Allen, Sept. 4, 1664, when but two days more than fifteen 
years of age. She married second, Richard Burke, 1687 ; married 
third as above. Judah Wright and wife Mercy were admitted to 
the church 1672, and in 1675 personally took the covenant and ad- 
mitted to full communion. 

The date of the death of the first wife not known. The second 
wife Sarah died March 31, 1712. Children of Judah and Mercy: 

i. Samuel, 3 b. Nov. 6, 1667 ; d. 1668. 

ii. Mercy, b. March 4, 1668-9; m. Dec. 15, 1692, Samuel Allen* of Deer- 
field ; was his second wile. Samuel Allen m. first. Mary Baldwin, 
July 14, 1667 (daughter of Joseph Baldwin, Jr., of Hadley). Samuel 
Allen had two children by his first wife, viz. : Samuel, b. May 29, 
' 1688, and Mary, b. Feb. 6, 1690— died. The children of Samuel Al- 
len and Merey: I Nthcmiah* b. Sept. 21, 1693— died ; 2. Mercy.* b. 
June 29, 1695 ; 3. Nehemiafi* b. Sept. 19, 1697 : 4. Mary,* b. Oct. 22, 
1699, m. Benjamin Srnallev of Lebanon ; 5. Daniel,* b. Nov. 1, 1701 ; 
6. Hester* b. Feb. 26, 1704, d. Dec. 18, 1707 ; 7. Lydia* b. Mav 15, 
1706, m. Selah Murray of Guilford; 8. Jnsppk* b. Oct. 14, 1708, in 
' Deerfield. This Joseph was father of Col. Ethan 5 Allen, the celebrated 

warrior. 9. Ebenezer* b. April 26, 1711. 

• Samuel Allen was a son of Nehemiah and grandson of Samuel Allen of Windsor Ct. 
See Allen Genealogy, Reo. xxx. 444. 

VOL. XL. 25* 



282 The Wrights of Northampton, Mass. [July, 

iii. Hester, b. Aug. 18. 1671 ; d. 1074. 

iv. Jcdah, b. Nov. 4. 1673 ; d. young. 

3. v. Judah, b. May, 1677; m. Mereyiloyt, of Deerfield.. 

4. vi. Ebenezer, b. 1679 ; m. Mary Judd. 

vii Thomas, b. April 8, 1683 ; was a weaver ; d. unmar. 1744. 
viii. Patience, b. April 18, 1684 ; m. John Stebbins, 17 L0. 
ii. Nathaniel, b. May 5, 1688; d. at Deerfield, 1711. 

3. Judah 3 Wright (Judah 2 Samuel 1 ) married Mercy Hoyt of Deer- 

field, April 4, 1707. He died Aug. 3, 1747. Children: 

i. Judah, 4 b. Jan. 29, 1708. 

ii. Mary, b. 1709 ; m. Noah Chapin, May 23, 1733. 

iii. David, b. June 12, 1711 ; m. Elizabeth Hitchcock, 1745. Elizabeth 

Wright appointed guardian of Submit, heir and only daughter of 

David Wright of Deerfield, 1747. 
iv. Sarah, b. Oct. 23, 1713; m. Samuel Childs, 1739. 

5. v. Noah, b. March 27, 1716 ; m. Jan. 20, 1746, Esther Scott. 

6. vi. Asahel, b. Oct. 8, 1721 ; m. Lucy Wait. 

4. Ebenezer 3 Wright (Judah, 2 Samuel 1 ) married Mary Judd, Julv, 

1709. He died Feb. 22, 1767. She died April 15, 1748, aged 6*5. 
Children: 

i. Mary, 4 b. May 8, 1710 ; m. Waitstill Strong of Southampton, Feb. 23, 
1752 ; second wife. She d. 1770. 

ii. Mercy, b. June 9, 1713; m. Joseph Clark, May 2, 1734. She d. Feb. 
13, 1735, in her 22d year. Said to be the first person that died in 
south precinct (Southampton). She left one daughter, b. Feb. 12, 
1735, who married Noah Bnd£rraan. 

iii. Eunice, b. Aug. 17. 1715; m. Selah Clark, Sept. 22, 1737. She died 
Nov. 15, 1806. Their children: 1. Eunice* b. Sept. 13, 1738; m. 
Aaron Pomeroy, 1764 ; 2. Anne, 5 b. June 17, 1740; 3. Mary* b. Sep- 
tember 28, 1742; A.Hannah ,* ; 5. Selah, 5 b. Sept. 30, 1747; 

6. Rhoda 5 b. Nov. 9, 1749 ; 7. Amasa, 5 bapt. April 6, 1755 ; 8. Isa- 
bel 5 m. Joseph Pomeroy, 1778. 

iv. Ebenezer, b. July 23, 17 i7 ; d. Sept. 22, 1802. 

v. Nathaniel, b. Oct. 18, 1720 ; d. Jan. 22, 1796. 

vi. Racbel, b. Oct. 6, 1723; m. Gideon Clark. She died Sept. 7, 1748; 
left two children, viz., Rachel, b. Sept. 12, 1746, and Gideon, b. 1748. 

7. vii. Bildad, b. about 1726; m. first, Elizabeth Oakes, Dec. 19, 1753. She 

died Jan. 30, 1771. He m. second, Sarah, widow of Elijah Moody, 
1778. He d. July 8, 1799, aged 72. She d. Dec. 29, 1821. 

5* Noah 4 Wright (Judah, 3 Judah, 2 Samuel 1 ) married Jan. 20, 1746, 
Esther Scott of Sunderland. He died Nov. 7, 1797. She died 
Oct. 24, 1806, aged 91. They had two children, viz.: 

i. Noah,* who d. young. 

ii. Eunice, who m. Sept. 22, 1763, Samuel Childs, of Deerfield. 

6. Asahel 4 Wright (Judah, 3 Judah, 9 Samuel 1 ) married Lucy Wait 

He died 1816. 

In his will, recorded at Greenfield, 1817, are mentioned — daughters Lucy,* 
wife of Thomas Sanderson ; Mary, wife of Solomon Field ; Lois, wife of 
Isaac Baker ; Mercy, widow of the late Joshua Hawks ; and sons Judah 
und Asahel. 

7. Bildad* Wright (Ebenezer, 3 Judah, 2 Samuel}) married first, Eliza- 

beth Qakes, Dec. 19, 1753. Children: 

8. i. Esos, 5 b. Jan. 15, 1755 ; m. Elizabeth Wright, 1776. I 

ii. Elizabeth, m. Thomas Bridgman, April, 28, 1791. She d. May 25, 1806. 
Their children : I. George* b. Feb. 12, 17u2 : 2. Laura, 6 n. June 19, 
1793; m. iirst, Ralph Stebbins, Oct. 12, 1813; m. second, Amanda 



1886.] The Wrights of Northampton, Mass. 283 

Wood, 1827; 3. Thomas* b. July 14, 1795 ; 4. Betsey* b. March 11, 
1797, d. Feb. 20, 1798 ; 5. a dau.* died in 3 1-2 hours, July 8, 1798 ; 

6. William* b. October. 1799, d. Sept. 28, 1802. 

iii. Jerusha, m. William Clark, Jr., July 19, 1787; she d. Feb. 17, 1816, 
aged 51. Their children : 1. Lucius* b;\p. Feb. 1, 1789 ; 2. Sarah* 
b. Oct. 24, 1790, d. Sept. 16, 1823 ; 3. Jerusha,* b. Feb. 3, 1793. iu. 

Ogden ; 4. William* b. April 5. 1795 ; 5. Rufus* b. May 27, 

1797, d. April 5, 1811; 6. Mira?idaf b. Jan. 5, 1800, d. Xov. 6, 1825 ; 

7. Betsey* b. June 30, 1802, d.Sept. 21, 1803; 8. Elizabeth* b. July 
7, 1805, d. Oct. 16, 1806. 

iv. Bildad, bap. Feb. 10, 1760 ; was in the revolutionary army. 
v. Perez, bap. April 4, 1762, d. 1816, at Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Bildad "Wright's wife Elizabeth died Jan. 30, 1771. He married, sec- 
ond, Sarah, widow of Elijah Moody, 1778. Children : 

vi. Elihu, bap. Aug. 15, 1780; d. 1781. 

vii. Sarah, bap. Juiy 24, 1782 ; in. John King. 

8. Enos 5 Wright {Bildad* Ebenezer, 3 Judah, 1 Samuel 1 ) married Eliza- 

beth Wright, daughter of Timothy, July 18, 1776. He died May 
30, 1834. She^died Dec. 15, 1854, aged 98 years and six months. 
He was deacon of the first church from 1791 to his death. Children: 

i. Mary, 6 b. April 27, 1777; in. Thaddeus Russell, June 23, 1796; she d. 
Nov. 30, 1836. Their children : 1. Charles, 7 b. May 26, 1797 ; settled 
in Colerain, has a family ; 2. James 7 b. July 15, 1799, d. May 21, 
1836 ; 3. Mary 7 b. July 23, 1802, m. Jacob Parsons ; 4. Sylvester 7 
b. April 27, 1805, d. May 25. 1805 ; 5. Sylvester 7 2d, b. May 5, 1807 ; 
6. Elizabeth 7 b. Aug. 2S, 1810, d. Aug. 29, 1810 ; 7. Elizabeth 7 2d, 
b. xMarch 1, 1812 ; 8. Edward 7 and Sarah, 7 b. March 21, 1817, both 
d. same year. 
9. ii. Ebenezer, b. Feb. 22, 1779 ; d. June 2, 1814 ; m. Betsey Pomeroy, Nov. 
30, 1807 ; she d. June 15. 1874, set. 90. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. July 22, 1781 ; d. Oct. 1, 1787. 

10. iv. Enos, b. Jan. 18, 1784 ; m. Aurora Searle. 
v. Eleanor, b. March 1, 1786; d. 1787. 

vi. Elizabeth 21, b. June 25, 1788 ; m. Melzer Warner, of Williamsburg, 
Nov. 17, 1816, second wife. Their children : 1. Eunice 7 b. Sept. 15, 
1817 ; 2. Francis S. 7 b. Aoril2l, 1819 ; 3. Edwin W. 7 b. Jan. 31, 1821. 

yii. Eleanor 2d, b. July, 1790; m. Nov. 24, 1813, Calvin Wilder. He d. 
Oct. 2S, 1838. 38t. 48. She d Aug. 15, 1838. No children. 

11. viii. Levi, b. Jan. 7, 1793; m. first, Phimela Smith; m. second, Sophia 

Wilder, Feb. 9, 1832. 
ix. Sylvester, b. Aug. 17, 1795 ; d. 1803. 
x. Miriam, b. July 12, 1799 ; d. June 30, 1801. 
xi. Miriam 2d, b. June 28, 1802 ; m. April 11, 1832, Moses Bryant. 

9. Ebenezer* Wright {Enos* Bildad* Ebenezer, 3 Judah, 2 Samuel 1 ) 

was a graduate of Williams College, 1805; studied for the ministry; 
employed by the Hampshire Missionary Society in St. Lawrence 
County, N. Y., from 1809-14; died at Russell, N. Y. Married 
Betsey Pomeroy, Nov. 30, 1807. She was daughter of Gaius Pome- 
roy, a descendant of Eltwed Pomeroy. Children: 

i. Elizabeth Pomeroy, 7 b. Sept. 24, 1808; d. at Yarmouth, N. S., Feb. 
19, 1823. 

12. ii. William King, b. Dec. 26. 1811 ; m. April 26, 1836, Phebe Phelps. 
iii. Sarah Clark, b. Aug. 4, 1814. 

Widow Betsey Wright married second, Rev. Abel Cutler, Nov. 26, 
1815. Their children: 

i. Emily Pamelia, b. Nov. 17, 1817 ; d. at Yarmouth, N. S., 1822. 
ii. Mary Nixon, b. Nov. 24, 1820; m. May 18, 1812, William X. Bryaafc 
iii. Emily, b. July 24, 1824; m. May 23, 1850, Kansom L. Crowell, iiyw a 
merchant of Bernard&ton, Mass. 



284 Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [July, 

10. Enos 6 Wright (Enos, 5 Bildad,* Ebenezer, 3 Judah, 2 Samuel 1 ) married 

Aug. 7, 1809. Aurora Searle. She was born Jan. 31, 1788. Cb.: 
i. Samuel, 7 b. April 10, 1812; m. Sarah Pulver. 
ii. . Enos, b. July 25. 1814 ; d. July 26, 1815. 
iii. A daughter, b. Sept. 14, 1816 ; d. 
iv. Julia, b. March 18, 1820. 
T. Nancy, b. Nov. 20, 1823. 
13. vi. Enos, b. June 8, 1826 ; m. Oct. 23, 1849, Anna Maria Phelps. 
vii. Eleanor, b. Aug. 28, 1829. 

11. Levi 6 Wright (Enos, b Bildad* Ebenezer, 3 Judah,'* Samuel 1 ) married 

first, Phimela Smith. She died Jan. 16, 1831, aged 37. He mar- 
ried second, Feb. 9, 1832, Sophia Wilder. She died April 27, 
1862. Children of Levi and Phimela : 

i. Sylvester, 7 b. 1813; m. first, Harriet Clark ; second, widow Amanda 

Smith (formerly Moody). 
ii. Elizabeth, bap. 1815; m. Frank Cook, of Hadley, Mass. 
iii. Levi, bap. 1817 ; m. Harriet Graves. She d. Nov. 1846 ; he d. Aug. 

19, 1846. 
iv. Ebenezer, bap. 1819; d. unmarried, July 26, 1860. 
v. Phimela, bap. 1622. 
vi. Mary, bap. 1825. 
Tii. Amelia, bap. 1827 ; m. Charters. 

12. William King^Wright (Ebenezer,* Enos, 6 Bildad,* Ebenezer, Ju- 

dah 2 Samuel 1 ) married first, April 26, 1836, Phebe Phelps. She 
died Oct. 25, 1878. He married second, March 24, 1881, widow 
Keziah M. Williams (formerly Phelps). Children: 

i. William Hexw, 8 b. March 4, 1841 ; d. Jan. 26, 1851. 

ii. Elizabeth Pomeroy, b. Jan. 18. 1847 ; m. Edward S. Niles, April 15, 
1880. Their children : 1. Eliot Wright,* b. March 19, 18&1 ; 2. Helen 
Adora* b. June 18, 1883. They now reside in Boston. 

iii. Mary Phelps, b. Oct. 5, 1849 ; d. Aug. 3, 1853. 

iv. Caroline Ellen, b. March 28, 1854 ; d. July 22, 1856. 

13. Enos 7 Wright (Enos, 6 Enos, 5 Bildad, 4 Ebenezer, 3 Judah, 3 Samuel}) 

married Oct. 23, 1819, Anna Maria Phelps. Children: 

i. Annette Maria, 8 b. Oct. 19, 1851. 

ii. Edward Enos, b. April 29, 1854 ; d. July 30, 1856. 

iii. Henry Lewis, b. Nov. 20, 1857 ; d. Dec. 8, 1857. 

iv. Ellen Aurora, b. July 23, 1859 ; d. Aug. 28, 1861. 

T. Charles Samuel, b. Aug. 31, 1861. 

vi. Martha Anna, b. June 4, 1868. 



NOTES AND DOCUMENTS CONCERNING HUGH PETEPwS. 

Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of London, England. 
[Continued from pa^e 175.] 

Excerpted out of the Inventory Book of his Maj t,m 

Goods in Whitehall, St. James's, Somerset 

House, the Tower, Windsor, &c. &c. 

Plate & Jewells in the upp' Jewell house in the Tower in charge of S r 
Hen: Myldmaye Appraised the 13: 14: & 15 dayes of August 

1649 



1886.] JVotes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 285 



Fol: 36. 



delivd to the Mint The Imp'iall Crowne of Massy Gold weigh* / 
to be Coy ned. enriched &c : at 40 £ : p r lb. 

valued £ 



7lb . noz 



one blew Saphir 
one Saphir 
Two Saphirs 
One Saphir 

These 19 : Saphirs O ne ? a P hir 
One Saphir 
gold to Roger Hamfries TwQ Saphirs 



30 April 1650 
for 198£. 



Two Saphirs 
One Saphir 
One Saphir 
1 Saphir 
1 Saphir 
1 Saphir 

1 Saphir 

2 Saphirs . 



Sold to Mr John Crooke 

3d Jan : 1649 

for 320£ 



the sd 56 Rubies 

sold M r Leigh : 

7 Jan : 1649 

for 200£ 



Ruby Ballasis 

232 pearles at — 15' apeece 

Four Rubies in the Flower de luce 
4 : in the Cross .... 
2 : in the de Luce . 
4: in the Cross .... 
2: in the de luce 



5: 

4: 

2 Rubies sold Derrick 4 : 

4: 

4: 



n the Cross . 
n the de Luce 
n the Cross . 
n the de luce 
in the de Luce 



50. 
15. 
30. 

3. 

3. 
10. 
15. 

8. 

8. 

3. 
20. 
15. 

3. 

5. 
10. 



s. d. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 
00. 00. 



198. 00. 00". 

£ s. d. 

174. 00. 00 

20. 00. 00 

6. 00. 00 

12. 00. 00 

6. 00. 00 

3. 00. 00 

12. 00. 00 

30. 00. 00 

20. 00. 00 

20. 00. 00 

20. 00. 00 



Sold M r Murrey 
as appraised. 

Sold Rob* Miliary, 

3 Jan'v 1649 

for 191 £ 1U» 6<* 



the Gold d'd to the 
Mint to be Coyned. 

all sold 3 : Jan. 1649, 
for 210£ to Mr Crooke. 

all but 81 pearles sold. 

the 2 pearles sold 

Derrick. 



37 valued at 149 £ 

2i Rubies at 

2 Emeralds at 
28 Diamonds at . 



The Queenes Crowne weighing 3 lb :10 oz | 



149. 00. 00 
£ s. d. 
16.00.00 

5. 00. 00 

168. 00. 00 

189. 00. 00 



vallued at 40 £ p r lb: 

for the weight of the stone 



5 oz being abated 



20 Saphirs j j 

22 Rubies 
83 Pearles . 



4 at 
6 at 



£ s. d. 
136. 13. 04 

70. 00. 00 
50.00.00 

40. 00. 00 

41. 10. 00 

201. 10. 00 



286 Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [July, 

2<>* of the Gold sold A small Crowne found in an Iron Chest 
6:^3:i Um 2Tj?iny f 1649 formerly in the custody of the Lord Cot- 

, ' SiAa ^ 11 .»i tington, weighing 2 lb :l oz whereof 3 0Z to 
the rest of the Gold d'd , «„ ',? ,f . , . - , n j 

to the Mint to be coyned be allowed tor the weight of the stones £ s. d. 

and valued at 3*:G s :8 d per oz . . 73. OG. 08 

sold to James Guinon ft c qn u; rs , . 60. 00. 00 
3 Jan. 1649 for 65£ ° Sapmrs ov. w. uu 

%S££8s. aar * Di » mond 20 °- 00 - 00 

^mFtellf i Emerald 12 * 00 - 00 

i rock ruby 15. 00. 00 

The 10 rubies, 13 dia- 8 Rubies 20. 00. 00 

monds & 70 Pearls sold i oriental Ruby . . . . 8.00.00 

Mr. Crooke for 130£: 2*8 Diamonds . . . . . .24.00.00 

ia ♦»,« t Ton ifUQ 5 Diamonds 8. 00. 00 

7 d the 3 Jan. 1649. ^ ^ 0d ^ . . . . 8 . 15 . 00 



355. 15. 00 



fol: 37: 

*m *« «,* Mint The Globe weighing l lb 5 0Z J at 3* 6 s 8 d 
d'd to the Mint » o * r „ 1rt AA 

to be coyned. per ounce, valJued at . . . £07. 10. 00 

Two Coronation Bracelets weighing 7 0Z J 

, r . 4 (whereof one ounce to be deducted for 

d'd to the Mint, \ . , r . p , % 

** ,, . , . orvr the weight of the stones & pearles) at 
y« Gold valued at 20£ J= . ■ r / 

J 3 £ b 3 8 a per oz is . . . . 20. 00. 00 

__ c _„_ lna ~ f 3 Rubies Ballass set in each of the Brace- 

The stones & pearles of ^ 

these 3 peeces sold M r lets vail : at 6. 00. 00 

Crooke 3 Jany 1649, 12 Pearles vail : at .... 10.00.00 

with some other broken 

stones for 25£ 

16. 00. 00 

*r- Y Two Septers weighing 18oz£ at 3£ : 6 8 : 8 d 
d'd to y e Mint. ^ o © 4 

J per oz ...... 60. 00. 00 

A long rod of Silver gilt weighing l lb : 5 0Z . 
d'd to the Mint. afc 5 , . 4 d per QZ t t p # 4> 1 0< 08 

One gold Porringer & cover weighing 
Mint. 15oz£ valued a^3£ : C: 8 d per oz . 51. 13. 04 

One gold Cup set w th 2 : Saphirs & 2 Bal- 
Mint las Rubies weighing 15 0Z J at 3£ : 6* 8 d 

per oz 51. 13. 04 

Two gold Trencher plates enamelled, weigh- 
Mint. ing 25 oz . \ at 3£ : 6 s : 8 d per oz vallued at S5. 00. 00 

Two gold Spoones w th flat heads weighing 
Mint - 5ozJ at 3£ : 6 s : 8 d per oz valued at . 17.10.00 

One Toster of gold enamelled w th a phoenix 
Mint. weighing 5oz£ at 3£ : 6 8 : 8 d per oz . 6.13.04 

fol . 37b. 

A George on Horseback of Gold w rth a 
d'd to y e Mint pearle in liis Helmet & a dragon enam- 

elled oz 33 at 3£ per ounce . . 99. 00. 00 

Brass & Copp' medalls of sevrall sorts found 
BoldtoMr.Mallarj-the m an Iron Chest ;„ e Lower j u 
31 l)ec r 164y , ., ** , 

for 14£. 14 s . 4 d . house formerly in the Lord Cottington s 

charge in number 139 & vailed at . 13. 10. 00 



1886.] Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. 287 

a>a ♦« *i „ xr-„f Two Offring peeces & a Set of Gold weigh- 
dd to the Mint. . , rt r r «*••■«. 07 aa aa 

lug 10oz£ at 3£: 12 9 per oz . . 37.00.00 

fol: 40. 

• Part of the Regalia Removed from "Westm r to 

the Tower Jewell house. 

Queen Ediths Crowue formerly thought to 

Oneoz sold M* darama- oe f Massv gold, but unon'trvall found 

re Xhi S J a2vinced. 4d to be of silver gilt, enricht w* Garnets 

... foule pearles, Saphyrs & some odd Stones 

• weighed 50 oz' vallued at . . 16. 00. 00 

King Elfrids Crowue of gold wyre worke 
d'd toy* Mint. set w th slight stones & two litle Bells 

weighing 79ozJ at 3£ per oz. alias 80ozJ 248.10.00 
Mint. ' A Gold plate dish enameled set w 01 slight 
maresqtfl" ti stones-23o Z J at 8£ : 6' : 8< per oz. val- 

which is advanced. lued at ...... 77.11.00 

One large Glass cup wrought in figures & 
Sold M' Milder 30 of Dec seti „ S GoId w „ J ome = ones &° pearles 

1649 for 110. 15. 00 . ,. rQ , 11d . « na r -, no i k no 

weighing 68oz£ vall d at 30' per oz . 102. ID. 00 

A dove of gold set w th stones & pearles 
d'd to y« Mint. 8 z£ set w th studds of silver gilt in a box 

vallued together .... 26. 00. 00 
The Gould & Stones belonging to a Collar 
of Crimson Taffety wrought with Gold 
d'd to y e Mint. and Stones set in plates of silver enameled 

weighing 27oz£ at 50 s per oz. . . 18. 15. 00 
fol40.b. 

One Staffe of black & white Ivory w th a 
Sold Mr Lavender 31 dove on the Top w th biuding and feete 
Deer 1649 for 5£. 10*. f Gold vallued at . . ' . . 4.10.00 

A large staff XV th a dove on the topp for- 
merly thought to be all gold but upon 

j.j * » *c- .. triall found to be, the lower pte wood 

d'd to ye Mint. tt . - ., ' th . ^ « t 

w^in & silver gilt w m out, the upp p\ 

wood w th in & gold w th out weighing vi oz 
& vallued at . . . . . 35. 00. 00 
One small staff w th a Flower de Luce on 
to y« Mint ^ e t0 P ^ ormer ^y thought to be all of 

gold, but upon tryall found to be Iron 
w th in & silver gilt w th out, vallued at . 2. i0. 00 

Two Septers one set w th pearles & stones 
the upp end gold, the lower end silver 
toy* Mint. tne S ^ weighing 23 oz at 55* per ounce, 

the lower end home & litle silver gilt, 
valued at 12 s . The other silver gilt w th 
a dove formerly thought gold weighing 
7 0Z | at 5 s : C d per ounce . . .65. 19. 7$ 
Sold M' Kinnersly 27 A silver spoone gilt weighing 3oz at 5* : 4 d 
OfDocrl649,forl6.. per omice °. . ° . . 00.16.00 

^peaTks soTm**™- The gold of j« Tassels of y' Liy' coloured 
maresque, 21 st Janv for Robbe weighing . . . . oz : vallued at 2£ 
6£ the goM to ye Siint per oz== g£ . and the C oate w ;h the Deck 



28S Notes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters. [July, 

button of gold vall d at 2£. The Roabe 
having some pearles vall d at 3«£ : iu all 
vall d at . ... . . . . 13.00.00 

According to order of Parli': all these 
are broken and defaced. 
One pair of silver gilt spurrs w th Buckles 
d'd to y e Mint. set w th 12 Stones & crimson silk strapps 

po r 6ozJ at 5« : 4 d p r ounce . . 1. 13. 04 

fol. 41. 
An Inventory of the Regalia in an Iron Chest formerly kept in 
\Y r estm r Abbey. 

£ s. d. 

One Crimson Taffatie Roabe val d . 00. 10. 00 

One Roabe trim'd \v th Gold lace . . 00. 10. 00 

One Liver-colour'd silk Robe worth nothing 00. 00. 00 

Allsould Que Robe of Crimson Taffate sarsenet . 00. 05. 00 

Mr Humfryes One p r of Buskins of Cloth of Silver & Silv 

the 28 of Nov 1649 stocking at 00.02.06 

for 5£ One p r of Shoes of Cloth of Gold . 00. 02. 00 

One p r of imbrodered Gloves val d at . 00. 01. 00 

Three swords w th scabards of Cloth of gold 

valued at 03. 00. 00 

One home Combe worth nothing. 

Sevrall things rec d from some Gent: & (a 1649) remain g in 
Somerset house Closet. 

This the King had on A Garter of Blew yelve } set w * 412 : sma11 
when he was beheaded. diamands formerly in the Custody of 
Sonld Mr Ireton the 3^ Captaine Preston & now in the Closet, 
of Jan* 1649 for 2uo£. val d at 160.00.00 

fol : 41. b. 

One Collar of Esses of Gold formerly in 
to y e Mint. Co 11 Harisons custodv, weigh 8 35ozi at 

3£ peroz . . ' . . . ~ . 106. 10. 00 

cfearke^ekm^toye A silver seale calIed the dutch 7 seale wei S h - 

parliaraeut. - i n or 32 : oz at 5* per ounce . . 8. 00. 00 

to y e mint. ■ 

The Gold & silver belonging to an old Cross, 

being all wood underneath. & set w^ coun- 

toy e mint. terfeit stones, the Gold weighing 13ozJ 

at 3£ per oz., the silver weighing 31oz 

& 5* per ouuce, valued . . .48. 05. 00 

EXCERPTFD OUT OF A BOOKE INTITULED DENMARKE HOUSE WARDROBE, 

A p'ticular of such Goods as were viewed 

the 12 th : of FEB r :1643. 
fol: 21. 

Queene Annes parliament & Coronation Robes. 

A kirtle of Crimson velvet lyned w th white TafTety bor- 

Soldto dered about w th Ermynes w th a Traine joyned to the 

Elianor Thomas game lined quite through w th Ermynes, w th an Plood 

30 Oct 1649 & Bodyes of the same. A surcoate to the same w th 

for 22£ a long Traine lined w* Ermynes w th Gold Tassells 

to the same and strings suteable. 



1886.] JVotes and Documents concerning Hugh Peters, 280 

fol. 21 b. 

A Kirtle of purple velvet lyned w th white Tafety bor- 
dered about w th Ermynes w th a Trayne to the same 
Sold to lyned quite through \v th Ermyues & Hood & Bodies 

Elia: Thomas of the same. 

SO Oct. 1649 -A- Surcoate to the same w ,h a loug trayne lined 

for 22£ w * h Ermvnes wth g° ld Tassells to the same & strings 

suteable. 

fol ibid. 

Robes of King Hen : the 8 
Sold Mr Noell Two Robes of white cloth of silver of the 
24 Oct 1649 for 80£ Order of S* Michaell val d at % . 20. 00. 00 

, 6 q. A Skreene cloth of white Satyn eiTibrodered all on w th 

needleworke of gold & silver w th the colours of Eng- 
land & Scotland joyn'd together & wrought in the 
same in a circle of fine needleworke w th the Armes 
of the Ku t3 of the Garter wrought in the s d cloth 
lyned with changeable Taffity frindged at the ends & 
sides w th narrow frkidge of gold & Silver & cont in 

2ydsJ length 
1 yd in a breadth 

fol : 43. 

Hampton Cort TTardrobe. 
One peece of Arras of the coming into England of King Hen : the 7 th 
w th one hand taking the Crowne from Richard the 3 d & w^ 1 the other hand 
hold 2 a Rose Crowned, lyned w a blew Canvas, cont 2 Length 4ydsJ 
Breadth 4ydsJ— J- 

6. 

One peece of the History of S* George lyned w* blew Buckrome con* 1 
yd*. 3 na | lydj 

fo: 74. 

One Garter of Stoole worke embrodered w th Gold w^out Buckle or 
pendant. 

fol. 99. 

Wyndsor wardrobe. 
Three (altered into 6) peeces of purple velvet embrodered w th the Gar- 
ter, w ch were heretofore a Ceeler Tester & Counterpoint, but now cometed 
into Hangings & lyned w th Canvas cont 8 Length 1. = 4 yds J depth 3 
yds J. 1 = 4 yds depth 4 yds |. length. 1 = o yds J depth 6 yds I — J. 
Six single vallences of the like velvet embrodered w ttl a Garter frindged 
w th purple silke & gold cont g 25 yds J of a y d or thereabout, made into 
Hangings w th the former 3 peeces. 

fol. 102 
A Unicornes Home con* — 2 yds i na = 9 lb 2oz weight* 
P — A peece of Arras of S c George & the dragon. 

103. 

In the Garter Roome in the Custody of Colonell Whichcote.. 
A large Bible in folio cover d w th purple velvet w th Brass at the Corners. 
A puipet cloth of purple Satin lay d all over w tK Crownes & Portcullesses 

VOL. XL. 26 



290 Henry Josselyn, Magistrate of Maine. [July, 



of Gold. A great cloth carpet. Nyne longe Cushions. 6 Banners. The 
Roome hanged round w th woolen hangings checked w th red, white and 
greene. A large sword. A picture of Ed. y e 3 d at length w 111 a greene 
Curtaine before it. Two Tables of the Order of the Garter. 

fol. 103. b. 
One Bell & Clock on y e Gate by the Wine Celler dore w ch is said to 
cost 200£. * * A. 1111 



HENRY JOSSELYN, THE FIRST AND ONLY ROYAL 
CHIEF MAGISTRATE OF MAINE. 

By "William M. Saroent, A.M., of Portland, Me. 

GEOFFREY JOSSELYN = 
of Hyde Hall, co. Herts, 
qui obiit 1424. 



Thomas (eldest son) = Alice Duke. 

< Arms. — Azure, of Hyde Hall. 
a josselyn argent and 

sable, with four hawk's j 

bells in quadrature or. George, of Sheering, =Maud Bardolf. 

Crest. — A falcon's leg also of Hyde Hall, 
erased at the thigh 

proper, belled or. i 

Motto : — " Faire mon John, of High Rooding,=Phillippa Bradbury 

devoir." also of Hyde Hall. 



Sir Thomas, Knt„ of Hyde Hall=Dorothy Gates, 
and New Hall Jocelyn, 
ob. 1562. 



Henry, of Torrell's Hall= Anne Torrell. 
co. Essex. 



Sir Thomas=(2d wife) Theodora Cooke, dau. of 
Edmund, of Mount Maschall, 
co. Kent. 



Henry, John, 

Chief Magistrate of Maine. the traveller and author. 

Henry Josselyn, whose pedigree is traced above, arrived in 
New England in the ship " Pide-Cow," at Piscataqua, in 1634,* 
as chief agent for Capt. John Mason, the Patentee. He continued 
to act in that capacity until the death of Mason in 1635 ; under- 
taking the discovery of Erocoise [i. e. Champlain] Lake in the Laco- 

* See Mason's letter of 5 May, 1G34, to Gibbons, endorsed, " received July 10--," two 
days after the arrival of the ship. 



1886.] Jlemy Josselyn, Magistrate of Maine. 291 

nia Patent. He intended to settle himself at Xewiche wan nock 
[Berwick, Maine], but because of his patron's death and the subse- 
quent confusion of his affairs, he removed to Black Point (Scar- 
borough) in 1635.* 

There was probably some agreement between him and Sir Fer- 
dinando Gorges, the Patentee of that region, relating to private 
grants of land ; and such lands as he became possessed of this way 
added to Capt. Thomas Cammock's Patent, — part of which was de- 
vised to him, and the remainder of which he became seized of by 
marrying the widow Margaret Cammock in 1643, — made him the 
owmer of a considerable portion of that township, and he thus be- 
came the most extensive proprietor who has ever lived in Scar- 
borough. 

He resided with Captain Cammock until the latter's death, and 
afterwards in the same house, near the " Ferry Rocks," which is 
supposed to have stood over the old cellar near " Garrison 
Cove ' on the neck, and which was at the time of the Indian 
troubles in 1675 converted into a garrison, to which many of the 
inhabitants resorted wilh their families. The situation of this gar- 
rison rendered it one of the strongest in the Province — and it might 
easily have been defended against any number of Indians. 

In 1635 Josselyn was a Commissioner under William Gorges; 
and again under the Patent of 1639 under Thomas Gorges. In 
1645 chosen vice-Deputy Governor under Richard Vines as Deputy 
Governor ; at Vines's departure from the country, he became act- 
ing Deputy-Governor, and held the last General Court under the 
authority of Gorges, at Wells, July, 1646. 

He was heartily attached to Gorges and his cause, but he pre- 
ferred to obey Rigby rather than to disturb the promised peace of 
the Province by unavailing contention. He was appointed among 
the Judges of Lygonia, with Cleeves and Jordan. Strongly op- 
posed to the authority of Massachusetts, he held out for five years ; 
was arrested and obliged to give bond to appear before the General 
Court, which he did, as did Jordan, in 1657 ; submitted to Massa- 
chusetts July 3, 1658, and, with Henry Watts, was appointed a 
Commissioner for the Town ; was Associate and Town Commission- 
er in 1661 ; but in 1662 Josselyn and Shapleigh refused to take the 
oath of office a3 Associates for the Province, and in the contest 
which followed was backed up by his fellow-townsmen ; but being 
again elected Commissioner by his townsmen in 1664, was then ac- 
cepted by the Massachusetts authorities. 

Soon after young Gorges's application to the King, he appointed 
Josselyn one of twelve Magistrates under his authority. In 1664 
he was appointed a Royal Justice by the four Commissioners sent 
over by the King, and there being eleven of them, the Commission- 

* Mason did not die till late in 1635. His will was made Nov. 26, 163-5, and proved Dec. 
22.— Editoe. 



292 Henry Josselyn^ Magistrate of Maine. [July, 

ers directed that in case the Justices were equally divided Josselyn 
should have the casting vote ; thus constituting him the Chief Jus- 
tice of the Province. He was its first, and only Chief Magistrate 
ever appointed by Royal authority. With the establishment of the 
royal government in the Province, the jurisdiction of Gorges ceased 
and was never resumed. This royal government, with Josselyn at 
its head, continued till 1668. 

Long and bitterly partisan accounts of the particulars of the usur- 
pation of authority by the Commissioners of Massachusetts and their 
deposition of the subject of this sketch in that year have been writ- 
ten. Suffice it here to say that this terminated his public services 
in this region. 

Living the retired life of a gentleman planter till August, 1676, 
he was, with numbers of his neighbors, then surprised and besieged 
by the Indians in his garrison-house. Accepting the invitation of 
Mogg Hegone, their chief, to a parley, he found on his return that 
all the garrison, except his own family, had rowed away in boats. 
Surrendering, he was treated with a kindness and consideration by 
the sav